1234567 1 - 50 of 389
rss atomLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
  • Andersson, Emmy
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Virtual Collaboration – The Paradigm of Modern Work Environment: Cohesion and Challenges in Distributed Teams2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master thesis is an exploratory study that had the initial aim to research leadership in distributed teams, but, which ended up changing the focus as a result of unexpected findings. Therefore, the study refocused on collaboration in distributed teams with the purpose to explore the work environment of distributed teams from a collaborative perspective, with the aim of trying to develop an in‐depth understanding of the factors that contribute and challenge the cohesion in these teams. Furthermore, our aim was to present our findings in a model, which would describe the collaborative environment in distributed teams. Our research design was a single case study with embedded cases, overall 13 interviews were conducted representing leaders and members of hybrid distributed teams, which gave rich and descriptive data of their collaborative environment. Our empirical findings showed that structure has a significant impact on collaboration. This led to another finding, which states that management skills are more relevant than leadership skills in the virtual context. Furthermore, we could also identify several challenges, which were not explicitly approached in previous literature. Limitations/Implications: Our research is limited to a single case study, therefore future investigations including several cases or companies from different industries would be advised to strengthen the findings. Our research project contributes to the existing literature, by extending the research field of collaboration in distributed teams, while also having implications for companies, which have employees across the world and thus, consider developing or implementing this specific work unit. 

  • Pavoncelli, Nicklas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Behm, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Effectuation in Business to Government Context2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Effectuation is a theory about entrepreneurial problem-solving and management that was first identified by Sarasvathy (2001). Effectual logic has proven to be particularly useful when the company is functioning under the conditions of high uncertainty or goal ambiguity. It is an already widely-studied topic and it has been examined in various contexts, but one field that has completely lacked the attention of the researchers is the business to government context. Our study is focusing on effectuation in business to government context in specific and the aim of our study is to find out (1) how the business to government context influences the application of effectual logic, (2) and what the potential outcomes for innovation are. We used action research to build understanding through a deep involvement with a case organization. Through an experiment involving managers of our case organization, we could find which process is used, and how it relates to the context. Our conclusions show that business to government context sets some limitations to effectual approaches, and we present a framework which represents this effectual process observed in our case organization. In addition, grounded on our previous findings, we analyzed how this practiced process, and the context, set barriers to innovation as well: results such as difficulties to gain pre-commitments, inability to spread risk among stakeholders and difficulty to run pilot projects, are some of the observed findings. On the other hand, we argue that this brought to a focus on incremental innovations, which are new features added to pre-existing products sold to pre-existing clients. At the end of our study we come up with implications for researchers, which could be used to direct future contextual studies regarding effectuation and innovation. But also, some implications for policy makers and managers are presented, so to suggest ways to lower barriers for radical innovation in business to government, and create a more innovative friendly context.

  • Esterhammer, Oliver
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Huang, Jiahao
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Triggers of Buyers Regret of Impulsive Purchases2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Attention on impulsive buying behavior has been increased from both researchers and marketers, as the negative consumption experience resulting from this unplanned buying could harm the business severely in terms of brand building, reputation as well as a loss of customer. By reviewing previous literatures, we have identified that there is still little research about the post-consumer behavior of impulse purchases, namely on consumers’ regret triggered from what they have bought impulsively. The purpose of this study is to discover the triggers of buyer regret from impulse purchase, which is presented by the research question “What are the triggers of buyer regret from impulse purchases?” By conducting a quantitative research, we proposed a conceptual model of impulse purchase regret that consists of six hypotheses. The technical tool that we used to test the conceptual model is a SPSS extension called AMOS, whereas the analysis method uses the application of structural equation modeling. We collected our primary data (187 viable responses) via a questionnaire through convenience sampling. By testing all the data with AMOS, we received the following result: 5 hypotheses are accepted and 1 hypothesis is rejected. This result indicates that upwards counterfactual thinking (CFT) on forgone alternatives, a change in significance, and under consideration are positively related to impulse purchase regret; external stimuli and consumer susceptibility to interpersonal influence (CSII) have indirect influence on impulse purchase regret. By applying our theoretical background to analyze the result, we suggest that consumer’s rational buying thinking still plays an important role in post evaluation stage of impulse purchase, even though it disrupts the rational buying process in the beginning. Lastly, we believe that several parties could benefit from our research, they are marketing, academia as well as consumers. 

  • Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Norman, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Intra-triad Knowledge Flows2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we point out a gap in the EU 2020 strategy to deliver growth that is smart, through more effective investments in education, research and innovation. The gap in the strategy is that in addition to investing in its own R&D, the EU must take advantage of knowledge created in the rest of the world. Even if EU is a major generator of new knowledge and will become even more so when the strategy is implemented, more new knowledge is (and will be) generated outside than inside the EU. New knowledge developed in other parts of the world are not flowing immediately, automatically and without costs to the relevant actors within the EU. It is critical for the EU to develop efficient channels for the imports of knowledge from other parts of the world. We analyze EU’s capacity to absorb knowledge created in the other Triad nations (United States and Japan) through the following channels for international knowledge flows: academic knowledge channels, patents as a knowledge channel, technology trade, strategic R&D cooperation, trade networks, foreign direct investments, and high-skilled migration. The indicators show that there are certain types of knowledge channels that Europe must try to use much more extensively in order to become a leading knowledge economy.

  • Nordén, Catharina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    Effektbelysning i trafikmiljö2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis was conducted at Jönköping University in conjunction with the lighting design education in year 2017. The study aimed at investigating the traffic environment along the high way between Värnamo and Jönköping in order to map and get an idea of how the effect lighting can be used with colored light without creating a danger to traffic. The aim was to investigate whether the effect lights showed an impact on the driver's perception of the highway, and if the colors gave a difference in the experience or created distractions. The area was relevant to investigate as effect lighting are becoming more common after the technology has become more useful and economically justifiable. For that reason effect lighting with color are becoming more common, but are believed to have an impact on traffic that we are not aware of. The thesis questions were then formulated and investigated how effect lighting on objects affects drivers' experience in traffic. As well as if effect lighting of color and neutral light affect drivers’ experience of the road differently.The field study was conducted for three nights in March at a gas station related to the route that was investigated. Participants answered questions with semantic scales where they answered how they felt and experienced the road. Some of the participants were also randomly picked and asked if they could answer any following questions in the form of an interview.The road that was investigated had seven different effect lightings, witch three of them had colored light. The results showed that the lighting on the objects caught the attention of car drivers and affected the road drivers' experience of the road. The study also showed that the drivers were affected differently by the effect lights depending on whether the lighting was of colored or neutral light. The conclusions of the survey show how the drivers in this study experienced the road between Jönköping and Värnamo. To find out how effect lighting on objects generally affect road safety, more research is required.

  • Arvidsson, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Eriksson, Markus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Val av monteringsprincip och tillhörande materialförsörjning för montering av armaturer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Proton Lighting is a producer of professional luminaires used in public areas, schools, industry etc. 400 000 luminaires are produced every year at Proton Lightings factory in Värnamo, Sweden. An increased presence by global competitors has induced pressure on prices in the market, while Proton Lighting still wants to offer its costumer a wide variety in products and short lead time delivery. To stay competitive in the luminaire market, Proton Lighting is looking to make their assembly process more cost effective.

    Today’s assembly of luminaires is performed individually by operators at individual workstations. Each luminaire is assembled in one sequence by a single operator. There is a low presence of co-operation and interaction between operators with the present work procedure, and differences in performance and competence is evident. Operators is also responsible for supportive activities related to the assembling process. Material supply is largely handled by the operators themselves, from ordering material, gather material to returning old material. The purpose of this study is to investigate the possibility of changing the current way of assembling luminaires and supplying material. This will be done to minimize the number of supporting activities connected to the assembling of luminaires, which will result in a more cost-effective assembly.

    A case study was performed at Proton Lighting to shed light at the existing problems with today’s assembly process. Gathered data was analysed together with the available literature regarding assembly work, material supply and productivity. The analysis showed that the operators spent a lot of time performing supportive activities connected to the assembly work which creates losses in effectiveness. The result of the study shows that with changes to way of assembling luminaires and changing the way of supplying material an increase in effectiveness is generated. The study presents suggestions that addresses Proton Lightings problems related to existing assembly process. The suggestions focus on increasing the time that operators spend assembling luminaire.

  • Aronius, Felicia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Läsmotivation och läsförståelse hos elever i årskurs 1: En studie om elevers lässituation i hemmet och i skolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine whether reading motivation affects reading comprehension for a selected group of students in grade 1, as well as what their reading situation looks like. The material has been collected through interviews and has been supplemented with a reading comprehension test and a survey. The material has been analysed on the basis of the subjective theories. Respondents consisted of eleven students and their guardians, as well as two class teachers.

     

    It is possible to see from the results that automated reading has some influence on reading comprehension. However, automated reading does not mean that the learner has reading comprehension. The results show that reading motivation can affect reading comprehension, as the majority of students with good reading comprehension have a positive reading motivation. Through the reading comprehension test it is possible to see which part of the linguistic awareness students have difficulties with. Through the results it is possible to read that the model Reading = Decoding x Understanding x Motivation (Taube, 2007) is correct to some extent.

     

    The conclusions that can be drawn from the results show that the entire students' reading situation is important for a good reading development. Both homes and schools need to create an interest in books and reading and give the students a lot of time that they can devote to reading because the development of good reading capacity takes a long time. 

  • Karlsson, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Strandberg, Markus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Effektivisering av materialstyrning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The company operates in an industry where demand can change rapidly. Therefore, the future places high demands on the company to keep its material management in shape to deliver with the right products, in due time and in the right quantity. To maintain Inwido competitive, material management needs to be streamlined.

    This thesis focuses on streamlining material management in the external material flow. It focuses on providing suggestions on how the company could improve controls for the inventory to solve issues that cause interference in the material flow. The thesis emphasizes ABC classification, which is a method to categorize the supply items in order to place an appropriate service level. When the service level is set for each category, the fluctuation stock is dimensioned to maintain that service level for each supply item.

    The thesis charts the turnover of the external material flow, which will facilitate the company's handling of purchases and lot sizing. The purpose is to reduce tied up capital and lower the lead times, which will minimize costs and increase revenues.

    In the conclusion of the thesis, it appears that by using an ABC analysis it is possible to meet the goals that the company previously set. The objectives can be met by applying methods we recommend for lot sizing and material management. The thesis presents a proposal whereby it is possible to lower the capital bond by 18.7% while fulfilling a 97% service level for material stocks that hold external articles.

  • Zaar, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media.
    Digitala verktyg i svenskundervisningen: En kvalitativ studie kring lärares användning av digitala verktyg i svenskundervisningen samt hur användningen av digitala verktyg upplevs påverka elevers motivation till lärande2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine how teachers describe their use of digital tools in teaching the subject of Swedish and how the teachers’ perceive that pupils' motivation for learning is affected when working with digital tools in the classroom. The study is based on a qualitative phenomenological research approach.  The collection of data has been done through a questionnaire on the Internet, which was answered by teachers that work in elementary school grades 4-6, teaching the subject of Swedish, and using digital tools in their every day teaching. The result clearly shows that digital tools are used in several different ways in the subject of Swedish.  Mostly, digital tools are used when working with different types of texts, but also for example to blog, show films and to give feedback on pupils’ work. The result also shows that digital tools have a manly positive impact on the pupils’ motivation. For example, one respondent describes that the computer contribute to easier text editing, which makes the pupils more motivated to redo and change in their work. The one case, when pupils’ motivation for learning has been perceived as negative can be linked to the use of digital tools as special support in teaching and the respondent describes that the pupils' sense of being singled out is the main reason.

  • Henrysson, Sylvia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Har man inte ett starkt modersmål blir svenskinlärningen svårare": En kvalitativ studie om hur lärare främjar språkutvecklingen för flerspråkiga elever i grundskolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of bilingual students is increasing in today’s Swedish schools. Therefore, it is of importance that elementary school teachers are aware of how they can support bilingual students learning in an effective way. The aim of this study is to increase awareness in how active teachers, in elementary schools could work to develop bilingual students’ linguistic skills. Four classroom teachers, and two language teachers were interviewed with the following questions in mind:

    • In what way is education for bilingual students adjusted or designed by teachers in the classroom?
    • What educational accounts do class teachers and language teachers consider when teaching bilingual students?
    • How is the practical interaction between class teachers and language teachers to develop bilingual students’ language development?

    The results show that a well-developed first language is crucial when learning a second language. Further on, findings suggest that an increased interaction between class teachers and language teachers should exist. Additionally, both teachers and the environment’s approach to being bilingual are important factors for bilingual students’ language development.

  • Svensson, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Thorup, Jonathan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Minskning av produkter i arbete vid monteringsområde2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the automotive industry there is a high focus on profitability and to constantly renew its product range. Companies are constantly working to make their processes more effective and achieve higher productivity. As a subcontractor to the automotive industry, this is something that you continuously work with. The pressure from customers who want cheaper products means that Kongsberg Automotive AB will need to work with its processes to keep its customers and to remain profitable. Kongsberg Automotive AB has an assembly area that does not meet the required standard. By lowering the WIP (work in progress) level, the material is reduced in the area. This should be achieved by making the material handling more effective.

     

    The aim of the study was to identify the activities that contribute to a high WIP level and unnecessary material handling. Once identified, these activities would be reduced or eliminated entirely to increase the efficiency of the material handling and also to increase the productivity in the assembly area.

     

    In order to identify how much of a workday that disappears due to inefficient material handling, a frequency study was made. The frequency study identified all non-value added activities and their share of the total work. Some of the activities that were of non-value added nature could be linked to the problem WIP. For these activities action proposals were formed. A VSM (value stream map) was conducted to get the bigger picture of all products included in the assembly area, and this analysis provided a basis for the action proposals.

     

    The result of the frequency study showed that 19,5% of the activities in the assembly area fell under the category of non-value added activities. The root cause of why this category was 19,5% of the total working day was analyzed. Three action proposals were designed to reduce non-value added activities and to make the material handling more efficient. These three action proposals were kitting of the products, kitting of the packaging, and also to add the small components to the line feeding, that should already have belonged there.

  • Söderkvist, Gustav
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Lindström, Elsa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Konceptuell studie av hållare för förenkling av inköp2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This examination thesis includes a master thesis written by two graduate students studying product development and design at the school of engineering at Jönköping University. The assignment consisted of producing a product suggestion that facilitates handling of a shopping list at a grocery store.The thesis resulted in a final concept that were apprehended by creating a functioning prototype. The product consists of a plate, an attachment for a shopping cart, two snap-in strips, a lid and a penholder. The product has a smooth attachment that facilitates assemblage of the product and makes it suitable for the customers’ demands.The assignment originates from the one-man enterprise Sirge AB that in its turn took contact with the consulting firm Sigma Industry. The company weren’t established within the product development sphere and therefore didn’t possess the right expertise that were needed to get the job done. The contact person at Sigma Industry considered the assignment suitable to be done as a thesis.Sirge AB had found a gap in the market for products that simplifies the problem for customers at the grocery store. The request from the client were to develop a product that easily could be attached to a shopping cart and facilitate the handling of a shopping list. The reason for this were to avoid keeping multiple things in the hand at the same time and instead free the hands for grocery shopping. To achieve the objective, three questions of formulation were formed that were summed up with a main question of formulation:“How will a helping device be design to facilitate the handling of a shopping list at a grocery store, and also be flexible enough to handle both analogue and digital lists, be customer owned and with right material choose?”To answer the main question the project group applied the method of Bootcamp Bootleg. The work commenced with a pre study with the purpose to examine the interest amongst the future customers and create a focus group. A market research were also made to see which competitors that were already on the market and to see how well the new product would fit into the market. Several concepts were developed through the method brainstorming and were then evaluated through a SWOT analysis and an elimination matrices. The concepts that were chosen were then developed in the CAD program SolidWorks.The final concept consisted of a plate with the primary function that makes it possible to attach a shopping list. The product also offer secondary functions like a holder for a pen, a phone, and extra space for storage of other objects. The main part of the product were produced in 3D printing. The snap-in strips and parts of the attachment is standard components. The penholder were made out of leather and the lid in Plexiglas to give it a nice look.

  • Rexhepi, Edilona
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Samtal som metod vid arbete med faktatexter: En kvalitativ enkätundersökning om lärares val av läsförståelsestrategier i grundskolans tidigare år2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Linnros, Therese
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Jag gillar när det händer saker, mer hela tiden...": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om pojkars attityd till läsning i årskurs 62017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the measurements conducted by PISA and PIRLS, boys' results regarding reading ability have deteriorated in recent years. Boys do not seem to appreciate reading as much as girls, and according to research there is a theory that boys develop their linguistic development later than girls. Fictional books are not always so appealing to the boys, and the processing of what they read is not done in a varied way. The aim of this study has been to examine boys’ attitude towards reading in sixth grade and how fictional books is used in the classroom. The study is based on a socio-cultural perspective with a phenomenological research approach. By semi structured interviews with 16 boys in sixth grade, it was found that many of the boys had a neutral attitude towards books and reading. The boys understood the importance of reading but asked for a more varied way of working with reading. To increase boys reading and get them to appreciate reading, the processing of what they read needs to be done in a different way. Reading should be a common activity where the experience is shared with others.

  • Vong, Amy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Stax, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Uncovering the Motivations for Creating Brand-Related UGC on Instagram: A Study within the Apparel Industry2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The emergence of the Web 2.0 has enabled users to create and distribute content on social media platforms. As consumers depend increasingly on each other when gathering and evaluating information, they are becoming influential on brand activities by producing UGC and eWoM. As this represents a cost-efficient marketing practice for brands, they are seeking ways to leverage the creation of positive brand-related UGC.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to explore motivations for brand-related UGC creation on Instagram in the apparel industry.

    Method

    The study is explorative with a grounded theory inspired research strategy, and an abductive approach. A total of 20 participants were included in semi-structured interviews using IM. The participants, who all had posted brand-related pictures on Instagram, were selected purposely through Instagram itself, and were German or Swedish. Inspired by a grounded theory strategy, data collection and analysis proceeded simultaneously with the aid of a deductively developed preliminary model and a qualitative content analysis method. New insights were found inductively through the interviews, leading to the development and revision of the preliminary model.

    Findings and Conclusion

    The findings demonstrate that motivations for UGC creation are rooted in three dimensions, namely personal, social, and brand-related dimensions, all comprising of several categories of motivations with their respective sub-categories. Remarkably, the brand itself appears to be a greater motivation for UGC creation than previously expected. The results further indicate a strong interconnectivity between the three dimensions.

    Contributions

    This research provides a conceptual framework of motivations for UGC creation. It contributes with knowledge for marketing practitioners, as the model can be used to generate more effective marketing strategies on social media, suggesting them to incorporate the three dimensions of personal, social and brand-related motivations to trigger high levels of consumer engagement in relation with the brand.

  • Franzon - Isaksson, Erica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hellberg, Erika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Läsförståelse + Medier = Läsutveckling?: Hur elevers läsförståelse kan utvecklas med hjälp av olika medier2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that media is a central part of society because information and entertainment are mediated. Children often meet different types of texts through different media in their free time and at school. If students can connect their past experiences to new information, their skills are consolidated on a deeper level. Because reading comprehension is a central part of the teaching, media should therefore be integrated into the teaching. The Swedish National Agency of Education also believes that pupils' previous experiences should be part of the teaching. The purpose of the literature study is to develop knowledge about how teaching in primary school's previous years can strengthen students' development in reading comprehension using various media, which has led to the following issues:

    • How does media influence pupils' development of reading comprehension?
    • How can teachers use media to contribute to a developed reading comprehension?

    The study material consists of national and international material consisting of seven articles, four doctoral dissertations, a licentiate dissertation and anthology. The material concerns the purpose and the issues of the literature study and is scientifically reviewed.

    From the first question it has been found that pupils' reading comprehension is influenced in relation to media and motivation. The result showed that students who had media integrated in teaching where they read and interpreted multimodal texts gained a deeper understanding of texts content and messages. Through the second issue, it has been found that media and pupils' previous experiences are something that rarely integrates into teaching, due to lack of experience in teachers. The result also showed that teachers who teach explicitly through reading media strategies contribute to students developing their reading comprehension.

  • Johansson, Rebecka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media.
    Lundin, Lina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media.
    "Om jag vore den skulle jag...": Att nå värdegrunden i svenskämnet genom film och berättelser2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Wernersdotter, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School age educare.
    Andersson, Mia-Terese
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School age educare.
    Mäh, inte den låten! E du tjej, eller?: En kvantitativ studie om musik, genus och identitetsskapande på fritidshemmet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Musik är en stor del av barn och ungdomars fritidskultur och den ingår i hög grad i

    fritidshemsverksamheten, vilket ger anledning att granska på vilket sätt den används i

    relation till genus. Då fritidshemmet ska vara en arena för diskussion om och

    problematisering av normer i media och populärkultur bör det finnas en normkritisk

    medvetenhet hos fritidslärare gällande alla estetiska uttrycksformer som används i

    verksamheten. Studien antar en genusteoretisk ansats med utgångspunkt i

    socialkonstruktionism då syftet var att problematisera användandet av musik i

    fritidshemmet utifrån genus. Vi ville undersöka vilken medvetenhet lärare i fritidshem

    uttrycker om musikens roll för elevers identitetsskapande avseende genus samt i vilken grad

    fritidslärare arbetar med genusnormer i musik.

    Studien utgick från en kvantitativ ansats där en webbenkät låg till grund för det empiriska

    materialet. Resultatet visar att medvetenheten om musikens roll i identitetsskapandet är

    relativt stor, likaså medvetenheten om att musik bär på genusmarkörer, däremot visar

    resultatet också att samtalet om genusmarkörer i musik i fritidshemmet saknas. Studien ger

    vidare exempel på hur fritidslärare kan använda populärmusik för att synliggöra och

    problematisera genus i verksamheten.

  • Kurjenkallio, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Friman Linder, Olivia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Förskolepersonals förtroende för socialtjänsten: Vikten av återkoppling vid en orosanmälan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Andersson, Agnetha
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Grane, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Det är samma frågeställningar som tidigare, fast på internet!": Om kuratorer på ungdoms- och STI-mottagningars förhållningssätt till ungdomars lärande om sexualitet på internet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of internet for sexual activities among adolescents has not always been well received by society, due to the risks that it is associated with. The following thesis examines the attitudes and approaches of counselors at youth clinics and STI-clinics, when encountering adolescent’s questions pertaining to sexuality on the internet. Data was collected through a qualitative survey using semi-structured interviews. Counselors from different regions in Sweden were approached whereof 3 from STI-clinics and 7 from youth-clinics chose to participate. A social constructive theory was used to analyze the result. The results of this study showed that counselors experience the internet as an implement for adolescents when learning about sexuality. It can provide a sense of not being alone by allowing them to get in contact with like-minded and share experiences. Internet can further function as a gateway to reach out to groups of clients that would not come to a physical meeting. Adolescents exploring their sexuality on the internet has resulted in a renewed professional approach, wherein a heavier emphasis than before is laid upon: (A) inquiring about internet-usage among their adolescent clients, (B) supporting them without condeming, (C) examining the prior knowledge of the clients in the meeting. Well-known social problems are taking place in new forms of expression over the internet, thus it’s crucial for professionals and adults to understand this development.  

  • Kjellerstedt, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Munteanu Kulborg, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    ”Det är så mycket större än bara i skolans korridorer”: Föreställningar av mobbning bland skolpersonal i elevhälsoteam2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Grabow, Emil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Thorebring, Gustaf
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Alla människor är huvudperson i sitt eget liv": - en kvalitativ studie om behandlande personals uppfattningar om och förväntingar på klienter med ett substansmissbruk/beroende2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study is to describe and analyze how drug and alcohol counselors perceive clients with a substance addiction, and their expectations about the clients' ability to recover. The study particularly focuses on how the counselors perceive especially the client as the one who has the uttermost responsibility for his or her treatment and recovery. Qualitative semi- structured interviews were conducted with eight counselors at three different treatment facilities. The result showed that the counselors focused upon a general idea and treatment ideology that assumed all people to be fully responsible for their lives. It is from this general idea or ideology that the counselors also understand the client's responsibility, as absolute and non-negotiable. The counselors perceive their own responsibility in terms of them foremost facilitating the clients’ responsibility, for example by creating a sustainable relationship (e.g. non-judgmental, trustworthy) and to offer recovering tools to the client to use throughout the entire recovery process. 

  • Horvath Antonsson, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    The vulnerable boy-child: A qualitative study of the sitution for the rural boys in Kenya2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This minor field study describes the situation for the boy-child in rural Kenya and thepossible effects that can be seen after years of focus directed mostly on the girl-child,both in school and through non-governmental organizations (NGO). This study is doneby going in to the field of rural Kenya and meeting people who can give their opinion onwhat is going on for the boy-child in Kenya. This is a qualitative study based on semistructuredinterviews with six social workers. The method of using open ended questionswill give a hint of what is going on in the day-to-day life in the social worker´s context.During the analysis of the interviews it became evident that there is a need to payattention to the boy-child. There is also a slight difference in focus depending onwhether the informant is a woman or a man. Furthermore all social workers have spokenabout the risks that the boy-child and young teenaged boys are facing. The social workersin this study express their perception that the boy-child is vulnerable. Three major areascould be recognized: vulnerable by the neglect of professionals, vulnerable by the Africanculture and vulnerable by exposure to hazards. At the end of this study there will be adiscussion around the findings and analysis of the interviews. The discussion will alsobring up the aspects of manhood, masculinity and the importance of language as a way toconstruct perceptions as well as how the general construction of gender can be a part ofwhat makes the boy-child vulnerable.

  • Safi, Morid Ahmad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Nasrallah, Rowaid
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Knowledge and attitude of oral health among caregivers in nursing homes for elderly in Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa.: A Cross-sectional study2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Elderly today have an increased life expectancy and retaining their teeth longer than before, it is important that healthcare-professionals have knowledge about oral health and how to prevent oral diseases. Objective: To study knowledge and attitude of oral health among caregivers at nursing homes in Ga-Rankuwa, Pretoria, South Africa. Method: The study was a quantitative cross-sectional study. Data was collected by a questionnaire representing four dimensions; Internal Locus of Control, External Locus of Control, Self-Efficacy and Oral Health Care Beliefs (OHCB), consisting questions about oral health and oral hygiene. The population consisted of 130 caregivers. Result: A total of 50 out of 61 caregivers participated in the study, out of which 43 were females and 7 were males. The age-interval was between 20-75 years. Generally, no statistical significant differences in knowledge and attitudes between the two nursing homes and between the caregivers´ professional statuses was noticed. T-test showed a statistical significant difference (P=0.011) between the caregivers for OHCB-dimension, and (P=0.044) between nursing home “A” and “B” for OHCB dimension. Conclusion: The general level of knowledge and attitude among the caregivers was satisfactory but low. Monitored health intervention studies should be given to promote oral health care knowledge and beliefs. 

  • Aldasoki, Hanin
    et al.
    Jasseh, Awa
    Nyutexaminerade tandhygienisters upplevelse av introduktionsprogram2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ekström, Patricia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Hellsten, Evelina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Råslätt: En diskursanalys av tre versioner av en stadsdel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how different actors of the society speak about and portrays the Råslätt neighborhood.Further we study how using different terms to describe the area can come to affect the area and its residents. This study is done by using a qualitative method in the form of document analysis based on official documents from three different actors of the society and we also conducted three interviews with representatives from each actor. Different themes are examined that have been identified using a discourse analysis. Through the themes three different discourses were created and identified which are being used by the actors in describing Råslätt. The discourses are then compared with each other. The result shows that there are similarities and differences between the discourses in how Råslätt is described. The result shows that the terms used in the different discourses create different versions of the Råslätt neighborhood. The result also shows that, within the discourses the actors of society consciously relate to their use of languageand that the decision of using or not using a particular term has been made with insight to the risk of stigmatization that might emerge. In conclusion the result shows that the language used by the actors of society affect how they justify their own work.

  • Johansson, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Mellkvist, Elvira
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Vi upplever ditt barn så här på förskolan": En kvalitativ studie gällande förskollärares beskrivningar av utvecklingssamtalen i förskolan.2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varje år ska ett utvecklingssamtal genomföras med barnets vårdnadshavare i förskolan, därför har ett intresse växt fram hur dessa samtal utformas. Syftet med studien är att bidra med kunskap om förskollärares beskrivningar av hur de arbetar med utvecklingssamtal i förskolan samt undersöka vad de väljer att förmedla till barnets vårdnadshavare. Detta uppnås med hjälp av tre frågeställningar: Hur arbetar förskollärare med utvecklingssamtalets innehåll, utformning och genomförande i förskolan? Vad väljer förskollärare att förmedla av innehållet i utvecklingssamtalet och på vilket sätt förmedlas det till vårdnadshavare? Hur väljer förskollärare att samtala om barnet i utvecklingssamtalet? Studien är kvalitativ och empirin har samlats in genom fyra fokusgrupper med sammanlagt elva förskollärare. Utifrån ett socialkonstruktionistiskt perspektiv har förskollärarnas konstruerade beskrivningar analyserats med hjälp av fyra begrepp: typifiering, objektifiering, institutionalisering och habitualisering. Resultatet visar att det finns både likheter och skillnader i hur förskollärarna väljer att utforma och genomföra utvecklingssamtal i förskolan. Dessutom har det framkommit att tiden är avgörande för hur samtalet blir. I den avslutande diskussionen sätts studiens resultat i kontrast till den tidigare forskningen om utvecklingssamtal. Studien har bland annat bidragit med kunskap om de ”svåra” utvecklingssamtalen och om hur känsliga ämnen kan förmedlas till barnets vårdnadshavare. Förhoppningsvis leder studien till att andra förskollärare börjar reflektera om deras sätt att utforma och genomföra utvecklingssamtal i förskolan. 

  • Edman, Karin
    Vad motiverar elever i årskurs 1-3 att läsa skönlitteratur?: En studie om grundlärares och elevers beskrivningar av motivationshöjande aspekter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Zerai, Nathalie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Boksamtalets betydelse för elevers läsförståelse: En kvalitataiv studie av hur lärare i förskoleklass och årskurs 1-3 arbetar med boksamtal för att främja elevers läsförståelse2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Salloum, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Jensen, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ett digitalt engelskklassrum via CMC: Hur påverkar det elevers skriftliga förmåga?2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Rothén, Niclas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Aho, Jacob
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Semi Solid Metal Casting: Study Of Slurry Preperation Parameters2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work is an experimental study of one type of Semi-Solid Metal casting (SSM) process which is called RheoMetalTM. This method is an efficient type of Rheocasting that creates a semi-solid slurry within 30 seconds that is used for a high pressure die casting machine. The purpose of using a slurry in a high pressure die casting machine is that the slurry has a higher viscosity due to its solid fraction. This makes the filling of the die cavity more laminar which reduces air entrapment in the casting. The difficulty with this type of casting is to control the process parameters to be able to insure a casting with desired properties. A few studies within RheoMetalTM has already been made but there is still a lack of knowledge of to what extent the process parameters affect the slurry. The goal in this work is to study how the different RheoMetalTM process parameters influence the primary α-Al solid fraction, shape and size. The process parameters that were studied in this work was the stirring rate, superheat and EEM amount. In this study, the so called growth layer has been removed to make more precise calculations of the primary α-Al. This work also aims to study how grain refinement affect the primary α-Al which is commonly used to improve the quality of castings. To be able to perform this study, both practical and theoretical work has been implemented. The casting process involved making of ladles and preparation of various equipment. The cast samples were then prepared by standard metallurgy procedure for optical analyse of the microstructure. A special etching reagent was used to analyse the microstructure in a microscope. The etching is called Weck’s reagent and its purpose is to differentiate the growth layer from the primary α-Al. The growth layer is formed during quenching and by excluding it, the calculation of the slurry’s primary α-Al becomes more precise. This is because the slurry is not quenched before it is inserted into the high pressure die casting machine, therefore no growth layer is formed. To analyse the cast samples, a special program was used to identify and to calculate the solid fraction, shape and size of the primary α-Al. The result from the calculations made by the program gave different tendencies when changing the EEM amount. The stirring rate showed a tendency to decrease the solid fraction and increase the shape factor. The superheat decreased the solid fraction and increased the shape factor. The grain refinement also decreased the solid fraction and increased the shape factor. There was no clear tendency showing that the equivalent circular diameter of the primary α-Al was affected by any of the parameters.

  • Wikman, Tom
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Krogell, Mathias
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Blinkande markör2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a thesis performed by two students at Jönköping University in the field of Mechanical Engineering, Product Development and Design. The task has been carried out on the behalf of the company NPB Automation. The task aims to develop a new generation of marker to the industry for lid handling with respect to beverage can-related products.

    Materials selection, design of marker and the electronic circuit has been the main focus of the work. The industry of today regarding automation is a growing industry where development and efficiency is constantly happening. This work has contributed to increase the efficiency of handling the substantial number of lids that are being processed today.

    The report addresses a further development from the already existing marker of the company which is used when two different types of beverage can lids are changed. The work was initiated with a pilot study which contained gathering data by performing literature research. The pilot study was done to identify important parameters for the products design. These parameters were the foundation for generating different concepts where an elimination matrix later was used for choosing a winning concept. The final decision of the concept was done in consultation with NPB Automation.

    This concept underwent some changes throughout the process of the report but the main focus was to design the electronic circuit so that it fits in the marker without much change of its original dimensions. At the end of the work with NPB Automation a design proposal on the marker had been developed using CAD-modeling as well as manufacturing documentation with blueprints and a BOM-list.

  • Mårtenson, Simon
    et al.
    Andreasson, Oscar
    Reproducerbarheten av viridansstreptokocker med MALDI-TOF MS2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Rehnstedt, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Aspartat aminotransferas enzymaktivitet mätt i Advia 1800 och Sigma Aldrich AST AAK: En jämförande analys2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When liver cells become subject to disease or disintegration intracellular substances will leak into the blood. These substances can be measured in different ways. For physicians to make adequate decisions based upon laboratory results, among others, it is important to evaluate instruments for both reliability and equivalence. The aim was to compare Advia 1800 with Sigma Aldrich´s Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity assay kit (AAK) concerning enzyme activity. In Advia 1800, 40 samples of patient serum where analyzed and then frozen at -20° C to prevent further enzyme degradation. Analysis was then performed with AST AAK on thawed samples. Results show a correlation coefficient of 0,104 and the two methods are not comparable. The p-value was <0,05

  • Brodin, Nils
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Hanberg, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Efficient Power: A discourse analysis of energy efficiency policies from Finland and Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Månsson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Jörgensson, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Delaktighet i skolmiljö för barn med funktionsnedsättningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bajrami, Mirre Mergime
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School age educare.
    När kommunikationen brister...: Fritidslärares berättelser om arbetet med integration av nyanlända barn i fritidshem2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Den stora ökningen av nyanlända barn under de senaste åren har inneburit stora utmaningar för skolan. Syftet i studien är att skapa kunskap om hur fritidslärare beskriver sitt arbete med integration av nyanlända barn i fritidshemmets verksamhet.

    • Hur beskriver fritidslärare det första mötet med det nyanlända barnet?
    • Hur beskriver fritidslärare att de förbereder sig för att ta emot nyanlända barn?
    • Hur beskriver fritidslärare vilka resurser de har tillgång till på fritidshemmet för integration av de nyanlända barnen?

    Ett sociokulturellt perspektiv på lärande, språk och utveckling har tillämpats i studien. Studien bygger på en kvalitativ ansats där semistrukturerade intervjuer har använts som metod. I resultatet framkommer det att det första mötet med ett nyanlänt barn har stor betydelse. Den största svårigheten som beskrivs är kommunikationen i mötet med nyanlända barn och vårdnadshavare. Ytterligare resultat som framkommit i studien är att resurser såsom modersmålslärare ska finnas tillgängligt i fritidshemsverksamheten för att stödja det nyanlända barnets språkutveckling.

  • Levinsson Sjögren, Rebecca
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Literacy Research.
    Läsattityders påverkan på elever med lässvårigheters läsutveckling: En studie om verksamma lärare och speciallärares upplevelser om elever med lässvårigheters läsattityder.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to study active teachers and special teachers 'experiences of how pupils with reading difficulties' read attitudes and motivation affects their reading development. The research questions that will be answered in the study are: What do the teachers describe that the involved pupils reading attitudes and motivation are influenced by and how do they mean that the pupils' attitudes affect their reading development? How do the teachers describe the way in which they handle the pupils’ reading attitudes? In what way do the teachers describe that they are teaching to affect pupils' attitudes for reading?

    The study is based on general theories of pupils’ reading development. This study will be based on Lundberg and Herrlins (2005) definition of the five different dimensions that pupils need to master in order to be considered as good readers. Theories on the subjective, in this respect phenomenological theory, provide the methodology of the study. 

    The material comprise of semi structured interviews and the candidates in the study were strategically selected. The interviews were based on an interview guide and after the interview, they were transcribed. These transcripts were analyzed by a thematic analysis.

    The results show that all candidates encounter diverse groups of attitudes to reading. One group constitutes pupils who think reading is fun and thus have a positive attitude to reading and one group constitutes those pupils who consider reading are less fun and thus have a negative attitude to reading. The candidates also consider that the attitudes of parents to reading influence the readings of pupils. Teachers and special teachers handle student readings in diverse ways, but all candidates consider it important to support pupils in their reading development, to reduce the risk of pupils creating negative readings. They also make different in their teachings to consider the pupils' readings. All candidates, on the other hand, agree that pupils' reading positions affect their reading development.

  • Blyhagen Lindroos, Angelika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ätsvårigheter hos patienter med demenssjukdom: En empirisk undersökning baserad på sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Undernourishment is a widespread problem in patients with cognitive failure and dementia at the retirement homes. Most elderly people who live in special homes are fed up with some energy-generating nutrients and thus risk the development of malnutrition.

    Aim: To describe nurses' experience of giving nursing care to dementia patients with eating disorders at the retirement homes.

    Method: Qualitative interviews with ten nurses in a large city in central Sweden, informants were selected through a strategic selection. The interviews have been processed with qualitative content analysis based on Graneheim and Lundman (2004; 2008).

    Result: Nurses felt that they first needed to chart the patients' problems and needs. By providing extra nutritional food and tailoring food, nurses can influence the nutritional intake of patients. It was important that the meals were seen as a nice moment and that it was something the patients could look forward to.

    Conclusion: Nurses could influence patients' food intake by participating in the food intake situation. Raising nutrition in an organization that lifting the meal's importance as an activity could contribute to a general improvement in patient malnutrition and/or eating disorders.

  • Köllner-Allert, Isabella
    Läsmotivation i grundskolan - komplext och mångfacetterat: En studie om grundlärares beskrivningar av hur de motiverar elever att läsa2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nordhaug, Sofia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The role of third party assurance of sustainability reports: Incentives and Challenges2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:  Companies responsibilities regarding sustainability issues has drawn significant attention globally recent years due to catastrophes such as pollution and destruction of ozone layer. Out of this, a demand for companies to account for their sustainability performance has dawn, together with an almost concomitant growth in sustainability assurance. Some companies are truly committed to sustainability issues whilst other use sustainability reporting as manipulation and so called “greenwashing”. The role of sustainability assurance of these reports is unclear. Does it function as a legitimizer, a managerial tool and/or a corrector?           

    Purpose:    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate what role of third party assurance of sustainability information play, by identifying incentives and challenges. The thesis is written from a Swedish perspective.   

    Method:   It is a qualitative research and the data is collected through semi-structured interviews. Interviews was performed with assurance providers, companies with assured sustainability information and companies without sustainability information.    

    Conclusion:   The result shows that sustainability assurance is mainly functioning as a managerial tool that aims to improve internal processes, communication and control environment. However, it is associated with difficulties. Moreover, it does not necessarily imply that accountability increases and that the quality and credibility of the report is improved, since the role as corrector is unprioritized and associated with difficulties. A main concern is lack of standardization and laws, and lack of stakeholder inclusiveness in the reporting process and assurance process, referring to a wide range of stakeholders. Instead an important role of sustainability assurance is to legitimize the company as well as the assurer. Lastly, if the company acts sustainable or not is up to the company to decide. One should not expect auditors to prevent scandals or contribute significantly to a more sustainable world. 

  • Stea, Victor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Andresen, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Fixed Budget: Outdated or Underrated?: How Swedish Privately Owned Companies Perceive The Fixed Budget And How It Is Used.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many critics have been questioning the use of Fixed Budgets in modern corporations. It has been said to be too time-consuming, too hierarchical, quickly becoming obsolete and that it harms information flows. Furthermore, the budget has been criticized for being demotivating and has also been called “An unnecessary evil”. However, recent studies done in Sweden have indicated that companies are not abandoning the Fixed Budget but are finding ways to supplement it with other Management Control Tools.

    There has been an overwhelming amount of criticism towards budgeting over the last decades. However, there seems to be a contradiction between the amount of criticism and the effect thereof. The recent studies done were made on public companies in Sweden, therefore it is interesting to measure the use and perception of Fixed Budgets in private companies instead.

    Since the purpose of this study is to measure the use and perception of Fixed Budgets, it makes sense to conduct a quantitative web based survey that is directed primarily to the CFO of the company. The population consist of private companies with a turnover of at least 1 billion SEK.

    The results of this study clearly show that the use of budgets is high even in privately owned companies. It also shows the most common practice is to supplement the Fixed Budget with other Management Control Tools, e.g. Revised Budget and KPI’s. This study also conclude that the budget is value creating to private companies in Sweden. Moreover, the overall perception of budgets, and the implementation of it, is positive.

  • Nylén, Richard
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Björk, Johannes
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Redovisning i bostadsrättsföreningar: Från progressiv avskrivning till underskott?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Från och med 2014 hade ett stort antal företag i Sverige en ny typ av regelverk att förhålla sig till i och med införandet av bokföringsnämndens K-regelverk för redovisning. Det var i samband med implementeringen av dessa som FAR- branschorganisationen för redovisningskonsulter, revisorer lönekonsulter och skatterådgivare, ifrågasatte huruvida progressiv metod för avskrivning på byggnad var tillåten. Bokföringsnämnden behandlade frågan och kom fram till att så inte var fallet. Den 28 april 2014 beslutade nämnden också om att förtydliga K-regelverken för att på så vis klargöra att den progressiva metoden för avskrivning inte var den metod som generellt bör tillämpas för avskrivning på byggnad. Progressiv avskrivning var särskilt vanlig bland nybildade bostadsrättsföreningar och som en konsekvens av förtydligandet befarades kraftigt höjda årsavgifter för de boende med långtgående samhällskonsekvenser som följd. Alternativet till att höja årsavgifterna var att låta föreningen gå med underskott vilket även det var problematiskt. Årsredovisningen föreföll redan vara svår att förstå för föreningarnas intressenter och att kontinuerligt redovisa ett underskott befarades förstärka dessa tolkningssvårigheter. Genom att analysera årsredovisningarna för 20 stycken bostadsrättsföreningar i Jönköpings kommun under perioden 2013-2015 är syftet med den här studien att beskriva hur föreningarna har hanterat regelförtydligandet och hur detta har återspeglat sig i deras redovisning. Resultatet visar att samtliga föreningar väljer att byta från progressiv till linjär metod för avskrivning och att kostnaderna för avskrivning har ökat. Värt att notera är dock att flera föreningar sänker sina kostnader justerat för avskrivningar. Vidare så ser vi att merparten av föreningarna inte har höjt sina årsavgifter och att fler föreningar går med underskott under åren 2014 och 2015 i jämförelse med år 2013. Resultatet har betydelse för normgivare. En bostadsrättsförening drivs efter andra principer än vinstdriven verksamhet och det är problematiskt att dessa ska behöva dela regler för redovisning. Ett regelverk anpassat efter bostadsrättsföreningens speciella förutsättningar kan därför förespråkas.

  • Gustafsson, Viktoria
    et al.
    My, Jonsson
    A study of Environmental Disclosure within the OMXS30: with reference to the Global Reporting Initiative2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Climate change is an urgent issue which needs to be addressed and it is not uncommon for large companies to be involved in environmental scandals. Companies included in the OMXS30 both affect and are affected by the global and local environment. Sweden is on the forefront of sustainability. Yet, in recent years Swedish companies have been involved in such scandals. Therefore, it is important to further increase the transparency of corporate operations. The Global Reporting Initiative provide a voluntary set of guidelines which companies can use to report on sustainability matters in general and environmental issues in particular. Sustainability reporting is a common research topic. However, few studies have been done on measuring environmental indicators used by companies applying the GRI guidelines.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to measure which environmental indicators from the GRI framework are mostly reported on in 2015, among companies included in the OMXS30. Further, it aims to plot potential differences between the sectors represented in the sample. To detect patterns these two questions will be evaluated over a five-year period, 2011-2015.

    Method: To conduct this study a mix between quantitative and qualitative research methods will be used. The data will be collected using a quantitative approach and analysed using qualitative content analysis. This study will use secondary data, collected from company reports through the GRI sustainability database or the company website.

    Conclusion: The results of this study shows environmental indicators in the aspects energy and emissions to be the most reported on. This finding is consistent for the five years included in this study. Further, this study found differences in reporting between the sectors included in the sample. Almost all companies reported on the indicators that was found to be most common in this study, but differences were found in the level of reporting between the sectors. 

  • Odzak, Anisa
    et al.
    Skog, Amanda
    CEO Remuneration: A study on the impact of the Capital Requirement Directive IV’s bonus cap on the variable remuneration2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Over the past decades, there has been a massive increase in the level of CEO remuneration, which has not been in line with the growth in company earnings and firm size. This massive increase in particularly variable remuneration was one of the main causes to the financial crisis during 2007-2008. As a result of the financial crisis, the issue of excessive CEO remuneration has become increasingly highlighted. Thus, the regulators have been striving to come up with new regulations to align the long-term interest of the banks with the variable remuneration. A regulation that has been implemented by the EU countries to combat this issue is the bonus cap that is an amendment to CRD IV. The bonus cap limits the variable remuneration to 100% of the fixed remuneration, with the exception that it can be raised to 200% if approved by shareholders. However, the bonus cap has not been as efficient as expected.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to examine how the bonus cap has affected the variable CEO remuneration. This will be done by analysing and comparing the total remuneration within the 20 largest banks in EU. The investigation is concentrated on the time period 2012-2015.

    Method:  A sample of 20 banks has been chosen based on three criterions, namely the banks with the largest amount of assets, banks with EU headquarters and banks that provide the information necessary for the research. When collecting the data needed to fulfil the purpose, quantitative data in form of numbers from the banks financial reports was retrieved from their respective website.

    Conclusion: The results show that the variable remuneration has increased since the implementation of the bonus cap. This increase is likely driven by the increase in fixed remuneration. Another consequence of the bonus cap is that the variable remuneration has become more constant in relation to the fixed remuneration. The last observed consequence is a diminished correlation between performance and pay, meaning that the variable remuneration has had a weakened dependence on the performance of the bank. The results of the development in variable remuneration provide an insight about the effectiveness of the bonus cap, what impact it has had and that an improvement of the bonus cap is desirable.

  • Sjöberg, Klara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Drewniok, Sandra
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Female presence within executive positions in European companies: The development in the European Union2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background – In today’s globalized society, it is argued that gender diversity should be visible even withintop positions in management boards, since women and men now have similar impact as entrepreneurs,directors and consumers. Instead, there is an underrepresentation of females within top decision-makingpositions, where various barriers exist for women in their career advancements. Several countries in theEU have taken legislative actions to increase the presence of females in non-executive positions, but thesituation for executive positions is different, where a slower development is found.

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to examine the female presence within executive positions in theEU28 together with its relation to the gender pay gap, number of females holding tertiary education andthe legal framework in each member state. In combination with chosen theories and metaphors, this studycontributes to an increased consciousness within the topic when linking the development of femalepresence to the chosen factors.

    Method - Secondary data is collected from three different databases from the European CommissionandEurostat’s websites, where statistics are analyzed and compiled by the authors. Information from eachmember state’s corporate governance code will illustrate the respective legal frameworks.

    Conclusion - The results indicates a relation between female presence, gender pay gap and education levelin the EU28 with, on average, positive developments in all aspects. Although, the results vary between themember states and thus institutionalism might be an important factor with large impact on legal structures,willingness, attitudes and social pressures within society. Also, it is visible that there is still an existing glassceiling for women seeking for acceleration in their careers, as there is less development within the highestpositions of companies compared to positions without decision-making power.

  • Kurt, Nour
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Sohlé, Jonna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Jämförelse mellan Grocotts manuella och automatiserade färgningsmetod2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Grocott method is the most sensitive staining method for fungal structures in histological tissues in comparison to for example Periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS). Usage of the cancerogenic chromic acid and the time aspect for Grocott are significant problems. The aim of this study was to examine if the automated staining method for Grocott provides equivalent results in comparison to the manual staining method. Twelve tissue sections were stained with both the automated and the manual method. The automated method contains a kit with all solutions. Visual evaluation was conducted with authorized biomedical scientists and a pathologist. Fungi structures in eight of eleven tissue sections and a control were evaluated as more distinct in the automated method in comparison to the manual method. Fungal structures in one of the tissue sections were evaluated more distinct in the manual method. In the remaining two tissue sections, no fungal structures were identified. Results from this study indicates that the automated staining method for Grocott provides equally, alternatively more distinct fungal staining in comparison to the manual method.

  • Bergendorff, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Osbäck, Maria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Banking soundness in the European Union: - The impact of the capital requirements regulation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Purpose – The purpose of the report is to investigate the impact of the capital requirements launched by the European Commission in the CRD IV package, using accounting proxies for the CAMELS rating system. By using financial ratios as proxies for the CAMELS variables (capital, assets, management, earnings, liquidity and sensitivity), changes in the financial soundness in Europe can be detected and the impact of the new capital requirements can be understood. Research design – The study is a quantitative research, as the data was collected from the European Union’s 30 largest banks’ annual reports and it is therefore secondary data. The data was used in order to construct financial ratios to act as accounting proxies for the CAMEL variables, which have been used in order to construct a rating of the banks. These ratios were calculated for a five-year period, 2011-2015, in order to detect changes and give an indication of how the banks state and stability have developed during the timeframe. Findings – The findings show that there has been clear changes in the banking sector during the observe time span. The findings indicate a clear increase in capital ratios in the banks, due to the new capital requirements. The findings also show how profitability and liquidity is still too low to indicate a fully sound banking sector, but still may be attributable to the recent recession. Contribution – The authors found indications that while the trend and over all well-being in the banking sector is good there is still room for further improvement in both leverage and liquidity ratios as well as profitability. Value – The sample shows that the have been improvements in the soundness in the banking sector, but the results also indicated that capital requirements by itself is not enough to create stability and increased well-being for the banking sector. Several areas of importance to bank stability are still in need of improvement. 

  • Källqvist, Rebecca
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Äremann, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Gender diversity on Swedish companies’ board of directors: A study on gender diversity in 60 Swedish listed small, medium and large cap companies between 2009-20152017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    Purpose: The purpose with this thesis is to examine the development of gender diversity on 20 small, 20 medium and 20 large cap Swedish listed companies board of directors between the years of 2009 to 2015. The attributes board size, gender, age and education will be examined to see if there is any gap between male and female board members, hindering gender balance and if gender quotas are needed. The purpose aims to see if gender quotas are needed in Sweden.

     

    Research Design: The thesis contains of a quantitative study consisting of collected secondary data. The secondary data is selected from the annual reports from 60 different companies, 20 companies from each small, medium and large cap. The variables which has been analysed in order to answer the purpose of the thesis is board size, gender, age and education.

     

    Findings: The findings of this thesis one can conclude that the presence of female members in the boardroom has increased over the past years. However, this increase in unstable and has not been reality for more than two years in a row. Regarding the age the findings shows that the average age tends to be lower for female members which can enhance the tendency of “the old boys club”. The findings also displays that the educational level is even regarding both females and males and that the female members possess a high level of knowledge.

     

    Contribution: The thesis shows that there is a possible need of securing the enhancement of gender balance since the development has been uncertain over the past years. The current proposal is gender quotas. However, to include gender quotas in statutory law is not the appropriate way to go since there is resistance from the opposition parties and parts of the business life. The thesis also displays that the argument of females not possessing the accurate educational level is not justified since the female members of the investigated companies possess the accurate educational level and it is the same level as the male members.

     

    Value: In order to ensure equal gender balance in the boardroom to be reality in the future the authors believe that actions need to be taken. However, the proposal of including gender quotas into statutory law has been neglected and it is negative to force an action from the companies it might be more suitable to benefit the companies, which have equal gender balance instead.

     

  • Elm, Matilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media.
    Högläsningens betydelse i undervisningen: En studie om lärares beskrivningar av högläsningsaktiviteter i årskurserna 1–32017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about teachers’ read-aloud and the processing of the read-aloud texts in the classroom. The purpose of the study is to investigate how teachers in grades 1-3 describe reading-aloud activities that they use in their classroom practice. Following questions have been the starting points for this study: How do the teachers describe the use of reading aloud in the classroom? What do teachers want to achieve with processing of read aloud texts? What texts do the teachers use while reading aloud and on what grounds do they choose the texts they use? The study is based on a theory that pupils' learning develops in social activities where they get support, and this is based on a sociocultural theory. Five teachers have participated in the study. Qualitative method has been used where both interviews and observations have been conducted to gain an in-depth and broad understanding of the area. The material has been analyzed and discussed. The result of this study shows that teachers believe that reading aloud is an important part of the teaching that contributes to pupils' language development. Teachers use texts that interest pupils and texts that the pupils can relate to.