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Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2020). Age of managers and employees –Firm survival. Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 15, Article ID 100215.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Age of managers and employees –Firm survival
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of the Economics of Ageing, ISSN 2212-828X, Vol. 15, artikel-id 100215Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Many developed countries will face a disproportionately large share of older individuals in the future. This change may lead to a labour force characterized by older employees and older operational managers. This paper contributes to the existing literature on the effect of aging on firm performance by performing an explorative analysis of how the age of the operational manager and the age composition of employees relate to the survival of Swedish firms during 2004–2013. We observe that the relationship between the age of the operational manager and firm exit changes functional shape when separated into different firm-size categories. Additionally, the age of the operational manager tends to be more important for new firms compared to incumbents. The share of older employees is positively associated with firm survival. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2020
Nyckelord
Age, Employees, Firm age, Firm size, Firm survival, Operational manager
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46863 (URN)10.1016/j.jeoa.2019.100215 (DOI)2-s2.0-85074492714 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-20 Skapad: 2019-11-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Nilsson, P., Backman, M., Bjerke, L. & Maniriho, A. (2019). One cow per poor family: Effects on the growth of consumption and crop production. World Development, 114, 1-12
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>One cow per poor family: Effects on the growth of consumption and crop production
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 114, s. 1-12Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study estimates the effects of the one cow policy on per capita consumption and the value of per hectare crop production in Rwanda using a random sample of households observed twice (2010 and 2014). A model that accounts for heterogeneity across households and the selection bias and placement effect associated with the policy is estimated. Findings show that receiving a cow has a positive effect on crop production indicating that the cattle has enabled households to become more productive on the farm. Results point to the importance of household's knowledge and experience of rearing livestock for the outcome of receiving a cow.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2019
Nyckelord
CEM, Consumption, Crop production, Girinka, Rwanda, Bos
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41827 (URN)10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.09.024 (DOI)000453497900001 ()2-s2.0-85054236038 (Scopus ID)IHHCEnSEIS (Lokalt ID)IHHCEnSEIS (Arkivnummer)IHHCEnSEIS (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-10-12 Skapad: 2018-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Baù, M., Chirico, F., Pittino, D., Backman, M. & Klaesson, J. (2019). Roots to grow: Family firms and local embeddedness in rural and urban contexts. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 43(2), 360-385
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Roots to grow: Family firms and local embeddedness in rural and urban contexts
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 360-385Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study analyzes the nexus among business growth, ownership structure, and local embeddedness—that is, the involvement of economic actors in a geographically bound social structure—in rural and urban contexts. This work combines regional economics with studies on family business and firm growth and uses a coarsened matched sample of privately held Swedish firms. The findings indicate that family firms benefit more than nonfamily firms from local embeddedness and as such they achieve higher levels of growth and that this effect is more pronounced in rural areas. Research implications are shared in the Conclusion section.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2019
Nyckelord
business growth, local embeddedness, urban–rural contexts, family firms
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39334 (URN)10.1177/1042258718796089 (DOI)000458813400011 ()2-s2.0-85064328951 (Scopus ID)PP JIBS 2019 (Lokalt ID)PP JIBS 2019 (Arkivnummer)PP JIBS 2019 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-02 Skapad: 2018-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-26Bibliografiskt granskad
Backman, M. & Wallin, T. (2018). Access to banks and external capital acquisition: Perceived innovation obstacles. The annals of regional science, 61(1), 161-187
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Access to banks and external capital acquisition: Perceived innovation obstacles
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 61, nr 1, s. 161-187Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We examine whether low access to banks is perceived as problematic when obtaining financial capital for innovation activities. Data on innovation obstacles from the Swedish Community Innovation Survey are combined with geo-coded data at the firm level, which allows us to proxy access to external capital by the Euclidian distance from each firm to its nearest bank and the supply within a radius of five kilometres. The results indicate that both a longer distance to the nearest bank and fewer banks in the vicinity are related to experiencing greater difficulties in obtaining external financial capital for innovations.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2018
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38234 (URN)10.1007/s00168-018-0863-8 (DOI)000438628600008 ()2-s2.0-85045453031 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-12-19 Skapad: 2017-12-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2018). Entrepreneurship and age across time and space. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 109(3), 371-385
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Entrepreneurship and age across time and space
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 109, nr 3, s. 371-385Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies confirm an inverted U-shaped relationship between age and entrepreneurship. This paper deepens the understanding of this relationship by analysing how the relationship varies across time and across different types of regions, aspects often overlooked in the current literature. An individual perspective is taken, and the probability of starting a firm is expected to increase as individuals' age but at a decreasing rate. The results show significant differences in the relationship between the age of individuals and the rate of entrepreneurship across time and space. The age-entrepreneurship profile has shifted to the left over time such that individuals are younger when they start firms. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Nyckelord
Age cohorts, Ageing, Entrepreneurship, Fixed-effect logit estimation, Micro data, Urban-rural hierarchy
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38310 (URN)10.1111/tesg.12293 (DOI)XYZ ()2-s2.0-85035016190 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

Special Issue: Dossier: Ageing and the Economy

Tillgänglig från: 2017-12-30 Skapad: 2017-12-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Backman, M. & Nilsson, P. (2018). The role of cultural heritage in attracting skilled individuals. Journal of Cultural Economics, 42(1), 111-138
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The role of cultural heritage in attracting skilled individuals
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Cultural Economics, ISSN 0885-2545, E-ISSN 1573-6997, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 111-138Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role played by built heritages and cultural environments, alongside other locational factors, in explaining the growth of human capital in Sweden. We distinguish between urban, natural and cultural qualities as different sources of regional attractiveness and estimate their influence on the observed growth of individuals with at least three years of higher education during 2001–2010. Neighborhood-level data are used, and unobserved heterogeneity and spatial dependencies are modeled by employing random effects estimations and an instrumental variable approach. Our findings indicate that the local supply of built heritages and cultural environments explain a significant part of human capital growth in Sweden. Results suggest that these types of cultural heritages are important place-based resources with a potential to contribute to improved regional attractiveness and growth.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2018
Nyckelord
Built heritages, Human capital, Regional growth, Multilevel
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi Ekonomisk geografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34099 (URN)10.1007/s10824-016-9289-2 (DOI)000423143100007 ()2-s2.0-84997218159 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-28 Skapad: 2016-11-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Backman, M. & Wallin, T. (2017). Access to financial intermediaries and external capital acquisition. Stockholm: The Royal Institute of Technology, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Access to financial intermediaries and external capital acquisition
2017 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

We examine whether low access to financial intermediaries works as an obstacle acquiring financial capital for Swedish firms by using information from the Community Innovation Survey indicating whether firms perceive the acquisition of external capital to be difficult. This perception is explained by the distance to the firms’ nearest financial intermediaries and their total local supply. The results indicate that the distance to banks is related to a larger problem of obtaining external financial capital in rural areas.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: The Royal Institute of Technology, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS), 2017. s. 26
Serie
CESIS Electronic Working Paper Series ; 454
Nyckelord
Financial capital, bank offices, geographical distance, Community Innovation Survey
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35625 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-30 Skapad: 2017-05-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-05-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Backman, M., Hjalager, A.-M. & Wikhamn, W. (2017). Hur ser morgondagens hotell ut? Forskningsprojekt om innovationer inom hotellbranschen. Besöksnäringens Forsknings och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Hur ser morgondagens hotell ut? Forskningsprojekt om innovationer inom hotellbranschen
2017 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Besöksnäringens Forsknings och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF), 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38548 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-01-15 Skapad: 2018-01-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Backman, M., Klaesson, J. & Öner, Ö. (2017). Innovation in the hospitality industry: Firm or location?. Tourism Economics, 23(8), 1591-1614
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Innovation in the hospitality industry: Firm or location?
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Tourism Economics, ISSN 1354-8166, E-ISSN 2044-0375, Vol. 23, nr 8, s. 1591-1614Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The hospitality industry is a rapidly growing revenue generator in many countries and is becoming economically important for generating employment and for integrating of immigrants into the labor market. As an industry where firms face fierce competition, it is important for the firms to maintain their competitiveness by distinguishing themselves from others through continuous improvements and innovations. In this article, we investigate the determinants of innovation in the hospitality industry by analyzing survey data gathered from over 900 firms in Sweden. In the analysis, we differentiate between firm-specific and location-specific features. We conclude that the most important characteristics that explain innovation lie within the firm itself, not the location. These results provide important insights regarding firm- versus location-placed innovation policies.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2017
Nyckelord
firm characteristics, hospitality industry, innovation, location characteristics
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38037 (URN)10.1177/1354816617715159 (DOI)000415841700005 ()2-s2.0-85034609430 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-12-05 Skapad: 2017-12-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Backman, M., Klaesson, J. & Öner, Ö. (2017). Innovationer inom besöksnäringen. Besöksnäringens Forsknings och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Innovationer inom besöksnäringen
2017 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Besöksnäringens Forsknings och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF), 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38547 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-01-15 Skapad: 2018-01-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6947-3859

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