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  • Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media. Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Avery, Helen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media. Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hoxhallari, Itena
    Sociology Department, Tirana University, Social Sciences Faculty, Tirana, Albania.
    From policy to practice: Roma education in Albania and Sweden2017In: The Urban review, ISSN 0042-0972, E-ISSN 1573-1960Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to make a contribution to recentering practice- and practitioner-oriented issues in Roma education studies. Gaps can be observed today between conditions of educational work in practice and the ways education is understood in mainstream academic discussions, compounded by the fact that educational workers in the field have limited access to academic environments. Also, as a subject dealing with minorities, education for Roma and Roma communities tends to occupy a marginal position in academic departments of Education. Inversely, in Roma studies, focus often lies on culture or history, and education is mainly considered through the lens of identity. This means that many important experiences in Roma educational work remain silent, and significant aspects of practices are not sufficiently shared across contexts. In this paper, experiences from education projects in Albania and Sweden are presented and considered against the background of Roma education policies in these countries generally. An analysis is made of the ways these projects directly or indirectly connect to local academic structures. Finally, suggestions are made of potential strategies for developing practice- and practitioner-driven research in this area, to make relevant experiences more accessible across linguistic and national borders.

  • Vackmyr, Jesper
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Vackmyr, Jesper
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    And they lived happily ever after ...: Notions of masculine and feminine gender in movies produced by Walt Disney Animations Studios through the ages2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen är en genushistorisk undersökning av tre filmer från olika decennier. Syftet med uppsatsen är att utreda hur filmer från Walt Disney Animation Studios framställer manligt och kvinnlig genus, samt i vilken mån filmerna speglar den tid de producerades.

    Metoden är en textanalys av tre filmer. De filmer som analyseras, baserat på specifika urvalskriterier, är Snow White and the Seven Dwarfes (1937), The Rescuers (1977) och Aladdin (1992). Textanalysen uppmärksammar vilka egenskaper som ges till respektive karaktär. De uppmärksammade egenskaperna delas upp i två kategorier: inre och yttre attribut. Med inre attribut avses karaktärernas personlighet och dialog. Yttre attribut avser konkreta ageranden samt det som är möjligt att se med blotta ögat.

    Undersökningen finner att framställningen av manligt och kvinnligt genus har förändrats över tid. Det blir lättare för karaktärerna att tillskriva sig egenskaper som traditionellt sett tillhört det andra genusets.

    Analysen av filmerna visar att de i många avseenden är avspeglingar av den tid de producerades. Vidare är det tydligt att karaktärernas inre attribut är mer stabila över tid, medan karaktärernas yttre attribut varierar mer över tid. Detta uppfattas som att det i filmerna finns en orubblig kärna i de inre attributen. Denna kärna ges dock olika uttryck i de yttre attributen.

  • Jidah, Arbeleena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Jidah, Arbeleena
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Andersson, Emilia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Höghastighetsbanans påverkan på Jönköpings stadskärna2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johnsson, Victoria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Johnsson, Victoria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Shirts, Skirts and Financial Performance: A study of the business case for gender diversity in Swedish and Danish corporation boards2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem:      Companies need to maintain a competitive position in the market to financially perform, and in order to do so, the companies need to have a good corporate governance structure. In the latter years, the ethical discussion about gender diversity has gained a lot of attention in society, which influence norms, standards and legislations, and also the business. Today, Swedish and Danish firms are obligated to strive for gender diversity in their corporate boards according to the corporate governance codes in the respective countries. However, the financial aspects should be taken into concern, since a company needs to financially perform to keep its operations. It is not established whether an increased gender diversity is related to financial performance, since studies on the field are contradictive. Due to the different results, it is interesting to see what the relationship looks like in the Nordic countries, especially in Sweden and Denmark where quota-based legislation has not yet been established. This thesis investigates the issue to provide evidence for the companies in similar countries if an increased gender diversity is financially supportable.

     

    Purpose:      The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the gender diversity in the board of directors and its relationship with the financial performance of a corporation. Further, the study will investigate the financial performance dependency on the gender diversity in the board of directors.

     

    Method:       A sample of 104 Swedish and Danish companies was chosen as observation objects. To investigate the relationship between the gender diversity and the financial performance, a Pearson correlation analysis was made. To identify the financial performance dependency on the gender diversity regression analyses were performed. Hypotheses that were built on agency theory, resource dependency theory, upper echelons theory and previous research were tested in the statistical analyses.

     

    Results:        The statistical analyses show that there is no statistically significant relationship between gender diversity and financial performance, neither that the financial performance is dependent on the gender diversity. This evidence implies that increased gender diversity in board rooms should be motivated for other reasons than strictly financial success. Companies should consider these findings in the attaining process of directors and focus on other factors than financial progress in the proceeding involvement of women in the board. Thus, a company cannot increase its financial performance only by attaining more women to the board room. 

  • Zasciurinskiene, Egle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Department of Orthodontics, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Zasciurinskiene, Egle
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Department of Orthodontics, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Lindsten, Rune
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Department of Orthodontics, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Slotte, Christer
    Department of Periodontology, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Bjerklin, Krister
    Department of Orthodontics, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Orthodontic treatment in periodontitis-susceptible subjects: a systematic literature review2016In: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research, ISSN 2057-4347Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to evaluate the literature for clinical scientific data on possible effects of orthodontic treatment on periodontal status in periodontitis-susceptible subjects. A systematic literature review was performed on studies in English using PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library central databases (1965-2014). By manually searching reference lists of selected studies, we identified additional articles; then we searched these publications: Journal of Periodontology, Periodontology 2000, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Angle Orthodontist, International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry, and European Journal of Orthodontics. Search terms included randomized clinical trials, controlled clinical trials, prospective and retrospective clinical studies, case series >5 patients, periodontitis, orthodontics, alveolar bone loss, tooth migration, tooth movement, orthodontic extrusion, and orthodontic intrusion. Only studies on orthodontic treatment in periodontally compromised dentitions were included. One randomized controlled clinical trial, one controlled clinical trial, and 12 clinical studies were included. No evidence currently exists from controlled studies and randomized controlled clinical trials, which shows that orthodontic treatment improves or aggravates the status of periodontally compromised dentitions.

  • Tiedemann, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Tiedemann, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Strategic lead-times and their implications on financial performance2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall goal for manufacturing companies is to earn profit and increase shareholders’ value. To ensure that companies in fact are profitable, managers usually evaluate the company’s resources based on both financial and operational performance, to analyse if the resources are contributing with a financial return. One of the most critical resources and competitive advantages that manufacturing companies have is time. Time, however, is an intangible resource and challenging to measure financially. There are, therefore, few practical instruments available to support managers’ decisions when it comes to linking lead-time with financial performance, assisting managers to prioritize the lead-times that are of strategic value (i.e. strategic lead-times). The purpose of this research was, therefore, to analyse strategic lead-times within new product development, purchasing, and production, as well as the implications that strategic lead-times have on manufacturing companies’ financial performance. To fulfil this purpose, the following two research objectives were formulated: (1) to analyse strategic lead-times within new product development, purchasing, and production, and (2) to analyse the implications of strategic lead-times on manufacturing companies’ financial performance.

    The research presented in this thesis has been conducted within a research project (KOPtimera). To fulfil the research objectives and the research purpose, a combination of conceptual analytical research and case study research was used, utilizing a number of data collection techniques: literature reviews, interviews, focus groups, workshops, document studies, and observations.

    In general, it is concluded that strategic lead-times, as defined in the research, have high implications for manufacturing companies’ financial performance and that the length of the strategic lead-times will impact who owns the risk in the manufacturing system, who controls the system and where variants are possible to create. The research further presents the implications that strategic lead-times have on financial performance, as well as indicates that it is possible to evaluate lead-time performance through financial performance, using readily available and accepted financial performance measures. Based on the implications identified, also a framework (the FinaSt framework) was developed. This FinaSt framework takes into consideration that not only the extension, but also the existence of strategic lead-times has implications for manufacturing companies’ financial performance, and that these implications can be either direct or indirect.

    The results contribute to the literature focused on valuing lead-times and provide useful knowledge for managers, allowing them to gain a better understanding for strategic lead-times’ implications on manufacturing companies’ financial performance, thus allowing for better decision support when evaluating supply chain designs and prioritizing alternatives based on profitability (i.e. return on investment).

  • Engblom, Lars-Åke
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Engblom, Lars-Åke
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Idrottsnytt – Smålands första idrottstidning2016In: Småländska idrottsminnen, no 1, 9-14 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Lorentsson, Emelie
    Lorentsson, Emelie
    Att vara äldre: En diskursanalytisk studie av Aftonbladets bilder av äldre människor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Being older - A discourse analytical study of the portrayal of older people in a Swedish evening newspaper.

    Objective: The present study aims to provide answers to which images of elderly people that appear in the news media Aftonbladet, how they emerge, and how these images can affect elderly people's lives and the perception of old age.

    Theory and Method: The study is anchored in a social constructionist theory perspective and analysis have been inspired by discourse analytical concepts. The empirical sample was first restricted to relevant articles that used the term "äldre" during the year 2013. To limit the number of items a random, unbound selection was used.

    Analysis: The analysis has been shaped by an inductive approach. The analysis was designed without hypotheses and the empiricism has been influencing the choice of method. The analysis has been shaped by a reflexive approach to make the analysis as subjective as possible. The content of the empirical data has been related to previous research with the concepts of basic figure, contrasting picture, resource perspective and misery perspective.

    Conclusions: During the specified time period, Aftonbladet has primarily shaped the image of The problematic ageing process. This is done through clear links between elderly people and problematic attributes, by highlighting, and dramatic descriptions. A picture called The good ageing process also appears but it’s represented by far fewer articles and emerges through more vague descriptions. The analysis shows that Aftonbladet assigns elderly people a limited editorial space, there are few rich descriptions of elderly people life situations and elderly are largely associated with different forms of problematic contexts. The image of The problematic ageing process supports the basic figure that describes elderly people out of the misery perspective. As counterpart the image of The good ageing process is showing that there are people who enjoy the good aging, but they appear mostly as exceptions.

  • Engblom, Lars-Åke
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Engblom, Lars-Åke
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ett barn av tryckfriheten: Götheborgske Spionen2016In: Parnass, ISSN 1104-0548, no 1, 10-12 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Engblom, Lars-Åke
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Engblom, Lars-Åke
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Minnesord på Island: Användarskapat innehåll som intäktskälla2016In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, no 1, 97-100 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Alltmer av mediernas innehåll produceras av användarna och på Island har det blivit tidningen Morgunblaðiðs främsta tillgång i kampen om prenumeranterna. Cirka en fjärdedel av tidningens textinnehåll består idag av insänt materiel, främst nekrologer. Traditionen har funnits i flera decennier, men har på senare tid vuxit starkt i omfång. Islands mediemiljö har också andra särpräglade inslag. Gratistidningen Frettablaðið har nästan dubbelt så många läsare som den traditionella morgontidningen Morgunblaðið. Men Morgunblaðið är ensam om minnesartiklarna. Utan dem skulle hälften sluta prenumerera enligt en undersökning.

  • Karlsson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Karlsson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Literary pictures of Charles XII: Perception of the Swedish warrior king in the texts between the years 1731-19952017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att utröna hur Karl XII har använts inom litteraturen under 1700, 1800 samt 1900-talet. Frågeställningarna som ska besvaras är ställda utifrån Karl XII:s personlighet, politiska förmåga som statsman och slutligen Karl XII:s egenskaper som en militär ledare.

     

    Litteraturen som används för undersökningen speglar de verk som kom att bli mest uppmärksammade och uppskattade på det samhälleliga planet – då de kan antas haft den största inverkan på människorna i sin tid. Det förekommer litterära verk om sålts i miljontal, exempelvis Carl Grimbergs och Herman Lindqvists verk. Det verk som utgör starten för denna uppsats är skriven 1731 av François-Marie Arouet, Voltaire, som var en beundrare till den svenske kungen. Författaraktörerna byter av varandra och publicerar med en jämn ström under de följande århundradena. 

     

    Den tidigare forskning som ligger till grund för uppsatsen är författaren Eva Östbergs beskrivning av historiebruk – att historien är människans kollektiva förmåga att minnas och att glömma, vilket yttrar sig i historiebruk. Denna beskrivning av historiebruk utmynnar även till John Tosh´s beskrivning av ett socialt minne – vilket yttrar sig på liknande sätt. Författaren Klas-Göran Karlsson ger en förklaring till ett existentiellt historiebruk – vilket är ett resultat av att människor har ett medfött behov av att minnas. Till dessa begrepp kommer även Egeland och Johannissons teori för en koppling mellan kultur, plats och identitet att användas.

     

    Den teoretiska ansatsen är att befästa Karl XII som en historisk aktör och byggsten i den svenska historien med utgångspunkt att detta skiftar i olika kontexter. Undersökningen ska utröna vilken plats författarna ger Karl XII som en historisk byggsten. 

  • Dini, Hoda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Dini, Hoda
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Andersson, Nils-Eric
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Jarfors, Anders E.W.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Effect of Mg17Al12 Fraction on Mechanical Properties of Mg-9%Al-1%Zn Cast Alloy2016In: Metals, ISSN 2075-4701, Vol. 6, no 10, 251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current study it was observed that the offset yield point of Mg-9%Al-1%Zn alloy was strongly influenced by the connectivity of Mg17Al12. It was suggested that an increase in the fraction of Mg17Al12 from 8% to 11% could lead to the formation of a Mg17Al12 network which resulted in a higher offset yield point. In addition, it was observed that elongation to failure of the Mg-9%Al-1%Zn alloy strongly depended on the fraction of Mg17Al12. Moreover, the apparent toughness showed a strong inverse relation to the secondary dendrite arm spacing. This approach might be extended to forecast the behavior in other magnesium alloys forming a network of the Mg-Al phase.

  • Ågren, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköpings kommun.
    Ågren, Helena
    Jönköpings kommun.
    Alfredsson, Marie
    Jönköpings kommun.
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Westling, Hanna
    Jönköpings kommun.
    Rambeslut2016In: 10 förbättringar från DIALOGEN: En långsiktig strategi för att utveckla en innovativ, sammanhållen och hållbar socialtjänst / [ed] Stefan Österström, Jönköping: Jönköpings kommun, socialtjänsten , 2016, 41-59 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I samverkan mellan Jönköpings kommun och Institutet för gerontologi, Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, genomfördes en intervjustudie parallellt med införandet av rambeslut under hösten 2015. Att respektera individens rätt till självbestämmande och inflytande är grundläggande värden och förhåll-ningssätt i svensk äldreomsorg. Rambeslut i hemtjänsten är ett salutogent arbetssätt som syftar till att i högre utsträckning stärka individens möjlighet till självbestämmande och att utöva inflytande över insatsernas utformning avseende hur och när de ska utföras. Den här studien gav viktig kunskap kring äldre personers uppfattning av begrepp som inflytande och självbestämmande och vad hemtjänsten bör fokusera på för att de äldre ska ha ett reellt inflytande och självbestämmande. Resultaten används till att utveckla äldre personers möjlighet till inflytande och självbestämmande.

  • Boström, Martina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Boström, Martina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Ekberg, Kristina
    Enheten för projektledning och verksamhetsutveckling i Jönköpings Kommun.
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Ågren, Helena
    Jönköpings kommun.
    Stärka tryggheten i flytt till särskilt boende2016In: 10 förbättringar från DIALOGEN: En långsiktig strategi för att utveckla en innovativ, sammanhållen och hållbar socialtjänst / [ed] Stefan Österström, Jönköping: Jönköpings kommun, socialtjänsten , 2016, 133-150 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    De flesta kan kanske känna igen sig i en situation då flytt till särskilt boende blir aktuellt, oavsett om det gäller en nära anhörigs flytt eller sin egen. Våra skäl och orsaker till flytten kan variera men behovet av vård och omsorg är ofta detsamma. I en tid av livet då skörheten gör sig påmind och behovet av hjälp och stöd ökar, kan flytten bli ett känslosamt möte mellan det förflutna och en oviss framtid. Att arbeta för att få den äldre personen att känna trygghet under hela flyttprocessen och även under den första tiden på det särskilda boendet blir därför viktigt. Socialtjänsten och Hälsohögskolan har sedan 2013 genomfört ett samverkansprojekt i syfte att fördjupa kunskapen om äldres upplevelse av trygghet i flyttprocessen, för att på så vis förbättra och stärka den.

  • Nelson, Eugene C.
    et al.
    Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Lebanon, NH, United States.
    Nelson, Eugene C.
    Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Lebanon, NH, United States.
    Dixon-Woods, Mary
    Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
    Batalden, Paul B.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Lebanon, NH, United States.
    Homa, Karen
    Dartmouth-Hitchcock Health, Lebanon, NH, United States.
    Van Citters, Aricca D.
    Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Lebanon, NH, United States.
    Morgan, Tamara S.
    Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Lebanon, NH, United States.
    Eftimovska, Elena
    Medical Management Centre, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fisher, Elliott S.
    Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Lebanon, NH, United States.
    Ovretveit, John
    Medical Management Centre, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Harrison, Wade
    Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Lebanon, NH, United States.
    Lind, Cristin
    Quality Register Center Stockholm, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindblad, Staffan
    Medical Management Centre, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Patient focused registries can improve health, care, and science2016In: BMJ. British Medical Journal (International Ed.), ISSN 0959-8146, E-ISSN 0959-535X, Vol. 354, i3319Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Ogrinc, Greg
    et al.
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction VA Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont.
    Ogrinc, Greg
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction VA Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont.
    Davies, Louise
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction VA Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont.
    Goodman, Daisy
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction VA Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont.
    Batalden, Paul B.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire.
    Davidoff, Frank
    The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Hanover, New Hampshire.
    Stevens, David
    The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Hanover, New Hampshire.
    Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence 2.0: revised publication guidelines from a detailed consensus process2016In: Journal of Surgical Research, ISSN 0022-4804, E-ISSN 1095-8673, Vol. 200, no 2, 676-682 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the publication of Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE 1.0) guidelines in 2008, the science of the field has advanced considerably. In this article, we describe the development of SQUIRE 2.0 and its key components. We undertook the revision between 2012 and 2015 using (1) semistructured interviews and focus groups to evaluate SQUIRE 1.0 plus feedback from an international steering group, (2) two face-to-face consensus meetings to develop interim drafts, and (3) pilot testing with authors and a public comment period. SQUIRE 2.0 emphasizes the reporting of three key components of systematic efforts to improve the quality, value, and safety of health care: the use of formal and informal theory in planning, implementing, and evaluating improvement work; the context in which the work is done; and the study of the intervention(s). SQUIRE 2.0 is intended for reporting the range of methods used to improve health care, recognizing that they can be complex and multidimensional. It provides common ground to share these discoveries in the scholarly literature (www.squire-statement.org).

  • Ogrinc, Greg
    et al.
    Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, United States.
    Ogrinc, Greg
    Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, United States.
    Davies, Louise
    Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, United States.
    Goodman, Daisy
    Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, United States.
    Batalden, Paul B.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA.
    Davidoff, Frank
    Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Hanover, NH, United States.
    Stevens, David
    Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Hanover, NH, United States.
    SQUIRE 2.0 (Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence): Revised publication guidelines from a detailed consensus process2016In: BMJ Quality and Safety, ISSN 2044-5415, E-ISSN 2044-5423, Vol. 25, no 12, 986-992 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the publication of Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE 1.0) guidelines in 2008, the science of the field has advanced considerably. In this manuscript, we describe the development of SQUIRE 2.0 and its key components. We undertook the revision between 2012 and 2015 using (1) semistructured interviews and focus groups to evaluate SQUIRE 1.0 plus feedback from an international steering group, (2) two face-to-face consensus meetings to develop interim drafts and (3) pilot testing with authors and a public comment period. SQUIRE 2.0 emphasises the reporting of three key components of systematic efforts to improve the quality, value and safety of healthcare: the use of formal and informal theory in planning, implementing and evaluating improvement work; the context in which the work is done and the study of the intervention(s). SQUIRE 2.0 is intended for reporting the range of methods used to improve healthcare, recognising that they can be complex and multidimensional. It provides common ground to share these discoveries in the scholarly literature (http://www.squire-statement.org). © Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited.

  • Batalden, Maren
    et al.
    Department of Medicine, Cambridge Health Alliance, Cambridge, MA, United States.
    Batalden, Maren
    Department of Medicine, Cambridge Health Alliance, Cambridge, MA, United States.
    Batalden, Paul B.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH, United States.
    Margolis, Peter
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, United States.
    Seid, Michael
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, United States.
    Armstrong, Gail
    College of Nursing, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, United States.
    Opipari-Arrigan, Lisa
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, United States.
    Hartung, Hans
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine, University Hospital Crosshouse, Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire, United Kingdom.
    Coproduction of healthcare service2016In: BMJ Quality and Safety, ISSN 2044-5415, E-ISSN 2044-5423, Vol. 25, no 7, 509-517 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Efforts to ensure effective participation of patients in healthcare are called by many names - patient centredness, patient engagement, patient experience. Improvement initiatives in this domain often resemble the efforts of manufacturers to engage consumers in designing and marketing products. Services, however, are fundamentally different than products; unlike goods, services are always 'coproduced'. Failure to recognise this unique character of a service and its implications may limit our success in partnering with patients to improve health care. We trace a partial history of the coproduction concept, present a model of healthcare service coproduction and explore its application as a design principle in three healthcare service delivery innovations. We use the principle to examine the roles, relationships and aims of this interdependent work. We explore the principle's implications and challenges for health professional development, for service delivery system design and for understanding and measuring benefit in healthcare services.

  • Garcia-Ptacek, Sara
    et al.
    Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Center for Alzheimer Research, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Garcia-Ptacek, Sara
    Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Center for Alzheimer Research, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Cermakova, Pavla
    Division of Neurogeriatrics, Center for Alzheimer Research, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rizzuto, Debora
    Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Religa, Dorota
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eriksdotter, Maria
    Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Center for Alzheimer Research, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Causes of Death According to Death Certificates in Individuals with Dementia: A Cohort from the Swedish Dementia Registry.2016In: Journal of The American Geriatrics Society, ISSN 0002-8614, E-ISSN 1532-5415, Vol. 64, no 11, e137-e142 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The causes of death in dementia are not established, particularly in rarer dementias. The aim of this study is to calculate risk of death from specific causes for a broader spectrum of dementia diagnoses.

    DESIGN: Cohort study.

    SETTING: Swedish Dementia Registry (SveDem), 2007-2012.

    PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with incident dementia registered in SveDem (N = 28,609); median follow-up 741 days. Observed deaths were 5,368 (19%).

    MEASUREMENTS: Information on number of deaths and causes of mortality was obtained from death certificates. Odds ratios for the presence of dementia on death certificates were calculated. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using Cox hazards regression for cause-specific mortality, using Alzheimer's dementia (AD) as reference. Hazard ratios for death for each specific cause of death were compared with hazard ratios of death from all causes (P-values from t-tests).

    RESULTS: The most frequent underlying cause of death in this cohort was cardiovascular (37%), followed by dementia (30%). Dementia and cardiovascular causes appeared as main or contributory causes on 63% of certificates, followed by respiratory (26%). Dementia was mentioned less in vascular dementia (VaD; 57%). Compared to AD, cardiovascular mortality was higher in individuals with VaD than in those with AD (HR = 1.82, 95% CI = 1.64-2.02). Respiratory death was higher in individuals with Lewy body dementia (LBD, including Parkinson's disease dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies, HR = 2.16, 95% CI = 1.71-2.71), and the risk of respiratory death was higher than expected from the risk for all-cause mortality. Participants with frontotemporal dementia were more likely to die from external causes of death than those with AD (HR = 2.86, 95% CI = 1.53-5.32).

    CONCLUSION: Dementia is underreported on death certificates as main and contributory causes. Individuals with LBD had a higher risk of respiratory death than those with AD.

  • Hourmz, Walita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Hourmz, Walita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Kan du läsa högt för mig?: En stuide om högläsningsstunden i förskoleklass genom observationer och intervjuer.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine the social interaction between teachers and children during oral reading activity in a preschool class. The focus in this study is on how the teacher communicates with the children during oral reading to get them involved in the story. Furthermore, the aim is to investigate what teachers believe that reading aloud can mean for the children.

    A qualitative method with a socio-cultural perspective based on three methods have been used to study the limited phenomenon, reading aloud. Two different observations in three preschool classes and four interviews with teachers have been implemented. The number of participating children is 54. The interviews were audio recorded. The empirical data was analyzed by a frequency table, conversation analysis and content analysis. These three data collection methods, increases the study's credibility.

    The result: interaction between teachers and children occurs in all three preschool classes. Teachers explain difficult words and ask several questions during the oral reading moments. The result of the study shows that teachers explains the oral reading activity as a part of the children 's language development and not least for the multilingual children. The four teachers consider oral reading as a social activity, where learning takes place in interaction with others, children develop their vocabulary, letter knowledge and imagination through the activity.

  • Bielsa, Germán
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Bielsa, Germán
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Redesign of the interior of the JU solar car2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyzes the interior of the solar car, used by the JU Solar Team, to improve the user experience in terms of user interaction and ergonomics.

    Following the Design Thinking methodology, it starts with a research phase to understand how the user interacts with the car and the elements required for this interaction during the race. It also studies the dimension of the actual interior and the anthropometric factors, some changes are proposed for a more efficient use of the space.

    The next phase explores new buttons and configurations for the steering wheel. The use of prototypes and sketches leads the development of the ideas, which are further developed and defined, including the graphical design and the dimensions of the interior. In the findings, the redesign of the steering wheel and interior is shown in several renders with an explanation of the final design decisions, which can be summarized in:

    A new shape for the steering wheel where most of the buttons have been added with new shapes and colors. The emergency buttons and light indicators have been allocated on a central control panel. The user has access to the buttons without releasing the steering wheel and the dimension of the canapé has been reduced thanks to a more efficient use of the space.

    As a part of the thesis a full scale model of the steering wheels and a 1:10 scale model of the interior is provided.

    This thesis solves some of the problems in the actual design of the solar car and explore some of the important factors in user interaction. A human-centered design approach to a project usually driven by the performance of the car and not the user experience.

  • Karlsson, Kåre J.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Ambulance Service, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Kåre J.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Ambulance Service, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Niemelä, Patrik H.
    Ambulance Service, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Anders R.
    School of Health Sciences, Borås University, Borås, Sweden.
    Törnhage, Carl-Johan A.
    Department of Paediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Using shoulder straps decreases heart rate variability and salivary cortisol concentration in Swedish ambulance personnel2016In: SH@W Safety and Health at Work, ISSN 2093-7911, E-ISSN 2093-7997, Vol. 7, no 1, 32-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous research has shown that paramedics are exposed to risks in the form of injuries to the musculoskeletal system. In addition, there are studies showing that they are also at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and psychiatric diseases, which can partly be explained by their constant exposure to stress. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the use of shoulder straps decreases physical effort in the form of decreased heart rate and cortisol concentration.

    Methods: A stretcher with a dummy was carried by 20 participants for 400 m on two occasions, one with and one without the shoulder straps. Heart rate was monitored continuously and cortisol samples were taken at intervals of 0 minutes, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, 45 minutes, and 60 minutes. Each participant was her or his own control.

    Results: A significant decrease in heart rate and cortisol concentration was seen when shoulder straps were used. The median values for men (with shoulder straps) at 0 minutes was 78 bpm/21.1 nmol/L (heart rate/cortisol concentration), at 15 minutes was 85 bpm/16.9 nmol/L, and at 60 minutes was 76 bpm/15.7 nmol/L; for men without shoulder straps, these values were 78 bpm/21.9 nmol/L, 93 bpm/21.9 nmol/L, and 73 bpm/20.5 nmol/L. For women, the values were 85 bpm/23.3 nmol/L, 92 bpm/20.8 nmol/L, and 70 bpm/18.4 nmol/L and 84 bpm/32.4 nmol/L, 100 bpm/32.5 nmol/L, and 75 bpm/25.2 nmol/L, respectively.

    Conclusion: The use of shoulder straps decreases measurable physical stress and should therefore be implemented when heavy equipment or a stretcher needs to be carried. An easy way to ensure that staff use these or similar lifting AIDS is to provide them with personalized, well-adapted shoulder straps. Another better option would be to routinely sewn these straps into the staff's personal alarm jackets so they are always in place and ready to be used.

  • Nygårdh, Anette
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Nygårdh, Anette
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Interaktiv forskning2009In: Vägval och dilemman i interaktiv forskning: Kurspaper från Bridging the Gaps doktorandkurs Interaktiv forskning 2008 / [ed] Mattias Elg, Boel Andersson Gäre, Linköpings: Linköpings universitet , 2009, 19-28 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från inledningen: I detta paper är min avsikt att beskriva och diskutera den interaktiva forsk-ningen och hur kunskap kan skapas i denna ansats samt öka förståelsen för hur jag som forskare bör interagera med praktiken för att skapa ett gemen-sam lärande. Jag kommer att utgå från min metoddesign och kritiskt disku-tera huruvida den beskrivna ansatsen kan öka kunskapsbildningen och va-liditeten i min forskning.

  • Malm, Dan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Malm, Dan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Rolander, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Futurum Academy for Healthcare, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Ebefors, Eva-Marie
    Department of Internal Medicine, County Hospital Ryhov, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Conlon, Lisa
    Futurum Academy for Healthcare, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nygårdh, Annette
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Reducing the prevalence of catheter-related infections by quality improvement: Six-year follow-up study2016In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 6, no 2, 79-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Peripheral venous catheter (PVC) insertion is a crucial nursing action during life support. Several factors that increase the risk of thrombophlebitis associated with PVCs have been reported. Objective: We wish to evaluate the impact of a quality improvement regarding PVC treatment for patients with coronary heart diseases.

    Method: A longitudinal, quantitative observational study was carried out in 2008 and 2013 in a hospital in southern Sweden with 360 consecutive patients suffering from acute chest pain. New routines for PVC treatment were included in the hospital with daily inspection according to a checklist. A structured observation protocol was used to survey the prevalence of thrombophlebitis between 2008 and 2013. Also, we examined the relationship between the location and luminal diameters of PVCs.

    Results: The student’s t-test showed significant differences between 2008 and 2013 with respect to luminal diameter of PVCs (p = 0.002), prevalence of thrombophlebitis (p = 0.003) and number of days with PVC left in situ (p < 0.001).

    Conclusion: These findings emphasize the value of using systematic daily inspections and checklists to achieve quality and safety in patients with acute chest pain having PVC-based treatment.

  • Lång, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Lång, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Learning for life? The effects of schooling on earnings and health-related behavior over the life cycle2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze how education is associated with earnings and health-related behaviors (HRBs) over the adult life cycle using a sample of 18,000 twins. The underlying motive is to improve the understanding of to what extent schooling may contribute to increased human welfare over time and age through the intermediaries of earnings and HRBs. We find that one additional year of schooling is associated with around 5-6 percent higher earnings at ages 35-75 and generally improved HRBs for both men and women. Much of the estimated relationships between schooling, earnings and HRBs can be traced back to genetic inheritance. Controlling for such inheritance, the remaining education -earnings premium is non-linear and increasing with educational level, and the education premium in HRBs is mainly concentrated to smoking habits.

  • Lång, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Lång, Elisabeth
    Linköping University.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Does tallness pay off in the long run? Height and earnings over the life cycle2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using data on approximately 30,000 dizygotic and monozygotic twins born in Sweden 1918-58, we analyze how the height premium in earnings develops over the adult lifespan. Overall, the unconditional estimated premium increases with age for men and decreases for women. For men, within twin-pair fixed effects (WTP) estimates are on average about 40 percent lower than the corresponding unconditional OLS estimates. Including years of schooling as an explanatory variable induces a similar reduction (about 40 percent) of the estimated OLS height premium, but has no effect whatsoever on the WTP estimates, implying that the OLS and WTP estimates tend to coincide. Hence, it seems as if schooling mediates the association between height and earnings among unrelated male individuals but not among twins. For women, the estimations are less precise, but limiting the sample to those with earnings above a threshold level mirroring half time earnings at a very low wage level, the estimated OLS and WTP premiums are rather constant with age. This indicates that, for women, the unconditional premiums may well be influenced by height-related variation in labor market participation. Overall, the height premium patterns do not vary substantially between monozygotic and dizygotic twins, indicating that environmentally and genetically induced height differences affect earning levels similarly.

  • Jelenkovic, A.
    et al.
    Jelenkovic, A.
    Hur, Y. -M
    Sund, R.
    Yokoyama, Y.
    Siribaddana, S. H.
    Hotopf, M.
    Sumathipala, A.
    Rijsdijk, F.
    Tan, Q.
    Zhang, D.
    Pang, Z.
    Aaltonen, S.
    Heikkilä, K.
    Öncel, S.Y.
    Aliev, F.
    Rebato, E.
    Tarnoki, A. D.
    Tarnoki, D. L.
    Christensen, K.
    Skytthe, A.
    Kyvik, K. O.
    Silberg, J. L.
    Eaves, L. J.
    Maes, H. H.
    Cutler, T. L.
    Hopper, J. L.
    Ordoñana, J. R.
    Sánchez-Romera, J. F.
    Colodro-Conde, L.
    Cozen, W.
    Hwang, A. E.
    Mack, T. M.
    Sung, J.
    Song, Y. -M
    Yang, S.
    Lee, K.
    Franz, C. E.
    Kremen, W. S.
    Lyons, M. J.
    Busjahn, A.
    Nelson, T. L.
    Whitfield, K. E.
    Kandler, C.
    Jang, K. L.
    Gatz, M.
    Butler, D. A.
    Stazi, M. A.
    Fagnani, C.
    D’Ippolito, C.
    Duncan, G. E.
    Buchwald, D.
    Derom, C. A.
    Vlietinck, R. F.
    Loos, R. J.
    Martin, N. G.
    Medland, S. E.
    Montgomery, G. W.
    Jeong, H. -U
    Swan, G. E.
    Krasnow, R.
    Magnusson, P. K.
    Pedersen, N. L.
    Dahl-Aslan, Anna K.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    McAdams, T. A.
    Eley, T. C.
    Gregory, A. M.
    Tynelius, P.
    Baker, L. A.
    Tuvblad, C.
    Bayasgalan, G.
    Narandalai, D.
    Lichtenstein, P.
    Spector, T. D.
    Mangino, M.
    Lachance, G.
    Bartels, M.
    Van Beijsterveldt, T. C.
    Willemsen, G.
    Alexandra Burt, S.
    Klump, K. L.
    Harris, J. R.
    Brandt, I.
    Nilsen, T. S.
    Krueger, R. F.
    McGue, M.
    Pahlen, S.
    Corley, R. P.
    Hjelmborg, J. V. B.
    Goldberg, J. H.
    Iwatani, Y.
    Watanabe, M.
    Honda, C.
    Inui, F.
    Rasmussen, F.
    Huibregtse, B. M.
    Boomsma, D. I.
    Sørensen, T. I. A.
    Kaprio, J.
    Silventoinen, K.
    Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 19942016In: eLIFE, E-ISSN 2050-084X, Vol. 5, e20320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human height variation is determined by genetic and environmental factors, but it remains unclear whether their influences differ across birth-year cohorts. We conducted an individual-based pooled analysis of 40 twin cohorts including 143,390 complete twin pairs born 1886-1994. Although genetic variance showed a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts, heritability estimates (0.69-0.84 in men and 0.53-0.78 in women) did not present any clear pattern of secular changes. Comparing geographic-cultural regions (Europe, North America and Australia, and East Asia), total height variance was greatest in North America and Australia and lowest in East Asia, but no clear pattern in the heritability estimates across the birth-year cohorts emerged. Our findings do not support the hypothesis that heritability of height is lower in populations with low living standards than in affluent populations, nor that heritability of height will increase within a population as living standards improve.

  • Gamaleldin, Selma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Gamaleldin, Selma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Informationssökning och källkritik på Internet: En studie om lärares uppfattning av innehållet i läroplanen för årskurs 4-6, om informationssökning och källkritik på Internet samt lärares upplevelser av dessa i undervisningen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the subjects of Swedish and Civics there must be teaching in information retrieval and source criticism in various media in primary school. The purpose of this study is to provide information on how teachers in grades 4-6 perceive information retrieval and source criticism in the primary school curriculum and how teachers experience teaching this subject. According to the research reported in this study the source criticism is part of the information retrieval and that teachers believe that students in grades 4-6 should not be taught information retrieval and source criticism on the Internet, and also that there are several different ways for teachers to pursue their teaching. The study has a qualitative phenomenographic and phenomenological approach. The materials were collected through interviews and was analyzed by mapping the similarities and differences and by finding patterns in the teachers´ descriptions. The results show that teachers believe that the criticism of sources and information retrieval in the teaching can not be distinguished from eachother, that the teachers in grades 4-6 should teach students in information retrieval and source criticism on the Internet and that teachers use various ways to conduct their teaching.

  • Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Spatial spill-overs and households involvement in the non-farm sector: Evidence from rural Rwanda2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the effects of external economies of scale on households’ involvement in the non-farm sector. The focus of the paper is on the type of knowledge spill-overs that occur at the level of individuals; these relate to learning processes and non-market interactions. Nationally representative data on 8,100 households surveyed in 2006 and 2009 are used and unobserved heterogeneity and spatial dependencies are modelled by employing a multi-level model and instruments in the form of clustered cantered means. The findings show that in addition to other household characteristics related to education, asset endowments and credit availability, measures of agglomeration economies are positively associated with smallholders’ degree of involvement in non-farm activities. The results indicate that there exist significant scale efficiencies associated with local markets and that an important part of the capacity to diversify lies outside households, residing instead in their locations.

  • Public defence: 2017-02-03 13:00 Forum Humanum, Jönköping
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    The (re)construction of home: Unaccompanied children’s and youth’s transition out of care2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation focuses on how perceptions of ethnicity and culture become meaningful in relation to the transition from care into independent living, studied from unaccompanied youths’, professionals’, and a methodological perspective. The findings from interviews with unaccompanied youth with experience of leaving care showed that thoughts about their ethnic minority background are constantly present in the young men’s lives. Their stories about preparing to leave care show a continuous attempt to make adjustments in order to fit into the Swedish society (Study I). The results based on interviews with professionals and observations at two residential care units indicated that ‘home’ is sometimes used as a metaphor when describing the residential care units. The home metaphor affected the staff in ways that it sometimes became difficult to separate private and professional matters. The clash between the residential care unit and the desire to create a home environment highlights the issue that programs executed in Sweden for unaccompanied young people were originally not made for them (Study II). Study III emphasised how transnational relationships form the unaccompanied youths view of past, present, and future time. This study highlighted the importance of how the professionals need to understand the unaccompanied children and youth and their situation as flexible (Study III). Finally, methodological reflections about research concerning ethnicity indicated the importance of reflecting on one’s own perceptions, the role as a researcher, and the benefits and limitations these different roles may have in the research process (Study IV).

    The research was conducted using qualitative methods. The data collection methods entailed interviews with the youth (Study I), individual interviews, focus-groups, and observations with professionals (Study II and III), and discussions based on the data collected for study I-III (Study IV). Altogether, 11 youths (18-22 years) and about 20 professionals at the residential care units participated in the studies.

    Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the individual interviews and the focus-groups. All interviews were transcribed verbatim for analysis. The empirical data from observations consisted of notes taken during everyday situations, as well as from short conversations with the professionals. The notes were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The combined results of study I-III were used as empirical data for the analysis in study IV.

    This dissertation shows that (re)constructing a home is a central part of the care-leaving process for a migrant about to resettle in a new country. The greatest challenge the unaccompanied youth have to conquer during the transition from care to independent living is to fight against exclusion. The main purpose in (re)constructing a home appears to be the same for the youth and the professionals, namely, to reach a sense of safety and belonging. However, different conditions and points of departure may make it hard to agree on details such as what the meaning of belonging actually is, and if it is possible to develop a tailor-made solution. Researching issues of ethnicity comes with the responsibility to avoid reinforcing an ‘us’ versus ‘them’ and, in so doing, reinforce stereotypes.

  • Algurén, Beatrix
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Algurén, Beatrix
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Weitkunat, Rolf
    Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Un iversity of Munich, Munich, Germany.
    Perception and prevalence of behavioral risk factors: the lifestyle risk scale (LRS)2011In: Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, ISSN 2162-2477, E-ISSN 2162-2485, Vol. 1, no 3, 143-153 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To develop a lifestyle risk scale (LRS) of health-related behaviors based on risk assessments of study participants.

    Method: By means of pairwise comparisons of assessed risks associated with tobacco, alcohol, obesity, fast-food, physical inactivity, and lack of sleep, each at four levels, 24 behaviors were ranked on a unidimensional risk scale.

    Results: Overall, use of tobacco was assigned the highest risk score (3.7), consumption of fast-food and lack of sleep the lowest (1.7, 1.6). Minor risk factors (lack of sleep and fast-food) were, at their highest levels, assigned similar risk values as major risk factors (tobacco, alcohol, obesity) at their lowest levels. Lifestyles of female participants were less hazardous than those of male participants, as measured with the LRS. In contrast, perception of behavioral health risks was more precise in men.

    Conclusions: The LRS provides a practical quantification to identify and compare groups with different risk behavior patterns as well as clusters of risky health be- haviors in and across populations. It can also support the communication of behavioral health risks.

  • Hirsh, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Hirsh, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Nationella prov i grundskolan: En studie av hur lärare och rektorer uppfattar och hanterar prov och provresultat2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord:

    Den här studien är initierad och genomförd av författaren Åsa Hirsh, Högskolan i Jönköping. Resultaten i rapporten är en del av den enkät som författaren genomförde i 10 kommuner under våren 2014. Skolverkets gav författaren i uppdrag att analysera ett antal frågeområden kring nationella prov som inte ingick i Skolverkets uppföljning av de nationella proven.

    Syftet med författarens studie var att fördjupa kunskaperna om de nationella provens formativa användningar i grundskolan men även att undersöka provens funktion som stöd för likvärdig och summativ bedömning. Därtill belyser författaren lärares uppfattningar av hur elever påverkas av proven.

    Rapporten är, på uppdrag av Skolverket, skriven av Åsa Hirsh som också svarar för de perspektiv, tolkningar och värderingar som framförs.

  • Haraldsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Occupational Safety and Health Care, Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Haraldsson, Patrik
    Occupational Safety and Health Care, Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Jonker, D.
    Occupational Safety and Health Care, Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Structured multidisciplinary work evaluation tool: Development and validation of a multidisciplinary work questionnaire2016In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 55, no 4, 883-891 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Important success factors for the Occupational Health Service (OHS) include services being based on active participation and risk identification from a multidisciplinary/multifactorial perspective. Despite an extensive search, no questionnaire with this approach was found so a new questionnaire was developed at the OHS. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the new questionnaire named Structured Multidisciplinary work Evaluation Tool (SMET) through action research.

    METHOD: Communicative and pragmatic validity were tested through the development of the questionnaire using action theory and presented in a descriptive portrayal. The Content Validity Index (CVI) was used to test content validity for each item as well as for the questionnaire as a whole.

    RESULT: Communicative and pragmatic validity were developed and tested over time in four different periods between 2008 and 2014, in 24 clinics (with a total of approximately 1000 employees) in Region Jönköping County. The content validity of the SMET questionnaire as a whole was close to excellent and the validity of the questions regarding physically and psychosocially demanding work factors were found to be excellent. The questions regarding environmentally demanding work factors were found to have a lower, but still good, validity.

    CONCLUSION: The SMET questionnaire has very good content validity. The pervasive work with the SMET questionnaire also shows good pragmatic and communicative validity.

  • Yuan, Wenjing
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Yuan, Wenjing
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Improvement of Work Process in a Global Verification Team: A case study at VSM2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing demands from customers, companies face the challenges of shortening the new product development (NPD) period, reducing development cost and increasing development efficiency. High quality and efficiency of NPD can increase the chance for companies to be competitive on the market. Forming up cross-functional teams becomes a popular way of maximizing the knowledge then increase the development quality and efficiency. However, it is challenging to integrate the resources from different functions and even more challenging when the resources are from different countries. To overcome the integration challenges can increase the efficiency of NPD projects therefore finally win global market shares. This study’s purpose is to identify and analyze integration challenges experienced by a verification team involved in global NPD and to suggest how those challenges can be managed by answering two research questions: 1) What are the integration challenges with the current work process encountered by the global verification team? 2) How can the integration challenges be met in the improved work process? The case study is used as the research method in order to get deep insight of the challenges that a global verification team faces. VSM Group AB, an international leading sewing company is selected as the case company.  The case team, a global verification team locates both in Sweden and China, plays the role of verification work within NPD process. The case team verifies the design and new products in the process.  Through interviews, observation and literature reviews, the challenges in this global verification team are identified. It is found that the case team needs to overcome language barriers, culture difference, task planning and formalization and standardization on work performance during integration. Based on the investigations, a set of solutions are proposed in the end to meet the challenges. These solutions are an improved work process, work performance system, training program and uniformed documentation. These proposals are inspired by the integration mechanisms such as formalization and standardization, special reports etc and then fit them into the case team context. By simulation and evaluation the solutions within the global verification team, the feedback on the proposals helped for improvement. This case study at VSM is an empirical example of implementation of integration mechanisms into a real life context.

  • Hedman, Karl
    Lund university.
    Hedman, Karl
    Lund university.
    Managing Medical Emergency Calls2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is a conversation analytic examination of recurrent practices of interaction in medicalemergency calls. The study expands the analytical focus in past research on emergency calls betweenemergency call operators and callers to pre-hospital emergency care interaction on the phone betweennurses, physicians and callers. The investigation is based on ethnographic fieldwork in a Swedish emergencycontrol centre. The data used for the study consists primarily of audio recordings of medical emergency calls.Fundamental procedures in medical emergency calls examined in the dissertation are: (1) questioning; (2)emotion management; (3) risk management and (4) instruction giving. Emergency call-takers ask questions toelicit descriptions by callers of what is happening and to manage symptoms of patients to help keep them safeuntil ambulance crews arrive. In the questioning practice about acutely ill or injured patients call-takers usemainly yes-no questions and clarify problems by questioning callers making a distinction between defined andundefined problems. The analysis reveals four core types of emotion management practices: (1) call-takerskeep themselves calm when managing callers’ social displays of emotions; (2) promising ambulanceassistance; (3) providing problem solving presentations including emergency response measures to concernsof callers, and (4) emphasising the positive to create hope for callers. Call-takers use seven key procedures tomanage risk in medical emergency calls: (1) risk listening through active listening after actual and possiblerisks; (2) risk questioning; (3) risk identification; (4) risk monitoring; (5) risk assessment; (6) making decisionsabout elicited risk and (7) risk reduction. Instruction giving using directives and recommendations isaccomplished by call-takers in four main ways: (1) acute flow maintaining instruction giving when callers areprocedurally out of line; (2) measure oriented instructions for patient care and emergency responsemanagement; (3) organisational response instructions and (4) summarising instruction giving. Callers routinelyacknowledge risk identifications and follow instructions delivered by call-takers to examine statuses and lifesigns of patients such as breathing, movement and pulse, and perform basic first aid and emergency responsemeasures.The findings generated from this study will be useful in emergency call-taker training in carrying out interactiveprocedures in medical emergency calls and add to the larger research programmes on on-telephoneinteraction between professionals and citizen callers. This is an essential book for pre-hospital emergency careproviders and institutional interaction researchers and students.

  • Linderoth, Henrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Isaksson, Anders
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    What is the “Potential” of new ICT and how are Perceptions Shaped by Experience of Use and Practice?: The Case of Building Information Modelling2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of new open ended ICT (Information and communication Technology). is often accompanied by optimistic predictions about the technologies inherent capabilities, or “potential”, to solve a wide array organizational related problems. In the building and construction industry, BIM – Building Information Modelling – is such an example. However, unrealistic expectations about a technology is also a determinant for failed implementations, but at the same time ICT-induced transformation of organizations and industries is a well-known phenomenon. This research in progress paper has two interlinked explorative aims. First, how can the “potential” of a technology be captured? Second, how does experience of practice and experience of technology use shape the perceived potential of a technology. The data is collected via a survey to practitioners, with and without BIM-experiences, in medium sized contractor companies, and last year’s bachelor students in civil engineering. The total number of respondents was 205.In order to achieve the first aim, it is needed to inquire how users and prospective users’ perception of a technology’s “potential” can be captured? It can be claimed that constructs used when adoption of open ended ICT is studied, implicitly or explicitly, emphasize a status quo, then a transformation of organizational processes and structures. The results show that one alternative for measuring perceived “potential” is to measure respondents’ perceptions about how useful different applications are in practice. However, this scale needs to be developed in order to become more applicable different industries. Based on the measurement of perceived “potential” the results indicate that experience of practice had a negative impact on the perceived “potential”, whereas experience of technology had a positive impact compared to respondents with experience of practice but no experience of technology. It is concluded that further research is needed on which factors these shape the perceived potential when experienced technology user also gain an increased experience of practice.

  • Anastasios Tekeoglou, Joakim Prevander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Anastasios Tekeoglou, Joakim Prevander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Nödsituationer i en hyresgästs lägenhet: vilka är en hyresvärds rättigheter och skyldigheter?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to clarify the landlord’s rights and obligations towards the tenant

    when a case of emergency occurs in the tenant’s apartment. What can a landlord do to get

    access to the tenant’s apartment when a case of emergency occurs? Will the landlord be liable if he damages any property of the tenant during the time in the apartment? These are some of the questions that we will answer.

    The problem is guided by two main principles: the landlord’s right of possession of the

    apartment and also the tenant’s right of use of the same property. The conflict between

    these two principles and between the interests of the landlord and the tenant is the foundation

    of this problem.

    Case of emergencies in an apartment are not regulated in Swedish law. Therefore, we have

    chosen to do comparisons to other forms of similar situations, which already are regulated

    in the law. These comparisons are made to see if similar rules can be applicated to cases of

    emergencies in the tenant’s apartment. In addition to this, we have also used case law,

    which treats similar situations, to see if the principles from these cases also can be applicated

    in case of emergencies in the tenant’s apartment.

  • Manjgafić, Asmir
    Jönköping University.
    Manjgafić, Asmir
    Jönköping University.
    Integrated Reporting on Human Capital perspectives2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Abrahamsson, Louise
    et al.
    Abrahamsson, Louise
    Dufva, Malin
    Management of the Potential Challenges in the Consolidation Phase: A Case Study of a Scandinavian Company2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to explore how to manage the potential challenges organizations may face in the consolidation phase, and in order to achieve this, potential challenges need to be identified.

    Methodology: The research has been performed through an abductive case study method to the subject of change management. The empirical data was gathered from semistructured interviews conducted at an international company, Company X, primarily from the electronic commerce department. The authors used a thematic analysis inspired by Boyatzis (1998) when analyzing the data.

    Research Limitation: Due to the limited amount of time, the research is limited to only embrace the consolidation phase of an organizational change process. The case study includes 10 interviews from one organization, which will limit the research. The authors apply anonymity due to the company's desire; however, it is also done in order to protect the respondents from any possible harm that might derive from this study (Waldorf,2006).

    Theoretical Perspective: Literature covering different but highly related areas of change management, and its relation to the consolidation phase constitutes the theoretical foundation of the thesis.

    Results: The authors identified four potential challenges when consolidating change; communication, prioritize consolidation, policies and employee involvement.

    Conclusion: In order for organizations to successfully manage the four identified challenges they have to increase the flow of communication, prioritize the consolidation phase, and thereby also allocate resources, which enables the employees to consolidate changes, set up clear policies for the consolidation phase and involve the employees within all levels, in order to increase the employee motivation.

  • Duman, Nahrin
    Duman, Nahrin
    EU kommissionens initiativ om styrelsesammansättningar i aktiemarknadsbolag: Ur ett svenskt perspektiv2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Emtairah, Tareq
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Emtairah, Tareq
    Lund university.
    Avery, Helen
    Lund university.
    Mourad, Khaldoon
    Lund university.
    Visioning Labs with displaced academics as a design strategy for sustainable post-conflict reconstruction2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Post Conflict Futures is an ongoing project, where displaced Syrian academics meet in Visioning Labs and a global scenario group to jointly reflect on possible future developments  and to look for actionable leverage points to work proactively for sustainable transitions. The collective visioning  aims to identify aspects that may be critical in strategies for sustainable post conflict reconstruction, notably in the socio-technical implications of different infrastructure options.

    A crisis such as that in Syria creates shocks to infrastructure and people. These shocks generate emergencies and responses. But the collapse of existing structures can also open opportunities for a paradigm shift. In several cases, infrastructure shocks have opened opportunities that enable higher order learning with the potential to catalyse a transition towards sustainable and resilient structures (Broto et al., 2014) . This has implications to the design of processes and practices to rebuild communities.

     

    The project will serve as a platform for catalyzing strategic knowledge using the impetus from infrastructure shocks which result from the ongoing conflicts in the region. In the Post Conflict Futures Visioning Labs, holistic and integrating understanding of complex and uncertain issues is supported by approaching the issues ’diagonally’ across institutional and technological scales, by using geographical localisation as conceptual scaffolding anchored in the material, and by focusing on the structuring and distributive implications of infrastructure options  over time.

     

    Background

     

    Conflicts rip apart the social fabric, and undermine relations of trust and solidarity that are needed to mobilize populations and support collaboration across communities. Problems in the coordination of reconstruction efforts involving multiple types of actors at different levels can lead to blind spots, bottlenecks and a loss of long-term vision. In the wake of open hostiliites, frozen conflicts may emerge, involving locked situations with absence of responsible government, or factions deliberately attempting to aggravate the situation and damage other parties.

     

    When the conflict ends, massive reconstruction efforts and investments will be needed. Large-scale capital intensive projects involve strong actors who tend to set the agenda and shape overall structures. While certain technical choices have the potential to support reconciliation and empowerment of the most vulnerable, other infrastructure elements can function as mediums of isolation/domination. Infrastructure choices have consequences for livelihoods, relationships between communities, or access to and  distribution of resources. They also create relationships of long term dependency and interdependency within and beyond national borders. Importantly, characteristics in initial structures will have implications for subsequent developments.

     

    While post-conflict settings thus give rise to serious challenges, the overt failure of existing arrangements also opens opportunities for change and learning. Transitions (Geels & Schot, 2010) depend on simultaneous significant change. They involve changing ’culturally accepted beliefs and associated regulations’ (Broto et al. 2014)  Such shifts might come about when there is a ’general attitude towards paradigm questioning’ (ibid.) Broto et al. further argue that: ”reimagining infrastructure may require anticipatory learning for innovation, of the type that reflects multiple values in society and acknowledges the uncertainties inherent to understanding a complex world”.

    Scenario and visioning work creates flexible frames of relevance and prioritization anchored in human cultural significance, which is vital for both engagement and communicability. The communicability of such narratives is a key factor for shaping collaborative multi-stakeholder alliances across disciplines, sectors or localities. Transitions depend on mobilizing concerted collective action.  There therefore is a need for shared visions that are convincing, understandable  and anchored in cultural and material realities, both for self-organizing and in order to mobilize and synchronize efforts. 

    Scenarios and visioning further allow to reflect strategically in settings of extreme uncertainty characterised by rapid and unpredictable changes. They offer advantages by not being limited to a particular course of events, and by not presupposing agreement or consensus. Offering a framework for collective conversations and continued reflection, scenarios thus have eminently dynamic and heuristic qualities. They are particularly valuable in the face of extreme uncertainties (Schwartz, 1991). Rather than focusing on ’problems’ or ’solutions’, emphasis lies on exploring different possibilities and their implications. This helps envisage action in the face of uncertain futures, but also supports openness in imagining and discussing various options.

    Narratives can function as bridging artefacts beyond the group where they were initially shaped, to the extent that they give sufficient contextual detail for abstract patterns of thought to be related to lived experiences, while not depending on disciplinary jargon or existing institutional framing.  Further significant characteristics are that they support action by including designation of responsible social agents, clarifying developments over time, and providing suggestions concerning possible causal links and consequences.  Scenarios can thereby offer scaffolding to become a starting point for further discussions, and provide a conceptual structured space for reflection, suggesting how different details fit in, are interconnected, and may evolve over time.

    In contexts of conflicts and sharply diverging interests, taking a purely technological approach to the challenges is not enough (Aggestam, 2015). The aim here is therefore not to evacuate the political, but to revisit the issues from another angle. Back-casting uses discontinuity creatively, making it possible to step beyond the conceptual constraints of a status quo, but to subsequently re-anchor the strategy in concrete specifics of the present to make it actionable.

    Finally, holistic reflection is supported by the compression that results from fitting highly complex issues into an ongoing conversation in a small group of people, with diverse backgrounds. The format makes it possible to draw on tacit and cultural knowledge, as well as the differing professional experiences of participants.

    Aggestam, K. (2015). Desecuritisation of water and the technocratic turn in peacebuilding. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law & Economics 15(3), 327-340.

    Broto et al. (2014). What can we learn about transitions for sustainability from infrastructure shocks? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 84, 186-196.

    Geels, F. &  J. Schot (2010). The dynamics of socio-technical transitions: a socio-technical perspective. In Transitions to Sustainable Development: New Directions in the Study of Long Term Transformative Change. London: Routledge.

    Schwartz, P. (1991). The Art of the Long View. New York: Doubleday.

  • Hedman, Karl
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Global Studies, School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University.
    Hedman, Karl
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Global Studies, School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University.
    Managing Emotions in Swedish Medical Emergency Calls2016In: IMPACT Journal, Vol. 2, 1-12 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a conversation analytic and ethnographic examination of recurrent emotion management practices of interaction in Swedish medical emergency calls. The study expands the analytical focus in past research on emergency calls between emergency call operators and callers to pre-hospital emergency care interaction on the phone between nurses, physicians and callers. The investigation is based on ethnographic fieldwork in an emergency control centre in a Swedish metropolitan area. The data used for the study consists of audio recordings of medical emergency calls and ethnographic fieldnotes, observations and interviews in the emergency control centre. The analysis reveals four fundamental types of emotion management practices that emergency call-takers use to help people in crisis: (1) call-takers keep themselves calm when managing callers’ social displays of emotions; (2) promising ambulance assistance or other types of assistance; (3) providing problem solving presentations including emergency response measures to concerns of callers, and (4) emphasising the positive to create and maintain hope for callers. The findings generated from this study will be useful in emergency call-taker training in carrying out emotion management procedures in medical emergency calls and add to the larger research programmes on on-telephone interaction between healthcare professionals and citizen callers.