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  • Eriksson, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Axelsson, Lucas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ett lag att vara stolt över och några fotbollsspelare: En kritisk diskursanalys av Simon Banks krönikor under herr-och damfotbolls-VM under 2018 och 20192020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based upon four columns written by Simon Bank from the Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet. The columns are about four games from both the men's football world cup that took part in 2018 and the women's football world cup that took part in 2019. There are two columns for each team. The FIFA World Cup is the sporting event that attracted most viewers around the world and the FIFA Women’s World Cup broke its record in 2019 in terms of viewers. The study will be done with critical discourse analysis (CDA) with Anabela Carvalho's (2008, p. 167-171) step by step-model as a tool. Our result will then be discussed with theories of gender studies and hegemony taken into account. Previous studies in these areas have shown that it is more common for women to have texts written about them were their looks and personal life is the main focus instead of their athletic performances and achievements. Studies in hegemony have shown that there is a male hegemony in texts about sports. Both in the amount being reported but also how both genders are represented when either losing of winning a game. Our result shows that there are no significant differences between how the writer is reporting about either of the teams. They are both being viewed based on their performances as athletes and not about their attributes related to their gender. In our analysis we found that there were some linguistic choices that showed a presence of male hegemony in the columns about the male and female games. Something that is shown in previous studies about the presence of male hegemony in sports.

  • Stenlund, Gabriella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Neuman, Oskar
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Creating a model for providing personal travel recommendations: Predicting the destination from the commuter search history2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Following the recent surge of implementations of various recommender systems, this study applied the technique of collaborative filtering to the area of commuting in the system of public transportation. This study processed and analyzed commuter search patterns collected from the travel planning mobile application MobiTime. The purpose of this study was to see how collaborative filtering can be applied on search history to predict the commuter non-routine destination. By creating and providing a model with varying sizes of routine routes (history from the commuters), the accuracy of the model was measured based on that history. The study found that the accuracy is varying with the history provided by the commuter and that the method described in the study outperformed the baseline. The result of this study could make the commuting experience more efficient.

  • Johansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Johansson, Ted
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Det stavas inte konsumentskydd, utan pengar": En kritisk retorikanalys av hur CSR kommuniceras i Svenska Spels marknadskommunikation2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In society today, it has become more common that companies are expected to strive against following a Corporate Social ResponsibilityThe concept of CSR involves the responsibility every company have towards the society and has it roots in economic, social and environmental standpoints. A Swedish company that has faced a lot of criticism for how they handle their CSR is Svenska Spel, a governmentally owned gambling company. The criticism is based on the government financing a company that can have negative consequences for the public health. 

    The Swedish gambling market is rather unique in terms of the different competing actors in it. For a long time Svenska Spel had a monopoly on the market, but in modern days they have been facing competition from foreign gambling companies. Since Svenska Spel wants to build a reputation of themselves caring about the Swedish citizens, the competition has led to Svenska Spel facing a dilemma in their marketing. The dilemma is regarding them having to sell their products to compete with foreign companies, while still maintaining an ethical approach towards the public. Therefore this study seeks to examine, through a case study on three of Svenska Spel’s TV commercials, whether they adapt their marketing communication to their CSR. The goal of this case study is to contribute to other research regarding businesses with controversial products, with the purpose of seeing how a company’s marketing communication can differ from their CSR. To examine this, a critical rhetorical analysis method was used, as well as different marketing theories to answer our research questions. 

    Our findings show that some companies produce material for their market communication that goes against their CSR foundations. The results of this case study point towards signs that companies value profits over social sustainability, but try to hide it behind donations and research, which may lead to their long term gains. In the case of Svenska Spel, a step away from their CSR could have serious impact on public health.

  • Sjöberg, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Widlund, Pernilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Det är tungt att bli lätt.: Vad motiverar personer med övervikt och fetma till viktnedgång.-En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since 1975 obesity has increased three-fold all over the world, while being overweight or obese doesn´t just effect the person but also society as a whole. Overweight and obesity is often caused by unhealthy behaviour, a BMI over 25 increases the risk of diseases. Motivation consists of three parts: internal, external and lack of motivation.Purpose: To describe people´s experiences of what can motivate to weight loss if having overweight and obesity.Method: A literature review with a qualitative design, analysed by Friberg´s five-step model.Result: The result showed that support from healthcare and near family was important in motivating weight loss. Achieving better health through knowledge and improving self-esteem were all motivators for weight loss.Conclusion: To find out what motivates people to lose weight, nurses need to work by promoting health through individually adapted processes. Health care initially need to promote a person to keep a healthy lifestyle until their own drive takes over.

  • Chaaya, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Prodromou Mina, Artemis
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Vardagen när hjärtat sviktar.: Kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johannesson, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Eklöf, Lisa
    Jönköping University.
    Strandberg, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress från ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stress is something that occurs when there is an imbalance between demands and an individual's ability to handle those demands. Stress is a personal experience and is handled differently for all individuals. Stress can lead to reduced memory storage and decreased performance, which for nurses can affect the performance of safe care.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe nurses' experiences of work-related stressMethod:A qualitative literature review with an inductive approach. After quality review, 15 articles were selected, of which 13 were qualitative studies and two were mixed methods studies.

    Results: The result consisted of two main themes “Stress as a result of organizational aspects” and “Stress related to the role of profession”. High workload, work environment, multiple tasks and expectations contributed to the nurse's feelings as stressful at work.

    Conclusion: It is difficult for nurses to practice safe care when the stress in the workplace becomes too high, which negatively affects nurses' nursing work and patient safety. This literature review can provide an opportunity for nurses to gain greater understanding of what triggers nurses' stress in the workplace and how it threatens their performance of good and safe nursing care for patients.

  • Fahlström, Agnes
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    By the way, how is your sex life?: Sjuksköterskors arbete rörande sexuell hälsa – en kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexual health exists and is essential throughout the life cycle. People's sexual health can be affected by illness, medication or bodily function. Nurses play an important role in promoting what patients experience as sexual health. Purpose: To describe nurses' experiences of working with patients' sexual health. Method: A qualitative literature review with an inductive approach has been carried out based on ten scientific articles. Results: Two main themes and six sub-themes have been identified based on the results. The first main theme presents how the environment in the workplace can affect nurses' work, such as access to privacy of conversations. Nurses state that they do not prioritize patients' sexual health due to, among other things, the lack of time. Also, how nurses' knowledge and skills affect their work. The second theme present how nurses personal opinions influence the conversation with patients. The results show that nurses have preconceived opinions and attitudes towards whom the sexuality belongs to. Conclusion: Knowledge and education are of great importance for nurses to feel comfortable working with patients' sexual health. Despite low priority, nurses still believe that patients' sexual health is important. The health promotion work is being threatened by the nurses' preconceived opinions and attitudes towards sexual health.

  • Higgins, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    En svensk solkonung med fläckar: En undersökning om bilden av Gustav III och hans tid i verk om svensk historia från 1860–20112019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Osmani, Donjeta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Afrikas eller Europas historia?: En kvalitativ läromedelsanalys av svenska läromedels syn på Afrikas historia under perioden 1960–20162020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has gone from being a homogenous country to becoming a multicultural country during these past sixty years. Due to this reason history teaching and its’ teaching materials have been forced to adapt to the situation, however, some might have failed with doing so. The essay has its’ focus on the figuration and inclusion of African history in Swedish teaching material used in history classes during the period 1960 to 2016. Aside from this, the essay also handles the presentation and description of African history alone in textbooks. The aim of the essay thus becomes to examine whether teaching material used in history classes in upper secondary schools have changed due to the transformation Sweden has undergone by becoming a multicultural society. Postcolonial and orientalism criticism have been applied. Theoretical terms, such as eurocentrism and othering, have been used in order to analyze how the authors have described Africa and its’ history in teaching materials and how individuals in the African history appear in the textbooks. The results have shown that eurocentrism and othering appear throughout the textbooks, however, these seem to emerge in distinctive ways and are beginning to dissolve further into our period.

  • Svensson, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Tortyr, terror och gränslös grymhet": En mikrohistorisk ögonvittnesskildring av konflikten i Kambodja mellan 1975-19782020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Saloth Sar, also known by the notorious name Pol Pot marched as a winner with his communist party on April the 17th(1975), into the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh. This was the beginning of what would become one of the most horrible and brutal genocides in history. The courageous individuals who managed to escape the regime, bravely shared their life experiences and helped enlightening the world concerning the conflict and power relations in Cambodia.

    The main purpose of this study was to elucidate how eyewitnesses, between 1975-1978, portrayed and experienced the conflict in Cambodia. The regime’s disciplinary methods and punishments is in focus. In addition, the secondary purpose was to figure out how the French philosopher Michel Foucault’s power theories of disciplinary and punitive methods were expressed during the conflict. In order to fulfil the purpose, a qualitative, micro historic study has been conducted to review documents containing statements and interviews, compiled by the United Nations in 1978.

    What emerged along the course of the study was that the methods, most often used as punishment, were mainly executions and corporal punishments, such as torture. The eyewitnesses illustrated that the Cambodian population was subjected to the abuses mentioned above, due to either violation of fictional laws, for instance, showing love to another person or arriving late to work. The study also illustrates how spies of the regime were hiding everywhere in the Cambodian society and were mainly used for a disciplining purpose, as they made the Cambodian inhabitants submissive. 

    In conclusion, the Khmer Rouge exercise of power illustrates how the purpose of disciplining techniques and corporal punishments was to generate power, establish control of individuals and maintain discipline. As a result, the Khmer Rouge regime achieved an appended population and reduced deviations from the order. That is why, Khmer Rouge exercise of power can be related to Foucault’s theories concerning punishment, discipline and supervision. 

  • Moberg, Tina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Robsahm, Klara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskans möte med våldsutsatta kvinnor: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Våld mot kvinnor är idag ett allvarligt samhällsproblem som kan orsaka ohälsa och lidande hos kvinnor. Våldsutsatta kvinnor uppsöker vården mer frekvent än andra kvinnor som inte varit utsatta för våld. Därav är chansen relativt hög att sjuksköterskor kommer att möta våldsutsatta kvinnor i vården. Sjuksköterskor bör möta kvinnorna med respekt och öppenhet för att kunna ge en god omvårdnad. Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen var att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser i mötet med kvinnor som blivit utsatta för våld i nära relationer. Metod: En litteraturöversikt baserad på kvalitativ ansats. Analysen har genomförts efter Fribergs femstegsmodell. Resultat: Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor upplevde brist på utbildning och kunskap om våld i nära relation. Sjuksköterskor upplevde att det var svårt att fråga kvinnor om de blivit utsatta för våld. Det kunde bero på tidsbrist och bristande arbetsmiljö. Det förekom även fördomar och föreställningar om våldsutsatta kvinnor från sjuksköterskor som resulterade i att frågor om våld undveks. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor upplever behov av utbildning, riktlinjer och handledning inför mötet med kvinnor som blivit utsatta för våld i nära relation. För att lättare kunna identifiera våldsutsatta kvinnor krävs en ökad medvetenhet från sjuksköterskor. Att värna om våldsutsatta kvinnors integritet, trygghet och välbefinnande var centrala delar för att skapa en god hälsa. Sjuksköterskor bör se våldsutsatta kvinnors behov och styrkor för att skapa en tillitsfull vårdrelation.

  • Lundblad, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Vigren, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Effekter av vårdhund som omvårdnasåtgärd: En litteraturöversikt ur ett patientperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dogs helps humans by working alongside the police, firedepartment and healthcare. Thearpy dog is the term that is used within healthcare, where a educated dog works together with its handler to promote health. Aim: The aim of this study was to detect the effects of using therapy dogs as an intervention on patients in healthcare settings. Methods: A literary review with a systematic stirring. Only randomized controlled studies were included, all with different assessment tests to measure the effect of the therapy dog on various conditions. Results: Three categories of description were created; cognitive impairment, mental illness and neuropsychiatric disorder. Nine articles were included, and 19 different assessment tests were chosen. Nine of the assessment tests showed that the therapy dog has a positive effect on patients, but ten showed no significant difference from the control. Some of the areas where therapy dogs showed a positive effect was on quality of life and anxiety. Conclusions: The results from the study’s varies, and the evidence for the use of therapy dog is low. Even though the evidence is low, therapy dogs are used for elderly in long term care facility based on proven experience. Further studies are needed to evaluate the evidence and effects of therapy dogs in healthcare settings.  Furthermore, studies within the subject security specifically within zoonosis needs to be done.

  • Sjölin, Helen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Södergren Ohrt, Madeléne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att förebygga malnutrition: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter i hemsjukvården i en kommun2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Good nutritional wellbeing is crucial for good health. Malnutrition is a risk factor to the elderly, which may contribute to a lowered quality of life. Home care nurses play a prominent role in the preventative work. Purpose: To describe registered nurses’ experiences of working in a preventative manner in order to avoid malnutrition in home care patients in one community. Method: A qualitative design with an inductive approach was used. Ten interviews were conducted in total, after which the findings were analysed using content analysis. Result: The analysis gave rise to three categories: actions to be able to work preventative, personal an organisational obstacles and what the nurse need for improvements. It was evident that nurses usually discovered malnutrition through weight checks and treat it through energy enrichment of the patient’s diet. Preventative care may be obstructed by the patient’s participation in making decisions, as well as various organisational matters. Conclusion: The conclusion was there is room for improvement in the preventative care. While ambition is present among the nurses, the absence of a clear work description was perceived as hindrance to perform preventative actions. 

  • Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Younan, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Bogren, Camilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av att använda smärtskattningsinstrument i palliativ vård.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    District nurses experience of using pain assessment tools in general in palliative care.

     

    Background: Pain is a subjective experience and a common symptom in palliative care. The district nurse has an important role in this care to perform adequate pain estimates with validated instruments to promote good health care. By describing district nurses' experiences of pain assessment instruments, the importance of using these can be recognized and any need for improvement can be identified.

     

    Aim: How do district nurses describe their experience of using pain assessment tools in general in palliative care.

     

    Method: A qualitative interview study and semi-structured questions with an inductive approach were conducted. The study included fifteen interviews with district nurses. The interviews were processed using qualitative content analysis.

     

    Results: District nurses used different pain assessment tools depending on the situation and the patient. In cases where the patient was unable to communicate, the district nurse usually assessed the pain with her clinical gaze in combination with a validated pain assessment instrument. The conversation between the district nurse and the patient was of great importance for an adequate pain assessment. Well known routines were lacking in some workplaces which created unstructured pain assessment situations. 

     

    Conclusion: In the study, most district nurses point out that the optimal pain assessment is performed using pain estimation instruments and experienced clinical gaze along with established routines. To achieve this, pain assessment tools must be implemented in everyday work.

  • Vestin, Johanna
    et al.
    Saume, Klara
    Hur en sjuksköterska kan stödja patienter med diabetes typ 2: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Mattsson, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Johansson, Emilie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Digitala medier -Ett verktyg inom hälsofrämjande arbete?: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Working towards health promotion is becoming increasingly important for the nurse to reduce the burden of care and costs in the future, as well as reduce the proportion of chronic illnesses. The nurse's work includes developing both herself and nursing. Within the nurse's core competencies there are informatics where e-health exists as a concept where interventions are included. Aim: The aim was to investigate the effects of the general nurse's use of digital media in health promoting purposes. Method: A litterature study with a four steps analasys was conducted containing 11 scientific articles. Result: Most of the articles reviewed had positive significant results regarding physical health and diet, psychological health, risk behaviours and compliance regarding diet and medication. Conclusion: To use digital media for health promoting purposes has a positive effect. This might lead to an increase in health promoting interventions on digital media to reduce the occurrence of, or manage, chronic diseases in the future.

  • Axén, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Levin, Helén
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Vi sitter i samma båt: En empirisk studie om hemsjukvården, ALMA-teamet och primärvården i Västra Östergötland.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of elderly people in Sweden and the world is constantly increasing. In order to achieve good care for the elderly with complex care needs in the home, good cooperation between the region and the municipality is required. In western Östergötland there is a mobile team, the ALMA team, which is based on the hospital in Motala. The team consists of nurses and doctors who work to improve care for the elderly with complex care needs. Aim: The purpose of the study was to describe nurses '/ district nurses' experience of the collaboration between home health care, the ALMA team and primary care in Western Östergötland. Method: A qualitative method with inductive approach was used, 13 interviews were conducted with nurses / district nurses within the home healthcare and ALMA team. Content analysis was used in data processing. Result: The main findings of the result show that the collaboration between the ALMA team and the home health services worked well and that the cooperation between the home health care and the primary care functioned less well, seen from the home health care perspective. Conclusion: A well-functioning collaboration between home health care and the ALMA team leads to better care for the elderly with complex care needs. The lack of cooperation between home health care and primary care is due to a lack of knowledge of each other's resources and routines. The work of the ALMA team could be applied to other regions.  Keywords: Complex care needs, collaboration, ordinary living, elderly, district nurse.

  • Zäther, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Fransson, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av uppdraget som vårdsamordnare på vårdcentral: En empirisk studie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    District nurses’ experiences of the function as care coordinator at health care centers.  

    An empirical study. 

    On January 1, 2018, the Law on Collaboration in the discharge from health care came into force which led to a new working method in the collaboration for a well-functioning discharge process. In the region of Jönköping, governance documents were designed for a new function; care coordinator. The function is held by various professions, but the majority is district nurses. The purpose of this study was to describe the district nurses' experiences of their function as care coordinator at health centers in the region of Jönköping County. Sixteen district nurses were interviewed, and the data were analyzed through a qualitative content analysis. The result showed that the experience of care coordination was generally positive but there were difficulties in form of unclear guidelines and the requirements for using digital solutions. The function of care coordinator was not perceived to require district nurse education, although it was found to be an advantage. The most important things were to be experienced and to be able to create good relationships in the chain of care.

  • Vackmyr, Sandra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lundahl, Carin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Stöd till närstående inom palliativ hemsjukvård: - Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care takes place mostly in the home, which can be difficult. Earlier studies show that next-of-kin needs support to be able to be there for the dying person and to avoid developing physical and mental ill-health for oneself. Despite this, because of natural reasons, focus turns towards the patient when the palliative home care suffers from lack of time and resources.

     

    Aim: To describe district nurses’ experiences of their support to next-of-kin in palliative home-based care. 

     

    Methods: A qualitative interview study with inductive approach was performed. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with 14 district nurses. The interviews were analysed by using qualitative content analysis.

     

    Results: During the data analysis, six sub-categories emerged. Three categories were created; The importance of a functioning communication, The importance of a functioning way to work and The importance of building security.

     

    Conclusions: It requires sensitivity, time, good communication, continuity, experience and if possible, a long caring relationship which create security to give support to next-of-kin. Obstacles could be lack of time, deficient agreement and differences concerning language and culture. Deeper knowledge regarding difficult conversations and education to guide people in crisis are missing, but also knowledge of and implementation of family-oriented care. 

  • Landberg Lejon, Elina
    Jönköping University.
    Föräldrars uppfattningar av mötet med barnhälsovårdssjuksköterskan: En enkätundersökning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Parents' perceptions of the meeting with Child Health Nurse

    A survey study

    Background: All children are entitled to a fair and equal Child Health Care with a focus on the best possible physical, mental and social health. The Child Health Nurse must encounter each family and try to create an alliance together with the parents. Family-centred care can increase the opportunities for cooperation with the parents.

    Purpose: The purpose was to elucidate parents' perceptions of the meeting with the Child Health Nurse with focus on trust, information, participation and the nurses caring approach.

    Method: Data were collected using a web-based survey and analysis of collected material was done using the IBM SPSS Statistics version 26 computer program, with Chi2-analyses.

    Results: The results showed that parents have a positive view of the meeting with the Child Health Nurse. One significant difference emerged; parents with lower education considered the Child Health Nurse more comforting than parents with higher education.

    Conclusion: Parents have a positive view of the meeting with the Child Health Nurse and feel that they have been involved, had the opportunity to ask questions and received information that they understood, which is central to family-centered nursing and furthermore important to establish a good relationship to the parents.

    Keywords: Child health services, child health nurse, family- centered care, parents, survey study.

  • Engström, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Petersson, Camilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av att delegera hälso- och sjukvårdsuppgifter inom hemsjukvård: - en intervjustudie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Home healthcare is healthcare provided in patient's home or equivalent and includes medical interventions, rehabilitation, habilitation and nursing. More advanced healthcare is taking place in patients' homes where non-registered staff perform large parts of nursing tasks. Several medical tasks are delegated by district nurses to non-registered staff. District nurses' work should be based on safe care, which is one of the competencies of the district nurse's profession. One way to accomplish this is to guide and educate non-registered staff. Aim: To illuminate district nurses' experiences of delegating health care tasks in home healthcare. Methods: A qualitative interview study with inductive approach was used. Total 14 district nurses were interviewed with help of a semi-structured interview guide. Qualitative content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman (2004) was used to study the interview material. Results: The analysis led to three categories; Advantageously for patient, unlicensed personnel and district nurse, Dependent of competence and commitment, and Task complexity, and eight subcategories. Conclusions: Home healthcare doesn’t work without delegation to unlicensed personnel. The delegation process is something that requires time and resources, but something that district nurses are in favour of. To ensure patient safety at delegations, trained healthcare personnel, time for training of healthcare personnel and clear delegation routines are required.

  • Rydberg, Carina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. 690209-0049.
    Ekberg, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Behandlingsbegränsningar i hemsjukvård.: Förekomst och hantering2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients who are in a late palliative phase and are being cared for in home health care need good planning and follow-up of their care. In the transition from early to late phase, the responsible physician must decide on end of life decisions, this is often done during a break point call. In order for nurses in home health care to be able to act and make the right decision in the event of a deteriorating condition, documentation and planning must be available and clear. It creates good conditions for the nurses to apply a person-centered approach.Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and management of end of life decisions for patients who are at a late palliative stage, in home health care.Method: A quantitative survey study was conducted with sixteen closed and one qualitative open-ended question. Descriptive and analytical statistics were used. The qualitative question was addressed using content analysis.Results: One fifth of the nurses stated that there were always end of life decisions. Nurses who were older, had longer work experience or longer professional work in home health care had a more positive view of managing end of life decisions.Conclusion: It appeared that the nurses lacked available end of life decisions. Procedures for decisions and documentation as well as increased knowledge were requested by the nurses.Keywords: End of life decisions, home care, palliative care, nurse, person-centered nursing, quantitative questionnaire.

  • Danielsson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Wallenrud, Annie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete med sexuell hälsa: En enkätstudie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

     

    The school nurse’s health promoting work with sexual health. A survey study.

     

    Background: The school nurse's field of work includes health promotion work concerning sexual health. In school nurse education, either the subject is completely missing or given deficiently. Previous studies have shown that educational interventions in the area of sexual health can increase competence, similar studies are lacking in Sweden.

     

    Objective: The aim was to describe how an educational intervention on sexual health effect school nurses´ work procedure in the health enhancing work in sexual health.

     

    Method: The study was a questionnaire consisting of closed and open questions and consisted of a comparison of the answers from two identical questionnaires that were sent out before and after an educational intervention. The closed questions in the questionnaire were analyzed by using descriptive statistics while the open questions were analyzed using a qualitative, conventional content analysis.

     

    Results: The educational intervention has helped the school nurses to gain increased knowledge in various areas of sexual health, as well as having created a sense of increased security in talking about sexual health. The school nurses also considered that a collaboration with other professions was important for successful health promoting work within sexual health.

     

    Conclusions: Education interventions can increase competence and thus increase security in work on sexual health.

     

    Keywords: district nurse, increase competency, school health service, sexual health

  • Dahl, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Frej, Christine
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med multipel skleros2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Multiple sclerosis is a chronic neurological disease from which twice as many women than men suffer. The disease causes various symptoms that mean a great change for the person therefore, it is important that the nurse has the skills necessary to provide relevant nursing care. Purpose: To describe women's experience of living with multiple sclerosis. Method: A literature review with a qualitative approach was conducted to answer the purpose. Searches were made in the databases Cinahl, Medline and PsycInfo. Relevant articles were quality audited and 12 articles analyzed according to Friberg's five-step analysis. Results: Women with multiple sclerosis experienced a change of identity and a change of life situation. The disease created obstacles and limitations that affected everyday life and concerns about how the disease would develop in the future. Healthcare professionals played an important role in facilitating everyday life and reducing stress in women. The information about the illness that the health care provider gave was important in helping the women. Conclusion: Multiple sclerosis affects women's everyday lives where changed identity and changed life situation are common experiences in multiple sclerosis. If the nurse has a person-centered approach at work, it can provide security for the person. 

  • Persson, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lindgren, Emmie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Nurses´ experiences when caring for patients infected with malaria in Tanzania: A qualitative interview study2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Malaria is one of the mosquito-transmitted diseases that is killing millions of people every year, with the highest prevalence in Africa. In Tanzania, more than 90 percent of the inhabitants are at risk of being infected with malaria. The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum does not obtain specific symptoms and differential diagnoses can make it difficult to diagnose malaria. If malaria gets developed into a severe stage, it can affect organs and eventually cause death. Nurses have the role to educate inhabitants on how to prevent malaria.

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe nurses ́ experiences when caring for patients infected with malaria in Tanzania.

    Method: Study with a qualitative approach. A content analysis with a manifest structure was carried out, based on individual semi-structured in-depth interviews with nurses.

    Result: Nurses found it difficult to differentiate malaria from other diseases, like typhoid or meningitis. Nurses focused mostly on patients’ physical by working with medical treatment and education about malaria prevention.

    Conclusion: This study highlighted the importance for nurses of being educated about malaria and knowing how to assess its condition as it can be a mortal disease.

  • Andersson, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Rezai, Reza
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelser av existentiell omvårdnad inom palliativ vård2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Existential care is one of the four dimensions when caring for a human and to provide existential care is included in the nurse profession. People in palliative care are vulnerable and to ease the persons suffering is the main focus. Despite this, the existential dimension is often forgotten and people suffer. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses experience of existential care in the palliative care. Method: A qualitative literature review with twelve scientific articles were used. The search for articles was made in databases and Fribergs five step analysis was used during the article analysis. Result: Through the analyses, three main categories were formed. Importance of the relationship described the great value of being present and creating a balance. The importance of communication described the verbal and non-verbal conversations. And Challenges for the daily work described the feeling of inadequacy. Conclusion: Nurses experienced challenges with providing an existential care. Lack of time and knowledge led to nurses experiencing a feeling of inadequacy whilst a good communication and relationship with the patients facilitated in identifying a patient's existential needs.

  • Stenqvist, Elin
    et al.
    Fällman, Hannah
    Patienters erfarenheter av bedside-rapportering: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johansson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Käll, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Patienters preferenser för delaktighet i vården under livets slutskede.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Palliativ vård syftar till att lindra lidande samt stärka patienternas välbefinnande. I livets slutskede är delaktigheten central för att patienterna ska uppleva att den sista tiden i livet är värdig. För att främja delaktigheten behöver ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt tillämpas och patienterna bör få tillräckligt med information om sin sjukdom.

    Syfte: Beskriva patienters preferenser för delaktighet i samband med palliativ vård i livets slutskede. 

    Metod: Litteraturöversikten genomfördes utifrån en kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats. Dataanalysen har gjorts enligt Fribergs femstegsmodell. 

    Resultat: 13 vetenskapliga artiklar ligger till grund för resultatet som delades in i tre huvudkategorier som visade sig vara centrala preferenser för patienternas delaktighet: “behov av kunskap”, “hantera sin sjukdomssituation” samt “beslutsfattande”. Kategorierna mynnande ut i underkategorier där informationen och kommunikationen var väsentliga för patienternas kunskap. För att kunna hantera sin sjukdomssituation var kontroll och förberedelser inför döden viktigt. Beslutsfattandet kan antingen ske genom självbestämmande eller i samråd med andra.

    Slutsats: För att patienterna i livets slutskede ska kunna bli delaktiga är det viktigt att patienternas preferenser för information och kommunikation uppnås. För sjuksköterskan är det väsentligt att anpassa vården utifrån varje individ samt att utgå från patienternas preferenser. 

  • Woods, Rebecka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Eriksson, Helena
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Upplevelser av egenvård hos personer med hjärtsvikt: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Experiences of self-care in people with heart failure

    Background: In Sweden, there are 225,000 people living with heart failure. Heart failure has a major impact in daily life where people experience social inclusion as a result of lifestyle restrictions and fatigue. A presumption for being able to help and support people in their illness is that nurses has knowledge of how their self-care should be conducted.

    Purpose: To describe experiences of self-care in people with heart failure. 

    Method: The literature review has been based on a qualitative method with a deductive approach. The theory used is person-centered care. 

    Results: The analysis of 12 scientific articles resulted in two main themes. Partnership with the subtheme Lack of information from Healt Care and the Person's narrative with subtheme Social support, Transition and Feeling of guilt. People with heart failure feel that they have too little information about their illness to be able to fully conduct self-care. They also feel a sense of guilt for being sick. Social support is an important part of being able to conduct self-care.

    Conclusion: 

    Participants in the studies experienced too little knowledge of how to conduct selfcare. They also experienced that the information they received was too vague to be practised into daily life. Health professionals must be better at informing and educating. Social support was seen as important in managing to change their situation. Self-help groups can play an important role in this.

    Keywords: Guilt, information, knowledge person-centered care,  social support. 

  • Lagerstedt, Linnea
    Jönköping University.
    Omsorgsfull mor, prinsessa och krigare - om Hillsong och identitet(erna): En studie om digital identitetskonstruktion bland unga kvinnor i Hillsong Church.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har undersökt hur religiösa genusidentiteter konstrueras på Instagram bland unga kvinnor inom Hillsong Sverige. Syftet med studien har varit att undersöka vilka strategier som unga kvinnor använder i sin identitetskonstruktion på det sociala mediet Instagram samt vilken religiös genusidentitet som konstrueras. Studiens teoretiska ramverk har utgått från socialkonstruktivism och en förståelse av identitet som något konstruerat i en social praktik där både strukturer och aktörskap gör sig gällande. Teorierna kring identitet och religiös identitetskonstruktion har främst förankrats i Nancy T Ammermans teori om identitet som något ständigt föränderligt och som konstrueras genom ett identitetsnarrativ. Studien har utifrån den förståelsen av identitet använt narrativ som begrepp för att diskutera vilken berättelse som unga kvinnor inom Hillsong berättar om sina roller som troende kvinnor.

    För att besvara studiens syfte- och frågeställningar har en kombinerad metoddesign använts där kvalitativa djupintervjuer varit främsta metod. Intervjumaterialet har kombinerats med en analys av studiedeltagarnas Instagraminlägg som också utgjort ett material i djupintervjuerna. Materialet bygger på intervjuer och Instagraminlägg från tre informanter.

    Studiens resultat visar att Instagram utgör ett redskap för att aktivt konstruera religiösa genusiden- titeter online. De strategier som framkommer är bland annat motstånd och avstånd, kvinnorna motsätter sig en exponering av sig själva enligt rådande normer på Instagram. Den huvudsakliga strategin som framträder är istället alternativ där Instagram använts för att utmana rådande genus- identiteter och normer. På så sätt uttrycker de en längtan efter att konstruera en ny form av religiös genusidentitet. En sista strategi som framkommer i studien är hashtags för att skapa en kollektiv religiös genusidentitet och därmed utmana betydelsen av tid och plats. Kvinnorollen som framträ- der är bestående av flera olika identitetspositioner och ses som ett aktivt arbete. Kvinnan konstrue- ras både omsorgsfull som en mor, utvald som en prinsessa och aktiv som en ledare och krigare. På så vis framkommer två delvis motstridiga narrativ, ett traditionellt narrativ där kvinnans roll främst konstrueras utifrån traditionellt kvinnliga områden samtidigt som den sociala praktiken inom Hillsong Sisterhood främjar kvinnors synlighet i traditionellt manliga områden som ledare, predi- kanter, musikproducenter och artister.

  • Fareby, Albin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Olofsson, Kajsa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Energiförbrukning vid dataöverföring med LoRa: Datastorleken och överföringsfrekvensens ömsesidiga inverkan på energiförbrukningen.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project aims to research the energy consumption required to run a circuit using LoRa for wireless communication. The energy consumption is calculated by taking the independent variables for the data set, and the number of transmissions per day into account. The study aims to research which one of these parameters affects the energy consumption the most and what the most energy efficient ratio between them are.

     

    A measuring device was developed by programming a development board and installing it in a chassis. The development board (NUCLEO-L037R) has an attachable expansion board for LoRa-communication (SX1272MB2DAS LoRa RF). A code library was downloaded in order to run the board and then modified to suit the research. In the study, one experiment was performed in order to obtain the time required for a transmission, depending on the size of the data sets. The calculated time intervals were then used in a physical formula, to calculate the theoretical energy consumption for each case.

     

    The results show that increasing the number of transmissions per day requires more energy than increasing the size of the data set. The results of this study could be used as a complementary guide for making decisions regarding how data is going to be transmitted using LoRa as a means of communication.

     

    The study only investigated the energy consumption on the development board NUCLEO-L037RZ including the expansion board SX1272MB2DAS LoRa RF. Even so, the result should be applicable on other LoRa products as well. 

  • Shamon, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Talib Kadhum, Kazem
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    MySQL mot MongoDB mot VoltDB - En komparativ studie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Tre perspektiv på livslångt lärande2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten visar att livslångt lärande är ett begrepp som används i många sammanhang och på många olika sätt. Tre perspektiv på livslångt lärande lyfts fram: livslångt lärande som policy, teori och utbildningssystem. Gemensamt för alla tre perspektiv är antagandet att lärande pågår under hela livet. De tre perspektiven utgår också från att lärande sker i många olika sammanhang, samt förekommer i både organiserad form och löpande i vardagen. I avsnittet om policy behandlas hur politiska intentioner har uttryckts och hur betydelser har ändrats över tid. I avsnittet om teorier presenteras en pedagogisk filosofi som kommer till uttryck i tre väl etablerade, holistiska teorier om livslångt lärande. I avsnittet om livslångt lärande som utbildningssystem presenteras det svenska nationella systemet för vuxnas utbildning som ett praktiskt arrangemang där olika institutioner tillhandahåller innehåll på olika nivåer. De betydelser som läggs i begreppet livslångt lärande kan särskiljas genom de tre perspektiven, men det finns också ett tydligt samspel mellan politiska intentioner (uttryckta i policy), pedagogisk filosofi (uttrycka i teoretiska ramverk) och praktiska arrangemang (uttrycka som ett utbildningssystem). Av dessa tre är det framför allt livslångt lärande som pedagogisk filosofi som kan ge viktiga insikter för hur vi kan stödja ett livslångt lärande.

  • Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Andersson, Paulina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Patientens erfarenhet i väntan på operation: En litteraturöverikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters erfarenhet i väntan på operation. Metod: I studien används en litteraturöversikt av 8 vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ metod och en induktiv ansats. Vid dataanalysen användes Friberg femstegsmodell. Resultat: Litteraturöversikten visar att patienters känslor i väntan på operation främst varit negativa, med upplevelser som oro, ångest och depression. Resultatet visar dessutom att patienter upplevt känslor som längtan och förhoppning inför operation. SlutsatsÖversikten visar att den preoperativa perioden är komplex och upplevelsen skiljer sig därmed mellan olika individer. En stor påverkande faktor för upplevelsen var informationen inför operationen. Vid de tillfällen då informationen varit individanpassad minskade negativa känslor inför operation. Detta resulterar således i att sjuksköterskan behöver hantera olika människors upplevelser, och ge individanpassad vård och information.

  • Blomqvist, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Larsson, Camilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Upplevelsen av egenvård hos patienter som har ett hjärta som sviktar: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden, there are approximately 250,000 living with heart failure and the disease continues to increase worldwide. Heart failure is a chronic disease condition that today cannot be cured and is associated with morbidity and premature death. But through good adherence to self-care, the disease can become more manageable.

    Aim: The purpose was to describe the experiences of heart failure patient’s self-care.

    Method: A qualitative method with a deductive approach has been used for the literature review. A total of 10 scientific articles were reviewed according to Friberg's five-step model. All articles have been quality checked. 

     

     

    Results: Two main themes together with three subthemes were designed. Main themes were resources and support as well as understanding information. Sub-themes became social support and professional support as well as patient education. The result describes the importance of patients receiving personalized information that can be given both orally and in writing about their heart failure as well as how patients experience their self-care.

    Conclusion: Information is an important source of motivation and participation in patients' self-care. Patient education from the nurse as well as support from family and close relatives increases motivation for adherence to self-care in heart failure patients. Knowledge and understanding of the patient's inner feelings for their illness are important to have when this patient group meets in the community. The information should be provided individually and preferably with the support of close relatives.

  • Hörnmark, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hallin, Robin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Arbetsrelaterat hot på akutmottagning - En vardag för sjuksköterskor: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Hot och våld på arbetsplatsen ökar globalt varje år och ses som ett stort arbetsmiljöproblem. Arbetsrelaterat hot och våld ses fem gånger mer frekvent inom vård och omsorg jämfört med andra yrken där sjuksköterskor är den mest utsatta rollen. Majoriteten av sjuksköterskor på akutmottagningen har blivit utsatta för arbetsrelaterat hot och våld. Copingstrategier används som teoretisk förankring.  

    Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelse av omvårdnad i samband med arbetsrelaterat hot på akutmottagning.

    Metod: Kvalitativ litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats. Sammanställning av tio vetenskapliga artiklar. Utvalda artiklar innehåller olika upplevelser av sjuksköterskor på akutmottagningar i hotfulla situationer och har analyserats enligt Fribergs modell (2017) i fem steg.

    Resultat:  Resultatet gav sammanlagt sex subteman och tre huvudteman. Acceptans och brister i miljön bildade huvudtemat ”En del av jobbet”. Rädsla och yrkesmissnöje bildade huvudtemat ”Känsla av utsatthet”. Tidskrävande och okunskap bildade huvudtemat ”Känsla av övergivenhet”.

    Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor upplever att arbetsrelaterat hot påverkar omvårdnadsarbetet. Det är viktigt att föra god kommunikation med hotfulla patienter och det interprofessionella teamet. Hot mot sjuksköterskor bidrar till rädsla och yrkesmissnöje vilket påverkar omvårdnaden negativt. Sjuksköterskor upplever omvårdanden vid arbetsrelaterat hot olika beroende på vilka copingverktyg som används.

  • Levin, Axel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Sivertsson, Minna
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    En arbetsstations utformning ur ett produktionsperspektiv: En studie av en delad och icke delad resurs inom tillverkningsindustrin2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte – Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur faktorer påverkar en produktion med delad och icke delad resurs utifrån ett produktionsperspektiv.

     

    För att besvara syftet har två frågeställningar formulerats:

     

    • Vilka faktorer är nödvändiga att ha i beaktning ur ett produktionsperspektiv med delad och icke delad resurs?

     

    • Vad är mest fördelaktigt vid produktion av olika produkter, en delad eller icke delad resurs.

     

    Metod – För att svara på arbetets frågeställningar har en fallstudie och en litteraturstudie genomförts. Två separata fall har studerats genom en flerfallsstudie, ett flöde med en delad respektive icke delad resurs. Fallstudien består av intervjuer, observationer och dokumentstudier. Litteraturstudien låg till grund för teoretiskt ramverk och diskuterar tidigare forskning inom området. Empiriska data har samlats in och sedan analyserats gentemot teoretiskt ramverk för att nå ett resultat.

     

    Resultat –Vid en delad och icke delad resurs anses faktorerna ergonomi, planering, väntan och människans outnyttjade kompetens vara viktigast ur ett produktionsperspektiv. Den mest fördelaktiga lösningen anses vara en automatiserad icke delad resurs. En icke delad resurs underlättar ur ett planeringsperspektiv och en automatisering kan förbättra ergonomin. Denna lösning innebär ett effektivare och mer flexibelt flöde, förenklad planering och bättre ergonomiska förutsättningar för operatörerna. En upptäckt i arbetet är att ergonomin inte påverkas av ifall en resurs är delad eller icke delad men kan förbättras med hjälp av en anpassad automation.

     

    Implikationer – Denna studie grundas i ett problemområde som få tidigare arbeten har studerat. Arbetet utgår från ett produktionsperspektiv med medarbetares direkta involvering. Ett produktionsperspektiv underlättar för företag vid en eventuell investering genom att diskutera olika faktorer och lösningar för en produktion med en delad eller icke delad resurs. En icke delad resurs underlättar planering och flöde medans en automatisering förbättrar ergonomin.

     

    Begränsningar – Studiens begränsningar innefattar att enbart ett företag har studerats och resultatet till fallstudien blir då något limiterad. Fler företag hade ökat arbetets generaliserbarhet. Arbetet använder vissa äldre referenser men då de diskuterar grundläggande strategier anses referenserna fortfarande vara relevanta. Ett alternativ till vidare forskning är att utöka arbetet till ett större område, till exempel en hel produktion eller organisation.

  • Arvidsson, Josefin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Rehnmark, Maja
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Livet efter döden - Personers upplevelser av livet efter hjärtstopp: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden, 11 005 cases of sudden cardiac arrest were reported in the years 2008-2010. Being affected by cardiac arrest and survival can in various ways affect the people’s experience of the future life. The theoretical reference chosen is Cullberg’s crisis theory.

    Aim: To describe peoples experiences of quality of life in daily life after cardiac arrest. 

    Method: Qualitative literature review of ten peer-reviewed articles. Inductive approach was used.

    Result: The results in the literature review consisted of two main themes: ”To live a changed life” and ”A second chance”. The results showed that the first time after returning home was described as most vulnerable. It was important with support from both close relatives and the health care in order to have a good recovery. Physical, emotional and cognitive changes were common, especially in the near future after cardiac arrest.

    Conclusion: Cardiac arrest involves the need for support and clear information about how life is affected by healthcare professionals. If the healthcare system follows this up, people's experiences of life after cardiac arrest are improved.

  • Assia, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Albazi, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ett förändrat liv: Patienters upplevelse av psykisk hälsa efter hjärtinfarkt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Bakgrund: Hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar är den mest förekommande gruppen sjukdomar i världen och står för en tredjedel av den globala dödligheten. Hjärtinfarkt påverkar patienters liv på olika sätt och kräver olika livsstilsförändringar i det dagliga livet.  Att sträva efter att få förståelse för patienters upplevelse av situationen är viktigt och patientdelaktighet är centralt i den personcentrerade omvårdnaden. Sjuksköterskan ska i partnerskap med patienten identifiera vad hälsa betyder och tillsammans med sitt team bedöma, planera, genomföra omvårdnad och skapa förutsättningar för att främja hälsa. Syfte: Att belysa patienters upplevda psykiska hälsa efter hjärtinfarkt.  Metod: Kvalitativ litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats. Resultatet inkluderar totalt 11 vetenskapliga artiklar.  Resultat: Resultatet beskrevs utifrån tre kategorier; “Emotioner”, “Begränsad vardag” samt “Vägen tillbaka”. Känslor av rädsla och osäkerhet var vanligt förekommande hos patienterna. Hjärtinfarkten gav känslor av att deras kropp inte längre var deras. Patienterna upplevde att de fått en andra chans i livet efter hjärtinfarkten, medan andra inte längre var säkra på om livet var värt att leva.  Slutsats: Patienter som drabbats av hjärtinfarkt lever med en konstant känsla av rädsla och osäkerhet samt brist på viktig kunskap som inte delgivits dem av hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalen. Detta medför en begränsad vardag för patienten. Genom djupare förståelse för patienters upplevelse ökar möjligheterna till att kunna erbjuda god personcentrerad vård.

  • Nilsson, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Samhälle, mångfald, Identitet (SMI).
    Våra äldre: Om konstruktioner av äldre i offentligheten2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of how ‘older people’ as a linguistic and social category, and ageing as a process, is constructed in three interrelated publics. The aim of the thesis is to study and critically investigate the different ways in which ‘older people’ as a category is understood and represented in relation to ongoing negotiations about the meaning of later life as a stage of life. The increased significance of mediated publics for the formation and maintenance of social and collective identities, as well as their role as spaces for deliberation on the organization of society, is a starting point for the study and has bearing on the choice of data. The study is based on three contrastive sets of empirical material; newspaper articles, texts from a pensioner’s party, and a government report on the future old age policy of Sweden. The studied texts were published during the period 2002 – 2004. The publics have been studied as in a dialogical relation with each other. This strategy highlights the relations between different constructions of the category. The differences between the publics are significant. At the same time the analysis also shows overlaps of arguments and in the way that the category is understood between the publics. The ways that ‘older people’ are constructed in the material is related to different notions about older people and their societal status. But also to ideas about society and the nation as an imagined community. The study shows, among other things, that ‘older people’ is a category that is spoken about, rather than to. ‘Older people’ rarely functions as a subject in the studied material. In relation to this, the category is constructed as an object for the care and responsibility of the national community.

  • Jönköping University,
    ARC18: Assessment of research and coproduction2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    From the Preface:

    In 2018, Jönköping University (JU) decided to initiate an external assessment of research and co-production (Assessment of Research and Coproduction 2018 – ARC18). Co-production is in this context defined as production of research together with stakeholders; a process that generates high quality knowledge, pursues the research frontier and results in innovative and useful activities in, and for, industry and the public sector. For JU, it is the first time an assessment of research and co-production has taken place; the overall aim of ARC18 being to further strengthen Jönköping University’s insights on how to continue to support the positive development of the university. More specifically, ARC18 evaluates the criterion for quality research within JU, and provides a means to strengthen its structure for our scientific activities in offering reliable background material for strategic decisions.

    To ensure different perspectives, disciplines and cross-boundary learning, four research environments at JU were selected: Lifelong Learning, SPARK, IMPROVE and the Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Each research environment worked diligently to scrutinize and address all the questions and areas of evaluation, and the external experts did extensive work in analyzing, interviewing and synthesizing results. The outcomes have been significantly helpful for JU’s continuing work in developing and profiling research at JU. Besides giving examples of strength and high-quality international research, the assessment identified areas with varying potential; highlighting internal functions that could provide additional support and delineating favourable examples of linking research and innovation.

  • Siméus, Jenny
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Black Lives, White Quotation Marks: Textual Constructions of Selfhood in South African Multivoiced Life Writing2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on South African multivoiced and collaborative life writing. The analysed primary texts are The Long Journey of Poppie Nongena (1980) by Elsa Joubert, The Calling of Katie Makanya: A Memoir of South Africa (1995) by Margaret McCord, Finding Mr Madini (1999) by Jonathan Morgan and the Great African Spiderwriters, David’s Story (2000) by Zoë Wicomb, and There Was This Goat: Investigating the Truth Commission Testimony of Notrose Nobomvu Konile (2009), co-written by Antjie Krog, Nosisi Mpolweni and Kopano Ratele. All of these primary texts are either collaborative autobiographies about black lives, multivoiced life writing texts about black lives, or a text that problematises this kind of life writing where predominantly disadvantaged, black life writing subjects either have had their lives narrated or have had their narration steered by well educated, advantaged, Westernised and usually white writers.

    The analyses of the primary texts are carried out by problematising them in the light of the South African historical and cultural context within which they were produced. The focus of the analyses is on the effects on and the consequences for textual constructions of selfhood when the writers tell or include the life writing subjects’ lives in the life writing texts. The involvement of the writers in the life writing projects is argued to greatly have impacted the textually represented selves that were created in the resulting multivoiced life writing texts.

    Drawing on theory rooted in postcolonial studies, life writing in general, and self-narration in particular, this thesis concludes that the examined black South African life narratives to various extents are told on white, Western terms and thus inserted in white quotation marks. White quotation marks are defined in this thesis as a certain Western perception of self-narration and selfhood, consisting of components rooted in language, racial tropes, narrative form, and Western autobiographical traditions. Both writers and life writing subjects have been involved in creating or employing these white quotation marks. In some cases this has been an unintentional result and in other cases it has been a conscious effort.

  • Bäckström, Pontus
    Hur påverkar förändrad elevsammansättning skolors resultat?2015In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 55-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How does changed composition of pupils affect school results?In 2012, The Swedish National Agency for Education published a study inwhich they examined how equivalence between Swedish primary schoolshas developed over time. The agency concluded that the equivalence haddeteriorated, mainly because of an increased between-school variancein results. The increased between-school variance was partly shown byexamining the increased gap between schools in which 20 % or more ofthe pupils didn’t meet the demands for passing on to secondary schooland schools where almost every pupil did. The first group has increasedsince year 2000 and consisted in 2011 of 231 schools. In this study theseschools are examined. The hypothesis that a significant change in pupilcomposition over time can explain deteriorated results is tested. The resultsshow that the schools have undergone a significant change in pupilcomposition. Mainly pupils born in Sweden by Swedish parents have leftthe schools. The majority of the schools are public schools. The changein pupil composition is strongly correlated with deteriorated results.

  • Fransson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Gunnarsson, Liza
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Patienters upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt i vardagen: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic heart failure is a common and severe illness which can have major consequences to a person's health. To be able to give patients a person centered care, ease suffering and facilitate everyday life for patients with chronic heart failure, nurses need knowledge of what it is like to live with heart failure. Nurses need to take regard to the whole person and different aspects of suffering. Aim: To describe patients' experiences of living with chronic heart failure in everyday life. Method: A literature review of scientific papers with a qualitative design. The analysis was based on Friberg’s five step model and was carried out with an inductive approach. Results: Three general themes were identified: Limitations in everyday life, Social impact and Changed emotions. Conclusion: The experience of living with heart failure involves suffering in various dimensions. These understandings are valuable in the design of nursing interventions in heart failure. Nurses should focus on helping patients to handle the experiences caused by heart failure.

  • Kjellerstedt, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Larsson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Tills döden skiljer oss åt: En litteraturöversikt om att vara närstående och vårda en person med cancer i palliativt skede i hemmet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: One of the objectives with palliative care is to improve the quality of life for both the person with cancer diagnosis and their family caregivers. It is a big leap to become a family caregiver. The everyday life and relationships are examples of things that can change for the family caregiver and they are expected to take great responsibility in their caring role.  Aim:  The purpose was to describe family caregivers’ experiences of caring for a person with a cancer diagnosis in a palliative state at home. Method: A literature review with an inductive approach founded on 14 qualitative articles. The search of articles was performed at Medline and CINAHL. Results: The results highlighted three categories with nine subcategories, the categories were; the family caregivers internal experience of the care situation, the family caregivers external experience of the care situation and the family caregiver’s interaction with the environment. Both positive and negative experiences emerged from the family caregivers that cared for a person at home. Support from the healthcare staff and a social network was of great importance in dealing with the feelings. Conclusion: Decisive for the experience of the palliative care at home was support, information and safety – which is enabled by family-focused care.

  • Manzo Menares, Catherin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Abukar, Juweryia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Patienters upplevelser av egenvård vid diabetes mellitus typ 1: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus is a hormonal disorder that causes insulin deficiency characterized by chronic hyperglycemia. Type 1 diabetes mellitus requires a lifelong treatment of insulin, where self-care is a key part of preventing late-onset diabetes mellitus complications. The nurse has an important role to help patients achieve good self-care. Aim: The purpose of the literature review was to describe adult patients' experiences of self-care in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Method: Literature review with a qualitative method that has an inductive design. The results are based on fifteen different scientific articles. Result: Life with diabetes mellitus type 1 was experienced as an ongoing change of strategies and self-negotiation between the advantages and disadvantages in every life-changing event. The experience was also that the healthcare system and family have an impact on the patient’s self-care regime and can either lead to an improved or also impaired self-care. Conclusion: The qualitative articles gave a descriptive result about how people with diabetes mellitus type 1 experience their self-care. The result can give healthcare professionals a better understanding and knowledge of how their support is of great importance in promoting self-care in patients.

  • Turunen, Taina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ulrika, Lagerqvist Eriksson
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenters erfarenheter av kompetens i samband med vård i livets slutskede2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Bakgrund: Alltfler människor är i behov av palliativ vård. Sjuksköterskan har det övergripande ansvaret för omvårdnaden. Att utföra palliativ vård och vård vid livets slut är utmanande och kräver kunskap hos den som vårdar.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenters erfarenheter av kompetens i samband med vård i livets slutskede.

    Metod: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt har genomförts där 13 kvalitativa artiklar ingår.

    Resultat: Analysen av materialet resulterade i två teman. Behov av stöd som handlar om kollegialt stöd och emotionellt stöd samt Behov av kunskap och erfarenhet som handlar om behov av utbildning, kommunikativa erfarenheter samt att känna utveckling i professionen.

    Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenter upplever känslomässiga svårigheter att vårda vid livets slutskede. Det föreligger även brist på utbildning för att erhålla färdigheter och kompetens inom palliativ vård. Ökad utbildning under sjuksköterskeutbildningen och stöd av erfarna handledare och kollegor skulle få dem att känna en ökad trygghet i att vårda vid livets slutskede.

    Nyckelord: Erfarenhet, kunskap, sjuksköterska, sjuksköterskestudent, stöd, vård vid livets slut.

  • Edman, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Faust, Josefin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Basala handhygienrutiner - på en medicinsk akutvårdsavdelning: - En kvantitativ empirisk långtidsuppföljning2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    Backgorund: The preconditions for good and safe care is that the basic hygiene routines are followed within the care. The application of good hand hygiene prevents the spread of infection and health-related infections. Care injuries can increase the length of care and cause suffering for the patient and are therefore a threat to safe care.

    Aim: To investigate the compliance of healthcare professionals to basic hygiene routines, in a medical emergency care department with a focus on hand hygiene.

    Method: A quantitative registry study with long-term follow-up has been performed. The data material was retrieved from the register for Measurement and Analysis (MOA). The observations were collected by hygiene observers at a medical emergency department in southern Sweden in 2013 - 2018. Data was imported into the statistical program SPSS. Descriptive and analytical statistics have been used for analysis.

    Results: In the analysis (n=491) it was found that the adherence to the hand hygiene has shortcomings, the assistant nurses show the highest adherence. Hand rub after patient contact was the element that showed the highest level of compliance. There are shortcomings in hand hygiene overtime as compliance was not hundred percent during all years.

    Conclusion: Adherence to hand hygiene is influenced by many factors. Good and safe care is dependent on the fact that healthcare professionals have knowledge of hand hygiene and the spread of infection. In order for healthcare professionals to improve preventive work towards safer care, the healthcare provider must contribute to new knowledge. Employees are responsible for maintaining and following that knowledge.

  • Roos, Miranda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Andrews, Tilda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Genus i mötet med sjuksköterskan-: spelar patientens genustillhörighet någon roll?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Swedish healthcare, the nurse has a statutory responsibility for an equal care to be provided. It should be of good quality and with respect for the individual patient, regardless of gender. The research available today shows that there could be a difference if you’re a man or a woman when meeting with the nurse.

    Aim: The purpose of the literature review was to shed light on the nurse's experiences of the importance of the patient's gender identity in health care.

    Method: A qualitative literature study with inductive approach and seven qualitative scientific articles were applied in the result.

    Results: The evaluation of the scientific research resulted in three main themes; "Gender differences in diagnostics and treatment”, “Gender differences in behaviour and attitudes" and "Gender differences regarding communication". In the result, several factors emerged that affected the nurse's experience of treatment and diagnostic differences for the patients due to their gender identity. In the nurse's communication with patients, it was also revealed that the nurses have norms and stereotypes which affect the treatment towards the patients as well as their access to care.

    Conclusion: The nurse's knowledge and responsibility for equal care needs to be developed. It was found in the literature study that the patient's gender has significance in the meeting with the nurse and the health care system.

  • Bach, Willy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Vidarsson, Petter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Integrering av en robotgräsklippare i en 3-dimensionell simulering.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med att marknaden för robotgräsklippare ökar så är pressen högre på företag att deras produkt ska vara robust. Detta kan uppnås genom att testerna som görs på robotgräsklipparen testas så fort som möjligt. Genom att skapa en simulering där alla tester genomförs istället för att köra testerna på en fysisk robotgräsklippare kan detta uppnås och utifrån detta utformades forskningsfrågan. För att skapa simuleringen undersöktes först mjukvaror vilket ansågs lämpliga för att utveckla en simulator, detta gjordes via en fallstudie. Dessa har sedan analyserats och jämförts för att till slut bestämma de som ansetts bäst att använda. Med hjälp av de så startade en utveckling av en simulator där hjul- och kollisionsdata hämtades från en fysisk robotgräsklippare och skickades till en virtuell robotgräsklippare. Den färdigställda simulatorn utvärderades vid slutet av arbetet med hjälp av experiment där författarna observerade och jämförde rörelsen hos den fysiska och virtuella robotgräsklipparen. För att utföra denna uppgift så tillämpade arbetet metoden Design science research där det arbetades iterativt vid utvecklingen av simulatorn. Resultatet visar på att det är möjligt att skapa en simulator med de valda mjukvarorna ROS och Gazebo där man kan genomföra simulerade tester. Arbetet visar på ökad kunskap där data från en fysisk robotgräsklippare kan implementeras i 3D-simulatorn Gazebo via ramverket ROS. Studien kan användas som riktlinje i liknande projekt när det kommer till val av mjukvaror och om de är lämpliga. Arbetet begränsas till enbart hjul- och kollisionsdata från den fysiska robotgräsklipparen.