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  • Stenqvist, Oscar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Claesson, Tommy
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    En jämförande studie i prestanda mellan React Native och Ionic2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To examine if there is any difference regarding performance between the two frameworks Ionic and React Native to ease decisions which one to use when developing mobile applications.

    Method – A comparative study with hypothesis based on earlier studies are tested with different experiments.

    Findings – Ionic is performing faster in the majority of the experiments, but at the same time its CPU and memory usage is higher. The results also show that React Native is struggling with larger data-sets.

    Implications – The study is contributing to a wider knowledge about cross-platform frameworks performance, and therefore facilitates the choice on which framework is more preferable to use.

    Limitations – The study only includes Ionic and React Native, and no conclusions can therefore be applied to any other cross-platform frameworks. The results are not generalizable to cross- platform native vs cross-platform hybrid, or Android vs IOS

  • Persson, Jesper
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Sandberg, Måns
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Bakomliggande intelligens i Bot Framework: En undersökning av Microsofts ramverk för att skapa chatbotar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of the project was to investigate how a chatbot, based on the swedish version of Microsoft Bot Framework handles language based varieties of the users questions. This is to provide an overview of how Microsoft Bot Framework works.

    Method In order to answer the issues and thereby fulfill the purpose of the report, a case study based on the information on parts of the information that was available on the web page for The Courts of Sweden.. A qualitative, experimental study was made where the intelligence in Microsoft Bot Framework’s chatbot technology was tested within the categories of misspelled words, use of synonyms, randomised word order and added contextual and emotional phrases.

    The research began with the development of two artefacts, one question collecting web crawler and an alternative chatbot, GORCh, that entirely lacks the intelligence that the test should cover. Apart from GORCh, a human respondent was also brought in. These two were used to demonstrate the human intelligence, providing a tool to show whether Microsoft Bot Framework has it.

    Later, questions and their earlier mentioned variations where created using GORCh and subsequently asked to all respondents.

    Finally, the answers were analyzed in order to answer the issues.

    Result There were no case where Microsoft Bot Framework acted in the way expected if it would’ve had intelligence. Hence, the test cannot show any case where such intelligence is used for the cases tested for.

    Implications It is fully possible to compensate for many of these cases, for example by entering more questions or using Microsofts other tools. This does, however, require manual work from the one who implements a chatbot built on Microsoft Bot framework..

    Limitations The test was only done on Microsofts Swedish chatbot service. It does not cover intelligence in any other language. The test only covers questions to a chatbot that is limited to answering one specific subject.

  • Evysdotter, Annelie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Konsten att se & höra det som inte syns eller sägs: - sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att upptäcka psykisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Detecting mental health can challenging as stigmatization of mental health is widespread. The symptoms of mental illness may be diffuse and therefore it may be difficult to detect the mental illness. The health center is often the activity people with mental health turn to get help. The state's municipalities and county councils make investments in mental health, where primary care activities are a focus area with the aim of increasing the competence of the professions to detect mental health in time. Aim: Describe the experience of experienced nurses in detecting mental health in patients in their daily work at the health center. Method: An empirical study with qualitative design with an inductive approach. The interview material was analyzed where categories and sub-categories were formed. An ethical self-examination was conducted in accordance with guidelines for Jönköping School of Health. Result: Following the data analysis of the interview material, two categories were formed, ”A difficult challenge”, with the sub-categories, ”The necessary questions”, ”Discovering the subtle” and ”A perceived lack of knowledge”. As well as the category, ”Support is requested” with the sub-categories, ”Guidelines, routines checklists” and ”Opportunities in-depth knowledge”. Conclusion: The discovery of mental illness depends on a between knowledge of subject and experience. The result showed that the nurses found it difficult to ask about questions regarding the patients mental health. Difficult questions could be about violence in the family, honor crime et cetera. Support material was requested for not to miss imported information about the patient. Routin and support material existed for somatic health but not for mental health. The result showed that it is important to work in the daily work for towards anti-stigmatization of mental health, in society, both on an individual level as well as a profession, in order to contribute to detect mental illness.

  • Chatha, Karandeep Singh
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Impacts of Industry 4.0 on Swedish Manufacturing SMEs Context2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose- Industry 4.0 as a concept has created a wave of innovation in the manufacturing sector. In Sweden, the goal for the Swedish manufacturing SMEs is to be leaders in digitalization and stay competitive. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to understand the impacts of Industry 4.0 on Swedish manufacturing SMEs.

    Method- The method used in this research is a multiple case study consisting of three manufacturing SMEs in Sweden. A literature review was conducted in a systematic way to give a background of Industry 4.0 and its technologies. The literature review provided the theoretical base and knowledge about the phenomena which led to preparation of interview guide used for data collection. Data collection was done through semi-structured interviews. Thereafter, the findings were analyzed within case, cross-case and compared with literature.

    Findings- To analyze the impacts of Industry 4.0 on the manufacturing SMEs, the author developed a framework which included the ten main Industry 4.0 technologies, Porter ́s generic value chain model and industrial performance indicators. During the analysis, it was found that all the companies were users of Industry 4.0; however, they were using mostly robots as the main technologies besides one company using cloud-platform technology. All the companies had impacts on their value chains operation activity. All five performance indicators flexibility, costs, productivity, quality and lead times were found to impact on Swedish manufacturing SMEs. The findings support the same indicators as found in literature. Furthermore, all three case companies confirmed that they have higher profits which shows that the implementation of Industry 4.0 not only improves industrial performance indicators but also can lead to increase in financial performance.

    Implications- This thesis contributed to both theory and provides suggestions to managers with primary contribution being the framework which itself is a contribution to the theory. The framework can be used both by researchers and managers. Furthermore, the theory provided in the literature review of impacts of different technologies on the value chain can guide the managers to understand which of the technologies are useful in corresponding activities of value chain. The suggestions provided by industry peers are also a major advantage for the managers to prepare their companies for Industry 4.0.

    Limitations- The research focused only on manufacturing SMEs in Sweden and from industry perspective, only SMEs manufacturing goods were included and not services. Within the case companies, all ten identified Industry 4.0 technologies were not found to be implemented in SMEs, therefore; the analysis and answers to research questions were based on the technologies found. Moreover, there was a constraint of time and resources which led to a small sample of three manufacturing industries.

    Keywords: Industry 4.0, The fourth Industrial Revolution, Industrie 4.0, Digitization, Value chain, Supply Chain, Manufacturing, SME, Impacts, Barriers

  • Corti, Giulia
    Standardization and modularization of Handling system: Optimization of choice of roller conveyors andloading / unloading tables for beam handling2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project was commissioned by Ficep S.p.a. and performed in the field of product development with the aim of developing a method for the revision of product architectures in standardized modular configurations.The handling system for profiled beams has a generally well-established structure and technology among all main competitors in the mechanical carpentry sector, for this reason the key to success in the market is the optimization of the components to minimize redundancies and the ability to promptly satisfy the variegated customers’ demands while still keeping competitive prices.The major problem in the layout of these systems is the absence of standard rules or mathematical models, relaying mostly on the empirical norms derived from the experience of the designer, thus generating confusion and variants’ proliferation.For this reason, a standardized and optimized model for generating appropriate configurations according to functional specifics is the final goal of this work.To hit this target the development process has been analysed and reviewed all the way from the customer offer request to final layout definition, passing through the definition of the technical specifics, architecture of the handling system and inner structure of its components.The final result is a configurator that, taking the technical specifications of the client as input data, dynamically calculates the structure of the handling system adjusting even the composition of the elements it is made up of and their position for the layout.As a side project the configurator was used to create a model for cost estimation of the handling system in stages prior to the CAD design of its layout.

  • poutiainen, hampus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Sigvant, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Vägen till gynnsam returlogistik: En enfallsstudie på Ikea DC2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Purpose – The purpose of the study is to identify key-factors for the development of reverse logistics in a distribution central. The study should contribute to cover the knowledge gap that is the problem area: development of reverse logistics in a distribution central. This, since former research primarily deal with the problem area: development of reverse logistics between costumer and focal firm. The purpose of the study has been broken down into two research questions. The first one deals with which forces that affect the development of reverse logistics in a distribution central. Further, important factors for the development of reverse logistics in a distribution central will be identified.

    Method – The method for the study is an one case study since only one process will be studied. Also, to be able to obtain more profound knowledge within the problem area. The chosen business case is named Ikea distribution central and is located on the industrial area Torsvik. The company is active on the furniture market. The literature collection has been done through four different methods which are: recommendations of search words, recommendations of articles, database searches and snowball sampling. Further, the data collection has been made through interviews, document studies and observations. Finally, the internal validity of the study is high under the circumstance that theories regarding the development of reverse logistics based on B2C is considered to be applicable on the problem area which is based in B2B. Further, the external validity of the study is considered to be low since only one business case was studied. Although, the theory and empiricism of the study has been analysed which in turn strengthens the external validity.

    Findings – With the collected theories and empiricism as background the authors has produced a basis on which key-factors that are important for the development of reverse logistics in a distribution central. The key-factors that were identified as important and should be taken under consideration is: driving- and hindering forces for the development of reverse logistics in a distribution central, the primary causes of reverse logistics in a distribution central, return avoidance, gatekeeping, supplier relationship management and green logistics. Further, it was discovered that a big factor for a favourable development of reverse logistics in a distribution central was continuous training of the personal simultaneously as the development of the reverse logistics process.

    Implications – Through the analysis of the study it became clear that a big amount of hinders that can occur in association with the development of reverse logistics, comes as a result of the gap in understanding between the management and the operating core. With this as background the authors of the study recommends that whenever a process is developed, great importance should be added in developing the personal working in the process.

    Limitations – The limitations which lowers the internal validity and in turn the credibility of the study is that many of the theories used in the study is based on B2C. Another limitation is the choice of one case study since the research questions aimed at obtaining general conclusions.

    Keywords – Reverse logistics, Return management, Return avoidance, Gatekeeping, Supplier relationship management, Green logistics, Distribution central

  • Rahimi, Wida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Anhörigas omsorg till äldre närstående: -        En kvalitativ studie om omsorgsarbetets konsekvenser för anhörigvårdare2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Relatives care of elderly people. A qualitative study on the consequences and effects of caregiving.

    The aim of the study was to gain a deeper understanding of informal caregivers' experiences of the care work which they give to elderly relatives. The study was conducted through eight interviews with adult persons who give care to their elderly relatives. According to the results, caregiving can cause both positive and negative experiences for the caregivers. On one side, the feeling of happiness and satisfaction arises when helping their close relatives. On the other hand, there may be various negative consequences in the form of anxiety, stress, ill health, reducing of workhours, being unable to perform their duties properly, poor concentration, unable to participate in meetings. The municipalities social services can support caregivers through various efforts. Being clear with information and enabling relatives to seek support for their own part, Tret the caregivers with kindness and respect, involve them in care plans, provide quality support and services. Families wish to be seen, listened to and respected. They also need support of the professionals when crisis situations arise. Taking account of their views constitutes an important factor for family caregivers. Relatives also wish to become more involved in support of their relatives.

    Antal ord: 16043

    Nyckelord: Äldre, anhörigvårdare, närstående, informell omsorg

    Keywords: caregivers, elderly, relatives, informal care 

  • Hanell, Gabriella
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Elever i koncentrationssvårigheter: En kvalitativ studie om läsinlärning hos elever som be- döms vara i koncentrationssvårigheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the teacher education, there has been the opportunity to adopt different approaches to how classroom teaching is planned and structured. This has, for me, developed a strong interest to investigate further how students in concentration difficulties are handled in classrooms. However, in the area of concentration difficulties and reading learning, research is scarce. Thus, the area is in need of further research.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how teachers in the earlier years of the school describe reading learning among pupils who are considered to be in concentration difficulties. This was done through semi-structured interviews with six teachers from three different schools and the data was analyzed through a qualitative content analysis.

    The result shows that the teachers who were interviewed have a consistent view of pupils in concentration difficulties. The teachers believe that the teaching should be structured and well planned, but also that the teaching should vary within what is familiar to the pupils. The opportunities to divide the group of pupils and the fact that more teachers work together are seen as very positive. Adapting the level of texts that pupils encounter, though, is considered a challenge.

    The study shows that concentration difficulties affect reading learning partially, but that oth- er factors also affect reading learning. 

  • Remar, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Camilla, Johnsson
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Personers upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary  Title: Peoples experiences of living with heart failure - a literature review.   Background: Heart failure is a public disease and about 250 000 people in Sweden are diagnosed with the disease. How affected people experience the disease in everyday life is important in order to be able to help them as much as possible. Aim: The aim was to describe persons experiences of living with heart failure Method: A qualitative literature review with an inductive approach. 13 articles was used for the result. Result: Two categories emerged during the analysis work, emotional and physical changes. Experiences that could be learned in the result were hopelessness, frustration and depression, but also joy for the healthy life that has been, security in having people close and the will to keep going despite of the limitations. Conclusion: Heart failure generate a lot of mixed feelings. The findings show that it is of great importance for the health care system to be able to recognize the challenges of living with heart failure. This is to be able to support and educate the affected people. Knowledge of the symptoms is a coping strategy that creates security.  Keywords: Heart failure, security and insecurity, limitations, Theory of Planned Behaviour.

  • Duangdee Viktorsson, Maneerat
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Faisal, Gullan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Partners upplevelse av att leva med person med Alzheimers sjukdom2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Rath Olsen, Christoffer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Olsson, Kaspar
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Konstruktion av plattform, montering och drivning av höghastighetskameror2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Huynh, Leslie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Roos, Julius
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Power Asymmetry's Influence on Supplier On-Time Delivery Performance: A Case Company at Telia Company2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose with the study is to get an understanding of how a low-power retailer can incentivize their high-power supplier(s) to improve their supplier on-time delivery performance. The purpose was fulfilled by answering the two research questions:

    1. How does power asymmetry influence supplier on-time delivery performance in a low-power retailer and high-power supplier context?

    2. How can low-power retailers work with high-power suppliers to increase their supplier on-time delivery performance?

    Method – To answer the research questions, both theoretical and empirical data was required. A literature study was conducted to gather relevant theories about on-time delivery performance and supplier relations. To get the required empirical data, a case study was conducted at a case company that suited the subject. The case study consisted of multiple interviews and document studies. This enabled for an analysis in the form of pattern matching in order to answer the research questions and thereby fulfill the purpose.

    Findings – The power asymmetry between a supplier and a retailer influences the supplier on-time delivery performance in several ways. The low-power retailer can experience difficulties with setting the demands they need. Having to deal with high-power suppliers while being a low-power retailer has its challenges when a satisfying level of supplier on-time delivery performance is needed. The study found four appropriate ways for low-power retailers to work with high-power suppliers to get improved supplier on-time delivery performance. Improvement and changes can be done, these could be major and minor, internal and external.

    Implications – Both practical and theoretical implications have been provided. The practical implications are that the low-power retailer needs to know their power position in the dyadic relation and act accordingly to enable for a satisfying level of supplier on-time delivery performance.The theoretical implications are that this study has filled a knowledge gap regarding improvement of supplier on-time delivery performance. The knowledge gap would be the power asymmetry subject from a low-power retailers’ perspective. Not much attention has been devoted into this subject.Limitations – The limitation with this study was conducting a case study. The results are limited to this type of telecommunication retailing company. The case study was the choice of method as it gave a deeper understanding for the subject.

    Keywords – On-time delivery performance, supplier relations, power asymmetry, dyadic relationships

  • fintling, alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Wredberg, Philip
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    En undersökning av påverkande faktorer vid säkerhetslagerdimensionering: Inom elektronik till fordonsbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate how safety stock should be dimensioned for ingoing inventory based on factors in manufacturing electronic business with the vehicle industry as customer.

    - Which factors are important to have in consideration when dimensioning safety stock for ingoing inventory in the electronic to vehicle industry?

    - Which safety stock method is the most suitable considering identified factors in research question one?

    Method – To accomplish the purpose of this study and to answer the research questions, a literature study was conducted to form a theoretical framework. As a complement to the literature study a case study was conducted in terms of interviews and document studies.

    Findings – This study has identified factors that are important to take into consideration when dimensioning safety stocks. Through identified factors the most suitable safety stock method for companies in the electronic to vehicle industry was formed.

    Implications – Difficulties in this study has been to find relevant information regarding the electronic to vehicle industry. Information was necessary to find to create a trustworthy industry context.

    Limitations – This study only focus on the electronic to vehicle industry. This means that identified factors and suitable safety stock method are not necessarily applicable to other industries.

    Keywords – Safety stock calculation, delivery precision, delivery safety.

  • Drogkari, Stavroula
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Paediatric Assessments Measuring Children’s and Adolescents’ Perceptions on their Activity Capacity, Performance, and/ or Participation. A Systematic Review2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: In previous years, Occupational Therapy relied on the parents and caregivers’ perspectives about their children’s activity capacity, performance, and participation. The shift to a more child and family-centred practice has led to the creation of a variety of self-reported assessments for children and adolescents. This study reviewed articles containing paediatric self-report assessments, available for use within the Occupational Therapy area, and critically appraised them.

    Method: A systematic review in seven databases with the use of 22 search terms was conducted. Inclusion criteria was articles containing paediatric and adolescent reported assessments available to Occupational Therapists, published up to 20 years old and written in the English language. Exclusion criteria included articles containing impairment-based measures and proxy reported measures. The initial literature search took place between March 1st, 2018 and April 30th, 2018. Eighty-two articles met criteria, and, from these articles, 21 assessments were found and appraised using the COSMIN checklist

    Results:. Twenty-one assessments were found to measure children’s and adolescents’ perceptions on their activity capacity, performance and/ or participation. All their characteristics and technical details are mentioned in depth in this research. When applicable, clinimetric properties were appraised and found quite a few with good or excellent reliability and validity. Few assessments had not any research regarding their clinimetric properties.

    Conclusion: Most found assessments measured activity capacity and performance. The need for more participation-based measures emerged. Few assessments showed good or excellent reliability and validity which need to be considered if used within clinical practice.

  • Johansson, Alfred
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Bluetooth IPS med en mottagare och Kalmanfiltrering2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at investigating a central mounted Indoor Positioning System based onBluetooth RSSI values and Kalman filtering where the Bluetooth module is mounted on arotating arm around an axle. The purpose is to investigate how the length of the arm and therotational speed influence on the possible positioning accuracy of the artefact. As requested bythe company Combitech AB, the artefact will also be evaluated whether the design is areasonable alternative to de most common Bluetooth based Indoor Positioning Systems. Thecase study is performed using design science as an artefact is developed and evaluated. Theartefact is tested in a predetermined test environment, in this case an office room. In the testenvironment, measurements will be realized on the different iterations of the artefact. Theresult of the study is the achieved positioning accuracy for the artefact in two and threedimensions. Linear equations describing the relationship between the length of the arm andthe achieved accuracy of the artefact will also be proposed. The best accuracy achieved in twodimensions was 510 centimeters. The best achieved accuracy in three dimensions was 730 centimeters. The observed relationship between the length of the arm and the uncertainty ofthe trilaterated position is that when the length of the arm increases the uncertainty decreasesin both two and three dimensions.

  • Eriksson, Oliver
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Fransson, Eric
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Säkerhetslageroptimering av ingående komponenter och planeringssystemets inverkan: En fallstudie inom tillverkningsindustri2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to identify the significance of specific parameters and illustrate possible optimizations within safety stock on a component level. To fulfill the purpose, three research questions were formulated.

    [1] What parameters needs to be considered in the calculation of safety stock?

    [2] What opportunities for inventory and safety stock optimization can be identified within a manufacturing company, regarding purchased components?

    [3] How does safety stock affect risk and service level when simulating identified optimization opportunities?

    Method – The study was initiated with a pilot study in order to highlight the problem area and its context. Combined, the pilot study and literature review contributed to the creation of the purpose and research questions. The study is designed in accordance with a case study, used data collection methods included document study and interviews. The interviews generated qualitative primary data which intended to illustrate key employees’ knowledge and understanding of the researched phenomenon. The document study generated quantitative secondary data which intended to supplement and triangulate empirical data.

    Findings – Problems regarding different approaches when calculating safety stock, influencing parameters in combination with complex system environments poses a challenge for practitioners. Identification of opportunities within safety stock optimization and the selection of parameters can strongly affect the final outcome and consequently the organization’s wellbeing. The spectrum of parameters that should be considered when determining safety stock level is extensive, the impact of an individual parameter may vary depending on the context. A critical factor is to identify given circumstances, errors in judgement may cause disproportional levels of safety stock, resulting in shortage or excess inventory. Numerical calculations, taking into account a majority of parameters, proves to determine a more appropriate level of safety stock versus experience-based decisions. To only consider time period coverage based on lead time, as proven by simulation, will result in excess levels of safety stock, hence generating economical and practical implications. Therefore, studied phenomenon and similar are considered to possess favorable conditions for safety stock optimization. Complex system environments in which the studied company conduct supply chain planning, combined with advanced system logics, entails problematic situations. These conditions require a great amount of knowledge within a given system to effectively manage and filter critical information.

    Implications – The subject area safety stock in relation to optimization is thoroughly researched as proven by existing literature, hence generating new knowledge within the area is considered challenging. Despite the circumstances, this study succeeds to contribute some knowledge. The study presents and strengthens existing research regarding forecast and parameters effect on safety stock. Significant practical implications consist in revising the safety stock level in accordance to numerical calculation and differentiation of components in correlation to its importance.

    Limitations – The study only included one case company, therefore affecting the study’s generalizability. Simulation of numerical safety stock calculation within the study cannot be applied on the full range of components or similar companies. The selection of simulated components is deemed insufficient, nevertheless obtained result indicate significant possibilities for optimization within the organization. Restrictions regarding the number of investigated components and interviewed employees may have affected the final results. 

  • Andersson, Hilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Liljerud, Andreas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Hur barnen upplever samlingen i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om samlingen i förskolan samt barnens delaktighet och inflytande i denna.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Fransson, Tom
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Petersmo, Kalle
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Framgångsfaktorer för hantering av Ändrings-, Tilläggs- & Avgående arbeten (ÄTA) inom renovering och ombyggnadsprojekt2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Purpose: Alteration labour, additional labour and retiring labour are the sort of extra work that the contractor can add in addition to the original order. The management of this type of construction work have comprehensive variation from project to project. This sort of work provides changes in both labour hours and project costs. In other words, a high amount of these will increase the project costs. The goal with this thesis is to identify the success factors that contributes to better management process of alteration labour, additional labour and retiring labour for renovation and redevelopment projects. 

    Method: This thesis has been made with qualitative research. Literature study, document analysis and semi structured interviews are the methods that have been used. The literature study provided insight in the already available research in this area. The document analysis gave understanding of the company and comprehension regarding the amount of alteration labour, additional labour and retiring labour for each project. Lastly the interviews provided profound knowledge to how the employees at Skanska Direkt manage their handling process, and which type of improvements they thought will make positive change. 

    Findings: The thesis has resulted in clear and concrete factors that contribute to the management process for alteration labour, additional labour and retiring labour. There have not been presented any new methods for this, however the success factors have been brought to light. Both the empiricism and theory show that a symbiosis between the design, the number of crewmembers, documentation and registration, the cooperation with the client and the possibility for the co-workers to understand and know the project is of most importance.

    Implications: By implementing the success factors presented in this report the amount of alteration labour, additional labour and retiring labour can be reduced. The labour that anyway emerge can be handled in a smarter and more efficient ways. The implications of this actions will for instance result in lower personnel costs, gainful cooperation’s between contractors and client, less risk for penalty expenses connected to delays. And no more than a successful company. 

    Limitations: The thesis only contains research including four different projects. There has been no comparison between new construction and redevelopment. The research has not taken the clients aspects into consideration. The result of this research study will be useful for average and large construction companies focusing on renovation and redevelopment projects. 

    Keywords: Alteration labour, additional labour, retiring labour, turnkey contract, general contract, renovation, redevelopment, project planning, construction documents, cooperation.

  • Eklöv, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Liljeqvist, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Anpassning av byggregler vid förtätning på en begränsad tomtyta2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Today's urbanization requires densification of cities, which can lead to removal of parking lots, green areas and sunlight. To build and live in inner cities is expensive because of high land prices, complicated projects and a high demand for housing. Homes today are designed according to the regulations SIS and BBR, which in the inner cities leads to complications, especially regarding accessibility qualities and light conditions. The aim of this work is therefore to abolish certain rules regarding accessibility, room height and lighting conditions in order to simplify densification and create a new proposal of a planned infill property where a varied apartment structure has been achieved together with a potential financial gain.

     

    Method: The research methods of this work are qualitative and consist of literature studies, document analyzes and interviews. These were performed to analyze today's densification and result in a sketch where building rules were abolished to simplify some densification.

     

    Findings: The work outline shows that a multiple apartment structure is achievable via the abolition of certain BBR requirements that have created different types of apartments, interesting volumes, two-storey apartments and surface-efficient floor plans. Abolition of rules to simplify densification affects people in one way or another.

     

    Implications: Abolishing construction requirements in densification contexts can remove qualities such as daylight and accessibility in homes. Short-term solutions to the parking 

    shortage exist but densification with living ground floors is performed to solve the parking shortage in the long term by creating assets geographically close to people which reduces the need for car. Removing rules can lead to simpler planning and contribute with some economic advantage, but expensive new construction together with a high demand for central housing can make it difficult for low budgets and price reductions in housing.

     

    Limitations: The general result of this work on the elimination of rules works in densification contexts in other dense cities, but since the survey method is based on Jönköping's inner city and experiences and opinions linked to it, the general validity can be questioned. The sketch is based on one's own opinions and only suitable in this context.

     

    Keywords: Densify cities, infill, apartment buildings, urbanization, building rules, standard, accessibility, room height, lighting conditions, city center, inner city.

  • Sha, Nana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lin, Yun
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The factors affect the survival of international joint ventures involving Chinese family business2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explore what factors affect the survival of international joint

    ventures involving Chinese family business. The results show that “Wulun” , “ Guanxi -based

    trust”, and communication as the main factors, control, and “Mianzi” could influence on the

    survival of IJV. Among them, “Wulun,” “Guanxi-based trust,” and “Mianzi” derived from

    Confucian culture.

  • Wang, Shirang
    How population ageing affects technological innovation in perspective of human capital2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on panel data collected from 41 countries over the period 2007-2017, this paper analysis how population ageing affects technological innovation through three aspects from the perspective of human capital: the loss of knowledge and talents; reverse force and knowledge spillover. In this paper, the technological innovation index (TII) is calculated by using the factor analysis method. Further with this, a fixed-effects regression model is applied to discover that population exerts a significant positive effect on technological innovation through reverse force, while exerts negative effects on technological innovation through the loss of knowledge and talents and knowledge spillover.

  • Ivanov, Bozhidar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Vaino, Joonas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Computer literacy: Does a background in computer programming give you better cyber security habits?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Computers are everywhere around us today and skills must be acquired in order for a person to use them. However, the topic of computer literacy is not researched enough to specify basic computer skills to consider an individual computer literate. This thesis will contribute to the research gap by investigating the computer skills of the workforce in the IT sector.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to examine the connection between computer programming and cyber security skills of the IT professional, e.g. is there a beneficial factor of this connection.

    Method: For this study the quantitative research method was used to gather data. The authors decided that the best way to reach their target group and answer the research questions was to conduct a survey and pose questions on the topics of computer literacy and cyber security.

    Conclusion: The results show that there is a statistical significance between the user’s security habits and his or her programming skills (or the absence of them). People who write code, defined as programmers, scored better on security skills survey, whereas their counterparts, the non-programmers, have some knowledge on the topic but they can never be absolutely sure of their cyber safety in the fast changing world of IT.

  • Jernström, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Petersson, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Effektivisering av returflöde: En fallstudie med fokus på produkter med kort livscykel2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this thesis is to identify improvements in a returns flow for products with a short life cycle. Three research questions has been formulated in order to enhance the return flow: 1. How is the returns flow process built for products with short life cycle? 2. What are the challenges in the returns flow? 3. How can the returns process be improved? Method – In conversation with the case company and during the writers literature study a problem area was discovered. This established a foundation for the purpose and research questions. The study was performed as a case study which included observations and an interview. A case study was considered as the most appropriate method for this study since the writers aimed to gather profound knowledge within the subject. A theoretical framework was built upon the literature study to help the writers create an understanding of the returns flow and its challenges. Findings – To be able to identify possible improvements the study integrated data and theory. Recommendations based on this study is to introduce the function of gatekeeping in a returns flow, which contributes to a create a greater value in the returns flow. The analytical framework can help companies to implement better structures for their returns flow and the writers can also recommend to follow one standard which enables a more efficient return flow. Implications – The theory argue that the knowledge is lacking on how to manage a return flow, this is confirmed with the gathered data where the return flow is not designed to create efficiency. To tackle this issue, the writers choose to intertwine two returns flow theories together with a lean perspective. With the integration of these theories, this new viewpoint had the expectation to achieve a more optimal returns flow. This would also give the possibility to find the value creating processes within the returns flow and help to extract as much as possible of the product life cycle. Limitations – The study is limited to a case study, this entails that the credibility and the generalization is low. This is a disadvantage, but this study can be seen as a starting point and therefore the case study is the most suitable. The theoretical framework that is presented in the study also needs practical verification to earn credibility. 

  • Odicho, Marwa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Polymerutvärdering med hänsyn till genomsläpplighet av radiofrekvensvågor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ruiz Svensson, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Rådhall, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Social responsibility in the digital era: Digital communication agencies social responsibility in digital channels2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and problem discussion: Nowadays, it is crucial to implement social responsibility to business operations to succeed as a business. Companies face increased demands from customers and stakeholders to show their actions regarding social responsibility. At the same time, digital development is shaping the communication industry, creating new communication platforms in the world. The purpose of this study is to explore digital communication agencies role in the production and implementation of digital products within digital channels to best understand digital social responsibility. The study aims to answer the research questions: What social responsibilities does a digital communication agency have in regard to the products and messages they produce for digital channels? and How do digital communication agencies become socially responsible when using digital channels?

    Method: An abductive analysis method was applied to semi-structured interviews with digital communication agencies in Jönköping, Sweden. The analysis of the empirical findings has resulted in deeper understanding of social responsibility in digital environments; a study area that has not been explored before. Four digital communication agencies represent the average digital social responsibility mindset and business culture in Jönköping, Sweden. This gave us the possibility to research social responsibility on digital channels.

    Results, discussion and conclusions: The results show that the digital communication agencies clients are entirely responsible for the digital material published on their own digital channels. Although, the agencies do need to make sure they produce the best possible material for their clients to avoid bad relationships with stakeholders and a bad reputation. The results also show that social responsibility is not first priority for any company; profitability always comes first. The key to digital social responsibility is to work with the right clients and thoroughly analyse the client’s business operations to bring out the best in each case and to be prepared for backlashes. The digital communication agencies could also benefit from a crisis plan, to minimise stress and optimize the problem solving if a crisis would occur. If doing this correctly,the agencies enable genuine and honest digital communication, which minimises the risk of being perceived unfairly on digital platforms. This is especially of importance on digital platforms, where the speed, great reach and two-way communication makes it even easier to receive negativity and face backlashes. A digital communication agency can become socially responsible by working with the right clients, as well as producing and publishing genuine and honest digital communication.

  • Shimizu, Cogan
    et al.
    Data Semantics Lab, Wright State University, US.
    Hammar, Karl
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    CoModIDE – The Comprehensive Modular Ontology Engineering IDE2019In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings / [ed] Mari Carmen Suárez-Figueroa, Gong Cheng, Anna Lisa Gentile, Christophe Guéret, Maria Keet, Abraham Bernstein, CEUR-WS , 2019, Vol. 2456Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Wang, Shan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Yan, Tingting
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    How to balance the traditional Chinese culture and western management method in leaders’ management?: A case study on Chinese commercial bank SPDB2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Most of the state-owned enterprises and family businesses introduce Confucianism in their management in China, while private enterprises are used to apply western management philosophy. Due to the development of the times and policy adjustments, many state-owned enterprises have gradually transformed into a mixed enterprise which has some functions of state-owned enterprise and a profitability goal like private enterprise. This phenomenon implies the management in mixed enterprises need to figure out a solution to balance Confucianism and western management style in their leadership.

    Purpose:This paper tries to analyze a Chinese commercial bank SPDB to understand how Confucianism and western management style work together in one enterprise and provide suggestions to foreign leaders in their transactional management, meanwhile explore a new field for researchers.

    Method:This qualitative study applies one case study in a Chinese commercial bank, eight research respondents including leaders and employees. Data is thereby collected from semi-structured interviews and documentary secondary data. The analysis of the empirical findings is according to grounded theory, through a series of processes such as coding, re-coding, linking to identify the pattern behind the case.

    Conclusions:In the research, we find that traditional Confucian culture and Western management philosophy have many similarities in guiding leaders on how to manage enterprises. However, the different ideas between eastern and western culture may lead to inappropriate management behavior which may increase contradictions in organizations. For balancing the two culture in one enterprise, leaders need to consider the importance of ‘people’ in Chinese traditional culture, and thus adjust the western management methods, meanwhile, when recruiting new staffs and promoting current employees, apart from considering Guanxi, leaders should consider whether the performance of these employees can be recognized by other employees.

  • Trofast, Karl
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Strand, Carl
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Analys av transportlogistik: En studie för FläktGroup Sweden AB2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An important part in the area of logistics, is transportation logistics. In order to be a competitive and profitable industrial company, it requires to have a good strategy over the transportation logistics as this can be crucial of getting the products available in a cost-effective way

    The thesis work has been carried out at FläktGroup Sweden AB in Jönköping, Sweden which is a company that produces ventilation systems and fans. FläktGroup suspects that the present transportation logistics is not cost-effective and therefore wants to investigate whether there are improvement opportunities in this area.

    The study aims to contribute with knowledge and development where the current situation is analyzed with the aim of finding cost-effective action proposals for FläktGroup Sweden AB. In order to achieve this goal, three questions were asked:

    1. How does the current transportation logistics look like from a cost perspective?
    2. What improvement opportunities are there regarding the transportation logistics regarding the current situation?
    3. What results can the improvement opportunities generate?

    The study resulted in two action proposals that generated savings for FläktGroup:

    • Action proposal 1 à reduced transportation costs with 35 % compared to the current situation.
    • Action proposal 2 à reduced transportation costs with 9 % and a more predictable inflow of goods from the five most frequent suppliers compared to the current situation.

    The later part of the thesis contains a discussion where the action proposals are discussed as well as the study's validity and reliability. The thesis is then concluded with a conclusion and further recommendations for academic writing but also for FläktGroup Sweden AB.

  • Leed, Mathilde
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Connman, Maja
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Effektivisering av materialflöde via lagerlayout: En fallstudie på ett mindre underhållsföretag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to evaluate the non value creation which can occur within smaller maintenance companies’ warehouses. Utilizing a status analysis potential solutions as well as deficiencies will be found. Two issues have been created to answer the purpose; they are.

    1. Which parameters are vital for a well-functioning warehouse connected to smaller maintenance companies’?

     

    1. What aspects are important to take into consideration for restructuring of a warehouse layout for smaller maintenance companies’?

    Method – A pre-study was conducted at the case company, a smaller maintenance company for vehicles, to create a greater understanding of the company's problem area. In order to answer the two issues due to the purpose of this study, a case study was conducted. The case study consisted of a literature study, an interview, an observation and a document study. Six interviews were conducted with seven respondents to study the case companies current and preferred state. Two observations were conducted, of which one is the basis for a spaghetti-diagram the other was used to ascertain the collected data coincided with reality.

    Results – The choice of strategies and principles is of significance for a well-functioning storage, a combination of multiple principles is preferred also for smaller maintenance warehouse set storage location is preferable since it enables a well-known storage layout for the coworkers. This in turn creates non value creation activities can be reduced. This, in combination with classifying articles in the shape of an ABC-analysis, family groups, modern storage layout, popularity and similarities etc. Furthermore, a correct removal of articles is essential for a well-functioning storage. Utilizing a company's work power can result in non value creation activities being reduced or be used more efficiently, this being one issue for the case company.

    There are multiple aspects to consider during restructuring of a storage layout. Knowledge of the product which is being stored and what will potentially be stored is essential for the company. By identifying articles, the company will be able to create a new storage layout. A maintenance company should to execute an ABC-analysis and a Kraljics matris to create an overview of what is being stored. When choosing storage methods, strategies and principles are complimentary to each other and the company's internal functions. For smaller maintenance companies’ storage has restrictions regarding storage space which in turn necessities thorough survey of articles.

    Implications – The case study is based upon well-known theories within the subject of logistics and warehousing. New theories are not presented in the study; the authors however consider finding a lack of how the existing theories can be linked to warehousing operations for a maintenance company. The conducted study can be replicated in terms of work, however, the chosen strategies and principles are selected specifically according to the circumstances of the case company. Whit theory as a pillar it has justified why the material flow is not optimal and which theories are considered to be compatible with the case company.

    Limitations – The study was conducted as a one-case study. If the study had instead involved more companies, it had resulted in a multiple-case study which had generated in increased generalizability in the case study. The case study is limited to the internal material flow on the case companies warehouse. A larger number of interviews and observations could have led to increased reliability, as common deficiencies and potential solutions had resulted in greater credibility.

  • Lindberg, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Hoffman, William
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Effektivisering av reningsverk: En studie om hur resursanvändningen i reningsverk kan effektiviseras2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was "To map out how resource use in treatment plants can be made more efficient" in companies with treatment plants as a support process. To answer the aim of the study, two research questions have been established: "How can treatment plants be systematically mapped out?" and "How can resource use be made more efficient?".

    Method: A case study was conducted to get a holistic perspective and to collect as comprehensive information as possible. The data collection methods used in the study were: observation, interview, document studies and literature studies.

    Findings: Through theory and empirical data, an analysis was made to be able to answer the study's purpose and research questions. The result showed that Lean could be used to map treatment plants. Furthermore, factors that affect the efficiency of resource use have been identified. These factors consisted of the treatment plant flow, equipment, capacity, layout, technology, degree of standardization and manual handling.

    Theoretical contribution: The study's theoretical contribution is that Lean philosophy, with its tools and methods, can be used to map and study the flow in treatment plants. Factors for how resource use can be made more efficient have also been identified.

    Empirical contribution: A flow chart of the treatment plant process has been established and a spaghetti diagram was made for how the employee who works in the treatment plant moves to perform his or her duties. Further has information from observations, interviews, document studies and literature studies provided an understanding of the company where the treatment plant is located. Finally, a table has been compiled for which factors affect the efficiency of resource use. These factors can be of use to companies with treatment plants as support processes, but also companies with other types of support processes, when making their resource use more efficient.

  • Vavilov, Elena - Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Lessons about activism from a Swedish high school student: A rhetorical analysis of Greta Thunberg’s public speeches on climate change2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On the 15th of March 2019, more than 1.6 million students have protested in 125 countries against the climate change effects, as part of the Fridays for Future movement. The manifestations represented the biggest day of global climate action ever taken, according to media outlets. At the core of this movement stands Greta Thunberg, a Swedish 16-year old climate activist and a Nobel Prize nominee, whose actions and speeches serve as inspiration for both students and adults. 

    With a focus on environmental communication and climate activism, this research aims to find how the teenager addressed climate change topics and how she succeeded in conveying her ideas to audiences. It discusses how the rhetoric was constructed within her speeches, and which of the argumentative elements gave Greta Thunberg the ability to convince the public. The study combines frame and rhetoric analysis with a focus on the text of the speeches that Greta Thunberg delivered in three major international events. The purpose is to observe and understand the nature of Greta Thunberg’s activism by analyzing how the high school student used the linguistic tools and tactics in her public speeches, and to explore a few theories within the text: the issue framing of the climate crisis; the argumentative and discursive techniques that helped her to gain media and public attention. 

    The thesis concludes that the evolution of Greta Thunberg’s climate activism, from ‘no attention’ to global reputation, is based on grassroots activism, particular personality features, and efficient use of rhetoric devices combined with moral purpose argumentation.

  • Movaffaghi, Hamid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Pyykkö, J.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Svensson, S.
    Uppsala University, Division of Applied Mechanics, Ångström Laboratory .
    Large Span Timber Buildings Under Horizontal Forces2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In timber concrete composite (TCC) floor systems the concrete contributes to increase of the stiffness and research is ongoing to develop large span TCC floor systems with less supporting walls to create both modular flexibility and wide-open spaces. Nevertheless, removing supporting walls can degrade structural performance against horizontal forces (Ferdous, et al., 2019). Meanwhile both the height of the structure and the type of floor diaphragm (rigid or flexible) has influence on the magnitude of the lateral loads transferred to the supporting shear walls. This is a challenge, not least when prefabricated elements are used; the individual elements have to be connected to form a continuous floor diaphragm.

    The main aim of this paper is to study lateral load transferred to the shear walls through the TCC floor with both rigid and/or flexible diaphragms in low and medium-rise timber buildings. The focal point of the study is the analysis and design of floor elements and connection systems connecting the TCC floor elements to each other as well as to the adjoining structure.

    The case studies for low and medium-rise timber structures have been analyzed both using finite element modelling and analytical methods based on both deep beam theory and beam or diaphragm actions depending on the height of the structure. The results in this study indicate that the magnitude of load transferred to the shear walls depends on both the height of the structure and the type of floor diaphragms. The structural performance in terms of stability can be enhanced by effective use of connection systems of TCC floor elements.

  • Larsson Olaison, Ulf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Convergence of National Corporate Governance Systems: Localizing and Fitting the Transplants2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to elucidate the phenomenon of legal transfers from the perspective of the dominant comparative corporate governance research paradigm. Drawing on legal studies and empirical observations, the thesis develops a terminology for understanding the legal transplant metaphor in comparative corporate governance and problematizes the debate on the convergence or divergence of corporate governance systems.

    This purpose is achieved through five empirically-based articles that are included in the thesis. The first article concerns a change in the Swedish Companies Act that allows for stock repurchases. The second article discusses the voluntary and then mandatory introduction of nomination committees. The third and the fourth articles focus on the introduction of the Swedish corporate governance code. Finally, the fifth article discusses the role played by independent directors in the Swedish corporate governance setting.

    The focus on legal transplants broadens the framework of comparative corporate governance in three respects. First, it develops and applies a clearer framework for distinguishing between accepted and rejected legal transplants (based on Watson, 1974, Miller, 2003 and Mattei, 1994), thus refining the debate regarding convergence or divergence of corporate governance systems (e.g. Hansmann and Kraakman, 2004, and Branson, 2001). Second, the empirical studies demonstrate how imported regulations can be “localized” (Gillespie, 2008a) by local regulators and/or “fitted” (adapted from Kanda and Milhaupt, 2003) by other local actors. The studies show that fitting often precedes localizing. Third, the thesis ads to a growing body of research (e.g. Buck et al., 2004; Lutz, 2004 and Collier and Zaman, 2005) emphasizing that convergence and divergence are not necessarily two empirically or analytically distinguishable processes. Rather, depending on the perspective of the scholar, convergence and divergence might refer to very similar – or even identical – processes.

    Finally, in focusing on the transplant process, this thesis offers a description and analysis of the role played by various key actors in the Swedish corporate governance system.

  • Jonnergård, Karin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Larsson Olaison, Ulf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Doxa of shareholders and owners: on the threshold of financialization2018In: Accounting, Economics, and Law: A Convivium, ISSN 2194-6051, E-ISSN 2152-2820, Vol. 8, no 3, article id 20160011Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following financialization, there has emerged an understanding of what it implies to be a shareholder based on the shareholder value perception. However, as this shareholder value perception spreads internationally, it clashes with traditional perceptions. In this paper, we apply the language developed by Bourdieu to a Swedish public debate on equal treatment of shareholders in connection with the reform of the Swedish market for corporate control. Using Bourdieu’s conceptual framework, we describe how a global development interacts with the persistence of national practices. We conclude that in Sweden, local institutional investors have allied themselves with international institutional investors to enhance their positions in the restricted field of Swedish corporate control. Shareholder value is then used by these local actors as an argument to strengthen their position. At the same time, some of the controlling shareholders depart from their traditional position as industrial entrepreneurs and embrace a more financial approach to ownership, thereby altering both the power constellations and the capital, in Bourdieu’s sense, of the field.

  • Jansson, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Larsson Olaison, Ulf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Veldman, Jeroen
    City University, London, UK.
    Beverungen, Armin
    The political economy of corporate governance: editorial2016In: Ephemera : Theory and Politics in Organization, ISSN 2052-1499, E-ISSN 1473-2866, Vol. 16, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Gabrielsson-Järhult, Felicia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Kammerlind, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Digitala vårdmöten med läkare: Rapport av kvantitativ och kvalitativ studie2019Report (Other academic)
  • Knall, Nils
    et al.
    Lövgren, Christoffer
    Den yttersta framgångsfaktorn: Att förstå kundnytta och skapa kundvärde2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lahtinen, Harry
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Man måste tala med händer och fötter": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur sfi-elever upplever språkinlärning2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att få en ökad förståelse för hur elever inom sfi upplever den egna språkinlärningen i samband med utbildningstiden på sfi. Frågeställningen är följande: Vilka faktorer påverkar elevernas språkinlärning i svenska som andraspråk i skolan samt under fritiden enligt dem själva? Studien använde kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer som metod. Intervjuer genomfördes med sex sfi-studerande som valdes ut genom ett kriterieurval. Som analysmetod av det empiriska materialet användes kvalitativ analys. Fem kategorier framkom i resultatet; Tiden, Vad är viktigt att lära sig, Hur lär man sig?, Främjande och motiverande faktorer och Försvårande faktorer. Den slutliga indelningen i resultatdelen i nämnda kategorierna har inte skarpa skiljelinjer då delar av resultatet många gånger går in i varandra men jag ser kategorierna som motiverade då de också kunde belysa liknande faktorer ur olika aspekter.

     

    Resultatet visar att de intervjuade ser positivt på utbildningens längd trots att den varierar för olika elever men de har synpunkter på veckoschemat, särskilt studier lagda heldagar. Viktigt för dem var också att lära sig tala och skriva på ett så grammatiskt korrekt som möjligt då de ansåg att det kunde underlätta integration i samhället. De ansåg att de lär sig bäst genom interaktion, stöttning i studierna samt att undervisningen bedrivs på en individuellt anpassad nivå. Både integrativ och instrumentell motivation ur olika aspekter lyftes fram som viktiga. Försvårande omständigheter enligt de intervjuade var att de ansåg introduktionen för kort eller att den var obefintlig. De hade även synpunkter på det kontinuerliga intaget i kurserna samt att elevgrupper på olika studievägar och kurser tidvis blandades. Försvårande var också att flera av de intervjuade arbetar och studerar samtidigt vilket leder till förkortad tid för återhämtning och vila samt frånvaron i skolan blir hög. De som har familj och barn vill inte försumma dem och såg det som problematiskt att behöva ägna delar av fritiden åt läxor, läsning inför prov och repetition.

  • Glad, Calle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Bäck, Elinor
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Lean i byggproduktion med fokus på arbetsmiljö2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: As of today, the knowledge of lean production, and its development into the construction industry, lean construction, has been well described in most of the necessary aspects. In what way lean could affect the work environment in a construction project, be it good or bad, has to date not been thoroughly documented. In Sweden, lean has been mildly tested in the construction industry but the results concerning the effect it has on the work environment is yet to be found in the literature. Lean itself is a strategy for manufacturing processes. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the knowledge of lean itself and how it, theoretically, could affect the work environment at construction site.

    Method: To achieve the purpose, documents from the participating company concerning work environment has been analysed in order to visualize what routines the company currently follows. In addition to this, seven interviews were conducted with employees of the company. The persons participating in the interviews were asked about how well they think the work is organized on the construction site right now and furthermore about their thoughts of lean-concept that had been produced, based on the theoretical framework.

    Findings: Based on the theoretical framework and findings in the empirical data that has been collected, a lean-concept was developed and refined. The concept includes what routines and what documents that are vital when implicating lean in an effective way, and also what needs to be considered in order not to impede the work environment at the construction site.

    Implications: Implicating a well-structured lean-concept in the construction process of a project would, theoretically, most definitely improve effectiveness within the project. It could also improve the work environment of the project, considering the risk awareness and the easier waste-control that the concept could provide. However, it could also make it worse through the elimination of variance and monotonous work tasks that are needed to improve the effectiveness.

    Limitations: The most important limitations that the study has had is the fact of it only being a theoretical implication of a lean concept, not a practical case study of the sort. This is due to the defined and limited time that project has had. In addition, the study has also had to limit its’ research to the frame supplement phase of the construction project. This is because of the fact that the work with the theoretical framework and the empirical study would have been too overwhelming, had the study considered the entire production phase of a construction project.

  • Delkic, Lejla
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Socialt hållbar förbättring av bostadsmiljön för ett miljonprogramområde: Miljonprogrammets område Lextorp2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: At the beginning of the 20th century there was a large housing deficiency in Sweden. Over time the housing deficiency developed into a political issue and resulted in the million-program. One million homes would be built during 1965-1974. The million-program constitutes a large part of Sweden’s total housing stock. Many of these areas quickly became segregated and socio-economically weak. Municipalities are now faced with the decision to either phase out or develop the areas. The purpose is to investigate which measures can contribute to a better social sustainability and attractiveness in million-program areas. The aim of the study is to investigate which measures are effective in improving a sustainable housing environment in a millionprogram area. Method: The study has been conducted as a qualitative study in the form of interviews. Document analysis has been implemented where the information has contributed as a support but also as an eye-opener to find different solutions that are relevant in the case study. Observation in the area has been made to give the author a perception of the area. A literature study has been done to support the investigation and to receive information to create a foundation for the study. Findings: The main result of the analysis is that a key factor in achieving a sustainable housing environment is a major focus on social sustainability. The work with the social sustainability should be focused and deliberately with long-term perspectives. There are many ways of working with social sustainability, but a big part is to promote integration into socio-economically weak residential areas. The social issues form a basis for achieving a result and answering the questions set for the study. In order for the residents to have as pleasant living environment as possible, they should be given influence in various decisions made for the area. Implications: Proposed measures must be adapted to the specific conditions of each area. In order to contribute to an increased social sustainability it is important that the environments of the areas are well managed and completely clean. Social sustainability can also be improved through active work on social issues, which also contributes to increased attractiveness. The concept of social sustainability also includes urban design. A city that is well designed, safe and pleasant and has a good and functioning living environment is something desired. Limitations: The study is limited to only one million-program area since there is neither time nor resources available to map the problem on a larger scale. Own proposals are not presented, neither from an economic nor an architectural perspective, which could affect how the questions set for the study are answered. The focus is on whether planned measures are effective and whether these measures are sufficient to make an area attractive again.

  • Andersson, Jesper
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Gard, Ludwig
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    En analys av CO2e-utsläpp vid tillverkning och transport av prefabricerade betongelement2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The global concrete consumption amounts to 25 gigatons annually, making it the most widely used building material (Petek Gursel, et al. 2014). The continued increasing world population in connection with urbanization will lead to a greater demand for cement. The problem with the increased manufacturing process of cement is that carbon dioxide emissions in 2020 will account for 10-15 % of global CO2 emissions, compared with the values measured in 2016, which only reached 5-8 % (Habert & Ouellet-Plamondon, 2016). The aim of the thesis is to analyse stages in the manufacturing process of prefabricated concrete from an environmental point of view with consideration to CO2 emissions. This will later result in providing concrete improvement measures or alternatively only provide useful knowledge for the concrete industry’s future. The stages that will be analysed are transport, concrete, rebar (reinforcement) and cellular plastic production.

    Method: The methods chosen for the implementation of the thesis were Literature Studies and Interviews. The purpose of the literature study was to educate the authors on the subject and collect various results from current research. The interviews contributed to the necessary information to be able to carry out the analyses at work.

    Findings: The thesis has resulted in a total amount of CO2eq emissions in four different stages in the concrete manufacturing process. Cement proved to be the biggest contributing factor to CO2eq emissions. There are several different measures to reduce CO2eq emissions in the concrete manufacturing process. The measures discussed the most frequently concern the cement production, which is favourable for the concrete production as a whole. The discussion also highlights measures taken in action at a concrete factory level.

    Implications: This study shows that cement accounts for the majority of the total CO2 emissions for concrete production. Therefore, much focus placed on improving the cement production with consideration to CO2 emissions is necessary. This does not mean that less focus should aim on research for green transport, insulation production and steelmaking. All productions stages have potential for improvement. Hence, it is important to continue the research to reduce the total CO2 emissions in the production of prefabricated concrete elements.

    Limitations: The study was limited to the manufacturing process of prefabricated concrete. A specific project HUS F was analysed for CO2 emissions in four production stages; concrete, reinforcement, insulation materials and transport.

  • Eriksson, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Hur undervisas nyreligiositet?: En intervjustudie med gymnasielärare om nyreligiositet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande uppsats undersöks hur religionslärare undervisar om nyreligiositet i religionskunskap 2. I uppsatsen har vilka metoder samt vilket urval i innehåll lärarna gör i undervisningen om nyreligiositet varit i fokus. Frågeställningarna hur lärare arbetar med kränkningar/förutfattade meningar om nyreligiositet samt vilken omfattning ämnet har i undervisningen har även varit aktuellt. För att få en tydligare ingång har uppsatsen försökt lyfta den problematik som ofta lyfts i undervisningssituationer och som ofta skapar en utmanande miljö att undervisa för lärare men även en utmaning för elever att lära i. För att undersöka frågeställningarna och få fler synpunkter har åtta lärare intervjuats som undervisar i religionskunskap 2. En hermeneutisk metod har använts för att tolka deras svar. För att koppla de intervjuade lärarnas undervisning till den nedskrivna didaktiken har den teoretiska utgångspunkten utgått från didaktiska teorier, främst de tre modellerna förmedlingsdidaktik, progressionsdidaktik samt hermeneutikdidaktik. Resultatet visar på att hur lärare undervisar i förhållande till metoder, innehåll samt omfattning är ytterst individuellt. Det visar på en markant skillnad i hur undervisningen kan förefalla om nyreligiositet och i vilken omfattning den bedrivs. Resultatet visar även på att hur lärare väljer att hantera kränkningar/förutfattade meningar även är individuellt, men lyfter även behovet av ingripande när detta sker i klassrummet.

  • Markström, Magnus
    Language skills: How teachers in Years 7-9 prioritize and teach language skills in their English lessons2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to study how teachers of English, in years 7-9 focus on various language skills in their lessons. To do this it is necessary to answer several questions. The first question is what language skills are the most important, according to research and steering documents. The second question is what language skills the teachers see as the most important and whether these are the same skills that they focus their teaching on. The third question is what reason the teachers have to focus on certain language skills. The fourth question is what methods the teachers use to teach these language skills. These questions are answered through theories of English foreign language teaching, especially the communicative approach. Previous research shows that all skills are important for English language proficiency. However, the results from the interviews show that the teachers tend to focus on reading, writing and to a lesser extent listening. This is according to the teachers because it is the skills that the students are least proficient in. Furthermore, there are several methods presented that explain how certain language skills may be taught. The language skills studied are reading, writing, speaking and listening. The results have been reached through semi-structured qualitative interviews with teachers working at a single school. The teachers’ answers, together with the theoretical background, have given several results. A result that emerged in this study was that there is a dissonance between what language skills teachers consider the most important and what language skills they teach in their classrooms. 

  • Hill, Richard
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    When to use aluminium in home environments, according to democratic design2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about how aluminium correlates to democratic design. It includes comparisons between different materials used at a company that develops products according to democratic design. The analysis of how aluminium correlates is done in order to identify if the company has used and are using aluminium in the correct way, in a home environment. This report also includes some examples of analysis of product types, to show which would and whish would not benefit from being made out of aluminium.

  • Duvander, Jacob
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Romhagen, Oliver
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    What affects the choice of a JavaScript framework: Interviews with developers2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years frameworks for JavaScript has become a large part of web development. There has been a lot of discussion between developers which framework to use when developing a project since there is a large pool of frameworks to choose from. This paper aims to find out what factors affects the choice of framework according to web developers in the business. The earlier studies found on the topic of JavaScript frameworks focuses on the technical aspects while this study will focus on researching the pragmatic internal and external factors that affects the choice of framework. This will contribute with a different view to the field in contrast to the existing technical studies. To find answers to the research question qualitative interviews with web developers at different companies were conducted. 5 companies agreed to participate, and a total of 8 web developers were interviewed. The interviews were recorded and later transcribed. The results were analyzed through a thematic analysis. By analyzing the results several different factors were found, and by finding connections in between them they were then categorized into different themes. The themes found was demand, usability, community and reputation. Through the discussion of the findings it was found that the factors influencing the choice of framework can vary depending on if it is a personal project or a larger project at a company. For personal projects user gratification was major factor, while in companies the ability to collaborate was one of the main factors. To answer the purpose of the study the choice of framework depends on who is using it, what kind of requirements a project has, the resources of a company, and the locations demands. Therefore, different frameworks can be suitable for different situations.

  • Eriksson, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Parflo, Emelie
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Mobile application onboarding processes effect on user attitude towards continued use of applications2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The growing popularity of smartphones in recent years has led to an increase in mobile application development and use. However, a large number of mobile applications are only used once before being removed. For companies and organizations to spend time and money on application development only to achieve low user retention rates is unsustainable. During their first interaction with a mobile application it is crucial that users find functionality and value quickly to avoid discontinuation of use. User onboarding is often implemented in mobile applications to aid in first time interaction, making onboarding processes subject of investigation for effect on user attitude towards continued use of mobile applications.

    The study examined mobile onboarding processes and their effect on user attitude towards continued use of applications as well as the difference between onboarding processes effect on user attitude towards continued use of applications. The study was conducted within-subjects through a survey consisting of interaction with two prototypes with different onboarding processes and a questionnaire based on the technology acceptance model in order to investigate the variables of interest. The results of the survey were analyzed to measure the effects of the onboarding processes on the factors of the technology acceptance model and to investigate the differences between the onboarding processes.

    The results showed that user onboarding has a positive influence on perceived usefulness, attitude towards use and intention to use. There was no significant difference between the different types of onboarding patterns effect on attitude towards continued use. The positive effects on attitude and intention to use confirmed that implementing onboarding processes in mobile applications could be beneficial for value proposition and user retention. The perceived usefulness proved to be the determining factor on attitude and intention to use.

  • Siyasinejad, Seyedmohammadali
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Teodosiev, Teodor
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Value Co-creation Practices in Brand Community of Airbnb2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Value co-creation emerged at the beginning of the 21st century as a new way of understanding of value and its creation which occurs around individualized experiences of co-creation, leading to the creation of value that is exclusive to every person. In the essence of the concept of value co-creation lays the service-dominant logic of marketing. The investigation of value co-creation within brand communities has been emphasized in recent years. The practices of brand community members play a significant role in the value co-creation. Since Airbnb has never been looked as a brand community in the value co-creation literature, it remained unclear how value can be co-created through the practices of Airbnb community members.

    Purpose: How value is co-created between brand community members of Airbnb (between hosts and guests and guests themselves) through their practices in their experiences within the corporeal world?

    Method: In order to meet the purpose of this study, authors applied a qualitative method. Further, a netnographic strategy has been employed which led us to collect online-posted reviews of Airbnb guests from Airbnb website. Authors used purposive sampling by selecting the only guests who had the previous experience of stay in Airbnb accommodations in cases of on-site hospitality. 155 reviews of different guests from 31 accommodation profiles were collected in three waves of data collection. Moreover, a grounded theory coding was employed in order to analyze the data.

    Conclusion: We identified 14 sub-categories of value-creating practices that emerged under four major categories, namely: practice of sharing, practice of communicating, practice of saving, and practice of authenticating. Further, in the process of elaboration of main elements of practices (i.e. objects, doings, and meanings), we found general connections of these elements within the practices of hosts and guests (i.e. Airbnb community members) that helped us to understand how value is co-created in their experiences within the corporeal world.

  • Eriksson, Carl-Oscar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Tornberg, Jesper
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Värdeflödesanalys i ett råmaterialflöde: En fallstudie där icke-värdeskapande aktiviteter och dess orsaksfaktorer identifieras2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose with this study is to map a raw material value flow analysis and identify non-value-creating activities and propound suggestions for improvement.

    Method – The study is a case study based on an inductive approach with quantitative elements. The used methods is of a qualitative character since the study is based on interviews and interpretation based on observations of the basic data collection. The data collection has been done through literature studies, interviews, observations and document studies. In order to achieve high credibility, it has been important that the design of interview questions can be linked to fulfillment of the purpose. This work was done to minimize the risk of systematic errors.

    Findings – The study's results are based on a mapping of a flow where a current analysis was carried out to then later end in a value flow analysis. Based on the value flow analysis, it appeared that a shortage in the flow was high levels of waste. The largest identified waste was a lack of quality, mainly due to the production of defective products. This shortcoming also affects large parts of the flow. The measures proposed in the study are to implement standards through a change in the culture of the company, and to continue to work on continuous improvements.

    Implications – The result, which shows the importance of working with streamlining waste, which in this case leads to a lack of quality, mainly in the form of production of defective products. The study can be seen as a practical contribution to manufacturing companies, by embracing these proposals for action, it should generate a better consensus on the quality of the business. Also a theoretical contribution where further research could look at how to technically and psychologically implement a change like this.

    Limitations – It can be difficult to generalize the results as this is a study conducted as a one-case design. Furthermore, it is also complex to investigate and develop a study that shows how quality is linked to corporate culture.

  • Andersson, Cornelia
    Jönköping University.
    How Digital Tools are Used and Perceived by Students with Dyslexia and Teachers within the Swedish Classroom2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how digital tools are used and perceived by students with dyslexia and their teachers within a number of English classrooms in the Swedish upper and lower secondary school. The study is based on five interviews. Two of the interviews were conducted with students from upper secondary school and three with teachers from lower and upper secondary school. The background section defines and describe terms such as dyslexia, ADD/ADHD and digital tools that are helpful for students with dyslexia. The method chosen for this paper is qualitative. The conclusion of this research paper is that the students’ and teachers’ perceptions of digital tools are mostly positive and that they find them helpful when it comes to coping with dyslexia.

  • Shamun, Isabell
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Franzén, Lucas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Hur bostäder kan utformas med innovativa dagsljussystem2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: There is a housing shortage taking place in the municipalities and cities of Sweden due to an increased population and urbanization. To manage this, the urban planning has been altered and transformed into densifying the cities. The result of this strategy is dense and tall buildings with insufficient qualities such as daylighting and view out. Studies have shown that daylight is of importance for the human health, in correlation to this the criticism against the old-fashioned daylight regulations have increased and a new set have been introduced. In addition, new methods have been developed to optimize the energy balance and to increase the daylighting. By acknowledging these factors, it is of great importance to study how an increased housing stock can be made without the expense of the daylighting quality of a dwelling. The report aims to study what an implementation of innovative daylighting systems can carry out for dwellings in Sweden.

    Method: A secondary data analysis was conducted of innovative daylighting systems. This was made in combination with a focus group which involved professional experienced participants to review the design of dwellings in consideration of daylight. Based on the result of the methods mentioned above a case study was conducted to examine the consequences of an innovative daylighting system.

    Findings: By controlling the daylight supply, the functions of a dwelling could be situated differently. An IDS in the shape of a light-pipe was a suitable solution for a dwelling made accordingly to Swedish standards and provided daylight to the less illuminated areas of the apartment. With this solution a refurbishment of a complex building was made possible. As for the IDS, it is considered as an option for increasing the daylight supplement. To acknowledge further positive outcomes with the system from a design perspective, a reassessment of the current daylight regulations must be done. A re-evaluation of the regulations is considered to prevent the exploitation insufficient dwellings.

    Implications: The current daylight regulation is not sufficient. This prevents the opportunity to establish new design concepts which considers the quality of the dwelling. With new technology complex and empty buildings can be re-done and acquire a new purpose. A modernized interpretation and a new technology for daylight is thereby an option for achieving a sustainable urban densification.

    Limitations: The study is limited to only assess one building which decreases its ability to be commonly accepted. However, the majority of the buildings prerequisites are common as they apply to regulations and qualities of a dwelling.