12 51 - 74 of 74
rss atomLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
  • Abuaita, Areej
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    El Saleh, Asmaa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Utvärdering av analysmetod för bestämning av anti-FXa aktivitet i plasma hos patienter behandlade med apixaban eller LMH2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Apixaban and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), are anticoagulants that prevent clot formation by inhibiting factor Xa. Increasingly more patients use apixaban and LMWH, for this reason the laboratory medicine at the county hospital Ryhov needs to evaluate methods of analysis for apixaban and LMWH to be able to implement the analyzes in clinical routine. Aim: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the assay method for determining anti-FXa activity in plasma in patients treated with apixaban or LMWH using chromogenic substrate method. Method: The method evaluation consisted of four steps: repeatability, intermediate precision measures, compliance with validated method and analysis of normal population. The evaluation was performed using Sysmex CS-2100 where 20 respective 40 patient samples were analyzed for apixaban and LMWH as well as 10 normal population samples. Factor Xa activity was quantitatively determined using light absorption at 405 nm.Result and discussion: Repeatability and intermediate precision showed low CV. Patient samples showed consistent results with reference values from other laboratories where r2 for apixaban and LMWH were 0.95. Deviant results may be due to measurement errors or confusion between samples. Analysis of normal population showed that values were below the lowest reliable value. Conclusion: Evaluation of the analysis method apixaban and LMWH at Ryhov's laboratory showed good results, which confirms that the assay method can be used in clinical routine.

  • Hansson, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Kuula, Marko
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Är gräset grönare på andra sidan?: En litteraturstudie om svenska ungdomars attityder till cannabis2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, 18 articles have been reviewed and analyzed when it comes to cannabis use and the attitudes of adolescents to the drug in Swedish context. This has been done in the form of a literature study. The purpose was to examine the attitudes of Swedish adolescents to cannabis and how these attitudes relate to Howard Parker´s normalization theory. The result has been structured after four of the normalization theory´s five dimensions. The conclusions that can be drawn from the study´s results are that there is an increased questioning of Swedish drug policy, which in turn has contributed to more liberal attitudes in adolescents and when it comes to cannabis. Half of Swedish schoolchildren have also not recieved any education in the risks of harm when it comes to the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs. This could be a direct effect or an indication of why adolescents show more positive attitudes towards drugs. Although the proportion of cannabis users does not increase in Sweden, it can be stated that the frequency of cannabis use has increased significantly recently.

  • Gustafsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Johnsen, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    En normkritisk analys av "Socialt arbete - en grundbok"2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study present a norm-critical analysis of a Swedish social work academic textbook. The aim is to make visible how norms can be created and maintained through written text, but also to analyze whether the current book is inclusive in its language. The study also aim to analyze how the authors write about and portray, for example, gender, sexuality, ethnicity and functionality. The analysis uses a number of discourse analytical tools and focus on norms and normalization processes. The study makes use of a social constructivist perspective and queer theory. An initial quantification of the use of sex-based and gender-neutral pronouns is supplemented by an analysis of these occasions, where the discursive tools are used.

    In conclusion, the study's results can show how norms about sex, sexuality, ethnicity and functionality can be created and reproduced through text. Because there is only room for two sexes and heterosexuality, the view on gender is maintained as a binary category and heterosexuality as the "normal". The result also shows how clients are categorized and presented as "the other", which contributes to how social workers look at different groups, individuals and social problems.

  • Public defence: 2019-09-06 10:00 E1405 (Gjuterisalen), Jönköping
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Management of the industrialisation process in distributed geographical and organisational contexts2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Management of new product development (NPD) is one of the most critical capabilities of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). The industrialisation process plays a major role in NPD, where the final verification of the product and production system takes place. It is during the industrialisation process that various disturbances arise; if these are not managed, they can delay the production start and prolong production ramp up.

    Based on two dimensions, geographical and organisational distribution, the following four different types of contexts are defined in this thesis: industrialisation in the local and intra-organisational context (type 1), industrialisation in the local and inter-organisational context (type 2), industrialisation in the international and intra-organisational context (type 3) and industrialisation in international and inter-organisational context (type 4). This thesis addresses types 2–4 and contributes to the literature, which has primarily dealt with the type 1 context. The purpose of the research presented in the thesis is expanding the knowledge on the industrialisation process in distributed geographical and/or organisational contexts with a focus on challenges and mechanisms; this will serve to control the challenges during the industrialisation process.

    The findings are based on data from three studies in the manufacturing industry, covering both single and multiple case studies. They reveal that there are some similarities between the type 2–4 contexts and challenges and mechanisms previously identified for the type 1 context. However, several unique challenges and mechanisms are found for the type 2–4 contexts. The findings also show that the challenges can be characterised as internal and external. Internal challenges appear in a single industrialisation site and are associated with internal organisational capabilities at the site. External challenges originate from the research and development (R&D) site and the integration between the R&D and industrialisation sites.

    The findings also reveal that the identified challenges disrupt the industrialisation process in various ways and create uncertainty and equivocality during the industrialisation process. The studies presented in this thesis show that, to deal with challenges that create uncertainty and equivocality, it is wise to allow ad hoc mechanisms to be used. One of the key conclusions is that when the industrialisation processes are carried out in type 2–4 contexts, there is a need to allow for flexibility regarding the use of mechanisms depending on the dynamics associated with the specific context.

  • Pettersson, Max
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Jansson, Viktor
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Predicting rifle shooting accuracy from context and sensor data: A study of how to perform data mining and knowledge discovery in the target shooting domain2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to develop an interpretable model that gives predictions for what factors impacted a shooter’s results. Experiment is our chosen research method. Our three independent variables are weapon movement, trigger pull force and heart rate. Our dependent variable is shooting accuracy. A random forest regression model is trained with the experiment data to produce predictions of shooting accuracy and to show correlation between independent and dependent variables. Our method shows that an increase in weapon movement, trigger pull force and heart rate decrease the predicted accuracy score. Weapon movement impacted shooting results the most with 53.61%, while trigger pull force and heart rateimpacted shooting results 22.20% and 24.18% respectively. We have also shown that LIME can be a viable method to give explanations on how the measured factors impacted shooting results. The results from this thesis lay the groundwork for better training tools for target shooting using explainable prediction models with sensors.

  • Antropov, Eliise
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Czapinska, Magdalena
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    The effect of information structure consistency on usability on cross-platform services2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ekström, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    From a place without speech: negotiations of othering among unaccompanied female minors in Sweden2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study presented in this thesis focuses on unaccompanied female minors and their experiences as newly arrived migrants in Sweden. As a group, unaccompanied female minors have until recently been rather invisible in both academic research and media. However, according to previous research on migration and integration, they risk being constructed as ‘others’ both due to their status as unaccompanied minors, being female and in relation to general perceptions of what it means to be Swedish.

    This study is based on qualitative interviews with 11 girls, 13 to 18 years old, who arrived in Sweden as unaccompanied minors in the period between 2014 and 2017. The interviews were conducted in two phases, with nine months to one year between the first and second phases. Whereas the focus in the first phase was on getting to know the participants, the second phase provided an opportunity to delve deeper into discussions on recurring themes from the first phase. The interviews were transcribed using a denaturalised approach and thematically analysed through an abductive process.

    The thesis explores the girls’ narratives of everyday experiences and interprets them through a theoretical framework of othering. Without losing sight of the social structures that situates the girls’ experiences, othering is approached as a reciprocal, three-dimensional relationship, focusing on knowledge, values and conduct towards the other.

    The findings indicate that the girls participating in this study were often seen through the normative perception of an already othered context, and as a consequence, their own voices and agency were disregarded. They were, metaphorically, put in places without speech. However, by engaging a critical perspective on their everyday interactions, the girls were also able to recognise and resist othering by keeping true to their own experiences. The thesis concludes that by exploring the margins between their comfort zones and new contexts the girls engage in an epistemic merging of different horizons, which can be understood as a slow but insistent process of moving out from the place without speech.

  • Sandstedt, Annica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Eidering, Matilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Därför säger vi NEJ till barnhem!: En kvalitativ studie om tre svenska organisationers avståndstagande samt agerande relaterat till barnhemsproblematiken.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Rosengren, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Swedish Analytica: Individuals’ awareness of information about them held by Swedish public authorities, 1987–20172019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to enhance our knowledge of enablers of, and obstacles to, individuals’ awareness of how information about them in Swedish public authorities was handled and might be accessed by others. The concept self-information awareness developed for the study was therefore at the core of the linguistic–historical analysis that was carried out on twelve Swedish Government Official Reports on large public registers and personal integrity published 1987–2017.

    The main conclusion from the investigation is that the possibility of individuals being aware of how information about them was handled by the Swedish authorities and might be accessed by others seemed very limited. The linguistic analysis carried out in the study therefore needs to be supplemented by research into the material legal possibilities for individuals to gain such awareness.

  • Isaksson, Line
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Det tillhör att bli osams: En intervjustudie om hur fritidshemmet bidrar till att utbilda demokratiska medborgare2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is examine how teachers of leisure-time centers dicloses theres mission to educate democratic citizents. This study is based upon a qualitative research strategy. Three different focus group interviews with teachers at leisure-time centers of three different schools have been conducted. The study shows that the leisure-time center  is an arena providing opportunities for the student to develop in the spirit of democracy. Through the actions of the teacher and the organisation of education the leisure-time center becomes a place where the student develops a democratic ability, approach and competence. The situational and experience based pedagogy based on the group provides increased opportunities for schools to succeed in its educational mission to form democratic citizens.

  • Bahho, Ashorita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Brodin, Clara
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Integrering av BIM i slutbesikting2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Staffansson, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    En studie om konstruktörer kan minska klimatpåverkan av koldioxid från betong via kravspecifikation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The construction industry will be fundamentally impacted by sustainable development progression. The United Nations have set goals outlined in the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. To meet this desired progression, these goals must stand in focus for construction professionals and industry stakeholders. Concrete is a composite material made from aggregates, fluids and cement which hardens over time and is widely used in the construction industry. In 2014 it was estimated to account for more than five percent of all anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. The purpose of this study is to investigate the climate impact of various concrete mixtures measured as carbon dioxide equivalents and use this to inform whether construction designers can make a difference through the specifications of concrete mixtures.

    Method: A literature review was conducted to ensure relevance of the study and establish a knowledge base regarding the subject. LCA and a document analysis of EPDs made it possible to compare climate impacts and data could be compiled.

    Findings: Data from LCA and document analysis indicates that construction designers can reduce the climate impact through their specifications by subscribing higher w/c ratios and lower exposure classes. This enable a bigger amount of the cement to be traded by additives. A literature study indicates that reducing the climate impact of concrete can directly be related to goal 13 in Agenda 2030. In Sweden, goal 13 is to reach no net emissions of greenhouse gases by 2045.

    Implications: If construction designers specify higher w/c ratio and lower exposure classes, they can reduce the climate impact from concrete. To specify higher w/c ratio and lower exposure class is not always possible depending on the structural requirements. The study adds to an understanding of the climate impact depending on concrete mixtures.

    Limitations: Concrete obtains many characteristics which is affected by multiple parameters. Limiting the study data and ignoring some parameters increases the risk of deceptive results. Publicly available concrete certifications and data from concrete professionals is combined in this study. Most of the concrete mixtures selected for analysis are climate friendly types and therefore the results would differ if regular concrete was used. Because of structural requirements and other conditions, it is not always possible for the construction designer to specify higher w/c ratio and lower exposure class. This study focuses on climate impacts which limits the possibility to make connections to multiple sustainable development goals.

  • Malin, Börjesson
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Emma, Linde
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Ljusnivåns påverkan på rums- och ljusupplevelsen: Vid användning av virtuella takfönster som komplement i fönsterlösa rum2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how virtual sky lights are perceived by people and discuss whether it is a suitable solution as a complement to the lack of windows. Previous studies have confirmed that there is a need to examine an alternative lighting solution in order to supplement the lack of windows. The stated goal for the current study was therefore to evince how a lighting solution of virtual sky lights with a high or low light level, together with ambient lighting of either high or low light level is perceived.  

        

    With this as a foundation, an experimental study has been conducted with participants who have experienced six different light scenes in a waiting room environment. The light scenes were distinguished between high and low light levels of the ambient lighting and of the LED-panels, which were also turned off in two light scenes. 

       

    The result has shown that there is a connection between the light level of the virtual sky lights and the perception of the room and the lighting. The participants preferred the LED-panels when they were turned on rather than turned off in the waiting room, in combination with an ambient lighting at a high or low light level. It was especially the third light scene, when both the ambient lighting and the LED-panels had a high light level that excelled the most and showed positive results. It indicates that the participants preferred this light scene the most.  It might be because the contrast of light was perceived most pleasantly, compared to the other five light scenes. 

     

    Further studies within the field is recommended by the authors to contribute to a deeper knowledge about how virtual sky lights can be applied, to create user adapted lighting environments in rooms that lack windows. The perception of more light levels should therefore be investigated, also more types of environments should be investigated, study environments is one suggestion. It could contribute to a wider knowledge about possible application areas of virtual sky lights as a complement in windowless rooms.  

     

  • Sellert, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Chyssler, Linnéa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    ”Man av den rätta kalibern”: En kvalitativ studie om sociala konstruktioner av maskulinitet i relation till psykisk ohälsa hos unga män2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental ill-health has increased among the Swedish population over the past decade, especially among young adults and is expected to become the leading public health challenge both nationally and globally in 2030 (Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting, 2018). Previous research indicates that men, young and old, tend to not seek help or not until it might be too late (SOU 2014: 6). Research also shows that norms in the society create ideas that men should be able to control their emotions, be tough and not cry, which has created a society that is limiting for young men (Pattyn et al., 2015).

     

    The study examines how social constructions of masculinity contribute to mental ill health among young men with an equality and sustainability perspective. The method used is semi-structured interviews with informants in terms of staff from Swedish youth guidance centres and guidance centre for young men. Social constructivism has been used as a theory to explain phenomenon in our society that are considered natural and what impact different socialization processes have for the creation of masculinity norms (Wenneberg, 2001).

     

    The result showed that the social constructions of masculinity create unreachable ideals that can contribute to mental ill health among young men. Men tend to not seek and consume healthcare since seeking help is considered a feminine rather than a masculine behaviour, which results in consequences both for men themselves and their surroundings. The results also showed that the centres are designed to be equal, but that the social constructions of masculinity are the reason why many young men not seek for help. The study findings draw attention to the complex problem of mental ill-health among young men, its consequences and which gaps of knowledge that needs to be filled.

  • Olsson, Erika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Holm, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Volontärturism - En väg till utveckling eller undergång?: En kvallitativ studie om hur svenska volontärresebyråers projekt anknyter till Agenda 20302019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The sustainable development goals, published in 2015, were created as a global effort to increase sustainable social, economic and environmental development. In documents published in 2018 from the UN, relevant actors are encouraged to incorporate more voluntary work on different levels of society, in order to establish a local anchoring for the 17 goals with its’ 169 sub-targets. One kind of non-profit work that has gained popularity in the last 20 years are the so-called volunteer travels, where tourists, often young Westerners, travel in order to help out in developing countries, in combination with leisure activities.

    In this study, descriptions of projects that are offered by Swedish volunteer- travel agencies have been examined as to how they relate to the Sustainable Development Goals, along with how different publications from the UN on how volunteerism and sustainable tourism can be understood in regard to commercial volunteer tourism. Here, four Swedish volunteer tourist agencies have been examined and compared to the sub-targets for the Sustainable Development Goals, also known as Agenda 2030. The method used is a qualitative content analysis of the project descriptions found on the web pages of the volunteer tourist agencies. The Human Rights Based Approach has been used to analyse the data in order to investigate in what way the project descriptions can be seen as rights based. The result shows that volunteer tourism primarily is related to development goals concerning education and biological diversity, through English classes and care of animals and nature. The established projects that are available often cannot guarantee the quality of the efforts being made and do not seem to incorporate an awareness of the Sustainable Development Goals. The activity can therefore be seen as addressing the effects of structural problems, rather than a solution of the underlying causes of the problems. A possible improvement that is suggested for volunteer tourism to contribute more to a road to development, is to more emphasize the connection between projects in volunteer tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals, mainly through knowledge sharing.

  • Lind, Freja
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Fohlin, Moa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Operation Rädda EU?: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av attityder till Europeiska Unionen i den svenska mediala debatten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den Europeiska Unionen är i ständig politisk utveckling och så är även den svenska opinionens förhållningssätt till det europeiska samarbetet. Denna studie syftar till att undersöka vilka attityder till EU som finns representerade i ledarsidor i tidningarna Proletären, Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Svenska Dagbladet och Samtiden, under det första kvartalet av 2019. Dessa fem tidningar representerar olika sidor av det politiska landskapet i Sverige. Uppsatsen visar också vilka sakpolitiska frågor och pågående politiska processer som ledarsidornas diskussioner om EU anknyter till. För att besvara studiens frågeställningar har en kvalitativ innehållsanalys tillämpats. När det gäller sakpolitiska frågor kretsar den svenska EU-debatten framför allt kring migration, medan andra frågor som rör EU behandlas mer sporadiskt i enskilda tidningar. Ledarsidornas debatt var däremot mer riktad åt större politiska processer som kretsade kring Brexit, EU:s demokratiska utveckling och EU-valet. I samtliga diskussioner har de identifierade attityderna analyserats med stöd utav en multidimensionell teori av Boomgaarden et al. (2011) som förklarar hur attityder formas. Studien kommer fram till slutsatsen att det finns en förhållandevis utbredd euroskepticism mot unionens funktionssätt, men att skepticismen sällan är av principiellt slag. EU:s demokratiska underskott identifieras som en framträdande orsak till det kritiska förhållningssättet. Trots kritiken har de politiska mittentidningarna Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter och Svenska Dagbladet en positiv framtidsvision för Sverige i EU. De mest negativa attityderna finns på den politiska ytterkanten både till höger och vänster, där den vänsterradikala tidningen Proletären utmärker sig i att vilja förkasta hela unionen, medan Samtiden snarare intar en mer kritisk hållning än mittentidningarna.

  • Public defence: 2019-08-30 13:15 B1014, Jönköping
    Kuiken, Andrea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Exploring the internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises as a discontinuous process2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationalization is an important growth strategy for small and medium-sizedenterprises (SMEs). Yet, it is also a complex process since it involves a large variety of decisions and addressing the diverse nature of and unfamiliarity with foreign markets can especially be challenging for SMEs. Because SMEs have fewer resources they tend to be less equipped for internationalization and become more vulnerable to changes in the external environment. Therefore, continued growth in foreign markets is not easy nor guaranteed and instead, SMEs can de-internationalize and potentially re-internationalize. Thus, internationalization can be described as a discontinuous process.

    To address the complexities of internationalization as a discontinuous process, this dissertation studies some key antecedents, mediating factors and performance effects associated with the discontinuous internationalization of SMEs. The dissertation comprises two quantitative studies, a qualitative study, and a conceptual essay. The first essay examines family involvement in SMEs as an antecedent of intermittent exporting building on the behavioral agency model and real options reasoning. Utilizing a unique longitudinal dataset of Swedish SMEs in the manufacturing and retail industry, it is found that family firms experience a higher degree of intermittent exporting than non-family firms. This relationship is moderated by the foreign background of the CEO, such that the degree of intermittent exporting reduces when family firms have a CEO with a foreign background.

    While research has addressed the motivations for de-internationalization, less is known about the de-internationalization process. The second paper studies the de-internationalization process building on two case studies. The findings indicate that attitudinal commitment can be a key mediating factor between motives for de-internationalization and the de-internationalization outcome. Different commitment profiles are identified in relation to the timing of de-internationalization, the effort put into executing the de-internationalization decision and the extent of de-internationalization.

    The third essay studies the performance effect of exit from exporting, using a longitudinal dataset of Swedish exporting SMEs in the manufacturing industry. This essay relies on the theoretical framework of the internationalization performance literature - which builds on transaction cost theory, resource-based view and learning theory – to hypothesize that exit from exporting can have benefits and costs and that the environmental circumstances influence whether the benefits or costs prevail. The findings show that exit from exporting can be beneficial for SME financial performance if the firm has high levels of available slack and when the firm is active in a dynamic environment.

    The fourth essay proposes that a focus on the behavioral theory of the firm can provide a basis for understanding the micro-processes in family firms that may affect discontinuities in the internationalization process. Family business internationalization literature has borrowed some aspects of the behavioral theory of the firm, like goal diversity and uncertainty avoidance. However, it has ignored others like problemistic search and learning. Building on the key concepts of quasiresolution of conflict, uncertainty avoidance, problemistic search and learning,future areas for research on family firm internationalization as a discontinuous process are identified in this essay.

    Overall, the dissertation responds to a call for research on the dynamics in the internationalization process and makes four important contributions to the literatures on SME internationalization, family business and internationalization performance. First, it shows how family control can influence intermittent exporting. Second, it adds to the discussion on de-internationalization of SMEs by highlighting the role of attitudinal commitment in the de-internationalization process. Third, it extends the socioemotional wealth perspective by adding a real options lens to it. Fourth, a more nuanced understanding of the relationship between exit from exporting and performance is provided by proposing that exit from exporting can have costs as well as benefits and showing empirically that under certain circumstances exit from exporting can be beneficial for SME performance.

  • Ivåker, Katrin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Kellerth Janeke, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    När olikheter blir likheter: - Hur förskollärare beskriver sitt arbete med att inkludera regnbågsfamiljer i utbildningen2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här kvalitativa studien är att bidra med kunskap om hur pedagoger i förskolan beskriver sitt arbete och sitt förhållningssätt kring mångfalden i utbildningen med fokus på regnbågsfamiljer. Frågeställningarna som valts ut för att syftet ska besvaras är: Hur beskriver pedagoger sitt arbete med att synliggöra mångfalden i förskolan med fokus på regnbågsfamiljer? Vad anser pedagoger att det kan bli för konsekvenser om mångfalden i förskolan inte tas tillvara på?

    I studien genomfördes fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer med pedagoger ifrån HBTQ– certifierade förskolor. Analysen av det empiriska materialet skedde utifrån hermeneutiken.

    Resultatet visade på ett arbetssätt där pedagogernas förhållningsätt var i fokus. Vikten av att reflektera över material, miljön samt språkbruk visade sig vara gynnsamt för inkluderingen av regnbågsfamiljer i utbildningen. Resultatet påvisade även olika konsekvenser av att inte inkludera regnbågsfamiljer i utbildningen samt de positiva konsekvenser som det medför. Resultatet belyser betydelsen av att redan i förskolan arbeta med att bryta normer i samhället.

  • Carlbom, Carolina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Använda metoder från Progressive Web Application för att lösa specifika problem i en webapplikation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Computers and similar units are taking a larger part in our lives and we expect ourwork tools to operate the same way the applications in our private units do. Qpick is awarehouse management software in the shape of a web application that is used onhandheld units with the operating system Android, and desktops with the operatingsystem Windows. The purpose of this thesis is to test and examine which well knowntechnical solutions can be used to solve specific problems in a web application.The study is a case study focusing on the software Qpick. To answer the thesis´ tworesearch questions, two Qpick users were interviewed and observed during a shift.Qpicks´ product owner and a Qpick technician were interviewed. The application wasexamined and underwent performance testing, before and after the implementation oftechnical solutions.The result proved that implementing a service worker is a solution to handle lack ofinternet access. Caching of resources is a solution to lower the load on the web serveras well as speeding up the application and making it more responsive. AJAX is asolution to keep the application up to date without having to update the wholeapplication, and not send or receive more information than necessary. localStorage isa solution to store data in the browser.

  • Malavolti, Anastasia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Cost Efficiency and Waste Reduction in Completely Knocked Down Production2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To provide a framework for the improvement of the supply chain of Completely Knocked Down Products with a focus on waste reduction and cost-efficiency.

    Method– A case study at a company dealing with CKD assembly, based on observations and interviews. Triangulation of several sources from scholarly articles, examples from the automotive industries and researches. This investigation has been designed to provide logic and coherent structure backing the purpose following the red-thread of answering the research questions. The objective of the study is achieved combining literature review and a case study mainly based on observations and interviews.

    Results – CKD production can be beneficial depending on the specific content and market conditions. This thesis focuses on value creation throughout each stage of the production of CKD, from design to final assembly. The study found some guidelines that should be followed in managing the supply chain of CKD products. It fills a vacuum of knowledge on the topic.

    Implications – The frameworks resulting from the research, highlight the actions to be taken to implement CKD efficiently, with minimum waste and cost, leading to an overall improvement of the entire supply chain.

    Limitations – There have been found limited resources on the topic. Developing a framework without thorough examples from different industries contexts was a limitation due to the absence of available information. Observations and interviews limited to one company that locally assembles globally sourced parts.

  • Flyckt, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Da Silva Lernstål, Oscar
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Avläsning av bränsle med hjälp av ljus: En tillbehörsprodukt för motorsågar2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report deals with a thesis in product development and design. This degree project was a final course on the program "Mechanical Engineering - Product Development and Design" at Jönköping University - School of engineering, and was conducted together with Husqvarna Group AB. The project has been carried out by Daniel Flyckt and Oscar Lernstål.

    The project has been to design and develop a prototype that will help the customer see the fuel level in Husqvarna's chainsaws in an easier way. Today’s solution is a viewing window on one of the sides of the tank. This viewing window partly fulfils its function, but there is definitely room for improvement. The viewing window has had productionrelated problems and it costs Husqvarna money because it becomes an extra step in the process to get a complete for the chainsaws that are ready to use. In order to get a better idea of how to solve the problem with the fuel indication interviews and a competitor analysis were made. This gave a better overview of the project and also gave insight of how competitors had solved the same problem. After that a requirement specification was written to get a solid base in the project. This requirement specification was to great help during the project and used when the concepts that we developed were to be evaluated. Last but not least it was time to make the model that past the screening of the concepts. Catia (a CAD program) was used and the prototype was printed in a SLS and SLA machine. The end result of the project was a prototype that could be tested under simpler conditions, with clearly improved properties in terms of being able to give an indication of fuel.

  • Ohlsson, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Gustavsson, Kajsa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Trangia Maxi2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Gasslander, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Posae, Nasrin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Analys av kapacitetpotential och produktionslayout i robotcell: Examensarbete utfört på Swepart Transmission AB2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is done at Swepart transmission AB in Liatorp. Swepart is a manufacturing company of transmission solutions. As customer demands and production volumes increase, it results in higher requirements on the production. The main purpose with this thesis has been to improve the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) and the profitability in one of the company’s robot cells, with an associated lathe. The study is limited to the three most common articles that is produced in Cell 1: 433, 401 and 296.

    The research questions purpose is to identify the potential of the capacity in the cell, but also to analyse the actions that can be done to improve the capacity.

    To be able to answer the research questions, observations of the production has been made and collected data from Axxos has been used. The production layout has carefully been studied to find out which factors that affect the utilization in the cell. With this collected data the OEE-index has been calculated, for the whole cell as well as for each article. Time analyses have also been made over the robots and the machines cycle times, in order to see what time losses that occur in the cell.

    The result in the study shows that the biggest capacity losses are related to the performance for two of the articles. Though the timeline for the last article shows that the cycle time can be decreased, just by increasing the production rate of the milling. There are also a lot of big losses in the availability that can be improved. One of the bigger losses is the lack of staff. Another important part to consider is routines with the lathe. The company have to work with the lathe by the theory of constraint, which means that the lathe always must be available and producing.

    An important but simple action is to increase the production rate in the article 433. This would imply that the possible run time of the lathe would increase, but also for the whole cell due to the lathe is a bottleneck. Another important action is to overhaul the way they work with OEE in Axxos, as they according to their current work is hiding big and important losses in the production. It is also important to make sure that the stops and cycle time of the lathe is registered in Axxos. Since the lathe is a bottleneck is it the most important machine to keep track of.

    The study has shown that there is a big potential of the capacity in the cell, but that it is mostly limited by the lathe’s slow production rate. Therefore, it is important to process the lathe as a bottleneck and eliminate the factors that decreases the lathe’s possible production time.

  • Causey, Beatrice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björn, Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    'Help the patient turn back to happy': A qualitative study with mental health professionals in Vietnam: A Bachelor of Science Thesis in Occupational Therapy about how mental health staff support their patients back into society, conducted as a Minor Field Studies project2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to identify in what way health care staff at a psychiatric facility in Vietnam support patients with mental illness to participate in society. This research is based on a qualitative interview study with inductive reasoning and semi-structured interviews. The participants were mental health professionals at the applicable facility. The respondents consisted of a total of ten health care professionals and the participants were recruited using snowball sampling. Content analysis according to Lundman & Graneheim-Hällgren (2017) was used to examine the data. The results eventuated in individual-based interventions that consist of the different ways the staff supports the individual patient such as validating, advising, coaching and encouraging. The findings also resulted in several strategies for group-based interventions such as rehabilitation efforts and creative activities. There were also interventions regarding cooperation with the family and the community where the staff work together with the community to have the patient return to a varied social life. The staff at the psychiatric facility have several ways of working with supporting the patients to participate in society; by individual-based interventions, group-based interventions and cooperation with the family and the community.