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  • Pacolli, Miranda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication. pami1748@student.ju.se.
    Stamenkovic, Lazar
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication. stla15LS@student.ju.se.
    Demokrati och värdegrundsarbete i SO-undervisningen: En litteraturstudie om hur läraren kan främja elevernas kunskaper i demokrati och värdegrund i samhällsorienterande ämnen2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Democracy and value education within the subject social studies – a literature study about how teachers encourage student’s knowledge in democracy and values within the subject social studies.

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    Demokrati och värdegrundsarbete i SO-undervisningen
  • Public defence: 2020-05-28 14:00 da Vinci (E4106) / via Zoom
    Thajudeen, Shamnath
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Product design and development (PDD).
    Supporting the design phase of industrialised house building using a product platform approach: A case study of a tmber based post and beam building system2020Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, industrialised house building has gained shares on the Swedish house building market. The market demands for industrialised house building are exceeding the available supply of housing and experiencing a substantial increase in the housing production costs. For industrialised house building, the design has been identified as a critical phase with the systematization of the design a necessary part of industrialisation. Therefore, companies strive towards the inclusion of standardization and controlled processes in the design phase. Product platforms have proved to be related to the standardization of processes and products. Introducing a product platform approach in the design phase of house building could be a way to improve the design and ensure value creation in entire processes. Thus, the aim of this research is to outline means to support and improve the design phase of industrialised house building by using a product platform approach.

    A Swedish multi-storey house building company that uses glulam post and beam building system with a focus on platform development was used as the single case study in this research. The company intends to achieve increased efficiency by moving towards industrialized approaches. Empirical data were mainly gathered from interviews, observations, workshops, and document analysis. The findings present the existing challenges in the housing building industry and outlines twenty critical success factors that need to be considered in the design phase. Also, the result outlines support methods and tools that can be used for the improvement of the design phase when applying a product platform approach. Moreover, a flexible product platform can be developed with the support of parametric modelling and used to design building components having an engineer-to-order characteristic. Finally, the results show that a building system can be considered as part of a product platform in light of the necessity of an adequate support in the design process to maintain a sustainable platform. Thus, the contribution includes the addition of knowledge to platform theory in general and its application on the design phase of industrialised house building.

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  • Public defence: 2020-05-26 10:00 da Vinci (jE4106) / via Zoom, Jönköping
    Sequeira, Movin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Developing decision-support tools for evaluation of manufacturing reshoring decisions2020Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During last three decades, companies have offshored their manufacturing activities across international borders in order to pursue lower manufacturing costs. Despite having accomplished their purpose, companies have also suffered from issues, especially poor quality of products and a poor response to customer demand. Therefore, companies consider relocating some of the manufacturing activities back to the home country, a process that is known as manufacturing reshoring. There is paucity of scholarly attention on how manufacturing reshoring decisions are evaluated and supported. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to develop decision-support tools to evaluate manufacturing reshoring decisions. In order to fulfil this, it is important to know how industry experts reason while making manufacturing reshoring decisions (RQ1), and how their reasoning can be modeled into decision-support tools (RQ2). Therefore, three studies were conducted including a multiple case study and two modeling studies. The multiple case study addressed the criteria that are considered by the industry experts in these decisions, while the two modeling studies, based on fuzzy logic and analytical hierarchy process (AHP), used a part of these criteria to develop decision-support tools. The findings indicate that a holistic set of criteria were considered by industry experts in arriving at a manufacturing reshoring decision. A large portion of these criteria occur within competitive priority category and among them, high importance is given to quality, while low importance to sustainability. Fuzzy logic modeling was used to model the criteria from the perspective of competitive priority at an overall level. Three fuzzy logic concepts were developed to capture industry experts’ reasoning and facilitate modeling of manufacturing reshoring decisions. Furthermore, two configurations and sixteen settings were developed, of which, the best ones were identified. AHP-based tools were used to capture experts’ reasoning of the competitive priority criteria by comparing the criteria. It was observed that fuzzy logic-based tools are able to better emulate industry experts’ reasoning of manufacturing reshoring. This research contributes to theory with a holistic framework of reshoring decision criteria, and to practice with decision-support tools for evaluation of manufacturing reshoring decisions.

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  • Public defence: 2020-05-28 15:00 da Vinci (E4106) / Via Zoom, Jönköping
    Vestin, Alexander
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Smart manufacturing for the wooden single-family house industry2020Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To meet the demand of future building requirements, and to improve productivity and competitiveness, there is a need to modernize and revise the current practices in the wooden single-family house industry. In several other sectors, intensive work is being done to adapt to the anticipated fourth industrial revolution. The manufacturing industry has already begun its transformation with concepts such as smart manufacturing and Industry 4.0. So far, smart manufacturing has not been discussed to any significant extent for the wooden single-family house industry, even though it might be a way for this industry to improve productivity and competitiveness.

    The research presented in this thesis aims at increased knowledge about what smart manufacturing means for the wooden single-family house industry. This requires investigating what smart wooden house manufacturingis, what challenges that might be associated with it, and how smart wooden house manufacturing can be realized. At the core of this thesis is the conceptualization of smart wooden house manufacturing—when realized, it is expected to contribute to improve the competitiveness of the wooden single family house industry.

    The findings presented here are based on three Research Studies. Two studies were case studies within the wooden single-family house industry. The third study was a traditional literature review.

    The findings revealed two definitions and 26 components of smart wooden house manufacturing. At large, smart wooden house manufacturing emphasizes digital transformation with a focus on digital information flow, how to add information, information compilation, and information distribution between systems/programs and departments. Some of the challenges associated with smart wooden house manufacturing are, e.g. culture, competence and manual transfer of information between systems.

    The findings indicate similarities of smart wooden house manufacturing within certain components of industrialized house building and Industry 4.0, these components could enable the realization of smart wooden house manufacturing.

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  • Carlstein, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Olofsson, Moa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research.
    Undervisningsmetoder i matematik: Problembaserad undervisning och traditionell undervisning i ett samspel2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En problembaserad undervisning tillåter matematikundervisningen att vara utmanande och undersökande för eleverna. Till skillnad från den traditionella undervisningen är syftet att eleverna ska ställas inför problem som de får arbeta med för att komma fram till en lösning. Denna undervisningsmetod leder således till andra sätt att lära än den traditionella undervisningen. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att belysa hur en problembaserad undervisning kan komplettera den traditionella undervisningen för att utveckla elevers matematiska måluppfyllelse. För att undersöka detta genomfördes en systematisk granskning av forskning inom området. Resultatet är uppdelat efter tre forskningsfrågor som har i uppgift att besvara studiens syfte. Studien har identifierat vad som utmärker en problembaserad undervisning, som att det utgår från elevernas kunskapsnivå samt att det ger eleverna möjlighet att skapa sin egen förståelse. Läraren är en viktig del för lärandet och behöver besitta en hög yrkeskompetens för att maximera elevernas inlärningsmöjligheter. En problembaserad undervisning leder till resonemang och reflektion vilket främjar den djupa förståelsen för matematiken. Men, för att kunna resonera och reflektera krävs att eleverna har en god begreppsförståelse och besitter goda kunskaper inom metodval.

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  • Public defence: 2020-06-05 13:00 Forum Humanum, Jönköping
    Stadin, Magdalena
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    The digitalised work environment: Health, experiences and actions2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this thesis was to examine the association between technostress, operationalised as information and communication technology (ICT) demands, and indicators of work-related stress, as well as its association with self-rated health. Additional aims were to identify occupational groups at risk with regard to ICT demands, and to describe experiences of technostress and how it was handled by healthcare managers.

    Methods: The thesis includes four individual papers. Papers I–III have a quantitative (cross-sectional or prospective) study design and are based on data derived from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) and collected between 2006 and 2016. Data was analysed by statistical methods, such as linear and logistic regression analysis. Paper IV has a qualitative study design and is based on data from 20 semi-structured interviews with healthcare managers. The data was analysed using the critical incident technique.

    Results: ICT demands were correlated with job strain and effort-reward imbalance, especially the demands and effort dimensions of these measures. High ICT demands were associated with suboptimal self-rated health in cross-sectional analyses and in prospective analyses including repeated measurement. Managers, and particularly ‘managers in healthcare and other community services’, followed by ‘managers in education’, had the highest odds ratio of ICT demands, in comparison with both ‘non-managers’ and ‘all other managers’. Healthcare managers’ experiences of technostress could be categorised into the main areas ‘negative aspects of digital communication’, ‘poor user experience of ICTs’ and ‘needs to improve organisational resources’. The actions they took to cope with technostress were categorised into the main areas ‘culture, norms and social support’, ‘individual resources’ and ‘organisational resources’.

    Conclusions: Technostress operationalised as ICT demands is associated with suboptimal self-rated health. Occupational groups differ in their exposure to ICT demands by industry and position. Organisational efforts to ensure a sustainable and healthy digital work environment are warranted. ICT demands should be assessed against ICT resources for a comprehensive understanding of their association with health.

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  • Haglund, Gustav
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Mood Román, Clara
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Visual appeal versus usability: A quantitative analysis of the importance of visual appeal and usability in e-commerce2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Unappealing websites are rejected quickly upon visiting them, while visitors spend more time on visually appealing websites before judging its reliability; but to what extent can visual appeal alone carry the success of a website, and is it so powerful that good usability can be sacrificed? This paper studies the respective importance of visual appeal and usability in e-commerce as factors, in order to determine which factor plays the bigger role in generating trust and credibility for an e-commerce site, as credibility perception is highly correlated with its visual complexity. The relation between these two factors and the likelihood to make a purchase is also discussed. Two prototypes for a fictional consumer electronics e-commerce website were created: one with good design and flawed usability, and another with flawed design and good usability. These prototypes were shown to students aged 20-25 and asked which one they found more trustworthy and which they would rather make a purchase from. With the correlation between trust and purchase intention being apparent, the design of an e-commerce website for consumer electronics should focus mainly on the visual appeal. Usability seems to have some value, however it does not seem to be of the same importance as the visual appeal of the site in regards to generating trust, and consequently customers. The prototypes were constructed in Adobe XD, demonstrated with video recordings, and sent out in a survey to 70 students.

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  • Baftija, Arif
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Bilden av islam: En historiografisk studie om islam i svensk forskning2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The image of Islam

    A historiographical study of Islam in Swedish research.

    A society`s image of a foreign people, culture and religion changes constantly depending on social, political and other important events. Today Islam is the second largest religion in Sweden after Christianity and that is why it has become important to study the Swedish image of Islam, Muhammed and the Islamic world during the last century. This study is a historiographical and examines the work of six different Swedish authors between the year 1918 to 1930 and 1979 to 2011. The aim of studying these works is to examine whether there has been changes in the Swedish view of Islam, Muhammed and Muslim societies. The theoretical starting point of this study is based on the economist Amartya Sen`s view on identity as multidimensional. According to Sen, a too strong emphasis on ethnic, cultural and religious identities tends to create antagonism and conflicts between different group of peoples. That is why, according to Sen, it is important to emphasize the similarities between different cultures instead of only focus on their differences. Also, Samual P. Huntington`s thesis that emphasizes the differences between religious civilizations in the world who struggle for power and influence is used in this study. The investigation shows that there are differences between the authors from 1918 to 1930 and 1979 to 2011 in their description of Islam, Muhammed and Muslim societies. While the older authors focus mostly on Islam`s past, the contemporary authors deal mostly with Islam in present times. The investigation also demonstrates that the older authors in general give a positive description of Islam`s earlier history, while they depict Islam and Muslim societies as stagnant and reactionary in modern times. The result confirms earlier studies who show similar tendencies on description of Islamic and other Non-Western societies.

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  • Bjernersjö, Mathilda
    et al.
    Wikdahl, Alicia
    Qualitative experiences of personalization algorithms: The strategies used by university students (to counteract ideological homogeneity) when navigating social media feeds and their experience with personalization algorithms.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – At the beginning of this year the number of social media user worldwide was recorded to be at 3.80 billion and is estimated to keep rising (Kemp, 2020). Along with this connectivity, new concepts have been acknowledged that have caused some controversy. These concepts have been named echo chambers and filter bubbles. This study investigates how social media users experience personalisation algorithms and the perceived existence of filter bubbles and echo chambers on various social media platforms and channels. Furthermore, it explores to what extent these users make use of strategies when navigating their social media feeds and if they believe that said strategies have any effect on personalisation algorithms, filter bubbles, and echo chambers.

    Method – Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 participants currently studying at Jönköping University. The interviews were then transcribed and analysed using a thematic approach. 

    Findings – The perception of students at Jönköping University is that filter bubbles and echo chambers exist in a varying degree of visibility and commonality depending on the situation and medium. These are also experienced to be interconnected with personalisation algorithms. The experience of personalisation algorithms is mainly positive, as it allows the users to easily navigate the feed but negative implications are also mentioned.  These are isolation, the negative strengthening and creation of filter bubbles or echo chambers. However, the algorithm is not believed to be the only thing responsible for the creation. The users believe that their own navigation and strategies can have such an effect. The strategies that users use are (1) Passive navigation, (2) Source evaluation, (3) Multiple source searching, (4) Responsibility taking, and the (5) Creation of filter bubbles. The effect these have on filter bubbles, personalisation algorithms and echo chambers is helping, to an extent, alleviate some of the negative effects that these are experienced to have. However, the passive navigation and creation of filter bubbles have a somewhat opposite effect as they help the creation or maintaining of filter bubbles and personalisation algorithms.

    Implications – The findings in this study build on existing evidence of echo chambers being more easily formed when the topic of discussion is of a political nature, as it is described by Barberá, Jost, Nagler, Tucker, and Bonneau (2015) in their research on how echo chambers form on Twitter. Furthermore, these findings could be considered to disagree with the research of Dubois and Blank (2018) who found that people who had a high political interest were less likely of ending up in an echo chamber. Although, due to their research taking all media into account, such as television, radio, newspaper, and so forth, while the current study is focused on social media alone the comparison is a bit more difficult to make. Finally, in the study made by Seargeant and Tagg (2019), it was concluded that the personalisation algorithms are not the sole contributor to filter bubbles forming on Facebook and that the users play a key role in how their online environment is shaped. The results of this study build on their research that the users do use strategies when navigating that affect what is being shown to them on their social media feeds. However, the participants of the current study claimed that the algorithms played a pretty large role too, which is not quite in line with the research conducted by Seargeant and Tagg (2019).

    Limitations – The generalisability of this study is limited due to the small sample size chosen to conduct this study, although instead, it provides deeper insight into the relationship between humans and their social media platforms and channels. Moreover, a bias that should be acknowledged is that when conducting interviews there is a risk of encountering response bias, which is when the participants assume the purpose of the study and adapt their answers to fit what they believe the researcher(s) want to hear. To avoid this precautions were taken when designing the questions to make sure that they would not lead the participants in any directions.

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  • Alnervik, Tilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ma, Gerui
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Success factors in an introductory programming course in a non-CS major2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The contradiction of the increased demand for IT specialists and the decrease of the enrollment in programming courses at universities worldwide has been discussed over the years. To tackle the problem, researchers and teachers in computing education have investigated various success factors in introductory programming courses, mostly within the context of computer science. This paper focuses on the investigation of success factors for students that are not majoring in computer science (non-CS) in an introductory programming course, to report on the results of student's performance and analysis of the most relevant success factors, also provide suggestions that could be considered for the course design and teaching method.

     

    Method – The methods used to carry out the study are a survey with 36 participants, conducted before the start of an introductory programming course, and qualitative interviews conducted with twelve students after the end of the course. The interviews were then analysed thematically to find common patterns for five success factors between the students with different grades. The success factors that were examined are math background, previous programming experience, comfort level, motivation and attribution to success.

     

    Findings – Math background could not be proved as a success factor in this study due to the lack of a standardized assessment of the students’ math levels. Previous programming experience could be regarded as a success factor but not as dominant as the success factor motivation, which has shown clear patterns in the data. Comfort level could be seen as one of the success factors as well, as most of the data in this study support this conclusion. Lastly, attribution to success as a success factor could not be supported by this study; the qualitative data showed variety which makes it hard to draw a conclusion directly.

     

    Implications – The study suggest increasing the motivation for the non-CS students in introductory programming by combining programming with other subjects in the programme. The lecturer could customize the course for students with different interests so they could select a path and adapt the knowledge to their needs. Bridging courses and various forms of mentoring are also recommended to offer.

     

    Limitations – The time frame of the study limited the amount of data that could be collected. The study was conducted with students from only one university and one non-CS programme, with a small data sample for analysis, which is limiting in the way the results can be generalized.

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  • Skötte, Philip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Jopia Bergstedt, Calle
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    En komparativ studie av LoRaWAN kommunikation mellan simuleringsmiljö och verklig miljö.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IoT stands for the Internet of Things and is a concept that has been around since 1999. IoT are objects around us that collects data and connects to controls or other machines via the internet and is a field that constantly growing every year. The most used communication for IoT devices is wireless communication. The term is broad and contains many different protocols, e.g. Bluetooth, WiFi, and LoRa. LoRa, which is short for Long Range is an energy-efficient long-range wireless data transfer technology that sends small data packets between IoT nodes and LoRa receivers. A LoRa receiver can communicate with hundreds of nodes and the product has spread widely throughout the world. LoRa is the term for the physical layer for communication and LoRaWAN corresponds to the communication protocol.

    Simulating a LoRaWAN network is interesting as it provides an opportunity to get an idea of how it might work. This can result in increased use of network simulations in experiments and give the opportunity for companies, as well as private individuals to take the first step towards using LoRa and benefit from the results.

    Ns-3 is a network simulator and has been selected for use in this work. The use of a network simulator always raises questions about how credible the simulation portraits reality. With a collaboration with Etteplan, the issue for the work was formulated to:

    ● How well can simulation of LoRaWAN correspond to physical measurement when used between a LoRa receiver and IoT node in a free-vision environment?

    To answer the question, a simulation of a LoRaWAN network in the simulator Ns-3 was tested and then compared with results based on reality. The factor that was compared in the simulation against reality is the signal strength and how it is affected by spreading factors, different bandwidths and distances. The spreading factors 7 to 11 and the bandwidth 125, 250 and 500 kHz have been used at the distances 211, 1800 and 3500 meters.

    After analysing the data collected during the experiment it can be seen that the signal strength became stronger the higher the bandwidth used in the reality, however similar tests resulted in the simulation to the contrary. The higher bandwidth contributed to a lower signal strength. The spreading factor behaved differently in the simulation compared to the reality because it had a bigger impact on the signal strength. The conclusion of this can be that the simulation was able to integrate the signal for a longer time with higher spreading factor and this led to better signal strength as it reduced the interference of communication. However, one can conclude that the simulation showed a good picture of what a real scenario might look like between a LoRa receiver and IoT node.

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  • Bock, Edwin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Spets, Paula
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Konkret material i sannolikhetsundervisningen: En litteraturstudie om att använda och motivera valet av konkret material med elever inom sannolikhetsundervisningen2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en litteraturstudie om konkret material i undervisning om sannolikhet. Många lärare tycker det är svårt att undervisa om sannolikhet så eleverna utvecklar kunskaper inom området, då kan konkret material vara till stor hjälp. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka och besvara vilka typer av konkret material som används i undervisningen, hur de motiveras och om det skiljer sig i valet av material beroende på elevernas ålder. För att hitta vetenskapliga texter har söktjänsterna Swepub, ERIC och Primo använts. Genom närläsning, färgkodningsmetoden och komparativa metoden har materialet analyserats. De utvalda studierna lyfter lärandeteorier som har en likartad syn på användningen av konkret material. Dessa teorier är den sociokulturella och den konstruktivistiska, de kopplas samman med vad artiklarna säger om materialval inom olika åldrar. Resultatet visar att det används flera olika konkreta material i sannolikhetsundervisningen som exempelvis tärningar, kulor och spinners. En vanlig motivering av konkret material i sannolikhetsundervisningen är att det fångar elevernas intresse och att det kan sättas in i ett vardagligt sammanhang. Resultatet visar även att studierna kommit fram till olika slutsatser, till exempel gör de skillnad på om det konkreta materialet ska vara vardagligt eller pedagogiskt och huruvida man bör använda ett eller kombinera två av samma material. Åldersanalysen pekar på att det förekommer mer vardagliga föremål med de yngre eleverna, exempelvis genom att dra leksaker eller pärlor ur en påse/låda medan äldre elever oftare arbetar med tärningar eller Flexitree. I diskussionen tas bland annat tävlingsmoment upp i arbetet med sannolikhet.

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  • Lönnblad, Oscar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Axelsson, Alexander
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Gynnar fysisk aktivitet ett matematiklärande?: En litteraturstudie om fysisk aktivitet och elevers lärande i matematik2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna litteraturstudie belyser hur fysisk aktivitet i matematikundervisning påverkar elevers prestationer inom matematik i grundskolan. Genom en systematisk litteratursökning utifrån förutbestämda kriterier har vetenskapligt material samlats in från databaser för att sedan ha kritiskt granskats utifrån tre olika metoder. Det vetenskapliga urvalet består av tio peer-reviewed artiklar. I litteraturstudien beskrivs olika sätt att använda sig av fysisk aktivitet kopplat till lärande i allmänhet och matematik i synnerhet. Det som framträder är att studier som pågått i minst 2 studieår inom forskningsområdet, visar på ett mer positivt resultat kring hur fysisk aktivitet påverkar matematiklärandet. Ett kriterium i studien är att de fysiska aktiviteterna ska kunna genomföras utan redskap och möjlighet till större utrymmen. Det analyserade materialet pekar på att extrainsatt fysisk aktivitet i matematikundervisningen påverkar grundskoleelevers lärande. De positiva effekter som uppstår är att eleverna lär sig snabbare gentemot de elever som inte hade extrainsatt fysisk aktivitet. Visserligen fanns det de studier som inte såg de positiva effekterna av fysisk aktivitet men dessa studier såg heller inte några negativa effekter av den extrainsatta fysiska aktiviteten.

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  • Larsson Lindberg, Britta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Discerning the Receiver: A learning study with inexperienced writers aged 14-162020Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the present study is to develop knowledge of Swedish students’ writing in English, and how teaching of a specific kind of writing can be designed and enacted. The study focuses on what the students need to discern in order to develop a more differentiated knowledge of how to adapt a message to an unknown receiver—in this case a message for a person at a hotel. The research question addressed is how aspects of text and receiver can be varied and explored by teachers and students jointly in order to expand the students’ capability to adapt a text to an unknown receiver. The study is based on transcribed lesson data from a learning study, which is a research approach where teachers and researchers work together in an iterative process to understand and improve teaching and learning of a specific object of learning. The research question was explored in five cycles with five different groups. Thirty-four Swedish students, 14–16 years of age, from a special school for students with dyslexia and neuropsychiatric disorders, participated in the study. The theoretical framework of the study was variation theory. A basic assumption of variation theory is that, in order to develop a certain piece of knowledge, it is critical to discern some particular aspects of that knowledge. To enable the discernment of such aspects, they must be made discernible by means of variation. The results show that a short message, used as an example, needs to be deconstructed into its aspects. Once the students had discerned the concept of the receiver, they started to contrast ways to express the same content for known and unknown receivers. With the help of the concept of the receiver, the students explored the aspects amount of information, politeness, and formality together with the teachers. Each aspect needed to be focused on separately but within the framing whole of the specific context, that is, writing a message to a hotel. The findings also show that certain aspects on the macro-level were possible to discern when two texts were compared, whereas other aspects on the micro-level, such as modal verbs, had to be varied against the background of an invariant clause in order for the students to discern them.

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  • Knutsson, Sebastian
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Minns du Herr Kantarell?: En innehållsanalys av historiekulturen kring Elias Magnus Fries i svenska tidningsartiklar mellan 1970–20192019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze the botanist Elias Magnus Fries legacy between 1970 until today. The focus is on the Swedish medias interest in Fries, as well as how he and his name has been utilized during this period. Departing from theories on history culture and uses of history, the Swedish national newspapers Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen and Svenska Dagbladet are analyzed. The study shows when and how the memory of Elias Magnus Fries has been activated and portrayed in Swedish media, as well as if they used Fries as a kind of national symbol. During the 1970’s the interest was at its peak but dwindled after the 90’s probable due to the lack of jubilee celebration. Indeed, the interest of Fries peaked during the 70’s and 90’s because of celebrating the 100-year celebration of his death in 1878 and the 200 anniversary of his birth in 1794. Although, the general view of Fries persona always has been positive, rather scant attention har been devoted to Fries during the entire period and he was often only mentioned briefly. The interest was in general primarily on mushrooms rather than Fries, and it was always the mushrooms that spurred an interest in Fries rather than the other way around. This might indicate a rather weak position in the history of science within Swedish media. Nevertheless, the newspapers also depicted Fries as a kind of national educator, scientist and a person with a great an evolutionistic mind for his great interest in mushrooms and its introduction in the Swedish cuisine.

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  • Lindholm, Rebecka
    et al.
    Jansson, Matilda
    Kooperativt lärande i klassrummet: En litteraturstudie om användandet av kooperativt lärande i elevers läsutveckling samt samspel i grundskolan2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna litteraturstudie belyser arbetssätt samt metod där i undervisningen med anknytning till kooperativt lärande och läsförståelse samt hur detta påverkar elevernas samspel och interaktion. Användningen av kooperativt lärande i klassrummet varierar beroende på lärarens engagemang. Syftet med denna studie är att belysa hur kooperativt lärande behandlas som metod för att utveckla elevers läsförståelse och samspel i grundskolan för årskurs F-3. Syftet avses svaras med hjälp av följande frågeställningar:

    • Hur ser relationen ut mellan kooperativt lärande och läsförståelse?
    • Vilka möjligheter och hinder finns med kooperativt lärande i undervisningen?

    Frågeställningarna besvaras med hjälp av 13 stycken vetenskapliga artiklar. Forskningen är mestadels internationell och utförd i flera olika delar av världen. Resultatet på användandet av kooperativt lärande i klassrummet visade på ökade resultat i läsförståelse samt ökad interaktion och samspel mellan eleverna. Faktorer som påverkade användandet av kooperativt lärande var bland annat klassrumsklimatet, både den psykiska och fysiska, resurser, lärarens kunskap och engagemang. Genom strukturerad undervisning i och om användandet av kooperativt lärande kan det öka elevers läsförståelse samt samspel och interaktion. För att kooperativt lärande ska ha en positiv inverkan på undervisningen är lärarens kunskap och engagemang avgörande.

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    Kooperativt lärande i klassrummet
  • Tell, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Olsson, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Digitala verktyg i skrivundervisningen – ett sätt att inkludera: En litteraturstudie om relationen mellan inkludering och användandet av digitala verktyg i skrivundervisning i årskurserna F-32020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna litteraturstudie belyser vi för lärare samt lärarstudenter hur forskare tolkar inkludering i undervisningen samt hur det kan uppnås med hjälp av digitala verktyg i skrivundervisningen. Litteraturstudiens syfte är att belysa hur tidigare forskning berör relationen mellan inkludering och användandet av digitala verktyg i skrivundervisningen i årskurserna F-3. Bristande forskning samt saknaden av en gemensam uppfattning av det valda området har bidragit till kartläggning av befintlig forskning, för att skapa förståelse för inkludering i undervisningen samt hur digitala verktyg i skrivundervisningen kan fungera inkluderande. I bakgrundsavsnittet presenteras de kunskaper samt begrepp som krävs för förståelse av litteraturstudiens resultat samt diskussion. Läsaren får i det avsnittet även ta del av vad styrdokumenten tar upp kring ämnet. Studien grundar sig på vetenskapliga publikationer funna via olika söktjänster och kedjesökningar. I metodavsnittet får läsaren ta del av de tillvägagångssätt som använts för att hitta relevanta publikationer, men även en granskning av de valda publikationerna. I resultatavsnittet redovisas den tidigare forskning som berör litteraturstudiens syfte och frågeställningar. Läsaren får i resultatet ta del av flertalet olika definitioner av inkludering i undervisningen. Många definitioner har flera likheter men ingen definition är den andra helt lik. Studiens resultat visar även hur digitala verktyg i skrivundervisningen kan användas för att inkludera både elever med svårigheter, men också hur digitala verktyg kan användas för att alla elever ska ges möjlighet att arbeta på sin nivå. I resultatet lyfts vikten av lärarens kompetens i användningen av digitala verktyg med fokus på en inkluderande undervisning. Litteraturstudien avslutas med ett diskussionsavsnitt där läsaren får ta del av en diskussion och reflektion av studiens metod samt resultat. Sist presenteras vidare forskning inom området

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  • Bjarnehall, Sandra
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Karkouh, Nancy
    Jönköping University.
    Att förstå det skrivna: En litteraturstudie med inriktning på läsförståelse och inferensläsning2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna litteraturstudie syftar till att undersöka hur sambandet mellan lässtrategin inferensläsning och elevers läsförståelseutveckling presenteras genom tidigare forskning. Studien inriktar sig mot undervisning inom svenskämnet för årskurs F-3. Vidare belyser studien hur läraren genom språkutvecklande arbetssätt kan bidra till att utveckla elevernas läsförståelse. Läsutvecklingen lägger grunden för fortsatt kunskapsutveckling och är ett av skolans viktiga uppdrag. Lässtrategin inferensläsning kan utgöra en viktig del av identitetsskapandet eftersom eleverna genom strategin kopplar textens handling till egna erfarenheter och känslomässiga tillstånd. Alla elever får idag inte det stöd de behöver för att utveckla sin läsförståelse. Elever har dessutom olika förutsättningar att lära, vilket i sin tur ställer höga krav på lärarens kompetens och förmåga att anpassa undervisningen så att alla elever ges möjlighet att nå kunskapsmålen. Resultatet av det analyserade forskningsmaterialet visar sig knyta an till den sociokulturella teorin som belyser vikten av interaktion mellan lärare och elev.

    Datainsamlingen har skett genom informationssökningar i olika databaser. Det material som undersökts består både av nationella och internationella vetenskapliga artiklar och journaler. Avgränsningar som tillämpats vid informationssökningen är bland annat att den undersökta forskningen ska vara av aktuellt publikationsår samt att den behandlar en åldersgrupp som är relevant i förhållande till studiens syfte, vilket presenteras närmre i urvalet. I analysen av det undersökta materialet framkommer likheter och skillnader kring relationen mellan inferensläsning och läsförståelseutveckling. I studiens bakgrund förankras även litteratur som är relevant för studiens syfte samt kopplingar till svenska skolans styrdokument. Resultatet av studien visar att elevers läsförståelse utvecklas när lässtrategin inferensläsning undervisas genom dialogisk högläsning, frågeställningar och textsamtal. För att språk och läsförståelseutveckling ska ske är elevernas motivation samt interaktionen mellan lärare och elev avgörande.

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    Att förstå det skrivna