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  • Ryrlén, Gunnar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Andersson, Patric
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Produktionsplanering – En fallstudie om effektivisering av resurser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hammarsten, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Askerlund, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Almers, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Avery, Helen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Barns perspektiv på att vistas i en skogsträdgård2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Askerlund, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Almers, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Hur fungerar ekosystemtjänster som verktyg för hållbarhetsarbete på förskolor?2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Wistrand, Susanne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Lindberg, Annika
    Jönköping University.
    Hållbar utveckling i förskolans undervisning: En rättighetsdiskurs för barn i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Public defence: 2018-12-19 13:15 B1014, Jönköping
    Shema, Jean Bosco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The adoption and implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Rwanda2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Accounting has played a significant role in globalization through instruments like the International Accounting Standard Board (IASB), the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) and the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) which have harmonized global business practices. With the spread of globalization, the persistence of local realities has become a global issue. While IFRS has been adopted across the world, local contexts are impeding its smooth implementation.

    This study investigates this phenomenon in the Rwandan context by discussing how IFRS has been adopted by commercial banks in Rwanda and in sub-Saharan African countries. In Rwanda, IFRS’ adoption was influenced by the country’s economic context (dire need for reconstruction), social context (Rwandans with different accounting traditions due to the conflict and the movement of people across the region and in the world and their returning to their home country) and the political context (colonial legacy and accounting initiatives of the independent African countries and Rwanda’s regional and international integration policies).

    My findings suggest that the adoption of IFRS was done after intense preparations and its implementation was monitored as it was believed that these standards would catalyze the government’s economic development goals. The findings also show the bi-directional relationship between accounting and the environment in which it operates. While IRFS’ adoption was swayed by the prevailing environment these standards also formed a part of the country’s strategy for economic development and a mechanism for promoting equity among its citizens.

    The findings also show that the professionalization of accounting was context bound and was influenced by the accounting environment in Rwanda and that professionalization contributed to conflict prevention and resolution among accounting practitioners. The study also shows that the government played a big role in the development of accounting as a profession.

  • Public defence: 2018-12-17 13:15 B1014, Jönköping
    Virta, Sari
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Managing tensions in creative content development work: Cases from the media industry2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores organisational tensions and their management in creative content development work in the context of creative industries, particularly media. The study focuses on the dynamic relationship and complexities between current business (exploitation) and future business (exploration), where tensions become managerial issues. It builds on dualities as the overarching analytical concept. The combination of theorisations on ambidexterity, value networks and hybrid organisations is used to examine organisational tensions as dynamic interrelationships between the elements of dualities.

    This compilation dissertation builds on three qualitative case studies, which are investigated in six individual, empirical papers. The case organisations include a company from both public and private media, as well as a collaborative arrangement in a creative industry cluster. The longitudinal empirical data comprises diary writings, interviews, documentation and participant observations.

    The study extends the understanding about how and why organisational tensions pose a demanding managerial challenge to established companies. It suggests that these tensions cannot be solved as such; instead, they need to be managed “with” rather than “against”. The study contributes to previous literature by combining theoretical perspectives to create links between existing approaches on ambidexterity. Regarding clusters, the study offers new knowledge by shifting the focus from mere spatial co-location to shared value creation through collaborative relationships.

    As implications for practice, the study suggests that managerial effort is required to anticipate, identify, evaluate, and navigate tensions in creative work. The results emphasise the key importance of embracing interrelated, coexisting, enduring, and complex tensions as a multifaceted package.

  • Public defence: 2018-12-18 13:15 B1014, Jönköping
    Zehra, Khizran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Resource mobilization among informal entrepreneurs: A case of event planning industry of Pakistan2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation studies resource mobilization among informal entrepreneurs. It combines the resource mobilization perspective with insights from social capital and human capital theory to understand the resource mobilization activities of informal entrepreneurs, focusing on the founding period and the early years of existence of informal ventures. Empirically the study is based on 15 cases from event planning industry of Pakistan. It primarily uses semi-structured interviews along with observations and secondary documents. The within and cross-case coding are aggregated into a conceptual model that paves the way to understanding inter-organizational gains through informal entrepreneurial networks. These informal entrepreneurial networks are largely based on competitor’s networks that support the exchange of resources, such as the exchange of knowledge, raw material, ideas, opportunities, etc. The new insights contributed from the findings are that resource mobilization is not competitive but rather collaborative among informal entrepreneurs. This collaborative resource mobilization is mainly based on activities like competitor’s collaboration, collaborative knowledge sharing through informal venturing, for the advancement of business goals at founding and in later stages. Collaborative resource mobilization is an alternative to competitive resource mobilization, whereby the flow of resources in the networks remains competitive when it comes to business rivalry. The study contributes to the role of social and human capital in resource mobilizing activities that improve the synergistic effects contributing to the readiness of informal entrepreneurs. Trust and reciprocal exchange of resources among competitors act as a major strengthening factor in promoting collaborative resource mobilization among informal entrepreneurs. It also contributes to the informal entrepreneurship literature and suggests that informal entrepreneurship should not be considered as marginalized activities, but rather a platform where the considerable potential of creative entrepreneurial activity is present.

  • Ström, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Samverkan för trygg hemgång: Ett förbättringsarbete om övergången mellan geriatrik, ASIH och primärvård för den multisjuka patienten2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Patients with multiple illnesses are individuals with complex needs of care. For this group of patients, continuity of care and their sense of security is is of great importance.

    Improvement work objective: To create secure and accessible ASIH for elders with multiple illnesses by¨develop ways of working to enable re-admittance and secure discharges for this group of patients.

    Case study objective: To Investigate and analyze team members’ common experiences.

    Method: Implementation using Nolan’s improvement model. A case study using qualitative contents analysis.

    Result: The improvement work resulted in an even flow of referrals and shortened admission times to ASIH. Patients’ sense of security were rated to 76%. Seven Seven patients had the possibility towere be  re-admitted 1-7 times 1-7 times during the project.

    Casestudy summary: ”Conditions for cooperationfor a common goal”. A clear pattern with the following significant conditions emerged from the focusgroups interviews: continuity, learning, cooperation, and communication.

    Discussion: ASIH can be an option to facilitate the transition home for elderly patients with multiple illnesses. ASIH provides a sense of security and may prevent re-hospitalization. This model of cooperation requires clear, common goals and opportunities for feedback to enable learning contributes to measurable results.

  • Eslami, Mohammad H.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship, Linköping, Sweden.
    Knowledge integration with customers in collaborative product development project2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Driven by rapid technological developments, greater customer expectations, and increased product complexity,product development processes increasingly rely on the integration of dispersed specialist knowledge.Consequently, many industrial firms are changing the way they approach product development. Productdevelopment increasingly relies on knowledge integration across firm boundaries. Customers are one of the mostindispensable sources of knowledge, and their knowledge needs to be integrated during product development.However, little is known about the processes and mechanisms used to integrate customer knowledge in productdevelopment.Therefore, firms must devise processes and mechanisms that support knowledge integration withcustomers. This thesis aims to investigate knowledge integration with customers in collaborative productdevelopment.

    The work described in this thesis combines a case study with a survey approach. More specifically, five casestudies were conducted at three industrial manufacturing firms. Data were collected in 46 interviews, along withinformal discussions, workshops, and secondary material. The case studies revealed the role of knowledgeintegration, knowledge integration mechanisms, and the importance of contextual factors related to the customer’stechnical capability, and the locus of initiative for the product development project. A cross-sectional survey wasperformed in order to ascertain the role of knowledge integration and its effect on innovation performance and theeffect of firms and customers’ technical capability and locus of initiative on knowledge integration withcustomers. The survey study generated 216 responses from firms operating in the Swedish manufacturingindustry.

    This thesis consists of a compiled summary and five appended papers. The results in these provide the basis formodelling knowledge integration with customers. The findings confirm that integrating knowledge withcustomers in product development is associated with better innovation performance. Further, the results point tothe dynamic characteristics of knowledge integration in product development processes. More specifically, firmstend to apply different combinations of mechanisms in different phases, depending on the intended content of theknowledge contribution of the customer and the requirements of each phase in the development process. Inaddition, the degree of technical capability, internal integration capability, and locus of initiative are importantfactors influencing knowledge integration processes. This thesis sheds new light on collaborative productdevelopment with customers by demonstrating that knowledge, and particularly the integration of knowledgeacross firm boundaries, is a central property of product development. The study focuses on industrial andmanufacturing firms, complementing current perspectives on the role of customers in other sectors. In thisparticular sector, complexity and system-wide implications need to be resolved together with customers throughknowledge integration activities. An important implication of the thesis is that firms need to devise mechanismsfor knowledge integration with customers, and be prepared to redevise these as the firm progresses through theproduct development phases.

  • Eslami, Mohammad H.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lakemond, Nicolette
    Linköpings universitet, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap.
    Knowledge integration with customers in collaborative product development projects2016In: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 31, no 7, p. 889-900Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper addresses the need for managerial and organizational approaches to knowledge integration with customer in collaborative product development projects. The purpose is to identify the roles of customers in terms of the customer's knowledge contribution and timing of customer collaboration in the product development process.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This study is based on a multi-case study approach, comprising four product development projects from two large international suppliers. The cases were selected following the theoretical replication logic. Data consist of interviews, workshops, and secondary information. For each of the cases, a within case analysis was performed followed by a cross-case analysis.

    Findings

    The study shows that the customer's knowledge contribution is aligned with the specific requirements of each phase of the product development. Three specific customer roles are identified and connected to the customer's knowledge contribution and the timing of customer collaboration. The technical capability of the customer and the locus of initiative of the product development project are affecting the prerequisites for knowledge integration with customers.

    Research limitations/implications

    The study is performed from the perspective of supplier firms. We have not been able to capture the perspective of the customer in detail. As it is expected that both customers and suppliers benefit from a systematic knowledge exchange, future studies could examine knowledge contributions in both directions.

    Practical implications

    The findings can be used to devise effective approaches for collaborative product development with customers related to the customer's knowledge contribution and the timing of customer collaboration and provide guidance to firms seeking to benefit from knowledge residing at customers.

    Originality/value

    This is one of the first studies to focus on the integration of customers' knowledge in product development processes. This paper contributes to the customer supplier collaboration literature by presenting further insight into customers' knowledge contributions, the timing of customer collaboration in product development processes and the prerequisites for knowledge integration with customers.

  • Helmefalk, Miralem
    et al.
    Department of Marketing, School of Business and Economics, Linneaus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Berndt, Adele
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Shedding light on the use of single and multisensory cues and their effect on consumer behaviours2018In: International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, ISSN 0959-0552, E-ISSN 1758-6690, Vol. 46, no 11-12, p. 1077-1091Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Retail stores are required to provide a stimulating in-store experience for customers and do this by developing various strategies. One strategy implemented by retailers is the use of sensory cues to encourage consumers to engage with the environment and the products on display and available for purchase. Conducted in a lighting department, the purpose of this paper is to consider how retailers can employ a multisensory cue, which is formed by combining three single cues to positively impact consumer behaviours – specifically time spent, touching and purchase.

    Design/methodology/approach: The study comprised an experimental design, which implemented single congruent visual, auditory and olfactory cues that formed a multisensory cue. Consumer behaviour outcomes of these cues were measured using objective measures.

    Findings: The results show that a multisensory cue impacts time spent and purchasing, but no evidence of it affecting touching was noted. In the case of the single cues, auditory and scent cues impacted time spent, but their effect was not to the extent of the multisensory cue, which was superior.

    Research limitations/implications: The study focussed on one product category within a general furnishing store, thus limiting the extent to which the findings can be generalised.

    Practical implications: The effect of a multisensory cue exceeded that of single cues, emphasising the need for retailers to consider and develop a multisensory retail environment.

    Originality/value: While research into the effect of single cues on consumer behaviours has shown positive effects, research into a multisensory cue, especially in a real-retail setting, is relatively scarce.

  • Nyberg, Erika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hägglöf Ulriksson, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Rörelse i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers erfarenheter av förskolans utemiljö.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Horndahl, Ludvig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Andersson, Emil
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Utvärdering av featurebaserad modellering och direktmodellering2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The benefits of using feature-based CAD methodology and direct modelling are discussed inthe thesis. An experimental CAD study has been performed in which three different cases hasbeen modelled to get an overview of how direct modelling works in Solid Edge ST10 and to determine how the methodology could be integrated into product development. These two ways of modelling in Solid Edge are evaluated using previous research and data from thestudy to do a SWOT analysis and a Pugh matrix. Further on a comparison is made to find respective methodologies’ area of use.The experimental CAD study explores three cases in which each uses one type of product thatis investigated. The CAD models used as reference for the experiment are originally created using feature-based modelling, in the ordered module of Solid Edge. The intent is to recreate the models using direct modelling. The products of interest are created using different manufacturing processes which enables most tools in the Synchronous module to be put tothe test. Points of interests for the study is the workflow of direct modelling, to define the useand limits of Synchronous and investigate the synergy between the tools of the modules.It is concluded that direct modelling excels in certain area of operations where precision engineering can be ignored. When developing concepts for a new product, time could be savedby using the swift surface editing tool of direct modelling. When the CAD user does not need to rely on already set dimensions and is free to explore different shapes to create a 3D-model,direct modelling will come in handy due to its ability to model without taking history data into account. Direct modelling can also be used as a tool for creating redesigns of products containing complex feature trees. Cooperation between different CAD software could be strengthened using direct modelling where the need to redesign imported CAD files featuring “dead geometries” and empty history trees. These types of 3D-models, step, Parasolid’s etc can be easily modified using directmodelling in Solid Edge. Further research can be made to determine in which areas direct modeling can be applied and excel compared to the standard feature-based CAD methodology.

  • Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Andersson Scherling, Maria
    Jönköping University.
    "Jag är mamma och du också visst?": En studie om hur barn gör för att få vara med i lek.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker förhållandet mellan sociala samspel i lek och kamratrelationer baserat på tillträdesstrategier. Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka hur barn får tillträde till lek. Det sker genom att observera vilka tillträdestrategier som barnen har framgång med och vilka som används av barnen i deras sociala samspel. Fältobservation med spaltdokumentation används med ett urval av 2 förskolor, motiverat av djupare analys och godkändes av förskolecheferna att fungera som forskningsförskola. En kvalitativ metod används för att vidare analysera lek i observationer. Huvudresultaten synliggör att det är barnens sociala förmågor, som är den största bidragande orsaken till om barnet lyckas använda tillträdesstrategierna. Om barnet i fråga har en negativitet och dominant inställning, minspel, kroppsspråk, icke-verbal och verbal kommunikation blir barnet mindre framgångsrik i det sociala samspelet. Barnet får ingen framgång till lek och lämnar ofta lekområdet efter ett misslyckat tillträde.

  • Aledal, Maria
    et al.
    Azari, Sadjad
    Barns delaktighet och inflytande vid förskolans måltider: En kvalitativ studie kring förskollärarens uppfattningar om barns delaktighet och inflytande vid måltider.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är en kvalitativ intervjustudie med förskollärare. Syftet med studien var att studera förskollärares uppfattningar kring barns delaktighet och inflytande i samband med förskolans måltidssituationer. De forskningsfrågor studien utgått ifrån är: Hur beskriver förskollärarna barns delaktighet och inflytande i samband med måltider? Vilka faktorer påverkar barns delaktighet och inflytande i samband med måltider? Genom intervjuer med sex förskollärare har vi fått fram vårt datamaterial. De begrepp som användes i analysarbetet var samspelande atmosfär, instabil atmosfär och kontrollerande atmosfär.  För att få fram olika teman gjordes en tematisk analys som sedan blev rubriker som presenteras i resultatdelen. Rubrikerna är ”Delaktighet och inflytande kring måltidssituationen”, ”Miljö och organisation kring måltider” och ”Samtal och förhållningssätt vid matbordet ”. Resultatet i studien visar att barns delaktighet och inflytande anses vara en viktig del i förskolans verksamhet och vid måltider. Det framgår dock att rutiner, organisation och pedagogens förhållningssätt är faktorer som kan påverka.

  • Djervf, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hällstrand Ståhl, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Det ligger ju på oss! Hur jag tänker! Hur vi gör!": En minietnografisk studie om hur förskollärare kommunicerar och möjliggör för barns sujektivit i relationella sammanhang utifrån intentionerna i förskolans värdegrund.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att bidra med kunskaper inom förskolans värdegrundsuppdrag. Vår framtida yrkeskunskap innebär att inta ett undervisningsansvar för att upprätthålla värdegrunden men även utmana de grundläggande värden som preciseras i förskolans läroplan (Skolverket, 2016). Studien är minietnografisk och fokuserar på hur förskollärare kommunicerar värdegrundsuppdraget i teorin och praktiken samt möjliggör för barns subjektivitet i relationella sammanhang utifrån intentionerna i förskolans läroplan. Studien utgår från ett utbildningsfilosofiskt perspektiv samt för studien relevanta begrepp. Deltagande observationer samt semistrukturerade intervjuer har bidragit till studiens empiri. Empirin är tematiskt analyserad och har bildat tre övergripande teman ”värdegrunden - ett kommunikativt förhållningssätt”, ”ledarskap” och ”att få vara den man är”. Resultatet visar att förskollärarna ser värdegrunden som något viktigt och hur ett värdearbete äger rum hela dagen. En mångfald kommunikativa värdegrundande uttryckssätt speglas och förskollärarnas förhållningssätt inbegriper bemötandet till barn såväl som miljö och material, men även hur förskollärarna utmanar barnen i demokratisk riktning. 

  • Wallin, Karin
    et al.
    Fahlstråle, Madeleine
    Undervisning i projekterande arbetssätt: Hur undervisning kan förstås i projekterande arbete med de yngsta barnen 1-2 år2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Spångberg, AnnCharlotte
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hallgren, Emmelie
    Jag är förskollärare!: Förskollärares beskrivningar av sin profession och möjligheterna till kompetensutveckling i sitt uppdrag.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur förskollärare beskriver sin yrkesprofession.

    Förskollärare uppfattar sina förutsättningar och möjligheter att utföra sitt uppdrag samt att kompetensutvecklas i sitt yrke på olika sätt. Detta har vi intresserat oss för i studien och för att undersöka det har vi använt kvalitativ metod med intervjuer. I den analytiska delen framkom för oss fyra kvalitativt skilda kategorier vilka är ledarskap, organisation, förhållningssätt och förutsättningar. Samarbete anser förskollärarna är en viktig del för att klara av det som beskrivs i uppdraget. De anser även att förskolechefens roll och engagemang är av stor betydelse för möjligheterna att utföra sina arbetsuppgifter och få kompetensutveckling

    En av våra slutsatser är att förskollärarna uppfattar att de har ett ledaruppdrag på förskolorna, men att det är arbetslagets sammansättning av erfarenhet, kunskap och samarbetsförmåga som är avgörande för att klara uppdraget som är en del av professionen.

  • Andersson, Liselott
    et al.
    Ljunberg, Carola
    Bedömning av barn i förskolan: En fokusgruppsstudie om förskollärares uppfattningar och erfarenheter kring individuell bedömning och individuell dokumentation av barn i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet i studien är att undersöka förskollärares uppfattningar och erfarenheter kring individuell bedömning i förskolan och hur förskollärarna beskriver den individuella dokumentationen som görs i förskolan i det pedagogiska utvecklingsarbetet. Forskningsfrågor i studien är: Vilka uppfattningar har förskollärarna kring individuella bedömningar i det pedagogiska utvecklingsarbetet i förskolan? Hur dokumenteras individuella bedömningar i förskolan av förskollärare enligt förskollärarnas egna erfarenheter?

    Studien är genomförd genom fokusgruppssamtal med förskollärare och genom fokusgruppssamtalen har vi fått vår empiri. Genom analys av empirin framkom fem teman: Bedömning i förskolan, observation i förskolan, dokumentation i förskolan, individuell kartläggning av barn i förskolan och utvecklingssamtal i förskolan. Inom dessa teman visar resultatet i studien att individuell bedömning förekommer dagligen i förskolan och vidare visar resultatet att bedömning sker i den individuella dokumentationen.

  • Matijevic, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Från förskola till förskoleklass: Förskolläraren i förskoleklassens förväntningar på barns färdigheter och sammarbetet vid övergången till förskoleklass2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Karlsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Kortetjärvi, Elvi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Barns fysiska utmaningar i förskolan.: Hur iscensätts fysiska aktiviteter i verksamheten av förskollärarna?2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen är att bilda kunskap om hur förskollärare planerar och genomför fysisk aktivitet med barnen och hur den fysiska miljön påverkar barns rörelsemönster. Finns det samhällsekonomiska vinster med att genomföra fysiska aktiviteter redan i förskolan? I studien har vi utgått från ett hermeneutiskt perspektiv där vår förförståelse är implicit. Genom kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer med efterföljande transkribering och analys har våra frågeställningar besvarats. Resultatet visar att fysisk aktivitet inte genomförs didaktiskt i så stor utsträckning av förskollärarna utan oftast iscensätts vid spontant uppkomna tillfällen. Miljöns betydelse har stor påverkan på barnens rörelsemönster genom förskolegårdarnas storlek och utformning. Innemiljöns påverkan är inte lika markant eftersom kreativiteten att skapa möjligheter är stor hos förskollärarna. Fysisk aktivitet på förskolan leder enligt förskollärarna till positiva effekter för barns inlärning under deras fortsatta skolgång.

  • Hertzman, Sofie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Bergman, Annica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Omsorg i förskolan utifrån ett förskolechefsperspektiv: "För mig är det alla barns värdighet och rätt till att bli omfamnade, det är omsorg"2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka tre förskolechefers uppfattning om vad omsorg innebär i den svenska förskolans verksamhet, samt hur omsorgen kan tydliggöras. Studiens metod är kvalitativ där data samlats in genom intervjuer. Studiens teoretiska perspektiv utgår från Nel Noddings (2012a, 2012b) teori om omsorgsetiken.

    Resultatet visar att förskolechefernas uppfattningar om omsorg i förskolan handlar om trygghet, barns grundläggande  behov samt pedagogens bemötande. Förskolecheferna reflekterar kring omsorg, utveckling och lärande utifrån ett helhetsperspektiv, de menar att begreppen ska bilda en helhet. Trots detta finns det tillfällen när dessa begrepp kan bli separerade, vilket upplevs som ett dilemma. Förskolechefernas beskrivningarna av hur de arbetar med att tydliggöra omsorgen i förskolans verksamhet kommer inte fullständigt fram, men de uttrycker vikten av att synliggöra och diskutera omsorgsbegreppet. Likabehandlingsarbetet i förskolan lyfts som ett arbetssätt för att synliggöra omsorgen.

  • Gunnar, Kerstin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Monica, Ehinger
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Bemötande av barn i förskolan som har könsöverskridande identitet: En analys av två fokusgruppssamtal med pedagoger i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att bidra med kunskap om och förståelse för hur pedagoger kan uppfatta barn i förskolan med könsöverskridande identitet. Metoden som användes var fokusgruppsamtal där deltagarna fick ett dilemma att diskutera kring. Detta spelades in för att sedan kunna transkriberas och analyseras.

    Resultatet visar att pedagogerna har frågor och funderingar kring hur och när barns könsidentitet skapas och vad det är som påverkar barnen när de konstruerar sin identitet. I fokusgruppsamtalen framträder även de normer och den normkreativitet som barn möter i förskolan. Flera pedagoger har ett motstånd mot pronomenet "hen" och några pedagoger är oroliga för att "hen" gör barnet könlöst. Dock uttalar pedagogerna att de ser barn som individer och inte som ett "kön".

    Det framkommer också att pedagogerna anser sig vara normkritiska då dom säger att pojkar och flickor ges samma möjligheter på förskolan. Trots detta finns det uppfattningar bland pedagoger att barnen föds med ett fysiologiskt kön och att dessa pedagoger utgår ifrån att barnet känner tillhörighet till sitt fysiska kön. Dessutom anser flera pedagoger att barnen påverkas av sammhällets normer.

  • Fahlstedt, Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Larsson, Therese
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Föräldraaktiv introduktion, ett arbetssätt i förskolan.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vårt examensarbete är att undersöka förskollärare och vårdnadshavares uppfattning kring föräldraaktiv introduktion. Vår studie bygger på fyra olika förskolors arbete kring föräldraaktiv introduktion. Dessa förskolor är verksamma i samma kommun. Vi har utgått ifrån en kvalitativ metod där semistruktuerade intervjuer av förskollärare och vårdnadshavare legat till grund för resultatet för studien. Resultatet visar att både förskollärare och vårdnadshavare ser positivt på den föräldraaktiva introduktionen och kan inte tänka sig introducera eller introduceras till förskolan på något annat sätt. Det framkom enligt respondenterna att det blir lättare att observera och skapa relationer mellan barn, vårdnadshavare och pedagoger då de tillsammans vistas i förskolans verksamhet under längre tid under dagen. Vi kan tydligt se att det inte finns några klara direktiv på hur föräldraaktiv introduktion bör se ut.

  • Amin, Skorupan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Eyetracking som interaktions-hjälpmedel i fordon: Utveckling och utvärdering av ett ögonstyrt infotainmentsystem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a new eye-controlled infotainmentsystem that worked differently compared to similar systems. What differs this new system is that personal calibration is not necessary to be performed before each time the system is to be used.

    The method Design Science Research (DSR) has been used where an artifact has been developed and then investigated. Experiments have been conducted to find out how well the infotainment system works when it uses a relative gaze towards an absolute, but also to find out how users should confirm their gaze in the best way. For confirmation of gaze, three different methods have been used; button press, blink, and gazing. The collected data from the experiments have been matched to evaluate how well they stand against each other.

    The result of the study shows that when the infotainment system used relative gaze, it worked in as many attempts as it did using absolute. The result times were very similar to each other which shows that the both methods works well even when face calibration is not used, but the collected data was uneven which made it difficult to draw conclusions about which one was faster. The study also shows that keystroke was the best-suited method to use to confirm gaze.This method was much faster than other methods.

    A limitation of the study has been that data collection was only done on two occasions. On more occasions more data could have been generated, which would have made it easier to draw more conclusions about the response times.

  • Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Calluna AB.
    Gren, Ing-Marie
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Consequences of increases in wild boar-vehicle accidents 2003–2016 in Sweden on personal injuries and costs2018In: Safety, E-ISSN 2313-576X, Vol. 4, no 4, article id 53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined whether the rising trends of wild boar (Sus scrofa)-vehicle accidents in Sweden are accompanied by a higher amount of personal injuries and costs. Temporal trends in accident frequencies and the number of persons injured in wild boar-vehicle accidents were examined for 2003-2016, and the cost of wild boar-vehicle accidents was calculated. Results show increases in the number of personal injuries, and increased costs, particularly after 2010-2012. The total number of wild boar accidents correlated with the number of injured persons as well as with the number of accidents with personal injuries. Approximately one person (1.13%) is injured per 100 wild boar-vehicle accidents, and approximately one accident per 200 wild boar-vehicle accidents will result in one or more persons with injuries (0.5%). However, most of the persons injured have slighter injuries. Although the number of wild boar-vehicle accidents and the number of persons injured in the accidents have increased, the frequency of accidents resulting in personal injuries is still at low levels in comparison with, for example, frequencies of personal injuries for moose accidents. The cost for wild boar-vehicle accidents has increased between 2003 to 2016 and is currently estimated to vary between approximately EUR 9.66-12.31 million per year.

  • Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Calluna AB, Linköping.
    LED-belysningens effekter på djur och natur med rekommendationer: Fokus på nordiska förhållanden och känsliga arter och grupper2018Report (Other academic)
  • Holm, Susanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. 199403135628.
    Laago, Klara
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Vi ungdomar har också åsikter att säga: En fenomenografisk analys av ungdomars perspektiv på delaktighet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the convention on the Rights of the Child, every child has the right to freely express his or her opinion. The society has a responsibility to include young people’s participation, hence listen to their opinions and ideas. Nevertheless, it is difficult to implement young people’s participation in practice as children are sometimes viewed as objects in need of protection and viewed by others as independent actors. Adults behavior affects the opportunities to participate and is therefore important to acknowledge. This essay is grounded in previous studies which have observed a need for further research on young people’s own perspective on participation. Consequently, the purpose was to examine youth’s perspective on partic-ipation in matters that concern them, just like article 12 claims. Four research questions have been answered. The first one concerns the youths point of views of participation, the second one their interest in matters revolving around youths in society and the third one concerns what prerequisites the youth’s need to be able and willing to participate. The fourth research question was to what extent young people want to influence issues that concern them. It was answered based on the results of the first and the third questions and is presented in the analysis. The questions have been studied within the case of Jönköping. Data was collected through individual semi-structured interviews with eight participants. With a phenomenographic method the collected data was analyzed. In addition, the data was linked to levels of children’s participation though Hart’s Ladder of Participation which gave the results an order of precedence along with analytical depth and developed a theory. In summary, the findings conclude: the adolescents had experienced that adults often show a degrading attitude towards youth; there is a great interest in questions involving their schools; partic-ipation is important to youth and is every individual’s right; and finally, societal participation needs to be further developed to become known and accessible for youth. It was further categorized into three different ideal types: the indifferent, the reformers and the revolutionary. The analytical constructions should not be viewed as complete and representative for all youths. Rather the result of this study should facilitate an understanding of the many dynamics of adolescents’ participation in society. 

  • Tai, Lok Hei
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    The effects of witnessing domestic violence on the daily functioning of children aged, 3 to 8 years2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic violence, intimate partner violence, is a major social problem is the world.  This systematic study will discuss the effects on children who witness domestic violence and how those effect can be coded in the ICF-CY coding system, Body functions and Activities and participation. The effects of witnessing domestic violence were categorized by the contexts of ICF-CY, Body function and Activities and participation. The result showed that there are negative impacts in mental function, immunological system functions, digestive system, communication and interpersonal interactions and relationships. All effects can be coded with ICF-CY Body functions and Activities and participation.

  • Lenka, Sambit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Managing the Transformation Towards Advanced Service Provision: A Multilevel Framework of Servitization2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Product-oriented firms are increasingly moving towards providing services to customers in a bid to differentiate their offerings, increase customer loyalty, and achieve higher, more stable revenue streams. This trend of servitization is becoming ubiquitous in manufacturing firms. These firms increasingly invest resources in efforts to offer basic and advanced services. Basic services focus on supporting the functioning of the product and increasing its efficiency. But advanced services focus on helping customers achieve their desired outcomes. Providing advanced services holds potential of greater benefits for the manufacturing firms, but a closer look indicates that most firms still largely offer basic services. This is because, advanced services demand greater intensity in relationships with customers, a higher degree of customization, and a sharper focus on assisting customers in their own value creation processes.

     

    Offering advanced services is more risky, complex, and difficult to execute. Therefore, significant changes must be made in terms of company culture, structures, processes, capabilities, and business models. In fact, servitizing firms must transform almost every aspect of the way they do business – from their business strategy to their capabilities, organizational structure, culture, mindset, and business logic. This transformation towards advanced services therefore affects all levels of the firm: strategic, operational, and individual levels. Although prior studies have explored many aspects of the challenges involved in the transformation towards advanced services, they typically focus on function-specific practices without linking initiatives at other organizational levels. The literature lacks a multilevel understanding of the transformation process. Such an understanding could provide a better understanding of the transformation process, linking various aspects at multiple levels within the firm. To address this gap, this dissertation aims to improve our understanding of multilevel transformation towards advanced service provision in manufacturing firms.

     

    Based on extensive qualitative studies with 13 leading Swedish manufacturing firms engaged in servitization, this dissertation provides a framework that shows how manufacturing firms experience ambivalence (i.e. the simultaneous pull in opposite directions) during transformation and how this affects the firm at the strategic, operational, and individual levels. The dissertation provides specific insights of how individual actions enable capability building for advanced services and how capabilities for advanced services help address business model alignment problems, thereby supporting transformation towards advanced service provision. This dissertation extends our understanding of how various aspects at multiple levels within a manufacturing firm are linked during the transformation towards advanced service provision. It marks one of the initial attempts in the servitization research to provide a multilevel explanation of firms’ overall transformation from providers of products to providers of advanced services.

     

    This dissertation also uses the lens of ambivalence to provide insights into co-existing product and service orientations and their consequences during servitization. Ambivalence theories have been associated with individuals and have been applied in the sociopsychology literature. This dissertation extends these theories to the organizational context and the servitization literature. It also identifies specific capabilities that can help manufacturing firms in their transformation towards advanced services. Specifically, it redefines digitalization capability and shows how this capability is one of the most important capabilities that manufacturing firms must develop to transform into advanced service providers. This dissertation also provides a capability maturity model that can help guide the capability development process in manufacturing firms. Finally, this dissertation contributes to our understanding of the role of individuals in the transformation process within firms. This is one of the first systematic attempts to provide a microfoundation-based view of individual-level influences on higher-level outcomes in the servitization literature.

     

     

  • Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Digitalization Capabilities as Enablers of Value Co-Creation in Servitizing Firms2017In: Psychology & Marketing, ISSN 0742-6046, E-ISSN 1520-6793, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 92-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As manufacturing companies pursue a servitization strategy, they are increasingly relying on developing digitalization capabilities to interact and co-create value with their customers. However, many lack an understanding of what constitutes digitalization capabilities and how they can create value with customers. To address these questions, the study builds on qualitative data from four industrial manufacturing firms to conceptualize three underlying subcomponents of digitalization capabilities, namely, intelligence capability, connect capability, and analytic capability. The study identifies and explains how digitalization capabilities enable value co-creation with customers through perceptive and responsive mechanisms. This study contributes to the servitization literature by showcasing how digitalization capabilities are enabling value co-creation in a business-to-business context.

  • Reim, Wibeke
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Lenka, Sambit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Implementing sustainable product–service systems utilizing business model activities2017In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 64, p. 61-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To stay competitive and comply with government legislation, many global manufacturing companies try to diminish their environmental impact and avoid commoditization of their products by offering sustainable product–service systems (PSS). Offering PSS successfully is highly challenging, however, and significant interfirm heterogeneity exists with regard to successful PSS provision. Based on multiple case studies in two global manufacturing companies, the importance of the business model as an organizing device to align and coordinate key activities and scarce resources in PSS is highlight. The analysis provides insights into the underlying building blocks that will help firms implement a PSS business model and provides new implications for analyzing and improving PSS offers.

  • Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Digitalization and advanced service innovation: How digitalization capabilities enable companies to co-create value with customers2016In: Management of Innovation and Technology, ISSN 2001-208X, no 3, p. 2-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of increasing connectivity and the omnipresence of information technology in manufacturing industry, adopting digital technologies is changing the very nature of how innovation occurs and the products-services offered by manufacturing companies to their customers.

  • Farmanli, Ramin
    et al.
    Mustafa, Ahmed
    Kartläggning av företagens användning av de 3R:en2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To map the companies’ use of the specific 3R’s (reuse, remanufacture and recycle) as well as gain an understanding of  the cooperation opportunities between manufacturing organizations and companies that work with the 3R’s:

     

       1) What factors play a role in the companies’ use of the specific 3R’s?

       2) Which cooperation opportunities do the companies’ see from a sustainability perspective?

     

    Method: The study was based on a multiple case design which consisted interviews. The interviews were based on companies that manufacture and develop electronic and electrical equipment (EEE) and companies who are engaged in taking care of the used EEE. The study also contained different literature studies in sustainability, which further lead to the creation of the theoretical framework in cooperation with the purpose of the study. Between the theoretical framework and the study's empiricism an analysis could be carried out, which also contributed to the results of the study.

     

    Result: The study has resulted in the identification of several different factors for the specific 3R’s, together with cooperation opportunities between manufacturing organizations of EEE and companies that take care of the consumed EEE based on the specific 3R’s. Where economic sustainability, i.e. profit maximization has been the factor that has permeated a large part of the results, together with some influence from environmental considerations.

     

    Implications: The study does not establish a new theory but bases itself on existing theories that have been tested in reality through interviews. During this study, it has been clear that the economic factors are one of the most important elements that determine how companies choose to work. Profit maximization is such a big factor that it also affects and outweighs environmental considerations when placed against each other. Environmental considerations are usually less considered than profit maximization but should weigh at least as much as profit maximization during the decision-making process.

     

    Limitations:

    • The study is based only on companies located in Sweden.

    • This study does not address/treat social sustainability or social considerations.

    • The study is based on producer companies that manufacture and develop electronic and electrical products as well as companies that work with reuse, remanufacture and recycling of electronic and electrical products.

     

    Key words: Waste management, End of life, supply chain, Life cycle analysis, reverse logistic, Waste electrical and electronic equipment, reuse, remanufacture, recycle.

  • Mesolongiti, Marika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Interventions to improve the engagement of children with Attention Deficti/Hyperactivity Disorder in school activities: A  Systematic Review2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder diagnosed from an early age of life by the symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. This systematic review aims to explore the evidence for interventions implemented at school by school staff to improve the engagement of children with ADHD in school activities. Six articles were extracted from four different databases (ERIC, PsycINFO, CINAHL and ProQuest Central), after specific inclusion and exclusion criteria had been applied and a quality appraisal procedure implemented and ranked using the Oxford Levels of Evidence Based Medicine. A content analysis was used for the data analysis by categorising relevant findings. Results describe the definitions found in the included in the systematic studies for the term ‘’engagement’’, the effects of the intervention strategies on the engagement of children with ADHD as well as the types of intervention strategies described in the studies. Effective interventions need to be implemented within the school environment for children with ADHD in order to improve their engagement and social skills. Further research should focus on more intervention strategies implemented at school for improving the engagement of children with ADHD, considering characteristics among different cultures as well.  

  • Trejo, Karina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    The participatory profiles of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy : with and without mental health issues2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Holm, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ärendehantering för webbaserade affärssystem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An issue tracking system is a vital part of a company’s structure and organization. This system is primarily client-based and is only available through a client on a computer or the like. Because of this type of structure, the system is often limited to an internal level. However, implementing a web-based issue tracking system results in a wider availability and usability for users by providing the system to a mobile level. Since this study aims to develop and implement an artifact (web-based issue tracking system), then evaluate its usability, the research methodology: Design Science Research is appropriate for this study as its purpose is to implement and evaluate an artifact as a solution to a phenomenon or problem.

    A client-based issue tracking system in a business means that customers to a certain company only has the opportunity to monitor their issues if they have mutual remote-control capabilities and the same type of system.

    With a mostly quantitative questionnaire, designed according to the acceptance model Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), data was collected regarding the usefulness of the artifact. The survey respondents were exclusively users of the Pyramid enterprise resource system.

    The result in accordance of UTAUT showed a positive attitude towards implementation and usability of the artifact, thus, making the conclusion of the study a positive attitude towards a web-based issue tracking system, as users of an enterprise resource planning system perceived the artifact as useful and at least as functional as the existing client-based implementation.

  • Jonasson, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Petras, Caitlin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Visuellt tillfredställande ljusmiljöer vid nyplanerad belysning på utvalda sjukhusavdelningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose with the report is to contribute with information around how to shape a lighting environment that support well-being. The goal is to show builders that the Swedish lighting standard SS-EN 12464-1 ​Ljus och belysning ​can be fulfilled in a more visually satisfactory manner. ​The study includes general areas of newly built and reconstructed hospitals. Observations at the hospitals take place during the day and do not take the weather into account. ​Builders for different types of projects are interviewed to get an understanding of how lighting design is handled in the construction process.

    The thesis has qualitative methodology where previous research forms the basis for the work, supplemented with observations and interviews. Collection of research on well-being and light environment is the first step in the work. Thereafter two hospitals are observed. Conclusions drawn from previous research and observations are used to make interview questions to the builders.

    Research shows that a satisfactory light environment that promotes well-being is an interplay that forms an ensemble of several factors where light is one of the factors together with architecture, air, sound, furnishing, color, and opportunity for outlook from windows as well as daylight. The two hospitals that have been observed follow to some extent what research shows how light environments should be designed after well-being. Builders think that lighting is an important part of a building and should come in at an early stage. Generally, the builder's does not possess any expertise in the area, thus taking expert assistance for best results. The builders who responded to the interviews in the projects had a basic requirement following the Swedish lighting standard SS-EN 12464-1. ​It is shown that visually satisfactory light environments that promote well-being can partly be created with Swedish lighting standard SS-EN 12464-1. Provided that a lighting designer comes in early in the construction process and may depart from the standard if necessary to create interaction with the other factors in the room that are adapted to human perception.

  • KARLSSON, AMANDA
    Samurajer i filmens värld: Om historiebrukets förändring i filmer med japansk kultur och samurajer2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Film is a popular media with many impressions and messages. The message can, among other things, be conducted through various historical uses within the films. As a viewer, it is important to have the knowledge of how to analyse these messages and the use of history. The essay makes an analysis of the use of history of six different films based on Japanese culture. The analysis is made by categorizing the films within the different history uses. This is done through a narrative film analysis of the samurai as a symbol in the films and the characteristics shown by the samurai.

    The result of the analysis is, that the samurais characteristics is shown in several different ways, for example as a strong and loyal warrior, but also as a spiritual character who is interested in writing and reading poems. Some of the films also show the humanity of the samurai, where themselves fail to live up to the ideal of the samurai. The films create a complex image of the samurai who do not always adhere to the ideal depending on what the film aims to show the audience. The samurais were in the earlier films shown to be loyal to the nation but in the later films the direction of the loyalty changed towards the family. The categories used by the films are five out of seven: ideological, political-educational, existential, non-use and commercial. Political-pedagogical and commercial history was the two most common categories and was present in all films, while non-use was the third most popular category and was clearly relevant in five of six films. The result also shows that the time has influenced the film's production both filmically and through messages.

  • Rostamian Shirazi Nejad, Behzad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Olivares Muñoz, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    En kvalitativ studie om betydelsen av intern kommunikation och informationsflöde: En undersökning om hur dessa faktorer kan effektivisera inlagringsprocessen hos ett distribuerande företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the study is to investigate how the internal communication and information flow can be improved in the case company’s inbound process. To fulfil the purpose, the following three questions have been answered:

    1. How does the internal communication and information flow look like in the inbound process of a distribution warehouse?

    2. What restrictions in the internal communication and information flow can affect the efficiency of the inbound process?

    3. How can a more effective internal communication and information flow improve the inbound process of a distribution warehouse?

    Method – In order to fulfil the purpose, a case study was conducted at a distribution company. Empirical data was collected through interviews and observations. The empirical data supported by the theoretical framework, helped achieve the purpose.

    Findings – How the current communication and information flow looks like and what constraints exists was identified first. Based on the constraints that were identified, viable solutions were proposed that can improve the internal communication and information flow of the case company.

    Implications – The study’s results are intended to help improve a company’s internal communication and information flow. If limitations occur in a company, the proposed measures can help reduce existing communication shortages.

    Limitations – Data was only collected from those who are involved in the inbound process. Thereby, the authors do not know how it looks like in the other areas and to what extent they are affected by the inbound process. Interviews was also not possible to conduct on warehouse workers who handle the unloading due to time shortages and language constraints. They also affect and are affected by the inbound process, so it would have been interesting to also get their views.

  • Hirsh, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, Ingela
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Teachers leading teachers: understanding middle-leaders’ role and thoughts about career in the context of a changed division of labour2018In: School Leadership and Management, ISSN 1363-2434, E-ISSN 1364-2626Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study aims to create in-depth knowledge about the phenomena of middle-leadership and career in school by identifying (1) driving forces for seeking and maintaining middle-leading positions, (2) opportunities and difficulties in maintaining the middle-leading role over time, and (3) underlying thoughts of career disclosed in the respondents’ expressions. Five different reasons for seeking middle-leading positions are identified and driving forces for maintaining the position are categorised as either internal reward/non-observable outcomes or external reward/observable outcomes. Furthermore, the results show that different types of difficulties arise in distinct phases and that middle-leaders’ needs for support therefore vary over time. Additionally, the complexity of teachers’/middle-leaders’ career thinking clearly emerges, and implications for practice are discussed.

  • Utterberg, Oscar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Rand, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Klassificering av reservdelar för effektivare reservdelshantering2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose–The purpose of this study was to find a classification tool that can ease the decision-making process of spare parts planning and forecasting. To accomplish this, three research questions were formulated;

    1. Which analysis tools can be used for a systematic classification of spare parts into different groups?
    2. How can the classified groups be used when planning and forecasting spare parts?
    3. How can the forecasting be done for the different classified groupsconsidering thecustomer service level? 

    Method– The study was deductively through theory-building, with both an empirical case study and analytical conceptual approach. The methods used were; litterateur research, interviews and collection of secondary data. The litterateur research has been conducted in the areas; spare parts classification and forecasting. 

    Findings– The finding of this study was that a multi criteria method is needed for a systematic classification of spare parts, because of the complex nature of spare part handling. The classification model can then be used for multiple tasks. The tasks that this study found were; help in deciding the customer service level, help in choosing forecast method for the different spare part groups and finding the spare parts that have shifted in demand trend.

    Implications– The classification model intends to ease companies spare parts planning and forecasting process. With help from the model the case company should have a more effective process now in choosing which customer service level and forecasting method to use for their spare part. 

     Limitations– This studies limitation was that only one case company was studied because of time constraints. This makes the modified model very company specific and needs to be further validated on other companies.

     Keywords– Classification, Spare parts classification, Decision support, Forecasting, Spare parts forecasting, customer service level 

     

  • Ugljanin, Mirela
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Medeltidens kvinnor och män i läroböcker för historia: En kvalitativ textanalys av sex läroböcker i historia mellan 1970 -20122018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande studie undersöks kvinnor och kvinnlighet samt män och manlighet under medeltiden utifrån en textanalys i sex historieläroböcker som utgavs mellan 1970-2012. Tidigare forskning har visat att kvinnor inte benämns i samma utsträckning som män i både historieläroböcker men även i andra ämnen som exempelvis svenska, vilket är det som avgör källäget eftersom genus började användas efter 1970-talet.Nästan inga forskare har berört området medeltiden och därför har intentionen med föreliggande studie varit att undersöka hur kvinnor och män framställs i den epoken. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats med ett komparativt anslag där resultatet visar att inte många kvinnor berördes i läroböckerna från 1970, dock något mer under 1990-talet och ännu mer efter 2011. Detta har att göra med att läroplanerna har förändrats tre gånger: en gång 1970, sedan 1994 och sist den ändrades var 2011. I läroplanen 2011 instiftades det att genus skulle vara en del av historieundervisningen, vilket det tidigare inte har benämnts på samma sätt. Samtliga böcker visar att det som var typiskt manligt var att männen hade mycket makt och var överordnade kvinnan. De skulle ut och krigasamt vara ute på handelsfärder. Egenskaperna de skulle ha var att vara kunniga, starka och pålitliga. Kvinnorna däremot skulle vara hemma och föda många barn, ta hand om dem och ta hand om hemmet när männen var ute i fält. Det fanns dock kvinnor som vågade bryta normen, så som Jeanne d’Arc och vågade arbeta med så kallade ”manssysslor” och klä sig i manskläder, vilket var tabubelagt under medeltiden.

  • Beltramo, Rebecca
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Vulnerability among children and youth in São Paulo.: A qualitative study of children living in a slum area, an occupied building and on the streets.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children living in vulnerability as living on the street has been a well discussed issue for a long time. The importance of addressing the factors of why children are living in vulnerability along with what concrete actions that can be taken to help these children to a safer life have formed the ground for this study. I conducted five semi-structured interviews with adults working with children and youth living in vulnerability in São Paulo, such as living in an occupied building so called occupation, in a slum area so called favela or on the streets. To receive a deeper understanding of the issue, four observations related to the different vulnerable living conditions were implemented. There are several factors found in the study that are arguing for the fact that children living in favelas or in an occupation are living well and are not living in vulnerability. The social movement engaged in these situations is providing the children with housing and other social rights, such as education and personal growth. On the other hand, there are numerous factors found in the study that confirms that children that are living on the street are living in vulnerability, since they get exposed to situations of violence, crime, drugs etcetera. One of the main reasons found in the study of why children are living on the streets in São Paulo are because they run away as a consequence of abuse or maltreatment. Another main reason is that they are kicked out or sent to the streets by their parents due to moral issues, for example unwanted pregnancy or homosexuality, or to earn money for the family, respectively. Overall, the study revealed that there are laws, public policies and social programs to guarantee children’s and youth’s rights, such as the constitution of children and adolescent rights. These have not been implemented properly or the people that have the right to access the policies or programs are not aware of them. Another conclusion drawn from the study is that there are some concrete actions that can be taken to help children and youth living in vulnerability in São Paulo to a better life. For example, that they should be provided with housing, education and social rights. To enable this, the government should refund the social programs that they have been cutting funding from, such as Bolsa Família [a Brazilian social welfare program for poor families].