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  • Hugo, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hedegaard, Joel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Folkhögskolan som inkluderande miljöför deltagare med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Folkhögskolan lyfts ofta fram som ett gott exempel då det gäller utbildning riktadtill personer med olika former av funktionsnedsättningar. Det här har väcktintresset för vad det är som gör att folkhögskolan lyckas med dessa deltagare.Hedegaard och Hugo har i tidigare studier funnit att personer med högfungerandeautism är en grupp i behov av anpassning av utbildningssammanhangetför att det ska fungera och i den här rapporten fördjupar vi oss i hur deltagare,lärare och rektorer ser på verksamhet riktad till personer med neuropsykiatriskafunktionsnedsättningar, främst de med diagnosen högfungerande autism. Syftetmed rapporten är att beskriva hur folkhögskolan fungerar som stödjande miljöför deltagare i denna målgrupp utifrån tre perspektiv: ett deltagarperspektiv, ettlärarperspektiv och ett rektorsperspektiv. Det insamlade materialet består av: 1)21 forskningsintervjuer med deltagare som går kurser och linjer anpassade förunga vuxna med högfungerande autism. 2) Tre fokusgruppintervjuer med lärareoch övrig pedagogisk personal som arbetar med deltagare med högfungerandeautism. 3) 19 telefonintervjuer med rektorer på folkhögskolor som har kurser ochlinjer för deltagare med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar. Slutsatserna irapporten kan sammanfattas i följande punkter:

    Deltagarna beskriver att ...

    – de trivs och känner sig trygga på folkhögskolan

    – de upplever sig sedda, bekräftade och förstådda

    – undervisningen är anpassad för dem och att de kan lyckas i sina studier,framträdande är upplevelsen av tydliga strukturer i undervisningen ochförutsägbarhet

    – folkhögskolan har förmågan att möta varje individ individuellt, vilketinnebär mindre stress än i tidigare skolformer

    – de genomgår en personlig utveckling under sin tid på folkhögskolan.

    Lärare och övrig pedagogisk personal beskriver att ...

    – kommunikativa och praktiska stödfunktioner är centrala för att stödjafokus på utbildning

    – en mycket strukturerad undervisning med förutsägbarhet möjliggör att dessa deltagare kan ta till sig innehållet

    – det egna boendet är en viktig del i den personliga utvecklingen

    – det ofta krävs en omställningstid för att vänja sig vid att bo själv innandet blir fart på studierna på folkhögskolan.

    Rektorerna beskriver att ...

    – struktur och stabilitet är nödvändigt för att utbildningen ska fungera fördeltagare med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar

    – bemötandet av varje individ är en central del av att få utbildningen attfungera

    – utveckling av både lärares och deltagares förmågor är centralt

    – ett förhållningssätt som betonar ett kontinuerligt lärande i organisationenmöjliggör anpassning och förändring

    Sammanfattningsvis kan sägas att deltagare, lärare och rektorer på olika sätt betonaratt det handlar om att förstå individens hela sammanhang för att kunna få tillett lärande som bidrar till att individen växer. Ett avgränsat fokus på klassrummetoch kursinnehållet är alltså för snävt för gruppen deltagare med neuropsykiatriskafunktionsnedsättningar och högfungerande autism. Deltagare, lärare och rektorerär också eniga om vikten av tydliga och styrande men individanpassade strukturer.Genom att det är vanligt med inackordering under studierna på folkhögskolaär det möjligt att ta ett helhetsgrepp kring individernas utveckling och där bidrarall personal på folkhögskolan på olika sätt. Att ge tydlig styrning av studierna kandock krocka med lärare och rektorers idéer om eget ansvar och självständighet ilinje med folkbildningens grundprincip att det ska vara ”fritt och frivilligt”. Vi harockså noterat en viss skillnad mellan att deltagarna ser socialpedagogerna somcentrala och viktiga för att ta tag i studierna medan lärare och rektorer har en idéom att det behövs fler specialpedagoger. Slutligen kan vi konstatera att ett individfokusoch en ansats som ser till hela människan är i linje med det som brukarbeskrivas som folkbildningens unika kultur.

  • Andersson, Isabelle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Berggren, Erica
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    "Det är en enormt stor utmaning": Biståndshandläggares erfarenheter av att möta äldre med psykisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Fransson Wetter, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    ”In this case FIFA is the damaged party”: En kvalitativ analys av FIFA:s kriskommunikationsstrategier och retoriska uttryck i samband med mutskandalen 20152019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A crisis can affect any organization at any time. If the crisis has been caused by members of the organization, it is very likely that the organization may also undergo an organizational crisis of confidence. The following study is about Féderation Internationale de Football Associations (Fifa’s) scandal that was discovered in the spring of 2015. In the study, Fifa's rhetorical expression and crisis strategies around the scandal, as well as their ongoing work to regain their confidence, will be analyzed through a qualitative method. The study's analysis tool consists of a custom version of Bröms, Gelang and Mral’s rhetorical analysis model, as well as Coomb's recommendations on crisis strategies. The material analyzed in the study is collected from Fifa's own channels and consists of a press conference, which was Fifa's first public statement during the scandal, and 9 statements published on their own website between 2015-2018. The result of the study shows that during the press conference, Fifa reduces their involvement in the crisis and considers themself to be the primary victim. They do not give any public apology, but rather say that their management has been completely unaware that bribery and corruption have occurred. However, the result shows that Fifa’s handling of the crisis response differs slightly in their statements, this because Fifa had replaced the management by the time their statement were published, and started work on a new and improved organization. Fifa still considered themselves to be a victim to some extent in their statements, but they did take responsibility for the crisis and realized that it is Fifa's organizational culture and structure that must be changed to become more open and accessible to everyone, in order to continue developing football.

  • Saffari, Mohsen
    et al.
    Baqiyatallah Univ Med Sci, Hlth Res Ctr, Life Style Inst, Tehran, Iran.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Dept Rehabil Sci, Hung Hom, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Koenig, Harold G.
    Duke Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Durham, NC USA.
    O’Garo, Keisha-Gaye N.
    Duke Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Durham, NC USA.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    A Persian version of the Affiliate Stigma Scale in caregivers of people with dementia2019In: Health Promotion Perspectives, ISSN 2228-6497, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 31-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Dementia is prevalent among older adults and frequently causes dependence on family caregivers. Caregivers may experience a form of stigmatization called affiliate stigma that negatively affects their mental health. The current study sought to establish the psychometric properties of a tool to measure affiliate stigma among Iranian caregivers.

    Methods:

    Overall, 541 caregivers of older people with dementia were included in this cross-sectional study. Several measures were used to assess the psychometric properties of the Affiliate Stigma Scale (ASS) including the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Short Form 12 (SF-12), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Convergent and discriminate validity were examined. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were utilized to assess the factor structure of the ASS and a Rasch model was used to evaluate the measurement functioning of the scale.

    Results:

    Factor loadings ranged from 0.69 to 0.83 and test-retest reliability from 0.72 to 0.89. Item difficulty ranged widely from -0.66 to 0.89. No considerable differential item functioning (DIF) was found across gender. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the three cognitive, affective, and behavioral dimensions of the scale (comparative fit index [CFI]=0.931 to 0.995, root mean square error of approximation [RMSEA]=0.046 to 0.068). Internal consistency was acceptable (Cronbach’s alpha: 0.88 to 0.94). Significant and positive relationships were found between affiliate stigma and depression, anxiety, and caregiving burden (beta = 0.35 to 0.46).

    Conclusion:

    The ASS is a psychometrically valid measure for assessing affiliate stigma in Iranian caregivers of people with dementia. Application of this tool among other caregivers, languages and cultures deserves further study.

  • Ferwerda, Bruce
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Lee, Michael
    Department of Informatics New Jersey Institute of Technology Newark, New Jersey, USA.
    Tamagotchi++: A Serious, Personalized Game to Encourage Healthy Behavior2019In: Companion Proceedings of the 24th International on Intelligent User Interfaces: 3rd Workshop on Theory-Informed User Modeling for Tailoring and Personalizing Interfaces (HUMANIZE), 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With life expectancy steadily increasing, healthy aging is becoming more important. Especially at a later age, the susceptibility to complications, such as morbidity, increases. Engaging in sufficient physical activities throughout a lifespan lowers the chances on such complications and contributes to an increased quality of life. However, the vast majority of the world's population does not engage enough in any form of physical activity. In this position paper we propose a serious game solution to promote physical activities based on the popular Tamagotchi from the 90's. We propose the virtual character of which the user needs to take care of to be a reflection of oneself. Thereby, any (in)activities of the user is directly reflected through the emotional and physical state of the character. Through the character, we hope to increase engagement in physical activities and facilitate long term behavioral change. Furthermore, we propose additional features and open research questions.

  • Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lundberg, Lars
    University of Borås, Prehospen-Centre for Prehospital Research, Borås, Sweden.
    Prehospital CPR training performed with visual feedback2018In: Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal, ISSN 2451-4691, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 41-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Swedish firefighters are a part of the emergency medical services. Therefore, they perform prehospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on a regular basis. Training becomes crucial for maintaining the CPR skills and increasing the patients’ chances of survival. Training with visual feedback is for Swedish firefighters a new way of training CPR. The aim of this study was to evaluate firefighters’ perception of a CPR manikin with visual feedback.

    METHOD: This study had a qualitative approach. Data were collected by interviews with 16 firefighters after performing CPR on a manikin with visual feedback. The data were analyzed with a manifest content analysis.

    RESULTS: Visual feedback makes it easy to identify and maintain correct compression rate. There is a need for identifying too deep compressions. Uncertainty regarding the closeness to the stomach arises when using the whole hand during compressions instead of just the wrist. To accomplish an open airway requires a bit of adjustment of the manikins’ head.

    DISCUSSION: To train and learn CPR is feasible with visual feedback. The firefighters can maintaing a correct compression rate and correct compression depth during the sessions. Ventilating a patient with bag-valvemask or pocket mask may require training with visual feedback to guarantee the firefighters being able to secure an open airway of the patient. All these skills are essential and improve the chance of survival for the patients.

  • Abelsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    The case of the women with the broken heart2018In: Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal, ISSN 2451-4691, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 67-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Takotsubo can be detected as a kindred disease, predominantly affecting post-menopausal women. By correctly identifying these patients as having an acute heart failure syndrome, the outcome can be favorable.

  • Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lundberg, Lars
    Swedish Armed Forces Centre for Defence Medicine, Sweden.
    CPR performed in battlefield emergency care2019In: Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, ISSN 2202-7270, Vol. 16, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    During military missions medical care is provided to military personnel as well as civilians. Although cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may not be a common task in a military field hospital, all personnel need to be trained to deal with cardiac arrest.

    Methods

    This study was a comparative simulation study. Participants (n=36) from the Swedish armed forces performed CPR for 2 minutes at one of three different locations: at ground level, a military bed, or a transportable military stretcher. Compression depth and rate after 2 minutes of CPR and at the time of the participants’ own request to be relieved were measured. Descriptive and inferential analysis was conducted.

    Results

    There is a direct correlation between compression depth and working level, concluding that the higher working level, the lower the compression depth. There is in total an overall low percentage of participants within limits for correctly conducted CPR regarding both compression depth and rate. Time to fatigue is related to working level, where increased level results in early fatigue.

    Conclusion

    The quality of CPR is affected by the level at which it is performed. The quality of CPR was satisfactory when working at ground level, but suboptimal when working at hospital bed level or military stretcher level. When working at raised levels, participants appeared to misjudge their own compression depth and rate. This may indicate that changes are needed when CPR is practised in the military hospital setting. Future studies regarding the use footstools are required due to the height of military beds and transportable stretchers.

  • Lööv, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Eriksson, Anton
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "I Sverige är nu terrorn en verklighet": En multimodal kritisk diskursanalys av Sverigedemokraternas framställning av integrationen i Sverige i deras valfilm 2018.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hellqvist, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Viktoria, Mirkovic
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "En av gästerna, en kvinna [...] tog med vin, choklad och ost till bjudningen": En kritisk diskursanalys av våldtäktsmyters användning i svenska nyhetsartiklar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study targets how rape myths are used in Swedish news articles. Specifically, it examines three news articles from the morning paper “Dagens Nyheter” as well as three news articles from the evening paper “Expressen”. With a critical discourse analysis we found opportunity for theoretical and methodical analyses of news articles´ linguistics along with underlying structures of such rape myths. The theoretical framework for this study is based on the theory of critical discourse analysis, rape myths, victimization and media logic.  

    To find underlying structures and rape myths we used several analysis methods from critical discourse analysis. The result of this study shows that the news articles’ manifest messages as open and based on feminism values. However, through deeper interpretation, it is evident that rape myths are continuously used as the fundamental directive. 

  • Tyngel, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ståhlgren, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Dom målar ju upp en verklighet eller en fantasi som vi unga tjejer vill ha...": En receptionsanalys av mottagares upplevelse av sponsrade inlägg på Instagram2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Avsikten med den här studien är att undersöka sponsrade inlägg på Instagram och dessa inläggs trovärdighet. Det kommer vi att göra genom en receptionsanalys bestående av analyser av instagraminlägg och intervjuer med instagramanvändare. Ett antal sponsrade inlägg, utvalda från instagramkontona till två av Sveriges största influencers på Instagram, kommer att analyseras. Det kommer även att ske intervjuer med ett antal personer från de olika fackhögskolorna på Jönköping University.

    Syftet med studien är att se hur trovärdiga mottagarna upplever sponsrade inlägg på Instagram samt hur de påverkas av influencer marketing i jämförelse med traditionell reklam. Studien syftar även att undersöka hur Kenza Zouiten Subosic och Bianca Ingrosso framställer sina sponsrade inlägg på Instagram.

    Uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk består av receptionsteorin och tvåstegshypotesen som hjälper oss att förstå hur ett budskap kan tolkas och vad opinionsbildare är som fenomen. Vi kommer också även att använda oss av branding via opinionsbildaremedia och identitet som teoretiskt begrepp.

    Resultatet av studien visar att sponsrade inlägg till stor del upplevs trovärdiga, men att bland annat tidigare erfarenheter av influencern gör att upplevelsen hos mottagarna skiljer sig. Utifrån de intervjuer som har gjorts i studien kan vi fastställa att intervjupersonerna blir mer påverkade av sponsrade inlägg på Instagram än av traditionell reklam.

  • Salomonsson Grassi, Max
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Negative Campaigning, en retorisk strategi?: En kvalitativ textanalys av samtliga riksdagspartiers valaffischer i rikdsagsvalet 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Boskovic, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hammarberg, Fanny
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Köp inte! Det är inte öl, det är vatten": En multimodal kritisk diskursanalys av Systembolagets marknadskommunikation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the marketing communication of Systembolaget. The material is the organization's last three tv-commercials. The aim of the study is to problematize the marketing communication of Systembolaget since it is a non-profit organization owned by the government. The organization exists to keep the alcohol consumption in control and to reduce the alcohol-related problems in society. The three latest tv-commercials of Systembolaget are analyzed through a multimodal critical discourse analysis as both theory and method. The language is critically reviewed through relevant tools. In MCDA the language includes both the expressions in writing and verbal, and also visual signs. The material is divided in three themes: alcohol as something exclusive, alcohol as something humorous and the contra wise language of Systembolaget. A study of this phenomenon helps to clarify how Systembolaget can be marketed even though the organization has no purpose to make financial profit. The study also describes how the two research fields marketing communication and strategic communication are connected. The results show how the social responsibility by the government does not show clearly at the same time as humor is used to catch the attention of the public.

  • Arnoldsson, Joanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Possner, Katja
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    En maktrelation ifrågasätta: En kritisk diskursanalys av Sametingets myndighetskommunikation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to study if communication from Sametinget contribute to the construction of unequal power relations between Sámi people and the Swedish government. In a critical discourse analysis comment letters and press releases from Sametinget where analysed with a focus on how both of the actors’ knowledge and scope of action is depicted. The thesis’ theoretical framework consists of discourse theory, theory of representation and postcolonial theory. 

    The results show four main themes in Sametinget’s discourse: Distance from a passive government and proximity to the active Sametinget; The Sámi people has a specific culture and unique knowledge that is not sufficiently observed by the government; The government’s actions and power are not legitimate and The current politics of predatory animals is a problem that needs to be solved. Furthermore, the themes show that knowledge of the Sámi people is depicted differently from the government’s knowledge. The Sámi people’s unique knowledge is depicted as something that should, make up the foundation for political decisions and legislation. Meanwhile, the government’s knowledge is depicted to be unfounded and insufficient. The same goes for the depiction of scope of action, where the actors scope of action is depicted differently. The Sámi people’s and Sametinget’s scope of action is often depicted as limited while the government’s scope of action is depicted as being to large. Lastly, the thesis concludes that Sametinget questions the current power relation between the Sámi people and the government and is therefore generally not contributing to the maintaining of current power relations.

  • Lindholm, Felicia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Welander, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Viktigt meddelande till Sveriges invånare" - Hur påverkas du?: En kvalitativ retorisk textanalys av MSB:s informationsbroschyr Om krisen eller kriget kommer.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien fokuserar på myndigheters kommunikation till medborgarna i Sverige. Specifikt studeras informationsbroschyren Om krisen eller kriget kommer som myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) har producerat på uppdrag från regeringen. Våren 2018 fick 4,8 miljoner hushåll i Sverige hem broschyren som en del av MSB:s arbete för krisförberedelse och höjd beredskap.

     

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur texten har konstruerats i broschyren utifrån retoriken och vad texten kan ha för effekt på mottagaren och därigenom öka förståelsen och insynen för myndigheters externa kommunikation och den påverkan texter kan ha på oss medborgare.

     

    För att komma åt dessa textkonstruktioner används en kvalitativ retorisk textanalys både som teori och metod. Studiens tillvägagångssätt grundar sig i analysbegrepp hämtade från retoriken som teori, vilket möjliggör en kvalitativ studie av broschyrens textkonstruktion. Detta genom att bryta ner texten med de retoriska begreppen ethos, logos, pathos, persuasio och doxa.

    Studien presenterar att MSB har en text som är konstruerad efter de retoriska begreppen och att dess effekt kan ge upphov till handling och en attitydförändring, beroende på mottagarens doxa, om dess syn på världens och hens värderingar.

  • Lydén, Oskar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hellgren, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    “Fansen rasar!” - eller gör de?: En kvalitativ studie om utformandet av artiklar baserade på källor hämtade från sociala medier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to investigate the extent to which newspaper articles based on sources gathered from social media fulfils the criteria for news selection and which source-critical principles that the sources fulfils. It also examines how narration affect the design of the articles. The purpose of this study is to develop an understanding of what the basis for creating the articles is and to clarify whether the creation of the articles is legitimized by three journalistic theories which are news selection, source criticism and media logic. The empirical material studies is comprises three articles from Aftonbladet and one from Expressen. To investigate this a qualitative content analysis and thematization is used as method.

    The chosen theories and their criterias form the basis of the analytical themes used to analyse the empirical material. The result of the analysis shows that the newspaper articles meet one or more criteria that an event should fulfil in order to legitimize the creation of the news. Furthermore the study results shows that the sources obtained from social media did not measure the source-critical principles and that narrative techniques such as accentuation, simplification and intensification were those that affected the design of the articles most.

  • Cajander, Rebecca
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Karlsson, Ida
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Fikastunder, fotbollsunder och politiska beslutsgrunder: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av Stefan Löfvens och Annie Lööfs Instagramanvändning inför valet 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur två svenska partiledare, Stefan Löfven och Annie Lööf, använder sig av det sociala mediet Instagram under en sexmånadersperiod före riksdagsvalet 2018. Genom en kvantitativ innehållsanalys undersöktes uttrycken för hur Löfven och Lööf hanterade den allt mer diffusa gränsdragningen mellan privatliv och politik. I relation till denna gränsdragning undersöktes vad för material de publicerade utifrån de kommunikativa funktionerna broadcasting, mobilization, hybridity, och personalization. Därtill analyserades vad för bild av sig själva partiledarna presenterade av sig själva utifrån Erving Goffmans dramaturgiska skola och teorier kring självrepresentation och icke-verbala signaler.

    Det studien fann var att det största fokuset hos båda partiledarna låg på politik och arbetsrelaterat innehåll men att personliga inslag integrerades i stor utsträckning i materialet. Gränserna mellan privat och arbetsliv var otydlig hos båda och deras privatliv användes för att definiera dem som individer. Det framkom dock stora skillnader mellan partiledarna i hur partiledarna använde mediet där Annie Lööf använde det på ett mer interaktivt och personligt sätt via sitt sätt att framställa sig själv.

  • Tarberg, Josefine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Wedenhjelm, Annica
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Psykosomatiska symtom. En studie om barns upplevda tillit till föräldrar i förhållande till psykosomatiska symtom.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Psychosomatic symptoms have doubled among children and adolescents in Sweden since the mid-1980s. Mental illness can have consequences early in life, such as poorer school results, and serious consequences later in life. The purpose of the study is to investigate whether there are differences between children, depending on the degree of perceived confidence in their parents in relation to psychosomatic symptoms. The study checks background variables such as boy or girl, Swedish as a second language or mother tongue, and whether the child's/youth's parents live together or not. Starting points are the following hypotheses: 1. Children who feel that they do not have a trusting relationship with their parents show a higher degree of psychosomatic symptoms than children who feel they have a trusting relationship with their parents. 2. Some psychosomatic symptoms occur to a greater extent than other psychosomatic symptoms in children who feel that they do not have a trusting relationship with their parent. 3. Girls experience psychosomatic symptoms to a greater extent than boys, related to degree of perceived confidence in their parents. The study is carried out by examining data obtained from anonymized survey responses from LoRDIA (Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence) Wave 1, which consists of 1515 pupils who are 12–13 years old. Differences are analyzed by first performing repeated Mann-Whitney U- Test. We continue the analysis with Anova test and finally we perform an in-depth analysis of the groups that show significant differences in the Anova test. The result shows that there is a significant difference between children who experience low confidence in their parents compared to children who experience a high confidence in their parents related to the degree of psychosomatic symptoms. There is a significant difference between girls and boys regarding the degree of psychosomatic symptoms. And a significant difference both in terms of perceived confidence and degree of psychosomatic symptoms when the child's parents do not live together. The study's results are in line with previous research.

  • Modin, Sanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Psykisk ohälsa i media: En kritisk diskursanalys av medias framställning av unga med psykisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental illness among young people is a constantly increasing problem that affects the media debate regarding the subject. Media has a strong position of power in the society today, which makes it important to critically explore its production of the expanding health problem. The aim of the study is to investigate how Swedish newspapers portraits mental illness among young people during a one-year period. The critical discourse analysis is used to explore the relationship between the use of language and the maintenance of the unequal distribution of power in the society. Furthermore, it is used to analyse if it is experts or young people who gives a voice in the matter. The result is divided in three main categories; the welfare-discourse, the postmodern discourse and the individualistic discourse. The welfare-discourse revealed how the Swedish welfare state fails regarding its obligations to cover all citizens needs regarding mental health issues. The postmodern discourse featured a society where young people are highly exposed to structural stressors as higher demands in the education and labour market and the stress enchanted by social media. The individualistic discourse presented how social causes are to be solved by individualistic interventions. The result in general showed a lack of preventive approach regarding solutions to the problem. Within all discourses, experts and professionals were the ones who mainly got a voice in the matter, which mirrors the young people’s lack of power in relation to experts. This reflect and reflects cultural trends which further leads to influence political interventions and therefore social work practices.

  • Gran, Olivia
    et al.
    Jardstedt, Ida
    Ogbomo, Amenaghawon
    Social worker's experiences of working with women in sex work and their children: A qualitative study conducted in the organization Saheli Sangh2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In India, the estimated number of people in sex work is high - figures show an appraisal of three million female sex workers. Most women who enter sex work tend to be very young and do so due to severe economic circumstances. The situation is considered especially severe in some parts of India due to a combination of poverty and the low status of females, which contribute to their exploitation in the sex industry. This vulnerability often leads to women being marginalized and stigmatized from society.

     

    The aim with this thesis is to investigate how social workers, at an organization in Pune, India, work with women in sex work and their children. What motivates the social workers to pursue work with this group? How do they feel about their work and their clients? Further questions we wanted to answer were how the organization worked to secure good and sufficient living conditions for the children. Our initial goal for this study was to examine how the staff members at Saheli Sangh work to prevent the children from entering sex work. While doing so, we gained knowledge about the social worker’s own thoughts, values and experiences of doing social work with this group. Hence, this newfound knowledge became our main focus throughout our study.

     

    The results showed that education and safe housing were the primary interventions offered to prevent children from entering sex work. It also showed that the staff in the organization forms a special bond with the children and women with whom they work. To provide the needed interventions, the organization needs more resources and more support to combat negative perceptions and stigma from the society of women who do sex work and the social workers who help them address their needs.

  • Andersson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Rattur, Sofie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Vi är så socialt handikappade i det här landet": En kvalitativ studie om språkbruk kring etnicitet i Morgonpasset i P32019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study will look into public service in Sweden. The background of public service and ethnicity is being presented. The problem which has led to this study derives from the success of xenophobic parties in Sweden, in the recent years. The aim of this study is to investigate how ethnicity is constructed in the morning radio show, Morgonpasset i P3. This is being done in order to see the connection between text and context and to see how different ethnicities are being constructed. The study also contributes to filling the scientific gap which has been revealed by going through previous studies. These studies include local radio, ethnicity and language, and ethnicities in journalism.

     

    To give an insight into this, the material has been handled through a text analysis. This with connection to theory, tools and method. The method that had been chosen for this study is CDA, critical discourse analysis. CDA is not only used as a method, but also as a theory. In the chapter about theories, other theories are added as well. These theories are orientalism, othering and different theories about swedishness. In the analysis multiple transcribed examples are being looked into. Here it is revealed that the show hosts in different ways are constructing swedishness as being different, rejecting and non-ambitious. The result of the study shows that the hosts of the radio show are downgrading swedishness and therefore distancing themselves and those who do not relate to swedishness. This also results in that the already existing swedishness is maintained. Furthermore, this results in that the listeners are being affected by the language and the discourses the hosts are presenting, which also affects society's norms of how ethnicity is beeing constructed.

  • Blidovic, Dora
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Olsson, Josefine
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    A licence to drive, is not a licence to drive like James Bond: En kvalitativ textanalys av två bilscener från filmen Spectre, ur ett machokultursperspektiv.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on how the popular culture maintains the so called macho culture through the action character James Bond. The macho culture imposes an unhealthy demand for men to be masculine, which affects their mental health. The two longest car scenes are examined in the latest Bond movie Spectre (2015). The aim of the study is to contribute with knowledge of how macho culture is presented in the film world.

    The theoretical framework of this study is based on the narrative, which according to Selby and Cowdery (1995), is a story that in many cases is so basic and natural that the viewer overlooks it. According to Selby and Cowdery (1995), the narrative has the power to transform information and manipulate the viewer not to react to the events they see. The narrative analysis is based on semiotics, which means that the study's method is based on the semiotics connotation, denotation, and myth. The study uses an analysis model to make it easier to analyze James Bond, the model is divided into three categories, appearance, emotions, and driving.

    The analysis showed that the demands and attributes of the macho culture were depicted in the scenes where we studied James Bond's appearance and feelings, and his driving. Mental illness and car crashes is examples of consecvenses that macho culture could lead to. Therefore, it ́s problematic for populare culture to continue depict James Bond in a stereotypical way.

  • Eriksson, Thea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Lennermo, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    #stopmomshaming: En kvalitativ textanalys om hur en influencer, som har blivit utsatt för näthat i form av mom-shaming, framställer sin roll som mamma på Instagram2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Historically and culturally norms are socially acceptable and can be problematic for people who behave in nonconformity with them because of risk of garner hatred. Mom-shaming is a term that describes the phenomenon when women get criticism and hatred for their act in their role of mother. A woman whom has been subject to this shaming, is mother and influencer Ida Warg.

    With the purpose of studying norms associated with female role as mother, this paper analyzes the visual design and composition of ten photographs posted by Ida Warg to her Instagram. Theories of gender and semiotics are used as frameworks, for qualitatively study if Ida Warg mediates her role as a mother normatively on her Instagram. The photographs are analyzed according to seven categories associated with mothering: Motherhood, Care and raise of child, Traditional nuclear family, Paid work, Leisure time, Entourage and Beauty.

    Considering the female role as mother, the result shows that historically rooted norms are still a fact. This paper argues for Ida Warg both certifying and challenging the social norms associated with mothering. Finally, this paper discusses how obsolete norm associated with the female role as mother, as a result of cyberhate such as mom-shaming, lingers and prevents gender equality. Henceforth, this paper also discusses the power of social media, being both reason why and solution to mom-shaming. One solution may be the exhortation of the hashtag #stopmomshaming.

  • Bolmvik Palmgren, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Gustafsson, Lisa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Man måste få bättra sig": En retorisk textanalys av Fredrik Virtanens självförsvar efter anklagelserna i samband med #metoo.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under hösten 2017 fick #metoo en enorm spridning i sociala medier. Rörelsen har beskrivits som en nutida revolution, och av länderna i Norden hade metoo-rörelsen störst genomslag i Sverige. Den här studien kommer att fokusera på Fredrik Virtanen, som tidigt hängdes ut med namn och bild i svenska medier efter de våldtäktsanklagelser som riktats mot honom. Ett år senare fick Virtanen möjlighet att uttala sig i media och försvara sig mot dessa anklagelser.

    Syftet med studien är att bidra med kunskap om hur retoriska strategier har använts i samband med #metoo, samt hur de kan vara användbara vid självförsvar. Studiens teoretiska ramverk bygger på retoriken och självförsvarsteorin apologia, som båda används för att analysera ord i skrift och tal. Med hjälp av en retorisk textanalys som metod, kommer vi att analysera hur Virtanen väljer att svara på anklagelserna.

    Resultatet visar att Virtanen använder sig av samtliga tre övertalningsstrategier, ethos, logos och pathos, i sina två uttalanden. Resultatet visar även att Virtanen använder sig av retoriska självförsvarsstrategier, framförallt förnekelse. Detta kan vara en farlig självförsvarstrategi att använda sig av, eftersom den fungerar bäst om publiken tror att den anklagade är oskyldig. En retorisk textanalys kan inte få fram ett resultat som visar om en person är skyldig eller oskyldig. Däremot visar vår analys att de tre övertalningsstrategierna som Virtanen använder sig av inte kompletterar varandra, vilket kan framställa honom som mindre trovärdig.

  • Sarvari, Ladan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Norouzi, Samaneh
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    The Impact of ICT-enabled solutions on elderly with mild cognitive impairment and mild dementia2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous studies have shown that ICT applications could affect elderly people who suffer from mild dementia (MD) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) positively. These applications might help patients with MD or MCI, improving their cognitive performance, independency and, their quality of life. Elderly may also be able to live alone at their own home with the help of these ICT applications. Therefore, the burden of caregivers and family members can be reduced. An IT-enabled solution was proposed to create new knowledge and experience among MCI and MD patients and their caregivers. The project was funded by European union and four countries i.e. Sweden, Spain, Italy and Israel were involved in it.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to apply a technology-enabled integrated care model. Two aspects of the study were to measure the quality of life of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild dementia (MD) after using the model and to understand the professional caregivers’ perspectives of the model.

    Method: A mixed-method approach was applied in this research which was a combination of using standard and internally developed questionnaires and semi-structured interviews.

    Conclusion: The result of the study showed that DECI could have positive effect as a complementary tool for the care process of the elderly who suffered from dementia. The general perception in all sites was positive and professionals confirmed the willingness to use DECI in the future. 

  • Johansson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jakobsson, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Fet och olycklig VS Smal och lycklig": En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av hur tv-programmet Biggest Loser Sverige 2018 framställer överviktiga2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses a Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis (MCDA) to investigate how the reality-show Biggest Loser Sweden 2018 presents obesity. The purpose of the study is to analyze how the finalists of the series are presented as obese and non-obese, as well as investigate if weight-stigmatized attitudes are being expressed in the program. The theoretical framework of the study is based on the field of health communication, focusing on the stigmatization theory and the stigmatization process. The analysis examines selected parts of Biggest Loser Sweden 2018 based on various analytical concepts. The analysis results shows that the program contains weith stigmatized attitudes, by portaying the finalists as miserable and lazy, dressed in inappropriately fitting clothing and eating unhealthy food. Additionally, they are being filmed from unflattering wiews that makes their bodys look bigger, with a dark lightning. When the finalists are normalweighted, they are being presented as happy, confident and with close-fitting clothes. They are also being filmed from angles that make their bodys look smaller, and with a lightning that emphasizes their bodies in an exclusive way. In conclusion, the study discusses how the big difference in the presentation of the finalists may promote weight-stigmatized attitudes by giving a discriminatory picture of overweight people.

     

     

  • Bylund, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jonsson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Om du talar sanning behöver du aldrig komma ihåg vad du har sagt": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om kommunikatörers syn på förhållandet till journalister2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till att undersöka hur förhållandet mellan kommunikatörer och journalister kan se ut utifrån ett kommunikatörsperspektiv. Detta för att öka förståelsen för hur kommunikationsyrket har utvecklats och hur det uttrycker sig i kommunikatörens makt att påverka mediernas innehåll. För att uppnå ytterligare förståelse för kommunikationssyrket tas även etik-aspekten upp. Materialet studien utgår från har samlats in genom semistrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer med fem yrkesverksamma personer inom kommunikationsbranschen. Genom denna metod kan vi komma åt de enskilda erfarenheter och uppfattningar respondenterna har kring förhållandet mellan dem själva och journalisterna. De transkriberade intervjuerna har sedan tematiserats och resultatet har tolkats i relation till det teoretiska ramverket. Studiens teoretiska ramverk utgår främst från journalistikforskning med teorier som medielogik, dagordningsteorin, gestaltningsteorin och grindvaktsteorin, och har även kompletterats med definitioner av makt, opinionsbildning, etik, news management och information subsidy.

    Studiens analys visar fem teman som utmärker sig i materialet. Utifrån dessa kan vi utläsa hur kommunikatörer ser på förhållandet till journalister som att det finns ett ömsesidigt beroende, att det föreligger en stark respekt till journalistyrket, att gränserna mellan yrkena håller på att suddas ut, och att de etiska aspekterna i kommunikationsyrket främst handlar om att kommunicera sanning. Vi kommer fram till att kommunikatörers makt har ökat under de senaste decennierna och vi för en diskussion kring vad detta innebär. Slutsatsen vi drar är att det är viktigt att det finns en tydlig gräns mellan de båda yrkena så att journalistiken förblir objektiv.

  • Löwenham, Elina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ordning i klassrummet?: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie om hur skolans värdegrund kan praktiseras i klassrummet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Abghari, Shahrooz
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Boeva, Veselka
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Grahn, Håkan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Gustafsson, Jörgen
    Ericsson AB.
    Shaikh, Junaid
    Ericsson AB.
    Outlier Detection for Video Session Data Using Sequential Pattern Mining2018In: ACM SIGKDD Workshop On Outlier Detection De-constructed, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of Internet video and over-the-top transmission techniqueshas enabled online video service providers to deliver highquality video content to viewers. To maintain and improve thequality of experience, video providers need to detect unexpectedissues that can highly affect the viewers’ experience. This requiresanalyzing massive amounts of video session data in order to findunexpected sequences of events. In this paper we combine sequentialpattern mining and clustering to discover such event sequences.The proposed approach applies sequential pattern mining to findfrequent patterns by considering contextual and collective outliers.In order to distinguish between the normal and abnormal behaviorof the system, we initially identify the most frequent patterns. Thena clustering algorithm is applied on the most frequent patterns.The generated clustering model together with Silhouette Index areused for further analysis of less frequent patterns and detectionof potential outliers. Our results show that the proposed approachcan detect outliers at the system level.

  • García Martín, Eva
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Grahn, Håkan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Casalicchio, Emiliano
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Boeva, Veselka
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    How to Measure Energy Consumption in Machine Learning Algorithms2018In: Green Data Mining, International Workshop on Energy Efficient Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: ECMLPKDD 2018: European Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases Workshops. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Cham, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Machine learning algorithms are responsible for a significant amount of computations. These computations are increasing with the advancements in different machine learning fields. For example, fields such as deep learning require algorithms to run during weeks consuming vast amounts of energy. While there is a trend in optimizing machine learning algorithms for performance and energy consumption, still there is little knowledge on how to estimate an algorithm’s energy consumption. Currently, a straightforward cross-platform approach to estimate energy consumption for different types of algorithms does not exist. For that reason, well-known researchers in computer architecture have published extensive works on approaches to estimate the energy consumption. This study presents a survey of methods to estimate energy consumption, and maps them to specific machine learning scenarios. Finally, we illustrate our mapping suggestions with a case study, where we measure energy consumption in a big data stream mining scenario. Our ultimate goal is to bridge the current gap that exists to estimate energy consumption in machine learning scenarios.

  • García Martín, Eva
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Grahn, Håkan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Casalicchio, Emiliano
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Boeva, Veselka
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Hoeffding Trees with nmin adaptation2018In: The 5th IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics (DSAA 2018), IEEE, 2018, p. 70-79Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Machine learning software accounts for a significant amount of energy consumed in data centers. These algorithms are usually optimized towards predictive performance, i.e. accuracy, and scalability. This is the case of data stream mining algorithms. Although these algorithms are adaptive to the incoming data, they have fixed parameters from the beginning of the execution. We have observed that having fixed parameters lead to unnecessary computations, thus making the algorithm energy inefficient.In this paper we present the nmin adaptation method for Hoeffding trees. This method adapts the value of the nmin pa- rameter, which significantly affects the energy consumption of the algorithm. The method reduces unnecessary computations and memory accesses, thus reducing the energy, while the accuracy is only marginally affected. We experimentally compared VFDT (Very Fast Decision Tree, the first Hoeffding tree algorithm) and CVFDT (Concept-adapting VFDT) with the VFDT-nmin (VFDT with nmin adaptation). The results show that VFDT-nmin consumes up to 27% less energy than the standard VFDT, and up to 92% less energy than CVFDT, trading off a few percent of accuracy in a few datasets.

  • Westphal, Florian
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Grahn, Håkan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Efficient document image binarization using heterogeneous computing and parameter tuning2018In: International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition, ISSN 1433-2833, E-ISSN 1433-2825, Vol. 21, no 1-2, p. 41-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of historical document analysis, image binarization is a first important step, which separates foreground from background, despite common image degradations, such as faded ink, stains, or bleed-through. Fast binarization has great significance when analyzing vast archives of document images, since even small inefficiencies can quickly accumulate to years of wasted execution time. Therefore, efficient binarization is especially relevant to companies and government institutions, who want to analyze their large collections of document images. The main challenge with this is to speed up the execution performance without affecting the binarization performance. We modify a state-of-the-art binarization algorithm and achieve on average a 3.5 times faster execution performance by correctly mapping this algorithm to a heterogeneous platform, consisting of a CPU and a GPU. Our proposed parameter tuning algorithm additionally improves the execution time for parameter tuning by a factor of 1.7, compared to previous parameter tuning algorithms. We see that for the chosen algorithm, machine learning-based parameter tuning improves the execution performance more than heterogeneous computing, when comparing absolute execution times. © 2018 The Author(s)

  • Angelova, Milena
    et al.
    Technical University of Sofia-branch Plovdiv, BUL.
    Vishnu Manasa, Devagiri
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Boeva, Veselka
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Linde, Peter
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Biblioteket.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    An Expertise Recommender SystemBased on Data from an InstitutionalRepository (DiVA)2018In: Proceedings of the 22nd edition of the International Conference on ELectronic PUBlishing, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Finding experts in academics is an important practical problem, e.g. recruiting reviewersfor reviewing conference, journal or project submissions, partner matching for researchproposals, finding relevant M. Sc. or Ph. D. supervisors etc. In this work, we discuss anexpertise recommender system that is built on data extracted from the Blekinge Instituteof Technology (BTH) instance of the institutional repository system DiVA (DigitalScientific Archive). DiVA is a publication and archiving platform for research publicationsand student essays used by 46 publicly funded universities and authorities in Sweden andthe rest of the Nordic countries (www.diva-portal.org). The DiVA classification system isbased on the Swedish Higher Education Authority (UKÄ) and the Statistic Sweden's (SCB)three levels classification system. Using the classification terms associated with studentM. Sc. and B. Sc. theses published in the DiVA platform, we have developed a prototypesystem which can be used to identify and recommend subject thesis supervisors inacademy.

  • Göransson, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Persson, Anna-Carin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av triagering på öppen mottagning inom primärvården2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Allt fler patienter söker sig till primärvården. Detta medför att nya strategier måste utformas för att kunna bedöma patienterna på ett säkert sätt där patienterna hänvisas rätt. Triagering utgör en av sjuksköterskans arbetsuppgifter och kan utföras över telefon men även via öppna mottagningar på vårdcentralerna.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av triagering på öppen mottagning inom primärvården.

    Metod: Semi-strukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med 12 sjuksköterskor som arbetar med triagering på öppen mottagning inom primärvården. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att granska och tolka resultatet.

    Resultat: Dataanalysen resulterade i fem kategorier vilka benämns; Mötet skapar trygghet, Stor variation ställer stora krav på kunskap, Bred kompetens nödvändigt för att kunna möta patientens krav, Kollegialt stöd – en grundförutsättning samt Stressiga förhållanden.

    Slutsats: Resultatet indikerar att triagering är en utmanande och komplex arbetsuppgift för sjuksköterskor. För att kunna triagera patientsäkert måste sjuksköterskan besitta bred kompetens genom gedigen kunskap och erfarenhet.

  • Bruzelius, Cornelia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hagvall, Josefin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    En avreglerad apoteksmarknad: En kvalitativ textanalys av två svenska apoteks retoriska strategier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Engstrand, Klara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Palm, Axel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Likt Homer Simpson kväver Bart": En kvalitativ studie om maktutövning och maskulinitet i Morgonpasset i P32019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify and investigate different behaviors in the conversations between men and women in Morgonpasset i P3. This to determine how the male and female hosts and the guests are speaking to each other in the perspective of masculinity and power. Primarily, behaviors are investigated consisting of power exercises, in the form of master suppression techniques, and masculinity. The analysis is done through a critical discourse analysis, CDA, using lexical choices as an analytical tool. To place the analysis in a theoretical context, relevant research on gender equality, power and radio are presented. The theoretical framework consists of, among others, theories concerning CDA, master suppression techniques, masculinity, media influence and gender. The material for the analysis consists of parts from five selected sections of the Morgonpasset i P3. This material is received from the Swedish Radio website and was broadcasted week 44 in 2018.

    The result of the analysis shows that, from a perspective of power, there are differences in how men and women speak to each other in Morgonpasset i P3, but the difference mainly depends on the individual's personality and not on gender. From a masculinity perspective, the study shows that it is primarily the men who showcase masculine sides or do masculine manifestations i Morgonpasset i P3.

  • Foster, Shima Chloe
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Communication Trajectory in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Literature Review2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stability of diagnosis, symptoms and functioning across the life span is central to understanding any disorder and yet remains a relatively unexplored area in the study of autism (Sigman & McGovern, 2005). This is particularly apparent in the development of communication, including social interaction and language development in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as there is little research on longitudinal development of children with ASD in general. The outlook on ASD has changed throughout the years, and although the emphasis on speech delay and communication problems have been separated from ASD, it is still one of the most common causes of initial referral in autism diagnoses (Pickles, Risi & Lord, 2004). Understanding the trajectory of communication for a child with ASD is fundamental in providing support and intervention in early years development. As communication is also a primary indicator on later development, it can gage outcomes into adaptive skills, school achievement and adult independence in later adult life. Eleven articles were identified in order to systematically review longitudinal studies based on communication development in ASD, or lack thereof, and why it is important to further carry out research in this area.

    This review seeks to explore: 1. How the development of different communicative functions in children with ASD is related to change over time. And, 2. What aspects of the child’s proximal processes and/or the child’s characteristics are discussed during measurement periods. Communicative functions were the most common form of communication observed in the studies at assessment periods and as for time points; two assessment periods were most common showing a linear trajectory of progress or decline from time point 1 and 2. All studies discussed aspects of child characteristics, most predominantly being gender and I.Q., however lacked insight into the significance of these and factors of proximal process during measurement periods in the studies reviewed. Ultimately, results display a need for more studies with at least three time points. With two time points only comes a “before” and “after” perspective, whereas, three or more time points enables collection of waves of data, showing key predictors of change in communication in children with a form of ASD.

  • Gustafsson, Cornelia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Nordblom, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Läkemedelsassisterad rehabilitering vid opioidberoende (LARO) i svensk media: Ett hot mot svensk ideologi eller en chans till skälig levnadsnivå?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur läkemedelsassisterad rehabilitering vid opioidberoende (LARO) skildras i svensk media. Materialet till studien består av 82 stycken artiklar.  57 artiklar från perioden innan verksamheten byggdes ut år 2004 och 25 artiklar från de senaste tre åren. LARO-verksamheten har sedan den startade setts som kontroversiell och dessa tidsperioder valdes ut för att undersöka hur skildringarna har förändrats över tid. Från en tidsperiod där LARO-diskussionen är extra aktuell, till hur den ser ut idag. Hur LARO-verksamheten skildras i media blir intressant, då synen på missbruk och personer med missbruksproblematik påverkar vilka typer av insatser och behandlingar som används. Det blir även viktigt för socialarbetare inom missbruksvården att veta hur debatten förs i svensk media. Detta eftersom debatten kan påverka politiska beslut samt klientens och närståendes förväntningar på missbruksvården. En tematisk analys har gjorts och tre teman framträder från första perioden vilka är: Stort behov, En behandling med många fördelar samt Svensk ideologi förhindrar hjälp. Utöver detta framkommer två teman ur materialet från andra perioden vilka är: Svensk narkotikapolitik i förändring samt Förändringarnas baksida. De teorierna som använts för att förstå resultatet är systemteori och stigmateori. Viktiga slutsatser som dras är att de tidigare artiklarna fokuserar mestadels på behov som personer med opioidberoende har samt positiva effekter av behandlingen. Klienterna beskrivs här i en beroendesituation och medias skildring kan här bidra till stigmatisering. Materialet från den senare perioden fokuserar mer på ideologi och en förändrad narkotikapolitik. I dessa artiklar kommer klienter och närstående oftare till tals och läsare får ett inifrånperspektiv som kan gynna behandlingens klientel. Utöver detta talas det här om läckage och läckagets konsekvenser, vilket kan leda till att behandlingen samt dess klienters karaktär ifrågasätts. Likaså kan detta skapa oro att behandlingsmetoden återigen kommer att bli mer restriktiv.

  • Valtersson, Emmy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Lönnberg, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Suicidprevention: En innehållsanalys av kommunala handlingsplaner2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Andersson, Mikaela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Edorsson, Filip
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Hur allvarligt anses partnervåld vara mot en man jämfört med mot en kvinna?: En vinjettstudie om bedömningar och insatser för kvinnor och män utsatta för partnervåld2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic partner violence is violence in a partner relationship. Earlier research on domestic partner violence mainly focus on the violence against women, with male perpetrators. Male victims exposed to partner violence are rarely discussed, and research of the subject is limited. The purpose of this study is to investigate attitudes and assessments made by social workers who in their work encounter domestic partner violence, and if the social workers are affected depending on whether the person exposed to partner violence is a man or a woman. A quantitative vignette method with accompanying survey questions were used to investigate differences. Two separate groups of respondents answered survey questions based on vignettes divided into two parts. The respondents are each introduced in the vignettes to a heterosexual couple with a problem of partner violence. These vignettes are identical except for the characters’ genders which have been swapped. The result reveals that violence towards the victimized man is considered less serious, that there is less risk of continued violence in the relationship and that the victimized man is in less need of individual interventions. Respondents also considered to a lesser extent that the female perpetrator needed individual interventions compared to the male perpetrator. Social constructivism and gender theory are the theories used to interpret these results. The study can add perspectives about the subject of male victims and highlight that assessments of people exposed to partner violence may differ depending on the victim’s gender.

  • Lindhero, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Stuchly, Agnes
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Barn vill om barn kan: Konsekvenser för individen när samhälleliga strukturer brister2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how professionals from different organisations experience collaboration and division of responsibilities when it comes to pupils with a neuropsychiatric disability who have a problematic school absence. Furthermore, the purpose is to examine what causes school absence and how the professionals describe their preventive work towards pupils with the above described difficulties. Sweden has 5500 children absent from school not fulfilling the educational knowledge requirements. A problematic school absence can cause mental illness during the school years but also marginalise the individual in the future. The empirical material has been collected via semi-structured interviews with professionals within school and psychiatric care for children and youth. The result has been analysed using systems theory. The result indicates the importance of collaboration between professions. To enable the preventive work of schools’ and the psychiatric care for children and youth, the need for a clear division of responsibilities is crucial. The result shows that pupils are more likely to be present in school if they feel safe and are given the opportunity to influence. Structure in the school environment and relations are also described as important. The conclusion indicates structural shortcomings in the responsibilities shared between schools, healthcare and parents regarding children with a neuropsychiatric disability who have a problematic school absence. It also shows the importance of creating a surrounding the pupil can trust.

  • Ma, Christina Zong-Hao
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
    Improving balance and gait using biomechanical and electronic approaches2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • Gholami, Elham
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Miljkovic, Aleksandra
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    ''Endast en kvart går till reflektion och resten går till annat… vad hinner man då?'': En kvalitativ studie om hur förskollärare utnyttjar den kollegiala reflektionstiden i verksamheten.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie är att bidra till kunskapande om hur förskollärare uttrycker att de utnyttjar den kollegiala reflektionstiden i verksamheten. Studiens syfte undersöks utifrån följande frågeställningar:

    • Hur uttrycker förskollärarna att de utnyttjar den kollegiala reflektionstiden i förskolan?
    • Vad anser förskollärarna bör prioriteras under den kollegiala reflektionstiden? 

    Studien har genomförts utifrån en kvalitativ forskningsmetod där datainsamlingen skett genom semistrukturerade intervjuer av sex verksamma förskollärare. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten av studien är utifrån verksamhetsteorin. Datainsamlingen har analyserats utifrån Nilsson och Alnerviks (2015) översättning av Engeströms (2008) triangelmodell inom verksamhetsteorin med begreppen subjekt, objekt, redskap och regler, arbetsdelning samt praktikgemenskap. Resultatet av studien visade att förskollärarna uppfattar att den avsatta tiden för kollegial reflektion inte är tillräcklig. Resultatet visade även att otydlig struktur och brist på kompetens påverkar innehållet och tiden av reflektionen.

  • Nycroft, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Kannerling, Elvina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att vårda patienter inom palliativ hemsjukvård2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lampa, Nichola
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Patterson, Marlene
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Skolsköterskans erfarenhet av kvinnlig könsstympning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kvinnlig könsstympning eller FGM (Female Genital Mutilatilation) på flickor innebär att hela eller delar av de yttre könsorganen skadas eller skärs bort. Det är en tradition som förekommer främst i Afrika och några länder i Mellanöstern och Asien. Invandring har gjort att traditionen har tagits med till Västvärlden och WHO beräknar att över 200 miljoner kvinnor över hela världen är könsstympade. Det finns barn i svenska skolor som genomgått FGM och som skolsköterskan möter i sitt arbete. Det är därför viktigt för skolsköterskor att söka kunskap och förstå de kulturella skillnaderna för att kunna ge stöd till olika grupper. Syftet: Att beskriva skolsköterskans erfarenhet av kvinnlig könsstympning i mötet med elever. Metod: Studien består av kvalitativa intervjuer med 13 skolsköterskor i två län i södra Sverige. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats användes som analysmetod. Resultatet: Det framkommer tre kategorier i studien: varierande kompetens, stora utmaningar och tillgängliga arbetsverktyg. Slutsatser: Studien visar att hälsosamtalet är ett bra arbetsverktyg, att ämnet är bättre uppmärksammat nu än vad det var för några år sedan samt att arbetet runt könsstympning kan förbättras ytterligare.

  • Bergqvist, Linda
    et al.
    Nyman, Sara
    ”Man vet aldrig när det går riktigt illa”: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av utsatthet i hemsjukvården2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Health care staff are in many ways vulnerable in their work. Nurses in home care often work alone and in the patients’ home and are therefore more exposed. Threats and violence are common, but the vulnerability can also come from being solely responsible for the nursing care or caring for patients who act erratic. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ experiences of exposure in home care nursing. Methods: The study was a qualitative interview study where thirteen nurses were interviewed. Data was analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: Three categories emerged from the analysis: Feeling undisclosed, Not knowing what/whom to meet and Constant vigilance. In addition to threats and violence, the nurses experienced exposure in forms of loneliness, uncertainty and constant vigilance. Their working environment contributed to experiencing exposure, especially in exposed areas. Support from colleagues and leadership, as well as the nurses own strategies and characteristics, made the exposure easier to handle. Conclusions: Nurses working environment gives a sense of insecurity that is hard to influence. Further research is needed to gain understanding of their situation and experiences of exposure. The home care organization is required to arrange a safer working environment and promote safety in home care nursing.

  • Hjälmdahl, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Norberg, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av palliativ vård i livets slutskede: utifrån ett personcentrerat perspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care is characterized by improving the quality of life in the final stages of life based on a holistic view. The palliative approach covers all patients in the final stages of life, regardless of diagnosis, and the district nurse in home health care gives both practical and emotional support. A person-centered approach in connection with palliative care provides improved quality of life and symptom relief. The person-centered model The 6 S:n promotes the patient's view of himself and his wishes in the nursing.

    Aim: To describe district nurses' experiences of palliative care in the final stage of life in home care, from a person-centered perspective.

    Method: Qualitative with deductive approach. Data collection through two focus group interviews, 12 district nurses. Qualitative content analysis based on The 6 S:n.

    Result: Self-image: The district nurse starts from the individual patient and coordinates efforts for a well-functioning home situation. Self-determination is promoted by the home environment and means shown respect and sensitivity. Social relations are preserved through adaptation and supportive efforts. Symptom relief mainly involves pharmacological interventions. Summary includes conversations which is promoted by the home environment, the relationship with the patient and that the district nurse gives time and attendance. The patient's strategies are respected through adaptation and supportive efforts. The patient's wishes are made possible with the help of relatives and assistant nurses.

    Conclusion: The district nurses focus on and adapt to the patient's needs and resources. The relationship, communication and the home environment promote person-centered approach. The 6 S:n provides support for person-centered care based on a holistic approach.

  • Ali, Shadan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Den muslimskt feministiska utmaningen: En analys av kvinnors framställning i koranen ur ett muslimskt feministiskt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the depiction of women in Quran from an Islamic feminist perspective. The questions that my study is based on are: How is the woman accounted in the Quran according to Islamic feminists? How do Muslim feminists argue and what do they base their reasoning on? My study is based on analyzes of the feminists’ works and statements. The results were analyzed with the help of different theories including Miriam Cookes “multiple critique”, Jan Hjärpes “The Islamic basket”, Jonathan Potters “methodological relativism” and Luckman & Bergers “social construction of reality”. The main result of this study is that it highlights how different Islamic feminists interpret the Quran in relation to the present and how their interpretations have created debates internationally. I also discuss the importance of new interpretations and the globalization for Muslim women.

  • Roksana, Kaniz
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Women in Male-Dominated Industry :The Construction Industry: A Study of Women's Disinterest, Professional & Social Barriers, Walkout from Construction Industry.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Many women experience problems when trying to enter the construction industry and perceive several barriers in professional practice. As a result, day by day women are losing their interest in building their career within this male-dominated industry and diverting towards other professions. The fact that women are showing less interest to work within construction industry and leaving the industry has been found as a major problem. Since in this male dominated industry around ninety percent labour are men and expecting a large numbers of retirement in the future, therefore today’s construction industry has a strong demand for labour. The construction industry’s representatives want to increase the number of women in this trade, but because of the previous reputation and discriminatory work environment it’s become difficult to attract more women. Therefore, to enhance the participation of women in construction trades, it is necessary to understand women’s perceptions about the nature of work and level of satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the job. It is also important to know what kind of changes in the work environment can motivate women not to leave this industry? How to eliminate the barriers in professional practice?         

               

    Purpose: This thesis explores the current position of women in construction industry, and seeks to identify the reasons of women’s disinterest about the industry, job satisfaction and the barriers (professional and social) that compel women to think to change career and leave the construction industry.

     

    Method: This study has been performed through a qualitative interview study based on themes, on the subject of women in male-dominated industry. The research data is collected by conducting semi-structured interviews with professionals from Sweden, the USA, Canada, Latvia, Greece, The Netherlands and Bangladesh. The participants were active within the construction industry, and had the designation of project manager, construction engineer or structural engineer. To analysis the data in this research the Thematic Analysis approach has been adopted.

     

    Findings: The interviewed women stated that the unpleasant work environment, gender discriminatory behaviours from the male colleagues, less career development opportunities, unfair promotion system and unequal salary compel them to rethink about their career choice and leave the construction industry. The results of this study showed that the barriers women face in professional practice also depends on the geographical position and societal culture.     

  • Henriksson, Susanne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sandberg, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Kommunikation med sköra äldre personer: Ur ett distriktssköterskeperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    Background: The number of frail elderlies will increase worldwide. In Sweden, the number of elderly persons over the age of 80 will rise from 500 000 in 2014 to 800 000 in 2030. Increased life expectancy increases the need for municipal health care. In order to meet different needs of the frail elderly persons who live at home, the care needs to be person-centred.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe how the district nurse communicate with frail elderly people in municipal health care.

    Method: A qualitative study with an inductive approach. Interviews were made with 12 district nurses based on a semi-structured interview guide, they were analysed with qualitative content analysis.

    Result: The results show that the district nurses have varied experiences of communication with frail elderly people. When the district nurses communicate with frail elderly person, they encounter various obstacles that they try to find solutions for in order to achieve the goal of respectful treatment in persons-centred care.

    Conclusion: Communication between the district nurse and the frail elderly person is complex with challenges such as lack of time, physical and cognitive impairment in the frail elderly person.