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  • Bergqvist, Linda
    et al.
    Nyman, Sara
    ”Man vet aldrig när det går riktigt illa”: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av utsatthet i hemsjukvården2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Health care staff are in many ways vulnerable in their work. Nurses in home care often work alone and in the patients’ home and are therefore more exposed. Threats and violence are common, but the vulnerability can also come from being solely responsible for the nursing care or caring for patients who act erratic. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ experiences of exposure in home care nursing. Methods: The study was a qualitative interview study where thirteen nurses were interviewed. Data was analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: Three categories emerged from the analysis: Feeling undisclosed, Not knowing what/whom to meet and Constant vigilance. In addition to threats and violence, the nurses experienced exposure in forms of loneliness, uncertainty and constant vigilance. Their working environment contributed to experiencing exposure, especially in exposed areas. Support from colleagues and leadership, as well as the nurses own strategies and characteristics, made the exposure easier to handle. Conclusions: Nurses working environment gives a sense of insecurity that is hard to influence. Further research is needed to gain understanding of their situation and experiences of exposure. The home care organization is required to arrange a safer working environment and promote safety in home care nursing.

  • Hjälmdahl, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Norberg, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av palliativ vård i livets slutskede: utifrån ett personcentrerat perspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care is characterized by improving the quality of life in the final stages of life based on a holistic view. The palliative approach covers all patients in the final stages of life, regardless of diagnosis, and the district nurse in home health care gives both practical and emotional support. A person-centered approach in connection with palliative care provides improved quality of life and symptom relief. The person-centered model The 6 S:n promotes the patient's view of himself and his wishes in the nursing.

    Aim: To describe district nurses' experiences of palliative care in the final stage of life in home care, from a person-centered perspective.

    Method: Qualitative with deductive approach. Data collection through two focus group interviews, 12 district nurses. Qualitative content analysis based on The 6 S:n.

    Result: Self-image: The district nurse starts from the individual patient and coordinates efforts for a well-functioning home situation. Self-determination is promoted by the home environment and means shown respect and sensitivity. Social relations are preserved through adaptation and supportive efforts. Symptom relief mainly involves pharmacological interventions. Summary includes conversations which is promoted by the home environment, the relationship with the patient and that the district nurse gives time and attendance. The patient's strategies are respected through adaptation and supportive efforts. The patient's wishes are made possible with the help of relatives and assistant nurses.

    Conclusion: The district nurses focus on and adapt to the patient's needs and resources. The relationship, communication and the home environment promote person-centered approach. The 6 S:n provides support for person-centered care based on a holistic approach.

  • Ali, Shadan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Den muslimskt feministiska utmaningen: En analys av kvinnors framställning i koranen ur ett muslimskt feministiskt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the depiction of women in Quran from an Islamic feminist perspective. The questions that my study is based on are: How is the woman accounted in the Quran according to Islamic feminists? How do Muslim feminists argue and what do they base their reasoning on? My study is based on analyzes of the feminists’ works and statements. The results were analyzed with the help of different theories including Miriam Cookes “multiple critique”, Jan Hjärpes “The Islamic basket”, Jonathan Potters “methodological relativism” and Luckman & Bergers “social construction of reality”. The main result of this study is that it highlights how different Islamic feminists interpret the Quran in relation to the present and how their interpretations have created debates internationally. I also discuss the importance of new interpretations and the globalization for Muslim women.

  • Roksana, Kaniz
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Women in Male-Dominated Industry :The Construction Industry: A Study of Women's Disinterest, Professional & Social Barriers, Walkout from Construction Industry.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Many women experience problems when trying to enter the construction industry and perceive several barriers in professional practice. As a result, day by day women are losing their interest in building their career within this male-dominated industry and diverting towards other professions. The fact that women are showing less interest to work within construction industry and leaving the industry has been found as a major problem. Since in this male dominated industry around ninety percent labour are men and expecting a large numbers of retirement in the future, therefore today’s construction industry has a strong demand for labour. The construction industry’s representatives want to increase the number of women in this trade, but because of the previous reputation and discriminatory work environment it’s become difficult to attract more women. Therefore, to enhance the participation of women in construction trades, it is necessary to understand women’s perceptions about the nature of work and level of satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the job. It is also important to know what kind of changes in the work environment can motivate women not to leave this industry? How to eliminate the barriers in professional practice?         

               

    Purpose: This thesis explores the current position of women in construction industry, and seeks to identify the reasons of women’s disinterest about the industry, job satisfaction and the barriers (professional and social) that compel women to think to change career and leave the construction industry.

     

    Method: This study has been performed through a qualitative interview study based on themes, on the subject of women in male-dominated industry. The research data is collected by conducting semi-structured interviews with professionals from Sweden, the USA, Canada, Latvia, Greece, The Netherlands and Bangladesh. The participants were active within the construction industry, and had the designation of project manager, construction engineer or structural engineer. To analysis the data in this research the Thematic Analysis approach has been adopted.

     

    Findings: The interviewed women stated that the unpleasant work environment, gender discriminatory behaviours from the male colleagues, less career development opportunities, unfair promotion system and unequal salary compel them to rethink about their career choice and leave the construction industry. The results of this study showed that the barriers women face in professional practice also depends on the geographical position and societal culture.     

  • Henriksson, Susanne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sandberg, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Kommunikation med sköra äldre personer: Ur ett distriktssköterskeperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    Background: The number of frail elderlies will increase worldwide. In Sweden, the number of elderly persons over the age of 80 will rise from 500 000 in 2014 to 800 000 in 2030. Increased life expectancy increases the need for municipal health care. In order to meet different needs of the frail elderly persons who live at home, the care needs to be person-centred.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe how the district nurse communicate with frail elderly people in municipal health care.

    Method: A qualitative study with an inductive approach. Interviews were made with 12 district nurses based on a semi-structured interview guide, they were analysed with qualitative content analysis.

    Result: The results show that the district nurses have varied experiences of communication with frail elderly people. When the district nurses communicate with frail elderly person, they encounter various obstacles that they try to find solutions for in order to achieve the goal of respectful treatment in persons-centred care.

    Conclusion: Communication between the district nurse and the frail elderly person is complex with challenges such as lack of time, physical and cognitive impairment in the frail elderly person.

     

  • Granath, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Den postoperativa smärtans inverkan på tidig återhämtning efter stor kirurgi: En empirisk kvantitativ studie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Acute postoperative pain is a common but also expected consequence after surgery that gives negative impact on the following postoperative recovery.

    Study objectives: The purpose was to investigate the average level of self-assessed intensity of pain that gave adult patients problem to rest, sleep or mobilize during the first postoperative day and if men/women, younger/older and surgical or orthopedic patients had different manageable levels of pain related to rest, sleep and mobilization during the early postoperative recovery.

    Design: A quantitative empirical descriptive study was performed from datasets from 479 elective surgical and orthopedic patients.

    Results: The result showed that the orthopedic patients self-assessed higher levels of postoperative pain than the surgical patients, but also that the surgical patients earlier got problems with recovery at low pain levels. 

    Conclusions: The result underlines that pain is a subjective experience and that the pain treatment has to be individualized just to prevent the negative impact of pain but also to enhance the postoperative recovery and improve patient safety.

  • Ahmadi Khanehsaz, Kathayan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av att hantera barns rädsla i samband med vaccination2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Wernersson, Peter
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ovesson, Gertrud
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Omvårdnadspersonalens erfarenheter av utbildning och överlämnande av läkemedel inom äldreomsorgen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of elderly people in the world is increasing steadily. Those who are unable to take their medication themselves are dependent on getting help with this from someone else. In the elderly care, drug delivery to care recipients is carried out by healthcare personnel after they have received delegation for this according to SOSFS 1997:14. The district nurse is responsible for educating and issuing delegations to the healthcare personnel. Patient safety can be jeopardized if the communication between different categories of personnel in elderly care fails, as well as if the education prior to receiving delegation does not provide the necessary knowledge. Aim: The aim was to describe the healthcare personnel’s experiences of drug delegation concerning education and administration in elderly care. Method: The study was conducted as a qualitative study with semi-structured interviews of twelve informants. The material was analysed using content analysis. Results: Four categories emerged: a complex work situation, deficiencies in patient safety, team collaboration and the importance of education and careers experience, with associated subcategories. Stress affects the number of mistakes that are made, and incorrect and unclear documents also contribute to problems, both for the healthcare personnel and the district nurse. The support from their own working group was important, but also the support from the district nurse. The training was sufficient but experienced personnel wanted in-depth knowledge. Conclusion: The study shows that healthcare personnel feel that delegated drug delivery is an important part of their work with the care recipients. The needs of the municipal elderly care control how quickly after employment as delegation for drug delivery is obtained.

  • Strand, Rebecca
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Rösberg, Frida
    Jönköping University.
    Internaliserade problem hos ungdomar i årskurs nio.: En studie med tvärsnittsdesign som tittar på internaliserade problem relaterat till mobbning och föräldraskap.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykisk ohälsa är ett aktuellt ämne inom socialt arbete, men har visat sig vara ett komplext ämne, där orsakerna till psykisk ohälsa är svår att förklara. Psykisk ohälsa grundas i både internaliserade och externaliserade problem. Föreliggande studie kommer fokusera på internaliserade problem vid tal om psykisk ohälsa. Internaliserade problem kan bland annat vara ångestproblematik och nedstämdhet. Forskning inom området har i ett antal studier fokuserat på relation mellan barn och förälder som en eventuell orsak till ungdomens psykiska ohälsa. Däremot finns det bristfällig forskning kring utsättning av mobbning och utveckling av psykisk ohälsa. Syftet till vår studie är att belysa olika samband kring ungdomens psykiska ohälsa i relation till mobbning och föräldraskap, samt att knyta ihop det med en teoretisk utgångspunkt, där tre olika behov, autonomi/självbestämmande, kompetens och samhörighet, ligger i fokus som är centrala aspekter för att en psykisk ohälsa inte ska utvecklas. Aktuell studie har samlat in material från Longitudional Research on Development in Adolescence (LoRDIA). Studien kommer använda sig utav kvantitativ data från 1 357 ungdomar i årskurs nio. För att ta reda på vilka samband som existerar mellan ungdomars psykiska ohälsa, mobbning och föräldraskap har studiens data analyserats med hjälp av Pearson’s korrelationsanalys, oberoende t-test och Hierarkisk multivariat regressionsanalys. Resultatet visar att psykisk ohälsa existerar låg grad hos både flickor och pojkar. Resultatet visar på att mobbningen och föräldraskap har påverkan på ungdomars psykiska ohälsa både hos flickor och pojkar. Studiens centrala fynd är att de ungdomar som utsätts för mobbning uttrycker psykisk ohälsa samtidigt som att om ungdomar upplever sig kontrollerade så uttrycker de psykisk ohälsa, speciellt när det kommer till pojkar. Öppen kommunikationen mellan ungdomarna och föräldrarna påverkar den psykiska ohälsan på ett gynnande sätt, där kommunikation kan anses som en skyddsfaktor för att psykisk ohälsa inte ska utvecklas hos både flickor och pojkar. Resultatet diskuteras i diskussionen kopplat till tidigare forskning där mobbning och föräldraskap visar sig ha liknande resultat och kan där med relateras till varandra. 

  • Abraham, Daniella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Moayed Babke, Mariana
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Varför stannar hon?: En kvalitativ studie av kvarhållande mekanismer i biografiska skildringar av kvinnors erfarenheter av mäns våld i nära relation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Persson, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Sandoval, Bianca
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress bland enhetschefer.: En kvantitativ studie om hur olika stressfaktorer påverkar upplevelsen av arbetsrelaterad stress för enhetschefer inom kommunal äldre- och funktionshinderomsorg.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Middle managers is the name of the professional group who is responsible for institutions that are run by the Social Service Act and Act concerning Support and Service for Persons with Certain Functional impairments. They work in a politically controlled organization with the municipal social welfare committee as the outsourcer. Middle managers are identified as a profession with a high workload and a higher risk of being exposed to stress, in comparison with other occupational groups with a leading position. The aim of the study is to examine how various stressors contribute to work-related stress. The method is a quantitative survey with the aim of reaching out to more people and to get a larger overview of the middle managers work situation. The study has been carried out in a medium-sized Swedish municipality, where all middle managers in municipal elderly and disability care were selected. The result shows that the stressors that contribute most to work-related stress are the high workload in relation to working time and a lack of opportunity to fulfill the client’s wishes.

  • Jungmalm, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hadarsson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lämpligt och olämpligt föräldraskap2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Arps, Jan-Philipp
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Understanding Cryptocurrencies from a Sustainable Perspective: Investigating cryptocurrencies by developing and applying an integrated sustainability framework2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the invention of the cryptocurrency Bitcoin in 2009, the world's first blockchain application was developed. While academic research gradually begins to investigate cryptocurrencies more closely and attempt to understand their functioning, technology is rapidly evolving and ecosystems grow exponentially. The research is still scattered and chaotic and has not produced common guidelines. Therefore, the question remains: how sustainable cryptocurrencies and their digital ecosystems are.Only a few models and frameworks take a holistic view on digital sustainability. Only two frameworks were identified that take distributed ledger technologies (blockchain) or cryptocurrencies into consideration: the three governance strategies for digital sustainability of Linkov et al. (2018) and 10 basic conditions of sustainable digital artifacts according to Stuermer, Abu-Tayeh and Myrach (2016). These two frameworks were combined into a new integrated sustainability framework for cryptocurrencies. The developed integrated sustainability framework consists of four dimensions and 12 categories.Existing secondary data, self-conducted social media interviews and practical insights gained through an ASIC mining experiment were used to fill the framework with sufficient data. It confirms Bitcoin's sustainability problems in energy consumption and scalability, highlights Ethereum's great potential as a blockchain platform and explains the higher scalability and faster payment of Ripple and IOTA.While 2017 marked the temporary peak of the cryptocurrency hype, 2018 was a transformative year in which the leading cryptocurrencies were increasingly occupying more specialised niches.

  • Karlsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Arvidson, Kerstin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Vardagskommunikation och sexuella riskbeteenden: En kvantitativ studie från forskningsprojektet LoRDIA2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexuality is a natural part of life which every individual explores and must learn how relate to. The sexual exploration may also cause a risk both to physical but also to the mental health. The risks may, for example, be unfavourable searching for confirmation, proximity or status, but may also be to share intimate images or exchange sexual favours for economical compensations. Sexuality can become a tool to dominate, oppress and/or offend other people. The socialization process, that is, the social interaction that takes place between the child and their family is described as the base for how the child develops his/her own characteristic and how they integrate with their surroundings. This study examines at how communication between parents and child looks and is experienced, whether there is any connection with how the child exposes themselves and/or others to sexual risk behaviours and if there is any difference between the sexes. The study is a quantitative analysis in which the sample consists of young people who are in 9th grade (N=1357). The data is collected by the ongoing longitudinal program LoRDIA (Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence). This study indicates that there is a statistically significant relationship between youths who communicate with their parents and shows less sexual risk behaviours. The results also demonstrate that girls show a higher frequency of sexual risk behaviour. There is also a significant difference between how girls and boys experience the communication to custodians and that girls have a higher tendency to be affected by the custodians' rules and control than what boys do.

  • Wilterhag, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Forsell, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    För barnets skull: En kvalitativ intervjustudie kring dagbarnvårdares förhållningssätt till anmälningsplikt och orosanmälningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study ten qualitative interviews were conducted with professional home daycare providers in a Swedish municipality. The aim of the study is to explore home daycare providers approach and attitudes towards their mandatory reporting and to find out if there are any factors that affects their decision of reporting to the child protective service. With a thematic analysis four main themes were found; Where is the limit, The support from the organization, Private and professional and Black on white. Where is the limit implies that there is a difficulty of making a decision when to report child maltreatment to the child protective service and how to discover child maltreatment. The support of the organization includes support from the manager and colleagues in the process of reporting. Privat and professional includes the experienced dilemma of being private and professional at the same time. Black on white intend to discuss the need of getting more knowledge and education regarding mandatory reporting as well as signs of maltreatment. The result has been analyzed with previous research and the theory of action and discretion.

  • Saenyi, Betty
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Opportunities and challenges of Big Data Analytics in healthcare: An exploratory study on the adoption of big data analytics in the Management of Sickle Cell Anaemia.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With increasing technological advancements, healthcare providers are adopting electronic health records (EHRs) and new health information technology systems. Consequently, data from these systems is accumulating at a faster rate creating a need for more robust ways of capturing, storing and processing the data. Big data analytics is used in extracting insight form such large amounts of medical data and is increasingly becoming a valuable practice for healthcare organisations. Could these strategies be applied in disease management? Especially in rare conditions like Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)? The study answers the following research questions;1. What Data Management practices are used in Sickle Cell Anaemia management?2. What areas in the management of sickle cell anaemia could benefit from use of big data Analytics?3. What are the challenges of applying big data analytics in the management of sickle cell anaemia?Purpose: The purpose of this research was to serve as pre-study in establishing the opportunities and challenges of applying big data analytics in the management of SCDMethod: The study adopted both deductive and inductive approaches. Data was collected through interviews based on a framework which was modified specifically for this study. It was then inductively analysed to answer the research questions.Conclusion: Although there is a lot of potential for big data analytics in SCD in areas like population health management, evidence-based medicine and personalised care, its adoption is not a surety. This is because of lack of interoperability between the existing systems and strenuous legal compliant processes in data acquisition.

  • Jonsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Dahlgren, Terese
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    ETT KALLBADHUS FUNKTIONER OCH BYGGTEKNISKA LÖSNINGAR FÖR DET NORDISKA KLIMATET2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this work is to investigate what knowledge there is to gather about choices of functions and construction solutions for a cold bath building. Recommended solutions for piling as the foundation suitable for the Nordic climate will be presented in order to prevent more cold baths to demolish. Functions included in today's cold baths will also be presented to give a general overlook over recently built cold bath houses. The questions chosen for this work is: (1) Which construction solutions about foundation for a cold bath house is suitable for the Nordic climate? (2) Which functions are included in recently built cold bath houses in Sweden and what are the differences between the buildings? (3) What knowledge is there to collect from recent cold bath house projects in Sweden?

    Method: This work consists of a qualitative study with a case study as an approach consisting of a literature study encircling recent research, document analysis of floor plans and interviews with construction engineers.

    Findings: The answer to the first question about suitable construction solutions is that the most suitable material to choose for piles is steel. A safety precaution can be to fill the steel piles with concrete because of the corrosion of steel. An enclosing plastic bore can protect the piles from the effect of ice on the piles. The slab of the building should be in concrete to manage the strains of the ocean, wind and moisture.

    Question number two is about the functions of the visited cold baths included in this work. One thing all the cold baths had in common was the symmetric division between the sections for the ladies and the gentlemen. The sections include changing rooms, showers, toilets and saunas. A bistro was also encountered which creates a meeting place where people can spend time together and then can create an interest in cold baths.

    The third question presents a picture of what knowledge there is to gather about recently built cold baths. The most important factors to take into account is to divide the work of the construction of the piling foundation and the house building so that the professionals can handle the piling foundation, choose maintenance-free materials and the challenge to build on water when there is no solid ground to stand on.

    Implications: This work presents solutions to gather about what knowledge there is to collect about the choices of functions and construction solutions for the piling foundation of a cold bath. A further research question about cold bath houses is if the building needs to stand on piles or if it could be a floating building.The building foundation is critical for a cold bath house and should be handled by professionals. Piles of steel manage the Nordic climate and its difficulties much better than wood. Ice has the most effect on the piles though both horizontal and vertical loadsand should be taken to a concern. The cold bath houses today have a resemblance the older generation cold bath houses in the choices of functions and shape. A recommendation is to add more functions in addition to the traditional functions if the aim is to attract new visitors to the cold bath house.

    Limitations: A general result has been presented through a range of articles, objects, documents and choice of respondents included in this work.

    Keywords: A research was made about subjects like "construction of piling in water"."piling methods" "reaction between water and construction materials", "history of spa" and "development of functions in spa".

  • Ma, Christina Zong-Hao
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
    Lee, Winson
    Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
    Zheng, Yong-Ping
    Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
    Foot orthosis could improve elderly balance and gait control by changing plantar mechanical stimulations2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Plantar sensory input is a crucial component of proprioceptive system, which is important for maintaining balance and gait control. Foot orthoses with arch supports, metatarsal pads, and heel cups are traditionally prescribed to correct/compensate foot deformity and relieve foot pain in patients. It was reported that upon achieving these therapeutic functions, the body balance could also be enhanced [1]. However, the underlying mechanism of such balance improvement and the effect of foot orthoses on dynamic balance and gait in healthy adults without foot pain/deformity remained unclear.

    In this study, we applied custom-fitted foot orthoses with arch supports, metatarsal pads and heel cups among elderly people. The gait variability decreased after using them, suggesting that they were effective in improving elderly balance and gait control.

    Aim: This study aimed to identify the underlying mechanism of balance improvement upon using foot orthoses by investigating the relationship between plantar mechanical stimulations and dynamic balance in healthy older adults without foot pain or deformity.

    Method: Foot orthoses with medial arch supports, metatarsal pads and heel cups (Fig.1) were provided and fitted for healthy older adults by a Certified Orthotist. Subjects then performed over-ground walking while wearing 1) flat insoles (control), or 2) foot orthoses with arch supports, metatarsal pads, and heel cups. The sequence of 2 experimental conditions was randomized, and each condition was repeated 3 times consecutively. Commercially available flat insoles and pads (Foot Specialist Footcare & Products Co. Ltd, HK) were made of medium firm (15-20 Shore A Hardness) ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA). An in-shoe plantar pressure measurement system (PedarTM, novel GmbH, Munich, DE) was used to measure subject’s plantar pressure distribution and gait parameters in 2 experimental conditions. The variability of gait parameters was calculated.

    Results: Four healthy male older adults (aged 72±4.7 years, height 166.7±29.3 cm, and weight 73.8±4.1 kg) without foot pain/deformity participated in this study. The foot orthosis re-distributed plantar pressure at metatarsal heads, lateral foot and heel to the medial longitudinal arch, metatarsal shafts and margin of the heel (Fig.2). Additionally, the contact area between foot and support surface also increased during walking while wearing custom-fitted foot orthosis as compared to wearing flat insoles (Fig.2). The variability of contact area, maximum ground reaction force, and peak plantar pressure during walking decreased while wearing foot orthosis in participants, indicating reduced gait variability (Fig.3). Subjects also verbally reported that the comfortableness while wearing foot orthosis was higher than wearing flat insoles.

    Discussion & Conclusion: Reduced gait variability is associated with improved dynamic balance performance and reduced risk of falls in older adults. In this study, foot orthosis improved dynamic balance and gait control by changing mechanical stimulations at plantar foot. More specially, foot orthosis  re-distributed plantar pressure to the medial longitudinal arch, metatarsal shafts and margin of the heel, where reveal higher sensitivity to mechanical stimulations [2]; and enlarged the contact area between plantar foot and support surface. The changed plantar mechanical stimulations enhanced sensory input at plantar surface of foot, and consequently improved dynamic balance and gait performance.

    This study revealed that foot orthoses with arch supports, metatarsal pads, and heel cups could improve dynamic balance and gait control in healthy older adults without foot pain or deformity, and further provided evidence about the underlying mechanism of balance and gait improvement. This potentially provided a cost-effective approach to reduce risk of falls and inspired future research in this field.

  • Sepuka, Nicolina
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Kellett, Alexander
    Jönköping University.
    Att leva med depressiva symtom vid hjärt- och kärlsjukdom: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ma, Christina Zong-Hao
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.
    Ling, Yan To
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
    Shea, Queenie Tsung Kwan
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
    Wang, Li-Ke
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
    Wang, Xiao-Yun
    GuangdongWork Injury Rehabilitation Center.
    Zheng, Yong-Ping
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
    Towards Wearable Comprehensive Capture and Analysis of Skeletal Muscle Activity during Human Locomotion2019In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Motion capture and analyzing systems are essential for understanding locomotion. However, the existing devices are too cumbersome and can be used indoors only. A newly-developed wearable motion capture and measurement system with multiple sensors and ultrasound imaging was introduced in this study. Methods: In ten healthy participants, the changes in muscle area and activity of gastrocnemius, plantarflexion and dorsiflexion of right leg during walking were evaluated by the developed system and the Vicon system. The existence of significant changes in a gait cycle, comparison of the ankle kinetic data captured by the developed system and the Vicon system, and test-retest reliability (evaluated by the intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC) in each channel’s data captured by the developed system were examined. Results: Moderate to good test-retest reliability of various channels of the developed system (0.512 ≤ ICC ≤ 0.988, p < 0.05), significantly high correlation between the developed system and Vicon system in ankle joint angles (0.638R ≤ 0.707, p < 0.05), and significant changes in muscle activity of gastrocnemius during a gait cycle (p < 0.05) were found. Conclusion: A newly developed wearable motion capture and measurement system with ultrasound imaging that can accurately capture the motion of one leg was evaluated in this study, which paves the way towards real-time comprehensive evaluation of muscles and joint motions during different activities in both indoor and outdoor environments.

  • Kjellberg, Jimmi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Fjorton år gammal kom grabben i fängelse: En mikrohistorisk studie över ett barns livsberättelse från Gulag2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sikiric, Emina
    Jönköping University.
    Bilden av drottning Kristina: En kvalitativ läromedelsanalys utifrån ett genusperspektiv av historieläroböcker för gymnasiet mellan 1906–20182019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande studie undersöks drottning Kristina i tio historieläroböcker mellan 1907–2018 utifrån ett genusperspektiv.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur drottning Kristina framställs samt huruvida bilden av henne har förändrats eller bibehållits i läromedlen. Tidigare forskning har visat att det finns en manlig överrepresentation i läroböckerna. Det manliga perspektivet får ett stort utrymme medan kvinnorna inte finns integrerade i texten utan förklaras i egna avsnitt.

    Metoden som har använts är en kvalitativ textanalys utifrån Staffan Selander. Studiens teoretiska ramverk utgörs av Yvonne Hirdmans genussystem samt av Karin Tegenborg Falkdalens ”drottningens två kroppar”.

    I resultatet framgår det att bilden av drottning Kristina har gått från att beskriva hennes regeringsperiod och personlighet på ett negativt sätt till att i de allra senaste läroböckerna beskriva henne som drottningen som bröt könsnormerna. Det märks tydligt i de två sista läroböckerna hur man väljer att anlägga ett genusperspektiv i beskrivningen av drottning Kristina, något som helt saknas i de övriga läroböckerna. En ökad genusmedvetenhet i de sista läroböckerna är något som tydligt framgår i läroböckerna.

  • Mousa, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Historiebruk som vapen: En studie om IS historiebruk i tidskrifterna Dabiq & Rumiyah2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien presenteras undersökning som gjorts inom ramen för ett historiebruk med fokus på IS tidskrifter, där en textanalytisk undersökningsmetod har legat till grund för studien. Syftet med denna analys har varit att undersöka Islamiska statens historiebruk i tidskrifterna Dabiq och Rumiyah med tonvikt på dess motståndare.

    Frågeställningar som denna studie har behandlat sammanfattas enligt följande:

    • Hur använder IS historien för att rättfärdiga sitt handlande gentemot sina motståndare?

    • Hur och vilka framställs som motståndare i IS tidskrifter?

    • Vilka kopplingar finns det i IS tidskrifter mellan vår nutid och händelser i vår dåtid?

    Studien har visat hur IS historiebruk har påverkat synen på motståndarna. Med IS tidskrifter har det historiska vapnet kunnat användas genom historiska texter, händelser, ord samt personer. Således har IS skräck-propaganda påverkat individers tolkning av historiska källor där haditherna samt Koranens relevans har bidragit till motståndarnas exekution. Med hjälp av historia kan organisationen ifrågasätta motståndarnas tro för att stärka sin egen ideologi. Artiklarna använder historiska ord för att stärka föraktet men även bygga upp en gemensam tradition där historiebruket rättfärdigar handlandet mot motståndarna. Resultatet visar att motståndarbilden består av korsfarare, shiamuslimer, murtaddin samt mushrikin som med hjälp av ett historiebruk ur islams historia stärker IS identitet samt tillväxt.

  • Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    La pareja en la vejez: el caso de Suecia2018In: Panorama Social, ISSN 1699-6852, E-ISSN 2254-3449, no 28, p. 117-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [es]

    Los patrones domésticos y rasgos demográficos de las personas mayores han cambiado en la mayoría de los países occidentales durante las últimas décadas. El ejemplo más claro de esta tendencia general es tal vez Suecia, cuyo caso se examina en el presente trabajo. Los mayores suecos conviven cada vez más a menudo con su pareja únicamente y cada vez menos con los hijos u otras personas. De hecho, la cantidad de personas mayores solas ha disminuido recientemente en Suecia, ante el avance de las que viven en pareja, ya sea dentro o fuera del matrimonio. Puesto que los hombres y las mujeres mayores asumen a menudo con igual dedicación el cuidado de sus parejas cuando no hay otros convivientes en el hogar, la generalización de tales hogares se convierte en un factor primordial para la atención a la dependencia. Lo cierto es que las personas mayores ya proporcionan una parte sustancial del total de los cuidados familiares en Suecia.

  • Öhlund, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Nestor, William
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    ”Jaha, då föll polletten ner hos mig i alla fall, det är lite stereotyper här också”: En kvalitativ receptionsstudie av Elons reklamfilmer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to highlight the recipients' interpretations of the advertising message in the field of TV advertising, and its inclusion of regional stereotypes. Through the application of a reception study, where both a semiotic analysis and respondent interviews are presented, contributes the study to continued discussion within recipient studies. The material for the semiotic analysis is two commercials from Elon's commercial series published in 2012, named Elon Norrland and Elon Småland. These are used as material for the interviews in order to be able to produce the empirical material from the respondents. Different theories were used to steer the essay in the right direction, including semiotics with the relevant concepts of denotation, connotation and myth. The concept of stereotype is also of great importance to the thesis. Polysemy is also included as a theory and together with Hall's three codes; dominant, negotiating and oppositional, the answers from the interviews are divided thematically into several categories. The semiotic analysis resulted in a discovery of interconnecting chains that together contribute to a notion of and the creation of the regional stereotypes Norrland and Småland. In the second part of the reception study, the respondent interviews, the result showed that most respondents saw the advertisements as humorous and many also recognized the regional stereotypes, this can be interpreted as the dominant view. Furthermore, it appeared that everyone does not choose to fully accept the messages that were displayed, but rather negotiate with the message and what the advertisement wants to convey. And lastly some respondents emerged to oppose to these stereotypes and rejected them. We can state that there is a polysemic picture of the audience's interpretation.

  • Ernsth Bravell, Gunnar
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    The Super-Male and the Super-Female: Gender Criticism in Watchmen2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to analyze if the graphic novel Watchmen criticizes the conventions of the superhero comic genre in regards to gender. The literary theory applied is gender studies. The essay examines the visual portrayal of male and female characters, as well as the male-dominated narrative. The novel does, to some extent, satirize the genre conventions. This can be seen in the hyperbolic visual portrayals of the characters, as well as the comments made on them. However, as there is a lack of self-aware criticism, the novel could not be considered as a satire of the visual representation of genders within the genre, but rather a reinforcement of them. Furthermore, the male-dominated narrative is present in Watchmen, and Laurie could be seen as satirizing this genre convention, as she is a hyperbolic interpretation of the girlfriend archetype. However, there is little change or self-aware critique against the genre norms here as well, thus it cannot be considered satire. Laurie does, however, show criticism of the violence against women within the genre by making a number of comments on the attempted rape of her mother. This may not be satire but she does provide commentary of this trope. In conclusion, while there are instances of criticism, the novel as a whole cannot be considered satire of the superhero genre.

  • Bui, Hang
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lind, Othilia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Kvinnors upplevelser efter mastektomi vid bröstcancer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerdiagnosen hos kvinnor. Den primära behandlingen för bröstcancer är kirurgi. Ett kirurgiskt ingrepp kan vara en mastektomi vilket innebär att hela bröstet tas bort. Alla kvinnor har en egen livsvärld, därför är alla upplevelser individuella. Syfte: Kvinnors upplevelser efter mastektomi vid bröstcancer. Metod: En litteraturöversikt där resultatet grundades på tio artiklar som var kvalitativa. En induktiv ansats användes. Resultat: Resultatet visar att kvinnor som har genomgått en mastektomi upplever en förändrad kroppsbild vilket resulterat i en dålig självkänsla. Mastektomin ledde till en upplevelse av en förändrad sexualitet, kvinnorna upplevde att kvinnligheten försvann med det borttagna bröstet och intima relationer påverkades. Kvinnorna upplevde även acceptans då sjukdomen försvann med det borttagna bröstet. Slutsats: Resultatet ger kunskap om vad kvinnor upplever efter en mastektomi. Anpassat stöd och förståelse från sjuksköterskor kan förbättra den individuella livskvalitén för kvinnorna.

  • Ahmann, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. 1995.
    Strandberg, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva i en hemmiljö med döden närvarande: Närståendes upplevelser av palliativ hemsjukvård2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: How a person chooses to live the last time in life, as well as how the person decides to die has a major impact on their relatives. The goal of palliative care is to improve the quality of life for both patient and relatives. Nowadays relatives are expected to take the role as a caregiver. Purpose: The purpose of the literature review was to describe the relatives’ experiences of palliative home care. Method: A qualitative literature review with an inductive approach was based on 14 scientific articles. The article search was made in CINAHL and Medline. Result: The result was presented in seven sub themes that generated three main themes; To adopt a healthcare role, Restrictions in everyday life and Need for Support. Relatives saw their role as a matter of necessity despite the changes that followed. Insufficiency, isolation and loneliness were feelings that emerged. A well-established relation with home care professionals reduced these feelings. Conclusion: The need for support, good relations, information, safety and participating were factors that affected the experience of palliative home care. Home nursing staff enabled this by applying family-focused nursing care. 

  • Karlsson, Ebba
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Alstermark, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Din smärta är psykosomatisk: Personers upplevelser av att leva med Ehlers-Danlos syndrom2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Andersson, Joakim
    et al.
    Westerberg, Christina
    Icke-verbal kommunikation i en vårdkontext: en litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Society has high expectations for both good patient safety and quality of care. In order to achieve a good person-centered and patient-safe health care, collaboration must take place on an interpersonal level. Non-verbal communication is important for maintaining a safe care as it represents between 55 and 97 percent of our communication, which is considered more influential than verbal communication.The purpose of the thesis was to describe how non-verbal communication is performed and examine the effect in a care context. A literature review has been carried out where thirteen articles with a quantitative approach have been used and analyzed according to Polit and Beck's nine-step model to create an overview of the state of knowledge.The result showed several effects such as increased patient satisfaction, empathy, subdued anxiety, subjective pain experience, thoughtfulness and understanding. Treatment can be interpreted in different ways and it is therefore important that as a nurse understand that even small non-verbal expressions, conscious as unconscious, can lead to misunderstandings. It is important that nurses inform themselves about each patient in order to more easily understand how non-verbal communication can be conveyed and interpreted.

  • Eklund, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Abrahamsson, Martina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva med stomi: - en litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Inför en stomioperation behövs stöttning och god information då personer som lever med stomi behöver anpassa kosten till stomi, lära sig stomibandagering och vara uppmärksam på eventuella komplikationer.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva upplevelser av att leva med stomi. 

    Metod: Litteraturöversikt som bygger på artiklar med kvalitativ design. Elva artiklar blev godkända efter en kvalitetsgranskning för att säkerställa hög kvalité.  

    Resultat: I resultatet framkom tre huvudkategorier och nio underkategorier.  Förändring i det vardagliga livet med underkategorier med underkategorierna; Inskränkningar i vardagliga praktiska aktiviteter, Positiv och negativ påverkan på det sociala livet och Positiv och negativ påverkan på sexualiteten. Förändrade känslor med underkategorier; Att få en förändrad självkänsla, Rädsla och oro och Att acceptera stomin. Stöd från omgivningen med underkategorier, Att få ett bra bemötande av vårdpersonal, Vikten av att få relevant information och Att få stöd av anhöriga.

    Slutsats: Att leva med en stomi kan vara en utmaning och leda till en sviktande självkänsla. Det kan också vara en lättnad då personer blir fria från tidigare svåra sjukdomar. Stöd av anhöriga är väsentligt för att bearbeta och acceptera sin stomi. Vårdpersonal bör visa respekt för att varje individs upplevelse av stomi är individuell.

  • Skogefors, Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Johansson, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Behov av stöd. Patienter med reumatoid artrit.: En litteraturöversikt.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic and an autoimmune disease that effect the joints through inflmmation whick can lead to destruction of the joints. The disease can lead to both psysical and mental constraints such as pain, fatigue and depression which can lead to a reduced well-being.

    Aim: The purpose was to highlight what support patients with rheumatoid arthritis wish of the nurse.

    Method: The purpose was to examined throoug a literture review of scientific articles with a qualitative method. The result was based on ten scientific articles. In the analysis process, Friberg´s  five-step model was used. 

    Result: The results of the literature review revealed three main categories that showed what support patients wants from the nurse; to create security, to communicate, to see the individual and then nine subcategories that develop the main categories.

    Conclusions: The literature review shows that the nurse can support patients with rheumatoid arthritis in different ways with the base of creating security, communicating and seeing the individual. 

  • Reijo, Ken
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Kåhre, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Code analysis: Uncovering hidden problems in a codebase by commits to a version control system2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The starting point of this study was to locate efficient and inefficient code in a codebase to improve upon it, as a request from a company. To help with their request a book was used by author Adam Tornhill who has made several methods (also called analysis methods) for this purpose. They all use different variables that locate problems in the code. A web application was developed to use these variables. It was speculated that relationships between the variables may be missing which could improve the analysis methods and in turn uncover efficient and inefficient code better.

    The main scientific purpose and contribution was therefore to discover associations between the specific variables presented by Adam Tornhill. A question derived from this purpose:  

    ● Are there correlations with variables among existing analysis methods and in that case, what are they?

    Method – To answer the question posed, a closer look on the variables was needed to see which ones had a potential connection. After that empirical data of the chosen variables was gathered in the form of quantitative data from 7 open source projects from two years back. This was done by fetching commits from git, called commit history, and presenting the data in a suitable way in form of graphs. In the end the graphs were reviewed to detect possible patterns and then statistical formulas (Pearson's correlation coefficient) were used to calculate the exact correlation between the variables. A significance level was set at 0,001 and then p-value calculated. Median and mean value of the correlation coefficients of projects with p-value less than the significance level were also calculated.

    Findings – Two variables were inspected in the end, number of authors and number of logical couplings for the same file, and were made into a new analysis method with a graph. Through the graph analysis the methods seem to vary together. The graph shows a clear pattern that as more people work a module the more logical couplings will increase. For 6 out of 7 of the projects analyzed, the p-value was less than the significance level set from the beginning, meaning 6 coefficients were highly statistically significant. It was only for five out of these 6 that a positive coefficient was calculated. For the 6 projects with p-value less than significance the mean correlation coefficient was 0.41 and median 0.63, which both indicate a positive correlation between number of authors and number of logical couplings.

    Implications – Projects that have several people working on a module should watch out for logical couplings on that same module. Perhaps preventative measures can be made to ensure that people watch out for these logical couplings as more people start working on a module. Limitations – Only two analysis methods and their variables were inspected for further determination of a correlation, and there could be more correlations that are missing. Furthermore, the 7 projects that were used as data were open source and therefore the result from this study may not be the same as for closed source projects.

  • Robertson, Kylie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Climate change discourse in Canadian print media: A quantitative and qualitative analysis of print media from two Canadian regions2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last 30 years, awareness of anthropogenic climate change has increased and quickly become the one of the most pressing issues facing our planet. Canada is both a nation that has contributed to the acceleration of the climate problem and one that aims to help address the issues through commitments to global climate accords and other accountability actions.

    Global journalism is both a theory and practice born of the evolution of our world into a more global collective. Climate change, as a problem that is faced by every nation in the world, is one subject matter area that has been difficult to report on in the past but more necessary than ever to discuss. It is crucial work for journalists to normalize the connections between people, places, problems, and how they are interrelated throughout the world.

    This thesis aims to explore the presence or absence of global journalism in two different regions of Canada: Alberta and Ontario, represented by the cities of Calgary and Ottawa. Through quantitative and qualitative analysis, articles that mention“climate change” or “global warming” over a six-month period in 2015 are collected and catalogued. The quantitative data provides a macro view of the amount and kinds of discourse taking place in each city around the topics of climate change and global warming, giving a sense of the scale and framing of the issue. Four of these articles and two headlines are then reviewed through the lens of critical discourse analysis for their choice of words, quotations, the voices that are present and absent, and the local coherence of the article. Collectively, this information is collated and reviewed to argue for the presence or absence of global journalism in the reporting.

    The final results should a stark difference in the representation of climate change in Calgary and Ottawa. There are promising signs of global journalism in action throughout the Calgary Herald, while the Ottawa Citizen has missed opportunities to reflect the same global perspective.

  • Maier, Benedikt Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Beyond the Turkish Paradox: Local and Translocal Identity Formation of University Students in post-referendum Istanbul2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the country of Turkey has seen both political and economic turbulences. University students frequently were central players in anti-government protest, displaying significant levels of discontent with the status quo. In 2018, the first elections after the constitutional referendum was held, ringing in a new era for Turkey.

    This research aims to find out, how this new reality affects the identity and identity formation of university students in Istanbul. To do that, the study employs the concepts of social identity and identity formation as well as local and translocal spatiality.

    For that, an ethnographic study was conducted. The study follows 7 university students from Istanbul through their daily life and processes oral accounts, observational data and artifacts - both from a personal and general context.

    The analysis reveals, how students construct their identities reflexively in opposition to a perceived threat by a majority identity. Students spatialize their identity both in relation to the local spaces of Istanbul - and translocal spaces employing modern communication tools. The identity of students is primarily contested through the sociopolitical – but also the urban-capitalistic realities of living in Istanbul.

  • Nilsson, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Stranne Stark, Lars
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Optimala vinkeln vid 3D skanning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbete på kandidatnivå som behandlar 3D skanning vid olika vinklar och de resultat de ger vid olika avstånd.

  • Ramalingaiah, Shreyank
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ravikumar, Aswin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Developing a standard pre-setup procedure for machines2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To find success for manufacturing companies in the global market they need to meet and satisfy customer demands rapidly and productively. Therefore, many manufacturing companies are implementing lean techniques and tools to reduce waste and achieve their production targets. The decrease in setup time process using pre-setup configuration helps in increase production rate and machine availability. The key rules of the pre-setup concept are to reduce time in the setup of the machine, decrease unnecessary transportation of setup tools and clear instruction for the machine setup operator. The pre-setup concept can be easily and quickly adopted into current setup process. The improvements from the pre-setup process can be noticed in machine availability and reduce in setup time process in a short period of time to achieve the targeted production rate. This research presents a methodology to assess the pre-setup process in a manufacturing system. This research is divided into two parts, wherein the first part the problems and area in which setup can be improved are identified and in the second solution for the identified problem is presented. The study is carried out using two research methods they are a literature review and case study. The literature review assessment criteria for each characteristic of pre-setup is noted down and solution for the identified problems are developed.

  • Fornander, Linnea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Gillek, Josefin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att vara anhörig till en person med demenssjukdom- en litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I Sverige finns det runt 130 000 – 150 000 människor som lider av någon form av demensdiagnos. Utifrån den siffran kan slutsatsen dras att det finns minst lika många anhöriga. Anhöriga till en person med demenssjukdom kan drabbas av nedsatt välbefinnande, samt påverkas emotionellt av att ta ansvar över omvårdnaden.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva upplevelsen av att vara anhörig till en person med demenssjukdom. 

    Metod: Kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats i en litteraturöversikt som grundar sig på 15 vetenskapliga studier.

    Resultat: I resultatet identifieras tre huvudkategorier av anhörigas upplevelser vilka var: Väcker känslor, Relationer förändras och Viktigt att hålla sig frisk. Resultatet visade att anhöriga upplevde många negativa känslor i omvårdnadsarbetet.

    Slutsats: Anhöriga behöver involveras i omvårdnadsarbetet i enlighet med den Familjefokuserade omvårdnadsmodellen för att minska de negativa upplevelserna av att vara anhörig till en person med demenssjukdom.

  • Allstrin, Ester
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ericsson, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    En livsomvälvande händelse: Hur stroke påverkar hälsa och välbefinnande - En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att insjukna i stroke innebär en förändrad livssituation både för den som drabbats av stroke men också dess anhöriga. Fysiskt, psykiskt, socialt och existentiellt välbefinnande är faktorer som påverkar situationen och sjuksköterskan har en väsentlig roll i att stötta patienten under rehabiliteringen. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva hur patienter upplevde hälsa och välbefinnande efter stroke. Metod: En litteraturstudie med kvalitativ design där 12 olika kvalitativa artiklar har analyserats. Resultat: Fyra olika kategorier presenterades utifrån begreppet hälsa: fysiskt, psykiskt, socialt och existentiellt välbefinnande vilka var faktorer som påverkades efter att en patient insjuknat i stroke. Faktorer som påverkade patientens hälsa och välbefinnande negativt var nedsatt mobilitet, ätsvårigheter, fatigue, isolering, minskade sociala relationer och oförmåga att kunna arbeta medan faktorer som påverkade patienten positivt var stöd från familjen, betydelsefulla aktiviteter och förbättrade hälsovanor. Slutsats: Litteraturöversikten bidrar med kunskap om patienters upplevelser efter att ha insjuknat i stroke, vilket ger vårdpersonal och andra människor i patienternas omgivning förutsättningar för att de lättare ska kunna bemöta patienter som insjuknat i stroke.

  • Karlsson, Jasmine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ryman Westman, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    En förändrad livskamrat: En litteraturöversikt om anhörigas upplevelse av Alzheimers sjukdom2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Karlsson, Angelica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Jansson, Rebecca
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Vikten av att smärtan tas på allvar: En litteraturöversikt om långvarig smärta och mötet med vårdpersonal2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ett kriterium för att smärta ska kallas långvarig är att den har pågått under mer än tre månader och kan begränsa det vardagliga livet.  Behandlingen syftar till att hjälpa personen att ta mer kontroll över sitt liv, där omvårdnaden läggs på en personnivå. Sjuksköterskan har en betydande roll i smärtbehandlingen, eftersom bemötandet till dessa personer kan påverka smärtsituationen och öka förutsättningarna för en god balans i livet. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva hur personer med långvarig smärta upplever mötet med sjuksköterskan. Metod: Litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats, baserad på elva kvalitativa artiklar som har analyserats enligt Fribergs analysmodell. Resultat: Ur resultatet framkom det både positiva- och negativa upplevelser av mötet med sjuksköterskan. Analysen resulterade därför i två huvudkategorier; Att uppleva bekräftelsens betydelse och Att inte bli bekräftad.  Slutsats: Personer med långvarig smärta upplever att smärtproblematiken blir bekräftad om ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt används. En personcentrerad omvårdnad bidrar till en ökad delaktighet och kan främja känslan av kontroll och lindra den långvariga smärtan.

  • Karlsson, Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Se mig och låt mig berätta.: Vårdtagares erfarenheter av överrapportering vid sängkanten. En litteraturöversikt.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Dagens vårdtagare efterfrågar information och delaktighet i sin vård och behandling, trots detta sker den traditionella överrapporteringen utan vårdtagarens delaktighet. Detta kan påverka patientsäkerheten, genom att missvisande och felaktig information riskeras att överföras. Överrapportering vid sängkanten beskrivs främja ett flertal olika faktorer som ingår i begreppet personcentrerad omvårdnad, där vårdtagaren får möjlighet att delta och ta del av det informationsutbytet som sker vid överrapporteringen. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva vårdtagares erfarenheter av överrapportering vid sängkanten.Metod: Enlitteraturöversikt genomfördes, där artiklar med både kvantitativ respektive kvalitativ metod sammanställdes, med en induktiv ansats. Samtliga artiklar granskades utifrån ett granskningsprotokoll framtaget av Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping och analyserades med hjälp av Fribergs femstegsmodell.Resultat:Med fokus på vårdtagares erfarenheter av överrapportering vid sängkanten framkom fyra huvudkategorier: Relation, Delaktighet, Information samt Trygghet & SäkerhetSlutsats: Vårdtagarna erfor överrapporteringen vid sängkanten som positiv när momentet utfördes med ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt. I mötet mellan vårdtagare och sjuksköterska uppstår en fördjupad relation som synliggör människan bakom vårdtagaren. Detta bidrar till ett informationsutbyte som främjar relation, delaktighet, säkerhet och trygghet för vårdtagaren. 

  • Lärkfeldt, Elisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Gustavsson, Erica
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Hur patientsäkerheten påverkas av sjuksköterskans sömnsituation: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sleep is a subjective experience and is affected by different factors that can impact the work ability. Nursing is one of the nurse’s main tasks and to work with patient safety is essential to protect the patient from harm. Adverse events create both individual suffering and costs the society large amount of money.

     

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe how the patient safety was effected by the nurses sleep situation.

     

    Method: A literature review was made with eleven quantitative studies. These were analysed with Fribergs three stage model.

     

    Result: This study showed that medical errors and inadequate nursing increased when the nurse was sleep deprived or fatigued. Whether the number of sleep hours affected the patient safety was ambiguous.

     

    Conclusion: To decrease the risk that follows from a sleep situation, it is essential for the nurse to take care of her own health and to achieve a good sleep hygiene.