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  • Hjalmar, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Heléne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av läkemedelsförskrivning inom primärvården: En systematisk litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The district nurse holds a central role in Swedish primary health care with his/her speciality being able to prescribe drugs. Both education and experience are required for the task. Clinical judgement develops gradually the more competent and experienced the nurse becomes. Being responsible for prescribing drugs is a complex situation and a step towards becoming an expert. Patricia Benner´s (1984) description of the nurse´s transition from novice to expert was chosen as a theoretical foundation.

    Aim: To describe the experiences of district nurses in prescribing drugs in primary health care.

    Method: Systematic literature study with qualitative inductive design. Data collection has been done through block search containing free text in the databases Cinahl and Medline. Ten articles corresponded to the purpose and were included. Thematic analysis described by Braun and Clarke (2006) with a focus on the semantic content has been used.

    Result: Being able to prescribe drugs contributes to holistic care. Education is crucial in the preparations of becoming an independent prescriber but it takes time to grow into the role. There is a need for training in clinically implementing the prescription drugs. Being able to prescribe drugs is associated with increased workload. Getting support from colleagues leads to integrating prescribing into daily work.

    Conclusion: Growing into the role of an independent prescriber takes time and means that the district nurse must dare to take responsibility. Both theoretical and clinical training are needed as well as support from colleagues and organization. All of these are factors that leads to increased job satisfaction and self-esteem.

  • Börjesson, Gabriel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Bakran, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    ”Jag kommer först, barnen kommer först och bolagen kommer först!”: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys och en kvalitativ textanalys av vad som presenteras som framgång i Framgångspodden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines how success is presented in the podcast Framgångspodden. The purpose is to examine how success is presented in the intros of the guests and which impression women want to mediate of themselves as successful. The study is theoretically based on Pierre Bourdieus idea of capital form, Erving Goffmans theory about self-presentation and postfeminist theory. The analysis is divided into two parts and contain both quantitative content analysis and qualitative textual analysis with thematization.

    In the first analysis we identify which capital forms figure in the intros of the guests by the naming of employment titles, symbolic capital occurred most often. In the second analysis, three themes appear clearly in the way women want to present themselves. The three themes are The will to present everything, The importance of the free will and Relations = a personal profit. The conclusion shows that in the presentation of success there is a taboo to talk directly about money, presentment of unreachable goals and an individualistic mindset concerning relations.  

  • Jonsson, Sanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Joelsson, Elvira
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    En ros är en ros, men inte här. Här måste den betyda någonting.: En multimodal kritisk diskursanalys av patriarkala strukturer i reality-tv och en fiktiv dystopi.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study constitutes a comparative content analysis between a reality-show and a fictional dystopia and aims to examine how power structures manifests rewards and punishments. The analysis is based on two research questions: How are rewards and punishments constructed in Bachelor Sweden 2019?and: How are rewards and punishments constructed in The Handmaid’s Tale?In the analysis, multimodal critical discourse analysis (MCDA) is used both as theory and method, completed with gender theory and feminist theory along with associated sub-concepts.  

    The result of the analysis is presented in three themes: The exercise of powerThe man as the goal andThe stereotypical man and woman.The result isalso discussed in relation to current patriarchal structures in the society. The result confirms previous research that has already established that underlying power structures between the sexes are mediated by both real and fictional characters, regardless of genre.

  • Danielsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hammarberg, Felicia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kunglig spänning och snabbare bonus: En multimodal kritisk diskursanalys om tre spelbolags förhållningssätt till konsumenten i reklamfilmer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years it has been a significant increase of commercial production of gambling advertising. Regardless the new laws that has been a new element in politicians’ ambitions in order to reduce this type of communication in marketing. New studies present numbers that gambling addiction are continuously enhancing, and gambling commercials affect persons extensively. These increasing numbers of commercials are the head category within the gambling industry. In purpose of today’s gambling addiction, gambling commercials and the accurate society debate, it became natural to examine communicative strategies that three of Sweden ́s biggest gambling companies are using in their commercials. The main object of study is Nano Casino, Leo Vegas and Snabbare. The study aims to create an understanding how gambling companies exhibits commercials through strategies that is meant to lead to consumption. The study is based on MCDA that also is implemented as the method and theory. Through the multimodal critical discourse analysis, the focus is primarily on the linguistic and visual choices in order to see hidden messages and strategies in the material. Based on the content in the gambling commercials we have distinguished three discursive themes. These discursive themes originated from specific pieces that was identified in the analyzed material; commercials as something engaging, the viewer as a game consumer and the typical gambler. Furthermore, the analysis result shows hidden messages that is about gambling companies perspective and their vision of their consumers.

  • Wattsson, Mattias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Gustav Vasa - folkhjälte eller tyrann?: Historieskrivning kring Gustav Vasa mellan 1920-20182020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Gustav Vasa – public hero or tyrant?

    Historical writing about Gustav Vasa between 1920-2018.

    The purpose of this essay was to see the development in historical writing about Gustav Vasa between the years of 1920-2018. The essay focuses on the historical writing about Gustav Vasa’s personality, his acquisition of power and the uprisings that took place against him. The thesis had, as a theory, that Gustav Vasa’s role as a national symbol, previously has played a major role in the historical writing about him. According to the theory, in that case, the historical writing about Gustav Vasa would change sometime in the middle of the 20th century, which was also the case. It turned out that from the 1920s to the 1950s, there was a predominantly positive writing about Gustav Vasa. After the 1950s, a change in the historical writing about Gustav vasa took place, and the historical writing became less advantageous. What is included in this essay is how and when that change occurred.

  • Haglund, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Haglund, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Blir tårögd när staten ifrågasätter min rätt att existera": En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av SVT och SR:s webbjournalistik och bevakning av Girjasmålet mellan 2015-20192020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The indigenous people of Sweden, the Sámi, is a people that has been discriminated against ever since the Swedish colonialization of the North in the 14th century. They still experience exclusion and racism to this day and age. A big step towards the decolonization of the North and justice for the Sámi was taken when Girjas sameby sued the Swedish state on the accusation of violating their indigenous rights. This is an issue of high importance to both the Sámi and the Swedish community and should therefore be on the media’s agenda.

     

    The aim of the study is to examine the Swedish public service’s coverage of indigenous issues, and the possible differences in coverage between their national, regional and local editorials as well as between their indigenous and Swedish platforms. Retriever Media Archive was used to collect 527 articles, out of which 406 were valid for this case study. The method used to analyze the data is a quantitative content analysis based on the theoretical framework of agenda-setting theory, media logic, media shadow, news values and editorial choices, post-colonial theory, and critical discourse analysis.

     

    The most prominent conclusion of this case study is that there is a big difference in how often the case of Girjas is being mentioned in public service’s news coverage. It is most often cited by the indigenous editorial, and the least by the national editorials. This is problematic as a probable risk is that the audience, the Swedish majority, is not receiving vital features of the case. This paper also strives to problematize the exclusion of minority issues in the media.

  • Lindahl, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hall Hansson, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Klimatförändirngen i mediernas spotlight- eller?: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av klimatförändringsrapportering i svenska tidningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines media coverage of climate change in Swedish newspapers during 2018 and 2019. Two Swedish newspapers, Dagens Nyheter (DN) and Aftonbladet, are examined and in these newspapers, themes will be identified in their climate change coverage and how the coverage is framed. The aim of this study is that it will work as an indicator in showing the coverage of climate change in DN and Aftonbladet and if it varies between the newspapers and over time. The method that is used is a quantitative content analysis since the study examines how frequently the different themes that exists in newspapers are covered. The material consists of articles from 60 days that has been chosen through a simple random sample.

    The result of the study was that 14 different themes within climate change coverage were identified in 2018 and 2019. In 2018 DN published more articles than Aftonbladet, DN also covered more themes. In 2019 Aftonbladet increased the number of articles they published and also covered more themes; this may indicate increased interest of climate change coverage during 2019. DN’s coverage of climate change was consistent between 2018 and 2019. When it comes to the different frames within climate change coverage the study found that no bigger difference between 2018 and 2019 existed. The result also showed that the newspapers rarely questioned climate change and that the solution to climate change was reported being on national or transnational level. 

  • Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Sköld, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Alla är ute efter mina pengar": En semiotisk innehållsanalys av SVT:s julkalendrar ur ett klassperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie är syftet att granska huruvida Sveriges Television (SVT) uppfyller den del av sitt public service-uppdrag som säger att de inte ska generalisera. Detta genom en kvalitativ analys av hur samhällsklasser representeras i SVT:s julkalendrar. Julkalendern visas varje år och har en bred målgrupp men är framför allt anpassad till barn, vilka påverkas mycket av det de ser på tv. Därför är det viktigt att undersöka om SVT generaliserar, eftersom det finns en risk att barn får en skev bild av verkligheten och sig själva. Vi använder oss av klassteori med marxistisk bakgrund för att teoretiskt definiera samhällsklasser. För att analysera resultatet används en semiotisk metod där vi letar efter denotationer och konnotationer som kan säga något om karaktärernas klasstillhörighet samt personlighet. Resultaten diskuteras sedan i jämförelse med tidigare forskning om hur SVT har uppfyllt sitt sändningstillstånd tidigare, vilka klasstereotyper forskning har identifierat, hur barn påverkas av tv och vilka teman som har framställts i julkalendrar.

    Vår studie kommer fram till att arbetarklassen och underklassen till viss del representeras stereotypt, men inte enhetligt. Detta gör att SVT här uppfyller sändningstillståndets krav på att inte generalisera. Överklassen och medelklassen däremot representeras både stereotypt men också tämligen enhetligt, vilket blir en form av generalisering. Således kan dessa representationer sägas strida mot sändningstillståndet.

  • Infante Riol, Jazmin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Different approaches to parental involvement in Swedish, Norwegian and Finnish preschools: A systematic literature review2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The value and importance of parents being involved in the education of their children is an essential component in the educational model of the Swedish, Norwegian and Finnish preschools, and is reflected in several official policy documents. This thesis is a systematic literature review on the topic of parental involvement and different typologies of parental involvement have been identified. Several authors have described four dimensions in which parental involvement can occur: parental involvement at home, parental involvement at school, parental involvement during home-school communication and parental involvement through community involvement. The aim of this study is to identify the different approaches and cooperation strategies that Swedish, Norwegian and Finnish preschools use to involve parents in the Early Childhood Education and Care of their children and, furthermore, to see if there is any relationship between the practices identified in the studies analyzed in the “results” section of the thesis and the typologies of parental involvement that appear in the “background literature” section of the thesis. The research questions of the present investigation are: 1) What are the different approaches used by Swedish, Norwegian and Finnish preschools in order to involve parents in the preschool education and care of their children?; and 2) What is the relationship between the practices of the studies analyzed and the typologies of parental involvement that appear in the background literature? The results show that parental involvement at home is the most common form of parental involvement in the studies reviewed, while the least common is community involvement. However, the sample of my research is not large enough to obtain conclusive results.

  • Andrésen, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Strand, Kristoffer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Beställarens inställning till den utsläppsminskning av växthusgaser som förväntas ske i bygg- och anläggningssektorn till år 20302019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose: Climate changes has got a lot more attention together with drastic actions required to reduce human impact on the climate. Many companies in the building and construction industry have signed up to work with emission reductions of greenhouse gases and reach a goal of 50 % reduction by 2030. But how this should be done and which actions that is needed to make this goal happen is not as clear.

    The goal of this report is to develop proposals on actions to help clients and construction companies in their environmental work.

    Method: The report has been carried out as a qualitative study where five interviews has been conducted, four of them with clients and one with a construction company. In addition, both a literature study and a document analysis has been applied to validate the result and conclusion.

    Findings: The report concludes that the client has an important role to play in pushing the environmental work forward, something they themselves experience. It also concludes that it requires more collaboration between the companies in the industry to achieve the goal by 2030. Therefore, procurement forms that make it possible need to be used. It requires new thinking from the purchasers in procurements where, for example soft parameters such as experience should be given greater value and different types of procurement are needed. But also, ecological and social aspects need to be highlighted more to achieve sustainable construction. 

    The report concludes that it is still the price that decides when projects are procured. It also states that neither the theory or the respondents think there is a long-term perspective in the construction and civil engineering sector. And that it is related to why the lowest price is chosen during procurement.

    Implications: For the environmental work to continue and increase is standardized tools to measure the climate footprint in production needed, to make precise analyses. At the same time is cooperation with the legal side needed to succeed in setting legally correct environmental requirements. In addition, the focus from economic aspects also needs to be shifted to a long-term perspective and the best for the project, through soft parameters and social and ecological aspects.

    Limitations: Only the goal to 2030 will be addressed, and only clients and construction companies within the building and construction industry will be investigated.  

    Keywords: Emission reduction, Climate impact, Client, Procurement, Long-term, Innovation, Sustainability. 

  • Johansson, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Niskanen, Fanny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Behovsanpassning av lägenheter om högst 35 m²2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Every year over a million people moves within Sweden, studies show that the main reason is that the residence no longer can satisfy the needs of the household. A challenge when designing a multi-family building is to accommodate for a wide variety of needs that are constantly changing over time, which is a current issue when dealing with sustainable buildings. The aim of the report is to investigate how apartments no larger than 35 m² can be adapted according to the needs of a household.  Method: The methods chosen are of qualitative form and contains a literature study, unstructured interviews and a design process.   Findings: An accommodation that are adapted according to needs imply that the use, accessibility, flexibility and efficiency of all functions must be considered for the accommodation to be adaptable according to the current needs of a household. This is important to keep in mind when planning smaller residencies, as all functions and all the needs must be accommodated for in a very limited space. The implementation of a flexible floor plan can contribute and make it easier to adapt a dwelling according to the needs of different households.   Implications: The conclusion of this work is that a dwelling can be adapted according to needs with the help of a flexible floor plan. This is possible by using different approaches and guidelines that the authors themselves followed and developed. Examples of these approaches are to identify the types of households that may be living in the residence, identify the needs of those households (regarding workspaces, sleeping places, social areas etc.) and to identify which activities that might be carried out simultaneously in the residence. Something that should also be kept in mind is to design the apartments so that the residents can easily choose for themselves where the functions are to be placed, for example giving them the freedom to plan where to put inner walls that easily can be taken down or built up.  Limitations: The floor plans that the authors have produced are adapted to the conditions and project that were given by the collaboration company, however the ways of thinking and the principles used are generalisable and can be applied when designing other projects. A limitation made in the report is that no economic factors have been considered. If there were a budget to reference the floor plans that were produced might have been more realistic in regards of production.   Keywords: Adaptability, flexibility, small households, needs, lifestyle, multi-family building   

  • Maier, Benedikt Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "No Planet B": An analysis of the collective action framing of the social movement Fridays for Future2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Calais, Linus
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    The Ingredients of Culture: A Study on Cultural Identity and Cultural Belinging in Relation to Food in Hiromi Goto's Chorus of Mushrooms2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Food is something every human consumes in order to survive. However, cuisine and culinary practices hold more power than the basic biological need. Food can be used as a tool to express cultural identity and cultural belonging. Culinary practices and traditions make crossing cultural borders entirely possible on an everyday basis. A fictional novel which explores the symbolic meaning of food in connection to cultural identity and cultural belonging is Hiromi Goto’s Chorus of Mushrooms (1994). In order to analyse the way that Goto portrays the characters Naoe, Keiko, and Muriel in relation to food and how they use food as a tool to construct their cultural identities, and define their cultural belonging, a close-reading analysis of the three female characters was conducted. The results of the study show the difficulties of completely excluding oneself from certain cultures which the individual comes in contact with on a regular basis. Naoe, trying to maintain a Japanese lifestyle in Canada, is determined to only consume Japanese food with the intention on sustaining her cultural identity and cultural belonging. Keiko, Naoe’s daughter, completely casts her Japanese heritage away and tries to adapt to the new influences of culture in Canada, only cooking Canadian food. Caught between Naoe’s and Keiko’s radical principles, Muriel, the granddaughter of Naoe and daughter of Keiko, is left to search for her own cultural identity and cultural belonging. Using food, Muriel combines both Japanese and Canadian culinary traditions in order to embrace her cultural in-betweenness and replace the uncertainty she feels by embracing a cultural hybridity.

  • Bauer, Christine
    et al.
    Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Institute of Computational Perception & LIT AI Lab, Linz, Austria.
    Ferwerda, Bruce
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Conformity Behavior in Group Playlist Creation2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A strong research record on conformity has evidenced that individuals tend to conform with a group’s majority opinion. In contrast to existing literature that investigates conformity to a majority group opinion against an objectively correct answer, the originality of our study lies in that we investigate conformity in a subjective context. The emphasis of our analysis lies on the concept of “switching direction” in favor or against an item. We present first results from an online experiment where groups of five had to create a music playlist. A song was added to the playlist with an unanimous positive decision only. After seeing the other group members’ ratings, participants had the opportunity to revise their own response. Our results suggest different conformity behaviors for originally favored compared to disliked songs. For favored songs, one negative judgement by another group member was sufficient to induce participants to downvote the song. For originally disliked songs, in contrast, a majority of positive judgements was needed to induce participants to switch their vote.

  • Tosic, Elda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Jokes are funny; murder is dramatic: A comparative study of the effects of breaking maxims in Fresh Prince of Bel Air and How to get away with murder2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are rules that regulate how conversation should be conducted, these are called conversational maxims. This paper aims to identify instances of breakings of the conversational maxims in the Tv-series Fresh Prince of Bel Air and How to get away with murder; one of which is a comedy series and the other a drama series. Speech in a Tv-series is supposed to reflect natural conversation, still the dialogue is written for a specific purpose. The study, therefore, also aims at studying how scriptwriters use non-observance of the maxims for different purposes and to evoke different effects. By using Grice’s cooperative principle, four episodes of Fresh Prince of Bel Air and two episodes of How to get away with murder, were studied. The results show that the maxim of manner is the most frequently broken maxim in both Tv-series. Results also show that the effect of non-observance in the two Tv-series differed. In Fresh Prince of Bel air, breaking maxims most often had a humorous effect. In How to get away with murder the effect of breaking the maxims was mostly a dramatic one.

  • Strömvall Pettersson, Sofia
    et al.
    Hörberg, Annie
    Distriktsköterskors erfarenheter av att möta förldrar som är tveksamma till att vaccinera sina barn.: - En intervjustudie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Maria, Johansson
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Marie, Ericsson
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Säljarna, köparna och efterfrågan: En diskursanalys av den mediala framställningen av Sveriges sexköpslag, 20 år efter införandet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study is to analyze how the law that prohibits the purchase of sexual services is portrayed discursive in Swedish morning and evening tabloids. Through an analysis of 42 articles from several papers during 2019, that concern the law that prohibits the purchase of sexual services, following questions will be discussed: How is the law that prohibits the purchase of sexual services portrayed?, How are the people that sell sexual services portrayed?, How are the people that buy sexual services portrayed? and How is the relation between supply and demand concerning prostitution portrayed?.A Foucauldian discourse analysis has been used to answer the questions. Discourses have been distinguished by analyzing the implicit, rules of exclusion and subject positioning in the articles. The four predominant discourses that have been found are: The law as an incomplete tool, The seller as a female victim, The buyer as a male perpetrator, andThe supply presupposes the demand. This study takes its starting point in a social constructivist perspective, and treats two feministic perspectives on prostitution, liberal feminism and radical feminism. The discourses shows on a consistently radical feminist view on prostitution throughout the articles that concern the law that prohibits the purchase of sexual services. 

  • Jacobsen, Gunnel
    et al.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Sjukkassan blev Försäkringskassan: Sjukbesökare eller angivarsystem?2020In: Gammalt & nytt: medlemsblad för Huddinge hembygdsförening, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 2-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Magnusson, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ottosson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Elevhälsans medicinska insats: Grundskole-och gymnasieelevers självskattade nöjdhet med de tjänster som verksamheten erbjuder i en kommun i södra Sverige.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The School Health Service (EMI) within Swedish schools helps students achieve educational goals through health promotion work and illhealth prevention. Systematic quality work generates quality of care. No present research shows how students perceives EMI. Purpose: To describe students’ assessment of satisfaction with the activities offered by EMI operations in primary and secondary schools. Method: A cross-sectional study with quantitative design. 141 students in grade 4 (younger age group) and grade 7 in primary school and grade 1 in secondary school (older age group) in three municipal schools in one municipal in southern Sweden estimated their satisfaction with EMI. Data was analyzed in the statistical program SPSS. Chi two-tests were used for group comparisons. Results: Overall impression of EMI was good. Availability, respect/treatment, information/knowledge, inclusion/involvement, emotional support, continuity/coordination was stated good. The younger age group could more often identify the school nurse (p <0.001), felt that they could visit EMI when needed (p<0,05), and felt safe with EMI (p <0.05) compared to the older age group. Conclusions: Students' were satisfied with EMI operations. Differences in how the age groups perceived Accessibility and Emotional Support emerged. No gender differences were detected. Research is needed to evaluate and improve EMI nationally.

  • Vince, Britt-Louice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Olofsson, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Erfarenheter av basala hygienrutiner i primärvården: - en empirisk studie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Basal hygiene and care (SOSFS 2015:10) give recommendations on how hygiene routines practices should be followed in health care. Deficiency to routines may spread healthcare infections with antibiotic resistance as a result. Preventive work is ongoing, both on national and international level by WHO (2009), Folkhälsomyndigheten and SKR (2014), with focus on improved hand hygiene and reduced spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria worldwide.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe nurses and district nurses' experiences of the compliance to hygiene routines in primary care.

     

    Method: Data collection based on a qualitative method with asynchronous questionnaire via e-mail with 17 participants were analyzed with a manifest content analysis.

     

    Results: The study demonstrate an experience of incomplete compliance to hygiene routines in primary care, with the perception that it is a less prioritized issue compared to hospital care. Experience of varying attitudes to compliance were demonstrated, both at individual and organizational levels. As no consensus about a finaly goal were reached the improvement work failed.

     

    Conclusion: Despite knowledge and conditions for maintaining good hygiene routines, the nurses considered that compliance in primary care were unsuccessful. Hygiene routines are a topical subject where elaborated international and national working models with the goal of improving hygiene routines were not perceived as implemented

  • Isaksson, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lindeborg, My
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Pappors behov av stöd i sin föräldraroll: Barnhälsovårdssjuksköterskors erfarenheter2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today, the father is seen as an active and committed parent and there has been a change from the fact that the father was previously seen as the one who would work and provide for the family. The nurse at BHV is in a key position when it comes to support the father.

    Aim: To explore child healthcare nurse experiences of new fathers needs of support in his parenting role.

    Method: A qualitative interview study with inductive approach was used. Data was collected through semi-structed interviews, a qualitative content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman was used in the analysis.

    Result: Two themes emerged in the analysis: A relationship is established and To make the daily life functioning. The study shows that the experience of the BHV nurses are that the father has a need for individual and practice support. The father needs support in finding his own routines with his child. The parents need to be offered equal support.

    Conclusion: The study shows that the BHV nurses experienced difficulties in supporting their father as he rarely participates in first visits to BHV. The conclusion is that it would be desirable for the individual dad call to be fully implemented in order for the BHV nurses to be able to catch up with the new father and more easily pay attention to his possible need of for support.

  • Ringvall, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsterapeuters uppfattningar av samverkan med avdelningspersonal inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård: En fenomenografisk studie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To be able to offer rehabilitation to inpatients in psychiatric wards some clinics access services from occupational therapists employed in psychiatric outpatient care. The occupational therapist spends relatively little time in the ward. Offering rehabilitation in this form can depend on a well-functioning collaboration with the other staff in the ward. This form of collaboration can be a challenge. Objective: The aim of the study was to describe occupational therapists' perceptions of collaboration with staff in psychiatric wards. Material and Methods: In this phenomenographical study, data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews (n=9) with occupational therapists collaborating with staff in psychiatric wards. Results: The analysis resulted in two main categories, “Meaning of collaboration” and “How collaboration works” with associated description- and subcategories. What is reflected in the outcome space linked to "The meaning of collaboration" are perceptions of what is meant by collaboration. Perceptions found in “How collaboration works” deal with perceptions that are important for the outcome of collaboration. Conclusion: Collaboration between the occupational therapist and staff in the psyciatric wards can enable patients to receive rehabilitation. The perceptions that emerged in this thesis can help guide occupational therapists, staff in the wards and their managers to better understand the challenges of this collaboration and create the conditions to make it work.

  • Rosengren, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Wallskog, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Nyttan, nöjet och den europeiska volontären: En multimodal kritisk diskursanalys om hur resebolaget Kilroy väljer att kommunicera kring sina volontärresor utifrån ett eurocentriskt perspektiv.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie fokuserar på resebolaget Kilroys marknadskommunikation om volontärresor i Sydafrika. Studien bygger på en analys av bolagets marknadsföring av två destinationer och innehåller såväl skriftligt som visuellt material. Syftet är att öka förståelsen om hur ett vinstdrivande resebolag väljer att kommunicera om volontärresor, sett utifrån ett eurocentriskt perspektiv. Grundat i volontärarbetets utveckling centreras studien kring Kilroys framställning av volonturism, vilket förenar volontärarbete med turism på ett vis som tidigare ej gjorts. Baserat på historia, globala relationer samt tidigare forskning utgör postkolonialism samt globalisering och eurocentrism studiens teoretiska ramverk. Metoden som används är multimodal kritisk diskursanalys (MCDA), och analysen genomförs med stöd av begrepp hämtade från metoden. MCDA möjliggör en djupgående analys av både materialets språkliga samt visuella delar vilket kan blottlägga bakomliggande diskurser och strukturer.       

     

    Studiens resultat visar att volonturism konstrueras som ett möjliggörande av en kombinerad traditionell turistupplevelse och en känsla av meningsfullhet samt lärande. Genomgående beskrivs volontärresorna som ett instrument för självförverkligande. Vidare indikerar resultatet att marknadskommunikationen även innehåller eurocentriska ideologier i form av en kommunicerad europeisk överlägsenhet. 

  • Gustafsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ingvarsson, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Det börjar lukta surt...: En semiotisk studie om Oatlys kommunikationsstrategier i reklamkampanjen Spola mjölken2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate how the company Oatly uses rhetorical means and other marketing strategies in the advertising campaign Spola mjölkenTheory: The study is conducted from a rhetorical and semiotic perspective, and also supported by theories of legitimacy, positioning and polarization. Method: The study is conducted through a semiotic analysis supported by critical theory. A qualitative approach was chosen as it facilitates the study of society and its phenomena, which enables the purpose of this study. Material: The material of the analysis is a commercial film from a company named Oatly. The commercial and the campaign it is a part of, are both named Spola mjölkenOutcome: The message portrayed in the commercial is that the recipient should exchange milk for oat based milk. To drink milk is equated with a health and environmentally harmful behavior. Oatly therefore positions itself as a more sustainable alternative than milk. The marketing strategy can be perceived as aggressive because the company chooses to address the shortcomings with milk production instead of emphasizing on the good qualities of its own business and product.

  • Kabboush, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Gerges Oraham, Woroud
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Ensamhet bland ungdomar: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas syn på ensamhet bland ungdomar och deras förebyggande arbete2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the definition of loneliness among teenagers based on the opinions and experiences of professionals working with them. Additionally, to investigate what factors contribute to teenagers' loneliness from the perspective of professionals along with the work methods and strategies used to prevent loneliness among teenagers in Jönköping County. This study used a qualitative research method by carrying out eight qualitative, semi-structured interviews with five youth recreation leaders and three youth-therapists. Thematic analysis has been used to analyze the empirical material, which generated two main categories. The first part of the analysis covered underlying factors that contribute to loneliness between teenagers based on the experiences of professionals. While the second part focused on the work methods of the organizations in the preventive work to reduce loneliness among teenagers. Furthermore, the results were analyzed using previous research, theoretical concepts of loneliness and Bourdieu´s theories of capital. It also used concepts in new institutionalism to further understand how organizations collaborate to prevent loneliness among teenagers in Jönköping County. The study found that teenagers' social network, social media as a social network and teenagers' socio-economic background, can be contributing factors to loneliness of teenagers. The results also demonstrated that integrated thinking and collaboration are some of the work methods and strategies used to prevent loneliness among teenagers in Jönköping County.

  • Ablahad, Haitham
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Skolkuratorers arbete med hemmasittande elever2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fenomenet hemmasittare ökar i omfattning och utgör en aktuell problematik för forskning och de som arbetar inom skolans värld.  Skolkuratorer är en yrkesgrupp som arbetar aktivt med elever som är hemmasittare. Syftet med denna studie är att öka förståelsen för skolkuratorers arbete med hemmasittande högstadieelever. För att undersöka detta har författaren genomfört semi-strukturerade intervjuer med fyra skolkuratorer i en medelstor stad i Sverige. Studiens resultat baseras på en tematisk analys och behandlades följande två teman och tillhörande underteman: Elev-fokuserat arbetssätt och Varierande arbetsroller. Resultatet av den tematiska analysen visar att de intervjuande skolkuratorerna arbetar i nära kontakt med hemmasittande elever samtidigt som de förhåller sig till de krav och normer som skolan har och för att förstå detta analyseras resultatet med hjälp av Lipskys teori om gräsrotsbyråkrati.

  • Olsson, Beatrice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Persson, Emelie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Personcentrerat stöd: En förutsättning för god egenvård vid Diabetes mellitus typ 22020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Diabetes mellitus typ 2 (DMT2) utgör en av världens största diagnosgrupper. För att sjukdomsprognosen ska vara god krävs upprätthållandet av ett stabilt blodsocker vilket skapas genom aktiv egenvård.

    Syfte: Att beskriva hur patienter med DMT2 upplever att det vårdande mötet med sjuksköterskan påverkar egenvården.

    Metod: I enlighet med Fribergs fem steg för analysarbete genomfördes en kvalitativ litteraturöversikt baserat på 12 vetenskapliga studier. En induktiv ansats användes.

    Resultat: Det första av två teman som identifierades var: Ett personcentrerat möte med subteman: att bli mött där jag är, att vara delaktig i vården och att bli mött utifrån kulturella värderingar. Det andra temat var Ett behov av stöd med subteman: att bli väl bemött, att få tillräckligt med stöd och att bemötas med kunskap. Resultatet visade att patienterna ville ha vetenskaplig och anpassad information som var lätt att förstå. De såg lättillgängligt stöd som en förutsättning för att kunna bedriva god egenvård.

    Slutsatser: För att god egenvård ska kunna bedrivas krävs att sjukvården kan ge stöd och information på ett personcentrerat sätt.

  • Hjertberg, Maja
    et al.
    Karlsson, Josefine
    Det är något de behöver lära sig när de är små: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares syn på att arbeta med miljöfrågor2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Klacar, Dzana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Noore, Rahman
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Safic, Salma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Anhörigas upplevelser när en närstående med avancerad cancer får palliativ vård i livets slutskede.2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Avancerad cancer innefattar obotlig cancerdiagnos som kommer att behandlas palliativt. Lungcancer uppstår i bronkialslemhinnan och sprider sig till närliggande lymfkörtlar. Vid cancer i prostatan är det inte alla som får symtom, men en del kan få problem med urinering. Bröstcancer är idag den vanligaste cancerformen för kvinnor. Ett av flera mål i den palliativa vården är att kunna ge resurser som behövs för att stödja anhöriga. Anhöriga genomgår stora förändringar i livet när en närstående blir sjuk.

    Syftet: Beskriva anhörigas upplevelse av att vårda en närstående med avancerad cancer inom palliativ vård i livets slutskede.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats genomfördes utifrån 15 kvalitativa artiklar. 

    Resultat: Artiklarna sammanfattades och två huvudkategorier skapades: Att vara involverad och Att hantera livsförändringar. När anhöriga får relevant information från sjuksköterskan samt är inkluderade i sin närståendes palliativa vård, känner de sig involverade. Anhörigas egna hälsa samt relationen med närstående och relationen med sjuksköterskan påverkas vid brist på god kommunikation, de behöver hitta strategier för att kunna hantera situationen.  

    Slutsats: Anhöriga känner sig isolerade och åsidosatta i vissa möten med vården, därav är det viktigt att sjuksköterskan bemöter, lyssnar och informerar de anhöriga. För att känslan av sammanhang ska uppnås är det viktigt att de anhöriga känner sig delaktiga i vården.

    Nyckelord: cancer, delaktighet, familj, information, kvalitativ.  

  • Ottosson, Maja
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Nordås, Amalia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    The British media portrayal of an “American Royal”: A critical discourse analysis of the articles published by the British press covering the Duchess of Sussex during the Royal Africa tour 20192019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about how Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, was portrayed in the media coverage by BBC News and the Sun during the Royal tour of Africa in September 2019.

    By conducting a case study, using a Critical Discourse Analysis, four articles from the public service news site BBC News and 14 articles from the daily tabloid the Sun are analysed. These articles are then examined according to Fairclough’s three-dimensional model, firstly on a textual level, secondly a layer of discursive practice, and finally the third dimension, social practise. With the help of previous research on the British Royal Family, British identity, tabloids and public service, the results of the study are then put into context and explained. 

    The study finds that because of the two news outlets background, they portray Meghan very differently, the Sun uses strategies such as personalisation and focuses more on the Duchess as an individual. The image of Meghan as a mother and wife is portrayed. BBC News, on the other hand, is committed to the principles of public broadcasting and seems to portray Meghan more as a part of an institution, the monarchy. Another result shown is that the Sun focuses a lot on Meghan’s appearance and fashion, which may lead to the belief that women need to look a certain way for men is being reproduced and reaffirmed by the discourses used. Furthermore, it is stated that this research agrees with earlier studies made on British identity in media, it is impossible to definitely tell what it means to be British and how this is reflected in media, the modern Britain is made up by multi-ness.

  • Eriksson, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Axelsson, Lucas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ett lag att vara stolt över och några fotbollsspelare: En kritisk diskursanalys av Simon Banks krönikor under herr-och damfotbolls-VM under 2018 och 20192020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based upon four columns written by Simon Bank from the Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet. The columns are about four games from both the men's football world cup that took part in 2018 and the women's football world cup that took part in 2019. There are two columns for each team. The FIFA World Cup is the sporting event that attracted most viewers around the world and the FIFA Women’s World Cup broke its record in 2019 in terms of viewers. The study will be done with critical discourse analysis (CDA) with Anabela Carvalho's (2008, p. 167-171) step by step-model as a tool. Our result will then be discussed with theories of gender studies and hegemony taken into account. Previous studies in these areas have shown that it is more common for women to have texts written about them were their looks and personal life is the main focus instead of their athletic performances and achievements. Studies in hegemony have shown that there is a male hegemony in texts about sports. Both in the amount being reported but also how both genders are represented when either losing of winning a game. Our result shows that there are no significant differences between how the writer is reporting about either of the teams. They are both being viewed based on their performances as athletes and not about their attributes related to their gender. In our analysis we found that there were some linguistic choices that showed a presence of male hegemony in the columns about the male and female games. Something that is shown in previous studies about the presence of male hegemony in sports.

  • Stenlund, Gabriella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Neuman, Oskar
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Creating a model for providing personal travel recommendations: Predicting the destination from the commuter search history2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Following the recent surge of implementations of various recommender systems, this study applied the technique of collaborative filtering to the area of commuting in the system of public transportation. This study processed and analyzed commuter search patterns collected from the travel planning mobile application MobiTime. The purpose of this study was to see how collaborative filtering can be applied on search history to predict the commuter non-routine destination. By creating and providing a model with varying sizes of routine routes (history from the commuters), the accuracy of the model was measured based on that history. The study found that the accuracy is varying with the history provided by the commuter and that the method described in the study outperformed the baseline. The result of this study could make the commuting experience more efficient.

  • Johansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Johansson, Ted
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Det stavas inte konsumentskydd, utan pengar": En kritisk retorikanalys av hur CSR kommuniceras i Svenska Spels marknadskommunikation2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In society today, it has become more common that companies are expected to strive against following a Corporate Social ResponsibilityThe concept of CSR involves the responsibility every company have towards the society and has it roots in economic, social and environmental standpoints. A Swedish company that has faced a lot of criticism for how they handle their CSR is Svenska Spel, a governmentally owned gambling company. The criticism is based on the government financing a company that can have negative consequences for the public health. 

    The Swedish gambling market is rather unique in terms of the different competing actors in it. For a long time Svenska Spel had a monopoly on the market, but in modern days they have been facing competition from foreign gambling companies. Since Svenska Spel wants to build a reputation of themselves caring about the Swedish citizens, the competition has led to Svenska Spel facing a dilemma in their marketing. The dilemma is regarding them having to sell their products to compete with foreign companies, while still maintaining an ethical approach towards the public. Therefore this study seeks to examine, through a case study on three of Svenska Spel’s TV commercials, whether they adapt their marketing communication to their CSR. The goal of this case study is to contribute to other research regarding businesses with controversial products, with the purpose of seeing how a company’s marketing communication can differ from their CSR. To examine this, a critical rhetorical analysis method was used, as well as different marketing theories to answer our research questions. 

    Our findings show that some companies produce material for their market communication that goes against their CSR foundations. The results of this case study point towards signs that companies value profits over social sustainability, but try to hide it behind donations and research, which may lead to their long term gains. In the case of Svenska Spel, a step away from their CSR could have serious impact on public health.

  • Sjöberg, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Widlund, Pernilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Det är tungt att bli lätt.: Vad motiverar personer med övervikt och fetma till viktnedgång.-En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since 1975 obesity has increased three-fold all over the world, while being overweight or obese doesn´t just effect the person but also society as a whole. Overweight and obesity is often caused by unhealthy behaviour, a BMI over 25 increases the risk of diseases. Motivation consists of three parts: internal, external and lack of motivation.Purpose: To describe people´s experiences of what can motivate to weight loss if having overweight and obesity.Method: A literature review with a qualitative design, analysed by Friberg´s five-step model.Result: The result showed that support from healthcare and near family was important in motivating weight loss. Achieving better health through knowledge and improving self-esteem were all motivators for weight loss.Conclusion: To find out what motivates people to lose weight, nurses need to work by promoting health through individually adapted processes. Health care initially need to promote a person to keep a healthy lifestyle until their own drive takes over.

  • Chaaya, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Prodromou Mina, Artemis
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Vardagen när hjärtat sviktar.: Kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johannesson, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Eklöf, Lisa
    Jönköping University.
    Strandberg, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress från ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stress is something that occurs when there is an imbalance between demands and an individual's ability to handle those demands. Stress is a personal experience and is handled differently for all individuals. Stress can lead to reduced memory storage and decreased performance, which for nurses can affect the performance of safe care.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe nurses' experiences of work-related stressMethod:A qualitative literature review with an inductive approach. After quality review, 15 articles were selected, of which 13 were qualitative studies and two were mixed methods studies.

    Results: The result consisted of two main themes “Stress as a result of organizational aspects” and “Stress related to the role of profession”. High workload, work environment, multiple tasks and expectations contributed to the nurse's feelings as stressful at work.

    Conclusion: It is difficult for nurses to practice safe care when the stress in the workplace becomes too high, which negatively affects nurses' nursing work and patient safety. This literature review can provide an opportunity for nurses to gain greater understanding of what triggers nurses' stress in the workplace and how it threatens their performance of good and safe nursing care for patients.

  • Fahlström, Agnes
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    By the way, how is your sex life?: Sjuksköterskors arbete rörande sexuell hälsa – en kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexual health exists and is essential throughout the life cycle. People's sexual health can be affected by illness, medication or bodily function. Nurses play an important role in promoting what patients experience as sexual health. Purpose: To describe nurses' experiences of working with patients' sexual health. Method: A qualitative literature review with an inductive approach has been carried out based on ten scientific articles. Results: Two main themes and six sub-themes have been identified based on the results. The first main theme presents how the environment in the workplace can affect nurses' work, such as access to privacy of conversations. Nurses state that they do not prioritize patients' sexual health due to, among other things, the lack of time. Also, how nurses' knowledge and skills affect their work. The second theme present how nurses personal opinions influence the conversation with patients. The results show that nurses have preconceived opinions and attitudes towards whom the sexuality belongs to. Conclusion: Knowledge and education are of great importance for nurses to feel comfortable working with patients' sexual health. Despite low priority, nurses still believe that patients' sexual health is important. The health promotion work is being threatened by the nurses' preconceived opinions and attitudes towards sexual health.

  • Higgins, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    En svensk solkonung med fläckar: En undersökning om bilden av Gustav III och hans tid i verk om svensk historia från 1860–20112019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Osmani, Donjeta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Afrikas eller Europas historia?: En kvalitativ läromedelsanalys av svenska läromedels syn på Afrikas historia under perioden 1960–20162020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has gone from being a homogenous country to becoming a multicultural country during these past sixty years. Due to this reason history teaching and its’ teaching materials have been forced to adapt to the situation, however, some might have failed with doing so. The essay has its’ focus on the figuration and inclusion of African history in Swedish teaching material used in history classes during the period 1960 to 2016. Aside from this, the essay also handles the presentation and description of African history alone in textbooks. The aim of the essay thus becomes to examine whether teaching material used in history classes in upper secondary schools have changed due to the transformation Sweden has undergone by becoming a multicultural society. Postcolonial and orientalism criticism have been applied. Theoretical terms, such as eurocentrism and othering, have been used in order to analyze how the authors have described Africa and its’ history in teaching materials and how individuals in the African history appear in the textbooks. The results have shown that eurocentrism and othering appear throughout the textbooks, however, these seem to emerge in distinctive ways and are beginning to dissolve further into our period.

  • Svensson, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Tortyr, terror och gränslös grymhet": En mikrohistorisk ögonvittnesskildring av konflikten i Kambodja mellan 1975-19782020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Saloth Sar, also known by the notorious name Pol Pot marched as a winner with his communist party on April the 17th(1975), into the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh. This was the beginning of what would become one of the most horrible and brutal genocides in history. The courageous individuals who managed to escape the regime, bravely shared their life experiences and helped enlightening the world concerning the conflict and power relations in Cambodia.

    The main purpose of this study was to elucidate how eyewitnesses, between 1975-1978, portrayed and experienced the conflict in Cambodia. The regime’s disciplinary methods and punishments is in focus. In addition, the secondary purpose was to figure out how the French philosopher Michel Foucault’s power theories of disciplinary and punitive methods were expressed during the conflict. In order to fulfil the purpose, a qualitative, micro historic study has been conducted to review documents containing statements and interviews, compiled by the United Nations in 1978.

    What emerged along the course of the study was that the methods, most often used as punishment, were mainly executions and corporal punishments, such as torture. The eyewitnesses illustrated that the Cambodian population was subjected to the abuses mentioned above, due to either violation of fictional laws, for instance, showing love to another person or arriving late to work. The study also illustrates how spies of the regime were hiding everywhere in the Cambodian society and were mainly used for a disciplining purpose, as they made the Cambodian inhabitants submissive. 

    In conclusion, the Khmer Rouge exercise of power illustrates how the purpose of disciplining techniques and corporal punishments was to generate power, establish control of individuals and maintain discipline. As a result, the Khmer Rouge regime achieved an appended population and reduced deviations from the order. That is why, Khmer Rouge exercise of power can be related to Foucault’s theories concerning punishment, discipline and supervision. 

  • Moberg, Tina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Robsahm, Klara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskans möte med våldsutsatta kvinnor: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Våld mot kvinnor är idag ett allvarligt samhällsproblem som kan orsaka ohälsa och lidande hos kvinnor. Våldsutsatta kvinnor uppsöker vården mer frekvent än andra kvinnor som inte varit utsatta för våld. Därav är chansen relativt hög att sjuksköterskor kommer att möta våldsutsatta kvinnor i vården. Sjuksköterskor bör möta kvinnorna med respekt och öppenhet för att kunna ge en god omvårdnad. Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen var att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser i mötet med kvinnor som blivit utsatta för våld i nära relationer. Metod: En litteraturöversikt baserad på kvalitativ ansats. Analysen har genomförts efter Fribergs femstegsmodell. Resultat: Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor upplevde brist på utbildning och kunskap om våld i nära relation. Sjuksköterskor upplevde att det var svårt att fråga kvinnor om de blivit utsatta för våld. Det kunde bero på tidsbrist och bristande arbetsmiljö. Det förekom även fördomar och föreställningar om våldsutsatta kvinnor från sjuksköterskor som resulterade i att frågor om våld undveks. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor upplever behov av utbildning, riktlinjer och handledning inför mötet med kvinnor som blivit utsatta för våld i nära relation. För att lättare kunna identifiera våldsutsatta kvinnor krävs en ökad medvetenhet från sjuksköterskor. Att värna om våldsutsatta kvinnors integritet, trygghet och välbefinnande var centrala delar för att skapa en god hälsa. Sjuksköterskor bör se våldsutsatta kvinnors behov och styrkor för att skapa en tillitsfull vårdrelation.

  • Lundblad, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Vigren, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Effekter av vårdhund som omvårdnasåtgärd: En litteraturöversikt ur ett patientperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dogs helps humans by working alongside the police, firedepartment and healthcare. Thearpy dog is the term that is used within healthcare, where a educated dog works together with its handler to promote health. Aim: The aim of this study was to detect the effects of using therapy dogs as an intervention on patients in healthcare settings. Methods: A literary review with a systematic stirring. Only randomized controlled studies were included, all with different assessment tests to measure the effect of the therapy dog on various conditions. Results: Three categories of description were created; cognitive impairment, mental illness and neuropsychiatric disorder. Nine articles were included, and 19 different assessment tests were chosen. Nine of the assessment tests showed that the therapy dog has a positive effect on patients, but ten showed no significant difference from the control. Some of the areas where therapy dogs showed a positive effect was on quality of life and anxiety. Conclusions: The results from the study’s varies, and the evidence for the use of therapy dog is low. Even though the evidence is low, therapy dogs are used for elderly in long term care facility based on proven experience. Further studies are needed to evaluate the evidence and effects of therapy dogs in healthcare settings.  Furthermore, studies within the subject security specifically within zoonosis needs to be done.

  • Sjölin, Helen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Södergren Ohrt, Madeléne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att förebygga malnutrition: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter i hemsjukvården i en kommun2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Good nutritional wellbeing is crucial for good health. Malnutrition is a risk factor to the elderly, which may contribute to a lowered quality of life. Home care nurses play a prominent role in the preventative work. Purpose: To describe registered nurses’ experiences of working in a preventative manner in order to avoid malnutrition in home care patients in one community. Method: A qualitative design with an inductive approach was used. Ten interviews were conducted in total, after which the findings were analysed using content analysis. Result: The analysis gave rise to three categories: actions to be able to work preventative, personal an organisational obstacles and what the nurse need for improvements. It was evident that nurses usually discovered malnutrition through weight checks and treat it through energy enrichment of the patient’s diet. Preventative care may be obstructed by the patient’s participation in making decisions, as well as various organisational matters. Conclusion: The conclusion was there is room for improvement in the preventative care. While ambition is present among the nurses, the absence of a clear work description was perceived as hindrance to perform preventative actions. 

  • Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Younan, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Bogren, Camilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av att använda smärtskattningsinstrument i palliativ vård.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    District nurses experience of using pain assessment tools in general in palliative care.

     

    Background: Pain is a subjective experience and a common symptom in palliative care. The district nurse has an important role in this care to perform adequate pain estimates with validated instruments to promote good health care. By describing district nurses' experiences of pain assessment instruments, the importance of using these can be recognized and any need for improvement can be identified.

     

    Aim: How do district nurses describe their experience of using pain assessment tools in general in palliative care.

     

    Method: A qualitative interview study and semi-structured questions with an inductive approach were conducted. The study included fifteen interviews with district nurses. The interviews were processed using qualitative content analysis.

     

    Results: District nurses used different pain assessment tools depending on the situation and the patient. In cases where the patient was unable to communicate, the district nurse usually assessed the pain with her clinical gaze in combination with a validated pain assessment instrument. The conversation between the district nurse and the patient was of great importance for an adequate pain assessment. Well known routines were lacking in some workplaces which created unstructured pain assessment situations. 

     

    Conclusion: In the study, most district nurses point out that the optimal pain assessment is performed using pain estimation instruments and experienced clinical gaze along with established routines. To achieve this, pain assessment tools must be implemented in everyday work.

  • Vestin, Johanna
    et al.
    Saume, Klara
    Hur en sjuksköterska kan stödja patienter med diabetes typ 2: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Mattsson, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Johansson, Emilie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Digitala medier -Ett verktyg inom hälsofrämjande arbete?: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Working towards health promotion is becoming increasingly important for the nurse to reduce the burden of care and costs in the future, as well as reduce the proportion of chronic illnesses. The nurse's work includes developing both herself and nursing. Within the nurse's core competencies there are informatics where e-health exists as a concept where interventions are included. Aim: The aim was to investigate the effects of the general nurse's use of digital media in health promoting purposes. Method: A litterature study with a four steps analasys was conducted containing 11 scientific articles. Result: Most of the articles reviewed had positive significant results regarding physical health and diet, psychological health, risk behaviours and compliance regarding diet and medication. Conclusion: To use digital media for health promoting purposes has a positive effect. This might lead to an increase in health promoting interventions on digital media to reduce the occurrence of, or manage, chronic diseases in the future.

  • Axén, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Levin, Helén
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Vi sitter i samma båt: En empirisk studie om hemsjukvården, ALMA-teamet och primärvården i Västra Östergötland.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of elderly people in Sweden and the world is constantly increasing. In order to achieve good care for the elderly with complex care needs in the home, good cooperation between the region and the municipality is required. In western Östergötland there is a mobile team, the ALMA team, which is based on the hospital in Motala. The team consists of nurses and doctors who work to improve care for the elderly with complex care needs. Aim: The purpose of the study was to describe nurses '/ district nurses' experience of the collaboration between home health care, the ALMA team and primary care in Western Östergötland. Method: A qualitative method with inductive approach was used, 13 interviews were conducted with nurses / district nurses within the home healthcare and ALMA team. Content analysis was used in data processing. Result: The main findings of the result show that the collaboration between the ALMA team and the home health services worked well and that the cooperation between the home health care and the primary care functioned less well, seen from the home health care perspective. Conclusion: A well-functioning collaboration between home health care and the ALMA team leads to better care for the elderly with complex care needs. The lack of cooperation between home health care and primary care is due to a lack of knowledge of each other's resources and routines. The work of the ALMA team could be applied to other regions.  Keywords: Complex care needs, collaboration, ordinary living, elderly, district nurse.

  • Zäther, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Fransson, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av uppdraget som vårdsamordnare på vårdcentral: En empirisk studie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    District nurses’ experiences of the function as care coordinator at health care centers.  

    An empirical study. 

    On January 1, 2018, the Law on Collaboration in the discharge from health care came into force which led to a new working method in the collaboration for a well-functioning discharge process. In the region of Jönköping, governance documents were designed for a new function; care coordinator. The function is held by various professions, but the majority is district nurses. The purpose of this study was to describe the district nurses' experiences of their function as care coordinator at health centers in the region of Jönköping County. Sixteen district nurses were interviewed, and the data were analyzed through a qualitative content analysis. The result showed that the experience of care coordination was generally positive but there were difficulties in form of unclear guidelines and the requirements for using digital solutions. The function of care coordinator was not perceived to require district nurse education, although it was found to be an advantage. The most important things were to be experienced and to be able to create good relationships in the chain of care.

  • Vackmyr, Sandra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lundahl, Carin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Stöd till närstående inom palliativ hemsjukvård: - Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care takes place mostly in the home, which can be difficult. Earlier studies show that next-of-kin needs support to be able to be there for the dying person and to avoid developing physical and mental ill-health for oneself. Despite this, because of natural reasons, focus turns towards the patient when the palliative home care suffers from lack of time and resources.

     

    Aim: To describe district nurses’ experiences of their support to next-of-kin in palliative home-based care. 

     

    Methods: A qualitative interview study with inductive approach was performed. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with 14 district nurses. The interviews were analysed by using qualitative content analysis.

     

    Results: During the data analysis, six sub-categories emerged. Three categories were created; The importance of a functioning communication, The importance of a functioning way to work and The importance of building security.

     

    Conclusions: It requires sensitivity, time, good communication, continuity, experience and if possible, a long caring relationship which create security to give support to next-of-kin. Obstacles could be lack of time, deficient agreement and differences concerning language and culture. Deeper knowledge regarding difficult conversations and education to guide people in crisis are missing, but also knowledge of and implementation of family-oriented care. 

  • Landberg Lejon, Elina
    Jönköping University.
    Föräldrars uppfattningar av mötet med barnhälsovårdssjuksköterskan: En enkätundersökning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Parents' perceptions of the meeting with Child Health Nurse

    A survey study

    Background: All children are entitled to a fair and equal Child Health Care with a focus on the best possible physical, mental and social health. The Child Health Nurse must encounter each family and try to create an alliance together with the parents. Family-centred care can increase the opportunities for cooperation with the parents.

    Purpose: The purpose was to elucidate parents' perceptions of the meeting with the Child Health Nurse with focus on trust, information, participation and the nurses caring approach.

    Method: Data were collected using a web-based survey and analysis of collected material was done using the IBM SPSS Statistics version 26 computer program, with Chi2-analyses.

    Results: The results showed that parents have a positive view of the meeting with the Child Health Nurse. One significant difference emerged; parents with lower education considered the Child Health Nurse more comforting than parents with higher education.

    Conclusion: Parents have a positive view of the meeting with the Child Health Nurse and feel that they have been involved, had the opportunity to ask questions and received information that they understood, which is central to family-centered nursing and furthermore important to establish a good relationship to the parents.

    Keywords: Child health services, child health nurse, family- centered care, parents, survey study.