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  • Boerwinkel, Dionne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Does culture matter in online retail?: A quantitative study based on the online shopping behaviour of generation Y in relation to the cultural influences of Germans and Swedes2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Due to technological developments (e.g. internet) and globalization, business management and the sales environment faced several changes in the last decades. Together with the convenience of the e-commerce and the free trade policy in the EU, businesses are evoked to enter foreign (online) markets (within the EU). While entering foreign markets the psychic distance between cultures is a factor which should be considered. One of the factors which causes psychic distance is the cultural values of a nation. Within this research the cultural values are described by the cultural dimension theory of Hofstede.

     

    Germany and Sweden have a leading usage and adaptation with online shopping. Within the e-commerce, the most valuable target group is the higher educated consumers of Generation Y. Since the cultural values in Germany and Sweden differ from one another, it suggests differences in there online-shopping cultures as well. To create the best online shopping experiences, cultural values should be considered within (concentrated) marketing approaches.

     

    Objective: This research is conducted to examine the online shopping behaviour of generation Y in relation to the cultural values of Germans and Swedes. The results of this research display a theoretical understanding of the online shopping behaviour forthcoming by the cultural influences. This study can benefit online retailers to develop or optimize strategic marketing plans and/or strategic entry plans in the e-commerce for both the German market and the Swedish market.

     

    Method: To answer the objective of this study, hypotheses are designed by the theoretical background. Followed by a survey-driven quantitative data research. The target group of the research were higher educated Germans and Swedes within Generation Y. Since the literature leaves several gaps, the conclusions are descriptive of nature.     

     

    Conclusion: The relationships drawn by literature between the online shopping behaviour and the cultural values of Germans and Swedes show consistencies with this research. Germans and Swedes show a similar technological acceptance, which is related to the high level of individualism. Further, differences between Germans and Swedes are assumed within the uncertainty avoidance (brand loyalty versus information search) and masculinity (goal-oriented shopping versus hedonistic shopping).                   

    Although the differences found between the two cultures are minor, a concentrated marketing strategy can be suggested to create the best suitable online consumer experience.   

  • Lundberg, Carl
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Troedsson Holm, Adam
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Gruppchefens arbetsroll: En studie om gruppchefers arbete i en modern organisation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to create an understanding of how group leaders manage

    their worktime and what conditions the group leader needs to conduct their work

    assignments. The research design was a single case study that was performed on a larger

    corporation´s central warehouse. The data collection consisted of semi structured

    interviews with six group leaders. Furthermore, an inventory of the worktime was made

    in which the group leaders themselves estimated their worktime during a month of work.

    The results showed that the group leaders experienced a lack of time but that the

    conditions were good for leadership. Progress was promoted and the space of action was

    big. The time inventory showed that the group leaders’ average work were made of 52

    hours. The study discusses the job description, which was too wide and should be

    focused more towards the group. The conclusion was that the group leaders worked

    reactively, more assignments should be focused towards the group. The job description

    needed to be better defined and the groups were too big and there were time constraints

    which affected the work.

  • Nelson, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Petersson, Martina
    Jönköping University.
    Det är lätt att motivera: En intervjustudie om pedagogiska processer som verktyg för att motivera medarbetare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor level thesis is to study how an organization through specific pedagogical processes can affect employee's internal motivation. There are several theories that discuss the concepts of man and motivation and research has shown the attractive conditions that motivated employees generate for an organization to achieve good results. This bachelor level thesis therefore aims to contrast how the organization works with leadership, development groups, introduction, potential for team development and competence development and how this is perceived by the employees in relation to the influence of their internal motivation. This has been done by collecting data using semi-structured interviews. The results of the thesis, despite disagreements regarding the work of the educational processes, show that they contribute to the employees' internal motivation. Based on the results, the thesis implicated how an organization easily can influence the internal motivation of its employees, using the pedagogical processes as tools and strategies and thereby become even more effective.

  • Hernando, Juan Carlos
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Morphological characterization of primary austenite in cast iron2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Automotive industry products portfolio includes a wide variety of complex‐shaped cast iron products, such as truck engine components, that need to withstand a constant trend of higher demands, especially urged by stricter environmental regulations on emissions. Combined with this continued demand on properties improvement, cast iron industry faces a process problem related to the lack of understanding of solidification and mechanisms behind defect formation.

    Casting products are highly affected by the product design and the manufacturing method itself, which governs the final microstructure and hence the final mechanical properties. Wall thickness of the moulding material strongly influences the solidification time, varying the microstructural coarseness, resulting in a component with different properties depending on the local shape of the casting.

    The main objective of this work is the characterization of the primary austenite microstructure and its coarsening process, which has been poorly documented in cast iron literature, to allow the prediction and control of these microstructural features present in the casting.

    The microstructural evolution of the primary austenite in hypoeutectic lamellar graphite iron (LGI) is studied under isothermal coarsening conditions. The dendritic microstructure suffered major morphological changes that included dendrite fragmentation, globularization, and coalescence. Empirical relations based on morphological parameters are introduced to predict the microstructural evolution of primary austenite. A novel technique for colour‐etching and semi‐automatic image analysis for the characterization of quenched dendritic microstructures in cast iron is presented. A new experimental technique for production of graphitic iron with varying nodularity is presented as a solution to control the production of compacted (CGI) and spheroidal graphite iron (SGI) under laboratory conditions. The nodularity evolution is controlled as a function of the holding time and the residual Mg, allowing the study of the primary solidification and primary microstructures of hypoeutectic CGI and SGI in future investigations.

  • Khademagha, Parisa
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of the Built Environment, Building Lighting Group, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment. Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of the Built Environment, Building Lighting Group, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Rosemann, Alexander
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of the Built Environment, Building Lighting Group, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Van Loenen, Evert
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of the Built Environment, Building Lighting Group, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Why Directionality Is an Important Light Factor for Human Health to Consider in Lighting Design?2016In: International Journal of Sustainable Lighting, ISSN 1454-5837, Vol. 35, no 1, 3-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Both image-forming and non-image-forming effects of radiation require proper attention in lighting design that aims at meeting human vision and health requirements. Intrinsically Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells (ipRGCs) appear to play an essential role in stimulation of the non-image forming effects and thus human health and well-being. There are indications that radiation incident contributes to the magnitude of these effects. This review summarizes current studies on humans and animals related to radiation directionality as well as the spatial distribution of ipRGCs on the retina. New insights can facilitate and optimize the incorporation of radiation directionality in building lighting design.

  • Dadmehr, Navid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Meuller, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Förändringsarbete i offentlig verksamhet: En kvalitativ studie av medarbetares upplevelser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate employees experiences of the process during the implementation of a newly introduced personnel- and salary system. The authors of this study have chosen a qualitative method in order to explore the empirics and connect this to previous research. The data collection method used was interviews with six salary consultants. This study is based on four themes that were chosen based on prevoius research which are communication, resistance, stress and participation. In the results the information from the respondents are presented, based on the four themes. It was shown that the change caused a lot of stress and a high workload. Lack of time, lack of communication and lack of knowledge were three other main factors that were shown. The results also demonstrate that the change process is affected by the law that controls the organization. Lastly a conclusion is made based on the results and the discussion. The managers should find strategies to communicate change to the employees. The managers shouls also see the change as a possibility instead of a demand in order to promote employees learning and motivation.

  • Bolin, Linnea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sanna, Börjesson
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Självbedömning, intention och platsannonser: En kvantitativ studie av könskodningens påverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present quantitative study aimed to examine if gendered wording in a job advertisement has an impact on reader’s self-assessment of being a qualified candidate and the intention to apply for the job. A total of 37 participants, who at the time were working with recruitment and human resources, answered an online survey. The survey contained two job advertisements which each were gendered in a feminine or masculine direction. The advertisements were used to examine the effects of gendered wording. One-Way ANOVA and Pearson Correlations were used for the analysis. The result showed no significant effect of gendered wording in job advertisements and the reader’s self-assessment of being a qualified candidate and their intention to apply for the job. This is contradictive to previous research about gendered wording and job advertisement. The results of this study may be affected by the current study’s formulation of the gendered worded job advertisements. The results indicated that the two gendered worded job advertisements of this study were too similar. It is therefore recommended to enhance the gendered wording in future research. Furthermore it is suggested to examine which words that are considered gendered in the Swedish language. 

  • Bondarik, Marina
    et al.
    ANPO Project Bureau 'Social Action', Moscow, Russia.
    Dymarskaya, Olga
    ANPO Project Bureau 'Social Action', Moscow, Russia.
    Persson, Roland S
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Talent for the knowledge economy?: A case study of Russia and the search for key people for economic growth2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition from a locally planned economy to a global knowledge economy in Russia features several conflicts between the old and the new. At the center of Russian restructuring stands the young talented. Considering the significance of talent for economic growth it is important to explore how talent is understood and managed by different Russian types of organizations. A group of experts (N = 46) were therefore selected to participate in the study representing government, business, and education. Data were gathered by means of semi-structured interviews on location in Moscow and Saint Petersburg, Russia. The study was descriptive in nature and a straightforward qualitative content analysis, as constituted by the categorization of data, was employed. Results showed that all stakeholders identified talent as both high-achieving and creative. They also recognized structural difficulties in implementing talent support. Also, different groups had different understandings of the nature and societal purpose of talent. This article is concluded with focusing issues, derived from the data analysis, important to consider when establishing talent-dependent organizations or businesses in current Russia.

  • Hård, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Svensson, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Utomhuspedagogik: En litteraturstudie om en naturlig lärmiljö2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att skapa en bild av vilken påverkan utomhuspedagogik har på undervisningen. Studier visar att lärare och pedagoger upplever utomhuspedagogik som främmande och obekvämt, och irrelevanta argument hör till vanligheten. Detta trots att forskning visar på att elever utvecklas positivt både socialt och kunskapsmässigt ute i naturen. Metoden vi använt oss av är en kvalitativ litteraturstudie där forskning från främst Sverige har analyserats. Vi valde framförallt svensk forskning då vårt intresse varit den svenska skolan och dess läroplan. I läroplanen står det att undervisningen ska anpassas efter varje enskild individs behov och erfarenheter. Utomhuspedagogik kan vara en sådan anpassning och resultatet vi fått fram pekar på att arbetssättet till störst del gynnar elevernas utveckling, både socialt och kunskapsmässigt. Både det sociokulturella- och det konstruktivistiska perspektivet av lärande talar för att utomhuspedagogik kan vara till stor fördel när det gäller kunskapsinhämtning för elever. Samhället blir allt mer mångkulturellt och detta syns även i klassrummet där det talas mer än bara ett språk. Vår studie prövar därför även hur utomhuspedagogik kan vara stöd vid integrering av nyanlända elever med bristande kunskaper i svenska språket.

    Slutsatsen är att lärare måste bli medvetna om utomhuspedagogikens fördelar. Att använda sig av naturen som redskap gynnar såväl den enskilda eleven som hela gruppen. Studien avslutas med en diskussion där resultatet jämförs med de tidigare erfarenheter och kunskaper vi har. Resultatet vi erhållit har gjort att vi båda funnit ett intresse för utomhuspedagogik och vi hoppas kunna applicera detta på vår framtida roll som lärare i årskurs 4–6. 

  • Larsson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Helméus, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Livsfrågor i religionskunskapsundervisningen: En litteraturstudie om arbetet med livsfrågor inom religionskunskap2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I kursplanen i ämnet religionskunskap tas livsfrågor upp som ett av fyra områden i det centrala innehåll eleverna i årskurs 4–6 som ska aktualiseras i undervisningen. Det innebär indirekt att en fjärdedel av undervisningen ska ägnas åt att behandla och utforska dessa livsfrågor. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur lärare beskriver livsfrågor i ämnet religionskunskap, vilka undervisningsstrategier de använder, vilka utmaningar som kan uppstå och hur eleverna ser på den livsfrågeundervisning de får. Den metod som vi använt oss av för att finna svaren på dessa frågor är en kvalitativ litteraturstudie. Den litteratur vi använt oss av är skriven av svenska forskare som är kända inom livsfråge- och religionsdidaktiskforskning. Resultatet av denna studie visar att det finns få studier som behandlar lärares perspektiv på livsfrågeundervisningen medan antalet studier som behandlar elevernas perspektiv inom detta område är mer beforskat. Detta innebär att vi inte bara analyserat forskning kring undervisningsstrategier i livsfrågeundervisningen utan även inkluderat den forskning som behandlar strategier i religionskunskapsundervisning mer generellt. Det framkom i analysen att de strategier lärarna beskrivs använda mest är olika typer av berättande, samtal och diskussioner i undervisningen. Det gäller både livsfråge-undervisningen och den övriga religionskunskapsundervisningen. Här framkommer även att mötet mellan lärare och elev beskrivs som den viktigaste framgångsfaktorn i klassrummet. De problem som uppkommer i livsfrågeundervisningen är kopplade till att livsfrågor kan tolkas på många olika sätt beroende på vem som behandlar frågan. Ett annat problem är att livsfrågor inte behandlas i tillräckligt stor utsträckning på lärarutbildningen, vilket gör att lärarna känner sig osäkra att undervisa i ämnet. Det framkommer även att lärare och elevers bild av hur undervisningen kring livsfrågor kan se ut skiljer sig. Lärarna tenderar att utgå mer från ett religionsperspektiv och eleverna önskar en mer livsfrågeorienterad undervisning där livsfrågor om meningen med livet, kärlek, frågor om framtiden och döden framträder.

  • Domeij, Björn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    On the solidification of compacted and spheroidal graphite irons2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A good understanding of the solidification process of a cast material is essential to understand how the combination of alloy composition and the casting process variables combines into the solid cast component and its performance. The wrong combination may result in poor performance or casting defects. Spheroidal graphite has been well researched in ductile irons (SGI) where it is predominant. Spheroidal graphite is also present in smaller amounts in compacted graphite irons (CGI), but its nature and role in this material is less understood. Recent associations of spheroidal graphite in CGI with shrinkage porosity problems highlights the need for better understanding in this area. The importance of the dendritic austenite structure to the properties and solidification behaviour of cast irons has been highlighted in recent research. However, progress is to a degree limited by lack of practical means to characterize the structure.

    In the present work, the transition of a cast iron from SGI to CGI though remelting was studied. As the fraction of SG dropped, the tips of the compacted graphite tended to lose contact with the melt at a later stage. After this occurred, solidification appeared to be dominated by spheroidal graphite. Compacted and spheroidal graphite was found to solidify mostly segregated, and the increased recallescence induced by a higher fraction of compacted graphite displayed small influence on the size distribution of spheroidal graphite apart from the total number and fraction. The partitioning of Si, Mn and Cu in SGI and CGI was found to agree well with each other, as well as with theoretical predictions under the assumptions of zero diffusion of the elements in the solid. This shows that the proportions of spheroidal and compacted graphite has small or no influence on the evolution of these elements in the melt during solidification. A method for characterization of the dendritic austenite in quenched cast irons was introduced and evaluated. The method includes a technique for producing a visual contrast between the ledeburite matrix and the dendritic austenite, and a scheme for producing binary images from the resulting micrographs which are suitable for automatic image analysis. Measurements of the volume fraction and surface area per unit volume of the dendritic austenite structure using the introduced method was found to agree reasonably with traditional point counting and line intercept techniques. The difficulty in finding the exact boundary was proposed to be the major source of systematic disagreement.

  • Helander, Jakob
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Karlläggning och analys av lagerlayout: Effektivisering av plock- och utleveransprocess2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Persson, Fanny
    et al.
    Turesson, Ida
    Interkulturell undervisning i en mångkulturell skola: En forskningsöversikt i samhällskunskap årskurs 4-62017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johansson, Rasmus
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Millennials och ledarskap: En kvalitativ studie om ledarskapspreferenser på RGB2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how generation Y in RGB (fictional name) describes different leadership preferences and to further evaluate whether RGB´s recruitment strategy aligns with those preferences. A targeted selection of organization was made followed by a targeted selection of participants which resulted in eight respondents (n=8). A qualitative approach designed as a case study was conducted. The study included both unstructured and semi-structured interviews. A pilot study was carried out to get a wider view and understanding of the complexity of the organization. A complementary interview was also performed since the organization showed an interest in comparing their recruitment strategy with the participants´ descriptions of leadership preferences. The distribution of the sample was six women and two men with varying occupational roles but with two things in common, social work and the exercise of public authority. The Pilot study, main data collection and the complementary interview was analyzed using elements from both thematic- and pragmatic analysis. The result of the study showed that the overall recruitment strategy in wide terms aligned with the leadership preferences presented by generation Y. Social competence, self-awareness and presence were central aspects which were mentioned by both participants, recruitment officer and HR-consultant.

  • Aspler, Simon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Van Mansvelt, Lucas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vad söker studenter i sitt framtida arbete?: En kvantitativ studie av högskolestudenter vid Jönköping University2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine what job attributes students at The School of Health and Welfare (HH) and The School of Engineering (JTH) in Jönköping preferred in the choice of their future employer. Furthermore, it was investigated whether sex and the choice of school influence students’ job attribute preferences. The study had a deductive research approach and quantitative data were collected by a delivery and collection questionnaire, which was handed out in classes at JTH and HH. The selection method consisted mainly of a random cluster sample with some elements of a convenience sample and the findings in this thesis are based on 346 students preferred job attributes conducted through a survey. One-way ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U and Univariate analysis was made to analyze collected data. The top five job attribute preferences among students was “work I like doing”, “friendly people to work with”, “a secure job”, “good working conditions”, and “opportunities to use my abilities”. A significant level at p= .05 was applied and showed significant differences in separate job attributes for both sex and school. By categorizing the job attributes the results showed that the internal job attributes was more preferred than the external job attributes. The result of this study contributes valuable information by which job attribute students prefer in their choice of their future employer and could be used by organizations to identify the target group which is inquired for.

  • Kullberg, Angelika
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Runesson, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research. University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.
    Marton, Ference
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    What is made possible to learn when using the variation theory of learning in teaching mathematics?2017In: ZDM - the International Journal on Mathematics Education, ISSN 1863-9690, E-ISSN 1863-9704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The variation theory of learning emphasizes variation as a necessary condition for learners to be able to discern new aspects of an object of learning. In a substantial number of studies, the theory has been used to analyze teaching and students’ learning in classrooms. In mathematics education, variation theory has also been used to explore variation in sets of instructional examples. For example, it has been reported how teachers, by using variation and invariance within and between examples, can help learners to engage with mathematical structure. In this paper, we describe the variation theory of learning, its underlying principles, and how it might be appropriated by teachers. We illustrate this by an analysis of one teacher’s teaching before and after he participated in three lesson studies based on variation theory. Both the theory and the empirical illustration focus on ‘what is made possible to learn’ in different learning situations. We show that in the two analyzed lessons, different things were made possible to learn.

  • Thörne, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Region Jönköping County.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Hult, Håkan
    Abrandt-Dahlgren, Madeleine
    Co-producing interprofessional round work: Designing spaces for patient partnership2017In: Quality Management in Health Care, ISSN 1063-8628, E-ISSN 1550-5154, Vol. 26, no 2, 70-82 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within wide-ranging quality improvement agendas, patient involvement in health care is widely accepted as crucial. Ward rounds that include patients' active participation are growing as an approach to involve patients, ensure safety, and improve quality. An emerging approach to studying quality improvement is to focus on "clinical microsystems," where patients, professionals, and information systems interact. This provides an opportunity to study ward rounds more deeply. A new model of conducting ward rounds implemented through quality improvement work was studied, using the theory of practice architectures as an analytical tool. Practice architecture focuses on the cultural-discursive, social-political, and material-economic conditions that shape what people do in their work. Practice architecture is a sociomaterial theoretical perspective that has the potential to change how we understand relationships between practice, learning, and change. In this study, we examine how changes in practices are accomplished. The results show that practice architecture formed co-productive learning rounds, a possible model integrating quality improvement in daily work. This emerged in the interplay between patients through their "double participation" (as people and as information on screens), and groups of professionals in a ward round room. However, social interplay had to be renegotiated in order to accomplish the goals of all ward rounds.

  • Lillieberg, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Rosén, Tommy
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Inställning till arbete hos generation Y: En kvalitativ studie om arbetsvärderingar hos tio svenska individer födda mellan 1984 - 19942017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate prominent work values of generation Y. Ten working respondents born between 1984 – 1994 participated by convenience sampling. A qualitative research design was used together with semi structured interviews. Collected data were analysed with thematic analysis and the authors found three main themes that could explain values within generation Y: work centrality, social values and communication and motivation. Prominent work values for respondents consisted of: work life balance, development opportunities, and the ability to customize their work.

  • Pehrsson, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Dahlberg, Tilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sambandet mellan arbetsbelastning, handlingsutrymme, stöd och återhämtning: En kvantitativ undersökning om gymnasielärares arbetsbelastning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om det fanns ett samband mellan gymnasielärares arbetsbelastning och det handlingsutrymme de säger sig ha i sin arbetssituation. Sambandet mellan återhämtning och stöd i relation till arbetsbelastning undersöktes också. Studien utgick från en kvantitativ metod, där ett bekvämlighetsurval gjordes utifrån två kommunala skolor som resulterade i ett utfall på 34 deltagare (n=34). Genom en tvärsnittsdesign samlades data in i form av en enkät, som bestod av fyra variabler; arbetsbelastning (α=.77), handlingsutrymme (α=.73), stöd (α=.84) och återhämtning (α=.71). Sedan jämfördes det mot demografiska variabler i form av kön, ålder och arbetsplats. För bearbetning av data användes statistikprogrammet, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) och genom en korrelationsanalys samt två t-testsanalyser nåddes ett resultat. Resultatet påvisade att det fanns ett samband mellan arbetsbelastning och handlingsutrymme samt återhämtning och ålder. Arbetsbelastning visade däremot inte något samband med kön, arbetsplats eller stöd. Genom t-tester erhölls resultatet att det fanns en samvariation mellan de två arbetsplatserna sett till handlingsutrymme och återhämtning men inte någon samvariation till arbetsbelastning och stöd.  

  • Fennsjö, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Larsson, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Upplevda orsaker till lågt antal anställda med utländsk bakgrund: En kvalitativ undersökning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the employees’ experienced reasons of why there are so few workers with other ethnic backgrounds in the organization BYGGET. The organization is one of the largest construction firms in Sweden and to ensure the company’s anonymity they have been given the fictitious name BYGGET. An information letter was sent to a targeted selection of managers within the local office and seven (n=7) people agreed to participate in the study. Data was collected with semi structured interviews which were then analyzed with a thematic method. The analysis revealed three main themes with associated subcategories, which became the foundation of the study’s final results. The results showed that organizational culture and education were the experienced reasons of why there were so few employees with other ethnic background. Further the results showed that quotation also was a theme that was discussed in the event of change and how that could happen. To increase the diversity in the organization the company must decrease the traditional influence of the trade union. Also it must be easier to ensure the quality of educations from other countries so that they will be valid for Swedish construction jobs.

  • Junuzi, Benita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Aljic, Envera
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hur arbetar äldreomsorgen i Kommun NN förebyggande mot etnisk diskriminering och hur upplever anställda det förebyggande arbetet?: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This empirical study aimed to investigate how the care of the elderly in municipality NN (fictive name) works to prevent ethnic discrimination and the experiences with this work. The study was operationalized with a qualitative approach with a psychological point of view. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with both employees and unit managers to compile a holistic picture of the work. The authors conducted a targeted selection of organization and then a convenience sampling. This resulted in eight participants (n = 8) of whom four were unit managers and four were nurses, with a distribution of three men and five women. A constructed interview template was used when conducting the interviews, and for the result a thematic analysis method was used. The findings of the study showed that there is a lack of preventive efforts against ethnic discrimination in municipality NN. The inadequate factors in the preventive work against ethnic discrimination were shown to be information and communication.

  • Bendroth, Philip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Servenius, Oskar
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Studenters upplevelse av social och organisatorisk arbetsmiljö: En enkätstudie om skillnader mellan individuella faktorer hos studenter på Jönköping University2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's purpose was to map differences between individual factors and the perception of the social and organizational work environment among students at Jönköping University. The social and organizational work environment in this study is based on six different segments: demands, control, social support, balance between studies and free time, health and wellbeing and offensive behavior. The study is quantitative and is based on a cross-sectional design with a deductive approach. In March 2017, an online survey was distributed to students with a study pace of 75 % or more at the university. The survey generated 1324 responses with at response rate of 19,3 %. The data were analyzed with Independent Sample t-test, Independent One Way ANOVA and Kruskal Wallis ANOVA. The results showed that particularly women, older students, international students who are not part of an exchange program, Swedish students and students from the Health and Technical Schools, perceived the social and organizational work environment more negatively than their comparison groups. The segment, health and wellbeing, showed the lowest mean score of all the segments. The study's results confirmed existing theories with the exceptions that the older students experienced the social and organizational work environment more negatively than the other students, and that the exchange students perceived it more positively. For further research the authors suggests qualitative studies to identify the causes of the differences that showed significant results.

  • Rahmati-Najarkolaei, Fatemeh
    et al.
    Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran .
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Saffari, Mohsen
    Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran .
    Hosseini, Mahboobeh Sadat
    Nephrology and Urology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Hajizadeh, Fereshteh
    Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Chen, Hui
    School of Life Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Technology Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Yekanineja, Mir Saeed
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Determinants of lifestyle behavior in Iranian adults with prediabetes: Applying the theory of planned behavior2017In: Archives of Iranian Medicine, ISSN 1029-2977, Vol. 20, no 4, 198-204 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Prediabetic condition can lead to development of type 2 diabetes, especially in individuals who do not adhere to a healthy lifestyle. The aim of the present study was to investigate the socio-cognitive factors using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) that may be associated with the choice of lifestyle in prediabetic patients. METHODS: A prospective study with one-month follow up was designed to collect data from 350 individuals with prediabetic conditions. A questionnaire was used to collect the information, including demographic variables, exercise behavior, food consumption, as well as the constructs of the TPB (attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention) regarding physical activity and dietary choice. The correlations between TPB variables and the dependent variables (dietary choice, physical activity) were assessed using Spearman correlation and multiple regression models. RESULT: In total, 303 people participated. The mean age of the participants was 53.0 (SD 11.5) years and 42% were males. Significant correlations were found between all TPB constructs and both dependent variables (healthy eating and exercise behaviors) both at baseline and after one month (P < 0.01). The predictive validity of the TPB over time was proved for both dependent variables where past and future behaviors were significantly correlated with the constructs. Nearly 87% of the variance in exercise behavior and 72% of the variance in healthy eating behavior were explainable by TPB constructs. CONCLUSION: The TPB may be a useful model to predict behaviors of physical activity and dietary choice among prediabetic people. Therefore, it may be used to monitor lifestyle modification to prevent development of diabetes among people with prediabetic conditions. 

  • Johansson, Isabelle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Effekt på munhälsa av samarbete mellan tandhygienist och personal i äldreomsorg2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Gustafsson, Berit M.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience, Linköping, Sweden.
    Proczkowska-Björklund, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Per A.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience, Linköping, Sweden.
    Emotional and behavioural problems in Swedish preschool children rated by preschool teachers with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)2017In: BMC Pediatrics, ISSN 1471-2431, E-ISSN 1471-2431, Vol. 17, no 1, 110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a high risk that young children who show early signs of mental health problems develop symptoms in the same or overlapping areas some years later. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is widely used to screen externalizing and internalizing problems early in life. In Sweden 80-90% of all children aged 1-5 years go to preschool and preschool is thus an appropriate context for finding early signs of mental health problems among children.

    Methods: This study is part of a longitudinal project too investigate the frequency of emotional and behavioural problems for children between 1 and 5 years of age in Sweden. The SDQ including the impairment supplement questions were rated by preschool teachers too establish Swedish norms for SDQ in preschool children.

    Results: The sample involved 815 children with a mean age of 42 months (SD = 16, range 13-71 months). 195 children were followed longitudinally for three years. There were significant differences between boys and girls on all subscales except for the Emotional subscale. The prevalence of behavioural problems was similar to other that in European countries, except for Prosocial behaviour, which was rated lower, and Conduct problems, rated higher. Swedish children were estimated to have more problems in the preschool setting, scored by preschool teachers. The development of behaviour over time differed for the different subscales of SDQ.

    Conclusions: The teacher version of the SDQ, for 2-4 year-olds, can be used as a screening instrument to identify early signs of emotional distress/behavioural problems in young children. Preschool teachers seem to be able to identify children with problematic behaviour with the use of SDQ at an early age. The development of behaviour over time differs for the different subscales of SDQ. The Swedish norms for SDQ are to a large extent, similar to findings from other European countries. 

  • Annerhult, Daniella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hagelberg, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Utmaningar och svårigheter vid bedömning i etik inom religionskunskap: En litteraturstudie om religionskunskapslärares arbete samt utmaningar vid bedömning i etik2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka hur lärare i årskurs 4-6 arbetar med bedömning i etik inom religionskunskap. Frågor som kommer besvaras sker genom att titta på tidigare forskning som har gjorts inom området. För att skapa en förståelse hos läsaren inom ämnet presenteras i bakgrunden en beskrivning av läroplanen samt vilka specifika kunskapskrav det finns i religionskunskapen för etik, lärarens roll vid betygsättning, olika bedömningsformer samt syftet med bedömning. Vidare diskuteras val av den metod som använts i studien samt vilka urval som gjorts vid informationssökningen. Studiens resultat visar på att det finns svårigheter för lärare vid bedömning av sina elever när det kommer till etik. Det framkommer också genom olika studier att lärarna upplever att de inte har tillräckligt med kunskap vid bedömning inom ämnet och att det bedömningsstöd som ges är vagt då det är tolkningsbart. 

  • Haraldsson, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Holm, Karolina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Barns förståelse av kommutativitet: Barns utveckling av kommutativitet i förhållande till effektiva räknestrategier2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom matematiken återfinns många olika områden, aritmetik är ett av dem. Området aritmetik har en central roll för de grundläggande matematiska kunskaper som barn i svensk skola ska utveckla. En sådan kunskap är att tillägna sig de fyra räknesättens olika egenskaper, däribland kommutativitet. Kommutativitet är den egenskap som gör att termer i en addition kan byta plats, alltså att 2+5 är lika mycket som 5+2. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur matematikdidaktisk forskning beskriver barns utveckling av kommutativitet hos addition. Arbetet är en litteraturstudie där internationell matematikdidaktisk forskning analyserats. Materialet som valts ut har granskats genom närläsning och en komparativ analys.

    Genom det analyserade materialet har tre huvudsakliga faktorer för hur barn tillägnar sig förståelse för egenskapen kommutativitet hos addition framkommit. Dessa faktorer är om konkret material används, barns ålder och om barn tenderar att fokusera på termerna eller summan i kommutativa uppgifter. I studien har det även framkommit att hos yngre barn föregår kommutativitet ofta tillägnandet av effektiva räknestrategier så som ”störst-först”-strategin. Det vill säga att barn som insett den kommutativa egenskapen hos addition räknar upp från ett större tal hellre än från ett mindre, som till exempel när de räknar 3+7 räknar de upp från 7 snarare än från 3. Materialet pekar på att kommutativitet kan vara något barn naturligt utvecklar en förståelse av.

  • Cavico, Frank J.
    et al.
    The H. Wayne Huizenga School of Business and Entrepreneurship, Nova Southeastern University, USA.
    Mujtaba, Bahaudin G.
    The H. Wayne Huizenga School of Business and Entrepreneurship, Nova Southeastern University, USA.
    Nonet, Guénola
    The H. Wayne Huizenga School of Business and Entrepreneurship, Nova Southeastern University, USA.
    Rimanoczy, Isabel
    The H. Wayne Huizenga School of Business and Entrepreneurship, Nova Southeastern University, USA.
    Samuel, Marissa
    The H. Wayne Huizenga School of Business and Entrepreneurship, Nova Southeastern University, USA.
    Developing a legal, ethical, and socially responsible mindset for business leadership2015In: Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, ISSN 2055-0286, Vol. 2, no 6, 9-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main responsibilities of educators is to prepare the future leaders for our communities and society so they can think of the legal, ethical, social, and environmental consequences of their decisions as managers and professionals. In other words, these future leaders must become great forecasters of the impact of their decisions, strategic choices and actions before they execute them. In order to instill ethical values in the minds of future business leaders, it is best to regularly and continuously socialize them with ethical and sustainability expectations from the outset. As such, this article proposes that educators should begin inculcating students through a mandatory “ethics” orientation at the beginning of their studies. Therefore, in this paper, the authors present an overview of an actual ethics orientation program for graduate students along with the overall benefits of it. Relevant recommendations and suggestions are provided for administrators, educators, and curriculum coordinators.

  • Stefan, Ehlert
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Björn, Hjelström
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Arkitektur för mashup av flera REST API:er2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Web APIs in their different shapes and sizes are a common way to make services accessible through the web. Today, the REST architectural style is the dominating approach to develop public APIs. When combining several web services, it is called creating a mashup. The problem explored in this thesis is how several REST APIs can be combined into a mashup. Consequently, the purpose of this thesis is to suggest a generic architecture for mashups combining REST APIs.

    A design science approach is used in this study to develop an artifact in the form of a generic architecture for mashups of REST APIs. By studying previous research, characteristics and properties are found that represent the basis of the proposed architecture. The architecture is implemented as an application in a real world scenario at Cygate AB. The architecture is, finally, evaluated by Cygate AB through four criteria that measure software quality.

    The architecture is deemed to be of good quality according to the evaluation performed by Cygate AB. Conclusions can be made that the architecture is applicable in similar scenarios where several REST APIs are combined to a mashup. 

  • Hérard, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Karlsson, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Appar i matematikundervisningen: En litteraturstudie om appars användning i de lägre åldrarna2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler skolor satsar idag på att införa digital teknik som ett verktyg i undervisningen, vilket innebär att elevers tillgång till en dator eller surfplatta har ökat. Även om den digitala tekniken har potential att förbättra lärandet, om den används på ett medvetet sätt, sker användandet av den här teknik relativt sparsamt i dagens matematikundervisningen. Den digitala tekniken har således god potential att påverka lärandet positivt men det är viktigt att införandet av tekniken görs med ett tydligt definierat syfte av det som har för avsikt att läras ut och hur det ska ske. Det är en utmaning, inte minst då forskning om hur appar kan användas i matematikundervisningen är begränsad.

     

    Syftet med litteraturstudien är att bidra med kunskap om vilken funktion appar kan fylla för matematikundervisningen i de lägre åldrarna. Litteraturstudien har en kvalitativ ansats där innehållet i 9 tidskriftsartiklar och 2 konferensbidrag har granskats och tolkats. Vid materialanalysen arbetades olika teman fram som sedan användes för att presentera resultatet.

     

    Resultatet visade att användning av appar kan bidra till att höja nivån av motivation och engagemang hos elever. Det framgick även att appar erbjöd en del unika möjligheter som kan vara svåra att uppnå med traditionell undervisning. Till de här hör möjlighet till omedelbar feedback och vägledning, individanpassning och användning av flera sinnen. Slutsatsen är att användning av appar kan ha potential att stärka elevers lärande. Lärare har en viktig roll i att kunna avgöra när en app är ett lämpligt verktyg för att uppnå lektionsmålet eller när traditionell undervisning lämpar sig bättre.

  • Bergnehr, Disa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Omsorg för dagen och fostran för en framtid: Irakiska mödrars strategier för att skapa tillhörighet i Sverige2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 51-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Caring in the present and fostering for the future: Iraqi mothers’ reconstruction of belonging during resettlement in Sweden

    The present study explores Iraqi women’s mothering strategies for protecting, nurturing, and training their child, as well as how they use different approaches to (re)construct feelings of belonging during the process of resettlement. It is qualitative in design and based on individual interviews as well as focus groups discussions with a total of 27 women. Narrative method has inspired the analysis. The results show a child-centred motherhood with everyday practices aimed at creating a sense of safety and belonging for the child. Belonging to the family is central. The child’s societal and future belonging is connected to educational achievement, with prospects of employment and upward mobility. Accordingly, the mothers apply strategies aimed at promoting such a life trajectory. However, aspirations for belonging in the future can sometimes conflict with belonging at the present. In addition, striving to create belonging for the child can be in conflict with the parents’ sense of belonging.

  • Tonestam, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ekström, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    The Gaming Classroom: Integrering av datorspel i klassrummet och dess inverkan på kommunikationsförmågor i engelska2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Elevers vardag består till stor del av skärmar. För många elever är datorstolen eller tv-soffan det första de sätter sig i när de kommer hem från skolan. Detta datorspelande har bekymrat en del föräldrar och även lärare. Påverkar detta våra barn och elevers prestation och förmågor som de behöver använda i skolan? Fler och fler studier och artiklar skrivs och undersökningar utförs kring den nya generationen som inte kan låta bli alla skärmar och att spela dator-och tvspel i timmar i sträck. Finns det några positiva sidor med det här fenomenet? Kan det även vara så att det går att ta in denna värld bakom skolans dörrar och med hjälp av den motivera eleverna och faktiskt lära sig från spelen och utöka sina språkliga förmågor? Att detta är möjligt har visats av flera forskare och i vår litteraturstudie sammanfattar vi olika syner och teorier inom ramarna för detta arbetsområde.

    Vår studie syftar till att ta reda på hur datorspel kan användas i undervisningen och hur det kan påverka det engelska ordförrådet hos våra elever. Vi har också försökt bilda oss en uppfattning om vilken typ av genrer inom datorspel som bäst gynnar elevernas engelskkunskaper och vilken inverkan det språk som används i spelvärlden kan ha på den formella engelska som lärs ut i skolan. Vi presenterar även olika sorters speltyper och resonerar kring vilka som kan motivera eleverna till att lära sig samtidigt som de har roligt och förbättrar sina engelskkunskaper. För att få svar på våra frågor har vi granskat vetenskapliga artiklar och litteratur som vi har funnit via olika sökmotorer på internet. Vi har kommit fram till att spelvärlden på flera olika sätt kan påverka elevernas språkliga förmågor, men att det krävs en involverad och kunnig lärare för att ta vara på möjligheterna som ges.

  • Edvardsson, Moa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Andersson, Linnea
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    ”Det är ju inte så roligt att vara ensam”: En studie om heteronormativitet i svensk reality-TV2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how heteronormativity is constructed in reality-TV. The study anylizes one episode of Bonde söker fru (the Swedish version of Farmer wants a wife) and one episode of the Swedish tv-show Tro, hopp och kärlek (Faith, hope and love). Both of them are dating programmes and were broadcasted during the fall of 2016. The study uses the queer theoretical framework which is questioning the heteronormativity and how it exercises power over the ones not living within the norm. The critical discourse analysis is implemented as both a method and theoretical framework. As a method the critical discourse analysis is used to show how the language constructs heteronormativity and helps the study to expose power structures. The purpose of the study is to expose structures that construct normative and abnormative love relationships.

    The study identifies five different themes that contributes to the perception of the love relationship: A complete life, The great love, Life without love relationship, I am ready and The measurable goal. The heteronormative ideas shows through the construction of the love relationship as a problem solver, the love relationship is the most prioritised relationship in participant’s lives, being single involves alienation and a feeling of failure as well as the goal of the love relationship is a longlasting relationship  with the desire of reproduction. The study also indicates that there is requirements on when in life the love relationship should occur. 

  • Barmano, Neshro
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Department of Internal Medicine, County Hospital Ryhov, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Walfridsson, Ulla
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Walfridsson, Håkan
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Jan-Erik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Department of Internal Medicine, County Hospital Ryhov, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Structured care of patients with atrial fibrillation improves guideline adherence2016In: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation, E-ISSN 1941-6911, Vol. 9, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many reports of lack of guideline adherence in the treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and AF affects health-related quality of life (HRQo L) negatively. The aim of this study was to investigate whether structured care compared to standard care of a general AF population could improve guideline adherence and HRQo L, and reduce symptoms, anxiety and depression. In total, 176 patients were recruited to the intervention and 146 patients to the control group. The intervention consisted of a structured follow-up program, while patients serving as controls received standard care. The primary outcome was guideline adherence evaluated through: appropriate use of oral anticoagulants (OAC) and antiarrhythmics, whether echocardiogram and thyroid lab tests were performed, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), assessed with the questionnaires SF-36, EQ-5D, HADS and ASTA at baseline and after one year Guideline adherence was significantly better in the intervention group, 91% vs. 63% (p < 0.01), mainly due to appropriate OAC treatment 94% vs. 74% (p < 0.01). Symptoms assessed with ASTA were less frequent and the negative impact of AF was reduced in the intervention group after one year/at follow-up. Five scales in SF-36, and the visual analogue scale for current health status in EQ-5D (EQ-VAS), improved significantly in both groups. Structured care of patients with AF significantly improved guideline adherence and patients reported fewer symptoms and a reduced negative impact on disease-specific HRQo L compared to standard care at one year follow-up.

  • Jarfors, Anders E. W.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Castagne, Sylvie J.
    School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Danno, Atsushi
    Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Singapore.
    Zhang, Xinping
    School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China.
    Tool wear and life span variations in cold forming operations and their implications in microforming2017In: TECHNOLOGIES, ISSN 2227-7080, Vol. 5, no 1, 3Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current paper aims to review tooling life span, failure modes and models in cold microforming processes. As there is nearly no information available on tool-life for microforming the starting point was conventional cold forming. In cold forming common failures are (1) over stressing of the tool; (2) abrasive wear; (3) galling or adhesive wear, and (4) fatigue failure. The large variation in tool life observed in production and how to predict this was reviewed as this is important to the viability of microforming based on that the tooling cost takes a higher portion of the part cost. Anisotropic properties of the tool materials affect tool life span and depend on both the as-received and in-service conditions. It was concluded that preconditioning of the tool surface, and coating are important to control wear and fatigue. Properly managed, the detrimental effects from surface particles can be reduced. Under high stress low-cycle fatigue conditions, fatigue failure form internal microstructures and inclusions are common. To improve abrasive wear resistance larger carbides are commonly the solution which will have a negative impact on tooling life as these tend to be the root cause of fatigue failures. This has significant impact on cold microforming.

  • Grabis, Jānis
    et al.
    Institute of Information Technology, Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Science and Informatics. Faculty of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Business Information Systems, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany.
    Value-based and context-aware selection of software-service bundles: A capability based method2017In: Complex Systems Informatics and Modeling Quarterly, ISSN 2255-9922, no 10, 21-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many application areas, vendors offer to their clients combinations of software products and services, which can be considered as software-service bundles. The clients select a combination of software product and associated service best suited to their individual requirements and circumstances. The bundle usually has to be configured by the vendor to fit the specific situation of the client. When circumstances change, the software-service bundle or its configuration need adaptation. The article proposes a method helping clients to select the most appropriate combination or configuration. The method is based on information sharing between the vendor and client and also supports the continuous improvement of the solution in response to changing circumstances. The method applies principles and techniques of the Capability Driven Development to specify performance objectives and contextual factors affecting delivery of a software-service bundle. Application of the method is shown using an illustrative case of a data processing service from utility industries.

  • Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Boström, Ann-Kristin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Generation, relationer mellan generationer, generationspolicy: Ett mångspråkigt kompendium2017In: Generationen, Generationenbeziehungen, Generationenpolitik: Ein mehrsprachiges Kompendium / [ed] Kurt Lüscher, Andreas Hoff, Gil Viry & Eric Widmer, Mariano Sánchez, Giovanni Lamura & Marta Renzi, Andrzej Klimczuk, Paulo de Salles Oliveira, Ágnes Neményi, Enikő Veress, Cecilia Bjursell & Ann-Kristin Boström, Gražina Rapolienė & Sarmitė Mikulionienė, Sema Oğlak & Ayşe Canatan, Universität Konstanz , 2017, 215-236 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Transformative leadership: A Swedish case2017In: Leadership and Change Management: A Cross-Cultural Perspective / [ed] Daphne Halkias, Joseph C. Santora, Nicholas Harkiolakis, Paul W. Thurman, Routledge, 2017, 114-119 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Karlström, Albin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Mete, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Undervisning kring mat och hälsa i de naturorienterande ämnena: En litteraturstudie med fokus på elevers föreställningar kring matspjälkning och näringsupptag2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste decennierna har TIMMS undersökningar visat att svenska elevers resultat försämrats inom de naturvetenskapliga ämnena. Forskningen menar att möjliga faktorer till dessa resultat kan bero på elevernas inställning till ämnet samt hur undervisningen är utformad. Denna studie syftar till att undersöka litteratur kring elevers föreställningar kring naturvetenskapliga begrepp, med fokus på matspjälkning och näringsupptag, samt hur lärare undervisar om mat och hälsa i naturvetenskap. I studien har internationella och nationella litteraturer behandlats, dessutom har valda lärandeteorier analyserats med fokus på konstruktivismen och det sociokulturella perspektivet. I Studien har vi även behandlat olika undervisningsmetoder verksamma lärare använder sig av för att främja elevernas kunskapsinhämtning. Då studiens metod är en litteraturstudie har vetenskapliga artiklar från olika databaser analyserats och valts ut efter studiens valda syfte.

    Resultatet av vår litteraturstudie visar på att elever har svårigheter att förstå och förklara naturvetenskapliga begrepp. Elever använder sig av vardagsbegrepp när de ska förklara vad som sker i magsäck och tarm. Resultatet visar att elever tillämpar sina tidigare erfarenheter för att förklara matspjälkning och näringsupptag.

    Resultatet innefattar också två lärandeteorier som presenterar deras synsätt och förhållningssätt i de naturvetenskapliga ämnena.

    Resultatet visar även att lärarens kvalité på undervisningen har en stor betydelse för elevernas kunskapsinhämtning. Enligt forskningen är det lärarens egna attityder och kunskaper till ämnet som speglar undervisningen, där det är viktigt att lärare har en korrekt förståelse för det aktuella begreppet. Detta betyder att lärare med hög ämneskunskap och god pedagogisk skicklighet gynnar elevers begreppsförändring. 

  • Brag, Ingela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Johansson, Lisa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Ett klassrum för alla: Skolträdgården och skogen som pedagogiskt verktyg2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att undersöka vilka effekter forskning visar att

    undervisning i skolträdgård och skogsmiljö har för inlärningen hos elever i grundskolan,

    med fokus på elever med särskilda behov. Studien bygger på nationell och internationell

    forskning i form av artiklar, doktorsavhandlingar, forskningsrapporter och en

    masteruppsats. 

    Det krävs ett bra kollegialt samarbete och stöd från skolledningen då det kommer till

    arbetet med en skolträdgård. Vår studie visar att lärarens egna osäkerhet kring odling och

    huruvida hen har de rätta ämneskunskaperna som krävs för att undervisa där ibland utgör

    ett hinder. Resultatet visar dock att undervisning i skolträdgård och skogsmiljö, där

    eleverna själva får vara medskapande, ökar deras koncentrationsförmåga samt stärker

    deras begreppsförmåga. Genom ett laborativt och undersökande arbetssätt i grupper övar

    eleverna på att samarbeta och kommunicera med sina klasskamrater. De kan då dela med

    sig av sina egna erfarenheter vilket skapar möjligheter till ny kunskapsinhämtning.

    Koncentrations- och självkontrollsförmågan ökar väsentligt hos elever med särskilda

    behov, vilket i sin tur ger dem en större chans att klara deltagande i grupp. Då arbetet i till

    exempel en skolträdgård blir belönat med en vacker blomning eller fina grönsaker stärks

    elevers självkänsla. Vår studie visar att denna positiva känsla sedan följer med eleverna in

    i det traditionella klassrummet.

    Vår slutsats är att elevers lärande gynnas av praktiskt arbete i skolträdgård och

    skogsmiljö. Möjligheten att inkludera samtliga elever i arbetet med en skolträdgård ser vi

    som ett starkt argument till att använda sig av denna undervisningsmetod. 

  • Malmqvist, Anton
    et al.
    Persson, Felix
    Begreppsförändring samt vardags- och ämnesspråk: En litteraturstudie kring språkets betydelse inom naturvetenskaplig undervisning i mellanåren2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska elevers resultat inom de naturvetenskapliga ämnena har de senaste decennierna visat på en nedåtgående trend. Forskning menar att naturvetenskaplig undervisning har tendens till att kännas främmande för elever, där de behöver använda ett ämnesspråk som de inte är bekväma med. Denna studie syftar till att undersöka litteratur kring språkets betydelse inom naturvetenskaplig undervisning huvudsakligen i mellanåren, även undersöka valda pedagogiska lärandeteorier, konstruktivism och sociokulturellt perspektiv, och hur de kan utveckla elevers kunskapsinhämtning. I studien kommer vardags- och ämnesspråk samt begreppsförändring att behandlas, dessutom kommer valda lärandeteorier att analyseras. Studien kommer även behandla hur lärare synliggör skillnader och samband mellan naturvetenskapligt vardags- och ämnesspråk i lärandemiljö, men också hur begreppsförändring uppmärksammas i naturvetenskapliga undervisningssammanhang. Då studiens metod är en litteraturstudie har vetenskapliga artiklar från olika databaser analyserats och valts ut efter studiens valda syfte.

    Resultatet av vår litteraturstudie visar på flera olika undervisningsmetoder och strategier för begreppsförändring samt ämnes- och vardagsspråk som kan appliceras i klassrumssammanhang. Vi har även funnit viss kritik mot de undervisningsmetoder som används vid begreppsförändring. Utöver detta återges språkliga svårigheter i kommunikation mellan lärare och elever i naturvetenskaplig undervisning. Resultatet innefattar också två lärandeteorier som presenterar deras synsätt och förhållningssätt kring undervisning i de naturvetenskapliga ämnena. De metoder som presenteras i studiens resultat har både för- och nackdelar, vilket betyder att det inte går att bestämma att en viss metod lämpar sig bäst för all undervisning, utan en blandning mellan olika metoder beroende på kontext är att föredra.

  • Faag, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Faag, Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Programmering som matematisk lärandemiljö: Kan programmering bidra till att utveckla matematiska förmågor?2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Finns det matematik i programmering? Den svenska regeringen och Skolverket verkar ha den uppfattningen. Det finns dock åsikter som pekar på motsatsen.

    På grund av samhällets ökade digitalisering gav regeringen Skolverket i uppdrag att ta fram ett förslag på Nationella it- strategier för skolväsendet (2016). Förslaget godtogs av regeringen den 9 mars 2017. Avsikten med förslaget är att utveckla elevers digitala kompetens genom att bland annat införa programmering i läroplanen, främst i kursplanen för matematik. Den vetenskapliga grunden för förslaget har däremot ifrågasatts. Denna litteraturstudie syftar därför till att undersöka förhållandet mellan programmering och matematik gällande vilka förmågor som kan utvecklas. De förmågor som programmering i forskning beskrivs kunna utveckla, jämförs med de fem förmågorna i kursplanen för matematik. Studiens slutsats är att forskning visar att programmering kan utveckla flera förmågor som kan anses vara matematiska, exempelvis problemlösningsförmåga, kreativ förmåga och samarbetsförmåga.

  • Ganesh, Koushik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Pravin Kumar, Prithivraj
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Mapping of development process for Tacit knowledge transfer in Product development organization: Knowledge management in change managent2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is focused on developing a set of work standards or framework to the company, Isaberg Rapid which has changed its parent company and because of it lost many of its experienced employees. Subsequently a lot of implicit knowledge is lost along with the employees, which later became evident when challenges recurred in production. The aim of the research project is to create a proof methodology to avoid this loss by storing this tacit knowledge for any references, even if the employees involved with the product are lost. 

  • Fredriksson, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Ek, Josefin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    Van Hiele´s teori: En litteraturstudie om elevers lärande och geometriundervisning utifrån van Hiele´s teori2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ämnesområdet för litteraturstudien är matematik, mer specificerat mot området geometri, gällande elevers lärande om geometriska figurer utifrån van Hiele´s teori. Det finns flera problemområden inom matematik, ett av dem är elevers svårigheter att benämna geometriska figurer och dess egenskaper med korrekt terminologi. Elevers matematiska språk och erfarenheter anses idag vara influerat av vardagligt språk, exempelvis benämns fyrhörning frekvent som fyrkant. Därför är syftet med vår litteraturstudie att klargöra relationen mellan undervisning gällande geometriska figurer och elevers lärande, utifrån van Hiele´s teori. Genomförande av denna litteraturstudie har gjorts genom analys av vetenskapliga publikationer i form av doktorsavhandlingar, forskningsartiklar och en antologi. Publikationerna som använts har hittats i databaserna ERIC och Google Scholar. Analys har gjorts med hjälp av en analysmall för att synliggöra likheter och skillnader som framgick mellan publikationerna. Urvalet som gjorts har baserats på våra frågeställningar. Genom denna litteraturstudie har vi konstaterat att van Hiele´s teori består av fem tankenivåer. Varje nivå uppnås successivt genom en stegvis progression. Progressionen har sin utgångspunkt i det konkreta och strävar mot det abstrakta. Inom van Hiele´s teori har språket en väsentlig roll och lärandet sker i en social kontext. Laboration och konkret material används som medel för att nå nästkommande nivå. En god begreppsförståelse är utvecklad när elever har nått abstraktion, vilket gör att konkret material inte behöver tillämpas mer. Vår slutsats är, inom geometriundervisning måste det finnas en progression från konkret till abstrakt, för att elever ska kunna utveckla god begreppsförståelse. Det finns möjligheter att tillämpa van Hiele´s teori i praktiken, eftersom den kan användas som både undervisningsmetod med hjälp av stöttande faser och som verktyg för bedömning. Van Hiele´s teori kan ge både elever och lärare möjligheter att utveckla matematiska kunskaper inom området geometri och därför anser vi van Hiele´s teori som relevant inför vårt kommande yrke som lärare.

  • Falk, Jesper
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Thulin, Jonathan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Planlösningsprioriteringar av prefabricerade tvåplanshus2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose: Important for house manufacturers is to keep track of specific customer preferences and priorities to have products that matches these. If a manufacturer does not have a product that fits the customer priorities, manufacturers will lose customers both before and during the process has started. The goal of the study is to report what house manufacturers should prioritize in the floor plan design of prefabricated two-storey houses.

    Method: The study has been conducted with a variety of methods. In order to study customer preferences and priorities a survey was made for potential house byers and interviews with house manufacturers sales agents. To get an overview about the changes that are most commonly performed, an analysis of documents on two of Götenehus house models was made.

    Findings: The results of the study show the kitchen's high priority among potential house buyers. Clearly shows that, above all, the social spaces in the form of kitchen living and dining room is generally very high priority among the general population In Stockholm. The study also shows that these rooms were desired with a relatively large surface area. It was also very unusual for these rooms to get reduced space.

    Unlike the social spaces, the private spaces hade ha wide range of demands. Above all, the bathroom and the master bedroom had highly prioritized. The other bedrooms were however generally one of house buy’ers lowest priority. In general, the service areas were shown to be the lowest prioritised rooms. The laundry room was desired to be large with great storage units, but were rarely executed as wanted.

    Implications: The social space, master bedroom and the bathroom has a great importance for customers in Stockholm County. House manufacturers should prioritize these rooms. In contrast, house manufacturers should not prioritize room as office and WC/D. Doing so, house manufacturers can offer customers a product that minimizes the impact on costs by changes.

    Limitations: The study deals only with prefabricated detached two-storey houses. The study does not include factors such as finance, property space or family constellations. The study was limited to the Stockholm County because of the concentrated market for two-storey house. The gathered information was not extracted prior ten years.

  • Ljungström, Louise
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Jansson Eklund, Karolin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Att skriva är att göra tänkandet synligt: om skrivprocessen bakom den färdiga elevtexten2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Eriksson, Jenni
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Linnér, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Med andraspråkselever i klassrummet: En litteraturstudie om språkutvecklande arbetssätt i undervisningen2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna litteraturstudie beskriver andraspråksutveckling utifrån forskning. Vår upplevelse av verksamheten är att lärare inte har kunskaper hur elever med annat modersmål än svenska ska undervisas på bästa sätt. Resultatet i denna studie visar att lärarens kunskaper om andraspråksutveckling är en viktig faktor för andraspråkselevers skolframgång. Forskning visar flera gynnsamma arbetssätt som skulle bidra till en mer utvecklande undervisning för andraspråkslever om läraren har kunskaper om dessa arbetssätt. Lärarens kunskaper kring språkutveckling är starkt förknippat med lärarens attityd till flerspråkighet. Med godare kunskaper kommer också ett positivare förhållningssätt gentemot elever med ett annat modersmål än svenska. Elevens språk bör ses som en resurs och inte som ett hinder. Emellertid visar resultatet att lärare saknar korrekt kompetens, vilket har negativa konsekvenser för elevens språkutveckling. En annan slutsats från resultatet är att kollegialt samarbete har stor betydelse för andraspråkselevers skolframgång. När elevens utbildning grundas på ett gott samarbete mellan modersmålslärare, klasslärare och studiehandledare blir elevens behov synliga. På detta sätt kan man ge eleven större möjligheter att utvecklas så långt som möjligt. Studien är en litteraturstudie som genomförts med informationssökning och litteraturanalys som metod. Syftet med studien är att analysera forskningsmaterial för att kunna sammanställa ett resultat kring vad forskning säger om språkutvecklande arbetssätt. Studien belyser sociokulturell teoriram, kognitivism, pragmatism och behaviourism utifrån ett språk- och lärandeperspektiv. Materialet som använts i studien har valts ut genom kriterier som innebär att texterna ska innehålla skolkontext, årskurs 1-9 och första- och andraspråksinlärning.

  • Amberntsson, Pelle
    Göteborgs universitet.
    The Past of Present Livelihoods: Historical perspectives on modernisation, rural policy regimes and smallholder poverty - a case from Eastern Zambia2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an enquiry into the processes shaping rural livelihoods in peripheral areas. The study is situated in the field of livelihood research and departs in the persistent crisis within African smallholder agriculture and in rural policy debates during the postindependence era. The research takes a critical stance to the way that people-centred and actor-oriented approaches have dominated livelihood research, thereby over-shadowing structural and macro-oriented features.

    The aim of this study is to, through a historical perspective on rural livelihoods and policy regimes, uncover the political and economic processes, with their discursive foundations, that shape contemporary rural livelihoods in peripheral areas. The analytical framework emphasises four key factors: ideas of development and modernity; the terms of incorporation into the global economy; rural policy regimes; smallholders’ ways of making a living. Inspiration is gained from critical political geography, world-systems analysis and different perspectives on rural livelihoods and development.

    The empirical study is based on fieldwork in Chipata District in Eastern Zambia, investigations at the National Archives of Zambia, the British National Archives and library research. The findings are presented in three parts. The first part looks into contemporary policies and the situation among smallholders in Chipata District. The second part examines the history of the area up to independence in 1964. The third part examines the post-independence period which links colonial experience to the contemporary situation.

    The findings suggest that smallholders’ livelihoods are shaped by long-term politicaleconomic- discursive processes, rooted in the terms of the study area’s integration into the world-economy in the colonial period. Colonial policies peripheralised the area through tax, labour, and market policies and the creation of native reserves, all of which have led to contemporary problems of food insecurity, soil depletion and a marginal role in agricultural markets. Since the inception of colonial rule, semi-proletarianisation has been a dominant process in the area. Current diversified livelihoods are more a contemporary expression of this semi-proletarianisation than a consequence of postcolonial policies. The households in the study area show preference for a farming way of life. However, the development goal of modernity has since long led to an ‘othering’ of smallholders, labelling them backwards and resistant to change. In the early twenty-first century this ‘othering’ has been played out through a development programme aimed at changing attitudes and mindsets among the farmers in line with individualistic and entrepreneurial behaviour. The ‘othering’ discourses of contemporary and colonial policymakers display striking similarities in this case.

  • Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media.
    Themes, Focalization and the Flow of Information: The Case of Shingeki no Kyojin2017In: Comics Grid: Journal of Comics Scholarship, ISSN 1560-5892, E-ISSN 2048-0792, Vol. 7, 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the interaction between themes, narrative structure and focalization points employed in Shingeki no Kyojin ('attack on Titan', Isayama 2009-ongoing), a manga featuring the desperate battle of humankind against the mysterious Titans. Following a narratological approach, the article explores how the themes underpinning the narrative, especially the 'control' theme, act as information filters on both narrative structure and background knowledge of Shingeki no Kyojin. The resulting interplay of these themes with a focalization point are explored in detail, and connected to ongoing discussions on focalization in comics and other media.

  • Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media.
    David Bowie's Influence on JoJo's Bizarre Adventure2017In: Comics Grid: Journal of Comics Scholarship, ISSN 1560-5892, E-ISSN 2048-0792, Vol. 7, 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the influence of David Bowie's work in JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, a manga known for its wealth of references to western popular culture. It is argued that David Bowie's cultural reception can be attested via the presence of three narrative themes featuring in this manga series. The first theme is the exploration of diverse genres and an innovative, genre-defying attitude. The second theme is the use of avant-garde, flamboyant and gender-ambiguous aesthetics for its fictional characters. The third theme is a self-reflexive approach to the creation of fictional characters, intended as an awareness of the temporary, transient nature of their role as reluctant heroes in their own stories.