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  • Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Jonkoping Int Business Sch, Box 1026 551 11, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Swedish Board Agr, Box 1026 551 11, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Knowledge in agriculture: a micro data assessment of the role of internal and external knowledge in farm productivity in Sweden2016In: Studies in Agricultural Economics, ISSN 1418-2106, E-ISSN 2063-0476, Vol. 118, no 2, 68-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the impact of internal and external knowledge on firm productivity in the Swedish agricultural sector. It combines theories from regional economics about the geographical aspects of knowledge with traditional theories on the role of knowledge in productivity in agriculture. The study is a firm-level analysis using an unbalanced panel between the years 2002 and 2011 in Sweden. The results show that these firms are positively affected by employees with formal education related to the sector. Higher knowledge levels have a greater impact than lower levels. External knowledge, such as localised spillovers, is also important, but the results on this factor are more ambiguous.

  • Zhu, Baiwei
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    On the influence of Si on anodising and mechanical properties of cast aluminium alloys2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The combination of two cost-effective processes, i.e. casting and anodising, would be an interest for the aluminium component applications. However, there are some obstacles in the application of anodising on cast Al alloys. The challenges mostly relate to the alloying elements especially Si and the surface quality. With the development of casting process, cast aluminium alloys with low Si content can be casted, and a complex geometry component with reasonably good surface finish can be achieved. This study aims to identify the influence of Si on anodising and mechanical properties of Al-Si alloys.

    In this study, six Al-Si alloys with three different Si level and two different Sr level were investigated. Sr acts as a modifier to change the morphology of Si particles. The directional solidification technology was used to vary the microstructure coarseness by controlling the cooling rate to study the influence of Si level, Si particle morphology and cooling rate on mechanical properties, oxide layer formation and corrosion protection performance in cast Al-Si alloys.

    This study has observed that Si has a significant influence on anodising. During anodising, Si particles are anodised at a lower rate than the Al phase. The presence of Si particles in eutectic phase make the oxide layer locally thinner and more defected due to the low oxide growth rate in eutectic phase. This study observed the presence of residual metallic Al phase beneath or between Si particles. Due to their presence and their geometry, Al can be shielded by Si particles and prevented from oxidation. Si particles also act as a key role in the corrosion protection of oxide layer in Al-Si alloys. The corrosion attack propagates along Si particles as well as oxide defects to the Al substrate.

    It is found that the morphology of Si particles has a significant influence on the oxide layer formation and corrosion protection performance of the oxide layer on cast Al-Si alloys. A substantially improvement the corrosion resistance of anodised layer on Al-Si alloys is attributed to the morphology change from interconnected flakes to disconnected Si fibres when Sr is added, with less oxide defects and better oxide distribution.

    The Si level governs the mechanical properties of Al-Si based alloys. An increase of Si content in Al alloys improves the mechanical properties such as ultimate tensile and yield strength as well as hardness of the materials, but decreases the ductility. However, an increase of Si level in Al alloys decreases the thickness of oxide layer, and thereby, the corrosion protection of the oxide layer is deteriorated.

  • Hussmo, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Dammhantering vid väggsågning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Wall sawing in concrete generates a lot of dust. The dust is partly collected by the water that is applied as a coolant for the blade, which leads to a mixture called ”slurry”. The slurry as well as the dust needs to be removed after the sawing has been completed, which adds extra steps to the process for the user of the saw. The biggest issue here is the dust that is inhaled by the user, which can lead to diseases such as silicosis . This will probably lead to new regulations regarding how dust is managed, which has been the background of this thesis. The purpose of this study is therefore to evaluate how dust and slurry can be collected during wall sawing.

    The problem in wall sawing compared to other forms of processing of concrete is the difficulty in creating a seal towards the surface where the processing is being executed. It is for instance easier to create a sealed space around the are of processing during drilling where you can create a vacuum to collect the dust and slurry.

    An observation was conducted in order to give a basis for how the dust and slurry is acting during sawing. A case study was also executed to gather data regarding how the problem is solved today in the industry as well as to provide intel regarding important attributes that  concepts must have in order to be considered attractive to the industry.

    Concepts were generated with the collected data as a base through brainstorming and morphology. The concepts were evaluated together with Husqvarna as well as with pugh’s matrix, where the set of criterias had been collected from the case study. The result was a slide on unit that locks to existing geometries and collects dust and slurry at the point where the biggest concentration is achieved during sawing.

    After the evaluation, a prototype was constructed in order to verify that dust and slurry could be collected and to measure the efficiency of the concept. The result of the test was that the prototype could collect approximately 23% of the slurry as well as significantly reduce the amount of visible dust. The concept could thereby fulfil the purpose of the study, especially regarding the decreasion of dust since the harmful effects of inhalation could be reduced.

  • Hovander, Sebastian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Distance to a University and Regional Output: A Study of how Distance to a University Impacts the Economic Productivity of a Municipality2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish population is rapidly increasing in educational level in the past two decades and educational level has long been a topic of interest for labor productivity. This increase in educational level brings up an interesting discussion of whether the remoteness of a university helps create productivity and if so by how much. This is a study that will try and explain the impact on regional productivity by having a university closer, using the distance to the closest university of each municipality in Sweden, and depending on what quality this university possess. Using simple OLS regressions results have shown some reasons for increased productivity, either positive or negative, while distance showed to not matter for regional productivity at all. This field is somewhat untouched, and with further research and by including other geographical economic theories, it could become an interesting study.

  • Ruther, Mathilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Digitalt medborgarskap i läroböcker för samhällskunskap på gymnasiet: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige befinner sig i en tid där digitaliseringen ges utrymme i det politiska livet. I och med denna utveckling blir medborgarna i ett land stegvis också digitala medborgare. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka huruvida fem utvalda läroböcker i samhällskunskap på gymnasiet ger eleverna meningserbjudanden om det digitala medborgarskapet. Detta görs genom en kvalitativ innehållsstudie av de innehåll som finns i de olika läroböckerna. Det framkommer av undersökningen att samtliga läroböckerna ger mening om det digitala medborgarskapet, dock från olika aspekter. 

  • Tallefors, Carina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Elevers upplevelser av klassdebatter/rollspel: En intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary:

    Student perspective on the class debates/role-playing as a teaching method in schools is an area that is relatively unexplored. The purpose of this study is to develop the knowledge of students' experiences of the class debates/role-playing. The study was conducted from a socio-cultural perspective, where interaction and communication are seen as a prerequisite for learning. The empirical data were collected through video documentation of students when they conducted debates/role-playing. Afterwards the students were interviewed individually in the form of stimulated reflection, which is a method that gives the interviewee the opportunity to reflect on what is happening in the videotaped debate/role-playing. The results of the study, which are interpreted through content analysis, clearly shows that students are positive for debate/role-playing as educational tools. Here they see the advantages to combine cooperative learning and interaction to develop their learning and achieve deeper knowledge. Taking a different perspective in the form of a role is perceived as a positive tool in the processing of issues and problems. At the same time, the results show that students experience different constraints which hamper both their learning and the opportunity to show their skills. Limitations that are mentioned; an uneven distribution of linguistic space for large groups and group composition and different conditions depending on the nature of the role. The conclusion is that educational debates/role-playing games are a great learning tool, but it needs to be developed to overcome the limitations that exist, thereby creating better conditions for learning and assessment.

  • Korodi, Karolina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Josip Broz Tito, folkets ledare och krigshjälte eller oförsonlig kommunistisk diktator?: En intervjustudie om tio balkanfödda svenskars bild av Josip Broz Tito, forna Jugoslaviens regeringschef och obestridde härskare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Patrik, Cera
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    ”Fred utan frihet är ingen riktig fred”: En studie av riksdagspartiernas åsikter kring konflikterna i Afghanistan och El Salvador 1980-19832016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur såg de svenska riksdagspartierna på två konflikter som inträffade mitt under kalla krigets brinnande hetta? Konflikten i Afghanistan och i El Salvador var två händelser som inträffade samtidigt och där två av världens stormakter på den tiden var inblandande, USA och Sovjetunionen. Metoden som använts är idéanalys som ska synliggöra partiernas åsikter och tankar kring frågan genom att leta efter värdeladdade ord. Bjereld och Demkers teoretiska perspektiv angående ideologiernas roll i utrikesdebatter har använts som ett analytiskt verktyg. Utöver detta har även definitioner av de olika ideologierna använts i samma syfte som Bjereld och Demkers teori. Uppsatsen visade att de politiska partierna ofta agerade enligt sina grundideologier men att det fanns tillfällen då de uttalade sig eller tog parti för något som inte stämde överens med ideologierna. Det har även kommit fram att dagens blockpolitik gick att hitta spår från redan på 1980-talet men då i ett mindre format. Utöver detta har resultatet även visat att det fanns en tydlig linje och uppdelning inom riksdagspartierna under denna tid. En delning där högerpartierna det Moderata samlingspartiet och Folkpartiet drog sig mer åt väst medan Socialdemokraterna och Vänsterpartiet närmade sig öst och Sovjetunionen och att detta märktes tydligt i debatterna. 

  • Eriksson, David
    et al.
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    The Role of Consumer Insight in New Product Development and Its Impact on Supply Chain Management: A Swedish Case Study2010In: Innovative Process Optimization Methods in Logistics: Emerging trends, concepts and technologies / [ed] Thorsten Blecker, Wolfgang Kersten, Christian Lüthje, Berlin, 2010, 113-126 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to explore how a profound consumer understanding may influence the early stages of a new product development (NPD) process. The issue is examined through a qualitative single case study combined with a literature review. The case study shows how the NPD process is structured and executed in a Swedish furniture company as well as the role consumer insight plays in that process. Empirical data have been collected mainly from in-depth interviews with persons representing senior and middle management in the case company. The research reveals that consumer oriented, cross-functional NPD in the case company has a strong impact on internal collaboration, and aligns the goals between different departments and functions within the company. Despite inefficiencies on departmental level, effectiveness on company level is achieved. Early indications show an expected growth in contribution margins by 8 percentage.

  • Karlsson, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Historiskt perspektiv på genus i skönlitteratur: Genusstrukturer i skönlitterära klassiker från 1850-talet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I uppsatsen görs en kvalitativ textanalys av tre böcker utgivna under 1850-talet. Studien har ett genushistoriskt perspektiv. I böckerna undersöks vilka bilder det finns av manligt och kvinnligt och relationen mellan dessa manligheter och kvinnligheter. Syftet med studien är att synliggöra dessa bilder och relationer. Skönlitteratur behandlar hur författaren tolkar sin egen samtid och de värden och strukturer som fanns. Därav analyseras genusstrukturerna i böckerna i denna uppsats. Undersökningen har baserats på Joan Scotts teori om att genus utspelas på flera nivåer i samhället och R. W. Connells teori och kategorisering av pluraliteten av maskuliniteter. Utefter Scotts och Connells teorier har ett analysschema skapats som använts i studien. Resultatet visar att bilderna av manligt och kvinnligt överlag liknar varandra i böckerna med några mindre variationer. Det finns både normbyggande och normbrytande karaktärer och relationer i böckerna. Det finns hegemonisk femininitet som står över underordnad maskulinitet samtidigt som det finns hegemoniska maskuliniteter som står över den hegemoniska femininiteten. Det finns även män som genom andra attribut eller tillvägagångssätt uppnår värdet av hegemonisk maskulinitet utan att vara hegemonisk maskulinitet och är då antingen marginaliserad eller delaktig. Det finns exempel på femininiteter som är både överordnad och underordnad samtidigt som det finns femininitet som är dubbelt underordnad. Även maskulinitet kan vara dubbelt underordnad, en underordnad maskulinitet som är underordnad både hegemonisk maskulinitet och hegemonisk femininitet. Därav kan det fastslås att kvinnan inte alltid är undertryckt av män och män är inte alltid den som undertrycker i dessa tre klassiker.

  • Svensson, Johannes
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Barbers and their privileges from 1571: En komparativ studie över Stockholms bardskärämbetes tjugoåtta förordningar från 1571 års skråordning med Malmös bardskärers skråordning från 15442016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Dusper, Zeljka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Att undervisa om krigen i forna Jugoslavien: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur historielärare tänker och resonerar kring undervisning om krigen i forna Jugoslavien2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lagerqvist, Linn
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Uppfostringsanstalt i relation till lagen: En komparativ studie av ideal och praktik kring uppfostringsanstalter 1900-1946.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Gustafsson, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Björk, Martina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Förbättrad säkerhet vid arbete på väg - ur en vägarbetares perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: There are many different risks while working on or close to roads. This is because conditions are very varying on road works and different tasks are being performed at the same time (AV, 2015). According to a survey carried out by SEKO (2011) seven out of ten road workers are worrying about working on or close to roads because of the lack of safety. But the fear is not groundless, according to a survey carried out by Liljegren and Szafran-Kzdrój (2014) 2935 accidents related to road works happened between year 2003-2012 where road workers were involved in 139 of the total cases. Efforts to create a better work environment are taking place daily but there are still road workers that get injured or even killed during work. The aim with this report is therefore to examine how roadworkers safety can be improved during roadworks.

    Method: This survey is a case study, which aims to illustrate the reality. In order to answer the questioning formulation, three different methods have been used. A literature study was first completed to understand how far previous research has come and after that a document analysis of valid laws and regulations was made. The third method used was qualitative interviews, which is the most important foundation for the result.

    Findings: Risks that occur in road work zones often arises because of the passing traffic. High speed along with reckless drivers or drivers that act aggressive are great risk factors. These risk factors also contribute to mental illness such as stress and anxiety. Physical problems are also a cause of bad work environment with dusty or noisy surroundings. The shared solution to solve these problems are diversion or to reduce speed even more past road work zones. This is though easier said than done because the road maintenance often wats to keep a high traffic volume during the time a road work is performed.

    Implications: Risks in road work zones are lower when a traffic diversion is applied or when traffic can pass in a satisfactory way. Unfortunately, these actions are not being applied in such extent as wanted by the road workers. To minimise risks in road work zones the contractors' have to start compile and together ask for higher standards. When traffic diversion can’t be applied must recommended speed be reduced even more.

    Limitations: All interviews were conducted with people working in the same company but in different business areas, within the county of Jönköping. This was because different opinions about the problem were asked for. It is though difficult to decide whether or not the result is generalizable, because only people within the same county and company were interviewed.

  • Sandberg, Erik
    et al.
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Jafari, Hamid
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Retail supply chain responsiveness: A systematic literature review and future research agenda2016In: NOFOMA 2016 - Proceedings of the 28th Annual Nordic Logistics Research Network Conference, Turku: University of Turku , 2016, 719-721 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Dag
    University College of Borås, Sweden.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland and University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Differentiated Supply Chains Strategies Based on Customer Insights2008In: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM 2008), Skövde, 30/6-2/7, 2008., 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Supply chains satisfy customers by striving for delivering the right products to the right place at the right time, atthe right quality and at the right quantity within an increasingly faster pace and lower cost. One implication thatcan be made from this is that the nature of markets is the point of departure in both supply chain design andoperations. Given that organizations usually offer a wide range of products and services with different supplyand demand characteristics, one could argue that organizations conduct business in various types of noncoherentbusiness environments. There has been a recognition that ‘one-size-fits-all’ supply chain strategies onlysatisfies a limited number of business environments, and that it is increasingly necessary to develop severaldifferentiated supply chain strategies to satisfy all major business environments in a better way. This paperemploys a descriptive case study approach to illustrate how a case company develops differentiated supplychains based on customer insights. Case study findings reveal that one efficient way to develop differentiatedsupply chain strategies is to combine different supply and delivery methods into supply chain solutions. Bycombining relatively few supply and delivery methods it is possible to develop several differentiated supply chainstrategies.

  • Danielsson, Angelica
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Ekberg, Sara
    Jönköping University.
    Konsumentens roll i varumärket: En kvalitativ fallstudie om uppfattningarna kring Systembolaget som varumärke2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Systembolaget is a state owned company with the assignment to control alcohol consumption in Sweden. As a part of this, they shall inform society about the risks of alcohol, which is mediated through their brand. We found an interest to research and analyze how consumers perceive Systembolaget as a brand in relation to this assignment, and thereby create a deeper understanding of their brand image and thus their brand identity.

    In order to answer the purpose of the study, we have conducted a qualitative case study. Furthermore, we have examined the consumer perceptions through an interview methodology. The empirical data were analyzed using phenomenographic methodology, which lastly has been compared to an analysis model that emerged from previous research.

    The theoretical framework is based on the later years of research which states that consumers can be seen as co-creators of the brand. Hence, the theory is adapted in accordance with this research and centered on the understanding that consumer perceptions, i.e. the image, also affects brand identity.

    The result shows inconsistencies in the brand image of Systembolaget. The respondents generally have positive experiences in contact with the brand, but the perceptions are strongly influenced by associations linked to the company's state assignment. We find a strong link between the different aspects included in our analysis model, which aims to analyze the various parts of the brand image. There is a clear coherence between the aspects, and in line with previous research, we can see that they both affect and are affected by each other. 

  • Östhed, Christopher
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Börjesson, Sebastian
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Att gestalta en mördare: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av Jönköpings-Postens och Jminis rapportering om ett uppmärksammat brott.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We are living in an era where the media landscape is constantly changing and where actors

    are forced to make adoptions to survive. In journalism, it has mainly been about the

    transition to a more tabloid news content (i.e sensational, personalized and entertaining

    content). This paper has aimed to compare how the double murders in Hökensås and

    Norrahammar was framed in the two local newspapers Jönköping-Posten and Jmini 2015;

    and to investigate whether these portrayals were tabloid or not. To answer this aim, we

    conducted a content analysis with media logic dramaturgy as analysis model. The analysis

    and discussion has been set against a theoretical background of journalism, tabloidization,

    framing theory and media ethics. The result of our analysis can be divided into three parts.

    First, Jmini focused on the crime and the offender, while Jönköping-Posten focused on the

    investigation. Secondly, Jmini was unilateral in its reporting, unlike Jönköping-Posten, who

    featured several perspectives. Thirdly, the two newspapers had great similarities in how they

    portrayed the victims who was given a limited space. The results in relation to our theoretical

    background showed that the two newspapers had adapted its content to the format. However,

    Jmini had made major adjustments, which sometimes contributed to the publicity rules were

    breached to the advantage of the media logic dramaturgy. Our conclusion was that this could

    be an indication of tabloidization.

  • Olsson, Sanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Wiksholm, Ebba
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Vi är rika och unga och har det jävligt jävligt najs": En kritisk diskursanalys av reality-programmet Ung och bortskämd2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Parkic, Barbara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Forsell, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Spelets regler: En retorisk analys av Mobilbets och Unibets reklamfilmer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is researching gambling-commercials that aired on Swedish television channels, and examines how Mobilbet and Unibet uses rhetorical tools in their tv commercials with the form of beliefs by arguments: ethos, pathos and logos.

    Four commercials were investigated, two of which that were condemned by the Advertising Union representative and the remaining two have been broadcast on television in the fall of 2016. The study will introduce relevant background information about tv commercials, rhetoric, regulations within the ICC and Marketing Practises Act.

    The analysis is based methodologically from the rhetoric analysis six-step model of Karlberg and Mral in order to be able to break down the tv commercials context into smaller parts, and undertake a comprehensive compilation and analysis. The model is based on the six stages and with the help from these steps and related issues, it was helpful for the rhetorical analysis in order for it to be able to carry on and research the selected commercials.

    The study has shown that both Mobilbet and Unibet use ethos-, pathos- and logoargument to convince through their advertising. The logo argument Mobilbet and Unibet used in their commercials from 2013/2014 do not have enough of support arguments. Unibet has been the company that has demonstrated the clear changes in their use of rhetoric tools in the tv commercials from autumn 2016 in their way of convince, because they have tried to strengthen their logo arguments with more supporting arguments.

  • Vera Contreras, Vanessa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Carlsson, Rebecca
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Följ strömmen eller drunkna: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av hur livsstilsbudskap på Facebook påverkar unga kvinnor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about whether lifestyle message on Facebook affects young women. The purpose has been to reinforce previous research that shows that people are influenced by advertising. Moreover, has been to the depths to find out how this contributes to the young women affected by lifestyle message.

    In order to fulfill the purpose of the study and answer the question empirical data has been collected by using Small-N-studies. It included interviews with six participating young women, where it was taken out how they experienced advertising on Facebook, thoughts about the norms and interaction with Facebook. It was also prepared some basis for the interviews and it was to obtain an overview of the advertising that appeared on the respondents news feeds on Facebook.

    The findings of the study on the basis of theory and empirical evidence shows that lifestyle messages on Facebook affects young women. However, it is difficult to measure how and to what extent lifestyle message on Facebook influence because there are so many other factors that affect people. But one can say that this is an alternate reality for young people today and that they spend much of their time there. Businesses and friends are the ones who create the content on Facebook and that they can interact with each other is a factor that makes this a channel where advertising affect some extra.

    The limitations of the study was the relationship to the respondents because it can interfere with the distancing. It would have been desirable to do more of in-depth interviews to analyze more data and enhance the study even more, but because of time and lack of resources it was not possible. It would also have been desirable to study more in depth in the various theories that have been raised in the study, and also spend more time on the search for information within digital media and young people's use of Facebook, because it was difficult to find relevant research and theories. 

  • He, Kaifei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing - Surface technology. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Jin, Man
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Cyber-Physical systems for maintenance in Industry 4.02016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As two emerging terms in industry field, “Industry 4.0” and “Cyber-Physical System” have attracted an increasing amount of attention from both researchers and manufactures. Available advanced technologies brought by these terms, offers possible solutions and improvements for future maintenance. The purpose of the thesis is to identify how Industry 4.0 integrates with Cyber-Physical Systems regarding maintenance management and the requirements for companies to reach the ideal smart factory. Two researcher questions were studied to fulfill the purpose. Firstly, identifying the integration between Industry 4.0 and CPS regarding maintenance functions. Secondly, to investigate how such integration contribute to maintenance management in an ideal future factory.

  • Thor, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Karolinska institutet.
    Olsson, Daniel
    Karolinska institutet.
    Nordenström, Jörgen
    Karolinska institutet.
    The design, fate and impact of a hospital-wide training program in evidence-based medicine for physicians: An observational study2016In: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 16, 86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Many doctors fail to practice Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) effectively, in part due to insufficient training. We report on the design, fate and impact of a short learner-centered EBM train-the-trainer program aimed at all 2400 doctors at the Karolinska University Hospital in Sweden on the heels of a tumultuous merger, focusing particularly on whether it affected the doctors' knowledge, attitudes and skills regarding EBM. 

    Methods: We used a validated EBM instrument in a before-and-after design to assess the impact of the training. Changes in responses were analyzed at the individual level using the Wilcoxon matched pairs test. We also reviewed documentation from the program - including the modular EBM training schedule and the template for participants' Critically Appraised Topic reports - to describe the training's content, design, conduct, and fate. 

    Results: The training, designed to be delivered in modules of 45 min totaling 1.5 days, failed to reach most doctors at the hospital, due to cost cutting pressures and competing demands. Among study participants (n = 174), many reported suboptimal EBM knowledge and skills before the training. Respondents' strategies for solving clinical problems changed after the training: the proportion of respondents reporting to use (or intend to use) secondary sources "Often/very often" changed from 5 % before the training to 76 % after the training; in parallel, reliance on textbooks and on colleagues fell (48 to 23 % and 79 to 65 %, respectively). Participants' confidence in assessing scientific articles increased and their attitudes toward EBM became more positive. The proportion of correct answers in the EBM knowledge test increased from 52 to 71 %. All these changes were statistically significant at p < 0.05. 

    Conclusions: Many study participants, despite working at a university hospital, lacked basic EBM knowledge and skills and used the scientific literature suboptimally. The kind of short learner-centered EBM training evaluated here brought significant improvements among the minority of hospital doctors who were able to participate and, if applied widely, could contribute to better, safer and more cost-effective care.

  • Goodman, Daisy
    et al.
    Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, USA.
    Ogrinc, Greg
    Veterans Health Administration, USA.
    Davies, Louise
    Veterans Health Administration, USA.
    Baker, G. Ross
    University of Toronto, Canada.
    Barnsteiner, Jane
    University of Pennsylvania, USA.
    Gali, Kari
    Cleveland Clinic Children’s Hospital, USA.
    Hilden, Joanne
    Colorado Children’s Hospital, USA.
    Horwitz, Leora
    New York University, USA.
    Kaplan, Heather C.
    Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, USA.
    Leis, Jerome
    University of Toronto, Canada.
    Matulis, John C.
    Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, USA.
    Michie, Susan
    University College, UK.
    Miltner, Rebecca
    University of Alabama, USA.
    Neily, Julia
    Veterans Health Administration, USA.
    Nelson, William A.
    Geisel School of Medicine, USA.
    Niedner, Matthew
    University of Michigan Medical Center, USA.
    Oliver, Brant
    MGH Institute of Health Professions, USA.
    Rutman, Lori
    Seattle Children’s Hospital, USA.
    Thomson, Richard
    Newcastle University, UK.
    Thor, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Explanation and elaboration of the SQUIRE (Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence) Guidelines, V.2.0: Examples of SQUIRE elements in the healthcare improvement literature2016In: BMJ Quality and Safety, ISSN 2044-5415, E-ISSN 2044-5423, Vol. 25, no 12, e7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since its publication in 2008, SQUIRE (Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence) has contributed to the completeness and transparency of reporting of quality improvement work, providing guidance to authors and reviewers of reports on healthcare improvement work. In the interim, enormous growth has occurred in understanding factors that influence the success, and failure, of healthcare improvement efforts. Progress has been particularly strong in three areas: the understanding of the theoretical basis for improvement work; the impact of contextual factors on outcomes; and the development of methodologies for studying improvement work. Consequently, there is now a need to revise the original publication guidelines. To reflect the breadth of knowledge and experience in the field, we solicited input from a wide variety of authors, editors and improvement professionals during the guideline revision process. This Explanation and Elaboration document (E&E) is a companion to the revised SQUIRE guidelines, SQUIRE 2.0. The product of collaboration by an international and interprofessional group of authors, this document provides examples from the published literature, and an explanation of how each reflects the intent of a specific item in SQUIRE. The purpose of the guidelines is to assist authors in writing clearly, precisely and completely about systematic efforts to improve the quality, safety and value of healthcare services. Authors can explore the SQUIRE statement, this E&E and related documents in detail at http://www.squire-statement.org.

  • Umoren Olande, Gladys
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Syn på arbetsförmåga hos personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar: Välfärdsaktörernas tolkning av arbetslinjen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genomförda studien har avsett att undersöka hur arbetslinjens intentioner tolkats av välfärdssektorerna avseende synen på arbetsförmåga hos personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar. Aktörerna som har studerats är Arbetsförmedlingen och Försäkringskassa. För att besvara studiens frågeställningar har inspelade intervjuer genomförts med representanter från Arbetsförmedlingen och Försäkringskassa. Analys av genomförda intervjuer har visat at det sker en viss förändring kring synen på arbetsförmåga hos personer med psykiska funktionhinder. Det har uppmärksammats ett visst fokusskifte från diagnosstyrd bedömning av arbetsförmåga till en mer social. Detta kännetecknar den institutionaliseringsprocessen som arbetslinjen har initierat inom Arbetsförmedlingen och Försäkringskassa.. Institutionaliseringsprocessen likställs i studien med en förändringsprocess och har sin utgångspunkt i Arbetsförmedlingens attitydförändrande arbete som riktas mot arbetsgivare. Dock har det visat sig att institutionaliseringsprocess är på ett tidigt stadie och resursbrist hos flera rehabiliteringsaktörer bidrar att arbetslinjens intentioner blir svåra att förverkliga. Målgruppen är väldigt bred och har en sammansatt problematik. Dock har det kommit fram under intervjuerna att den enskildes svårigheter tenderar att generaliseras vilket leder att stödåtgärder inte blir individanpassade.

  • Magnusson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Andersson, Caroline
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Malmberg, Marie-Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Upplevelser vid övergång till insulinbehandling hos personer med DiabetesMellitus typ 2: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes type 2 is now one of the world’s diseases and an increasing public health problem. More than 75% of people with diabetes mellitus type 2 who are in transition to insulin therapy experience the transition to a difficult challenge.Aim: Was to describe how people with diabetes mellitus type 2 experience the transition to insulin therapy.Method: Literature review outgoing from articles that had a qualitative design. 14 articles were analyzed.Results: These presented in three main categories and seven subcategories. During the transition to insulin therapy patients experienced worry for potential pain and side effects. Anxiety about transition to insulin therapy because ignorance of insulin´s effect on the body and guilt about their own inability to manage the disease was described. Social and practical changes in everyday life such anxiety about self-care and reduced flexibility was experienced. Anticipated positive effects of insulin for their health contributed to make the transition easier.Conclusions: To facilitate the transition required individualized information to both the patient and his family about disease progression, treatment and the impact on the body in the early stages of the disease. The results are expected to provide greater insight into how people with type 2 diabetes experience transition to insulin therapy, to thus provide adequate support to these people.Keyword: Diabetes Mellitus type 2, insulin therapy, psychological insulin resistance, experiences

  • Granath, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Karlsson, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Magyarovari, IzaBella
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Upplevelser av att leva med synnedsättning orsakad av åldersrelaterade kroniska ögonsjukdomar - en littaraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Jensen, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Stenberg, Linnéa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Empowerment och egenvård vid diabetes mellitus typ II2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Diabetes mellitus typ 2 (DMT2) är en snabbt växande sjukdom i dagens samhälle. Vid diabetes är egenvård viktigt och ett stort ansvar ligger på individen. Att ha en hälsosam livsstil kan göra mycket för att minska risken för komplikationer och för att skapa balans i sitt dagliga liv. Empowerment vid diabetes kan vara viktigt för att känna sig trygg och för att känna kontroll över sin sjukdom.

    Syfte: Att beskriva empowerment och egenvårdsförmåga hos personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2.

    Metod: Examensarbetet genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt och baserades på 12 vetenskapliga studier med kvantitativ ansats. Dataanalys genomfördes enligt Fribergs trestegsmodell.

    Resultat: Ett positivt samband kunde ses mellan empowerment och egenvårds-förmåga hos personer med DMT2. Kunskap och utbildning har visats vara viktigt för att skapa trygghet. Hög känsla av empowerment och god egenvårdsförmåga har visat sig ha en reducerande effekt på HbA1c-värdet.

    Slutsats: Utbildning i empowerment kan tillämpas för att främja personer med DMT2 egenvårdsförmåga. Det är betydelsefullt att vårdpersonal har god kunskap kring empowerment för att kunna ge råd och stöd till personer med diabetes, och för att kunna skapa en god vårdrelation.

  • Aboutouk, Rana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Forsberg, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Erfarenheter av egenvård hos personer med diabetes typ 22017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Bakgrund: Antalet personer med diabetes Mellitus typ 2 växer snabbt i världen. Egenvård krävs för att bromsa progressionen av DMT2 och förhindra eller fördröja komplikationer. Många personer med DMT2 sköter emellertid inte sin egenvård enligt rekommendationer.

    Syftet: Att beskriva erfarenheter av egenvård hos personer med DMT2.

    Metod: Med hjälp av Fribergs femstegsmodell gjordes en litteraturöversikt av elva kvalitativa studier om erfarenheter av egenvård hos personer med DMT2.

    Resultat: Att integrera egenvården i vardagen är en utmaning. Familjen och vårdpersonalen har en nyckelroll och kan utgöra såväl ett hinder som ett stöd för egenvården. Andra personer med diabetes upplevs som ett entydigt positivt stöd. Att acceptera sjukdomen är en förutsättning för att kunna bedriva egenvården. Brist på förståelse och okunskap kring DMT2 utgör ett hinder mot egenvård. Personliga mål och feedback är avgörande för motivationen.

    Slutsatser: Socialt stöd, acceptans av sjukdomen, positiv feedback och individualiserad information upplevs underlätta egenvård.

  • Jacoub, Iman
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Rommestam, Rosalie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva med hiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

     

    Background: HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that breaks down the body's immune system. When the decomposition process going as far, the person develops aids (aquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Today there are effective antiretroviral treatments which make the person with hiv, have nearly the same possibilities to live like a person, who don’t have this disease. There are some fears in the society for this disease related to the stigmatization, which results to experience of discrimination and stigmatization for those persons living with it. Bad attitudes against hiv may come from relatives, health professionals and other parts of society. Objective: The objective was to describe the experiences of the suffering of persons living with hiv. Method: A qualitative content analysis of deductive design has been used in the study. Four autobiographies were analyzed. Katie Ericsson's theory of suffering was used in the analysis. Result: The persons experienced stigma in contact with health services and the community, which created unnecessary suffering and a variety of complex emotions. Conclusion: Health professionals and the public needs more knowledge about hiv to stigma is repealed. To create well-being requires an empathetic approach, support and continuity in the meeting with health professionals.

     

  • Skönås, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Rogö, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter från olika kulturer: Intervjuer med sjuksköterskor på vårdcentraler2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Den kulturella mångfalden har ökat bland hälso-och sjukvårdens patienter. Kulturen har betydelse för patientens hälsa och det är därför betydelsefullt att sjuksköterskor kan vårda över kulturgränser. Det påverkar samspelet mellan patient och sjuksköterska och hur väl de förstår varandra.

     

    Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter från olika kulturer.

     

    Metod: Kvalitativ intervjustudie med induktiv ansats. Datainsamling genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med sjuksköterskor som arbetade på vårdcentraler. I dataanalysen gjordes en manifest innehållsanalys enligt Lundman och Hällgren Graneheim (2009).

     

    Resultat: Två kategorier och åtta underkategorier identifierades i studien.  Kategori ett är erfarenheter av Komplexa vårdsituationer med underkategorierna; Språkliga barriärer försvårar vårdandet, Patienter har olika uttryckssätt och Patienter har varierande förväntningar på vården. Kategori två är erfarenheter av att Se individen med underkategorierna; Sjuksköterskors egenskaper påverkar bemötandet, Sjuksköterskors kunskap påverkar förståelsen, Stress och dagsform påverkar förståelsen, Organisatoriska faktorer påverkar förståelsen och Patientens sociala situation varierar.

     

    Slutsats: Det kan uppstå komplexa situationer i vården av patienter från olika kulturer. Många faktorer så som kunskap, stress och organisation påverkar sjuksköterskors förståelse för patienter. Det är viktigt att se individen. Reflektion i ämnet bidrar till att öka sjusköterskors medvetenhet, kunskap och förståelse för kulturens betydelse i vården.

     

    Nyckelord: Kulturell mångfald, Intervjuer, Omvårdnad, Primärvård, Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter

  • Rapp, Stephan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School Based Research and Professional Development.
    Skoglund, Peter
    Linnéuniversitetet .
    Skolans juridifiering: Ett skolchefsperspektiv2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler stämmor höjs mot det som man upplever som en juridifiering av skolväsendet och kritik riktas mot att skolans personal inte har tid med pedagogiska frågor då de måste hålla koll på juridiken. Samtidigt finns andra röster som säger att i en verksamhet med myndighetsutövande inslag måste arbetet styras av en juridisk reglering. I den här rapporten gör vi inledningsvis en historisk tillbakablick i syfte att bättre försöka förstå bakgrunden till skolans förändrade juridiska styrning. Härigenom kan vi också kasta ljus över varför juridiken alltmer kommit att fokuseras i skolan under senare tid. Vi kommer vidare att på ett konkret plan redovisa delar av den juridiska regleringen av skolans verksamhet och diskutera det som idag allt mer kommit att benämnas som en juridifiering av skolväsendet.

    Vad handlar då denna juridifiering om? Det som ofta diskuteras är en starkare central styrning men detta räcker inte för att förstå de pågående förändringarna. Ett ökat fokus på den enskilde elevens rättigheter är ett kännetecken för den pågående juridifieringen. Det handlar om rättigheter till korrekt behandling, stöd och möjligheter att överklaga beslut. Ett förtydligande av individens rättigheter bör ses som en positiv utveckling av verksamheten även om det innebärett mer omfattande regelverk. En annan förändring, och kanske bidragande orsak till att regelverket förstärks, är möjligheten för privata aktörer att inordna sig i ett förvaltningsrättsligt regelsystem somtidigare i stort sett varit förbehållet den offentliga sektorn. Detta ökar samtidigt kraven på rättssäkerhetsregler för att skapa ett gemensamt ramverk inom vilket skolverksamheten ska ske.

    Mot bakgrund av den ökade juridifieringen blir det intressant att diskutera skolchefens roll och möjligheter att påverka. Skolchefsuppdraget är till skillnad mot rektorsuppdraget inte reglerat i lag men samtidigt har skolchefen en central position som huvudmannens företrädare. Och det är i huvudmannens intresse att värna om elevernas rättigheter. I detta arbete utgör juridifieringen ett viktigt skyddsnät men de huvudsakliga frågorna bör handla om att stärka pedagogik, lärande och ett gott ledarskap i skolan.

  • Bramliden, Sandra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ferm, Amelia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Jonasson, Natalie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Personer med demenssjukdom och deras dagliga liv, en litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det finns en mängd olika demenssjukdomar och av världens befolkning är 47,7 miljoner människor drabbade. Kunskapsnivån om sjukdomen är låg hos sjuksköterskor och vårdpersonal, vilket kan leda till att personen med demenssjukdom upplever ett lidande.

    Syfte: Att beskriva upplevelsen av att leva med demenssjukdom.

    Metod: Litteraturöversikt gjordes med kvalitativ design och induktiv analys.

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i fyra teman; Livet är inte längre som det brukar vara, Det är viktigt att fortfarande vara behövd, Stödjande omgivning har stor betydelse samt Att kastas mellan hopp och förtvivlan. Resultatet visade att personer med demenssjukdom genomgår många förändringar i samband med sjukdomen, och att de är i behov av en stödjande omgivning för att deras välbefinnande ska bevaras.  

    Slutsats: Personer som lever med demenssjukdom upplever att deras självbild förändras, förluster av olika slag och att värdigheten är svår att bevara. Vårdpersonalens kunskap om demenssjukdomar är låg och kunskapsnivån påverkar bemötandet med personerna. Ett bättre bemötande stärker personerna med demenssjukdom och kan öka deras välbefinnande.

  • Englund, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Persson, Evelina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Young women's sexual and reproductive health and rights in Ecuador2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Kaidalova, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Science and Informatics. University of Skövde, School of Informatics, Skövde, Sweden.
    Dealing with enterprise-IT and product-IT in a manufacturing enterprise - Towards integration in enterprise architecture management2016In: PoEM-DC 2016: Doctoral Consortium Papers at PoEM 2016 / [ed] Kurt Sandkuhl, Eva Söderström, Aachen: Jeusfeld c/o Redaktion Sun SITE, Informatik V, RWTH Aachen , 2016, Vol. 1765, 32-39 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an idea for doctoral thesis in the area of Enterprise Architecture Management (EAM). The aim of the thesis is to come up with an integrated way to deal with enterprise-IT and product-IT within EAM practice and investigate the role of participative Enterprise Modeling (EM) in this context. 

  • Thorén, Martina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. 790316-2506.
    Norviit, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Personers erfarenheter av stomi: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Idag lever runt 25 000 personer i Sverige med stomi. Dessa personers erfarenheter är att kroppsbilden förändras, skötsel av stomin krävs men även sociala situationer kan påverkas och tycks medföra att personer med stomi mår sämre än andra. Mer kvalitativ forskning om att leva med stomi skulle kunna bidraga till att personerna med stomi får det enklare att hantera både stomin och nya livssituationen.

    Syfte: Studiens syfte var att beskriva personers erfarenheter med stomi.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats har gjorts. Sökningarna skede i Medline, Cinalh och psykInfo databaser. Tolv vetenskapliga artiklar kvalitetsgranskades och analyserades med hjälp av Fribergs femstegsmetod. Vidare skedde analysen med induktiv ansats.

    Resultat: I resultatet framkom det att personer som lever med stomi både har problem med begränsningar och förändringar i livet efter operationen. Familj, vänner och partner är viktiga för individen att återfå kontrollen över sitt liv och för att få en stärkt självkänsla igen

    Slutsats: Viktigt för personer med stomi är att lära sig leva, acceptera och hantera stomin för att få ett meningsfullt liv.

  • Fransson, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Westerlund, Olivia
    Jönköping University.
    Livet efter en gastric bypass-operation: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Carlström, Sunanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Larsson, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    ”Ska du vara med i Spårlöst?”: en studie om hur Spårlöst framställer internationell adoption och internationellt adopterade2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our perception is that international adoption and international adoptees often are associated with the tv-program Spårlöst shown on TV4. This could mean that the program may have a great influence over the images of adoption and adoptees shown in media. Therefore, we have chosen to do a qualitative text analysis which examines how Spårlöst portrays international adoption and international adoptees. The purpose of the study is to highlight and critically view the portrayals. We hope our study will contribute to a more including media society concerning adoption and adoptees.

    The study is based on constructivism and its orientation on social constructionism. The study’s analytical material is chosen from the episodes that were shown in the fall season of 2016 by using the dramaturgical curve. We can interpret the content of the text and distinguish the portrayals in the program by using the hermeneutics. The interpretations are also supported by the principle of charity. The study’s conclusions are that international adoption mainly is portrayed as a way to better conditions, but also as a profit organization and as unsafe. Further conclusions are that adoptees often are portrayed as positive towards their adoption. The adoptees are also portrayed as identity seeking and curious people. The study also shows that adoptees value relationships within the family.

  • Ekeroth, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Från intensiven till en allmän vårdavdelning: Personalens erfarenheter av samvårdssjuksköterskans funktion i samband med ett förbättringsarbete för att skapa patientsäkra överflyttningar2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    From the ICU to a general ward- Employees experience off a liason nurse function associated with an improvement work for creating patient secured transmissions

     

    Background: Displacement of patients is, according to Swedish intensive care register, a risk – a particularly high security risk for those who move from an intensive care unit to a general ward. Since the great gap in level of care can lead to complications and risk of reentry, the discharge process from an ICU is often complicated and underestimated. ICU in Malmö decided to, through an improvement procedure, change their discharge process.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of this improvement is to create conditions for an ideal transfer from ICU to general wards.

     

    The purpose of the study of the improvement is to investigate the different micro systems’ coworkers’ experience of the improvement procedure as in the new role of being a liaison.

     

    Method:  The Method used in the improvement procedure is Nolan’s improvement model.

    The study is a case study with qualitative contain analysis.

     

    Results: The improvement procedure did not reach desirable readings – reduction of reentries, nocturnal discharges and an increase of discharges before twelve o’clock failed to appear.

     

    Additional patients were discharged with accomplished checklists together with a liaison who supported the process, before, after and during the transfer.

     

    The study showed that the experience of the liaison was his/her professionalism, ability of learning and participation.

     

    Conclusion: The improvement procedure’s main cause to create ideal conditions for a secure displacement of patients from ICU to general wards is partly accomplished; the liaison reinforces the process before, after and during the transfer.

  • Persson, Berit
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Nilsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Transition till palliativ vård - patienters upplevelser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: When life due to illness is approaching the end and death is near, often the patient is informed that curative treatment must be discontinued and that care instead focus on symptom relief and to get a worthy last time in life. The transition from everyday life to palliative care can be seen as a health-related transition that affects the patient's life-world.Purpose: To describe patients' experience of the transition from everyday life to palliative care. Method: A literature overview with inductive design has been conducted. Ten articles with qualitative analysis were included. With the help of Friberg's five-step model, the articles have been reviewed, processed and analyzed. Result: The result shows that patients in the transition from everyday life to the palliative care experience feelings of uncertainty and loss. Support in the transition affect patients' experiences of hope and dignity. The result also shows that early introduction to palliative care affects the sense of safety and dignity. The results presented in five themes, Uncertainty, Loss, Hope, Support and Dignity. Conclusion: Patients experiencing insecurity and uncertainty in the transition from everyday life to palliative care. Early introduction to palliative care with support from nurses and relatives in the transition creates security and dignity.

  • Ryberg Modeland, Alexander
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Tänk utanför bollen: En komparativ studie mellan en lokal idrottsverksamhet och nationell idrottsverksamhet åren 1912-19272017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Pennlöv, Henric
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Jag blir inte i Yngsjö: En hermeneutisk analys av rättegångarna i Yngsjömordet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Natten mellan den 27:e och 28:e april 1889 mördas HannaJohansdotter på den skånska landsbygden i Yngsjö. Hon tas avdaga av sin man, Per Nilsson, och sin svärmor, Anna Månsdotter.Under rättegången i Villands häradsrätt utvecklas händelsentill en utredning som varade i drygt nio månaders tid där debåda anklagade gjort sig skyldiga till mycket mer än bara mord.Den här undersökningens syfte är att genom en hermeneutisktextanalys utröna vilka de anklagade, Anna Månsdotter och PerNilsson, var som personer med utgångspunkt i Villandshäradsrätts rättegångsprotokoll. Uppsatsen tar avstamp i AnjaPetersens teori kring rättsväsendets framställningar av enmanlig och kvinnlig våldsbrottsling där den manligebrottslingen som aggressiv och våldsam till sin natur och denkvinnlige brottslingen som ett offer för sina omständigheter.I fallet med Yngsjömordet visar det sig att båda dessakaraktäriseringar ger sig uttryck under rättegången. Dock ärtillämpningen av dessa karaktärsdrag applicerade på motsattkön. Per Nilsson blir, enligt Petersens teori, den kvinnligebrottslingen och Anna Månsdotter blir den manlige.

  • Svensson, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Vem har legat hos vem?: En källkritisk studie om nattfrieriet i Dalarna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Moritz, Max
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Community: - En studie av rättviseprinciper på Facebook2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Max Moritz

     

    Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka om Facebooks community-sida bygger på skäliga principer för dess användare, vilka rättigheter och skyldigheter dessa har och om ett skäligt samarbetssystem kan upprättas på community-sidan. För att besvara uppsatsens frågeställningar används John Rawls tankemodell ursprungspositionen som appliceras på principerna. Uppsatsens teoretiska grund byggs utifrån John Rawls teori rättvisa som skälighet och Thomas Hobbes Leviathan, för att visa på hur Facebook kan definieras som ett digitalt samhälle och därmed bli ett föremål för den här typen av undersökning. Uppsatsen belyser också de förändringar som skett på webben och sätter förändringen i relation till uppsatsen.

     

    Resultatet visar att community-sidan bygger på skäliga principer, att användarna har en rättighet att inte behöva utsättas för trakasserier, välja vem som ser inlägg man gör, välja innehåll man vill se, anmäla innehåll och att förmedla sin åsikt till andra användare. Resultatet visar också att användarna har en skyldighet att inte utsätta någon för trakasserier eller mobbning, inte konspirera eller uppmana till våldsbrott, att tänka sin målgrupp och anpassa budskapet med hänsyn i åtanke. Resultatet visar också på att community-sidan kan sägas lägga grunden för ett skäligt samarbetssystem mellan användarna.

  • Wennerstam, Adina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Marias, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva med diabetes typ 1: En litteraturöversikt om ungdomars upplevelser2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Junström, Louise
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Rydberg, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva med diabetes typ två: Litteraturöversikt om individers upplevelser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: For the individual with diabetes type two, which is a chronic disease causes the need of planning and structure to experience health in daily life. It assumes that individuals regulate their own health care in terms of adherence to the treatment plan and the establishment of a healthy lifestyle that is important for the individual's experience of life situation. Self-care is a common concept in diabetes care that places both the demands on the individual but also the family and the nurse in the form of understanding and to provide support if necessary.

    Purpose: To describe individual's experiences of living with diabetes type two.

    Method: Literature review of 14 articles of qualitative method with inductive design and were analyzed with help of Friberg five-step model.

    Results: Living with diabetes type two included the experiences of control and feelings of powerlessness. The disease requires new lifestyle habits, and assumes a positive way of thinking and priority of health. Social support from the surroundings as relatives, acquaintances and nurse at the lack of self-care capacity was valuable to be able to manage the disease and experience health. Fear and anxiety were in individuals face of exclusion to the environment and disease progression.Conclusion: Control was perceived through knowledge and support of the environment and understanding and when the nurse confirmed the person's life situation.

  • Granroth, Jonna
    et al.
    Thuresson, Linda
    Svedenman, Ylva
    Utbrändhet ur sjuksköterskans perspektiv: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Carenborn, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Karlsson, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Empowerment inom palliativ omvårdnad: Ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Empowerment är något som är viktigt för att en person ska uppleva sig

    ha kontroll i sitt sjukdomstillstånd och finna sin behandling meningsfull. Det finns

    många fastslagna arbetsmetoder för att främja empowerment så som utbildning,

    information och goda relationer till sina vårdgivare. Det är också viktigt att se den

    vårdtagande personens resurser och stötta till eget ansvarstagande i sin vård.

    Sjuksköterskan har en viktig roll i processen att erhålla empowerment framförallt

    genom stöttning och att kunna ge god information.

    Syftet: Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att beskriva sjuksköterskans upplevelse av

    hur personer inom palliativ omvårdnad erhåller empowerment.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ design. Nio kvalitativa vetenskapliga

    artiklar inkluderades och analyserades med hjälp av Fribergs femstegsmodell.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att sjuksköterskan anser att det är viktigt att uppmuntra

    till delaktighet vid beslut, bevara värdigheten, främja till en känsla av kontroll och

    vikten av att uppfylla den vårdtagande personens önskningar. Genomförs de här

    delarna i arbetet inom den palliativa omvårdnaden anses det att det finns goda

    förutsättningar för att empowerment erhålls.

  • Bäckman, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Källman, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Heart failure is a common disease and the diagnosis is found in a quarter of a million people in Sweden. The treatment promoted by person-centered care with the participation and adherence of the affected person. This is based on that the nurse increase the understanding of the person's unique situation.

    Aim: To describe people's experiences of living with heart failure

    Methods: A literature review where thirteen qualitative articles were included.

    Results: People with heart failure feel physically limited by their disease. A deterioration in both the physical and mental health appeared. The results were divided into following main categories; limitations in everyday life, changes in mood and changes in the social network.

    Conclusion: It is important that the nurse has a broad knowledge and a comprehensive understanding of heart failure, when it showed a great variation in how people perceive their situation. This promotes an individualized care based on current conditions.

    Keywords: experiences, heart failure, person-centred care

  • Trygg, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Trygg, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Personers hantering av att leva med bröstcancer.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Titel: A persons way to manage how to live with breast cancer.

    Background: Breastcancer is the second most common type of cancer in the world, every third person will be afflicted during their lifetime. To develop cancer does not only affect the afflicted person, but also those who are related.  The person is standing in front of many different treatments as a consequence of the disease, which brings physical and emotional impact. The ability as a nurse to be able to meet and support the person is of the greatest importance so that the person is able to return to the everyday life.

    Purpose: Describe how to cope when living with breastcancer by using different coping strategies.

    Method: A literature review has been done where thirten qualitative  articles  have been included in the result. Fribergs threestepmodel has been used to review, process and analyse the articles.

    Result: The main catergories of coping strategies are problemfocused coping and emotional coping. The subcategories that were formed were; information/knowledge, using religious faith, social support, activities, denial/displacement and the use of positive thinking.

    Conclusion: People looked up information on how to cope with this disease. The use of different beliefs was a common practice. Support from relatives and friends was important. The ability to think about other things than the disease, kept people busy using different activities. Other types of coping strategies were to distance themselves from environments that reminded them about the cancer and to maintain a positive view on life, by taking care of things that are important.