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  • Thärning, Erika
    Håller undervisningen?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om lärare och lärarstudenters upplevelser av hållbar utveckling i undervisningen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working with education in an environment that is constantly changing depending on society and governments are demanding and the description of education for sustainable development is still unclear since the widely spread definition of ESD was accepted. ESD is shortening for education for sustainable development and is here translated with undervisning för hållbar utveckling.

    ESD has changed through the years and has shifted focus a few times. But has the education been improved or just changed?

    Teachers express uncertainty about how to educate for sustainable development and in this study, I try to find what is difficult about it. Through interviews with teachers and teacher students’ I examine their understandings of the concept sustainable development, what difficulties they experience and how the subject has changed through the curriculums.

  • Svensson, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Män, kvinnor, näckar och näckikor: En kvalitativ studie om den småländska näcken under 1800-talet ur ett genushistoriskt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines stories from the 1800s about the Swedish folklore creature Näcken with the purpose to define what kind of view on gender they are presenting. The geographical area in focus is the Swedish south province Småland. The ambition is to see how the stories describe the thinking, acting and meaning about gender and authority. This will also be studied in relation to the norms and ideals of gender that dominated in the 1800s. Former studies has shown that the view of folklore and gender interacted and carried each other in the 1600s and the 1700s. There are also research that indicate that the creature Näcken maintained gender patterns in the 1800s. This research determines more general patterns concerning gender and has not done a more firmly analysis in relation to the change in the view on gender which took place between the 1700s and the 1800s, which this study intend to do by using Yvonne Hirdman’s gender system as a theoretical framework.

    The result has shown that the understandings of Näcken had a role to play in the context of social control, seeing as the understandings affected the behavior of people. The most clear message the stories expresses is that men had more capacity to act than women, which is in line with the 1800s ideals about gender that derived from a polarization norm. This can also be seen in the context in which the meeting with Näcken took place, namely the in the context of work and other activities, but not in connection to physical places in line with the polarization norm, in which the women should have met the creature closer to the farm and the men’s meeting should have more distance from the farm. The stories also expresses a valuing of characteristics which were highly valued as norms in the 1800s. The characteristics also have a moral dimension. Men with highly valued characteristics were more likely to succeed with their attempts and had bigger chances of escaping Näcken. Within the moral spectrum one can find a Christian motive as well, since warnings about neglecting the religion takes place. For women though, the stories’ moral dimension spoke about precepts and the negative consequences which could follow if the women did not practice restraint and carefulness. From the 1600s and 1700s to the 1800s Småland, there is also a continuity regarding sexual relationships between women and Näcken to be found. Those kinds of relationships are rare to find in the sources.

  • Svensson, Johannes
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Med Guds hjälp?: En kvalitativ studie över tjänstgörande karoliners uppfattningar om det stora nordiska kriget och Karl XII2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With Gods help?

    A qualitative study of Carolean's perceptions about the Great Northern War and Charles XII

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate what perceptions Charles XII’s Caroleans had about him, the Great Northern War and how these perceptions changed during the war. There is also an underlying ambition to show how these perceptions differ. The underlying issues for the thesis are thus:

    - What perceptions/opinions describes the Caroleans of Charles XII as a person and leader?

    - What perceptions are described about the war as a whole?

    - In what way do perceptions concerning loyalty and hopes change during the war?

     

    The theoretical point of departure of the thesis is briefly the fatalistic beliefs and image of the King as the elect of God. A majority of the Swedish army was characterized by this approach and based their experiences and values on it to varying degrees.

         The methodology in which the essay's research is based on are threefold and consists of narrative diary analysis, microhistory and mentality history.

         The study is based on a source material composed of six diaries from six of Karl XII’s Caroleans with varying positions. Based on analyzes of these diaries, each individual’s experiences and perceptions have been distinguished and reported.

         The conclusion of this result is that all of the mentioned Caroleans hulded a great respect for the king and saw him to varying degrees as a role model and the election of God. As the result shows they did not hold him personally responsible for the end of the war, likely due to the fatalistic beliefs that’s already mentioned.

         Perceptions of the war in whole occur to some extent but not to the extent expected. From this point of view, the chosen Caroleans were fairly value-free. During the war, one can clearly see that perceptions and hopes changed. This change is strictly linked to the Swedes pros and cons in the war.

  • Dusper, Zeljka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    "Studieresa till Krakow": En historiedidaktisk undersökning av Förintelsens minne förmedlat och mottaget av 15 elever2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay examines a study trip to Krakow and the mediation of the Holocaust memory to 15 students. It is partly structured after three places that the students move between, experience arenas, which are the death and concentration camps, Poland and Sweden. The students are also moving according to four different dimensions: first place, but also time, morality and existential. The survey is based on a ritual theoretic view of social memory production and the formation of new witnesses. With inspiration from the Norwegian study Pilgrim, tourist and student: Norwegian school trips to death and concentration camps by Kyrre Kverndokk, has also this study trip been studied as a ritualization process based on which students will obtain a state of catharsis. With a qualitative research method, information has been gathered through participatory observations, group interviews and a poll. The result shows that the students attributed the camps to death, destruction and evil, but that they were struggling to live in the victims’ situation because it was too far from their own lives but also difficult to understand such evil. The students did on the other hand identified the spectator role since Sweden was seen as one of the countries that looked at and let the Holocaust happen. The students positioned themselves as new witnesses and told about their experiences in their free time and on their own initiative. The study indicates, among other things, that the Norwegian approach to the Holocaust differs from Swedish, which influences the meaningful learning process.

  • Stavhagen, Niclas
    Jönköping University.
    Bilden som röst för ett rop på hjälp: En semiotisk bildanalys av svenska pressbilders iscensättning av folkmordet på den kurdiska befolkningen i Irak 19882018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An important starting point for the thesis is the enormous importance of photography as a source for historical research. Earlier in history, this approach has not been obvious among many historians, but recent decades’ new trends have emerged that have changed the attitude towards the image as historical source. Against this background, the main purpose of the thesis is to study how the Swedish media have chosen to portray the genocide of the Kurdish population in Iraq in 1988. The material consists of photographs that has been published by Swedish newspapers from 1988. In order to visualize general patterns, trends and a symbolism in the images, the methodological approach has been based on a semiotic image analysis where the image has been placed in a context while analyzed from two levels. In addition to this, a cultural theoretical perspective has also formed the theoretical framework for the thesis. Here, the starting point has been that the photographs published in the Swedish press papers reflected a cultural as well as a historical context in which they existed in. The results of the thesis have shown that the imagery has testified to a clear tendency to create clear dividing lines between male and female individuals in the photographs. The research have showed that women and children got strong positions as victims while the men usually became absence or they became more dominant in the situations when they showed up. When it came to the context in which the images were published, it showed that the photographs usually came to be placed in context where they came to symbolize or manifest events that concern parts of the genocide. Sometimes images also came to complement each other like a story where each part had to manifest certain parts of the story.

  • Hansson, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Heidenvall Lindner, Matilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Medias framställning av romer: En innehållsanalys av Dagens Nyheters rapportering under åren 2010 & 20142018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Romer har historiskt blivit marginaliserade och inte åtnjutit samma rättigheter som majoritetsbefolkningen. I en svensk kontext har romer historiskt sätt bland annat fått utstå diskriminering i form av registrering, tvångssterilisering, fördrivning och särbehandling i skolan. Denna uppsats har som syfte att undersöka romers framställning i den svenska nyhetstidningen Dagens Nyheter under åren 2010 och 2014. Studien använder sig av en innehållsanalys med både kvalitativa och kvantitativa inslag för att kunna besvara de valda frågeställningarna. Undersökningen använder sig av teorin över andrafiering som behandlar hur majoritetssamhället definierar ”den andre”. Teorin över diskursiv diskriminering används också för att identifiera diskriminering i nyhetstexter samt hur minoriteter blir försummade i mediaframställningen. Resultatet i denna studie visar på att innehållet i Dagens Nyheter främst kretsar kring hur stater och myndigheter misslyckats i sin behandling av romer, diskriminering, social status, positiva framgångar för romer och tiggeri. Innehållet har till stor del ett konfliktfokus där artikelns innehåll kretsar runt en konflikt om romska frågor. Romer får väldigt sällan höras eller beskriva sina egna intressen i Dagens Nyheter. Istället är det politiker och myndigheter som oftast får höras i romska frågor. Majoriteten av artiklarna har inget fördomsfullt innehåll riktat mot romer och Dagens Nyheter är till största del objektiv i sin rapportering. Slutsatsen som kan dras är att en nyhetstidning som Dagens Nyheter har stor makt i framställningen eftersom det oftast är den enda framställningen majoritetssamhället får av romer. Dagens Nyheter vill främst framhålla romers utsatta situation i samhället genom orättvisa beslut och diskriminering. Dock kan detta skapa en bild av gruppen som passiva och olycksaliga offer. 

  • Nadjafi, Samantha
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Murdock, Olivia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    ”A compliment immediately becomes a harassment”: A qualitative study of young male university students’ perceptions on the #metoo movement and the changes in their attitudes2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the fall of 2017, the #metoo movement began on social media to encourage victims of sexual harassment to speak up and show the magnitude of the problem, especially violence committed by men against women. The message of #metoo went viral and developed into a significant topic on gender equality. It became a global trend in countries such as Sweden, France and various other countries, which caused a storm of users to share their stories with the help of the hashtag metoo on their social media platforms. The motivation behind the chosen area of study is to comprehend opinions on the movement. In order to get a different perspective on the women’s movement the focus throughout lie on young men. The aim of this study is to examine how heterosexual male students at a university in Sweden view the movement both as a Swedish and a global phenomenon. Furthermore, the study examined if the students believe their attitudes toward sexual harassment have been affected or changed by the movement. This bachelor thesis attempted to answer the research questions and present the results by conducting focus group interviews. The presented results of the focus group interviews showed an overall positive attitude towards the purpose of the movement. However, a majority agreed that the movement had developed into something beyond its purpose and discussed the negative effects it brought with it. The participants expressed concern for the usage of the hashtag for minor incidents which eventually overshadowed the initial positive purpose of the movement. Through the study, it was furthermore revealed that the participants did not believe that a change in attitudes had occurred within themselves, even though they believed it may have brought change to other men in society.

  • Engström, Karl
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Snabbare och säkrare övergång för patienter från primärvård till specialistpsykiatri: En empirisk fallstudie av antagandens betydelse för ett förbättringsarbete kring remisser och samverkan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In Sandviken, the adult psychiatric care is divided between Primary Health Centers and Psychiatry. The transferral of patients was unsafe and meant prolonged time before psychiatric treatment was started as 50 % of the referrals were declined.

    Purpose

    The improvement project aimed to reduce the proportion of declined referrals and to reduce time between referral and psychiatric treatment.

    The study aimed to find out beliefs existing among stakeholders and the effect of these on the improvement work.

    Methods

    The idea to test, a referral template, was chosen in advance of the project start. Several improvement tools were used and one primary focus was to base decisions upon facts.

    The study was an empirical case study with qualitative analysis made on documents and interviews.

    Results

    The improvement project didn’t achieve the set aims. The study showed that beliefs about what was needed and possible to do, contributed to the results of the improvement work.

    Conclusions

    The improvement project showed the importance of testing new ideas. The referral template wasn’t a working solution. Stakeholders beliefs about what was needed and possible to do, and how to do it, was shown to contribute to the results of the improvement work.

  • Piscoran, Andrea-Mariana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Lock, Sara-Lina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    ”Du är en del av Sverige men du är inte svensk”: En kvalitativ studie om migranter från Balkan och deras reflektioner om sina livssituationer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Migration has increased through globalization in the world and to Sweden as well. When an individual leaves its native country for a new country it often means social, cultural and economical changes. The purpose of this study is to highlight how migrants from countries around the Balkans are experiencing their new life in the Swedish society, and from their perspectives notice the challenges they face in their everyday lives. The survey is conducted through six interviews with three men and three women from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. The study starts with a brief historical presentation of the geographical area. The result shows that the migration has made it possible for the respondents to improve their economic conditions, but at the same time emphasizes that the loss of social connection to others have had a great effect on their lives. Further on, the results are discussed based on modernization and postmodernization theories according to Robert Inglehart as well as from individualization theory from Ulrich Beck's perspective. It is also related to previous research in the field where similarities and differences are visualized. 

  • Rizkallah, Matilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Bagenda, Mary
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Prostitution and Race: An Intersectional Analysis of a Black Woman's Experiences in the Swedish Sex Industry2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prostitution, arguably one of the world’s oldest profession has become a current and growing business across societies today. In Sweden, there has been an increasing recognition of the constant exploitation and abuse of women who are in the business of selling sexual services. As a majority of the sex workers in Sweden are non-ethnic Swedes, it has become increasingly difficult to distinguish the misogyny from the racism or exotification experienced in prostitution. This qualitative study explores if the intersection of race, misogyny and exotification has given rise to different kinds of vulnerabilities amongst women in prostitution in the Swedish sex industry. The purpose of this study is to examine the experiences of a black woman who has been prostituted in the sex industry in Sweden. The aim is to provide knowledge of intersectionality in prostitution and the complex effects it has on an individual woman’s experiences. The authors made use of case study as research design and relied on a semi-structured interview with a black woman who has been in prostitution and her experiences. The results of the study, with comparison to the literary review showed the different intersecting factors that affect a black woman, and how it, with the use of intersectionality as an analytical framework, can be argued that these factors give rise to a distinct experience in a woman with multiple marginalised identities. The study does also suggest the need for further research in the field with a larger selection of respondents that aims at acquiring national data as well as research on prostitution that focuses on power structures and the intersecting identities of persons with multiple dominant identities.

  • Weber, Alva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Tangen, Eline
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Vårdnära servicetjänster- En möjlighet till förändring?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Elderly care is a sector facing major challenges due to the increased number of elderly people in combination with difficulties regarding recruitment and providing competence. In order to cope with this challenge, a larger municipality in southern Sweden has examined alternative competencies in the area and found that the competence of the assistance nurse can be released by redistributing the duties regarding service. Due to the fact that service duties instead are transferred to a new profession, called Care Services, this may solve a part of providing competence. The current labor market, which is characterized by recruitment difficulties, coincides with the fact that there are people far from the labor market. In our qualitative interview study, we have conducted two individual interviews with individuals who are well aware of the subject and we have also conducted a focus group interview in order to examine how professionals, who work on a daily basis to support people find their place in the labor market, perceive the new profession.

    In order to analyze our empirical material we have used three theoretical starting points, which are the Human Relations perspective, the concept of competence as well as objectivity pluralism. In general, the results show that the new profession may be relevant to those persons who for various reasons have not yet found their place in the labor market. There have also been other clear profits combined with certain challenges that need to be taken into account in the future work with the new profession. In the municipality where the study was conducted, the new profession is not yet active and therefore it is challenging to discuss its future function and the implementation.

    English title: Care Services- An opportunity for change?

    Keywords: elderly care, Care Services, competence, recruitment, Human Relations perspective, The objectivity pluralism.

  • Adolfsson, Ellen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Ruderfors, Beatrice
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Mina grannar ser exakt ut som jag själv: En studie om boendesegregations påverkan på utanförskap och gemenskap2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Boendesegregation skapar antaganden om olika bostadsområden, antaganden som påverkar människors känsla av utanförskap och gemenskap. Två resursstarka och två resurssvaga områden i två olika städer jämförs för att undersöka respondenternas upplevelser kring utanförskap och gemenskap i respektive område. Studien bygger på två nationalekonomiska teorier, Mismatch hypotesen och Polariserings hypotesen, som förklarar uppkomsten av boendesegregation. Dessutom en kompletterande teori som diskuterar grannskapets effekter på känslan av utanförskap och gemenskap. 16 semi-strukturerade intervjuer ligger till grund för det empiriska materialet, varav 8 från resursstarka områden och 8 från resurssvaga områden. Studiens resultat visar på en starkare gemenskap mellan grannar i de resurssvaga områdena än i det resursstarka. Resultatet visar också att resurssvaga områden tillskrivs ett utanförskap, som individer boende i dessa områden inte själva upplever. 6 av 8 respondenter dementerar vid intervjuer påståenden om ett utanförskap. Avslutningsvis uppvisar studien på starkare gemenskap i samtliga områden, snarare än ett utanförskap.

  • Semionova, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Dayeh, Hanan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Utvärdering av aktivt B12 som markör vid bristanemiutredningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Diagnosis of vitamin B12-defiency anemia has been challenging due to lack of ”gold standard” and poor sensitivity of total B12 as a first line marker. With the aim of improving diagnostic of anemia investigations at county hospital Ryhov, Jönköping, we performed a method verification for active B12 on ARCHITECT i2000SR and evaluated the usefulness of active B12 in diagnosing anemia. Correlation analysis was performed using samples with different total B12 ranges: low (n=10, <148 pmol/L), grey zone (n=10, 149-200 pmol/L) and normal (n=10, 201-250 pmol/L). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was created and area under the curve (AUC) was calculated for determining accuracy of active B12 using 14 deficiency cases. Coefficient of variation (CV) for within-run and total imprecision, for active B12 was 2,4 % and 4,4 %, respectively. Weak correlation was found between B12-ranges, however a moderate correlation (R=0,600) was found including all groups. Active B12 with the cut-off value of 40 pmol/L resulted in high specificity (75%) and sensitivity (80%) and had an AUC of 90 %. Active B12 assay on ARCHITECT i2000SR allows a precise measurement of active B12 in human serum and therefore is adequate for routine use. Active B12 had high accuracy and can be recommended in anemia investigations in county hospital Ryhov, Jönköping.

  • Hodzic, Ismeta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Fondelius, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Är du redo att arbeta som socionom?: En kvantitativ studie om nuvarande och tidigare socionomstudenters upplevda kunskaper och förberedelser inför arbetslivet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The social work program in Sweden is a generalist education that will prepare students for social working tasks. Our experience is that a lot of social work students are questioning whether their knowledge and preparations from the social work program are enough to prepare them for employment as social workers. The aim of this study is to examine current social work students and newly graduated social workers experience of knowledge and preparedness to work. Different topic areas, form of teaching, and form of examinations are surveyed. Choosing quantitative methods and survey as our instrument, was based on the fact that we wanted to reach more people and get a larger overview of the situation. The study was conducted at School of Health and Welfare in Jönköping, the population was strategically selected based on its relevance of the study topic. 

    The study was conducted with students attending their 6th semester and with social work students who graduated in 2018. Descriptive statistics were computed. The results reveal that knowledge and preparedness are connected, knowledge in one area is linked to preparedness to work with that area. Generally, the respondents are neutral or slightly positive about their preparedness to work. Periods on internship / working placement (VFU) was considered as the form of education that generated the strongest effect on preparedness out of the entire social work program. 

  • Abiib, Mulki
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Cvetkovic, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Utvärdering av instrumentet UF-5000 för automatiserad urinpartikelanalys i en metodjämförelse med manuell mikroskopering av urinsediment2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Microscopy is gold standard for urine sediment analysis, although the method is often insufficiently standardized. Several automated instruments, such as UF-5000, are commercially available on the market. Urine sediment analysis is crucial for diagnosis of kidney and urinary tract diseases where elements such as erythrocytes, leukocytes, epithelial cells, casts and crystals can be identified. Aim: The aim was to evaluate the performance of UF-5000 and compare the method with manual microscopic analysis of urine sediment. Method: Analysis with UF-5000 and microscopy was conducted on 69 samples. Data were processed with Passing Bablok-regression, Bland-Altman bias plot and Spearman's rank order correlation. Result: Comparison showed statistical significance between the two methods. Performance evaluation showed high accuracy apart from the coefficient of variation for low concentration of leukocytes and systematic error for linearity. Discussion: Since microscopy of urine sediment is an insufficiently standardized method, differences were acknowledged caused by discrepancies in the reference method. Further studies where UF-5000 is compared to a more standardized manual microscopy with a larger amount of pathological urine samples is of great importance. Reduction for cut-off may also be relevant. For further analysis of linearity, an additional instrument should be used as a complement.

  • Sigblad, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Gustafsson, Ida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Att hitta en nivå där man möts": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialsekreterares tankar och erfarenheter av att skapa goda relationer med föräldrar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens övergripande syfte har varit att belysa erfarna socialsekreterares tankar och erfarenheter av hur en god relation skapas i inledningen av utredningsprocessen när klienten kommit i kontakt med socialtjänsten via en orosanmälan. Vidare har avsikten varit att identifiera vad som kännetecknar en god relation mellan erfarna socialsekreterare och föräldrar och hur socialsekreterarna kommit fram till sina strategier och förhållningssätt. Följande centrala forskningsfrågor har legat till grund för studien: Vilka strategier och förhållningssätt upplever erfarna socialsekreterare bygger en god relation till föräldrar som blivit aktualiserade hos socialtjänsten via en anmälan? Hur har de erfarna socialsekreterarna kommit fram till sina strategier och förhållningssätt?

    Studien har haft en kvalitativ forskningsansats och utgått från åtta semistrukturerade forskningsintervjuer som fokuserat på att lyfta fram socialsekreterares tankar och erfarenheter av vad som bidrar till att skapa en god relation till föräldrar som blivit kommit i kontakt med socialtjänsten via en orosanmälan. Socialsekreterarnas utsagor har speglats och tolkats med hjälp av tidigare forskning på området, socialkonstruktionistisk teori samt teori om sociala interaktionsritualer.

    Socialsekreterarna i vår studie belyste flera konkreta förhållningssätt och strategier som de anser skapar en god relation till föräldrar som kommit i kontakt med socialtjänsten via en orosanmälan. Socialsekreterarna lyfte fram vikten av att visa respekt för föräldrarnas situation och att skapa förutsättningar för en god kontakt. De beskrev även att flexibilitet och tydlighet under utredningsprocessen underlättar relationsskapandet med föräldrar. Slutligen beskrevs värdet av att föräldrarna upplever att de och socialsekreteraren arbetar mot ett gemensamt mål. Ökad erfarenhet, uppmärksammandet av framgångsfaktorer och personliga egenskaper framställdes av socialsekreterarna som betydande faktorer för hur de kommit fram till sina strategier och förhållningssätt.

  • Lojk, Manca
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    What does it mean to be an English-medium preschool in Sweden?: A case study of how questions of culture are negotiated in a Swedish international preschool2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish demographics have been changing rapidly due to increased migration into the country, which is affecting the education as well. The Swedish preschool curriculum requires teachers to take into account the implications of the increase in cultural diversity of their preschools, however, the Curriculum does not provide concrete suggestions for how to work with the goals and values related to diversity. The aim of this study is to explore what it means to be an international English language school in Sweden, which has to negotiate the twin expectations of the Swedish curriculum to value cultural diversity and in the same time develop/maintain common heritage with a respect to the Swedish preschool curriculum. This case study is based on semi-structured interviews with staff members and two-day observations. Ecological Systems Theory approach has been adopted for interpreting the data. The data revealed that that the staff described various tensions related to their negotiating the demands of the curriculum together with approaches that, were used to balance or resolve these tensions. Two main themes were identified in the analysis: (1) Tools and practices used to negotiate the constraints of the Swedish curriculum and (2) The politics and practicalities of being an English-medium school, concerning language and teacher competencies. The results show that the school appropriated the Curriculum X and the DAT assessment tool, which appears to help them follow the Swedish curriculum’s goals and having them make children’s interests the leading factor in preschool activities. Furthermore, the results indicate that there are contradictions in maintaining an English-language atmosphere. Given the lack of relevant research, future research is needed to address a better understanding of what it means to be a language profile preschool in Sweden.

  • Gohil, Krina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Keinvall, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Fenotypning av trombocytantigen HPA1a med flödescytometri: screening för att finna blodgivare som saknar HPA1a2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    HPA1a is an antigen on the platelet surface that can cause alloimmunization, such as neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia and post transfusion purpura, which can cause severe bleeding symptoms. In case of antibodies against HPA1a, compatible platelets must be available. The purpose of the study was to establish a flow cytometric screening method for phenotyping HPA1a antigen on platelets and to find HPA1a negative donors. Before the flow cytometric analysis, two to five blood samples were pooled into one sample and in the presence of HPA1a negative platelets in the pool, the samples were analyzed individually. Fluorochrome –labeled anti-human antibodies to CD42a and CD61 were used to distinguish HPA1a negative platelets from HPA1a positive. A total of 177 blood samples were phenotyped, of which 7 (4%) were HPA1a negative. Of the seven findings, four samples were genotyped at an external laboratory confirming that they were HPA1a negative. Flow cytometric screening of HPA1a is fast, reliable and suitable for large scale screening. In order to determine the prevalence of HPA1a negative individuals, more extensive studies need to be performed involving a larger population. By having many registered HPA1a negative donors, it can provide opportunities to help patients in other regions.

  • Lundgren, Veronica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Blomstrand, Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Jämförelse mellan färgningsmetoderna manuell van Gieson och automatiserad Trichrome Blue2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sanders, Karen
    "Now I feel much safer in my role and I always have my education to lean on": Examining preschool teacher competence and its relation to education and practice through the eyes of preschool teacher students with prior work experience in early childhood education.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Raising the qualification level for preschool staff is often seen by policymakers as a means of improving the quality of preschool. However, research examining the relation between qualifications of preschool staff and preschool quality has given inconsistent results. This suggests that one’s competence as a teacher is not necessarily reflected by one’s level of teacher qualification. The aim of this study was to contribute to knowledge about preschool teacher competence and its relation to education and practice. This was accomplished through documenting and examining perspectives on preschool teacher competence from currently enrolled Swedish preschool teacher students and recently graduated Swedish preschool teachers, who have prior work experience in early childhood education. In particular, this study focused on gaining a deeper understanding of which competences preschool teacher students and preschool teachers attribute to their education. Interviews were conducted with one preschool teacher education student and two recently graduated preschool teachers. The findings showed three competences reported as important by the participants: critical (self-)reflection, the competence to listen to the children, and the competence to care. Moreover, the participants believed that being confident in one’s profession, knowing why they are doing what they are doing, and the competence to reflect are competences gained in preschool teacher education. Lastly, the participants described a connection between theory and practice, which suggest that students with prior work experience do not experience a ‘reality gap’ between their education and the practical field. The research conducted in this study contributes to what is known about teacher competence and, more specifically, it gives more insight into the development of competence in preschool teacher education. 

  • Eklund, Johannes
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vi möts för människan med psykisk ohälsa: En studie av samverkan mellan kommun och landsting inom habiliterings- och rehabiliteringsinsatser för människor med psykisk ohälsa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Lindh, Andréa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Jämförelse mellan konventionell utstryksmetod och vätskebaserad ThinPrepmetod vid preparering av etanolfixerade exsudat2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Preparation of effusions for cytological evaluation can be performed with different methods. Conventional smears are performed by spreading the sample directly onto a slide while liquid-based ThinPrep method prepares the sample in an automated process. The aim of this study was to compare conventional smears with liquid-based ThinPrep preparation, with additional acetic acid, of effusions fixated with ethanol. A total of 34 samples of pleural effusions and ascites were included. The samples were prepared with conventional smears and two versions of the ThinPrep method, ThinPrep method 1 and ThinPrep method 2. The preparations were examined by two cytotechnologists based on five criteria; occurrence of cells, occurrence of inflammatory cells, cell morphology, background material and the presence of atypical or malignant cells. The results showed that ThinPrep method 2 obtained equivalent and, in some aspects, even better results compared to conventional smears. In general, the ThinPrep method has several advantages compared to the conventional smears. In particular, it is timesaving when examining the slides, which also benefits the patients. A more comprehensive study is recommended to confirm the results of this study.

  • Estberg, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Dulic, Mirela
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Jämförelse av Fluidigm-PCR och realtids-PCR vid detektion av Rickettsia spp.: Samt undersökning av risken att drabbas av infektion efter bett av rickettsiainfekterad fästing2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tick-borne infections are increasing, including infections caused by Rickettsia spp. The aim of this study was to examine the risk of developing an infection after being bitten by a tick infected with Rickettsia spp. Specificity and sensitivity of a Fluidigm-PCR assay were compared to real time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) assay when detecting Rickettsia spp. in ticks that had bitten humans. Possible correlation between the tick's feeding time and seroconversion against Rickettsia spp. was also investigated. A total of 753 ticks from 104 participants in Sweden and the Åland Islands (Finland) were analyzed with real-time PCR to detect the gltA gene specific for Rickettsia spp. 3.5 % of the samples were positive for Rickettsia spp. with real-time PCR, while only 1.3 % of the samples were positive with Fluidigm-PCR. Calculations showed that Fluidigm-PCR assay has lower specificity and sensitivity than the real-time PCR assay. Unfortunately, no conclusions could be drawn considering correlation between the tick's feeding time and seroconversion of the bitten humans since no participants who had seroconverted had also submitted ticks containing Rickettsia spp. Therefore, no conclusions could be drawn considering the risk of developing an infection after being bitten by a tick infected with Rickettsia spp.

  • Chahrour, Yasmin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Ishak, Helen
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Fyllnadsnivåers påverkan, tidsförlängning innan analys och blodprovers stabilitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Ionized calcium concentrations decrease when samples are exposed to air. Due to pre-analytical factors, the 4 hour time limit for analysis of standard bicarbonate, can sometimes be exceeded. There is limited documentation about additional analyses on post-analytic decapped serum samples stored at room temperature. Aim: The aim was to examine how lower sample volumes affect the concentration of ionized calcium, if the time limit for analysis of standard bicarbonate on whole blood can be prolonged and how long decapped serum samples can be stored at room temperature for eventual additional analyses. Methods: The concentration of ionized calcium was analyzed on serum samples filled with 1 mL and 2 mL and were compared to maximally filled samples. Refrigerated whole blood samples were analyzed for standard bicarbonate after 4-7 hours. Ten biochemical analytes were measured in decapped serum samples after 2-8 hours of storage at room temperature. The mean percentage deviation was compared to an analytical and biological imprecision limit to determine analyte stability. Results and conclusions: Ionized calcium concentrations in lower sample volumes were reliable. The stability of standard bicarbonate could not be determined, therefore a longer possible time limit could not be recommended. The biochemical analytes were stable for 8 hours.

  • Åkerman, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Sayfawi, Refel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Etablering av MALDI-TOF MS och webbaserad referensdatabas för identifiering av dermatofyter och mögelsvamp2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to establish Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry(MALDI-TOF MS) and the online database Mass Spectrometry identification platform(MSI) as a method for identification of dermatophytes and molds. The fungi were incubated 3 or 6 days aerobic in 30°C on Sabouraud dextrose agar. Two different extraction methods were used before analysis with MALDI-TOF MS. Spectra analyzed with Flexcontrol version 3.4 resulted in score values. The same spectra was later sent for analysis with MSI and the result obtained was seen as probability in percent. Of the original 23 samples a total of 22(95,6%) samples were identified after 3 or 6 days of incubation and by extraction method 1 or 2.  The MSI database was more comprehensive than the internal database, but did not use the current fungi names. The necessity of species identification can be questioned, since dermatophytes and molds within the same genera is treated the same way. Species identification for immunosuppressed patients could however be significant. The study was successful and the methods will be applied within a near future in the Clinical Microbiology laboratory in Halmstad.

  • Nilsson, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Jämförelse av CIN-agar och CHROMagar Y. enterocolitica vid identifiering av humanpatogena Yersinia enterocolitica2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Pathogenic strains of Yersinia enterocolitica can cause acute gastroenteritis in humans. To identify the bacterium, cultivation of stool samples on CIN-agar are performed. A chromogenic medium has been developed that differentiate between pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains of Y. enterocolitica. The purpose is to compare and evaluate two CIN-agar, with agar bases and supplements from two companies (Liofilchem and Oxoid), and CHROMagar Y. enterocolitica (CHROMagar). Growth of stool samples and serial dilutions of six Y. enterocolitica strains and one strain of Y. pseudotuberculosis were performed. Comparisons of the growth and inhibition of other bacteria were done for the stool samples. Colonies for each dilution were counted and appearance of the colonies was evaluated. The result indicates that a difference in inhibitory effect on Y. enterocolitica and appearance of colonies exist between the two CIN-agar. All strains grew with larger colonies on Oxoid CIN-agar than on Liofilchem’s. Oxoid CIN-agar and CHROMagar have a lower inhibitory effect on Y. enterocolitica than Liofilchem’s. On CHROMagar, the pathogenic strains grew with mauve colonies, whilst the nonpathogenic strains grew with blue colonies. Thus, the conclusion is that CHROMagar and Oxoid CIN-agar have less inhibitory effect on Y. enterocolitica than Liofilchem’s. CHROMagar can differentiate between pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains. 

  • Nádasdy, Ramóna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Working with Students with Special Needs in Forest Pedagogy: Pedagogues’ Practices in i Ur och Skur preschools in Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to gain insight into Swedish preschool pedagogues’ conceptualization who work with a special outdoor learning concept, of including children with special needs within their groups. Sweden is a country which is famous for its “education for all” policy, however there is a little to know about the presence of children with special needs in the preschool setting. Children with special needs often risk being isolated as a result of limitations in the number of activities available for them in school. Although various studies examined both the effect of time spent outdoors, both inclusion’s positive effect on children with special needs. Interviews were conducted with four preschool pedagogues who work in the i Ur och Skur preschool, the outdoor education approach popular in Scandinavia. Sociocultural theory was applied as a conceptual framework for analysis of the interview transcripts. The pedagogues demonstrated to support inclusion of children with special needs in preschool activities. The pedagogues showed more willingness to include children with cognitive impairment or neurodevelopmental disorders, than with physical disabilities. Among their concerns, issues of safety, weather and the outdoor activities potential for highlighting differences in skills and abilities (mostly physical) were mentioned. In order to adapt the settings and practices to be more inclusive for children with special needs, pedagogues proposed including extra personnel to provide assistance.

  • Csányi, Sarolta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Developing social interactions through outdoor education in multicultural preschool settings: Teachers’ perspectives2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify and investigate preschool teachers’ experiences and views on the role of outdoor education on social interactions. The research questions were: How do the teachers conceptualize outdoor activities’ role on social interactions in multicultural preschool settings? How do the teachers foster social interactions through outdoor education? What kind of challenges have the teachers faced regarding outdoor education in multicultural preschool groups? Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five preschool teachers from three different preschools in a multicultural suburb in southern Sweden. The results showed that – despite children’s possible aversions to engaging in activities in the outdoors - outdoor activities are supportive of the development of closer bonds within the group. According to the teachers interviewed, the natural settings bring calmness and openness, therefore this environment facilitates social interactions among children. The lack of strictly preplanned activities offer children opportunities to follow their interests and to have shared experiences through the discovery of nature. Their willingness for collaborative explorations is a basis for joint play, discussion and group work.

  • Schelin, Enya
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Kronberg, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Vi är skyldiga att vara intresserade av barnen": En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares användning av populärkultur i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur förskollärare beskriver att de använder sig av populärkultur i förskolan och hur de förhåller sig till den. Studiens frågeställningar berör förskollärarnas förhållningssätt och arbetssätt med populärkultur i arbete med barnen. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i förskollärarnas beskrivningar av arbetet med populärkultur, utifrån den fenomenologiska teorin som synliggör människors föreställningar, tankar och åsikter. En kvalitativ forskningsmetod har använts där insamling av empiri har utgått från fokusgruppintervjuer. Resultatet visar att förskollärarna upplever populärkulturen både som en resurs och som ett hinder i verksamheten. Förskollärarnas värderingar och normer av populärkulturen påverkar vilken populärkultur som väljs att arbeta med i förskolan samt hur den ska användas. Genom öppna diskussioner tillsammans med barn och kollegor synliggörs normer och värderingar om populärkulturella artefakter. I diskussion och kommunikation kring dessa artefakter möjliggör lärande situationer för både barn och vuxna där populärkulturen skapar en gemensam faktor mellan alla parter.

    Vår förhoppning med studien är att bidra till forskning om populärkulturens inverkan och position i förskolan. Vi hoppas även att yrkessamma inom förskolan, som tar del av studien, får en större medvetenhet och förståelse för arbetet med populärkultur samt hur egna normer kan påverka arbetet med detta fenomen i verksamheten.    

  • Lägervik, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Dujmovic, Mirela
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Vi är inte bara förskollärare": En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares perspektiv kring samverkan med nyanlända vårdnadshavare i svensk förskola2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att få ökad kunskap om hur förskollärare arbetar kring samverkan med nyanlända vårdnadshavare i svensk förskola. Studiens frågeställningar berör arbetssätt för att skapa goda relationer med nyanlända vårdnadshavare och utmaningar som förskollärare möter kring samverkan med nyanlända vårdnadshavare. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt berör det sociokulturella perspektivet där sociala samspel är en bidragande faktor för att lärande och utveckling ska ske. En kvalitativ forskningsmetod användes där insamling av empiri utgick ifrån tre fokusgrupper.

    Studiens resultat visar att i arbetet med att skapa goda relationer med nyanlända vårdnadshavare är det av vikt att vara en närvarande, engagerad och tydlig förskollärare, då det i vissa fall kan vara deras första möte med svensk kultur. Vidare framgår det att förskollärare använder sig av olika medierande redskap exempelvis internetbaserade hjälpmedel till översättning. Föräldraaktivintroduktion och förlängd inskolning beskrivs som arbetssätt för att möjliggöra nyanlända vårdnadshavares inflytande och delaktighet och därmed insyn i verksamheten. Språk- och kultur barriärer samt otillräcklig bakgrundinformation om nyanlända vårdnadshavare är två utmaningar som framkommer i resultatet av studien.

  • Pauliuc, Denisa Catalina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Fu, Yao
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    A study on the attachment in between owner and pet and its influence on the consumption of pet food2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • van Dormalen, Laura
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kleesattel, Sophia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The Consumer Journey to Adapt a Zero-Waste Lifestyle: A Transtheoretical Approach2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Palm, Adam
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Kokko, Veera
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Visual comfort in nursing rooms, from a patient’s perspective2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The awareness regarding important aspects of how to plan and design healthcare environments is something that is constantly progressing. Even though these environments can be seen as complex, the knowledge and understanding of its many different users is often taken into consideration in today’s planning. Several studies have shown positive effects on the visual performance among the hospital staff but also positive effects regarding visual comfort that facilitates recovery and well-being among patients. However, when planning lighting in healthcare environments today, the focus often lies on providing good lighting qualities regarding the visual performance of the hospital staff and the patients are, by that, not taken in consideration to the same level of extent. Therefore this study was focused on analyzing if certain demands could be set on lighting in a nursing room, to improve the experience of visual comfort, from a patient perspective, while using two different lighting scenarios.

    The thesis has been conducted using an already approved and widely used method Evidence based design (EBD) through a literature study, a pre-study, and an experiment. This to evaluate and develop an innovative design to facilitate visual comfort from a patient's perspective. The visual parameters that the experiment has been focusing on are glare, luminance, contrasts, shadows, lighting principles, and the perception of objects. These parameters have been evaluated from a sitting, standing and lying position in two different lighting scenarios, developed from the hypothesis, without access to daylight. A healthcare environment has a number of different users, that all use the facilities in different ways. Therefore it was important that the innovative design, constructed for the experiment, did not compromise the visual comfort or need of light for the other users. A questionnaire was created, based on the visual parameters, to help answer the research questions. The experiment had a total of 30 participants, where each participant answered the questionnaire six times, one for each position and a total of three times in each lighting scenario.  

    The results were compiled and the mean values were analyzed to evaluate differences and similarities between the two lighting scenarios and between the positions. The results of the experiment show that there are certain demands that can be set on the artificial lighting in a nursing room, and it also shows that it is of great importance to plan for a various lighting environment since it can enhance the experience of visual comfort. Despite this, it is important for a lighting designer to carefully analyze and evaluate the patient's need for light in the specific ward that is being designed. To achieve a sustainable lighting solution it is important to remember that all the sustainability factors, such as the social, economic and environmental factors, are equally important to create a sustainable development.

  • Hedblom Olsson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Koutcho, Dolvina Dalia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Fastighetsförvaltande företags syn på BIM-användning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: New working methods are demanded as there is an increasing digitalization needed amongst the facility management industry. The information needs to be searchable and accessible for the user. To get the result wanted a reciprocally approach, that describe where and how the information should be managed, is required. In this case, the tool needed to get the desirable result is considered to be BIM. There are difficulties to understand the true opportunities and effects of using BIM, within the facility management industry, as well as where it can be used. The aim of this study is to examine how facility management corporations have chosen to invest in the implementation of BIM, as well how they contemplate on the use of BIM in the aspect of management.

    Method: Three methods were used to complete this study. In order to complete the theoretical framework a literature study was used. Furthermore an observation study was performed to get a wider perspective in how BIM is used in the management stage. Finally semi structured interviews were performed to obtain an ingoing perspective in how BIM contributes to the property management business.

    Findings: The outcome of the study indicates that the facility management business interpreters BIM differently. As a result the outlook of how BIM should be implemented, used and performed differs. The functions mentioned in the survey were; operation and maintenance, streamlining of work methods, optimizing premises, reducing environmental impact, increased security as well as the opportunity to visualize and analyze the buildings. All the respondents had a positive attitude towards using BIM and saw a value in implementing BIM in the companies.

    Implications: The study indicates that there are difficulties with the implication of BIM as the idea of BIM does not have a distinct definition, this may cause communication difficulties within the companies, as well as externally between the operators and their work stages. A distinctive definition of what BIM means, together with the strategies and ambitions within the companies could contribute to a simpler implementation of BIM at management stage.

    Limitations: The survey has been delimited to only interviewing facility management business, which have been consciously chosen to invest in implementing BIM. The survey does not take into account the dilemma of transferring information between BIM and the databases of the facility managements

  • Roos, Rebecka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Svensson, Ellinor
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Inkludering som görs bara för att, den är inte så bra...": En kvalitativ intervjustudie med lärare i fritidshem om inkludering2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att ta reda på hur lärare i fritidshem arbetar med inkludering och hur verksamheten planeras för att ge alla elever möjlighet att delta utifrån sina förutsättningar. För att svara på syftet utgick studien ifrån tre forskningsfrågor: Hur definierar lärare i fritidshem begreppet inkludering? Hur arbetar lärare i fritidshem med inkludering? Hur beskriver lärare i fritidshem de svårigheter och utvecklingsmöjligheter som finns gällande ett inkluderande arbetssätt? För att besvara dessa frågor använde vi kvalitativ metod och intervjuer. Sex lärare i fritidshem intervjuades för att få svar på hur de ser på inkludering och hur de själva anser att de arbetar inkluderande. I studien framkom det att begreppet inkludering tolkas på flera olika sätt. En tolkning var att begreppet handlar om tillhörighet där de intervjuade nämnde ord som trygghet och gemenskap. En annan tolkning var att begreppet handlar om delaktighet, att alla elever är delaktiga. Det framkom även att svårigheten med ett inkluderande arbetssätt ofta är kopplat till bristen på personal och tid samt att man på fritidshemmen har stora barngrupper och att resurspersoner inte finns tillgängliga på eftermiddagarna. Flera av de intervjuade pratade även om hur viktigt det är att inkludera alla elever, även de som inte är i behov av särskilt stöd. Fritidslärarna förklarade att de arbetar inkluderande genom att bland annat ta vara på elevernas intresse och behov vid planeringar för att få eleverna att vilja delta i aktiviteterna.

  • Risbourg, Julie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Breaking the 'glass ceiling': A Critical Discourse Analysis of how powerful businesswomen are portrayed in The Economist online2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Wulff, Sofie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Uthas, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Kommer förskoleklassen bli den nya ettan?: En kvalitativ studie om att lärare befinner sig i ett gränsland mellan förskola och skola2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att vinna kunskap om hur lärare inom förskola och förskoleklass uppfattar övergången mellan förskola och förskoleklass. Fokuset har varit på möjligheter och hinder lärarna upplever vid övergången mellan förskola och förskoleklass, lärarnas uppfattningar kring leken för barn och elever samt vilka eventuella konsekvenser lärarna anser det kan bli när förskoleklassen blir obligatorisk.

    Vi valde att använda oss av tre fokusgrupper för att samla in vår empiri och det var endast förskollärare som deltog i vår studie. Fokusgrupperna består av Flora där tre lärare deltog, Azalea där fyra lärare deltog och Timotej där två lärare deltog. Empirin analyserades genom en tematisk analysmetod där begreppen social (dis-) kontinuitet, progression samt gränsland har fungerat som analysbegrepp.

    Resultatet visar att lärarna upplever att de befinner sig i ett gränsland mellan förskola och skola. En av anledningarna till detta är att lärarna i förskoleklassen arbetar i en verksamhet där både förskolans och skolans traditioner ska mötas. Detta resulterar i att lärarna i förskoleklassen inte har möjlighet att endast fokusera på sin egen verksamhet fullt ut. Lärarna diskuterar även kring de eventuella konsekvenser det kan medföra att förskoleklassen blir obligatorisk då det framkommer i vårt resultat att lärarna är oroliga för att det endast i framtiden kommer arbeta grundskollärare i förskoleklassen. De ser också förändringar i barns och elevers lek. En förändring är att barn och elever har svårt att hålla ihop leken längre stunder.

  • Bönke, Michaela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Gustafsson, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Ljus, ett samspel mellan visuell perception & rörelse2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Light comprises our visual perception that lets us experience and understand our surroundings. By studying how light affects us, our physical and emotional experience, the knowledge can be used as a tool within performing arts. The interaction between physical elements, the director, choreographer, and the performer on stage encompasses the final result. As a part, more consideration should be given to how us humans integrate, navigate and get affected by light. Regardless of the environment or conditions, light always has a natural position as an influential factor. The fact that light with its qualities could work aesthetically and functionally as a guiding feature is something that could be considered to work interdisciplinary. I.e. used in the composition of the stage narrative, or in the design of urban environments. In this study, thirteen professional dancers are seen in a lighting laboratory in three different lighting scenes. The experiment aims to see how different light scenes affect movement, as well as create an understanding of what establishes the ruling behaviour. To examine these factors, a positioning system is used, as well as half structured interviews. The results show that light and the shifting of light affects the performer on stage in a way that influences the movements and inspires the exploration of given space. The overall results show that a pattern can be found to present how the participants move in the room and the differences between how the room is utilised depending on the particular lighting scenes. The positioning system discovered that the light leads the improvised dance to a great degree and these findings were later confirmed by the interviews. What the dancers visually perceive influences how they interpret the given space which, furthermore, influences their movement.

  • Holm, Karolina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication. Jönköpings Länstrafik.
    Hur elever resonerar om kommutativitet i numeriska uttryck2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the curriculum, students in elementary school should develop their understanding of the different properties of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. One property is commutativity for addition. Which means that the terms’ spatial position does not change the sum. A solid understanding of the commutative property is of importance in arithmetic but also in algebra. This qualitative study is based on interviews with ten students in second grade. The purpose of the study is to investigate how students reason when they meet sequences with commutative and non-commutative expressions. The result is that students tend to describe commutativity by focusing on either the sum, the terms or the operation. Students in the study also overgeneralize the commutative property to expression with subtraction.

  • Malmqvist, Elina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Allt är inte så svart eller vitt: En kvalitativ studie om hur lärare inkluderar critical literacy i undervisningen.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The first chapter of the curriculum describes the school’s obligations, which partly implies that students after they graduate, should reason and discuss on the basis of knowledge and ethical considerations express viewpoints and so indicate a critical approach (Skolverket, 2017d, s.13). A critical approach can be developed thru critical literacy. The purpose of this thesis is therefor to study how working teachers in primary- and middle school are working in order to develop critical literacy. The study are based on the research questions:

    -Within which areas in teaching are critical literacy brought up? 

    -Which tools are used to develop critical literacy?

    -What do teachers consider is their role in teaching that concerns critical literacy? 

     

    The thesis is based on interviews with four teachers. The interviews are semi-structured and the teachers have been selected by available range. The result shows that gender, ethic, culture and norms are aspects that the teachers handle in relation to the school subjects art, general science, social science and Swedish. The teachers brought up different types of tools that can be helpful while developing critical literacy, for example discussions, iPads, books, pictures and educational material were mentioned. The results also shows that there are factors that the teachers have to consider and these were the pupils, planning and time for planning and also that they hade to be role models by having a critical approach. 

  • Bell, Jordan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    A presidential mouthpiece: How Fox News reflect Donald Trump and his government's stance on North Korea within their online discourse2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Forsberg, Lotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Xenophobic responses on social media: the case of Donald Trump: Political Communication and Xenophobia on Social Media2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    President Trump’s communication style is different than his predecessors and his colleagues in the political arena. He mainly communicates through social media, whether it is with other presidents, his followers or enemies. Moreover, Trump’s style of practicing politics is often referred to as populism. One of the features of populism is the sympathy for nationalism or xenophobic nationalism (Mudde 2013;2014). Therefore, this study tries to find out whether there are differences in xenophobic comments on the three main social media platforms of Donald Trump – Twitter, Facebook and Instagram. In total, thirty comments were analysed classified amongst the three social media platforms and divided into the category of either ‘political’ or ‘non-political’. Findings show that the relation between Trump’s social media pages and xenophobia are related to intergroup anxiety and negative stereotypes (Stephan and Stephan, 2000). Furthermore, this study does not prove that there are differences in xenophobic comments between a political and a non-political post. However, it does conclude that Trump’s Facebook was the only social media platform that did not show any xenophobic comments, compared to the other two social media platforms that were analysed.

  • Sidenvall, Josef
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Gustavsson, Matilda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Påverkar skon styvheten i ankel-fotortoser?: En funktionell analys2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Variation in stiffness against dorsal- and/or plantarflexion in an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) can affect the kinematics and kinetics of the knee and ankle in people with cerebral pares and post-stroke. The knowledge of whether the shoe influence the overall stiffness in a limb-AFO-shoe-complex is limited. A previous study has investigated the subject but used a bench-analysis to address the question.

    Objective: The objective of the study was to use functional-analysis to investigate the influence of shoe-choice on the overall stiffness in a limb-AFO-shoe-complex in the sagittal-plane.

    Study Design: Crossover study.

    Methods: Gait analysis was performed on five healthy participants who wore three different AFO-shoecombinations. Data about the ankleangle and anklemoment was extracted to calculate the stiffness of each AFO-shoecombination. The stiffness’ were compared in four different intervals.

    Results: There was a difference in stiffness between the AFO-shoecombinations. The stiffness’ varied between 0,0314–0,1652 Nm/° during the different intervals. Which AFO-shoecombination that had the highest stiffness also varied during the extracted phase. The biggest difference in stiffness between two shoes was 49,6%.

    Conclusions: Stiffness in a limb-AFO-shoe-complex may depend on the shoechoice in healthy individuals. Only small differences were observed between the different AFO-shoecombinations, thus the results’ clinical relevance can be questioned.

  • Hallstedt, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Runesson, Jessika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Kinetisk validering av den inverterade pendelmodellen för transfemoralt amputerade2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is known that transfemoral prosthesis users lack normal balance control and are more likely to fall. Research on this topic is insufficient. The Inverted Pendulum Model (IPM) is a commonly used biomechanical model for assessment of balance and postural control for healthy individuals based on an assumption that Center of Pressure (CoP) and Center of Mass (CoM) are inter-dependent. The aim of the study is to validate IPM kinetically for transfemoral prosthesis users.

    Method: Amputees (n=5) and a control group (n=5) participated. During data collection, participants stood on two force plates with eyes open, eyes closed and with weight-bearing feedback. Correlation of the distance CoP-CoM and CoMacc were calculated for anteroposterior and mediolateral directions and evaluated with three-way ANOVA.

    Result: Results showed significant interaction effects between condition and position plus group and position in anteroposterior direction and condition and group in mediolateral direction.

    Conclusion: Results indicate kinetic validity of IPM for transfemoral amputees when looking at the whole body but not at the amputated side in the A/P direction. Kinetic validity of IPM for the intact leg is questionable.

  • Jensen, Anne-Mette
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Effekten af Silversplints til personer med Ehlers-Danlos syndrom og hypermobilitet målt på håndfunktion og mentalt arbejde. Et crossover kontrolleret pilotstudie.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [da]

    Introduktion: Silversplints til personer med hypermobil Ehlers-Danlos syndrom er blevet udbredt i Danmark, men der findes ingen dokumenteret evidens for fingerortoserne til denne målgruppe. Hypermobilitet gør simple greb krævende og indikerer, at personer med EDS bruger væsentligt mere mental opmærksomhed på simple håndbevægelser sammenlignet med raske personer.

    Formål: Formålet med studiet var at undersøge effekten af silversplints til personer med EDS og hypermobilitet målt på henholdsvis håndfunktion og den mentale arbejdsbyrde præfrontalt.

    Metode: 5 deltagere med EDS samt 5 matchede kontrolpersoner blev rekrutteret. Den relative koncentration af O2Hb og HHb præfrontalt blev målt med fNIRS under Box and Block testen samt 3 øvrige modificerede håndfunktionstest. Målinger af deltagerne med EDS blev foretaget under to konditioner; uden og med silversplints.

    Resultat: fNIRS målingerne viste en signifikant reducering af den relative O2Hb koncentration og en tilsvarende signifikant øgning af den relative HHb koncentration ved anvendelsen af silversplints kontra ingen ortoser. Box and Block testen viste en signifikant forskel ved de to konditioner, og mens skrivetesten demonstrerede en signifikant forskel mellem deltagerne med EDS og kontrolgruppen.

    Konklusion: Silversplints reducerer den mentale arbejdsbyrde ved personer med EDS.

  • Svensk, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Lång, Josefin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Activity and participation at home and in the community for individuals using lower limb prostheses: A qualitative study conducted in Kiribati2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Kiribati has one of the highest rates of diabetes in the world. A major consequence of diabetes is amputation which creates a demand for prosthetic and orthotic services. It is well established that people with amputations who do not have access to a prosthesis experience difficulties with their mobility and participation in society. Aim: To describe activity and participation at home and in the community for individuals who have received a lower limb prosthesis in Kiribati. Method: This study is based on qualitative interviews using a semi-structured approach with seven participants from Kiribati who have been fitted with lower-limb prostheses. Recorded interviews were performed. Results: The study yielded two main categories which led to the participants becoming more independent: the effect of mobility and the importance of relationships. Conclusion: Activity and participation increased in individuals who use a prosthesis as a result of diabetes type 2, compared to those who do not use a prosthesis. Prosthetic use contributes to increased mobility, which affects activity and participation, in turn leading to greater satisfaction in life. Caution should be taken with regard to these conclusions because the gender distribution did not meet the requirements for variation, making it difficult to generalize the results to the population.

  • Hansen, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Holm, Tommy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Deponering i hjärnvävnad med gadoliniumbaserade kontrastmedel: En systematisk litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I magnetisk resonanstomografi (MR) är kontrastmedel baserat på gadolinium vanligast. Den senaste forskningen har visat att gadolinium kan lagras långvarigt i hjärnvävnad. Röntgensjuksköterskan administrerar vanligtvis kontrastmedlet till patienten vid undersökningen. 

    Syfte: Syftet är att belysa deponering av gadolinium i hjärnvävnaderna nucleus dentatus och globus pallidus efter administrering av gadoliniumbaserade kontrastmedel samt eventuella risker till följd av deponeringen.

    Metod: Litteraturstudien inkluderar 16 vetenskapliga artiklar varav den äldsta artikeln är från 2014. Sökningen av artiklarna gjordes via Jönköpings högskolebibliotek och har kvalitetsgranskats av författarna.

    Resultat: Deponering i hjärnvävnad kunde påvisas bland linjära gadoliniumbaserade kontrastmedel. Liknande mätning med makrocykliska kontrastmedel gav ej samstämmiga resultat. Risker av deponeringen kunde ej påvisas.

    Slutsats: En litteraturstudie som belyser deponeringsrisker kring användandet av gadoliniumbaserade kontrastmedel. Verksamma röntgensjuksköterskor bör ha kunskap om dessa deponeringsrisker vid administrering av gadoliniumbaserat kontrastmedel.

  • Lidzèn, Christian
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Smedberg, Erik
    Jönköping University.
    Sonografers förmåga att göra en korrekt bedömning efter utförd ultraljudsundersökning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete handlar om en relativt ny profession på den svenska arbetsmarknaden, men desto större utomlands, nämligen sonografer. För att som röntgensjuksköterska kunna arbeta som sonograf i Sverige krävs vidareutbildning inom medicinskt ultraljud. Efter avklarad utbildning får sonografen utföra ultraljudsundersökningar på egen hand och dessutom genomföra den preliminära granskningen av undersökningen. Med ökad läkarbrist och ökade krav på mer radiografisk utredning är sonografen en resurs som kan avlasta radiologen och dom radiologiska klinikerna. Arbetet har utformats som en systematisk litteraturstudie med syftet att jämföra sonografers förmåga gällande bedömning och utlåtande gentemot radiologer och andra specialistläkare inom ultraljudsundersökningar. Författarna har sökt artiklar och studier om ämnet i flertalet databaser med hjälp av olika sökord som kan relateras till syftet. Studier och artiklar har sedan valts ut och kvalitetsgranskats för att värdesätta dess trovärdighet.  Resultatet presenteras i två olika tabeller utefter två olika metoder. Sammanlagt inkluderades 13 stycken artiklar i resultatet, dessa var utförda utanför Sveriges gränser, i länder där sonografen är ett vanligt inslag i vården. Resultatet visar att sonografer håller en hög kvalité gällande bedömning och utlåtande efter utförd ultraljudsundersökning. Med hänsyn till ökad läkarbrist motiverar resultatet ökad diskussion om sonografers användningsområden och yrkesroll inom svensk sjukvård.

  • Heiskanen, Cassandra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Bengtsson, Victoria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    A study of radiographer student´s knowledge about hygiene aspects: A comparative study in Vietnam and Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is important to have good hygiene in healthcare. Studies have shown that bad hygiene among healthcare professionals can lead to spread of bacteria and microorganisms, which in turn can lead to healthcare-associated infections. To counteract this there are established routines, laws and regulations, as basic hygiene routines.

     

    Purpose: To study the knowledge of hygiene aspects in patient-related work among radiographer students in Vietnam and Sweden.

     

    Method: A quantitative study with descriptive statistics and statistical tests, data was collected through surveys and observations. The number of participants in the survey was 100 students, 50 in Vietnam and 50 in Sweden. The observations were conducted on 12 students at a hospital in Vietnam. Data was analyzed in SPSS and then described in text and tables.

     

    Results: The students had relatively good knowledge of hygiene aspects, but the results showed that things could be improved in Sweden and Vietnam. There was insufficient knowledge about the use of plastic apron and the use of jewelry such as watches. The students were careful to fixed their hair, have clean work clothes and wear plastic gloves at risk of contact with body fluids.

     

    Conclusion: The study shows that there are similarities and differences among the students in both countries. There are areas that can be improved in the countries because knowledge and basic hygiene routines underlie the spread of healthcare-associatedinfections

  • Ström, Mathilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Karlsson, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Patientstråldosjämförelse vid 100 kV CT-pulmonalis och 80 kV CT-pulmonalis: En kvantitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis