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  • Fransson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Gunnarsson, Liza
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Patienters upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt i vardagen: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic heart failure is a common and severe illness which can have major consequences to a person's health. To be able to give patients a person centered care, ease suffering and facilitate everyday life for patients with chronic heart failure, nurses need knowledge of what it is like to live with heart failure. Nurses need to take regard to the whole person and different aspects of suffering. Aim: To describe patients' experiences of living with chronic heart failure in everyday life. Method: A literature review of scientific papers with a qualitative design. The analysis was based on Friberg’s five step model and was carried out with an inductive approach. Results: Three general themes were identified: Limitations in everyday life, Social impact and Changed emotions. Conclusion: The experience of living with heart failure involves suffering in various dimensions. These understandings are valuable in the design of nursing interventions in heart failure. Nurses should focus on helping patients to handle the experiences caused by heart failure.

  • Kjellerstedt, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Larsson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Tills döden skiljer oss åt: En litteraturöversikt om att vara närstående och vårda en person med cancer i palliativt skede i hemmet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: One of the objectives with palliative care is to improve the quality of life for both the person with cancer diagnosis and their family caregivers. It is a big leap to become a family caregiver. The everyday life and relationships are examples of things that can change for the family caregiver and they are expected to take great responsibility in their caring role.  Aim:  The purpose was to describe family caregivers’ experiences of caring for a person with a cancer diagnosis in a palliative state at home. Method: A literature review with an inductive approach founded on 14 qualitative articles. The search of articles was performed at Medline and CINAHL. Results: The results highlighted three categories with nine subcategories, the categories were; the family caregivers internal experience of the care situation, the family caregivers external experience of the care situation and the family caregiver’s interaction with the environment. Both positive and negative experiences emerged from the family caregivers that cared for a person at home. Support from the healthcare staff and a social network was of great importance in dealing with the feelings. Conclusion: Decisive for the experience of the palliative care at home was support, information and safety – which is enabled by family-focused care.

  • Manzo Menares, Catherin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Abukar, Juweryia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Patienters upplevelser av egenvård vid diabetes mellitus typ 1: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus is a hormonal disorder that causes insulin deficiency characterized by chronic hyperglycemia. Type 1 diabetes mellitus requires a lifelong treatment of insulin, where self-care is a key part of preventing late-onset diabetes mellitus complications. The nurse has an important role to help patients achieve good self-care. Aim: The purpose of the literature review was to describe adult patients' experiences of self-care in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Method: Literature review with a qualitative method that has an inductive design. The results are based on fifteen different scientific articles. Result: Life with diabetes mellitus type 1 was experienced as an ongoing change of strategies and self-negotiation between the advantages and disadvantages in every life-changing event. The experience was also that the healthcare system and family have an impact on the patient’s self-care regime and can either lead to an improved or also impaired self-care. Conclusion: The qualitative articles gave a descriptive result about how people with diabetes mellitus type 1 experience their self-care. The result can give healthcare professionals a better understanding and knowledge of how their support is of great importance in promoting self-care in patients.

  • Turunen, Taina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ulrika, Lagerqvist Eriksson
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenters erfarenheter av kompetens i samband med vård i livets slutskede2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Bakgrund: Alltfler människor är i behov av palliativ vård. Sjuksköterskan har det övergripande ansvaret för omvårdnaden. Att utföra palliativ vård och vård vid livets slut är utmanande och kräver kunskap hos den som vårdar.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenters erfarenheter av kompetens i samband med vård i livets slutskede.

    Metod: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt har genomförts där 13 kvalitativa artiklar ingår.

    Resultat: Analysen av materialet resulterade i två teman. Behov av stöd som handlar om kollegialt stöd och emotionellt stöd samt Behov av kunskap och erfarenhet som handlar om behov av utbildning, kommunikativa erfarenheter samt att känna utveckling i professionen.

    Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenter upplever känslomässiga svårigheter att vårda vid livets slutskede. Det föreligger även brist på utbildning för att erhålla färdigheter och kompetens inom palliativ vård. Ökad utbildning under sjuksköterskeutbildningen och stöd av erfarna handledare och kollegor skulle få dem att känna en ökad trygghet i att vårda vid livets slutskede.

    Nyckelord: Erfarenhet, kunskap, sjuksköterska, sjuksköterskestudent, stöd, vård vid livets slut.

  • Edman, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Faust, Josefin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Basala handhygienrutiner - på en medicinsk akutvårdsavdelning: - En kvantitativ empirisk långtidsuppföljning2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    Backgorund: The preconditions for good and safe care is that the basic hygiene routines are followed within the care. The application of good hand hygiene prevents the spread of infection and health-related infections. Care injuries can increase the length of care and cause suffering for the patient and are therefore a threat to safe care.

    Aim: To investigate the compliance of healthcare professionals to basic hygiene routines, in a medical emergency care department with a focus on hand hygiene.

    Method: A quantitative registry study with long-term follow-up has been performed. The data material was retrieved from the register for Measurement and Analysis (MOA). The observations were collected by hygiene observers at a medical emergency department in southern Sweden in 2013 - 2018. Data was imported into the statistical program SPSS. Descriptive and analytical statistics have been used for analysis.

    Results: In the analysis (n=491) it was found that the adherence to the hand hygiene has shortcomings, the assistant nurses show the highest adherence. Hand rub after patient contact was the element that showed the highest level of compliance. There are shortcomings in hand hygiene overtime as compliance was not hundred percent during all years.

    Conclusion: Adherence to hand hygiene is influenced by many factors. Good and safe care is dependent on the fact that healthcare professionals have knowledge of hand hygiene and the spread of infection. In order for healthcare professionals to improve preventive work towards safer care, the healthcare provider must contribute to new knowledge. Employees are responsible for maintaining and following that knowledge.

  • Roos, Miranda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Andrews, Tilda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Genus i mötet med sjuksköterskan-: spelar patientens genustillhörighet någon roll?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Swedish healthcare, the nurse has a statutory responsibility for an equal care to be provided. It should be of good quality and with respect for the individual patient, regardless of gender. The research available today shows that there could be a difference if you’re a man or a woman when meeting with the nurse.

    Aim: The purpose of the literature review was to shed light on the nurse's experiences of the importance of the patient's gender identity in health care.

    Method: A qualitative literature study with inductive approach and seven qualitative scientific articles were applied in the result.

    Results: The evaluation of the scientific research resulted in three main themes; "Gender differences in diagnostics and treatment”, “Gender differences in behaviour and attitudes" and "Gender differences regarding communication". In the result, several factors emerged that affected the nurse's experience of treatment and diagnostic differences for the patients due to their gender identity. In the nurse's communication with patients, it was also revealed that the nurses have norms and stereotypes which affect the treatment towards the patients as well as their access to care.

    Conclusion: The nurse's knowledge and responsibility for equal care needs to be developed. It was found in the literature study that the patient's gender has significance in the meeting with the nurse and the health care system.

  • Bach, Willy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Vidarsson, Petter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Integrering av en robotgräsklippare i en 3-dimensionell simulering.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med att marknaden för robotgräsklippare ökar så är pressen högre på företag att deras produkt ska vara robust. Detta kan uppnås genom att testerna som görs på robotgräsklipparen testas så fort som möjligt. Genom att skapa en simulering där alla tester genomförs istället för att köra testerna på en fysisk robotgräsklippare kan detta uppnås och utifrån detta utformades forskningsfrågan. För att skapa simuleringen undersöktes först mjukvaror vilket ansågs lämpliga för att utveckla en simulator, detta gjordes via en fallstudie. Dessa har sedan analyserats och jämförts för att till slut bestämma de som ansetts bäst att använda. Med hjälp av de så startade en utveckling av en simulator där hjul- och kollisionsdata hämtades från en fysisk robotgräsklippare och skickades till en virtuell robotgräsklippare. Den färdigställda simulatorn utvärderades vid slutet av arbetet med hjälp av experiment där författarna observerade och jämförde rörelsen hos den fysiska och virtuella robotgräsklipparen. För att utföra denna uppgift så tillämpade arbetet metoden Design science research där det arbetades iterativt vid utvecklingen av simulatorn. Resultatet visar på att det är möjligt att skapa en simulator med de valda mjukvarorna ROS och Gazebo där man kan genomföra simulerade tester. Arbetet visar på ökad kunskap där data från en fysisk robotgräsklippare kan implementeras i 3D-simulatorn Gazebo via ramverket ROS. Studien kan användas som riktlinje i liknande projekt när det kommer till val av mjukvaror och om de är lämpliga. Arbetet begränsas till enbart hjul- och kollisionsdata från den fysiska robotgräsklipparen.

  • Freijd, Emilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Smallay, Smallay
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Patienters upplevelse av att leva med hjärtsvikt - En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Heart failure is a common public health problem which increases in prevalence. It is a leading cause to hospitalizations, morbidity and mortality among the elderly. Since there is no cure availablethe disease requires a health care that focuses on alleviating. The patient can get affected in various ways and it can cause a suffering. To make sure proper support goes to the right patient, there is a need of identifying the individual needs and abilities when it comes to dealing with stressful events. Aim: To describe patients’ experience of living with heart failure Method: A literature review with a qualitative design was conducted including fourteen studies that focuses on the experience from a perspective of patients. Data was collected through the databasesCINAHL, MEDLINE and PsycInfo and applied analyses method was carried out through the method of Friberg. Result: The result revealed three main themes, living restricted in daily life, to reconcile with the new life, in need of help and support. Furthermore, six subthemes emerged, to be affected by shortness of breath and fatigue, emotional and mental reactions, acceptance and an altered self-image, having to adapt with new strategies, support by close relationships, and lack of support from health-care. Conclusion: Through an understanding of the experience of living with heart failure an increased knowledge can be gained about how the needs of the patients practically can be met. Especially since nurses has a responsibilityto promote health, prevent illness, restore health and alleviate suffering through a holistic perspective. Nurses can provide help and support for the patientby supporting the induvial sense of coherence.

  • Gadmar, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Grunnesjö, Agnes
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Anhörignärvaro vid hjärt- och lungräddning: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Äikäs, Jonna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Mayrich, Kamwesay
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Personers erfarenheter av att leva med hemodialys: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Enell, Tina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Claésson, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskans arbete för tidig upptäckt och behandling vid sepsis: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sepsis is a critical condition with varying symptoms that makes it difficult to detect. The mortality is high and the condition causes the patient suffering. Early identification and rapid treatment is important for the patient's health and survival. The nurse is responsible for nursing care, both independent interventions and ordered by physicians.  The nurse needs to work preventing regards patients and providers safety to provide good care.

    Aim: To survey factors for early detection and treatment in the nurse's work with patients having sepsis.

    Method:  A literature overview with quantitative articles and a deductive approach. For selection and collection of data Polit and Becks nine-way model was used. A total of 11 articles was quality reviewed and included to the result. 

    Results: Three factors were found; Education, screening tools and guidelines for treatment of sepsis. Education led to increased knowledge and increased the nurse's ability to identify sepsis. When using guidelines, adherence to treatment measures increased and time to treatment decreased. Furthermore, screening tools and treatment guidelines were found to reduce mortality.

    Conclusion: The nurse is central in the work of early detection and treatment. The nurse screened patients for sepsis, initiated and fulfilled treatment measures. Knowledge, screening tools and guidelines for treatment are required to enable safe care in the case of sepsis.

  • Skoglund, Josefine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att använda kvalitetsregistret Senior Alert: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sveriges befolkning blir allt äldre och med den stigande åldern ökar risken för åldersrelaterade åkommor exempelvis undernäring. Senior alert är ett nationellt kvalitetsregister som ämnar att identifiera trycksår, fall, undernäring, blåsdysfunktion och ohälsa i munnen hos patienter över 65 år, finna orsaker, föreslå relevanta åtgärder samt utvärdera dessa åtgärder. För att identifiera eventuella risker används riskbedömningsinstrument och det är sjuksköterskans ansvar att registreringarna genomförs samt att relevanta åtgärder sätts in.

    Syfte: Att studera sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta med riskbedömningen tillhörande kvalitetsregistret Senior Alert.

    Metod: Sex sjuksköterskor med erfarenhet av att arbeta med Senior Alert verksamma inom en geriatrisk akutvårdsavdelning intervjuades. En kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att bearbeta data som insamlats.

    Resultat: Intervjuerna resulterade i 2 huvudrubriker och 5 underrubriker. Utifrån intervjuerna framkom att sjuksköterskorna ansåg att Senior Alert kunde bidra till en bättre vård för äldre patienter.

    Slutsats: Senior Alert ses som ett bra arbetsverktyg i den preventiva omvårdnaden för äldre personer. Riskbedömningen upplevdes i denna studie vara det bästa med Senior Alert och var ett bra hjälpmedel i den förebyggande vården. Dock finns behov i att öka kunskap i hur registret bör användas för att utnyttja Senior Alert på bästa sätt. Detta gäller såväl på arbetsplatser och inom utbildningar i landet. 

  • Lewin, Jonathan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Uvegård, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att fortsätta sluta röka: Upplevelser av att sluta röka vid kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom (KOL) orsakas för majoriteten av rökning. Rökavvänjning ses som den mest effektiva behandling av KOL. Att sluta röka är ofta svårt och kräver livsstilsförändringar, vilket förändrar livet för individen. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva personers upplevelser relaterade till att sluta röka vid diagnosen KOL.Metod: En litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ design och induktiv ansats. Fribergs femstegsmodell användes i analysprocessen. Resultat: Två övergripande teman framkom som svarade till syftet:mental inverkan och omgivningensinverka. Slutsats: Att sluta röka med diagnosen KOL innebär livsstilsförändringar. Upplevelser av skam och skuld var vanliga, där personer skämdes för misslyckade försök att sluta röka. Flera personer hade lyckats sluta röka utan djupare planering av sitt rökstopp. Negativa upplevelser av vården var vanliga, vilket gjorde det svårare för personer att sluta röka. Stödgrupper upplevdes vara till nytta för att sluta röka. Nyckelord: Kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom, omvårdnad, sluta röka, transition, upplevelser.

  • Runeson, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ulldahl, Lise
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Livet efter stroke: En litteraturöversikt om depression till följd av stroke2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Stroke är något som sker akut och ofta får förödande konsekvenser. Den drabbade förlorar inte sällan sin självständighet och känner sig som en börda för sina närstående. En fjärdedel av alla som drabbas av stroke blir också drabbade av depression. De depressiva symtomen har en negativ inverkan på livskvalitet och rehabilitering. Den förlängda vårdtiden som depression kan leda till innebär ökat lidande för den drabbade samt ökade kostnader för samhället.

    Syfte: Att beskriva personers upplevelser av depression till följd av stroke.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt av nio kvalitativa studier som analyserades utifrån en induktiv ansats.

    Resultat: Huvudfynden som framkom var i två huvudteman: djup nedstämdhet och emotionella förändringar. Båda temana hade flera underteman. I temat djup nedstämdhet framkom upplevelser av förlust och beroende. I temat emotionella förändringar framkom upplevelser av rädsla, humörsvängningar och sorg.

    Slutsats: Det är svårt att bedöma om nedstämdheten är konsekvenser av stroke eller om det handlar om depression. Det är viktigt att vårdpersonal har förståelse för detta och arbetar personcentrerat för att på bästa sätt kunna bemöta personen och dennes behov. Mer forskning behövs för att öka kunskapen om depression till följd av stroke och därmed förbättra förutsättningarna för den drabbade personen.

     

    Nyckelord: Stroke, depression, omvårdnad, upplevelse, personcentrerad omvårdnad

  • Berglund, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Mehyeddine, Katlin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av tvärkulturella vårdmöten: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Världens länder utvecklas hastigt till mångkulturella länder. Sjuksköterskan som vårdar individer med annan kulturell bakgrund bör besitta kulturell kompetens för att tillämpa personcentrerad och god vård. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att beskriva sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av tvärkulturella vårdmöten inom hälso- och sjukvården. Metod: En litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ metod utfördes. Totalt valdes 12 vetenskapliga artiklar ut för granskning och analyserades enligt Fribergs fem stegsanalys. Resultat: Sammanställning av artiklarna formade två kategorier: sjuksköterskor erfarenhet av organisatoriska samt språkliga barriärer och sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av kulturella och etiska barriärer. Varje kategori delades in i ytterligare tre underkategorier. Slutsats: Bristande förståelse för individer med annan kultur bidrog till att vården blev av sämre kvalité. Sjuksköterskans kulturella kompetens bör utökas för att säkra vården genom att utbildning på skolor och i verksamheter.

  • Esbjörnsson, Anton
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Orientalism i Tintin: En kvalitativ textanalys om framställningen av utomeuropeiska kulturer i de svenska översättningarna av fem Tintinalbu2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Berättelsen om Tintin och hans äventyr har under årtionden varit en populär tecknad serie i Sverige. Många har växt upp med de svenska översättningarna och förundrats över beskrivningen som ges av Tintins resor och möten med andra kulturer. Syftet med föreliggande studie har varit att undersöka hur framställningen av utomeuropeiska kulturer är i fem olika Tintinalbum för att se vilka föreställningar och stereotyper som framkommer. Dessutom har syftet varit att se vilken förändring som har skett i framställningen. Den tidigare forskningen tyder på att det finns en kolonial medvetenhet i Hergés berättande om Tintin men att det finns postkoloniala tendenser i Tintins universum och att detta leder till stereotypiska och nedlåtande representationer av kulturer. Vad man kommer fram till är att oavsett om det är en positiv eller negativ bild som förmedlas så är det alltid ett särskiljande mellan öst och väst som är centralt. Metoden i uppsatsen består av en kvalitativ textanalys där innehållet i texterna tillsammans med bilderna i albumen analyseras och tolkas med fokus på Per Widéns dimensioner för textanalys. Den teoretiska ansatsen är en postkolonial teori utifrån Saids beskrivning av orientalism där utomeuropeiska kulturer framställs som något annorlunda och ofta i en negativ bemärkning. Den postkoloniala teorin utgår ifrån att kolonialism som företeelse inte endast finns i det förflutna utan lever kvar än i dag och påverkar hur författare framställer andra kulturer. Resultatet har visat att framställningen ser olika ut beroende på vilket album och kultur som beskrivs. Det är tydligt att utomeuropeiska kulturer beskrivs som annorlunda och som en motsats till det västerländska samhället. Skillnaden mellan albumen är huruvida det annorlunda framställs i negativ bemärkning. Den negativa framställningen har visat sig bero på vilken kultur det är som beskrivs och när albumet publicerades.

  • Adolfsson, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Göranson, Ina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Se mig, inte min diagnos.: En litteraturöversikt om upplevelser av att genomgå bröstcancerbehandling som ung kvinna.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen hos kvinnor över hela världen. Till skillnad från äldre kvinnor drabbas yngre kvinnor oftare av en mer aggressiv cancerform. Att få diagnosen bröstcancer kan innebära stora förändringar i livet med behandlingar som orsakar svåra biverkningar och oförutsägbara sjukhusbesök, en omställning som kan komma att påverka livskvalitén för de unga drabbade kvinnorna. I samband med de biverkningar som uppkommer till följd av behandling krävs stöd från både hälso-och sjukvård och anhöriga. Personcentrerad omvårdnad ligger till grund för att främja den psykiska, fysiska och existentiella hälsan hos vårdsökande person.Syfte: Att beskriva upplevelser av att genomgå bröstcancerbehandling som ung kvinna.Metod: En litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ metod och induktiv ansats. Artikelsökning gjordes i Medline och CINAHL. Resultatet framställs av 12 vetenskapliga artiklar.Resultat: Innefattar två kategorier följt av sex subkategorier. Kategorierna är: upplevelser av den psykosociala påverkan som kan uppstå vid behandling samt upplevelser av biverkningar efter bröstcancerbehandling.Slutsatser: Huvudfynd i de 12 artiklarna fokuserade främst på bristfällig information från hälso-och sjukvård gällande bröstcancerbehandling, samt de konsekvenser som förändrad kroppsbild efter genomgående behandlingen kom att få.

  • Karlsson, Linda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Krook, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Så förändrades livet efter behandling mot livmoderhalscancer: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world for women. In all treatments side effects can occur, which affect women in different ways. The nurse is responsible for informing and supporting women affected by cervical cancer and work from a holistic perspective. Aim: The purpose was to describe women's experience of treatment for cervical cancer. Method: A literature review made with a qualitative and inductive approach based on twelve articles with qualitative data were used. The article search was done in Medline, Cinahl, and Psycinfo. Results: The result presented two categories with six subcategories. The categories were: The experience of the treatment's effect on body and soul, and the psychosocial needs. Side effects that arose affected both physical, mental and social levels. Conclusion: Women who have gone through treatment for cervical cancer experienced an deteriorated health condition as a result of treatments. The literature review hopes to give healthcare professionals an insight into how to respond to and support women with cervical cancer and promote the care process for the relatives and the woman.

  • Östlings, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Haraldsson, Jimmy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Hur patienter med långvarig smärta upplever sjuksköterskors omvårdnad2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I svenska samhället lever en stor del av befolkning med långvarig smärta. Definitionen innebär att smärtan har pågått i minst tre månader. Smärta leder vanligtvis till ett komplex lidande, som involverar människans fysiska-, psykiska-, existentiella- och sociala hälsa med risk för försämrad livskvalité. Sjuksköterskan har en viktig roll i patienternas omvårdnad och behandling, därför är det av vikt att studera patienternas upplevelser av sjuksköterskans omvårdnad. Syfte: Beskriva hur patienter med långvarig smärta upplever sjuksköterskors omvårdnad. Metod: En litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats. För att kunna svara på syftet valdes 13 artiklar från databaserna CINAHL och MedLine, som har analyserats enligt Fribergs analysmodell. Resultat: I resultatet framkom att patienterna hade delade erfarenheter i mötet medsjuksköterskor. De beskrivs i teman: Känslan av att bli bekräftad och Känslan av att bli nonchalerad. Slutsats: Personer med långvarig smärta ansåg att bekräftelsen var en betydande faktor i omvårdnaden. Det upplevdes positivt när sjuksköterskorna engagerade sig för att förstå patientens situation och synsätt, medan att bli misstrodd och ignorerad upplevdes negativt. 

  • Sörin, Emilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Thelander, Annie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Livet efter stroke: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stroke is a term for two acute states of diseases: cerebral haemorrhage and cerebral infarction. Stroke is a common disease and the risk of having a stroke increases with bad living habits and age. Time is a crucial factor when it comes to the treatment of stroke and to reduce the consequences of stroke. For a nurse it is important to understand difficulties that arise after stroke. Aim: To describe experiences in everyday life of adults affected by stroke. Method: A literature review performed with an inductive approach consisting of thirteen qualitative articles that have been analysed according to Friberg’s analysis description in five steps. Result: The end result showed that experiences exist in different dimensions: physical, mental, social and existential. These dimensions are closely connected and affect everyday life for adults affected by stroke. Conclusion: Everyday life and self-care are dramatically affected when the person is affected by stroke. As a nurse, it is fundamental to have a holistic view of the affected person in order to create an understanding of post-stroke experiences and to enable a good and effective care.

  • Mirkovic, Ivana
    et al.
    Carlsson Westerstad, Rosanna
    Kvinnors upplevelse av livet efter mastektomi vid bröstcancer.: En litteraturöversikt.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Delshad Meti, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Abbas, Mariam
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sexuell hälsa och kardiovaskulära sjukdomar –  “A Silent Gap”.: - en kvantitativ litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) are some of the most common illnesses globally. It has been proven that there is a connection between CVD and sexual concerns. Patients sexual health is a fundamental factor and should be provided with proper care from a nursing perspective. Aim: To describe factors that influence the nurse’s work on sexual health for patients with cardiovascular disease. Method: A quantitative literature review with an inductive approach was implemented and based on 13 scientific articles. Results: The analysis resulted in two main themes; “The nurses’ perspective affects” and “Organizational obstacles affects” that are followed by six subthemes; “Attitudes, beliefs and emotions”, “Experience, knowledge and education”, “Responsibility”, “Patients’ gender and age”, “Guidelines and routines” and lastly “Lack of time and prioritizing”. Conclusion: Based on nurses globally, there should be a development of the area sexual health among patients with CVD. There are several obstacles that persuades the area into being secluded. Negative attitudes, incompetence, prejudice and organizational barriers are some of the common mentioned difficulties.  

  • AL-Athami, Ahmed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Ehigiator, Efosa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Roadmap for establishing a common channel for digital skills development: Developing employees’ digital skills in the Jönköping Region2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the past few decades, organizations has shifted towards digitalization. Making it necessary for employees within an organization to acquire the necessary digital skills to cope with digitalization. These skills are necessary for employees to carry out their daily activities without setback. It is therefore important for an organization to provide a channel or an avenue for employees to acquire these skills without stress or difficulty.  

     

    Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to explore an innovative strategy for digital skills development for employees, which can foster communication and collaboration and improve employees work performance within the organization.

     

    Method: A qualitative study was used to conduct the research. The authors used semi-structured interviews to collect data from employees of the municipalities being studied. The interviewees were employees from Nässjö, Jönköping and Habo municipalities. From the interview findings an analysis was performed comparing the findings between the three municipalities.

     

    Conclusion: The results outline some of the benefits of using innovative learning systems for digital skills development of employees and how these leaning systems can improve employees’ performance. Organizations should make it a priority to continually reinvest in developing employees’ digital skills in the public sector and need to be aware about the barriers to adopt innovative learning methods. Some of these barriers are lack of training programs, lack of managerial support among others. A coherent strategy is needed to address these barriers and facilitate skills development process. Further research regarding other alternative methods to improve employees’ digital skills that were not discussed in this research can be explored by other researchers using larger samples, different theories and data collection methods.

  • Olsson, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Kampen om runorna: En diskussionsanalys av samhällsdebatten kring tyrrunan och skräckhjälmen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a discussion analysis of the public debate regarding the Tiwaz rune and the Helm of Awe through the lens of various groups wanting to interpret the symbols differently through their historical usage. Through analyzing how different people argue for the legitimacy of their interpretation through the symbols’ historical usage they were separated into three groups, the critical, the religious and the cultural, all who want their interpretation to be the prevailing one. The critical group argues that the symbols should be seen as Nazi symbols because of how relatively recent the deeds of the Nazis are to today, and they are used as the means to attack modern Nazi groups through this connection. The religious group instead speak for a more ancient Norse interpretation, they argue that it is media itself that makes these symbols into Nazi symbols not the Nazis and that this interpretation is based on historical ignorance. The cultural group uses the symbols because of their connection to the Norse culture and because of an imagined Viking warrior ideal that will motivate in the modern political struggle. In the essay it is made clear by all groups that it is media that has the power in the negotiation regarding the meaning of these symbols today. But they have entirely abandoned them to groups like the Nordic Resistance Movement and The Swedish Party to make their own.

  • Pyrovolaki, Nikoleta
    et al.
    Liu, Jingxin
    Leadership Behavior & its influence on Knowledge Management: A case study of a maritime crewing SME2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership Behavior and Knowledge Management are two very important themes in Business Administration. The purpose of this study is to examine how Leadership Behavior influences Knowledge Management practices in business organizations. This paper is based on existing theories of these two themes and uses a case study to further investigate the correlation between them. Transformational and transactional elements of Leadership Behavior helped to define the relevant style of the investigated case, and to explore the leader ́s influence on Knowledge Management practices, existing theoretical models were utilized for the qualitative research of this study. Data is collected from directing managers and the founder of a case study company in the maritime crewing sector. The research was conducted with a qualitative approach. For the data collection 13 interviews from the case company were conducted and the researchers used knowledge resources from previous case studies and theoretical frameworks relevant to the research question. The data was analyzed by deductive reasoning in the existing knowledge with an interpretive approach in order to conclude from the empirical investigation in conjunction with current academic literature studies.  Results from the research showed that the leadership model as indicated in the empirical data from the case study, is Paternalistic. The concluded model influences Knowledge Management practices by affecting the level of employee’s motivation to engage in the organizational mission and willing to acquire productive knowledge. The findings of this research suggest opportunities for future potential studies in keyword terms about giving learning incentives to employees, Knowledge Management practices related to technological efficiencies and industry-related influential factors towards Leadership Behavior and Style.

  • Malmquist Håkansson, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Portocarrero Linares, Beika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Människans uppfattning om färgtemperatur: Utvärdering av varma och kalla färgtemperaturer vid olika badrumsaktiviteter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är ett samarbete med badrumsföretaget SVEDBERGS. Syftet med denna studie är att ge rekommendationer till SVEDBERGS kunder avseende färgtemperatur som är lämpligast i badrummet. I badrummet sker det olika aktiviteter som sminkning/rakning eller bad, därför är det viktigt att kunna anpassa belysningen för att bidra med en bra komfort till användarna. Med LED-ljuskällan finns det möjlighet att reglera färgtemperaturer i detalj. Denna studie kommer därför att undersöka vilken färgtemperatur som är lämpligast till olika badrumsaktiviteter.

    Tidigare studier tyder på att kalla färgtemperaturer från 4000 Kelvin (K) och uppåt är mera lämpliga som arbetsljus medan varma färgtemperaturer från 2700K till 4000K är mera lämpliga som avslappningsljus.

    Mer specifikt är studiens frågeställningar: ”Vilken färgtemperatur från 2700K till 6400K är lämpligast till sminkning/rakning?” och ”Vilken färgtemperatur från 2700K till 6400K är lämpligast till bad?”

    Studien genomfördes genom ett experiment med 25 stycken försökspersoner varav 15 stycken kvinnor och 10 stycken män och medelåldern var i åldersspannet 4049år. Under experimentets gång fick försökspersonerna utvärdera belysningens inställning med fokus på färgtemperatur. Experimentet utfördes som två aktiviteter (sminkning/rakning och bad) och bestod av tre scenarios av färgtemperatur (2500K; 4000K; 6400K) som hade två olika ordningsföljder (dvs. 2700K/4000K/6400K och 6400K/2700K/4000K). Ordningsföljden bestämdes systematiskt i experimentet. Ett fjärde scenario i experimentet användes då försökspersonerna själva valde vilken färgtemperatur de föredrog utan att veta vilket exakt metriskt värde denna hade.

    Experimentet använde både kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder som innefattade enkätfrågor i skalnivåer för de två aktiviteterna och de tre scenarios, samt en fråga med öppet svarsalternativ där försökspersonerna hade möjlighet att utveckla sina svar.

    Utifrån resultaten i denna studie rekommenderas en belysning där både färgtemperatur och intensitet kan regleras. Resultaten visar att vid aktiviteten sminkning/rakning rekommenderas en färgtemperatur på 4000K4700K och vid aktiviteten bad rekommenderas en färgtemperatur på 2500K3000K. Badrumsbelysning som kan regleras utifrån brukarnas aktiviteter och behov har den största potentialen att vara socialt hållbar för SVEDBERGS slutkunder eftersom den möjliggör att brukarna själva kan välja lämplig färgtemperatur.

  • Nur, Kazım Gökberk
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Visualizing Logical Architecture of Electrical and Electronic (E/E) Systems in Automotive Industry2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Modern vehicles equipped with many hardware and software systems. To develop new functionalities and maintain existing features of the vehicles, engineers have to check relationship between software and hardware systems. Due to complexity of these relationships, visual representation of how systems are working together is required to make R&D process easier. At Scania, engineers using node-link diagrams to represent logical function architecture of the Scania vehicles. Logical function architecture is a part of electrical and electronic systems in the automotive industry, due to size of these systems they are considered as a large network. Visualizing large networks by diagrams is not a new problem in literature. At past, researches published about diagram drawing and algorithms have been developed to generate good looking diagram. However, sometimes due to complexity of the data, having complex and unreadable diagrams are unavoidable and they are hard to understand.

    Previous studies investigated how diagrams should be drawn, however focus was not how users should interact with the diagrams. In node-link diagrams users follows edges to understand relationships between components. Having edges in the diagram heavily affects the diagram drawing time and also required space for the diagram. In this paper I developed an artefact which is not using edges to visualize LFA at Scania. Artefact usability has been tested with Scania engineers by giving some tasks to them. In the tests, artefact without edges achieved better results than node-link diagram and 426% improvement achieved by comparing task completion times in seconds. The artefact proved that it can be powerful alternative to classic node-link diagram visualization.

  • Balasubramaniam, Arjun
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Produktionsutveckling.
    Navuluri, Naga Lakshmana Naidu
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Produktionsutveckling.
    Analysis and improvement of material handling in a highly customized multi-variant product-based production system2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty first century manufacturing is characterized by customer specific products. Customers expect greater differentiation in the products that companies offer to them, thus changing the whole landscape of production. Greater the variety of products being offered to customers, greater is the complexity of shop floor operations. This complexity is translated to all the operations in the shop floor including material handling and inventory control. To overcome this situation, many manufacturers have turned to “Lean Manufacturing” to gain a competitive edge in the market by reducing costs and improving productivity in all operations throughout the shop floor.

    Therefore, this purpose of this thesis is to analyze the material handling of a highly customized multi-variant product-based production system. The thesis represents a case study that was done at a caravan manufacturing company in Tenhult, Sweden. During the study, data was gathered from field notes, observations and multiple semi-structured interviews. The findings were analyzed with respect to a theoretical background which was generated through an extensive literature review that was carried out throughout the research.

    Our analysis was based on a systems approach where the findings were categorized into three dimensions that affect material handling and inventory control. These dimensions are warehouse management systems, culture, and production management, which contribute to successful implementation of lean into the material handling operations and inventory control.

    In conclusion, the results show that efficient material handling and inventory control can only be achieved by finding a synergy between technology, people and organization. Our results also show that soft issues like organizational culture and employee culture need to be addressed along with technological issues because only when an alignment between people, technology and business objectives and values is achieved, lean implementation can be successful. Our results also show the need for better supplier customer collaboration to reduce inventory levels and material handling operation.

  • Elaf, Sulaiman
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    LÄSMOTIVATION I KLASSRUMMET: Studien belyser vilka faktorer som påverkar elevers intresse för läsning2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Litteraturstudien syftar till att undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkar elevers motivation till läsning. För att uppnå studiens syfte kommer frågeställningarna ’’Vilka kritiska aspekter bör läraren uppmärksamma för att i sin undervisning bidra med ökad läsmotivation hos eleverna?’’ samt Vilken effekt har användningen av digitala verktyg på elevers läsmotivation? att besvaras.

    Den här systematiska litteraturstudien är byggd på studier med kvalitativa- och kvantitativa metoder. Två huvudsakliga kategorier har framkommit som ett resultat i studien. Första  kategorin är Sociala interaktionsfaktorer som belyser vikten av lärarrollen, klasskamrater och deltagande samt familjens stöd som viktiga faktorer för elevers engagemang och motivation för läsning. Den andra kategorin är Informations- och kommunikationstekniska faktorer som huvudsakligen uppmärksammar att elevers användning av digitala verktyg gynnar elevers läsutveckling och läsmotivation. En sammanfattande slutsats är att lärare, klasskamrater och familjemedlemmar är viktiga aktörer för främjandet av elevers läsmotivation. En annan slutsats är att lärare genom eget engagemang ska utveckla sina tekniska kunskaper för att kunna implicera digitala verktyg i undervisningen. De nämnda faktorerna visar sig vara betydelsefulla för den inre- och yttre motivationen och stimulerar elevers läsmotivation olika beroende på värderingar och intressen.

  • Tompa, Andrea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform. Division of Diagnostics, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Karin
    Department of Pediatrics, Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Faresjö, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Suppressed immune profile in children with type 1 diabetes in combination with celiac disease2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Cytokines, chemokines, acute phase proteins (APP), adipocytokines and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are involved in different pathophysiological processes of inflammatory character. The role of the different immune markers and the peripheral immunoregulatory milieu in children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in combination with celiac disease (CD) is not fully understood and is not well studied. The purpose of the present study was therefore to acquire more knowledge and to gain deeper understanding on peripheral immunoregulatory milieu in children with T1D and/or CD.

    Methods: The study included children diagnosed with T1D in combination with CD (n=18), children with T1D (n=27) or CD (n=16), and reference children (n=42).

    Blood samples were collected, and serum stored in -80°C until analysis, avoiding multiple freeze-thaw cycles. The inflammatory cyto/chemokines (IL-1β, -5, -6, -8, -9, -10, -13, -15, -17A, -22, -25, -33, IFN-γ, TNF-α, G-CSF, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-1β), diabetes related immune markers (visfatin, resistin), APP (procalcitonin (PTC), ferritin, tissue protein activator, fibrinogen, serum amyloid A) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, -2, -3) were analyzed with Luminex technique using Bio-Plex assays. Hierarchical cluster analysis was used to identify similarities/differences in immune profiles between children with double diagnosis and children with single diagnosis and reference children. Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of the different diagnosis groups within the clusters and whole cohort, respectively.

    Results: The largest cluster included 75% of the participants and the diagnose distribution in the cluster were very similar to the distribution in the whole study cohort. The remaining 25% were divided in two smaller clusters representing 15.5% and 6.5% respectively. The major finding of this study showed that children with double diagnosis had (1) lower serum levels of IL-22, MCP-1, PCT, visfatin and MMP-2 compared to children with T1D; and (2) lower serum levels of the APC associated chemokine MIP-1α compared to reference children, observed in the main cluster. Most of these observations were also seen in the whole cohort.  

    Conclusion: Our observations indicate decreased serum levels of IL-22, MIP-1α, MCP-1, PCT, visfatin and MMP-2 in children diagnosed with T1D in combination with CD. These results indicate a suppressed immune profile including Th17 cytokines, chemokines, acute phase proteins, diabetes-related and matrix metalloproteinase immune markers. Functional studies of the involved immune cells (CD4+ Treg, CD8+ Treg, NK-cells and dendritic cells) could contribute to elucidate the heterogeneous immunological processes in children with more than one autoimmune disease.

  • Pyrovolaki, Nikoleta
    et al.
    Liu, Jingxin
    Leadership behavior & its influence on Knowledge Management: A case study of a maritime crewing SME2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership Behavior and Knowledge Management are two very important themes in Business Administration. The purpose of this study is to examine how Leadership Behavior influences Knowledge Management practices in business organizations. This paper is based on existing theories of these two themes and uses a case study to further investigate the correlation between them. Transformational and transactional elements of Leadership Behavior helped to define the relevant style of the investigated case, and to explore the leader ́s influence on Knowledge Management practices, existing theoretical models were utilized for the qualitative research of this study. Data is collected from directing managers and the founder of a case study company in the maritime crewing sector. The research was conducted with a qualitative approach. For the data collection 13 interviews from the case company were conducted and the researchers used knowledge resources from previous case studies and theoretical frameworks relevant to the research question. The data was analyzed by deductive reasoning in the existing knowledge with an interpretive approach in order to conclude from the empirical investigation in conjunction with current academic literature studies.  Results from the research showed that the leadership model as indicated in the empirical data from the case study, is Paternalistic. The concluded model influences Knowledge Management practices by affecting the level of employee’s motivation to engage in the organizational mission and willing to acquire productive knowledge. The findings of this research suggest opportunities for future potential studies in keyword terms about giving learning incentives to employees, Knowledge Management practices related to technological efficiencies and industry-related influential factors towards Leadership Behavior and Style.

  • Heikkinen, Tim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Stolt, Roland
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Incorporating Design for Additive Manufacturing in Multidisciplinary Design Automation – Challenges Identified2020In: Computer-Aided Design and Applications, ISSN 1686-4360, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 936-947Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One interesting method to take advantage of the particular capabilities of Additive Manufacturing is to utilize a combination of lattice-structures and topology optimization. This paper presents the results and experiences from attempting to incorporate these in an existing multidisciplinary design automation system within the aerospace industry. A combined state of art and practice is outlined with discussions regarding challenges in current commercial CAD tools, multidisciplinary design automation, and with respect to aerospace requirements.

  • Jørgensen, Ditte Martine Skovhaur
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Nielsen, Katrine
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Prævalensen af selvrapporteret muskel-skelet besvær blandt bandagister i Danmark: En spørgeskemaundersøgelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim of the project was to investigate the occurrence of musculoskeletal problems among P&O’s in Denmark and a questionnaire was made and sent out.

    Methods: Members of the union “Danske Bandagister” was asked to fill out a self-administrated questionnaire. The questionnaire was constructed based on hypothesis about associations between risk factors identified in literature review.  

     

    Results: The statistical analysis consisted of 19 responses (RR=25%). The study shows a prevalence of 79% of musculoskeletal problems. Relevant risk factors were tested to be associated with the occurrence of the self-reported musculoskeletal problems. Tests was made with Fichers’ Exact test and a significance level at 5% (p=0.05). Only Gender proved a significant association with the occurrence of musculoskeletal problems (p=0,033). In this project women has the highest occurrence of self-reported musculoskeletal problems.

     

    Conclusion: The study shows a high prevalence of musculoskeletal problems among the responding Danish P&Os. It is not possible to do any generalization in the population. However; to confirm the result of the study, we encourage to examine the subject more.

  • Dhayanithi, Amarnath
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Produktionsutveckling.
    Sureshkumar, Deepak
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Produktionsutveckling.
    COST OPTIMIZATION IN PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: USING LEAN MANUFACTURING2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the era of globalization, every company is trying its best to sustain its company’s name and their product in its respective market.

    The overreach goal of the thesis to optimize the cost in the production system using lean manufacturing. To attain the primary goal of the thesis, three layered approach has been carried out.

    Firstly, the non-value-added activities in the shop floor has been identified. The tools like VSM and spaghetti diagram is used to identify the non-value-added activities

    Secondly, the lead time of a particular product has been calculated for a particular product. The lean tools like JIT,5s, TQM, TPM has been used to reduce the lead time. TQM is used to identify the quality issues, TPM is used to identify the maintenance problems and JIT &5s is used to identify the problems in tool arrangement and delivery of the raw materials.

    The last part of the thesis is to measure the cost-effectiveness by implementing lean manufacturing to produce a particular product family. Tools like Activity based costing is used to allocate the cost involved in the various activities that can be measured by the cost drivers and cost pool. To measure the performance of the production system OEE is used in this thesis

  • Hult, Amanda
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Income inequality and economic growth: An investigation of the OECD countries2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Income inequality is in a majority of earlier studies more or less affirmatively agreed to be negatively related to economic growth. The underlying complexity of the connection lacks well-tried backing in the modern time. The main purpose of this research is to identify the relationship between income inequality and economic growth, but also the effects of other factors, such as human capital and investment. This is conducted with a panel data approach on 34 OECD countries with data over the period 1990-2010. Aggregate income inequality, represented by the Gini coefficient is used in the empirical estimation, together with two other variables to control for the income inequality at the bottom and top end of the income distribution. The results indicate the aggregate inequality level to be significantly and positively related to growth, while bottom end and top end inequality is seen to have a significant and negative relationship with growth. The level of GDP per capita, education and population growth is also seen to have an impact on economic growth.

  • Dutto, Davide
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Lei, Duyun
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The distribution of Foreigners and Locals in Sweden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to find a relationship between the distribution of locals inside of Sweden and the municipalities’ relative concentration of foreigners. With the usage of data found in the website Statistics Sweden, we aim to investigate the existence of any relationship between the local population size of a municipality against the number of foreigners present in said municipalities, and see whether foreigners and immigrants are more concentrated in more populated municipalities rather than less populated ones. We aim to do this by utilizing multiple regression and dummy variables to identify whether there is a significant extra negative or positive effect on foreigners. The answer seems to be that foreigners are in fact more concentrated in more locally populated municipalities, rather than less populated ones

  • Tan, He
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Adlemo, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Lessons Learned from an Application of Ontologies in Software Testing2019In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings / [ed] Adrien Barton, Selja Seppälä, Daniele Porello, et.al., CEUR-WS , 2019, Vol. 2518Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Testing of a software system is a resource-consuming activity that requires high-level expert knowledge. In previous work we proposed an ontologybased approach to alleviate this problem. In this paper we discuss the lessons learned from the implementation and application of the approach in a use case from the avionic industry. The lessons are related to the areas of ontology development, ontology evaluation, the OWL language and rule-based reasoning.

  • Sollander, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Organisational ambidexterity in practice: a study of managerial work in manufacturing SMEs2020Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • Vinod, Prithvi, Prithvi
    et al.
    Sudhi, Rahul, Rahul
    Forecasting and lean improvements in the product return management: Case study in Logistic warehouse2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, manufacturing companies/organizations are exceedingly focused on the reverse logistics since it has its own share in the overall profitability and development of the organization. Proper management of the product returns are considered inevitable factor for success by many companies. Warehouses are important part of the reverse logistic chain where major part of the logistic management often require. In order to manage the product returns in an efficient manner in a warehouse, it is very important to have proper planning and proficient method to deal with any uncertain situations. Along with this updating technology, better staff allocation, proper communication etc. are considered as very important for the better function of the product returns management in an organization. 

    The study was conducted in returns management section of a warehouse facility. The aim of the thesis is to tackle the uncertainty with the help of an efficient forecasting method to predict rate of product returns and further to understand the importance of forecasting in upbringing the performance of the warehouse. The first phase of the study also investigates through the current trend of the rate of reverse flow and proposal of the best suited method for forecasting of the future state. The second aim of the thesis is to improve the current method utilized for managing the product returns in the warehouse and improve the overall cycle time of the system under study. Second phase of the research also focuses towards lean warehousing by eliminating the warehouse wastes in the return management section. Finally, the results obtained in the study is linked with building and improving the key performance indicators (KPI’s) in the return management section of the case company. 

  • Holmström, Ingela
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Patient or customer? Interpretation, accessibility, and participation for deaf people in Sweden2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The key aim of the study presented in this poster is to illustrate the nature of accessibility and participation in the current provision of the Swedish county councils’ interpretation services for young deaf adults. Since interpretation services are affiliated to the health care system, deaf people in Sweden are often considered and treated as patients in need of assistance for accessing different contexts through Swedish Sign Language (STS) interpreters. The interpretation services are however multifaceted: at times facilitative, for example when deaf people listen to a public lecture thanks to the provision of interpreters, in other contexts obstructive, for example due to the administrative load surrounding it. The study focused upon in this paper highlights this complicated issue by presenting analysis of data from the Swedish Research Council supported project PAL, Participation for All (www.ju.se/ccd/pal), that focuses upon the trajectories of schooling and the post-school situation of young deaf people in Sweden. Taking both a sociocultural perspective and a decolonial framework on human communication, learning and identity, young deaf individuals’ life pathways are currently being mapped through an ethnographic approach in project PAL.

    A specific issue that has emerged in the on-going analysis is the importance of and the ways in which STS interpreters shape different forms of deaf people’s experiences and participation. One key preliminary finding is that although deaf people are often treated as patients, they are simultaneously tasked with the provision of information, preparation, and organization of the activities where the interpreters are needed. The latter results in that they get positioned as active customers of the interpretation services. This, thus, becomes a contradictory treatment of deaf people: on the one hand there is unequal power relations that positions deaf people in passive roles with limited, if any, possibilities to impact the interpreter services, and on the other hand they are given major responsibility for it, requiring them to be active and well-informed.

  • Zhang, Xinyu
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Egbe Stacy, Besong Enow
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sustainable Consumption in Food Industry: In what stages do consumers implement sustainability in their decision making process?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the concept of sustainable development and sustainable consumption in the food industry and how consumers relate with the idea of organic food produce and their alternatives. The research was developed by using the Consumer Decision Making model and the Norm Activation Model to be able to understand what motivates consumers in their buying choices and why. These models break down the steps a consumer goes through before making a purchase and the emotional evaluation that occurs after that decision is made. With a total of 70 responses from a structured survey sent out, the results indicated that consumers are conscious about sustainable products, are aware of the environmental and social impact but 30.6% of consumers have never looked out for sustainable products.

  • Rogic, Romana
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Perception of inclusion in preschools: European teacher's perspective - A scoping literature review2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Inclusion is a term that stands for fully including untypically developed chil-

    dren in regular educational setting. It should be implemented in all of the present educa-

    tional settings. However, the definition of inclusion and the way of implementing it differs

    from countries and cultures, which makes it a problem for having a united view on it. More-

    over, there are different factors that can occur and have an impact of understanding the

    term.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to review the existing literature on the perception of inclu-

    siveness and the term ˝inclusion˝ from preschool teacher’s perspective in preschool settings

    in Europe and the different factors that have effect on the perceiving.

    Method: A literature search on the databases of ERIC and PsycINFO and a hand search

    on the reference lists of the relevant articles was conducted. The articles that are included

    were recent peer reviewed studies published in English, reporting perception of inclusion

    and factors that affect it.

    Results: In the seven studies that have been included, preschool teachers have overall pos-

    itive attitude towards inclusion. They reported the inclusion is important to be implemented

    in preschool settings. However, most of them reported that the implementation of the in-

    clusion is needed, they do not feel secure enough and eligible to do it in a correct way.

    Furthermore, group of factors that affect the perception of inclusion and implementation

    of it occurred. The factors that occurred are lack of resources, no complete education and

    different understanding of what inclusion stand for and what should the implementation be alike.

    Conclusion: Considering the importance of inclusion as an ongoing process in preschools, education of professional staff for it is a first step in order to implement inclusion. Moreover, making the strong basis in preschool for inclusion will give the staff the confidence and eligible knowledge to provide the inclusive education for every participant of the environ-ment.

  • Telander, Eva
    et al.
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Projekt uppsökande verksamhet avseende äldre sammanboendes behov av anhörigstöd 2014-2015.2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Jönköpings kommun har i många år arbetat aktivt med anhörigstöd och ser ständigt ett behov av utveckling. Syftet med detta projekt var att öka kunskapen hos kommunens äldre medborgare om rätten till anhörigstöd samt erbjuda ett individanpassat stöd om behov och önskemål finns. Ett delsyfte var också att undersöka om män och kvinnor upplevde olika behov av stöd. Efter en identifiering av målgruppen genomfördes 150 hembesök, och 299 intervjuer, för att ge information och för att efterfråga hur de allra äldsta klarar sin vardag och om det fanns behov av stöd och omsorg från kommunen. Projektet visade att en majoritet av de allra äldsta sammanboende klarar sin vardag självständigt, ibland genom att stötta varandra. Det fanns också en stark önskan om att fortsätta vara självständig samtidigt som informationen om anhörigstöd och kommunens äldre-omsorg var högt uppskattat. De flesta deltagarna uttryckte en ökad trygghet i att nu ha kännedom om vart de kan vända sig. Projektet har varit uppskattat och ett flertal anhöriga som stödjer en närstående har identifierats. Ett flertal av dessa anhöriga har nu en kontaktperson i anhörigstödsteamet och valt att delta i anhörigstödets verksamhet. Det stöd som deltagarna efterfrågar liknar mycket det stöd som redan finns tillgängligt i kommunen, vilket antyder att det inte krävs utveckling av nya former, utan snarare utveckling av befintliga.

  • Stefou, Stefanos
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Industrial design.
    A solution to misfuelling and a new experience in car refueling.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to clarify to the reader the problem of misfuelling, which is the insertion of the wrong fuel in an engine, incompatible with the fuel inserted. Additionally, it contains research about the causes of this problem, current solutions in the market and a suggested solution according to the prior research and the findings of this thesis.

  • Mac Innes, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Det går inte att abdikera: Erfarenheter hos anhöriga till äldre assyrianer/syrianer avseende anhörig roll, informell och formell omsorg2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    "It is impossible to resign". The study is based on the assumption that those who immigrate late in life have some odds against them that can make them highly receptive to mental stress, isolation and loneliness. This study aims to deepen the knowledge of the experiences and the perceptions the family members of elderly Assyrians/Syriacs have concerning formal care, informal care and their experiences as next of kin. Based on the exploratory purpose of the study semi structured interviews were conducted with 13 participants from: Turkey, Syria and Iraq, all of them providers of informal care for their older relatives who are late in life migrants in Sweden, and the majority of them beeing illiterate. A clearly perceptible theme in the study is that of being the responsible next of kin. The struggle for relatives to cope with the care giving demands induces both feelings of restriction as well as the satisfaction of being able to return the care that was once offered. Conclusions drawn from this study is that the responsibility of the caring next of kin never ceases. Another conclusion is that care which is not perceived to offer the older person the possibility to be understood will be perceived as insufficient. Ideas appear that there are different ways of looking at how care should be provided by younger and older generations, which is also associated with the personal conditions for receiving formal as well as informal care. It proved to be important to be recognized by the formal care. For the participants it entails to be heard, to be shown trust, to receive financial compensation for their care and knowledge of how care should be provided.

  • Bruck, Mozahir Salomão
    et al.
    Tárcia, Lorena
    Gambarato, Renira R.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Introduction [Introdução]: Special issue fake news: Challenges and risks for contemporary journalism [Edição especial fake news: Challenges and risks for contemporary journalism]2019In: Brazilian Journalism Research, ISSN 1808-4079, E-ISSN 1981-9854, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 426-429Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Lind Crona, Mikael
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Askling, Stina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Kan man välja att vara både flicka och pojke samtidigt?: En kvalitativ studie om könsroller ur barns perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att ur ett barns perspektiv få en förståelse för barns tankar kring begreppet könsroller, detta för att underlätta för genus- och jämställdhetsarbetet på förskolan. För att uppnå syftet har följande frågeställningar besvarats: Vilka tankar och upplevelser har barn om könsroller? Hur tänker och upplever barn situationer när någon bryter mot könsrollen? Hur resonerar barn kring sina egna normer angående könsföreställningar med utgångspunkt i olika bilder som belyser personer eller situationer som är en del av samhällets normer eller som bemöter samhället normkritiskt?

    Studien är kvalitativ och bygger på fokusgruppsintervjuer med barn i åldrarna 4–6 år. Ett hermeneutiskt perspektiv genomsyrar studien. Sortering, reducering och argumentering utgör grunden för bearbetningen av intervjumaterialet. Studien lyfter fram barns egna erfarenheter av genusfrågor och jämställdhetsfrågor och låter barnen uttrycka sig med egna ord.

    Vi kan i studien se att barns tankar och upplevelser kring könsroller överlag följer de normer som finns i samhället angående könsroller. Barnen ifrågasatte det presenterade materialet som bröt mot samhällets normer. En del barn förändrade dock sitt perspektiv under tiden som fokusgruppssamtalet fortgick. Utifrån tolkat material ser vi behov av mer genusarbete som belyser både jämställdhet, identitet och normkritiskt tänkande.

  • Eichler, Sharon
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Educational and mental health intervention methods for refugee children integrating in the Nordic mainstream education: A Systematic Literature Review2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND Good mental health makes integration and participation easier. Many refugees have a great deal of resilience and it is important to maintain it and where possible to strengthen it. How much psychological complaints and disorders occur is partly dependent on having (prospect of) work, education or other forms of participation in society, experiencing social support, and having a social network (with family and /or close friends). AIM The aim of this literature review is to explore evidence-based intervention methods that can support refugee children to integrate into the school environment of the resettlement country.  METHOD In this systematic literature review, information was collected on a database for empirical studies and analyzed so as to discover efficient interventions for refugee children who just arrived in a Nordic country to help them integrate in mainstream schools. RESULTS For children, cohesion and support within the family are of great concern. In addition, prevention, recognition and receiving good care are crucial. The review discusses educational progress and social inclusion and how these can be improved for refugee children at a mainstream school. CONCLUSION The school takes on a very important role in the life of the refugee child. It is a strong protective factor and therefore life changing for the child and his/her family. This systematic literature review shows what kind of information is already produced and collected by researchers around the world. It can give an insight into the life of a refugee child and how they experience inclusion.

  • Plechanovaite, Samanta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Strömgren, Carolin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    National economic performance and alcohol consumption: A study on the Baltic and Nordic countries2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Europe is known for being the continent, in which most alcohol is consumed. The amount consumed varies across the continent and is highest in the Nordic and Baltic countries. The tradition of how alcohol is consumed differs across Europe. Generally, the south of Europe consumes alcohol more frequently, but in smaller quantities. While in the north part of Europe larger quantities are consumed on fewer occasions, this is also referred to as binge drinking. However, this alone is not able to explain the variance in consumption patterns. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the selected national performance measurements on alcohol consumption. The average annual wage, unemployment rate and percentage of GDP spent on health expenditure were chosen based on previous research. The price-setting on alcohol was chosen as a representation of consumption restricting policies. A panel data regression is performed on eight countries from the period 2008 to 2017. The results show that there is a relationship between the dependent variable's health expenditure and price index and the independent variables. More specifically that health expenditure and price indexes have a negative relationship with alcohol consumption. Furthermore, in the last chapter future studies and policies are suggested. 

  • Xiong, Xuehua
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jonkoping University.
    The Studies on Peer-mediated Interventions for children with ASD in school-setting: A Systematic Literature Review from 2008-20182019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Students with ASD are facing challenges in inclusive school settings. Despite some research have explore some components of peer-mediated intervention, there is gap between the practical implementation and current knowledge.

    Research aim: The research aims to synthesize the knowledge about school-based peer-mediated intervention for children with ASD.

    Method: The systematic review was applied in this research. Intervention component analysis to identify the component of PMI. Reichow’s evaluation instrument were used to assess the quality of included studies. 

    Conclusion: The content of peer-mediated intervention includes the PMI types, intervention intent and the combination of phases. Intervention outcome includes the measure methods and the result of outcome. The shared phases of conducting peer-mediated interventions are students recruitment, peer training and students meeting. The components of peer training are training package, deliver method and intensity. The components of students meeting are setting, context and intensity. Three of studies were assessed as strong quality of research, ten studies were assessed as adequate quality of research.