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Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2020). Age of managers and employees –Firm survival. Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 15, Article ID 100215.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Age of managers and employees –Firm survival
2020 (English)In: Journal of the Economics of Ageing, ISSN 2212-828X, Vol. 15, article id 100215Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many developed countries will face a disproportionately large share of older individuals in the future. This change may lead to a labour force characterized by older employees and older operational managers. This paper contributes to the existing literature on the effect of aging on firm performance by performing an explorative analysis of how the age of the operational manager and the age composition of employees relate to the survival of Swedish firms during 2004–2013. We observe that the relationship between the age of the operational manager and firm exit changes functional shape when separated into different firm-size categories. Additionally, the age of the operational manager tends to be more important for new firms compared to incumbents. The share of older employees is positively associated with firm survival. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Age, Employees, Firm age, Firm size, Firm survival, Operational manager
National Category
Economics Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46863 (URN)10.1016/j.jeoa.2019.100215 (DOI)2-s2.0-85074492714 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-11-20 Created: 2019-11-20 Last updated: 2019-11-20Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, P., Backman, M., Bjerke, L. & Maniriho, A. (2019). One cow per poor family: Effects on the growth of consumption and crop production. World Development, 114, 1-12
Open this publication in new window or tab >>One cow per poor family: Effects on the growth of consumption and crop production
2019 (English)In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 114, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study estimates the effects of the one cow policy on per capita consumption and the value of per hectare crop production in Rwanda using a random sample of households observed twice (2010 and 2014). A model that accounts for heterogeneity across households and the selection bias and placement effect associated with the policy is estimated. Findings show that receiving a cow has a positive effect on crop production indicating that the cattle has enabled households to become more productive on the farm. Results point to the importance of household's knowledge and experience of rearing livestock for the outcome of receiving a cow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
CEM, Consumption, Crop production, Girinka, Rwanda, Bos
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41827 (URN)10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.09.024 (DOI)000453497900001 ()2-s2.0-85054236038 (Scopus ID)IHHCEnSEIS (Local ID)IHHCEnSEIS (Archive number)IHHCEnSEIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-10-12 Created: 2018-10-12 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Baù, M., Chirico, F., Pittino, D., Backman, M. & Klaesson, J. (2019). Roots to grow: Family firms and local embeddedness in rural and urban contexts. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 43(2), 360-385
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Roots to grow: Family firms and local embeddedness in rural and urban contexts
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 360-385Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study analyzes the nexus among business growth, ownership structure, and local embeddedness—that is, the involvement of economic actors in a geographically bound social structure—in rural and urban contexts. This work combines regional economics with studies on family business and firm growth and uses a coarsened matched sample of privately held Swedish firms. The findings indicate that family firms benefit more than nonfamily firms from local embeddedness and as such they achieve higher levels of growth and that this effect is more pronounced in rural areas. Research implications are shared in the Conclusion section.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
business growth, local embeddedness, urban–rural contexts, family firms
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39334 (URN)10.1177/1042258718796089 (DOI)000458813400011 ()2-s2.0-85064328951 (Scopus ID)PP JIBS 2019 (Local ID)PP JIBS 2019 (Archive number)PP JIBS 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2018-05-02 Created: 2018-05-02 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved
Backman, M. & Wallin, T. (2018). Access to banks and external capital acquisition: Perceived innovation obstacles. The annals of regional science, 61(1), 161-187
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Access to banks and external capital acquisition: Perceived innovation obstacles
2018 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 161-187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examine whether low access to banks is perceived as problematic when obtaining financial capital for innovation activities. Data on innovation obstacles from the Swedish Community Innovation Survey are combined with geo-coded data at the firm level, which allows us to proxy access to external capital by the Euclidian distance from each firm to its nearest bank and the supply within a radius of five kilometres. The results indicate that both a longer distance to the nearest bank and fewer banks in the vicinity are related to experiencing greater difficulties in obtaining external financial capital for innovations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38234 (URN)10.1007/s00168-018-0863-8 (DOI)000438628600008 ()2-s2.0-85045453031 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2019-02-05Bibliographically approved
Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2018). Entrepreneurship and age across time and space. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 109(3), 371-385
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship and age across time and space
2018 (English)In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 109, no 3, p. 371-385Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies confirm an inverted U-shaped relationship between age and entrepreneurship. This paper deepens the understanding of this relationship by analysing how the relationship varies across time and across different types of regions, aspects often overlooked in the current literature. An individual perspective is taken, and the probability of starting a firm is expected to increase as individuals' age but at a decreasing rate. The results show significant differences in the relationship between the age of individuals and the rate of entrepreneurship across time and space. The age-entrepreneurship profile has shifted to the left over time such that individuals are younger when they start firms. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
Age cohorts, Ageing, Entrepreneurship, Fixed-effect logit estimation, Micro data, Urban-rural hierarchy
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38310 (URN)10.1111/tesg.12293 (DOI)XYZ ()2-s2.0-85035016190 (Scopus ID)
Note

Special Issue: Dossier: Ageing and the Economy

Available from: 2017-12-30 Created: 2017-12-30 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved
Backman, M. & Nilsson, P. (2018). The role of cultural heritage in attracting skilled individuals. Journal of Cultural Economics, 42(1), 111-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of cultural heritage in attracting skilled individuals
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cultural Economics, ISSN 0885-2545, E-ISSN 1573-6997, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 111-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role played by built heritages and cultural environments, alongside other locational factors, in explaining the growth of human capital in Sweden. We distinguish between urban, natural and cultural qualities as different sources of regional attractiveness and estimate their influence on the observed growth of individuals with at least three years of higher education during 2001–2010. Neighborhood-level data are used, and unobserved heterogeneity and spatial dependencies are modeled by employing random effects estimations and an instrumental variable approach. Our findings indicate that the local supply of built heritages and cultural environments explain a significant part of human capital growth in Sweden. Results suggest that these types of cultural heritages are important place-based resources with a potential to contribute to improved regional attractiveness and growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Built heritages, Human capital, Regional growth, Multilevel
National Category
Economics Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34099 (URN)10.1007/s10824-016-9289-2 (DOI)000423143100007 ()2-s2.0-84997218159 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-11-28 Created: 2016-11-28 Last updated: 2018-02-13Bibliographically approved
Backman, M. & Wallin, T. (2017). Access to financial intermediaries and external capital acquisition. Stockholm: The Royal Institute of Technology, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Access to financial intermediaries and external capital acquisition
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We examine whether low access to financial intermediaries works as an obstacle acquiring financial capital for Swedish firms by using information from the Community Innovation Survey indicating whether firms perceive the acquisition of external capital to be difficult. This perception is explained by the distance to the firms’ nearest financial intermediaries and their total local supply. The results indicate that the distance to banks is related to a larger problem of obtaining external financial capital in rural areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: The Royal Institute of Technology, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS), 2017. p. 26
Series
CESIS Electronic Working Paper Series ; 454
Keywords
Financial capital, bank offices, geographical distance, Community Innovation Survey
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35625 (URN)
Available from: 2017-05-30 Created: 2017-05-30 Last updated: 2017-05-30Bibliographically approved
Backman, M., Hjalager, A.-M. & Wikhamn, W. (2017). Hur ser morgondagens hotell ut? Forskningsprojekt om innovationer inom hotellbranschen. Besöksnäringens Forsknings och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur ser morgondagens hotell ut? Forskningsprojekt om innovationer inom hotellbranschen
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Besöksnäringens Forsknings och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF), 2017
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38548 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Backman, M., Klaesson, J. & Öner, Ö. (2017). Innovation in the hospitality industry: Firm or location?. Tourism Economics, 23(8), 1591-1614
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation in the hospitality industry: Firm or location?
2017 (English)In: Tourism Economics, ISSN 1354-8166, E-ISSN 2044-0375, Vol. 23, no 8, p. 1591-1614Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The hospitality industry is a rapidly growing revenue generator in many countries and is becoming economically important for generating employment and for integrating of immigrants into the labor market. As an industry where firms face fierce competition, it is important for the firms to maintain their competitiveness by distinguishing themselves from others through continuous improvements and innovations. In this article, we investigate the determinants of innovation in the hospitality industry by analyzing survey data gathered from over 900 firms in Sweden. In the analysis, we differentiate between firm-specific and location-specific features. We conclude that the most important characteristics that explain innovation lie within the firm itself, not the location. These results provide important insights regarding firm- versus location-placed innovation policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
firm characteristics, hospitality industry, innovation, location characteristics
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38037 (URN)10.1177/1354816617715159 (DOI)000415841700005 ()2-s2.0-85034609430 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-05 Created: 2017-12-05 Last updated: 2017-12-27Bibliographically approved
Backman, M., Klaesson, J. & Öner, Ö. (2017). Innovationer inom besöksnäringen. Besöksnäringens Forsknings och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovationer inom besöksnäringen
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Besöksnäringens Forsknings och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF), 2017
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38547 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6947-3859

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