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  • Larsson, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Historiekursen för yrkesprogram i praktiken: En didaktisk undersökning av hur gymnasielärare förhåller sig till historiekursen för yrkesprogram2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Historia blev ett gymnasiegemensamt ämne i och med införandet av 2011 års läroplaner för gymnasieskolan (Gy11). Det innebar att elever på yrkesprogram fick obligatorisk historieundervisning. I studien undersöks hur gymnasielärare i historiekursen för yrkesprogram förhåller sig till kursen och hur de hanterar de eventuella utmaningar och problem som finns med en sådan kurs. Forskningsläget visar att elever på yrkesprogram inte nödvändigtvis efterfrågar en historiekurs och att den komprimerade undervisningstiden inte alltid räcker till för att avhandla kursplanens centrala innehåll. Dessutom visar Skolinspektionens kvalitetsgranskningar att elever inte ser historiekursen som meningsfull och att det sällan finns ett samband mellan undervisningen och examensmålen. Den teoretiska ansatsen tar sin utgångspunkt i Basil Bernsteins klassifikation- och inramningsbegreppet, med huvudfokus på inramningen. Enligt Bernsteins teori är undervisningen på yrkesprogram ofta präglad av stark inramning, vilket innebär att läraren äger stor kontroll över undervisningssituationen.

    I studien har sju historielärare intervjuats. De resultat som presenteras i studien påvisar tendenser som ligger i linje med forskningsläget. Lärarna i studien anser att det finns problem med elevers bristande motivation och förkunskaper, och att denna ramfaktor präglar undervisningen i stor utsträckning. Hur lärare hanterar de utmaningar och svårigheter som uppstår i klassrummet varierar men det framgår ändå att lärarna har någon sorts beredskap. Merparten av lärarna i studien anser att elever med bristande förkunskaper och motivation gagnas av en undervisning med stark inramning, men att kursplanens centrala innehåll är så pass omfattande att läraren tvingas välja undervisningsmetoder med svagare inramning. De undervisningsmetoder lärarna använder präglas av såväl stark som svag klassifikation. Det framkommer även att lärarna anser att det centrala innehållet i kursen är för omfattande i förhållande till undervisningstiden.

  • Olausson, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Meat as a matter of fact(s): the role of science in everyday representations of livestock production on social media2019In: JCOM - Journal of Science Communication, ISSN 1824-2049, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 18, no 6, article id A01Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent times we have allegedly witnessed a “post-truth” turn in society. Nonetheless, surveys show that science holds a relatively strong position among lay publics, and case studies suggest that science is part of their online discussions about environmental issues on social media — an important, yet strikingly under-researched, debate forum. Guided by social representation theory, this study aims to contribute knowledge about the role of science in everyday representations of livestock production on social media. The analysis identifies two central themata, namely lay publics' contestations of (1) facts and non-facts, and (2) factual and non-factual sources.

  • Johansson, Ulf
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Löfström, Tuwe
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Boström, Henrik
    School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sönströd, Cecilia
    Dept. of Information Technology, University of Borås, Sweden.
    Interpretable and Specialized Conformal Predictors2019In: Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction and Applications / [ed] Alex Gammerman, Vladimir Vovk, Zhiyuan Luo, Evgueni Smirnov, 2019, p. 3-22Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In real-world scenarios, interpretable models are often required to explain predictions, and to allow for inspection and analysis of the model. The overall purpose of oracle coaching is to produce highly accurate, but interpretable, models optimized for a specific test set. Oracle coaching is applicable to the very common scenario where explanations and insights are needed for a specific batch of predictions, and the input vectors for this test set are available when building the predictive model. In this paper, oracle coaching is used for generating underlying classifiers for conformal prediction. The resulting conformal classifiers output valid label sets, i.e., the error rate on the test data is bounded by a preset significance level, as long as the labeled data used for calibration is exchangeable with the test set. Since validity is guaranteed for all conformal predictors, the key performance metric is efficiency, i.e., the size of the label sets, where smaller sets are more informative. The main contribution of this paper is the design of setups making sure that when oracle-coached decision trees, that per definition utilize knowledge about test data, are used as underlying models for conformal classifiers, the exchangeability between calibration and test data is maintained. Consequently, the resulting conformal classifiers retain the validity guarantees. In the experimentation, using a large number of publicly available data sets, the validity of the suggested setups is empirically demonstrated. Furthermore, the results show that the more accurate underlying models produced by oracle coaching also improved the efficiency of the corresponding conformal classifiers.

  • Boström, Henrik
    et al.
    School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Johansson, Ulf
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Vesterberg, Anders
    Scania CV AB, Sweden.
    Predicting with Confidence from Survival Data2019In: Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction and Applications / [ed] Alex Gammerman, Vladimir Vovk, Zhiyuan Luo, Evgueni Smirnov, 2019, p. 123-141Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Survival modeling concerns predicting whether or not an event will occur before or on a given point in time. In a recent study, the conformal prediction framework was applied to this task, and so-called conformal random survival forest was proposed. It was empirically shown that the error level of this model indeed is very close to the provided confidence level, and also that the error for predicting each outcome, i.e., event or no-event, can be controlled separately by employing a Mondrian approach. The addressed task concerned making predictions for time points as provided by the underlying distribution. However, if one instead is interested in making predictions with respect to some specific time point, the guarantee of the conformal prediction framework no longer holds, as one is effectively considering a sample from another distribution than from which the calibration instances have been drawn. In this study, we propose a modification of the approach for specific time points, which transforms the problem into a binary classification task, thereby allowing the error level to be controlled. The latter is demonstrated by an empirical investigation using both a collection of publicly available datasets and two in-house datasets from a truck manufacturing company.

  • Ahmeti, Marigona
    Hur tidigare forskning har beskrivit den transatlantiska slavhandeln från 1940-tal fram till 2000-tal2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Besterman, Beatrice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Överhem, Ludwig
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Konvertering av industrilokaler till bostäder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: In order to counteract the current housing shortage in Sweden there is a need for alternative ways to create new housing units. Converting the usage of different types of facilities to housing is such an alternative. All around former swedish industrial cities there are empty industrial premises containing a lot of quality. However, there is an issue finding a new usage for these buildings. This study investigates what problems and possibilities that are linked to the conversion of industrial premises in order to find strategies that can help ease the process. Through this the combination of preserving old buildings and creating new housing units is enabled.

    Method: To gather information from previous research within the subject, the first part of our research was literature study. This was complemented with a document analysis and interviews. The documents that were analyzed are from the Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning. The interviews were carried out with developers and architects on three projects where industrial premises has been converted to housing. Besides interviewing people within these projects, an interview with the city architect in Norrköping has been performed.

    Findings: Converting industrial facilities into housing is a costly process where unexpected challenges occur in every project. Many times, there are demands on preserving existing cultural and architectural qualities of a building which complicates the process. Fulfilling demands and regulations of the Swedish building code often leads to expensive solutions when converting facilities into housing. However, the product of this kind of conversion is unique housing units that provide a new expression for the building as well as the area surrounding it. In addition to this, you avoid the emissions and pollutions that are linked with demolishing and re-building on the site. In order to help easing the process of converting industrial facilities to housing units these propositions are given: a new set of regulations for conversions of buildings in to housing, a new law regarding environmental impact and economical subvention for these types of projects.

    Implications: The suggestions that the study has resulted in are much alike what previous research has concluded: there should be a change in the building regulations, especially for conversion to housing. These changes should consider buildings with historical and cultural qualities which should be kept and compare these with the regulations that may conflict. A recommendation for future research is to investigate a proposal for these new regulations.

    Limitations: The study is limited to conversion of industrial premises to housing and the opportunities and problems with such projects. The case study includes three conversion projects which are centrally located and more or less have architectural values. The building regulations which has been focused on is: outdoor environment, noise pollution, accessibility and daylight.

  • Kadukoyickal Jose, Jincy
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Behavioural Intention in the M-commerce: A study of the usage of M-commerce applications in Indian market2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Online shopping through mobile has become very popular around us today because of the unique value proposition of providing easily personalized, local goods and services at any time and anywhere. However, still, there are some challenges for users to adopt m-commerce as whole. This thesis has done to find the factors of the acceptance of m-commerce in India.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the determinants of the acceptance of m-commerce applications in India.

    Method: For this study, quantitative research was used to gather data. The author decided to reach the target groups for the survey through different social media platforms and the survey questions were based on the user acceptance model.

    Conclusion: The results show that M-commerce has  developed in India  but still people are not aware about to use this because of the lack of literacy, this may not be barrier for mobile adoption but it’s a huge challenge for the m-commerce where consumers may need to enter their username and password and these should not be compromised to third party.

  • Lindmark, Eric
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Jakob, Svenningsson
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Optimization of inbound value flow in a manufacturing company: A case study on the bullwhip effect2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the research is to explore how to reduce waste in value flows and to minimize the bullwhip effect within operations. To fulfill and answer the purpose of the research three questions of issue has been established:

    1. What issues in value flows can be identified, regarding inbound and outbound flows?

    2. How can issues in value flows be minimized, with regards to inbound and outbound flows?

    3. How can a model be created to understand the relationship between value flow improvements and the bullwhip effect?

    Method – To retrieve understanding of the topic that thesis involves, support of literature studies, observations and data collection was used. The literature study created a foundation of theoretical framework. The data collected from the case company formed a base that partly facilitates the purpose of this thesis. The theoretical framework and data collection were thoroughly analyzed and discussed in order to propose solutions for improvements.

    Findings – The research establishes different issues that can be identified in outbound and inbound flows such as; waste in transportation, waste in inventory, waste in movement and waste in overproduction. Further, in order to minimize the identified issues in inbound and outbound flows it is imperative to find out the root cause for the issues. When the root cause was established, statistical approach was utilized to further explain the issue. The findings from the statistical approach elucidated a large variance between supply and demand, resulting in a bullwhip effect. In order to minimize the bullwhip effect, improvements should focus on insufficiencies such as; lack of communication, order batching and disorganization. In addition, standardization through 5s approach mitigates the waste in transportation and movement. To understand the relationship between value flow improvements and the bullwhip effect, a causal loop diagram was created to understand the phenomenon from a system perspective.

    Implications – The research contributes with solutions on how to identify the bullwhip effect as well as highlighting the issues in value flows. Furthermore, this research solidifies the importance of using lean process to improve overall productivity in value flows.

    Limitations – The research was limited to one case company and one area in the case company. The answers that are presented in this research could increase the reliability and credibility if the authors had been able to investigate several areas at the case company or several companies. Furthermore, the date that has been retrieved is based solely on one supplier at the case company.

    Keywords – ‘Lean Process’, ‘Bullwhip Effect’, ‘Supply Chain Management’, ‘Continuous Improvement’, ‘System Perspective’ and ‘Statistical Analysis’. 

  • Serrander, Rickard
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Kvinnan och mannen i läromedel: - En jämförande studie om kvinnor och män i trettioåriga kriget och första världskriget i läromedel från 1930-talet till 2010-talet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to take a historic look at how women and men are portrayed in war. I also want to try to shine a light on the common people that don’t belonged topsheet and how this has changed over time. To narrow my research down I have chosen to take a look at two wars, The Thirty Years' War and The First World War. This is a comparative study regarding how men and women are portrayed in educational material in the Swedish school system, which ranges from 1934 to 2018

    The questions I used in my study were; how has the different gender roles been portrayed throughout history and is there any change over time? How do common people get portrayed in the educational material belong to and is there any change over time? The results point towards men taking up a majority in the material that I have studied, but there seem to have been a change in time and that the change started to take place around 1980s, this also applies to the common people. In the material published in the 2000s you notice a change away from men and women in commanding positions such as kings, emperors and generals. My research has shown clear signs that both men and women from lower social classes takes up more room in the modern educational material used in the Swedish schools, and that gender roles has started to change.

  • Johansson, Pernilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Förebyggande arbete med munhälsa inom äldreomsorg.: Ett förbättringsarbete och fallstudie kring preventivt arbete inom kommunal hälso- och sjukvård.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Tepsic, Vedran
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Haioty, Fatima
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Svårigheter som konsulter upplever vid lean-projektering inom byggbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this report is to identify why consultants find it difficult to work with lean based projects and to find out the consequences of not following this philosophy. This report will discuss how it would be possible to more effectively involve consultants in their work with lean and maintain the effective flow that the lean philosophy strives for.

    Method: The methods used to achieve the results needed for this study are articles, books, scientific articles and semi-structured interviews with different consultants and taskmasters.

    Findings: The results of the study have shown that it is important to have a strong project management which really pushes for lean to be maintained and pursued. Visual steering is also something that should be pursued in order for consultants to more easily manage the lean idea. Some results have also shown that the personal connection between people working together in a project is of importance in order to maintain good communication. Finally, a good meeting structure, is maybe the most important part to make a lean philosophy work.

    Implications: The fact that consultants do not follow the said lean processor when ordering the contractor leads to the consultant working in their own way and can thus result in problems at a later stage between other consultants and / or the contractor. More organizations choose to work according to a lean and the implementation of this had both simplified and streamlined the design phase and the collaboration between contractors and consultants if there had been more basis for how the work could be improved.

    Limitations: The study is limited to AF Bygg Göteborg who themselves have hired all the consultants that the interviews were conducted with. It is also limited to the relation between the taskmasters and the consultants but also the consultants among themselves. The study will not study the effects of lean for this specific company. It will also not touch on general regulations nor different forms of procurements.

    Keywords: Lean, consultant, lean construction, the Toyota Way, Jidoka, consultants and project managment.

  • Pinate, Santiago
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Electrocodeposition of nano-SiC particles by pulse-reverse under an adapted waveform2019In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 166, no 15, p. D804-D809Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work has explored the potential of using pulse reverse (PR) plating for increasing the deposited fraction of SiC nanoparticles. Two PR waveforms were selected, a short pulse (500 Hz) waveform and a newly modified and adapted pulsed sequence that equals the plating thickness to the particles’ diameter (50 nm) for the on-time and half-diameter during the anodic time. The pulse waveforms were designed with 4 and 10 A⋅dm−2 as the average current density and cathodic peak current density, respectively. Direct current (DC) deposits at the same values were also produced as reference. In all cases, the codeposition of nano-SiC particles influenced the microstructure. The electroplating under DC 10 A⋅dm−2 showed the strongest grain refinement and increased the content of the particles (up to 2% vol.) PR using high-frequency achieved a similar codeposition. The maximum particle incorporation was achieved by the proposed adapted pulse waveform, doubling the SiC content produced by other set-ups (up to 4% vol.); increasing the microhardness of the deposits to 400 HV, despite no grain refinement compared to the pure metal. From these results, it was observed a relationship between the influence of the plating method on the microstructure, the particle content, and the material's hardness.

  • Borell, Klas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Nilsson, Marco
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Debatt: Samhällsvetenskaperna och den akademiska friheten i Turkiet: Massavskedanden, resignation och motstånd2019In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 56, no 3-4, p. 311-317Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Allvarliga kränkningar av den akademiska friheten förekommer idag i flera av Europarådets medlemsstater och det är ofta samhällsvetenskaperna som utgör måltavlan. Situationen är särskilt allvarlig i Turkiet där tusentals universitetslärare avskedats. Intervjuer med avskedade turkiska samhällsvetare och samhällsvetare som lever under hot om avsked ger en sammansatt bild: här finns både resignation och motstånd.

  • Góral, Anna
    et al.
    Zakładzie Zarządzania Kulturą, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków, Polska.
    Jałocha, Beata
    Instytucie Spraw Publicznych, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków, Polska.
    Mazurkiewicz, Grzegorz
    Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków, Polska.
    Zawadzki, Michał
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Badania w działaniu: Książka dla kształcących się w naukach społecznych2019Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [pl]

    Badania w działaniu. Książka dla kształcących się w naukach społecznych to cenna pozycja, w której opisano doświadczenia studentów piszących prace magisterskie na Wydziale Zarządzania i Komunikacji Społecznej Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Opracowanie w udany sposób ukazuje, jak poprzez wykorzystanie badań w  działaniu można inaczej zorganizować proces pisania pracy dyplomowej przez studenta. Monografia podejmuje próbę opisu zastosowania action research w  przygotowaniu pracy projektowej i utylitarnej, co pozwala zarówno na rozwijanie kompetencji badawczych studentów, jak i podnoszenie ich świadomości o otaczającej rzeczywistości organizacyjnej. Książka w zupełnie nowy sposób przedstawia formę przygotowywania pracy magisterskiej, której pisanie oparte jest na bieżącej współpracy nie tylko z promotorem, lecz także z przedsiębiorstwem, dla którego praca jest praktycznym, projektowym rozwiązaniem konkretnego problemu organizacyjnego. Co więcej, rozwiązanie problemu nie kończy procesu, ale jest elementem dłuższej i ustawicznej współpracy przy uczeniu się wszystkich stron tego procesu.

  • JUSTINA, BERNYTE
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Digital competences in eHealth for stroke survivors: a scoping review2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Aspects of digital competence associated with occupation, participation, well-being, and health are core concerns of occupational therapy. Nevertheless, there is limited information collected about stroke survivors’ digital competences. Consequences of digitalization are lacking clarity in the field of occupational therapy.

     Aim/Objective: The purpose of the study is to (1) explore the literature and identify digital competences for older adults to participate in eHealth and, in relation to that, (2) describe stroke survivors’ digital competences in eHealth.

    Material and Methods: Scoping review aimed to examine the extent, range, and nature of the literature on digital competences of stroke survivors’ in eHealth and identify research gaps. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases were searched.

    Results: 13 studies met the inclusion criteria from 599 identified. Three themes emerged: ‘Information and data literacy’, ‘Communication and Collaboration’, and ‘Problem solving’.

    Conclusions: Methodological gaps in the study revealed that before doing an intervention study in telerehabilitation, there is a need for occupational therapists to consider stroke survivors’ needs of education about technology and eHealth in order to ensure successful participation.

    Significance: Further studies in the field can encourage occupational therapy with its unique focus on occupation contribute to the changes digitalisation brought into peoples’ everyday live.

  • Nilsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Hlth & Care Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wallbing, Ulrika
    Univ Gothenburg, Ctr Person Ctr Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Alfvén, Gösta
    Univ Gothenburg, Ctr Person Ctr Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Dalenius, Kristina
    Lerums Kommun, Sektor Lärande, S-44380 Lerum, Sweden.
    Fors, Andreas
    Univ Gothenburg, Ctr Person Ctr Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Golsäter, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Child Hlth Care & Futurum, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Rosvall, Per-Åke
    Umeå Univ, Dept Appl Educ Sci, Umeå, Sweden.
    Wigert, Helena
    Univ Gothenburg, Ctr Person Ctr Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Mari
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Neurosci & Physiol, Dept Hlth & Rehabil, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Development of the Help Overcoming Pain Early (HOPE) Programme Built on a Person-Centred Approach to Support School Nurses in the Care of Adolescents with Chronic Pain-A Feasibility Study2019In: Children (Basel, Switzerland), ISSN 2227-9067, Vol. 6, no 9, article id E95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic pain and its consequences are major global health challenges, and the prevalence is increasing worldwide among adolescents. Adolescents spend most of their waking hours in school; however, there is limited research available on how school nurses can address chronic pain among adolescents in the Swedish school context. Therefore, we designed a person-centred intervention, known as Help Overcoming Pain Early (HOPE), to enable school nurses to offer adolescents strategies to manage their stress and pain. We used the Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for developing and designing this new complex intervention. For this study, we describe two of the four phases: (a) development and (b) feasibility and piloting. The final version of the HOPE programme consists of (i) an educational package for school nurses in the areas person-centred care, stress and pain education/management and gender perspective; and (ii) an intervention package for adolescents with chronic pain. The programme consists of four sessions during which adolescents with chronic pain have person-centred dialogues with a school nurse. The HOPE programme is based on the existing evidence of managing chronic pain and on the assumption that school nurses can support adolescents with chronic pain by using person-centred care.

  • Pergande, Shabirah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Frisk, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Hur  variatoner i arbetstid påverkar sjusköterskors fysiska och psykiska hälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Work related stress is commonly present within the healthcare and there is a high occurrence of sick leave and burnout among nurses. A significant portion of the nurses’ state that dissatisfaction with work hours, wage, workload, patient safety and work environment is the cause of them quitting to work in the healthcare or thinking about quitting. Nurses states that they worry about high stress, inadequate work environment and high workload leading to lower patient safety. The number of hours worked per shift or week could have a significant effect on the physical and mental health among nurses.

    Objective: To explain how variations in shift length and worked hours per week affect the physical and mental health among nurses in both out- and inpatient care.

    Methods: A literature review with an inductive approach was made to summarize and give an overview of the current knowledge about the topic. The study is based on an analysis of scientific articles with a quantitative approach according to Polit & Becks and Friberg's models and steps.

    Results: The results consist of nine different quantitative scientific articles that studied connections between the number of worked hours per shift or week, health among nurses and other effects. All of the scientific articles except two showed a significant relationship between the number of worked hours per shift or week where higher numbers were associated with worse outcomes regarding health, experienced effects on health and performance in areas such as sleep, exhaustion, burnout, tiredness, error proneness, concentration, work satisfaction, the will resign from work, and work-related injuries.  

    Conclusion: The number of worked hours per shift or week is a significant factor in relation to the mental and physical health among nurses. A high number of worked hours and the correlation of negative effects on the nurses’ health might reduce the patient safety. Reduction in the number of work hours per shift or week could improve the mental and physical health among nurses, reduce occurrence of sick leave, health related absence and, also reduce the will to resign from working in the healthcare sector. This may further lead to better safety for both the nurses and the patients.

  • Eklund, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av aktivitetsbalans när sammanboende partner drabbas av stroke och livet plötsligt förändras2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To develop an understanding of relatives´ lived experiences of occupational balance when cohabiting partner suffers from stroke. Material and method: Individual qualitative interviews with seven informants (all female, aged 63-87) living together with a male partner that suffered from stroke in the past 6-24 months. The interviews were analyzed using phenomenological hermeneutical method. Result: The informants describe the essential meaning of occupational balance as a sense of having control and freedom. The informants are striving to achieve a feeling of balance in every dimension of the phenomena. Personal and environmental factors can enable or inhibit the adaptation in the new life situation and the new role as an informal caregiver. In case of occupational imbalance, the informants express experience of physical, cognitive and psychological health issues. Conclusion: The informants´ new role as an informal caregiver affects the experience of occupational balance. This study illustrates the importance of including the closest relatives in the process of rehabilitation, to let them explore the new role as a caregiver and to achieve a feeling of competence and confidence. The concern of the closest relatives´ occupational balance and activity pattern is relevant to prevent illness.

  • Drost, Thomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Kortare ledtider inom psykiatrisk diagnostik: En fallstudie av införande av produktionsplanering inom psykiatrisk diagnostik och dess inverkan på medarbetarnas arbetsmiljö2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Accessibility is a major problem in Swedish healthcare. Production planning could help to shorten waiting times and improve accessibility, but there is insufficient knowledge of how this affects the working environment. An improvement project was initiated with the purpose to shorten the lead time between two steps in the diagnostic process at a psychiatric outpatient clinic, with the help of production planning. The change meant that patients were offered to book a time for the next visit during the first visit. A study of the project was initiated to investigate how the change affected the working environment. Interviews were conducted and analysed with content analysis.

    The improvement project led to lead times being more than halved. Employee participation was important for reaching this result. The study showed that the working environment was not adversely affected, on the contrary job satisfaction increased. Explanations for this was the satisfaction of being able to offer patients to book a new visit directly, less time spent on administrative tasks and staff retaining significant control over their schedule. The conclusion is that it is possible to increase production by means of production planning without this having negative effects on the working environment.

  • Petersson, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Abdulsahib, Alia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Sopsaltning som halkbekämpningsmetod på olika höjdnivåer i Jönköping: En studie för att utforska och undersöka kunskapsläget gällande sopsaltning i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose: The issue that this report addresses revolves around sweep-salting of footways and cycleways. More specifically, it focuses on the fact that large differences in elevation can lead to varying land surface temperatures, which, in turn, complicates winter maintenance when using the sweep-salting method.

    With Jönköping as basis of study, the aim of this report has been to examine the level of knowledge regarding sweepsalting of footways and cycleways in Sweden, this to show optimization possibilities to a developed sweepsalting in Jönköping, taken into account the height differences prevailing in the city.  

    Method: To obtain data, structured and semi-structured interviews have been carried out. All the interviews have been done and recorded via telephone calls and the interview questions have been emailed to the respondents in advance. The structured interviews have been targeted at four municipalities and the semi-structured interviews have been targeted at two concerned governmental bodies.

    Parallel to the interviews, three documents have been subject of analysis: Karlstadslaken by Tomas Stomberg, GCM-handboken published by Trafikverket, and Vinterväghållning och expertsystem – en kunskapsöversikt by Magnus Ljungberg.

    Findings: Sweep-salting as high winter maintenance method is a complicated task. It should be comprehensive, reliable, and conducted hastily over long distances and fairly large areas.

    It is a relatively new method and knowledge is, as of yet, limited. In the interviews, it became evident that municipalities largely are self-managing in this matter, but that a desire for more intermunicipal collaboration exists. Primarily, municipalities see the need of a governmental framework on how to conduct sweep-salting most efficiently. 

    De-icing is not carried out the same way in the north of Sweden as it is in the southern parts of the country. In the north of Sweden, the primary focus is snow clearance, and sweep-salting is only carried out when temperatures allow for it. In the south of Sweden, on the other hand, where temperatures often fluctuate around zero degrees Celsius, and snow quantities are manageable, sweep-salting is more prioritized.

    Implications: Besides keeping track of aerial and land surface temperatures, it is important to control the dew point, in order to apply the appropriate maintenance methods on the most crucial areas of footways and cycleways, at the right time. It is also important to stay updated on municipalities’ development of sweep-salting.

    Limitations: The economic aspect of sweepsalting is not considered in this study, neither is the perspective from cyclists nor pedestrians of the results of sweepsalting. The study would probably have reached a better result if more municipalities would have been included.

    Keywords: Brine, DYS spreader, Height difference, Latitudes, PC path, Plate spreader, Surface temperature, Sweepsalting, VVIS Puck.

  • Skogefors, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ölund, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av att leva med en närstående som drabbats av stroke2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Agrodimou, Anamela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Wellness tourism: through the lens of millennials' attitude: An exploratory qualitative study2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background:       

    In recent years a rising concern towards health enhancement activities has been prominent across populations, leading to the emergence of a multi-dollar industry, namely the wellness industry, which spans across a wide spectrum of sectors, ranging from organic food to tourism. In fact, wellness tourism has been growing at an exponential rate, generating high revenues, forecast to rise. Given that millennials have been gradually replacing former generations, in volume size, it becomes evident why this age cohort has garnered massive media attention worldwide.

    Purpose:

    Nevertheless, although wellness tourism industry has sparked the attention of academic scholars and industry professionals, scant academic research has been conducted on the wellness travel attitude of this age cohort. Hence, the purpose of this study is to examine the attitude of millennials’ towards wellness travelling.                           

    Method:             

    For the purpose of this study, a qualitative research comprised of 11 in-depth semi-structured interviews was conducted within a sample of individual’s aged 23-35.

    Conclusion:         

    The results of this research indicated that this generational segment displayed a particular travel attitude towards wellness tourism, which can be understood from a cognitive, affective, and conative angle. Overall, the main cognitive associations and thoughts with wellness tourism entailed the notion of relaxation, and health-enhancement, whilst the core emotions experienced ranged from inner fulfillment, and happiness to nostalgia and serenity. The main benefits sought involved, escape from daily life and stress relief, which are consistent with prior studies.

    It was clear from this study that millennials are price-sensitive, and they cherish the variety of activities along with the novelty of experiences when travelling for wellness. This research also sheds light on the most frequently employed travel platforms and channels of communication, which can provide tourism marketing specialists and industry professionals with constructive recommendations in terms of advertising and communication of wellness travel offerings.

    However, due to time constraints, this study was subject to certain limitations, which hinder the generalizability of results across broader populations and diverse wellness travelers. Future research is thus much anticipated and needed to dig deeper into this lucrative market.

  • Askew, Mike
    et al.
    Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Venkat, Hamsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Abdulhamid, Lawan
    Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Mathews, Corin
    Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Morrison, Samantha
    Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Ramdhany, Viren
    University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Tshesane, Herman
    Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Teaching for structure and generality: Assessing changes in teachers mediating primary mathematics2019In: Proceedings of the 43rd Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Pretoria, South Africa, 7-12 July 2019: Volume 2, Research reports (A-K) / [ed] M. Graven, H. Venkat, A. A. Essien & P. Vale, Pretoria, South Africa: PME , 2019, p. 41-48Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a sociocultural perspective that a teacher’s use of mediational means is central to student learning, this paper presents an analysis of six teachers and their mediating, across a two-three year time gap. Drawing on the Mediating Primary Mathematics framework – developed to examine the type and quality of mediational means – we propose two composite assessments of quality of mediation – extent and depth – that indicate the extent to which teaching addresses mathematical structure and generality. The findings reveal a range of differences in these two assessments for each of the six teachers, but that all six teachers were more coherent in their use of mediational means in the later lesson than in the earlier one. These findings have implications for other schooling systems and researchers seeking to improve the quality of mathematics instruction.

  • Venkat, Hamsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Askew, Mike
    Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Morrison, Samantha
    Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Abdulhamid, Lawan
    Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Shifts in early number learning in South Africa2019In: Proceedings of the 43rd Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Pretoria, South Africa, 7-12 July 2019: Volume 3, Research reports (L-Z) / [ed] M. Graven, H. Venkat, A. A. Essien & P. Vale, Pretoria, South Africa: PME , 2019, p. 422-429Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we report on outcomes from the Structuring Number Starters intervention project focused on early grades’ number learning in South Africa. Using tests drawn from the Maths Recovery programme, a cross-attainment sample of Grade 2 students in six schools took part in oral interview assessments early in 2011, 2014 and 2018, with professional development activities for their teachers occurring across this period. Student outcomes point to increasing proportions, over time, of students able to use more sophisticated counting strategies, and to work with number structure for more efficient calculation.

  • Cestino, Joaquín
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Written news at the crossroads: Entrepreneurial processes of reproduction and novelty in an institutional field in crisis2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores entrepreneurial processes in an institutional field incrisis. It is based on the inductive reinterpretation of four original papers that, combined, study activities of individuals searching for solutions to organizational problems in incumbent and startup newspapers. Building on an integrative framework of compatible concepts in entrepreneurship and institutional theory, and foregrounding the role of Bourdieu’s notion of capital, this thesis provides answers to how actors’ capitals mediate mechanisms of reproduction and novelty. Based on the analysis of multiple cases situated in a macro-level shift characterized by the transformation of the material environment, this work finds how—despite the aleatory and materialistic origins of written news norms and concepts, and their failing economic traction—entrepreneurial processes in all types of newspapers reproduce structural templates. In relatively affluent incumbents, reproduction happens because, in their search for solutions to losses of capital, actors interpret imported ideas within the meaning structure provided by existing norms and concepts, and day-to-day activities—“decoupled from innovation”—do not change significantly. Also, at the moment that these new activities generate short-term (albeit small) relative capital gains, as problems seem to wane, individuals unravel their search for solutions, reinforcing reproduction. In particularly deprived newcomers, the importation of innovative ideas can even be averted upfront by the organization of unrelated-to-the-venture supportive activities that generate unrelated-to-the-venture economic capital—a condition that shields these ventures from market demands and avoids exit scenarios. The “sheltered conformity” of daily activities in these organizations also results in reproduction. Yet, not all the entrepreneurial processes this thesis identifies contribute to the reproduction of existing institutional arrangements. Instances of significant difference in organizational structures can be forged in a distinct experience of constraints resulting from severe capital scarcity. A combination of absence of economic capital and moderate-to-low levels of cultural and social capital, as they are defined by the field, inhibits common solutions to problems. When actors find that freely available inputs accumulated in their personal biographies work, these inputs become “situated new forms of capital”. As they work, significantly different activities, partly decoupled from templates in the field, are incorporated in the structure of these organizations. Because it is existing ideals in the field that fuel resource-deprived entrepreneurs to sustain efforts, institutional arrangements do play a role in their own change.

    By offering empirical support to the central role of the personal experience of capital constraints and situated redefinitions of capital in processes of institutional reproduction and divergence, this thesis complements interpretations of institutional contradictions: Rather than starting from the coexistence of different templates that actors can alternatively employ at intersections of structures, this study explores early endogenous processes by which new norms and concepts enter existing fields, reinterpreting resources in them. These findings provide additional insights into questions related to the origin of ideas, emergent processes of decoupling and to definitions of an institutionalized field in crisis and organizational novelty. This research also contributes to entrepreneurship within sights into how alertness and discovery transpire. When focusing on institutional templates and problem-solving activities of ordinary actors, entrepreneurial action—even in an institutional field in crisis—can contribute to the reproduction of the status quo. And when significant differences happen, because they can result from a distinct experience of resource constraints, they may appear in humble beginnings that contrast those chronicled in later stages of change by institutional entrepreneurship theory. Additionally, this thesis adds to entrepreneurial resourcefulness by unbundling the process by which bricolage produces outcomes that depart from its institutional environment. In my findings, bricoleurs do not blatantly violate norms and concepts, and yet they can bring divergent organizational novelty to their working solutions. In fact, the efforts of entrepreneurial bricoleurs are largely sustained by the predetermined meaning of inputs and institutionally conforming ideals in ways that, I suggest, bring the concept of bricolage closer to its original definition by Lévi-Strauss.

  • Kuiken, Andrea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Melander, Anders
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Wooden housing industry: Export potential of the German market2019Report (Other academic)
  • Davoodi, Anahita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Johansson, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Laike, Thorbjörn
    Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Environmental Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Current use of lighting simulation tools in Sweden2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the findings of a web-based survey on the current use of lighting simulation tools in Sweden. The objective was to understand which lighting simulation tools are currently used in Sweden and to understand the design practitioners’ needs for future software development. The results showed that lighting simulation programs are widely used in Sweden. However, the respondents paid less attention to daylight than to artificial light. The respondents’ principal training methods were university courses and self-study. Interior illuminance values, glare indexes, and the daylight factor were the most commonly calculated simulation outputs. “Ease of use” and “accuracy” were identified as the most important factors in the use of the software, while “slowness of simulations process” causes the most dissatisfaction. Dialux was the most popular software program used.

  • Nilsen, Kim
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Aligning Enterprise Strategy with IT projects: Uncovering the most common factors causing misalignment in IT project2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stratgic alignment has been one of the top concerns for IT executives for decades. One of the great debates in literature regarding strategic alignment is what act ‘alignment’ means, why it is needed and how do enterprises stay aligned. Alignment has many definitions, but in this context, it is concerned with the integration of business and IT strategies. Research has proven that there are positive relations to enterprise performance when it is aligned.

     

    This qualitative research investigates the causes of misalignment through the views and thoughts of IT professionals at a Scandinavian IT consultancy company. By using a model created by, Schlosser, Wagner, and Coltman, this thesis could establish the most common factors to achieve alignment in the given enterprise. The model allowed the field of business-IT alignment to be explored in IT projects, and allowed for a better understanding of what causes misalignment.

     

    This thesis conducted six interviews to answers two research questions; (1) what factors cause misalignment in IT projects and (2) how do these factors differ in different methodologies. The results from the analysis found that the main factors of misalignment were ‘procedures / workflow alignment’, ‘managerial skills of business and IT employees’, ‘technical skills and knowledge of IT employees’, ‘mutual trust and respect between business and IT executives / employees’, ‘IT skills and knowledge of business executives/employees’ and ‘alignment of business and IT strategy/goals/plans’. The second research question could  concluded that more research is needed to understand how factors change using different methodologies, as the results were to similar to reach a definit conclusion. For future research the thesis recommends using a multiple case study using the same model to verify the data gathered in this thesis and to strengthen the use of the model.

  • Hussein, Kaltum
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Pehlić Ćehić, Sumeja
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Fotbolls VM i Brasilien 2014 - Sportevenemangets påverkan på landets hållbara utveckling: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys om vilka sociala, ekonomiska och ekologiska effekter VM har haft på värdlandet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine and explore the social, economic and ecological effects of hosting sports events. It will focus on the FIFA world cup 2014 and its effects on its host nation, Brazil. The study will explore the underlying factors behind the sports-event and whether the world cup has contributed or hindered the development of Brazils sustainable development. It seeks to understand the environmental impact of reconstructing infrastructure and implementation of arenas. The FIFA world cup is the highest viewed sports spectacle that connects football fans all over the world. It is strongly linked with joy, pride and entertainment that also holds cultural significance. In contrast, the preparation for hosting the world cup includes reconstructions of the city’s infrastructure. These redevelopment projects consisted of forced evictions, disposing of people, ostracization and further marginalization of people, cheap labor, demolishing buildings of historical and cultural value. Violations of human rights took place in order to host the event. It also diverted state funds from the education and health sector which were invested in building grandiose arenas. The result highlights the advantages and disadvantages of hosting the world cup. It will discover its effects on the country’s economy, whether it profits from hosting such an event.

  • Engberg, Aron
    Centre for Theology and Religious Studies, Lund University.
    Walking on the pages of the word of God: Self, land, and text among evangelical volunteers in Jerusalem2019Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary provided by publisher:

    In Walking on the Pages of the Word of God Aron Engberg explores the religious language and identities of evangelical volunteer workers in contemporary Jerusalem. The volunteers are connected to Christian organizations which consider their work a natural consequence of the biblical promises to Israel and their responsibility to “bless the Jewish people”. 

    Relying on ethnographic data of the discursive practices of the volunteers, the book explores a central puzzle of Zionist Christianity: the narrative production of Israel’s religious significance and its relationship to broader Christian language traditions. By focusing on the volunteers’ stories about themselves, the land and the Bible, Aron Engberg offers a convincing account about how the State of Israel is finding its way into evangelical identities.

  • Rosenberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Bogren, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Framtagning av Kontorspendel2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hammar, Karl
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Wallin, Erik Oskar
    Idun Real Estate Solutions AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karlberg, Per
    Idun Real Estate Solutions AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hälleberg, David
    Akademiska Hus AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The RealEstateCore Ontology2019In: The Semantic Web – ISWC 2019: 18th International Semantic Web Conference, Auckland, New Zealand, October 26–30, 2019, Proceedings, Part I / [ed] C. Ghidini, O. Hartig, M. Maleshkova, V. Svátek, I. Cruz, A. Hogan, J. Song, M. Lefrançois & F. Gandon, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 130-145Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent developments in data analysis and machine learning support novel data-driven operations optimizations in the real estate industry, enabling new services, improved well-being for tenants, and reduced environmental footprints. The real estate industry is, however, fragmented in terms of systems and data formats. This paper introduces RealEstateCore (REC), an OWL 2 ontology which enables data integration for smart buildings. REC is developed by a consortium including some of the largest real estate companies in northern Europe. It is available under the permissive MIT license, is developed and hosted at GitHub, and is seeing adoption among both its creator companies and other product and service companies in the Nordic real estate market. We present and discuss the ontology’s development drivers and process, its structure, deployments within several companies, and the organization and plan for maintaining and evolving REC in the future.

  • Östlund, Wallescka
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Förutsättningar för att tillämpa evidensbaserad praktik inom arbetsterapi2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bertills, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Different is cool! Self-efficacy and participation of students with and without disabilities in school-based Physical Education2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Self-efficacy predicts school achievement. Participation is important for life outcomes. Functioning affects to what degree you can participate in everyday life situations. Participation-related constructs such as self-efficacy and functioning work both as a means of participation and as an end outcome. Learning takes place in this interrelationship. How relationships between participation and these constructs vary, depending on whether impacted by disability or not, how they develop over time and outcomes of these processes need to be explored.

    Method: In this three-year longitudinal study developmental processes of student self-efficacy (PE specific and general), aptitude to participate and functioning were explored. The context is school-based Physical Education (PE) in mainstream inclusive secondary school in Sweden. Data was collected from student and teacher questionnaires and observations of PE lessons. Students self-rated their perceived self-efficacy, aptitude to participate and functioning in school years seven and nine. Teachers self-rated their teaching skills. Student engagement, teaching behaviors, interactions and activities in Swedish school-based PE were observed in year eight. Relationships between the constructs and how they develop over time were studied in a total sample of 450 students (aged 12,5-15,5). Specifically focusing on three student groups, students with diagnosed disabilities (n=30), students with low grades in PE (n=36), and students with high grades (n=53) in PE.

    Results: Adapted instruments to measure self-efficacy (PE specific and general), aptitude to participate in PE, and functional skills (physical and socio-cognitive were developed and validated. PE specific self-efficacy is closely related to the aptitude to participate and has effects on student engagement and general self-efficacy. Over time PE specific self-efficacy increase in adolescents, but students with disabilities initially responded negatively if their PE teachers rated their teaching skills high. They were also more sensitive to the social environment, which was associated with PE grades over time. During this time the relationship between perceived physical functional skills and PE specific self-efficacy accelerated for students with disabilities. They were observed to be equally highly engaged in PE lessons as their peers. However, students with disabilities were observed to be closer to their teacher and tended to be less social and alone than their peers. Observed teaching skills as measured by level of alignment with syllabus, and affective tone when giving instructions showed differences in complexity and efficiency. Students in the study sample were more engaged in high-level teaching and were more frequently in communicative proximity to their teacher. In conditions of high-level teaching, teachers gave more instructions and used more materials for teaching purposes. Lessons were more often structured into whole group activities and lessons were more focused.

    Conclusion: PE specific self-efficacy measures students’ perceived knowledge and skills in PE and is related to students’ aptitude to participate, general self-efficacy and functioning. The overall findings imply that the developmental processes of perceived self-efficacy (PE specific and general), aptitude to participate and functioning differ between the student groups. PE specific self-efficacy and socio-cognitive functioning improve over time in all groups. Stronger associations of PE specific self-efficacy with aptitude to participate and functional skills, and weaker with general self-efficacy were found in students with disabilities compared to their typically functioning peers. Individual factors are vital to learning, but students with disabilities seem to be more sensitive to environmental factors than their peers. The aptitude to participate declines in students with disabilities, probably due to their experience of having physical restrictions. However, while participating in PE, they were similarly relatively highly engaged as their typically functioning peers. Instructions in PE indicate differences in complexity and efficiency of PE teaching. More complex lesson content requires more  instructions and more purposeful materials. Time was used more efficiently in high-level teaching conditions. Lessons were more focused and had more flow, leaving students with less time to socialize. Space was also used more efficiently, and teachers were closer to their students. Indicating that more individual support, feed-back and feedforward was provided. Students with disabilities were more frequently close to their teacher than their typically functioning peers. The use of more whole group formats indicate that teaching is more differentiated in high-level teaching. When activating students physically, teachers may choose simpler self-sustaining activities, i.e. sports games. Small group formats may be used for individual development of motor skills or drills.

  • Hansen, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Industrial design.
    A Friendly Product: A Kansei engineering study2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is about exploring the possibility to concisely and deliberately apply a feeling on a product medium. The report features the process and results of using the kansei engineering methodology to develop and evaluate a friendly vibrator (pleasure product). The thesis is performed at a master level in the program of Industrial Design at Jönköping University.   

  • Eriksson, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Jaha, blir det ett grått flygplan?: En kvalitativ studie om hur pedagoger tillför en rik språkmiljö för barn i deras egeninitierade aktiviteter inomhus2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka huruvida pedagoger tillför en rik social språkmiljö för barnen i barns egeninitierade aktiviteter inomhus. Studien kommer fokusera på den verbala aspekten utav den sociala språkmiljön.

     

    Studien har genomförts genom observationer under barns egeninitierade aktiviteter inomhus, där pedagogernas samtal med barnen har varit i fokus. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i det sociokulturella perspektivet, som utgår ifrån att människans utvecklas när den kommunicerar med andra kulturella varelser, och där lärare och vuxnas handlingar är centrala för språkutvecklingen. Studiens resultat visar på att pedagoger samtal med barnen i deras egeninitierade aktiviteter inomhus har rum för utveckling. Pedagogernas försök till samtal med barnen skedde ofta genom stängda frågor, som i stor utsträckning inte bidrar till språkutveckling hos barn. Samtalen mellan barn och pedagoger kom sällan igång, då pedagogerna ställde vuxenfrågor som inte intresserade barnen.

  • Bagué Grifoll, Janona
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    “Children in preschool class have to learn to sit a bit more”: Swedish preschool, preschool class and primary school teachers’ perspectives on the transition from preschool to school2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transition from preschool to primary school is considered by many researchers as being one of the most challenging transitions that children can experience in their educational development. In 1998, in an effort by the Swedish government to facilitate this transition, preschool class was introduced as a voluntary bridge year between preschool and primary school.  Changes in school legislation in 2018 made attendance to preschool class compulsory. Despite the introduction of preschool class in the Swedish system, a lack of knowledge and research about the policies and practices in preschool classes for successful supporting this transition has been observed. The aim of the present qualitative study was to characterize preschool, preschool class, and primary school teachers’ understandings of the transition from preschool to primary school as reflected in their teaching practices. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with preschool, preschool class and primary school teachers at one school and affiliated preschool in a town in the South of Sweden. Observations of the preschool class were also conducted. Theories of transition were applied to analyze the teachers’ understandings of the transition from preschool to primary school.  All of the participating teachers considered the change to compulsory attendance in preschool class to be beneficial for a successful transition for the children from preschool to primary school. Two key factors were identified that appeared to be consequential for how the teachers understood and worked with children’s transitions: (a) the organizational structures in place to support the teachers’ work, related to the teachers’ ability to coordinate with each other and have access to information relevant to prepare the children for the transition; and (b) the lack of a common pedagogical framework across the preschool and school.

  • Barka, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Effective Physical Therapy Methods For Improving Postural Control In Children Diagnosed With Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate which physical therapy methods are most effective for improving the postural control in children and adolescents diagnosed with CP, in order to provide to physical therapists with new evidence on the topic for integrating them in theirs intervention plans.

    METHOD: A systematic literature review was conducted in order to collect all the relevant information according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Five databases (PubMed, ProQuest, CINAHL, Web of science and Scopus) were used to identify relevant studies to include in this review. Keywords included “physical therapy”, “postural control”, “cerebral palsy” and their synonyms. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were settled according to the research question.

    RESULTS: Following the exclusion and inclusion criteria and after the quality assessment of the yielded data 11 articles were included in this review out of 97 of the initial search. PT interventions that were identified in the review included aquatic physical therapy, electrical stimulation therapy, intensive upper- and lower-extremity training (HABIT-ILE), virtual reality therapy and reactive balance exercise and standard PT combined with other methods such as backward walking training, Whole Body Vibration (WBV) training and antigravity treadmill training.

    CONCLUSION: In order to achieve improvements in postural control that are maintained over a period of time, children with cerebral palsy need to have PT included in their everyday routine and to have consistency in their sessions. All the PT interventions showed some positive effects on PC but, as Cerebral Palsy has many classifications and the effects of it varies for each child the PT method needs to be adjusted  to meet each child´s individual characteristics and disability and also to their environmental needs.

  • Göthager, Adam
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Khalaf, Maysoon
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Högutbildad men utestängd: En kvalitativ studie av högutbildade invandrare på den svenska arbetsmarknaden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative interview-based study investigated the current situation on the Swedish labour market for highly educated immigrants having acquired their education from their respective home countries. The aim was to capture the immigrants’ experiences on the Swedish labour market regarding the challenges in finding a job that is on par with their level of education. The study aimed to identify what immigrants viewed as the main obstacles and possibilities in doing so. Interviews were conducted with eight immigrants currently living in Sweden, most of whom had immigrated from countries in Asia. The main obstacles according to the immigrants were language barriers, lack of an adequate social network, ethnic discrimination and difficulties in having their foreign education verified by Swedish authorities. There was a sense of hopelessness regarding possibilities, but most of the interviewees wanted to be given the possibility to show their expertise via internships. Some of them felt that a move to yet another country was their only and last resort.

  • Stenqvist, Oscar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Claesson, Tommy
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    En jämförande studie i prestanda mellan React Native och Ionic2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To examine if there is any difference regarding performance between the two frameworks Ionic and React Native to ease decisions which one to use when developing mobile applications.

    Method – A comparative study with hypothesis based on earlier studies are tested with different experiments.

    Findings – Ionic is performing faster in the majority of the experiments, but at the same time its CPU and memory usage is higher. The results also show that React Native is struggling with larger data-sets.

    Implications – The study is contributing to a wider knowledge about cross-platform frameworks performance, and therefore facilitates the choice on which framework is more preferable to use.

    Limitations – The study only includes Ionic and React Native, and no conclusions can therefore be applied to any other cross-platform frameworks. The results are not generalizable to cross- platform native vs cross-platform hybrid, or Android vs IOS