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  • Ljungvall, Anton
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    "Sånger som kan samla en rörelse": #Nymusikipingst2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following is an analysis of the congregational songs published by the Swedish Pentecostal denomination Pingst FFS, under the project name #Nymusikipingst with intention to create a common expression and a sense of community for the Swedish Pentecostal movementSwedish Pentecostals have a history of being opposed to centralized influence and control, making the centralized production of congregational music somewhat controversial. At the same time, global congregational music production has become one of the global Pentecostal church’s primary sources for the regular encounter of theological messages, besides the texts of the Bible. 

    The aim of the study is to analyze what theological and anthropological themes are most prominent in the songs and how the relationship between God, Man and environment is illustrated. I initially provide a short historical presentation of the history of Pentecostalism on both a global, and a national scale, followed by a brief overview of the traditional theological and anthropological views of the Swedish Pentecostal movement. 

    I use a method of thematic content analysis when approaching the material, in order to preserve meaning-bearing devices and to allow for a deeper understanding of the message in the texts. This also means that the analysis is, to a large extent, dependent on subjective interpretation and selection. I therefore rely on a historical background for comparison and to establish the four major themes I use to describe what has traditionally constituted the Swedish Pentecostal theology and anthropology.

    The results of the study show that much of the traditional theological and anthropological views of the Pentecostal movement is represented also in the new songs, although with a few exceptions. For example, the songs seem to devote little room for describing stances on community and interhuman relationships. Also, the texts refer nothing to the theme of glossolalia and almost nothing to the blood of Christ, both of which are symbols that have long been closely tied to Pentecostal theology and identity. It is noted in the conclusion, that the reason for the exclusion of these subjects is unknown, but that it might suggest their lessened importance within the Swedish Pentecostal movement and provide basis for further studies on the subject.

  • Solo Nasic, Mirzeta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Odicho, Sali
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Palm, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Hälsobesök och viktförändringar hos skolbarn: En registerstudie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Overweight and obesity among children and adolescents is a growing problem globally with many underlining causes. Children’s and adolescent’s change in weight has fluctuated over many decades; these changes have mostly increased but sometimes had a certain period of stagnation. The aim of the study was to investigate changes in BMI as well as the prevalence of overweight and obesity among pupils 6-16 whose health assessment was administrated by school nurses during the period from 2012 to 2018.  Method: quantitative register study, based on unidentified data of length and weight of school children in a medium-sized municipality in southern Sweden (n= 38 806). Watson's Caring Science Theory was chosen as a theoretical foundation. Results: No significant change in prevalence of overweigh and obesity was found. A significant decrease in BMI was found in children in fourth and seventh grade. And increase in BMI was statistically proven only in girls in first year of senior high school Conclusion: The results does not show the desirable decrease in overweight and obesity among school children, and thus the school nurse has a great responsibility and an important role in identifying, preventing and initiating measures against overweight and obesity in children.

  • Alfredsson, Antonia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    The Impact of Preconceived Notions: A Literary Study of Moral Complexity in the Harry Potter Series2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the use of the character Harry Potter as focalizer in the Harry Potter series. The objective is to see how Harry’s preconceived notions are caused by his inability to grasp moral complexity. The study is conducted by a close reading of the novels with the focus on the relationship between Harry and the character Severus Snape. The study is based on the theoretical foundation of narratology by Gérard Genette, as well as Wolfgang Iser’s explanation of the implied reader. Many instances of interaction between Harry and Snape in the book series are dependent on Harry’s viewpoint and his preconceived notions. Harry as the focalizer of the text affects the implied reader’s given view of Snape, while the real reader sees other parts of his personality due to the independence from the focalizer’s point-of-view. Snape’s moral complexity shows by the choices he makes is the cause of the misconceptions held by Harry and the implied reader. 

  • Swärd, Ida
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    The Significance of the Unconscious:: A Literary Study of Fear Factors and Psychological Blockings in the Harry Potter Series2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This essay examines various fears presented in the Harry Potter series along with the psychological blockings connected to each fear. Furthermore, this study examines whether the effect of the characters’ actions and behaviours in situations that frightens them can simulate strategies of managing fears in real-life situations as well. The study has been conducted through a close reading of the Harry Potter series and by using psychoanalytical criticism, based on Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis and Lois Tyson’s explanation of the concepts defences and core issues.  

    The analysis shows that there are some defences that are more common among the characters and that those defences determine long lasting behaviours. Some characters, such as Harry and Dumbledore, show that it is possible to manage and also overcome fears if being determined to not be consumed by the fear. Moreover, the analysis demonstrates that characters’ core issues are closely connected to past experiences in life. In conclusion, the analysis highlights that the fears and strategies depicted in the Harry Potter series in fact do mirror real-life situations and strategies of managing fears.  

  • Östlund, Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Johansson, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Wellbeing of persons with dementia without restraints and coercion2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Najar, Nasik
    et al.
    School of Technology and Design, Department of Civil Engineering, Växjö University, Sweden, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hultman, Bengt
    Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Land and Water Resources, KTH. Stockholm, Stockholm Sweden.
    Water management and technology in Swedish municipalities - assessment of possibilities of exchange and transfer of experiences2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The water and wastewater infrastructure began to be developed in Sweden more than one hundred years ago. Much attention was given, in the beginning, to fire prevention and hygienic problems with water borne diseases. Somewhat later storm sewers (combined system) were constructed to remove storm water and wastewater and then successively more efficient wastewater treatment plants were developed. Today water and wastewater handling is seen as a multidisciplinary subject where also attention is given to possible effects of climate changes and possibilities for resources recovery.

    Implementation of advanced water and wastewater systems involves not only different technologies but also effective administration and legislation. The implementation may be on national (also involving EU directives), regional and local scale. As a case study, the local implementation will be illustrated for the municipality Växjö in South Sweden with about 80,000 inhabitants.

  • Al-Najjar, Nasik
    School of Technology and Design/Civil Engineering, Växjö University, Sweden.
    The future water supply of Växjö municipality – evaluation of different alternatives2007In: Vatten, ISSN 0042-2886, Vol. 63, no 4, p. 299-312Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The water supply in Växjö municipality has since 1887 been based on surface water from Lake Helgasjön. A water treatment plant was built in 1957 and was extensively reconstructed in 1969 but there are still problems to accomplish with drinking water quality, mainly related to temperature, smell and taste, manganese and aluminium rest. The present water consumption has periodically approached the water treatment plant maximum capacity. A performed risk analysis showed that catastrophic consequences for the water supply could occur due to an accident in a nearby traffic route or discharges from an industrial area. In 1997 Växjö municipality decided to perform a comprehensive investigation of different alternatives for future water supply. Seven alternatives were evaluated including remedial measures at the present water treatment plant. The chosen alternative was based on supply and conveying ground water from the Berga Esker in Ljungby municipality. Re-infiltration of ground water will be used to guarantee the required water quality and quantity and will be implemented in autumn 2008 with a planned supply of 200 l per second delivered to about 70,000 persons in the municipalities of Växjö and Alvesta. The article describes the different alternatives, motives for the chosen alternative and the evaluation procedure.

  • Pajamäki, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Hannes, Fritzson
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Flyktingar i svenska tidningar2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Najar, Nasik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science. School of Technology and Design, Department of Civil Engineering, Växjö University, Sweden.
    Hultman, Bengt
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Cost-effective water supply and sanitation2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Water supply and sanitation have about the same goals all over the world. The needs for safe water supply and sanitation are obvious although not generally implemented. This depends often on the economical situation and bad management. Additional factors are effects of war actions and natural disasters as flooding of rivers and tsunamis. The strategies are, however, similar independent of the actual conditions. In this paper the strategies as developed in Sweden are described related to practical implementation of technology and management strategies. The experiences have shown on both mistakes and successful handling. Today, Sweden is involved in both adjusting policies according to European Union rules (as EU Water Framework Directive) and also in sharing experiences to facilitate international implementation of cost-effective methods.

  • Zaar, Stina
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Ström, Evelina
    Påverkan är ett faktum...: En studie om familjehemssekreterares arbetssätt och stöd samt resonemang kring möjlig påverkan kopplat till biologiska barn i familjehem. 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete var att undersöka hur familjehemssekreterare resonerar kring familjehemsföräldrarnas biologiska barn samt eventuellt arbetssätt och stöd riktat till de biologiska barnen. Metoden som använts för att svara på̊ syfte och frågeställningar är semistrukturerade intervjuer med sammanlagt sex personer som arbetar som familjehemssekreterare. Studien kommer även kopplas till maktteori samt teorin om KASAM. Empirin har analyserats med hjälp av en tematisk analys. Resultatet visar att familjehemssekreterarnas arbetssätt mot biologiska barn i familjehem har likheter men även skiljer sig åt. Det finns inga generella riktlinjer i arbetet med de biologiska barnen, vilket medför frihet i handlingsutrymmet hos familjehemssekreterarna. Denna studie pekar på vad tidigare forskning har konstaterat att möjlig påverkan på biologiska barn kan vara både positiv och negativ. Studien visar på att det finns förbättringsmöjligheter kring att fånga upp och lyssna till de biologiska barnens upplevelser, då familjehemssekreterarna anser att barnens perspektiv är viktigt att ta i beaktning. 

  • Al-Najjar, Nasik
    et al.
    School of Technology and Design/Civil Engineering, Växjö University, Sweden.
    Hultman, Bengt
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The water and wastewater situation in Iraq – problems and possibilities for counter-measures2004In: Vatten, ISSN 0042-2886, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 269-274Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A summary is given of the water and wastewater situation in Iraq before the Gulf War 1991, the situation after the Gulf War and the recent effects of the conflict in 2003. The access of safe water was halved in certain governorates after March 2003 and half of the sewage works were out of function with a discharge of untreated wastewater into rivers and channels. The supply of electricity was less than 4 hours per day in January 2004 and caused discharges of untreated sewage on streets etc. The leakage from the water net was estimated at 60%. The wastewater system in 3 out of 5 schools was estimated to be out of function and epidemics have especially affected children and caused increased mortality. Special issues like the illegal openings of water pipes and security have worsened the situation. The Swedish knowledge of water and wastewater handling may have an important role in rebuilding water and wastewater handling in Iraq and different possibilities are exemplified.

  • Hollender, Alicia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Klaesson Mases, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    "Det ska alltid finnas en öppen väg till mig": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur enhetschefer inom funktionshinderomsorgen upplever och förhåller sig till anhörigas delaktighet och inflytande2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has taken a qualitative research approach, where ten semi-structured interviews with unit managers within disability care were conducted. The study’s overall aim is to investigate unit managers experiences of relatives’ participation and influence in users’ care interventions within disability care. The following research questions have been central for the study: How does the unit manager view relatives’ participation and influence? How does the unit manager approach relatives’ participation and influence? 

    Through thematic analysis two main themes with two subthemes each have been found. In the first main theme, The unit manager’s view, the unit managers give their account regarding their view of relatives’ participation and influence in users’ care interventions. The two subthemes identified are Involvement – in different roles and Opinions and expectations where it was found that relatives can be found in different roles around the user and primarily contacts the unit manager when there is an issue with the care intervention. In the other main theme, The unit manager’s approach, the unit managers express the way they address relatives’ participation and influence in users’ care interventions where the subthemes Respectful and perceptive and Empathetic and understanding were shown. The unit managers state that it is important to respect and be perceptive to relatives’ desire to be involved and have an understanding and show empathy for relatives whom can have a difficult time. 

    Lastly the result of the interviews with the unit managers is compared to previous research connected to relatives’ participation and influence. A discussion based on this is carried along with Twigg and Atkin’s (1994) four theoretical models for how professionals address relatives.

  • Najar, Nasik
    Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering School of Architecture and the Built Environment Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Water management and performance on local and global scales: A comparison between two regions and their possibilities of knowledge transfer2010Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem to secure safe water supply, good sanitation and a good watercourse and marine environment status has become increasingly complex and at the same time more and more important to meet. It has been recognized, that an integrated approach must be used to meet not only technical and scientific aspects, but the role should also be included of factors such as economics, acceptability, capacity building, and efficient management in the overall view. Integrated approach efforts need to be introduced at different levels, i.e. among the population as well as at municipal, regional (county administrative board, county council, water authority) national and international (EU, global) levels. An important goal is that various activities should follow similar objectives.

    One important factor in this respect is the Brundtland report in which the concept of sustainability was highlighted and universally accepted, even though similar ideas had been put forward earlier. Based on the concept of sustainability a common policy has been developed from Agenda 21 at the local level to globally formulated Millennium targets. Independently of the country, general consensus seems to exist on overall goals for water and sanitation. However, there is a big difference in the way the goals have been implemented in different countries depending on priorities to other areas of concern as political systems, economic conditions, and the degree of capacity building. The experience developed in Sweden and in large parts of the Western world has been judged to be of great value to be transferred to other countries with a lower development or lower standards of water and sewerage systems. For this reason, several global and regional agreements are presented, and two regions (the Baltic Sea and the MENA regions) were chosen to assess similarities and differences between them. Obvious differences are the relatively abundant supply of water in the Baltic region, while the MENA region is one of the world's poorest regions with regard to water availability. Major differences also exist between countries within each region. Among the similarities is the need to achieve similar demands on the quality of discharged wastewater in the long run. The Baltic Sea Action Plan controls the stringent requirements of wastewater quality in the Baltic region, and in the MENA region the growing interest in wastewater reuse for irrigation, industrial use and also for reuse as clean water is the guiding factor.

    On the national level Sweden and Iraq have been selected for description and discussion and at local level Växjö in Sweden and the cities of Baghdad and Erbil in Iraq and the Kurdistan region of Iraq, respectively. While Växjö municipality has been able to follow a path in line with achieving sustainability the situation of cities in Iraq and Kurdistan are entirely different due to failed investments and maintenance of infrastructure for a long time as well as the effects of war. This is discussed in detail and the actions needed to restore and improve the infrastructure are described.

  • Mårtensson, Hannes
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Elever, politik och valår: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av vad som påverkar elevers politiska intresse2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Unga anger idag ett ökande intresse för politiska frågor. Valdeltagandet ökar ständigt och allt fler ungdomar anger att de själva kan påverka sin egen vardag. Samtidigt anger många ungdomar att de har lågt förtroende för partipolitiken och menar att den inte kan lösa de problem som finns i Sverige. I stället engagerar sig ungdomar mer i sakpolitiska organisationer eller rörelser. Denna uppsats syfte är att ge en bild av hur gymnasieelevers politiska intresse under valtid kan påverkas av dess närmiljö, med fokus på hemmet och skolan. Uppsatsen ämnar också utreda vilka externa respektive interna påverkansfaktorer som elever i en homogen grupp utsätts för. Detta utreds genom frågeställningarna: Vilka faktorer anger eleverna har påverkat deras politiska intresse? Hur har dessa faktorer påverkat elevernas politiska intresse? Samt vilka samband eller olikheter går att utläsa gällande elevernas politiska intresse utifrån den gemensamma kontext de befinner sig i?

    Dessa frågor besvaras genom en kvalitativ intervjustudie som är utformad utefter en teoretisk inramning bland annat innehållande Erik Amnås Jourhavande medborgare (2008), där han skriver om extern och intern påverkan av elevers intresse för politiskt engagemang. Uppsatsens slutsats är att de intervjuade ungdomarnas inställning till valet har påverkats av en upplevd plikt att rösta i valet. Vidare kan uppsatsen även påvisa att föräldrars inställning till valdeltagande även kan ha påverkat elevernas egen inställning. Slutligen framkommer det genom intervjuerna att eleverna generellt är mer benägna att ta till sig information som delas med dem utan att de själva behöver inta en aktiv roll. Ett exempel på detta är ”push-notiser” från mobiltelefoner.

  • Häll, Fredrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hallberg, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    “We are ready for a new energy future”: En kvalitativ analys om hur Vattenfall kommunicerar CSR på YouTube.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Consumers' demands regarding how companies should engage in social and environmental issues are becoming increasingly stringent. At the same time, research show that companies are spending more resources than ever before on the same issues, but despite this, companies' communication about society and the environment is fairly unexplored. Few articles in the field (Corporate Social Responsibility, CSR) chart corporate communication around Agenda 2030 and a third lacks theoretical perspective, which is a major concern for the development of theorizing the phenomenon.

    The purpose of this study is to help fill this research gap and to help theorize how companies communicate CSR on YouTube. This is done by analyzing the state-owned energy company Vattenfall. The study examines which focus areas Vattenfall focus on in their videos and how these are communicated through the design.

    The thesis results show that Vattenfall focuses its CSR communication on environmental responsibility. The empirical data has a clear link to environmental responsibility and is permeated by values ​​that can be linked to social responsibility, while it is only possible to see the hint of financial responsibility.

  • Anna, Sennerö
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Fokus nutrition - när engagemang och kunskap förbättrar patienters hälsotillstånd: En fallstudie av ett förbättringsarbete av nutritionsprocessen på en medicinsk vårdavdelning på Capio S:t Görans Sjukhus.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Malnutrition is associated with decreased quality of life, depression, prolonged hospitalization and shortened lifetime. This master thesis describes the study of improvement through involving an improvement team working in two medical departments that treat patients with hematological, oncological and lung diseases.

    Purpose The purpose of the quality improvement is to support better health by improving the nutrition process. The purpose of the study is to describe how the improvement team through its work creates commitment int the department.

    Method Nolan’s model with PDSA-cycles and description of microsystem with 5P-model are used for the improvement. A case study that included semi-structured interviews was performed with content analysis. An employee questionnaire regarding nutrition knowledge was also performed which provided quantitative data.

    Results The result of the improvement shows a greater number of cost registrations but not jet higher daily intakes of energy. The result of the study describes how the improvement team has affected the improvement work based on the following themes: existence and dynamics, individualized guide and shared understanding of the goal.

    Conclusion The study of the improvement work shows that the improvement work has contributed to an increased level of knowledge in nutrition both in the improvement team and in the department. The study also shows that a dynamic improvement team can influence the culture of the department by increasing commitment

  • Erlandsson, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Mer evidensbaserad vård för att bättre riskbedöma, förebygga- och behandla postoperativt illamående: En organisatorisk fallstudie av ett enhetsöverskridande förbättringsarbete i en komplex perioperativ verksamhet på ett Universitetssjukhus i Sverige2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), is associated with suffering in patients, extended postoperative recovery time and increased costs of care. A quality improvement initiative (QI-initiative) to improve application of evidence-based PONV guidelines was done. An evidence-based PONV-guideline was introduced together with a simplified algorithm of the guideline. A large educational and information effort was carried out and the guideline was integrated in the medical journal. An organizational case study was conducted on the QI-initiative, aimed to investigate conditions that can promote or obstruct adherence to an evidence-based guideline. Data from focus group interviews (analyzed through qualitative content analysis), results from measurement data- and documentation from the QI-initiative were combined and triangulated.

    A high adherence to the evidence-based PONV-guideline was achieved together with a tendency of decreased incidence of PONV. The study showed that the training- and information effort together with the algorithm ​​contributed to the successful result of the QI-initiative. Difficulty of accessing information in the organization was an obstacle. Therefore, access to a more user-friendly- and developed information technology, together with an increased number of educational opportunities for staff, had probably led to an even better result of the QI-initiative.

  • Andersson, Joanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Lexler Hansell, Felicia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Förhållandet med media grundas i en ömsesidig respekt": En kvalitativ intervjuanalys av räddningstjänstens insatsledare och polisens presstalespersoners kommunikation med medier vid olyckor2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien fokuserar på hur räddningstjänstens insatsledare och polisregion Öst presstalesperson väljer att kommunicera och hantera media vid en olycksplats. Syftet med uppsatsen är att ge en ökad förståelse för hur räddningstjänstens insatsledare och polisens presstalesperson hanterar kommunikationen med media vid olycksplatser i Jönköpings Län. Studiens empiri har samlats in genom kvalitativa intervjuer med en semi-strukturerad ansats som sedan tolkats genom fenomenologi. Studien är baserad på en teoristyrd analys, där teorierna har varit i fokus vid analysen av materialet. För att analysera resultatet av intervjuerna har vi använt oss av teorierna pliktetik, kriskommunikation och dagordningsteorin. 

     

    Slutsatsen av studien är att räddningstjänstens insatsledare och polisregion Östs presstalesperson hanterar kommunikationen med media på ett liknande sätt. I kommunikationen med media är det viktigt att de håller sig transparenta och endast förmedlar den information som efterfrågas och utan att kränka någons personliga integritet. 

  • Sandström, Moa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Green, Alice
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Avskyvärda monster och förstörda offer: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av gestaltningen av sexuella övergrepp mot barn på internet i svensk- och kanadensisk press2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    20 percent of the world’s children have been subjected to sexual abuse and with the development of the Internet, perpetrators are given more opportunities to contact children for sexual purposes. There are clear guidelines for how sexual abuse of children should be portrayed in the media and how it affects the victims. The study will investigate how two of the largest daily newspapers in Sweden and Canada depict the same case of sexual abuse of children via the Internet. We also intend to investigate how the countries relate to their press ethical rules in their depiction of the case and to examine the change in the portrayal before and after the verdict.

    Eight articles have been reviewed in analysis charts through the methods qualitative content analysis and framing analysis. The articles are taken from the Swedish newspapers Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet and the Canadian newspapers The Globe and Mail and Toronto Star. One article from before and one after the offender’s verdict has been analyzed from each newspaper. The case is about a Swedish man who exposed children to sexual abuse over the Internet and the victims were from the US, Scotland and Canada. This was the first Swedish case involving sexual abuse on the internet, which was classified as rape and, with the outcome, it could set the standard for similar cases in the future.

    With the support of the framing theory, previous research and the countries’ press ethical rules, we can establish that there are interesting differences and similarities in the portrayal of the case. The Swedish newspaper articles describe the crimes graphically and in detail, while the Canadian articles describe the crimes using adjectives. The Swedish articles contain descriptions and statements that convicted the perpetrator prior to judgment. A striking similarity between the countries' articles is that the main focus is on the perpetrator. Both before and after the sentence he is demonized for the crimes he has committed and the articles portray him as a horrific monster.

  • Nord, Linnea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Svensson, Lovisa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hållbarhetshjälten – illusion eller verklighet?: En kritisk diskursanalys av McDonald’s Sveriges hållbarhetskommunikation2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Arvidsson Lille, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Swedenborgiansk Anarkism": En politisk-teologisk studie om relationen mellan mystik teologi och politisk filosofi hos Ivan Aguéli2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, my aim is to investigate the correlation between the political philosophy and theology in the Swedish nineteenth century painter, activist, mystic and vagabond Ivan Aguéli. The study places itself in the field of political theology, where the question of, and in some cases the search for, a theological affirmation or neglection of political and social authority is being processed. The results from the study is being discussed with some of the thinkers in this field in order to illuminate the results in the light of well-established theories and concepts. The interest of this essay is foremost to investigate how the individual notion of the nature of God effects the notion of social structures, which on a structural level can affect how our societies are being organized.In the study it becomes clear that the neoplatonic modalistic understanding of God and an anarchist morality and organizational form strengthen each other in Ivan Aguélis political theology. Aguéli holds the view that a new politic and a new understanding of the metaphysics is inseparable. Because of this view the individual process of salvation and the anarchist revolutionary struggle is understood to be utterly co-dependent. Therefore, the abandonment of the prevailing civilization and the birth of a new spiritual and social body occur simultaneously.

    Key words: Ivan Aguéli, political theology, anarchism, mysticism, religion and politics, hermeneutics

  • Nissan, Natalie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Norrlin, Tilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "DU ÄR INTE SÄRSKILT FEMINISTISK NU FAKTISKT WELL vem FAN tror ni är det hela JÄVLA tiden?": En samtalsanalys av två feministiska aktivisters kommentarsfält på Instagram2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this qualitative study is to examine which communicative strategies and ideologies that flourish in the comment spaces of two of Sweden’s biggest feminist activists on Instagram. By examining the structure of the conversations, we will finally discuss whether the feministic discussion in this forum is open or not. This study analysed one post from each activist, Cissi Wallin and Natashja Blomberg. Afterwards the belonging comment spaces were analysed and compared.

    The posts were analysed with rhetorical tools. The comment spaces were analysed with rhetorical tools and conversation analysis with belonging concepts. They were also analysed with an ethnomethodology perspective. The study is based on the theories Althusser’s ideology concept and the third wave feminism. The theories are used to answer the questions on which communicative strategies that are dominant among the followers who leave comments on the feminist activists posts, how the comments that share or do not share ideology with feminist activists are addressed and finally discuss whether the discussion is open or not in the two activists comment space.

    From the comments that were analysed certain conclusions were drawn. First, the communicative strategies that were dominant in the comment spaces were straightforwardness as well as solidarity and closeness. Second, that the followers who did not share ideology with the activists were negatively responded, while the followers who did share ideology with the activist were backed up. From the theories and methods this study was based on the final conclusion were drawn, that the feministic discussion in the comment spaces is not open.

  • Snygg, Mikael
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Vem är miljövänlig?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om miljömässiga normer, attityder och beteenden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental challenges linked to human impact have come into focus globally in recent decades. According to research, a noticeable change in temperature in the environment compared to the pre-industrial revolution should be the result of, among other things, increased CO2 emissions into the atmosphere from human activity. These environmentally unsustainable levels of CO2 emissions are the result of strong societal growth based on corporate production and the individual's consumption of goods and services. Therefore, understanding individual consumption behaviors becomes a relevant topic to study for a sustainable environment. The purpose of the study is therefore to increase the understanding of how the individual thinks about their own consumption, in relation to the negative environmental impact this consumption generates. The study interview consists of eight Swedish college students from Jönköping University. From a socio-psychological perspective, students' norms, attitudes and behaviors regarding their consumption of goods and services in relation to the environment are analyzed. Qualitative interviews have been interpreted and analyzed with hermeneutical interpretation methodology and with the theory of planned behavior. The results of this interview study show that regardless of, or because of today's influence from the environment most of the students surveyed believe that they will change their own norms, attitudes and behaviors with increased consumption if they receive a higher financial income after graduation.

  • Hjalmar, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Heléne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av läkemedelsförskrivning inom primärvården: En systematisk litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The district nurse holds a central role in Swedish primary health care with his/her speciality being able to prescribe drugs. Both education and experience are required for the task. Clinical judgement develops gradually the more competent and experienced the nurse becomes. Being responsible for prescribing drugs is a complex situation and a step towards becoming an expert. Patricia Benner´s (1984) description of the nurse´s transition from novice to expert was chosen as a theoretical foundation.

    Aim: To describe the experiences of district nurses in prescribing drugs in primary health care.

    Method: Systematic literature study with qualitative inductive design. Data collection has been done through block search containing free text in the databases Cinahl and Medline. Ten articles corresponded to the purpose and were included. Thematic analysis described by Braun and Clarke (2006) with a focus on the semantic content has been used.

    Result: Being able to prescribe drugs contributes to holistic care. Education is crucial in the preparations of becoming an independent prescriber but it takes time to grow into the role. There is a need for training in clinically implementing the prescription drugs. Being able to prescribe drugs is associated with increased workload. Getting support from colleagues leads to integrating prescribing into daily work.

    Conclusion: Growing into the role of an independent prescriber takes time and means that the district nurse must dare to take responsibility. Both theoretical and clinical training are needed as well as support from colleagues and organization. All of these are factors that leads to increased job satisfaction and self-esteem.

  • Börjesson, Gabriel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Bakran, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    ”Jag kommer först, barnen kommer först och bolagen kommer först!”: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys och en kvalitativ textanalys av vad som presenteras som framgång i Framgångspodden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines how success is presented in the podcast Framgångspodden. The purpose is to examine how success is presented in the intros of the guests and which impression women want to mediate of themselves as successful. The study is theoretically based on Pierre Bourdieus idea of capital form, Erving Goffmans theory about self-presentation and postfeminist theory. The analysis is divided into two parts and contain both quantitative content analysis and qualitative textual analysis with thematization.

    In the first analysis we identify which capital forms figure in the intros of the guests by the naming of employment titles, symbolic capital occurred most often. In the second analysis, three themes appear clearly in the way women want to present themselves. The three themes are The will to present everything, The importance of the free will and Relations = a personal profit. The conclusion shows that in the presentation of success there is a taboo to talk directly about money, presentment of unreachable goals and an individualistic mindset concerning relations.  

  • Jonsson, Sanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Joelsson, Elvira
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    En ros är en ros, men inte här. Här måste den betyda någonting.: En multimodal kritisk diskursanalys av patriarkala strukturer i reality-tv och en fiktiv dystopi.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study constitutes a comparative content analysis between a reality-show and a fictional dystopia and aims to examine how power structures manifests rewards and punishments. The analysis is based on two research questions: How are rewards and punishments constructed in Bachelor Sweden 2019?and: How are rewards and punishments constructed in The Handmaid’s Tale?In the analysis, multimodal critical discourse analysis (MCDA) is used both as theory and method, completed with gender theory and feminist theory along with associated sub-concepts.  

    The result of the analysis is presented in three themes: The exercise of powerThe man as the goal andThe stereotypical man and woman.The result isalso discussed in relation to current patriarchal structures in the society. The result confirms previous research that has already established that underlying power structures between the sexes are mediated by both real and fictional characters, regardless of genre.

  • Danielsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hammarberg, Felicia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kunglig spänning och snabbare bonus: En multimodal kritisk diskursanalys om tre spelbolags förhållningssätt till konsumenten i reklamfilmer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years it has been a significant increase of commercial production of gambling advertising. Regardless the new laws that has been a new element in politicians’ ambitions in order to reduce this type of communication in marketing. New studies present numbers that gambling addiction are continuously enhancing, and gambling commercials affect persons extensively. These increasing numbers of commercials are the head category within the gambling industry. In purpose of today’s gambling addiction, gambling commercials and the accurate society debate, it became natural to examine communicative strategies that three of Sweden ́s biggest gambling companies are using in their commercials. The main object of study is Nano Casino, Leo Vegas and Snabbare. The study aims to create an understanding how gambling companies exhibits commercials through strategies that is meant to lead to consumption. The study is based on MCDA that also is implemented as the method and theory. Through the multimodal critical discourse analysis, the focus is primarily on the linguistic and visual choices in order to see hidden messages and strategies in the material. Based on the content in the gambling commercials we have distinguished three discursive themes. These discursive themes originated from specific pieces that was identified in the analyzed material; commercials as something engaging, the viewer as a game consumer and the typical gambler. Furthermore, the analysis result shows hidden messages that is about gambling companies perspective and their vision of their consumers.

  • Wattsson, Mattias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Gustav Vasa - folkhjälte eller tyrann?: Historieskrivning kring Gustav Vasa mellan 1920-20182020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Gustav Vasa – public hero or tyrant?

    Historical writing about Gustav Vasa between 1920-2018.

    The purpose of this essay was to see the development in historical writing about Gustav Vasa between the years of 1920-2018. The essay focuses on the historical writing about Gustav Vasa’s personality, his acquisition of power and the uprisings that took place against him. The thesis had, as a theory, that Gustav Vasa’s role as a national symbol, previously has played a major role in the historical writing about him. According to the theory, in that case, the historical writing about Gustav Vasa would change sometime in the middle of the 20th century, which was also the case. It turned out that from the 1920s to the 1950s, there was a predominantly positive writing about Gustav Vasa. After the 1950s, a change in the historical writing about Gustav vasa took place, and the historical writing became less advantageous. What is included in this essay is how and when that change occurred.

  • Haglund, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Haglund, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Blir tårögd när staten ifrågasätter min rätt att existera": En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av SVT och SR:s webbjournalistik och bevakning av Girjasmålet mellan 2015-20192020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The indigenous people of Sweden, the Sámi, is a people that has been discriminated against ever since the Swedish colonialization of the North in the 14th century. They still experience exclusion and racism to this day and age. A big step towards the decolonization of the North and justice for the Sámi was taken when Girjas sameby sued the Swedish state on the accusation of violating their indigenous rights. This is an issue of high importance to both the Sámi and the Swedish community and should therefore be on the media’s agenda.

     

    The aim of the study is to examine the Swedish public service’s coverage of indigenous issues, and the possible differences in coverage between their national, regional and local editorials as well as between their indigenous and Swedish platforms. Retriever Media Archive was used to collect 527 articles, out of which 406 were valid for this case study. The method used to analyze the data is a quantitative content analysis based on the theoretical framework of agenda-setting theory, media logic, media shadow, news values and editorial choices, post-colonial theory, and critical discourse analysis.

     

    The most prominent conclusion of this case study is that there is a big difference in how often the case of Girjas is being mentioned in public service’s news coverage. It is most often cited by the indigenous editorial, and the least by the national editorials. This is problematic as a probable risk is that the audience, the Swedish majority, is not receiving vital features of the case. This paper also strives to problematize the exclusion of minority issues in the media.

  • Lindahl, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hall Hansson, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Klimatförändirngen i mediernas spotlight- eller?: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av klimatförändringsrapportering i svenska tidningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines media coverage of climate change in Swedish newspapers during 2018 and 2019. Two Swedish newspapers, Dagens Nyheter (DN) and Aftonbladet, are examined and in these newspapers, themes will be identified in their climate change coverage and how the coverage is framed. The aim of this study is that it will work as an indicator in showing the coverage of climate change in DN and Aftonbladet and if it varies between the newspapers and over time. The method that is used is a quantitative content analysis since the study examines how frequently the different themes that exists in newspapers are covered. The material consists of articles from 60 days that has been chosen through a simple random sample.

    The result of the study was that 14 different themes within climate change coverage were identified in 2018 and 2019. In 2018 DN published more articles than Aftonbladet, DN also covered more themes. In 2019 Aftonbladet increased the number of articles they published and also covered more themes; this may indicate increased interest of climate change coverage during 2019. DN’s coverage of climate change was consistent between 2018 and 2019. When it comes to the different frames within climate change coverage the study found that no bigger difference between 2018 and 2019 existed. The result also showed that the newspapers rarely questioned climate change and that the solution to climate change was reported being on national or transnational level. 

  • Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Sköld, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Alla är ute efter mina pengar": En semiotisk innehållsanalys av SVT:s julkalendrar ur ett klassperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie är syftet att granska huruvida Sveriges Television (SVT) uppfyller den del av sitt public service-uppdrag som säger att de inte ska generalisera. Detta genom en kvalitativ analys av hur samhällsklasser representeras i SVT:s julkalendrar. Julkalendern visas varje år och har en bred målgrupp men är framför allt anpassad till barn, vilka påverkas mycket av det de ser på tv. Därför är det viktigt att undersöka om SVT generaliserar, eftersom det finns en risk att barn får en skev bild av verkligheten och sig själva. Vi använder oss av klassteori med marxistisk bakgrund för att teoretiskt definiera samhällsklasser. För att analysera resultatet används en semiotisk metod där vi letar efter denotationer och konnotationer som kan säga något om karaktärernas klasstillhörighet samt personlighet. Resultaten diskuteras sedan i jämförelse med tidigare forskning om hur SVT har uppfyllt sitt sändningstillstånd tidigare, vilka klasstereotyper forskning har identifierat, hur barn påverkas av tv och vilka teman som har framställts i julkalendrar.

    Vår studie kommer fram till att arbetarklassen och underklassen till viss del representeras stereotypt, men inte enhetligt. Detta gör att SVT här uppfyller sändningstillståndets krav på att inte generalisera. Överklassen och medelklassen däremot representeras både stereotypt men också tämligen enhetligt, vilket blir en form av generalisering. Således kan dessa representationer sägas strida mot sändningstillståndet.

  • Infante Riol, Jazmin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Different approaches to parental involvement in Swedish, Norwegian and Finnish preschools: A systematic literature review2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The value and importance of parents being involved in the education of their children is an essential component in the educational model of the Swedish, Norwegian and Finnish preschools, and is reflected in several official policy documents. This thesis is a systematic literature review on the topic of parental involvement and different typologies of parental involvement have been identified. Several authors have described four dimensions in which parental involvement can occur: parental involvement at home, parental involvement at school, parental involvement during home-school communication and parental involvement through community involvement. The aim of this study is to identify the different approaches and cooperation strategies that Swedish, Norwegian and Finnish preschools use to involve parents in the Early Childhood Education and Care of their children and, furthermore, to see if there is any relationship between the practices identified in the studies analyzed in the “results” section of the thesis and the typologies of parental involvement that appear in the “background literature” section of the thesis. The research questions of the present investigation are: 1) What are the different approaches used by Swedish, Norwegian and Finnish preschools in order to involve parents in the preschool education and care of their children?; and 2) What is the relationship between the practices of the studies analyzed and the typologies of parental involvement that appear in the background literature? The results show that parental involvement at home is the most common form of parental involvement in the studies reviewed, while the least common is community involvement. However, the sample of my research is not large enough to obtain conclusive results.

  • Andrésen, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Strand, Kristoffer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Beställarens inställning till den utsläppsminskning av växthusgaser som förväntas ske i bygg- och anläggningssektorn till år 20302019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose: Climate changes has got a lot more attention together with drastic actions required to reduce human impact on the climate. Many companies in the building and construction industry have signed up to work with emission reductions of greenhouse gases and reach a goal of 50 % reduction by 2030. But how this should be done and which actions that is needed to make this goal happen is not as clear.

    The goal of this report is to develop proposals on actions to help clients and construction companies in their environmental work.

    Method: The report has been carried out as a qualitative study where five interviews has been conducted, four of them with clients and one with a construction company. In addition, both a literature study and a document analysis has been applied to validate the result and conclusion.

    Findings: The report concludes that the client has an important role to play in pushing the environmental work forward, something they themselves experience. It also concludes that it requires more collaboration between the companies in the industry to achieve the goal by 2030. Therefore, procurement forms that make it possible need to be used. It requires new thinking from the purchasers in procurements where, for example soft parameters such as experience should be given greater value and different types of procurement are needed. But also, ecological and social aspects need to be highlighted more to achieve sustainable construction. 

    The report concludes that it is still the price that decides when projects are procured. It also states that neither the theory or the respondents think there is a long-term perspective in the construction and civil engineering sector. And that it is related to why the lowest price is chosen during procurement.

    Implications: For the environmental work to continue and increase is standardized tools to measure the climate footprint in production needed, to make precise analyses. At the same time is cooperation with the legal side needed to succeed in setting legally correct environmental requirements. In addition, the focus from economic aspects also needs to be shifted to a long-term perspective and the best for the project, through soft parameters and social and ecological aspects.

    Limitations: Only the goal to 2030 will be addressed, and only clients and construction companies within the building and construction industry will be investigated.  

    Keywords: Emission reduction, Climate impact, Client, Procurement, Long-term, Innovation, Sustainability. 

  • Johansson, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Niskanen, Fanny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Behovsanpassning av lägenheter om högst 35 m²2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Every year over a million people moves within Sweden, studies show that the main reason is that the residence no longer can satisfy the needs of the household. A challenge when designing a multi-family building is to accommodate for a wide variety of needs that are constantly changing over time, which is a current issue when dealing with sustainable buildings. The aim of the report is to investigate how apartments no larger than 35 m² can be adapted according to the needs of a household.  Method: The methods chosen are of qualitative form and contains a literature study, unstructured interviews and a design process.   Findings: An accommodation that are adapted according to needs imply that the use, accessibility, flexibility and efficiency of all functions must be considered for the accommodation to be adaptable according to the current needs of a household. This is important to keep in mind when planning smaller residencies, as all functions and all the needs must be accommodated for in a very limited space. The implementation of a flexible floor plan can contribute and make it easier to adapt a dwelling according to the needs of different households.   Implications: The conclusion of this work is that a dwelling can be adapted according to needs with the help of a flexible floor plan. This is possible by using different approaches and guidelines that the authors themselves followed and developed. Examples of these approaches are to identify the types of households that may be living in the residence, identify the needs of those households (regarding workspaces, sleeping places, social areas etc.) and to identify which activities that might be carried out simultaneously in the residence. Something that should also be kept in mind is to design the apartments so that the residents can easily choose for themselves where the functions are to be placed, for example giving them the freedom to plan where to put inner walls that easily can be taken down or built up.  Limitations: The floor plans that the authors have produced are adapted to the conditions and project that were given by the collaboration company, however the ways of thinking and the principles used are generalisable and can be applied when designing other projects. A limitation made in the report is that no economic factors have been considered. If there were a budget to reference the floor plans that were produced might have been more realistic in regards of production.   Keywords: Adaptability, flexibility, small households, needs, lifestyle, multi-family building   

  • Maier, Benedikt Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "No Planet B": An analysis of the collective action framing of the social movement Fridays for Future2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Calais, Linus
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    The Ingredients of Culture: A Study on Cultural Identity and Cultural Belinging in Relation to Food in Hiromi Goto's Chorus of Mushrooms2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Food is something every human consumes in order to survive. However, cuisine and culinary practices hold more power than the basic biological need. Food can be used as a tool to express cultural identity and cultural belonging. Culinary practices and traditions make crossing cultural borders entirely possible on an everyday basis. A fictional novel which explores the symbolic meaning of food in connection to cultural identity and cultural belonging is Hiromi Goto’s Chorus of Mushrooms (1994). In order to analyse the way that Goto portrays the characters Naoe, Keiko, and Muriel in relation to food and how they use food as a tool to construct their cultural identities, and define their cultural belonging, a close-reading analysis of the three female characters was conducted. The results of the study show the difficulties of completely excluding oneself from certain cultures which the individual comes in contact with on a regular basis. Naoe, trying to maintain a Japanese lifestyle in Canada, is determined to only consume Japanese food with the intention on sustaining her cultural identity and cultural belonging. Keiko, Naoe’s daughter, completely casts her Japanese heritage away and tries to adapt to the new influences of culture in Canada, only cooking Canadian food. Caught between Naoe’s and Keiko’s radical principles, Muriel, the granddaughter of Naoe and daughter of Keiko, is left to search for her own cultural identity and cultural belonging. Using food, Muriel combines both Japanese and Canadian culinary traditions in order to embrace her cultural in-betweenness and replace the uncertainty she feels by embracing a cultural hybridity.

  • Bauer, Christine
    et al.
    Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Institute of Computational Perception & LIT AI Lab, Linz, Austria.
    Ferwerda, Bruce
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Conformity Behavior in Group Playlist Creation2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A strong research record on conformity has evidenced that individuals tend to conform with a group’s majority opinion. In contrast to existing literature that investigates conformity to a majority group opinion against an objectively correct answer, the originality of our study lies in that we investigate conformity in a subjective context. The emphasis of our analysis lies on the concept of “switching direction” in favor or against an item. We present first results from an online experiment where groups of five had to create a music playlist. A song was added to the playlist with an unanimous positive decision only. After seeing the other group members’ ratings, participants had the opportunity to revise their own response. Our results suggest different conformity behaviors for originally favored compared to disliked songs. For favored songs, one negative judgement by another group member was sufficient to induce participants to downvote the song. For originally disliked songs, in contrast, a majority of positive judgements was needed to induce participants to switch their vote.

  • Tosic, Elda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Jokes are funny; murder is dramatic: A comparative study of the effects of breaking maxims in Fresh Prince of Bel Air and How to get away with murder2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are rules that regulate how conversation should be conducted, these are called conversational maxims. This paper aims to identify instances of breakings of the conversational maxims in the Tv-series Fresh Prince of Bel Air and How to get away with murder; one of which is a comedy series and the other a drama series. Speech in a Tv-series is supposed to reflect natural conversation, still the dialogue is written for a specific purpose. The study, therefore, also aims at studying how scriptwriters use non-observance of the maxims for different purposes and to evoke different effects. By using Grice’s cooperative principle, four episodes of Fresh Prince of Bel Air and two episodes of How to get away with murder, were studied. The results show that the maxim of manner is the most frequently broken maxim in both Tv-series. Results also show that the effect of non-observance in the two Tv-series differed. In Fresh Prince of Bel air, breaking maxims most often had a humorous effect. In How to get away with murder the effect of breaking the maxims was mostly a dramatic one.

  • Strömvall Pettersson, Sofia
    et al.
    Hörberg, Annie
    Distriktsköterskors erfarenheter av att möta förldrar som är tveksamma till att vaccinera sina barn.: - En intervjustudie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Maria, Johansson
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Marie, Ericsson
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Säljarna, köparna och efterfrågan: En diskursanalys av den mediala framställningen av Sveriges sexköpslag, 20 år efter införandet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study is to analyze how the law that prohibits the purchase of sexual services is portrayed discursive in Swedish morning and evening tabloids. Through an analysis of 42 articles from several papers during 2019, that concern the law that prohibits the purchase of sexual services, following questions will be discussed: How is the law that prohibits the purchase of sexual services portrayed?, How are the people that sell sexual services portrayed?, How are the people that buy sexual services portrayed? and How is the relation between supply and demand concerning prostitution portrayed?.A Foucauldian discourse analysis has been used to answer the questions. Discourses have been distinguished by analyzing the implicit, rules of exclusion and subject positioning in the articles. The four predominant discourses that have been found are: The law as an incomplete tool, The seller as a female victim, The buyer as a male perpetrator, andThe supply presupposes the demand. This study takes its starting point in a social constructivist perspective, and treats two feministic perspectives on prostitution, liberal feminism and radical feminism. The discourses shows on a consistently radical feminist view on prostitution throughout the articles that concern the law that prohibits the purchase of sexual services. 

  • Jacobsen, Gunnel
    et al.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Sjukkassan blev Försäkringskassan: Sjukbesökare eller angivarsystem?2020In: Gammalt & nytt: medlemsblad för Huddinge hembygdsförening, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 2-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Magnusson, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ottosson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Elevhälsans medicinska insats: Grundskole-och gymnasieelevers självskattade nöjdhet med de tjänster som verksamheten erbjuder i en kommun i södra Sverige.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The School Health Service (EMI) within Swedish schools helps students achieve educational goals through health promotion work and illhealth prevention. Systematic quality work generates quality of care. No present research shows how students perceives EMI. Purpose: To describe students’ assessment of satisfaction with the activities offered by EMI operations in primary and secondary schools. Method: A cross-sectional study with quantitative design. 141 students in grade 4 (younger age group) and grade 7 in primary school and grade 1 in secondary school (older age group) in three municipal schools in one municipal in southern Sweden estimated their satisfaction with EMI. Data was analyzed in the statistical program SPSS. Chi two-tests were used for group comparisons. Results: Overall impression of EMI was good. Availability, respect/treatment, information/knowledge, inclusion/involvement, emotional support, continuity/coordination was stated good. The younger age group could more often identify the school nurse (p <0.001), felt that they could visit EMI when needed (p<0,05), and felt safe with EMI (p <0.05) compared to the older age group. Conclusions: Students' were satisfied with EMI operations. Differences in how the age groups perceived Accessibility and Emotional Support emerged. No gender differences were detected. Research is needed to evaluate and improve EMI nationally.

  • Vince, Britt-Louice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Olofsson, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Erfarenheter av basala hygienrutiner i primärvården: - en empirisk studie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Basal hygiene and care (SOSFS 2015:10) give recommendations on how hygiene routines practices should be followed in health care. Deficiency to routines may spread healthcare infections with antibiotic resistance as a result. Preventive work is ongoing, both on national and international level by WHO (2009), Folkhälsomyndigheten and SKR (2014), with focus on improved hand hygiene and reduced spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria worldwide.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe nurses and district nurses' experiences of the compliance to hygiene routines in primary care.

     

    Method: Data collection based on a qualitative method with asynchronous questionnaire via e-mail with 17 participants were analyzed with a manifest content analysis.

     

    Results: The study demonstrate an experience of incomplete compliance to hygiene routines in primary care, with the perception that it is a less prioritized issue compared to hospital care. Experience of varying attitudes to compliance were demonstrated, both at individual and organizational levels. As no consensus about a finaly goal were reached the improvement work failed.

     

    Conclusion: Despite knowledge and conditions for maintaining good hygiene routines, the nurses considered that compliance in primary care were unsuccessful. Hygiene routines are a topical subject where elaborated international and national working models with the goal of improving hygiene routines were not perceived as implemented

  • Isaksson, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lindeborg, My
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Pappors behov av stöd i sin föräldraroll: Barnhälsovårdssjuksköterskors erfarenheter2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today, the father is seen as an active and committed parent and there has been a change from the fact that the father was previously seen as the one who would work and provide for the family. The nurse at BHV is in a key position when it comes to support the father.

    Aim: To explore child healthcare nurse experiences of new fathers needs of support in his parenting role.

    Method: A qualitative interview study with inductive approach was used. Data was collected through semi-structed interviews, a qualitative content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman was used in the analysis.

    Result: Two themes emerged in the analysis: A relationship is established and To make the daily life functioning. The study shows that the experience of the BHV nurses are that the father has a need for individual and practice support. The father needs support in finding his own routines with his child. The parents need to be offered equal support.

    Conclusion: The study shows that the BHV nurses experienced difficulties in supporting their father as he rarely participates in first visits to BHV. The conclusion is that it would be desirable for the individual dad call to be fully implemented in order for the BHV nurses to be able to catch up with the new father and more easily pay attention to his possible need of for support.

  • Ringvall, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsterapeuters uppfattningar av samverkan med avdelningspersonal inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård: En fenomenografisk studie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To be able to offer rehabilitation to inpatients in psychiatric wards some clinics access services from occupational therapists employed in psychiatric outpatient care. The occupational therapist spends relatively little time in the ward. Offering rehabilitation in this form can depend on a well-functioning collaboration with the other staff in the ward. This form of collaboration can be a challenge. Objective: The aim of the study was to describe occupational therapists' perceptions of collaboration with staff in psychiatric wards. Material and Methods: In this phenomenographical study, data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews (n=9) with occupational therapists collaborating with staff in psychiatric wards. Results: The analysis resulted in two main categories, “Meaning of collaboration” and “How collaboration works” with associated description- and subcategories. What is reflected in the outcome space linked to "The meaning of collaboration" are perceptions of what is meant by collaboration. Perceptions found in “How collaboration works” deal with perceptions that are important for the outcome of collaboration. Conclusion: Collaboration between the occupational therapist and staff in the psyciatric wards can enable patients to receive rehabilitation. The perceptions that emerged in this thesis can help guide occupational therapists, staff in the wards and their managers to better understand the challenges of this collaboration and create the conditions to make it work.

  • Rosengren, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Wallskog, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Nyttan, nöjet och den europeiska volontären: En multimodal kritisk diskursanalys om hur resebolaget Kilroy väljer att kommunicera kring sina volontärresor utifrån ett eurocentriskt perspektiv.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie fokuserar på resebolaget Kilroys marknadskommunikation om volontärresor i Sydafrika. Studien bygger på en analys av bolagets marknadsföring av två destinationer och innehåller såväl skriftligt som visuellt material. Syftet är att öka förståelsen om hur ett vinstdrivande resebolag väljer att kommunicera om volontärresor, sett utifrån ett eurocentriskt perspektiv. Grundat i volontärarbetets utveckling centreras studien kring Kilroys framställning av volonturism, vilket förenar volontärarbete med turism på ett vis som tidigare ej gjorts. Baserat på historia, globala relationer samt tidigare forskning utgör postkolonialism samt globalisering och eurocentrism studiens teoretiska ramverk. Metoden som används är multimodal kritisk diskursanalys (MCDA), och analysen genomförs med stöd av begrepp hämtade från metoden. MCDA möjliggör en djupgående analys av både materialets språkliga samt visuella delar vilket kan blottlägga bakomliggande diskurser och strukturer.       

     

    Studiens resultat visar att volonturism konstrueras som ett möjliggörande av en kombinerad traditionell turistupplevelse och en känsla av meningsfullhet samt lärande. Genomgående beskrivs volontärresorna som ett instrument för självförverkligande. Vidare indikerar resultatet att marknadskommunikationen även innehåller eurocentriska ideologier i form av en kommunicerad europeisk överlägsenhet. 

  • Gustafsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ingvarsson, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Det börjar lukta surt...: En semiotisk studie om Oatlys kommunikationsstrategier i reklamkampanjen Spola mjölken2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate how the company Oatly uses rhetorical means and other marketing strategies in the advertising campaign Spola mjölkenTheory: The study is conducted from a rhetorical and semiotic perspective, and also supported by theories of legitimacy, positioning and polarization. Method: The study is conducted through a semiotic analysis supported by critical theory. A qualitative approach was chosen as it facilitates the study of society and its phenomena, which enables the purpose of this study. Material: The material of the analysis is a commercial film from a company named Oatly. The commercial and the campaign it is a part of, are both named Spola mjölkenOutcome: The message portrayed in the commercial is that the recipient should exchange milk for oat based milk. To drink milk is equated with a health and environmentally harmful behavior. Oatly therefore positions itself as a more sustainable alternative than milk. The marketing strategy can be perceived as aggressive because the company chooses to address the shortcomings with milk production instead of emphasizing on the good qualities of its own business and product.

  • Kabboush, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Gerges Oraham, Woroud
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Ensamhet bland ungdomar: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas syn på ensamhet bland ungdomar och deras förebyggande arbete2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the definition of loneliness among teenagers based on the opinions and experiences of professionals working with them. Additionally, to investigate what factors contribute to teenagers' loneliness from the perspective of professionals along with the work methods and strategies used to prevent loneliness among teenagers in Jönköping County. This study used a qualitative research method by carrying out eight qualitative, semi-structured interviews with five youth recreation leaders and three youth-therapists. Thematic analysis has been used to analyze the empirical material, which generated two main categories. The first part of the analysis covered underlying factors that contribute to loneliness between teenagers based on the experiences of professionals. While the second part focused on the work methods of the organizations in the preventive work to reduce loneliness among teenagers. Furthermore, the results were analyzed using previous research, theoretical concepts of loneliness and Bourdieu´s theories of capital. It also used concepts in new institutionalism to further understand how organizations collaborate to prevent loneliness among teenagers in Jönköping County. The study found that teenagers' social network, social media as a social network and teenagers' socio-economic background, can be contributing factors to loneliness of teenagers. The results also demonstrated that integrated thinking and collaboration are some of the work methods and strategies used to prevent loneliness among teenagers in Jönköping County.

  • Ablahad, Haitham
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Skolkuratorers arbete med hemmasittande elever2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fenomenet hemmasittare ökar i omfattning och utgör en aktuell problematik för forskning och de som arbetar inom skolans värld.  Skolkuratorer är en yrkesgrupp som arbetar aktivt med elever som är hemmasittare. Syftet med denna studie är att öka förståelsen för skolkuratorers arbete med hemmasittande högstadieelever. För att undersöka detta har författaren genomfört semi-strukturerade intervjuer med fyra skolkuratorer i en medelstor stad i Sverige. Studiens resultat baseras på en tematisk analys och behandlades följande två teman och tillhörande underteman: Elev-fokuserat arbetssätt och Varierande arbetsroller. Resultatet av den tematiska analysen visar att de intervjuande skolkuratorerna arbetar i nära kontakt med hemmasittande elever samtidigt som de förhåller sig till de krav och normer som skolan har och för att förstå detta analyseras resultatet med hjälp av Lipskys teori om gräsrotsbyråkrati.

  • Olsson, Beatrice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Persson, Emelie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Personcentrerat stöd: En förutsättning för god egenvård vid Diabetes mellitus typ 22020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Diabetes mellitus typ 2 (DMT2) utgör en av världens största diagnosgrupper. För att sjukdomsprognosen ska vara god krävs upprätthållandet av ett stabilt blodsocker vilket skapas genom aktiv egenvård.

    Syfte: Att beskriva hur patienter med DMT2 upplever att det vårdande mötet med sjuksköterskan påverkar egenvården.

    Metod: I enlighet med Fribergs fem steg för analysarbete genomfördes en kvalitativ litteraturöversikt baserat på 12 vetenskapliga studier. En induktiv ansats användes.

    Resultat: Det första av två teman som identifierades var: Ett personcentrerat möte med subteman: att bli mött där jag är, att vara delaktig i vården och att bli mött utifrån kulturella värderingar. Det andra temat var Ett behov av stöd med subteman: att bli väl bemött, att få tillräckligt med stöd och att bemötas med kunskap. Resultatet visade att patienterna ville ha vetenskaplig och anpassad information som var lätt att förstå. De såg lättillgängligt stöd som en förutsättning för att kunna bedriva god egenvård.

    Slutsatser: För att god egenvård ska kunna bedrivas krävs att sjukvården kan ge stöd och information på ett personcentrerat sätt.