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  • Klingberg, Ellen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Andersson, Madeleine
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Gester - ett verktyg i matematikundervisning: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Litteraturstudiens syfte är att genom didaktisk forskning beskriva gesters roll för matematiklärande. För att besvara syftet har två frågeställningar tagits fram: På vilka sätt kan gester användas i matematikundervisning? Hur kan gester hjälpa elever att utveckla förståelse för matematik? 

    Litteraturstudien är genomförd med hjälp av en litteraturanalys av tio vetenskapliga artiklar som sållats fram i en systematisk databassökning. 

    Studierna visar att gester används på olika sätt i klassrummet. Resultatet tyder på att elever tar till sig kunskap oavsett om instruktioner med gester sker av lärare i ett klassrum, är videoinspelade eller förmedlas med avatarer. Flera av studierna förespråkar att använda gester vid inlärning men att urskilja olika gester och använda dem medvetet.

    Slutsatsen är att använda gester kan vara fördelaktigt vid lärande. Gester garanterar dock inte lärande utan behöver sättas i ett sammanhang där det kompletterar talet. 

  • Karlsson, Kåre
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Ambulance Services, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Persson Niemelä, Patrik
    Ambulance Services, Skaraborg Hospital, Skovde, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Anders
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Törnhage, Carl-Johan
    Department of Paediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Skovde, Sweden.
    Stress response in swedish ambulance personnel evaluated by Trier social stress test2019In: Journal of Health and Environmental Research, ISSN 2472-3584, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 14-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to previous research, ambulance personnel often consider themselves as healthy, but at the same time several studies show that they suffer from several stress-related illnesses, take early retirement and even suffer early death. The aim of this study was to explore mental stress during the Trier Social Stress Test. Questions were whether heart rate measurement could replace cortisol concentration in saliva as an indicator of stress and if there were differences between genders. During 20 Trier Social Stress Tests heart rate and salivary cortisol concentrations were measured. Heart rate was measured every 15 seconds and salivary cortisol was collected at seven occasions. Fourteen men and six women (sixteen ambulance nurses and four paramedics) participated. A questionnaire with background data was collected. Statistical analysis used was non-parametric tests to adjust for misalignment. During the Trier Social Stress Test women had their highest salivary cortisol concentration before start of test while the maximum values for men were 10 to 20 minutes after start. In contrast, there was no difference in heart rhythm before, during and after test between genders. No correlation between heart rate and salivary cortisol was found. There was no significant difference in stress response according to personnel’s age or level of education. Women and men exhibit different hormonal stress responses when it comes to performing unfamiliar actions, something that has not been seen before. Since no correlation could be seen between heart rate and salivary cortisol concentration they cannot replace each other as indicators of stress.

  • Älveroth, Olle
    et al.
    Raunecker, Artem
    Skandalöst eller överöst?: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys om rapporteringen av självständig poddradio i nyhetsmedia2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker hur tre podd-incidenter tolkas och framställs i nyhetsmedia. Studiens syfte är att undersöka om incidenterna i poddarna kan uppfattas som skandalösa eller kontroversiella och hur nyhetsmedia väljer att rapportera kring dem.

    Studien är baserad på en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Studien är uppdelad i två delar, där den ena behandlar det konkreta podd-innehållet och den andra varför innehållet porträtterats som skandalöst i nyhetsmedia. Analysen av valda nyhetsartiklar genomförs med hjälp av medielogik, gestaltningsteori och diskussion av karaktäristiska egenskaper hos en skandal. För att utvinna tillräckligt brett resultat grundas analysen av podd-innehållet på semiotik och semiotiska principer.

    Resultatet av studien tyder på att det valda podd-innehållet kan tolkas som kontroversiellt eller skandalöst beroende på vad som förmedlas och hur det gör det. Resultatet av studien tyder även på att podd-innehållets helhet inte alltid framställs i nyhetsmedia på grund av nyhetsvärdering och nyhetsurval.

  • Larsson, Willy
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Comparing digital marketing platforms: Helping companies decide between going with an enterprise marketing software or settling with a minor one2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The desire for digital marketing has rapidly grown. The consequence of this has been an increased supply of digital marketing software providing the desired tools. This leads to a need for different types of software, where both enterprise platforms and minor one’s have risen. Both types come with opportunities and disadvantages, which need to be taken into account when deciding digital marketing software.

    The purpose of this study is to assist companies in choosing the correct digital marketing software that meet their needs. The research focus on clarifying what differs an enterprise software from a minor one. The research is based on company needs, where time consumption, cost, integration complexity and software functionality have been analyzed.

    A case study has been performed at the company Improove AB. The case study contained a literature study, interviews and an experiment. With these methods a lot of data could be collected, which consequently led to a thorough analyzation.

    In the end, it was found that a minor marketing software is severely less time consuming. An enterprise software is more expensive, and it is in addition more complex to integrate than a minor marketing software. The enterprise marketing software triumphs when it comes to provided functionality, both regarding supply and possible configurations. With this knowledge it was determined that it is almost always preferred to integrate a minor marketing software, instead of an enterprise software. The reason for this is mainly that the integration complexity increases the time consumption, which increases the cost. Another reason is that it is crucial that the company using the digital marketing software takes advantage of all provided functionality, which they rarely do.

    From the research it is possible to make educated decisions when deciding between digital marketing platforms. Whether an enterprise software is preferred or if a company should instead settle with a minor software is further explain in the thesis report.

  • Brage, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    The rise of Brutalism and Antidesign: And their implications on web design history2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following bachelor thesis is written by a student at New Media Design within Informatics at the School of Engineering, Jönköping University.

    The background of this study is based on the emergence of web design trends brutalism and antidesign, which have been argued to originate from styles used during early periods of the web’s history. Furthermore, a lack of cultural analysis within web design has been identified. The visual evolution of the world wide web is not sorted into distinct and widely acknowledged periods or categories such as is the case with most other cultural areas like music and art. The emergence and popularity of brutalism and antidesign were identified as potential cases of visual styles returning from the past. They were therefore considered opportunities to examine visual periods in web design and predict where the field is heading in the future.

    The study was conducted using the qualitative method of semi-structured interviews. The empirical data was analysed using a thematic analysis and was later compared with theories derived from literature studies.

    The study found three reasons behind the rise of brutalism and antidesign in web design; the world wide web’s coming of age, reactions towards the mainstream web and the interest in retro trends. The study also aimed to find the possible implications of their emergence on the aesthetic evolution of web design.  It was found that brutalism and antidesign are part of a large number of experimental and retro trends that will continue to emerge. Though they are unlikely to directly affect mainstream web design in its current state, they may be seen as design movements. This may be viewed as a step in the direction of visual categories within web design.

  • christensson, emelie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hur socialt är ett socialt intranät?: En fallstudie om internkommunikation inom ett socialt intranät2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte Studien syftar till att undersöka internkommunikationen inom ett socialt intranät. Internkommunikation är ett viktigt forskningsfält som utvecklats och studerats i över 100 år. Men som numera behöver studeras inom de sociala intranäten där internkommunikationen i allt högre grad sker.

    Design Forskningen om internkommunikation via sociala intranät är fragmenterad och i behov av fler teoribaserade studier. I den här studien används det närliggande forskningsfältet internkommunikation samt teorin “Three levels of ISM” för att utveckla teoretiseringen av forskningsfältet internkommunikation via sociala intranät. I studien undersöks kommunikationen inom ett socialt intranät i en svensk offentlig organisation genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys med hjälp av de fyra teorierna om internkommunikation och kommunikation via sociala intranät.

    Resultat Analysen visar på att kommunikationen är mycket begränsad samt att en stor mängd av kommunikationen inte ens berör organisationens angelägenheter utan snarare privata angelägenheter. Vidare innehåller kommunikationen deltagande, kunskapsdelande och meningsskapande kommunikation i mycket liten utsträckning. Detta visar på att organisationen inte utnyttjar det sociala intranätet i enlighet med samtida forskning om internkommunikation, utan istället positionerar sig närmare det klassiska perspektivet. Därtill visar resultatet problem med teorin ”Three levels of ISM” vilket leder till att teorin problematiseras.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-17 13:00 Forum Humanum, Jönköping
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Mutual actions - Developmental links between aspects of the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent risk behaviors2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescence is a critical time for the onset or intensification of engagement in risk behaviors, such as delinquency and alcohol use. Parents are often advised to supervise adolescents or set rules for behavior control in order to protect their adolescents from harm. But are such parenting strategies advantageous in preventing adolescents from engaging in risk behaviors? Little is known about what role adolescents play in the parent- adolescent relationship and their own psychosocial development? The overall aim of the dissertation was to investigate how parent- and adolescent-driven communication efforts occurring in the parent-adolescent relationship relate to risk behaviors in early to mid- adolescence.

    Findings show that adolescent-driven communication efforts (i.e. disclosure about their everyday activities) play a prominent role in the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent engagement in risk behaviors. Adolescent disclosure is linked to parental knowledge of an adolescent’s whereabouts, parent-adolescent emotional connectedness, and decreases in adolescent risk behaviors over time. While parental behavioral control of adolescent whereabouts can indeed be protective of adolescent engagement in risk behaviors, parents’ soliciting efforts are related to higher levels of engagement in delinquency and substance use. This is particularly true for boys and adolescents with detached and fearless temperament. However, when adolescents are willing to communicate, parents can elicit more disclosure from their adolescents through soliciting efforts.

    This dissertation suggests that parents and adolescents both play important roles in parenting and parent-adolescent relationships. Parents can protect their adolescents from engagement in risk behaviors, especially when adolescents share information with their parents.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-10 13:00 Forum Humanum, Jönköping
    Monwell, Bodil
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    En dyster parentes – opiatregeln i svensk LARO-behandling 2010–20162019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Opioids are well documented to arouse euphoria, relieve pain, and to have a high dependency potential. Opioid dependence is a serious chronic condition with a high risk of extensive worsened health, relapse and premature death.

    Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is well researched and has strong scientific support. In Sweden, OMT over time was subjected to polarised and infected political debate and has been strictly regulated by the National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW). During 2010–2016 NBHW redefined the diagnostic concept of “opiate dependence” in the regulation SOSFS 2009:27. Dependence to only three opioids: heroin, opium or morphine, could give eligibility to OMT (here called the “opiate rule”). The purpose stated was to prevent those dependent to other opioides, e.g. buprenorphine,from receiving OMT. Applicants with severe opioid dependence were thereby divided into two subgroups: those with “opiate” dependence related to heroin, morphine or opium, and those with opioid dependence who lacked documentation in relation to the three opiates. The question is whether there were differences between these groups concerning problem severity or substance-related diagnostics that could justify differences in access to OMT?

    A population (n = 127) actualised for OMT during 2005-2011 in Jönköping County is studied regarding severity of problems, diagnostics and trajectories in and out of treatment. In order to provide precise drug use data, a cognitive tool for taking anamnestic information, called the Drug List, was developed.

    In Study I, using the Addiction Severity Index, the two groups were found to be quite similar in severity of health problems, social situation and drug problems, including overdoses and injections.

    In Study II, the Drug List was found to be superior to a traditional way of taking anamnestic data, more sensitive and giving more precise data, without taking more time. Validity was shown in relation to faked drugs.

    In Study III, using a structured diagnostic interview, ADDIS, with the Drug List, showed that both two groups qualified for severe opioid dependence, that opiates and other opioids had contributed equally to the development of opioid dependency, and that the two groups also had similar additional substance dependence problems.

    Study IV investigated how “the opiate rule” affected practice by interviewing representatives of OMT clinics as well as a representative of a users’ association. The regulation created dilemmas for clinics as well as for users. Users developed a strategy of getting "negative merits" for being eligible to OMT. Clinicians developed strategies to find ways “around” the regulation in order to admit patients in OMT.

    Study V followed those who had applied for OMT and found four trajectory subgroups – those denied OMT, those discharged, those readmitted, and those who remained in treatment. The study provides evidence for a more positive development being related to more involvment in OMT concerning health, social situation as well as substance use problems. Being denied or discharged is related to increased risks of a negative development.

    The thesis conclude that there was no support for dividing applicants according to “the opiate rule”. The purpose of top-down control using regulations, is to guarantee uniform and knowledge-based care. In this case the regulation had negative effects in these respects, increasing risks for the applicants, and lost credibility from the profession. The opiate rule in SOSFS 2009:27 is therefore a dismal parenthesis in the history of OMT in Sweden, and could be studied to prevent similar mistakes in the future.

  • Larsson Sarja, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hamnstaden Jönköping: En komparativ undersökning om den yttre hamnens betydelse för Jönköping åren 1833 –19602019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att jämföra och undersöka historiska händelser är något av det vanligaste som görs inom vetenskapen. Denna uppsats skiljer sig inte där. Uppsatsen berättar om hur hamnen i Jönköping använts mellan åren 1833 till mitten på 1900-talet. Den undersöker betydelsen av hamnen i form av antalet båtar som anlades här under den aktuella tidsperioden. Uppsatsen svarar också på frågorna kring varför hamnen byggdes, hur hamnens betydelse förändrats över tid och uppsatsen gör även en jämförelse mellan hamnarna i Jönköping, Hjo och Askersund.

    Slutsatsen blir att hamnen har varit viktig under lång tid och den minskade i sitt användande på grund utav att andra transportmöjligheter blev mer aktuella. Hamnen byggdes från början för att kunna hantera det större behovet som kom efter att Göta kanal bildat nya vägar till Östersjön.

    Uppsatsen kommer även fram till att Jönköping och Hjo liknar varandra i sin utveckling under denna tidsperioden. Askersund skiljer sig lite mer från de två och anledningarna är bland annat placeringen av orten och hur behovet såg ut.

  • Vuorinen, Kim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Quality Management in Offshore Construction Project2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies have a need to internationalize and locate all over the world to gain advantages against competition. However, when companies internationalize, they face difficulties. One of the major difficulties is how they can reach the same high quality around the world in their business facilities. Over one third of all construction projects reporting major defects. The purpose of this thesis is to research how companies implement Quality Management in offshore construction projects, what are the common challenges related to the subject and how to overcome these challenges.

    The theoretical framework for the study is gathered from academic literature. The thesis uses a qualitative research approach. The primary data is gathered through interviews and observations that are conducted on an offshore construction site.

    The case study in this thesis researches how a multinational company handles Quality Management in an offshore construction project.  The company’s Quality Management guidelines and practices have been established in Europe, whereas the location and context of this study is in Southeast-Asia. The difference in business context and cultures causes additional challenges in implementing Quality Management in the project. After analyzing the data, the company’s Quality Management practices are compared to suggested practices in the academic literature. These suggestions can be valid for other multinational companies that are expanding to different continents.

    The results show that when companies do offshoring decisions, relationship quality with contractors and partnership credibility should be central attributes, even if it means doing business with higher priced companies. Many companies do not focus enough on the quality aspect in the contractor tendering phase. Instead they tend to base decisions solely on cost and speed even though bad quality work results in increased costs and delays in construction projects.

  • Tarasov, Vladimir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Tan, He
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Adlemo, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ismail, Muhammad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Mats, Johansson
    Saab AB, Avisonics.
    Olsson, Daniel
    AddQ AB.
    Ontology-based Software Test Case Generation (OSTAG)2015In: European Projects in Knowledge Applications and Intelligent Systems - Volume 1: EPS Lisbon 2016 / [ed] R. J. Machado, J. Sequeira,H. Plácido da Silva, & J. Filipe, SciTePress, 2015, p. 135-159Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Testing is a paramount quality assurance activity in every software developmentproject, especially for embedded, safety critical systems. During thetest process, a lot of effort is put into the generation of test cases. The presentedOSTAG project aimed at developing methods and techniques to automate thesoftware test case generation for black-box testing. The proposed approach wasbased on the creation of a software requirements ontology and the applicationof inference rules on the ontology to derive test cases. The ontology representsknowledge of the requirements, the software system and the corresponding applicationdomain while the inference rules formalize knowledge from documentsand experienced testers in the domain of test planning and test case generation.A software prototype of the approach was implemented and one of the industrialproject partners evaluated the results. An alternative method for generating testcases, based on genetic algorithms, was also explored.

  • Graus, Mark P.
    et al.
    School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Ferwerda, Bruce
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Tkalčič, Marko
    Faculty of Computer Science, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Bozen-Bolzano, Italy.
    Germanakos, Panagiotis
    Dep. of Computer Science, University of Cyprus, Cyprus.
    A summary of the third workshop on theory-informed user modeling for tailoring and personalizing interfaces2019In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings / [ed] Parra D.,Riche N.,Trattner C., CEUR-WS , 2019, Vol. 2327Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The third workshop on Theory-Informed User Modeling for Tailoring and Personalizing Interfaces (HUMANIZE) 1 took place in conjunction with the 24th annual meeting of the intelligent user interfaces (IUI) 2 community in Los Angeles, CA, USA on March 20, 2019. The goal of the workshop was to attract researchers from different fields by accepting contributions on the intersection of practical data mining methods and theoretical knowledge for personalization. A total of six papers were accepted for this edition of the workshop. 

  • Rosengren, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Power to the people – or privacy in peril?: A linguistic-historical analysis of the meaning and boundaries of the Swedish principle of public access to official documents2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, we have seen a very disconcerting development in the world regarding how information of different kinds is valued and used. As “truth” is being increasingly questioned, one possible remedy is the right of access to official documents. This is the subject studied in this article. Such access constitutes an important element in our democratic society by providing citizens and the media the means to control their government. In Sweden, this right of access might also bring about detrimental effects for privacy, or personal integrity, however, due to the stipulations of the constitutional law, the Freedom of the Press Act.

    As will be outlined in this study, the meanings attributed to various expressions related to the right of access are unclear, so too are the boundaries that regulate the creation of official documents that may be requested as per the Freedom of the Press Act. This uncertainty could carry implications for personal integrity. The meanings and creation of official documents are thus at the heart of this investigation.

  • Kaneberg, Elvira Ruiz
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Voluntary defense networks in emergency preparedness in developed countries: the case of Sweden [Redes de defensa voluntarias en preparación ante emergencias en países desarrollados: el caso de Suecia]2019In: Revista Científica General José María Córdova, ISSN 1900-6586, Vol. 17, no 26, p. 229-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Voluntary networks are actors in civil society and central to the emergency preparedness efficiency of developed countries’. This study focuses on the voluntary defense networks in Sweden, a unique set of networks that contribute to the efficiency of emergency preparedness. Through interviews with experts in Swedish civil and military fields and their associated voluntary defense networks, as well as secondary data, we examined the coordination of these voluntary defense networks in practice. Although voluntary network coordination is highly associated with efficiency, in practice, most voluntary networks are not well coordinated. This study confirms that civil and military practitioners in developed countries, struggling with the coordination of voluntary networks are not isolated in their struggle; inattentive practices are indeed the norm. This article also establishes a course that civil and military practitioners can follow to improve emergency response efficiency.

  • Rosenbaum, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Med inferenskunnande i fokus: En studie om vad mellanstadieelever behöver lära sig och hur undervisning kan bidra till att utveckla förmågan att dra slutsatser om en huvudpersons karaktärsdrag2019Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to generate knowledge about what students in years 4 and 5 (9-12 years old) need to discern in order to draw conclusions about a protagonist’s character traits in a fictional text, and how this ability can be developed. The method chosen to answer the research questions is Learning Study, an iterative classroom-based approach. Two primary school teachers in Swedish and the teacher researcher worked together. They collaborated to design, teach, evaluate, refine, and analyse a series of six lessons in a cyclic process with the Variation Theory as theoretical framework. The empirical data consists of pre- and post-lesson assessments, and video recordings of the lessons. The analyses resulted in five qualitatively different categories and four critical aspects. It is suggested that in order for the student to develop the ability to draw conclusions about a protagonist’s character traits, it is critical: (a) to discern that the protagonist’s character traits, both reproduced (explicit) and implied (implicit), are based in the text, (b) to discern, in the text, descriptions of how a protagonist for example acts, reacts, feels, thinks, and interacts with other characters in the story, as this could facilitate drawing conclusions about the protagonist’s (implicit) character traits, (c) to experience that when conclusions about the protagonist’s (implicit) character traits are related to how a protagonist acts, it is possible to discern what in the text the conclusion is based on, and (d) to experience that conclusions about aprotagonist’s (implicit) character traits can be discerned when they are linked to a character/person who is outside the story (eg in another story, film, or in real life).

  • Blomberg, Fanny
    et al.
    Jerrhage, Linn
    MOMSHAMING: En kvalitativ kritisk diskursanalys om hur nätkritik mot kvinnor utspelar sig på Isabella Löwengrips blogg.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For mothers to share their family life on social media has become a trend in the Swedish society. Isabella Löwengrip is one mother who does this. Isabella is a well known person in Sweden and has over 1,5 million followers on her blog. Isabella blogs about her everyday life and how it’s to live alone with two kids. A recurring pattern on the comments posted to Isabella’s blog are comments that criticize her way of taking care of her kids. This type of criticism is called ”momshaming”.

     

    This qualitative study analyzes how momshaming takes place on Isabella Löwengrip’s blog. The theoretical framework of the study is CDA and norms theory from a feminist perspective. The data analyzed are the comments posted to five selected posts from Isabella’s blog and we analyze them using the method CDA and seven analytical tools. The analytical tools helped us see what the readers reacted on and how momshaming are showed in comments.

     

    The study identifies four different themes in the momshaming comments; irony, time, ”they are just kids” and comparative with himself (the ones posting the comments). The study shows that momshaming takes place when the reader thinks that Isabella is going against the norm for a ”good” mother. Momshaming shows in the blog as negative comments about how Isabella raises her children. The most common theme is that Isabella doesn't spend much time with her kids and that she doesn’t treat them like they are kids.

  • Granat, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lermark Schøn, Tanja
    Jönköping University.
    Hur påverkar en stel ankel och appliceringen av en flexibel ankel-fot-ortos ankeln under gång?: Dynamisk analys av ankelns kinematik och kinetik hos friska människor2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Bakgrund: Perifer neuropati och polyneuropati är termer för att beskriva ett tillstånd hos individer där nerverna i det perifera nervsystemet är skadade och den motoriska samt somatosensoriska förmågan är förlorad. Ankelns motoriska kontroll är essentiell för förmågan till gång och för att bibehålla dynamisk stabilitet under gången. Vid behandling av individer med perifer neuropati används ofta en AFO för att förbättra gångförmågan. När kunskapen förbättras om vilka faktorer som påverkar gången samt hur kroppen biomekaniskt påverkas av hjälpmedlet är det till hjälp för att välja den mest fördelaktiga behandlingen. Syftet är att utvärdera hur ankelns kinematik samt kinetik i frontal- (Y) och sagittalplan (X) påverkas vid en situation där rörelse i ankeln tillåts samt vid en situation där rörelse i ankeln inte tillåts. Metod: För att studera ankelns kinematik samt kinetik använde vi oss av två interventioner på våra testpersoner. Vid en av interventionerna utförde testpersonerna en gånganalys med en dynamisk AFO (ToeOFF), där ankeln har utrymme för rörlighet. Vid den andra interventionen låstes testpersonernas ankel med gips med avsikt att tillåta så lite rörelse som möjligt i ankeln. Kinematisk samt kinetiska data samlades in från 5 friska unga vuxna individer, som ombads gå med en dynamisk AFO (ToeOFF) samt med en gipsad ankel i självvald hastighet. Datan samlades in med hjälp av gånganalys samt av programmen Visual 3D och Qualisys Track Manager. Den kinematiska datan kvantifierades av: ankelns vinkel i sagittal- (X) samt frontalplan (Y), och den kinetiska datan kvantifierades av: moment i ankeln både i sagittal- (X) och frontalplan (Y). Resultat: Studien visade en signifikant skillnad i den kinematiska samt den kinetiska datan vid jämförelse mellan de två interventionerna. Ankelns RoM var markant större med ToeOFF ortosen än med gips. Under gips interventionen genererades ett signifikant reducerat yttre plantar flekterande moment. Resultatet är menat att användas som en vägvisare för att optimera behandlingen av patienter med stabilitetsproblem i ankeln. Slutsats: Det finns en skillnad mellan gips-interventionen och ToeOFF-interventionen i ankelns kinematiska samt kinetiska data.

  • Wall, Karl
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    G#, a graphical approach to functional programming2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to present a solution for how a graphical programming language with a functional mindset can be constructed with the help of inspiration from functional programming. An artefact was created by using design science as a research methodology and has in several iterations gone through development and testing to reassure the outcome works as intended. The graphical programming language which has been developed is a language that allows the programmer to code in depth, functions are written as blocks inside blocks and the language is made compact. A code structure in a JSON-format was developed at the same time as G#, allowing it to be presented in a texted data format. The purpose of the JSON-format was to enable execution of G# and the transformation to a text-based programming language. Implications can be made from this study by learning about how a graphical programming language can be built from scratch and what difficulties needs to be tackled to get a result that works as intended. G# was developed to only support a few selected and commonly used functions in programming due to time limitations. The final version of G# in this study can do calculations, handle lists and perform less complex algorithms. Under the development of G#’s graphical functions, the free tool Draw.io was used. Unknowingly from the start, Draw’s limitations made it not perform as expected. Therefore, it is recommended to investigate which available tools are most suited for the construction of the graphical functions before development begins.

  • Ahmad, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Asmelash, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Business Intelligence: Framtagning av kriterier innan val av BI-system för mindre företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this thesis was to investigate which criteria that are vital before the choice of BI-system for small companies with 10-30 employees. Furthermore, to find an appropriate BI-tool that is applicable for small companies with 10-30 employees.

     

    Method – The authors have used semi-structured interviews and literature studies. The qualitative interviews have been conducted by interviewing BI-experts from five smaller companies. The literature review consisted of scientific articles, course literature, and relevant web-pages.

     

    Findings – The findings of this thesis are a production of criteria and a proposal on BI-tool, in the choice of BI-system for smaller companies with 10-30 employees.

     

    Implications – The produced findings of this thesis indicate that there are gaps in what are essential to think of, before a future investment of a BI-system that is suitable for smaller companies with 10-30 employees. Furthermore, there is limited research about which BI-tool that is appropriate for smaller companies with 10-30 employees. This thesis is directed towards smaller companies that are interested in acquiring a BI-system to their organization.

     

    Limitations – This thesis was limited by time constraints, that is why the authors remained their focus on companies with 10-30 employees.

     

    Keywords – Business Intelligence, decision-making, criteria, smaller companies, system.

  • Graus, Mark
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Ferwerda, Bruce
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Tkalcic, Marko
    Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy.
    Germanakos, Panagiotis
    UX, Mobile and Business Services, PandI ICD SAP SE, Walldorf, Germany.
    Second workshop on theory-informed user modeling for tailoring and personalizing interfaces (HUMANIZE): Workshop preface2018In: Second Workshop on Theory-Informed User Modeling for Tailoring and Personalizing Interfaces (HUMANIZE) / [ed] Mark Graus, Bruce Ferwerda, Marko Tkalcic, Panagiotis Germanakos, CEUR-WS , 2018, Vol. 2068Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The second workshop on Theory-Informed UserModeling for Tailoring and Personalizing Interfaces (HUMANIZE)1 took place in conjunction with the 23rd annual meeting of the intelligent user interfaces (IUI)2 community in Tokyo, Japan on March 11, 2018. The goal of the workshop was to attract researchers from different fields by accepting contributions on the intersection of practical data mining methods and theoretical knowledge for personalization. A total of eight papers were accepted for this edition of the workshop. 

  • Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Delaktighet i hälso- och sjukvård i Jönköpings kommun2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste decennierna har det skett en rad organisatoriska förändringar inom vård och omsorg. En av de stora konsekvenserna av förändringarna är ett utökat hälso- och sjukvårds-ansvar för kommunerna i landet. Inom hälso- och sjukvården har det också skett lagföränd-ringar, där bland annat delaktighet lyfts fram tydligare nu. Den här studien syftade därför till att undersöka hur personer som erhåller hälso- och sjukvård i kommunen uppfattar sin del-aktighet i planering, genomförande och uppföljning av hälso- och sjukvårdsinsatser.

    Studien omfattar tre olika kontexter; 1) hälso- och sjukvård i ordinärt boende, 2) hälso- och sjukvård i särskilt boende för äldre samt 3) hälso- och sjukvård i boende inom socialpsykiatrin. Olika metoder har använts (enkäter i studie 1 och 3 och intervjuer i studie 2) och rapporten är därför uppbyggd i tre delar.

    Resultaten visar dock att delaktighet är viktigt för personerna i samtliga tre kontexter men att det kan vara svårt att sätta ord på vad delaktighet egentligen betyder. Personer som ingår i studien ger flera goda exempel på när de känt sig delaktiga, men även det motsatta. Delaktighet är således en fråga som ständigt är aktuell och som man ständigt behöver arbeta med.   

  • Abi-Khalil, Pierre
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Abdulahad, Zuhair
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Stadsutveckling i mellanstora städer: En studie om förtätning i centrala Norrköping ur ett socialt och ekologiskt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Planners in Norrköping municipality today facing a challenge to meet Norrköping'sneeds in the housing market, while at the same time achieving demand for public places and areas such as parks, squares and nature areas. When existing areas within the city's borders are built, so-called densification takes place in the city, whichcan have both positive and negative consequences. The aim of this study is to investigatehow the densification has affected Norrköping's inner city from a social and ecologicalperspective with a focus on free space, and present proposals for measures forbetter management of the densification in central Norrköping.

    This study has mainly been carried out using a qualitative research method.A qualitative study is based on soft data such as interviews, document analysis and literature studies. The interviews have been conducted with respondents from Norrköpings municipality and the document analysis consists of steering documents obtained from Norrköpings municipality and Pontarius AB. Some data is obtained from documents and studies where results are presented in the form of tables, diagrams, figures and GIS analysis, which means that quantitative methods are also applied.

    To perform a safer densification, it is important that the municipality establishes safe guidelines and steering documents to relate to. These control documents should be used as a framework for efficient exploitation and ensure that the city's freeareas are developed from a sustainable perspective and that a good quality is includedin the development.

    It is advantageous that the development of the densification takes placeaccording to guidelines and documentation prepared by the municipality. To ensure maximum efficiency in exploitation, these guidelines should be followed at an early stage. It is also important that there is a balance of free space size and their quality. Too small a surface leads to a higher load and larger surfaces can be perceived as superfluousand a feeling of unsecure. It is recommended to study how the densification developsin connection with the infrastructure and how it will affect free and green areas in the long run.

    This study is limited to only the inner city of Norrköping. The study also delimits economic and political factors that can influence the planning of the densification and the development of the city’s infrastructure and public transport.

  • Persson, Roland S.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Särbegåvade barn i skolan och deras hälsa2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolvårdande instanser i Sverige träffar oundvikligen på särbegåvade elever; och ofta av fel anledningar. Deras beteende har tolkats som symptom på allahanda sociala och kanske psykologiska problem när de i själva verket de är understimulerade och förstår inte alltid sin egen tillvaro och andras reaktion på dem som särbegåvade. Denna korta artikel diskuterar på ett mycket översiktligt och okomplicerat sätt vilka dessa barn i skolan är, deras sociala sammanhang, psykiatriska aspekter och i någon mån också fysiologiska aspekter av särbegåvning. Problematiken är mer komplicerad än vad en kort översikt som denna kan förmedla. Läsaren bör konsultera den empiriska forskning som finns för att bättre förstå denna komplexitet som sällan eller aldrig gör handhavandet av denna grupp individer kan standardiseras.