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  • Vannestål, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Brobäck, Caroline
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva med multipel skleros - En utmanande vardag: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) has a major impact on the person's daily life. MS affects family life and activities as the ability to work as well. The purpose was to describe people's experience of living with MS. A qualitative literature review was performed and the analysis of the material resulted in two categories and four subcategories. Fear of the future that describes the uncertainty and the fear that the disease causes, and the category The disease controls my life describing how the disease takes over and change their lives and their life situation. These findings indicate that it is a challenge to live with MS and that healthcare professionals who meet these people need an understanding of the physical and mental health problems persons with MS are living with.

  • Bjerkhoel, Fredrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Hjortås, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Erfarenheter av dialysbehandling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Fransson, Josefine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Gerguri, Ardina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med urininkontinens2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Urinary incontinence causes involuntary urinary leakage and is a public health problem in Sweden. It is a condition that primarily affects women and the elderly. Aim: To describe women's experience of living with urinary inconti- nence. Method: Literature review, where qualitative articles were analyzed accor- ding to Friberg's five-step model and compiled into a result. Data searches were con- ducted in Medline and CINAHL, where eleven articles were selected. Result: Consi- sts of three main themes; powerlessness, exclusion and acceptance that emerged from the following subthemes: lost control, a limited life, a sense of shame, negative meetings in health care, adaptation and a part of life. Women experience urinary incontinence as a limitation in everyday life. Women accept their life situation and do not talk openly about urinary incontinence because it is felt as shameful and ta- boo-coated. Women also find it easier to talk about their urinary incontinence if the healthcare brings up and talks about urinary incontinence. Conclusion: There is a need for increased knowledge and understanding in society and in the care of women with urinary incontinence. Since women do not speak openly about their urinary in- continence, it is important to conduct further research on the interaction between healthcare and women with urinary incontinence. 

  • Åkerblad, Ellen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Mustafa, Avin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    När livet tar ny riktning: föräldrars upplevelse när barn fått cancer2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Mohammad Fayaz, Ellaha
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Hussein Ahmed, Samio
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Jag är mer än vad jag kan uttrycka mig om.: En litteraturöversikt om kommunikationsbrister inom vården hos vårdtagare med utomnordiskt ursprung.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Popovic, Djordje
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Off-site manufacturing systems development in timber house building: Towards mass customization-oriented manufacturing2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for housing in Sweden has been showing a constant increase over the past couple of years. However, this situation might change in 2018 since there are indications that the increase in demand will reach its peak. On the other hand, the use of timber as a load bearing structure has become more popular in the multi-family house building sector. It is competing with concrete and steel frames, and its market share might even reach 50% by the year of 2025. Adding the involvement of customers in house design decisions and a high level of customization, the conclusion is that timber house building must continue the development towards mass customization. There is a lack of knowledge on how mass customization is developed and implemented regarding off-site manufacturing systems. In this thesis, a contribution is made to manufacturing system development in timber house building by proposing a novel approach to aligning off-site manufacturing systems to the requirements of production strategy, market needs, product design, and manufacturing processes. The proposed conceptual framework is a synthesis of the knowledge gained from three empirical studies and different methods found in theories of changeable manufacturing systems, mass customization, and manufacturing system development. The research purpose addressed by the presented work, is to increase the knowledge on how the development potential of off-site manufacturing systems can be identified in mass customization-oriented timber house building. Case study research was applied to gather the empirical data. The data collection and analysis methods used in the empirical studies can be useful when discussing the potential improvements. However, these data are not comprehensive enough in terms of presenting a holistic view of off-site manufacturing and consideration of the market as well as variation in product and processes. Therefore, a comprehensive set of requirements is proposed in the conceptual framework together with a step by step description of how the development potential of off-site manufacturing systems can be identified.

  • Jonsson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ellinor, Andersson
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hantering och lokalisering av produktionsprocesser inom sektorn för vård och omsorg2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte – Syftet har varit att undersöka hur decentralisering av produktionsprocesser inom sektorn för vård och omsorg uppfyller prestationsmålen kvalitet, tid och kostnad i jämförelse med centraliserade eller outsourcade produktionsprocesser. För att uppfylla syftet besvaras följande frågeställningar:

    [1] Hur påverkar decentralisering respektive centralisering och outsourcing av produktionsprocesser prestationsmålet kvalitet?

    [2] Hur påverkar decentralisering respektive centralisering och outsourcing av produktionsprocesser prestationsmålet tid?

    [3] Hur påverkar decentralisering respektive centralisering och outsourcing av produktionsprocesser prestationsmålet kostnad?

    Metod – En fallstudie genomfördes och intervjuer, observationer och dokumentstudier användes för att inhämta empiri. Empirin har sedan analyserats mot studiens teoretiska ramverk vilket genererade studiens resultat.

    Resultat – Uppfyllandet av prestationsmålet kvalitet är som högst vid centralisering och outsourcing. Decentralisering ansågs ha en låg uppfyllnad. Ur tidssynpunkt är centralisering och outsourcing det mest fördelaktiga alternativet eftersom vårdpersonalen inte behöver hantera processen på egen hand. För decentralisering bedömdes tidsåtgången som hög vilket vidare påverkade prestationsmålet kostnad. Fyllnadsgraden i processen är ytterligare en faktor som påverkar kostnaden vilket innebar att centralisering är mer gynnsamt än decentralisering. Outsourcing kan vara ett fördelaktigt val ur kostnadssynpunkt eftersom fler kostnader tagits hänsyn till än vid de andra två alternativen.

    Metoddiskussion – Studien omfattade tre analysenheter vilket inte motsvarar hela verksamhetens behov. Vid större volymer och fler processer hade eventuellt ett annat resultat genererats som påverkar prestationsmål och lokaliseringsbeslut. Metodtriangulering var positivt för studien och möjliggjorde erhållande av kvalitativa och kvantitativa data samt flera infallsvinklar på problemet. Studiens resultat har styrkts av att analys av data skett enskilt och gemensamt för de olika metoderna.

    Begränsningar – Studien har utgått från ett svenskt perspektiv, de bestämmelser som vården omfattas av samt med utgångspunkt i en verksamhet och enskild kommun vilket innebär att skillnader i upplägg och utformning kan variera mellan olika men likartade verksamheter.

  • Melin, Katarina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    ¡Hasta Siempre Comandante!: En undersökning om historiebruket av Che Guevara i populärkulturen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ernesto Che Guevara förknippas med mystik, frihet och politik. Ernesto Che Guevara (i fortsättningen kallad endast Guevara) är idag för många ett prydligt ansikte som associeras med rock’n’roll och frispråkighet. Historiskt är han en kommunistisk gerillaledare som inte lät något eller någon komma i hans väg. Den populärkulturella bilden av honom ser något annorlunda ut från den historiska. Hur har människor använt sig utav historia och till vilket syfte? Studien undersöker vilka bilder av Guevara som framställs i olika populärkulturella arenor och till vilket syfte.

     

    Studiens titeln, ¡Hasta Siempre Comandante!, är titel till en låt skriven av den kubanska kompositören Carlos Puebla. Låttexten är en av de mest kända som handlar om Guevara och har kommit att ha stor betydelse för hans anhängare. Låten diskuteras vidare under studiens resultatdel. 

  • Svärd, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Johansson, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Trycksårsförebyggande omvårdnadsåtgärder för svårt sjuka personer inom slutenvården: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sansone, Cinzia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Critical operations capabilities in a high cost environment2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many manufacturing firms, driven by the goal of beating the competition, have relocated their manufacturing operations from a high to a low cost environment, creating issues for the western social welfare. In order to maintain manufacturing in high cost environments, firms located in such environments must improve their competitiveness.

    Research has shown that firms need to be able to identify, develop and improve the operations capabilities that have the highest impact on the competitiveness. However, there is presently no coherent and contemporary framework of operations capabilities in the literature. There is also a lack of knowledge about operations capabilities in a high-cost environment. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate critical operations capabilities in a high-cost environment.

    This purpose has been addressed through two studies. The first investigated critical operations capabilities in a general environment, and was conducted through a systematic literature review (Paper I). The second study investigated critical operations capabilities in a high cost environment and was conducted through a focus group (Paper II) and a multiple case study (Paper III).

    The result of this research is a framework of operations capabilities in a high cost environment. The framework includes seven dimensions and 23 operations capabilities. Specifically, the dimensions are: cost, quality, delivery, flexibility, service, innovation and environment. The findings revealed that quality is considered as the most critical dimension in a high cost environment, while environment is considered as the least critical in a high cost environment. The findings also revealed two additional operations capabilities in the empirical data, which are 'flow efficiency' and 'employee flexibility'.

    This research contributes to the current body of knowledge by introducing a novel perspective and original thinking about operations capabilities in a high cost environment. The framework of operations capabilities could support both practitioners and researchers in the identification and development of critical operations capabilities for winning strategies in a high cost environment.

  • Airaksinen, Henri
    et al.
    Malmros, Göran
    Effekter av sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder då patienter har kvarliggande urinkateter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Reyes Andersson, Isabel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Söderbom, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Dödsångest2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the palliative care, patients with life-threatening diseases that is no longer curable are treated. Palliative care is characterized by two stages, the early and the late where the late stage means that patients are symptomatically relieved to try to create a good end of their life. Death anxiety can appear when fears is combined with thoughts of death. Death anxiety is multi-dimensional, there may be several underlying causes that leads to it.

    Aim: To describe the experience of death anxiety in palliative care through a literature review with a qualitative approach.

    Method: The literature review is a conclusion of 14 articles with qualitative design that were inductively analyzed using Friberg's five-step model.

    Results: It was difficult to handle the situation when patients did not know how the death process would turn out. To lose their autonomy and self-determination contributed to death anxiety. Pain was associated with death causing the patient's pain. Thoughts of death was difficult to avoid, death was imminent and threatening. Many relied on the health care professionals to relieve their suffering.

    Conclusion: When patients are facing their own impending death, existential pain can emerge. Death anxiety is common among palliative care patients. The most important role that the nurses have in the meeting with patients are communication, encouragement and empathy.

  • Nygårdh, Emmy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lundberg, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Effekten av e-hälsa för äldre personer: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Swedish population is getting older and the need for care is increasing, which can lead to increased risk of health care injuries, unnecessary waiting times and other things that lead to increased costs. Earlier research has shown that e-health can be used to reduce this risk.

    Aim: The aim was to study the effect of e-health on elderly people.

    Method: A literature review with the term adherence as a theoretical starting point was conducted. 16 articles with quantitative design have been analyzed.

    Result: The result showed improved health and cognitive ability, increased participation and quality of care as well as reduced number of hospital stays and deaths.

    Conclusion: This result may be due to increased accessibility and cost-effectiveness and that the experience of e-health was positive. Therefore, information about e-health should be spread, and it should be used and adapted for elderly people in all parts and levels of care; during all health care educations, at hospitals and health centres, within municipalities and regions and both nationally and internationally.

  • Hägghult, Felicia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sterner, Carolina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Erfarenheter av egenvård vid diabetes typ 1: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes type 1 is a disease that constantly increases all over the world. In order to live a good life despite the disease, self-care is a fundamental factor.

    Aim: To describe peoples experiences of self-care while living with diabetes type 1.

    Method: A literature overview was made based on ten qualitative articles that were analyzed using Friberg’s five-step model. 

    Result: Self-care in diabetes type 1 is a challenge in the everyday life because of the constant control and the set routines needed to manage the disease. Feeling outside and people's lack of knowledge affect the self-care negatively. To be able to have a good self-care, social support from friends, family and health care workers is an important factor.

    Conclusion: In order for people with diabetes type 1 to adequately maintain their daily self-care and to keep the illness at bay, it is important that they have routines, social support and understanding from the people that they interact with regularly. Inadequate self-care is often caused by a lack of acceptance for the illness, insufficient routines and the desire to feel normal. Healthcare providers have a great responsibility to inform and support people for good self-care.

  • Sennerstam, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Strandberg, Christian
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Fysisk aktivitet som en omvårdnadsåtgärd vid depression2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Depression is a growing mental illness that causes problems in people suffering from it, which causes more people to seek care for help. The purpose of this study is to describe the experience of physical activity as a nursing intervention in patients with depression. This subject is relevant in today's society and not well-researched, which means that there is insufficient knowledge in the field, therefore further research in the field would be desirable. The literature review examines ten articles with qualitative design where the total number of participants is 227 people with the age 14 to 69 years. Both men and women are included in the study. Based on Friberg's five-step model, the results of the articles were analyzed. The results of the articles show that physical activity is perceived as a positive nursing intervention in people suffering from depression. In some cases, negative experiences were expressed. Healthcare professionals need knowledge of the positive experiences that physical activity has on depressed patients to use it as a nursing intervention. More knowledge about the positive effects of physical activity as a nursing intervention may reduce the use of antidepressant drugs and the side effects that may accompany them. This can mean an economic gain for both patient and healthcare.

  • Johansson, Terese
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Land, Fanny
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Wadsten, Lisa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Upplevelser av att leva med multipel skleros utifrån ett närståendeperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Multipel skleros (MS) är en kronisk neurologisk sjukdom som kan ge omfattande funktionsnedsättningar. När en individ drabbas av MS kan närstående påverkas. Sjuksköterskans kompetensbeskrivning beskriver att en god vård innefattar ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt som inkluderar de närstående. Därav anses det relevant att ta reda på närståendes upplevelser av att leva med en anhörig med MS. Syfte: Att beskriva upplevelser av att leva med en anhörig med multipel skleros utifrån ett närståendeperspektiv. Metod: En litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats, där tretton vetenskapliga artiklar som var baserade på kvalitativ metod analyserades. Resultat: Resultatet visade att närstående upplevde förändringar gällande relationen, familjerollen samt ändrade behov efter att en anhörig drabbats av MS. Svårigheter i att finna sin identitet kopplades till att rollen som vårdare upplevdes svår. Information och stöd visade sig ha en central roll för ett fungerande liv. Slutsats: Det är viktigt att hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal uppmärksammar upplevelsen hos närstående för att underlätta situationen hos den drabbade familjen. Då vården saknar resurser och samhället är beroende av att närstående vårdar sina anhöriga är det viktigt att de känner sig trygga i sina roller. Detta kan stärkas genom kunskap, stöd och informationsöverföring.

  • Stragnefeldt, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Virtamo, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Livets slutskede: En litteraturöversikt om patienters upplevelse av palliativ vård.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care consists of the care of the whole person when a disease is no longer curable. The care is given with the patients’ needs and wishes in focus. The need of palliative care will continue to grow in relation to the increased life span of the population. Through deeper knowledge about patients’ experiences, a greater understanding for this patient group is created. Aim: To describe patient’s experiences with palliative care. Method: A literature-review based on 10 qualitative research articles. Results: The result is presented in three main categories: Lost self-image, Social interaction and The transition to the end-of-life. Results show that the experience of palliative care is individual. For many patients, it took a lot of time and effort to accept bodily and social changes. Conclusion: The result show that many patients experience lost control over their lives and fear that they are a burden to others. To allow and accept help from others took time and effort. Healthcare professionals were often seen as a part of the family, and to have a relationship based on trust and care gave patients' a positive experience of palliative care. 

  • Hallberg, Josefin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Kiveric, Emina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Livet som anhörig till en person med demenssjukdom: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nellegård, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Brynielsson, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Betydelsen av personcentrerad omvårdnad vid demenssjukdom2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of people who are diagnosed with dementia is increasing. Person-centered care contributes to decreased suffering and increased well-being among individuals suffering from dementia. Today´s caregivers face a new culture where knowledge of person-centered care and dementia is of immense importance when providing good and secure care. It is thus relevant to ascertain what kind of experiences caregivers have of person-centered care. 

    Aim: To describe the caregiver's experiences of person-centered care when dealing with dementia. 

    Method: A literature review, with inductive approach, where ten articles based on qualitative method were included.

    Result: Findings revealed that caregivers experienced that person-centered care is an important underlying factor when providing safe care to people with dementia. The findings were compiled into two categories, benefits with person-centered care when dealing with dementia and lack of knowledge within the same field. Each category is further described with the help of associated subcategories.

    Conclusion: Caregivers experience a general lack of knowledge of person-centered care when caring for individuals with dementia. More education is required in order to establish a safe and secure care for people with this condition. Person-centered care is a key aspect when providing safe care and also contributes to good relationship between caregivers, patients, and their next of kin.

  • Hjelmstam, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lindberg, Victoria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Evenholm, Therese
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    När hjärtat sviktar - patienters erfarenheter av egenvård: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: De som lever med hjärtsvikt är en stor patientgrupp i Sverige. Tidigare forskning påvisar att egenvård är viktigt vid en kronisk sjukdom. Sjuksköterskans roll är att utbilda och informera patienter om egenvårdsåtgärder. Det eftersträvas att patienten själv ska känna igen symtom, tecken och försämring för att kunna utföra god egenvård. Syfte: Beskriva erfarenheter av egenvård hos patienter med hjärtsvikt utifrån Riegel et al. egenvårdsmodell. Metod: Litteraturöversikten har genomförts utifrån kvalitativ metod och deduktiv ansats. En egenvårdsmodell har använts som teori och en kvalitativ analysmodell har använts i analysprocessen där 12 vetenskapliga artiklar har granskats. Resultat: Patienter med hjärtsvikt beskrev ett behov av att bland annat utforma strategier, ha ett socialt stöd och uppleva psykiskt välbefinnande för att förbättra upplevelsen av egenvård uttryckt från egenvårdsmodellens kategorier self-care maintenance, self-care monitoring och self-care management. Slutsats: Patienternas anpassning i vardagen, psykiska välbefinnande och sociala samhörighet påverkade egenvård. Sjuksköterskan kan utifrån litteraturöversikten få en ökad förståelse för individens upplevelser vilket förväntas påverka bemötandet och utformandet av den personcentrerade omvårdnaden.

  • Johansson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Rålund, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Patienters upplevelser av att leva med dialysbehandling: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Vid årsskiftet 2015 – 2016 gick 3903 personer i Sverige i dialysbehandling. Flera av dessa är i en ålder där familj, barn och arbete är en del av vardagen. Behandlingen kräver att patienten tar sig till sjukhus ett antal gånger i veckan eller att den görs i hemmet. Oavsett metod blir behandlingen en stor del av patientens liv. Syfte: Att beskriva patientens upplevelse av att leva med dialysbehandling. Metod: En litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats gjordes där 13 kvalitativa artiklar inkluderades. Vid analysen framkom tre kategorier och åtta underkategorier. Resultat: Resultatet av litteraturöversikten visar på att patienter upplevde att dialysbehandlingen både har förändrat och begränsat deras liv. Det framkom att de planerade sina liv runt dialysbehandlingen, de kände sig bundna och att friheten de en gång haft kraftigt begränsats. Positivt tänkande och acceptans av livssituationen gjorde att upplevelsen av att leva med dialysbehandlingen inte enbart blev negativ. Slutsats: Resultatet kan leda till ökad förståelse både inom vården och i samhället, för hur det är att leva med dialysbehandling. Resultatet kan även ge en djupare förståelse hos sjuksköterskan för hur dessa patienter upplever behandlingen och bemötandet i vården och vara till hjälp i den personcentrerade omvårdnaden.

     

  • Thideman, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lindberg, Jonathan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Näringstillstånd och effekter av ett strukturerat näringsprogram bland personer med demens i särskilt boende2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Mild, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Freij, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva med endometrios: En Litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Endometrios är en kronisk gynekologisk sjukdom med okänt ursprung. Cirka 10 % av fertila kvinnor i världen är drabbade. Sjukdomen är både svår att diagnostisera och behandla. Sjuksköterskors bemötande och kunskapsbas är viktiga faktorer i mötet med patienter med endometrios.

    Syfte: Att beskriva upplevelser av att leva med endometrios.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt med elva kvalitativa artiklar. Litteraturöversikten har en induktiv ansats. Resultat: Tre huvudkategorier identifierades: Det dagliga livet, Hantering av sjukdomen och Mötet med sjukvården. Det identifierades också åtta underkategorier: Begränsningar i det sociala livet, Begränsningar i arbets- och studie livet, Begränsningar i parrelationen, Stå ut med smärta, Hitta strategier, Den långa väntan, Det bristande mötet och Det bekräftande mötet.

    Slutsats: Det är viktigt att som sjuksköterska ha kunskap om sjukdomen för att bemötandet ska bli bra och att kvinnorna ska kunna känna sig trygga i mötet med sjukvården. Ytterligare forskning inom endometrios skulle behövas då kunskapsbristerna är stora. 

  • Castell, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Abdulqader, Sarah
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Inköp alternativt egen regi av tjänster inom sektorn för vård och omsorg: För att uppnå kostnadseffektivitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate how quality is being affected by service purchasing and service in-house within the care and welfare sector to achieve high cost-effectiveness. The research questions stated below will be answered in the study to fulfill the purpose:

    -          What benefits and risks regarding quality can be identified in case of service purchasing and service in-house within the care and welfare sector?

    -          Is service purchasing or service in-house the most cost-effectiveness choice for the care and welfare sector?

    Method - To answer the research questions and thereby fulfill the purpose of the study a theoretical framework was created by literature review and a case study conducted at the Social Services in Nässjö. Empirical data was collected by interviews, questionnaires and document studies and then analyzed with the theoretical framework which generated the study’s result.

    Findings - The study’s findings showed that purchased service generated more benefits in terms of quality compared to service in-house and therefore represented a less risky alternative. Purchased service also created higher quality at a lower cost which meant it was the most cost-effective choice as the cost per quality effect was lower.

    Recommendation – The care and welfare sector is recommended to look at the possibility of buying services instead of performing services in-house, in particular technical services that do not belong to the core operations.

    Limitations - The calculation of cost-effectiveness in the study was limited by the fact that all costs for the investigated service not were able to identify, which meant that cost-effectiveness was only calculated based on personnel and service costs. The study is based only at one case company which may restrict the generalization of other organizations in the sector of care and welfare.

    Keywords - Service purchasing, service in-house, quality, cost, cost-effectiveness, care and welfare sector.

  • Duras, Toni
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Statistics.
    Aspects of common principal components2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this thesis is the common principal component (CPC) model, the generalization of principal components to several populations. Common principal components refer to a group of multidimensional datasets such that their inner products share the same eigenvectors and are therefore simultaneously diagonalized by a common decorrelator matrix. Common principal component analysis is essentially applied in the same areas and analysis as its one-population counterpart. The generalization to multiple populations comes at the cost of being more mathematically involved, and many problems in the area remains to be solved.

    This thesis consists of three individual papers and an introduction chapter.In the first paper, the performance of two different estimation methods of the CPC model is compared for two real-world datasets and in a Monte Carlo simulation study. The second papers show that the orthogonal group and the Haar measure on this group plays an important role in PCA, both in single- and multi-population principal component analysis. The last paper considers using common principal component analysis as a tool for imposing restrictions on system-wise regression models. When the exogenous variables of a multi-dimensional model share common principal components, then each of the marginal models in the system is, up to their eigenvalues, identical. They henceform a class of regression models situated in between the classical seemingly unrelated regressions, where each set of explanatory variables is unique, and multivariate regression, where each marginal model shares the same common set of regressors.

  • Johansson, My Ngoc
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Al Hasbani, Salwa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Minimization of Output Variation in Mass Customized Production2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decades, there have been an acceleration of customers’ needs of customized products. This have pressured many companies in offering customized products in order to reach customer satisfaction and keep growing and expanding their market share. Nowadays the competitive pressure between companies with the same product segment is increasing and the market requirements are changing rapidly. To handle this competition, many manufacturing companies are focusing on mass customized production. However, mass customization has been a topic of interest for many researchers. The focus has been in studying and understanding the complexity and the constrains that a company encounter when dealing with mass customized production in mostly the automotive industry.

    One of the constrains that have been less highlighted by researchers were the effects that mass customized production has on the output variation of production lines. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to investigate how to minimize output variations in mass customized production within assembly lines. To do that the researchers focused on studying the output variation in whitegoods industry instead of the automotive industry that captures most of the existing research. The study includes two main research questions. The first question was to identify the factors that affect the output variation in mass customized production. While the second question was to identify applicable solutions that can be used to stabilize the output.

    To ensure the reliability and validity of the research findings, the researchers used multiple case study combined with literature reviews. To answer the research questions several data collection techniques were used in the multiple case study conducted on two lines. Those data collection techniques were participating observations, document reviews, a semi-structured interview and many conversations with the affected persons.

    The findings from the case study for research question one showed consistency with the theories described in the theoretical background. This was evident because similar problems when it comes to output variations were defined in the theories. One problem was about the simplification of assembly line balancing problem that was evident in both case studies. This was an effect of the missing product family classification which created a high output variation because of the use of only one line balancing for all product variants. Another problem identified included functionality problems of machines because of performing wrong assembly or the use of the wrong component. There was as well the problem of missing or delayed components which was an effect of the lack of structure in the material picking and the deliveries performed for both lines. A combination of those factors created the experienced output variation on both lines.

    To deal with those problems and minimize the output variation, a solution approach was defined in the second research question. This approach was created together with the case company with the help of the theoretical background and it presents several steps to follow when attacking and resolving similar problems as presented above.

    The most important conclusion of this thesis is that, when dealing with output variation in mass customized production where people are performing the assembly, it is essential to provide the right conditions for them to ensure that they have the right knowledge base to perform the requested assembly.

  • Clarke, David
    et al.
    Academic Unit of Elderly Care and Rehabilitation, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, Bradford, United Kingdom.
    Jones, Fiona
    Faculty of Health Social Care and Education, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom.
    Harris, Ruth
    Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.
    Robert, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.
    What outcomes are associated with developing and implementing co-produced interventions in acute healthcare settings?: A rapid evidence synthesis2017In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 7, e014650Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Co-production is defined as the voluntary or involuntary involvement of users in the design, management, delivery and/or evaluation of services. Interest in co-production as an intervention for improving healthcare quality is increasing. In the acute healthcare context, co-production is promoted as harnessing the knowledge of patients, carers and staff to make changes about which they care most. However, little is known regarding the impact of co-production on patient, staff or organisational outcomes in these settings.

    Aims

    To identify and appraise reported outcomes of co-production as an intervention to improve quality of services in acute healthcare settings.

    Design

    Rapid evidence synthesis.

    Data sources

    Medline, Cinahl, Web of Science, Embase, HMIC, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, SCIE, Proquest Dissertation and Theses, EThOS, OpenGrey; CoDesign; The Design Journal; Design Issues.

    Study selection

    Studies reporting patient, staff or organisational outcomes associated with using co-production in an acute healthcare setting.

    Findings

    712 titles and abstracts were screened; 24 papers underwent full-text review, and 11 papers were included in the evidence synthesis. One study was a feasibility randomised controlled trial, three were process evaluations and seven used descriptive qualitative approaches. Reported outcomes related to (a) the value of patient and staff involvement in co-production processes; (b) the generation of ideas for changes to processes, practices and clinical environments; and (c) tangible service changes and impacts on patient experiences. Only one study included cost analysis; none reported an economic evaluation. No studies assessed the sustainability of any changes made.

    Conclusions

    Despite increasing interest in and advocacy for co-production, there is a lack of rigorous evaluation in acute healthcare settings. Future studies should evaluate clinical and service outcomes as well as the cost-effectiveness of co-production relative to other forms of quality improvement. Potentially broader impacts on the values and behaviours of participants should also be considered. 

  • Heikkinen, Tim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Computer supported engineering design.
    Johansson, Joel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Computer supported engineering design.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Computer supported engineering design.
    Extended CAD-models – State of Practice within Three Companies2017In: IEEM2017, International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, 10-13 December, 2017, Singapore, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Product platforms and product family design have been recognized as successful methods to enable masscustomization strategies. However, companies working with products where pre-defined product variants are not feasible require a more generic platform with re-usable components as well as engineering resources. Extended CAD-models is an approach where CAD-models are utilized as carriers of information to support re-usability of both geometric content and engineering activities, decreasing product development lead-time and enabling the definition of a product family within Engineer-To-Order business contexts. The following paper presents the approach in more detail and the results of a multi-case study where three Swedish industrial companies were interviewed. Results show that all companies store information within the CAD-models to support re-usability. Several challenges were expressed such as managing responsibilities and modeling flexible CAD-models. Future trends involve the concept, but to which extent is not clear.

  • Hammar, Karl
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Science and Informatics.
    Presutti, Valentina
    Semantic Technology Lab, ISTC-CNR, Italy.
    Template-Based Content ODP Instantiation2017In: Advances in Ontology Design and Patterns / [ed] Karl Hammar, Pascal Hitzler, Adila Krisnadhi, Agnieszka Ławrynowicz, Andrea Giovanni Nuzzolese, Monika Solanki, IOS Press, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Content Ontology Design Patterns (CODPs) are typically instantiated into a target ontology or ontology module through a process of specialisation of CODP entities. We find, from experiences in three projects, that this approach leads to ontologies that are unintuitive to some non-expert ontologists. An approach where CODPs are used as templates can be more suitable when constructing ontologies to be used or modified by such users, and we propose a method for such template-based ODP instantiation. We evaluate this method with positive results, and describe a tool that supports the use of the proposed method.

  • Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU). Centre for Middle Eastern Studies at Lund University in Sweden.
    Said, Salam
    Higher Education for Refugees: The Case of Syria2017In: Policy & Practice, ISSN 1748-135X, no 24, 104-125 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The refugee crisis is also a crisis in education. While attention is frequently directed toward primary and secondary school levels, higher education is a strategic issue for refugees, both as individuals and for long term processes of post-conflict recovery and peacebuilding. Education prospects and content are drivers of onwards migration, but also affect economic structures on return.  Higher education has the potential to support sustainable socio-economic development, but impacts will depend on which strategies are adopted and which types of capacity are prioritised. The article examines the issue of access to higher education for Syrian refugees, describing the situation in Lebanon in particular. Foreign interests can fuel sectarianism as well as creating economic structural dependencies. Both existing and possible future options supported by the international community are considered here, and discussed with respect to how they might affect opportunities for democratic and autonomous societal developments. 

  • Leyer, Michael
    et al.
    University of Rostock, Institute of Business Administration, Rostock, Germany.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Science and Informatics. University of Rostock, Institute of Computer Science, Rostock, Germany.
    Integration of individual processes and information demand patterns: A conceptual analysis2017In: Complex Systems Informatics and Modeling Quarterly, ISSN 2255-9922, no 13, 61-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals need a variety of information when performing their personal processes. However, companies typically know little about the underlying individual demand patterns in these processes. Conceptualizing information demand patterns of individuals is expected to allow for using these as foundation to extend the traditional internal information logistic perspective of companies. Digital options could then be used to align individual and organizational information leading not only to new product and service offers, but also to new work structures in organizations. Thus, we extend prior literature regarding business process management and information logistics by highlighting how information demand patterns (IDP) have to be adapted to individual processes. Our exploratory approach is to demonstrate conceptually the conditions and implications of individual IDPs.

  • Kyriazopoulou, Mary
    et al.
    European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
    Bartolo, PaulEuropean Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.Björck-Åkesson, EvaJönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.Giné, ClimentUniversitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain.Bellour, Flora
    Inclusive Early Childhood Education Environment: New Insights and Tools - Contributions from a European Study2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Assessing the role of land use consolidation for consumption growth in Rwanda2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the effects of land use consolidation on consumption growth of farm households in Rwanda. Data on 1 920 households, observed in two time periods, are used to estimate a first-differenced model using an instrumental variables estimator, which allow the analysis to account for selection bias and placement effects. Results show no significant effect of land use consolidation on consumption growth and the results are robust to changes in model specification and estimation method. Rather, the results point to the importance of factors such as education, rural infrastructure and market linkages in the consumption growth process. These results highlight the need to consider that alternative public investments, that reduce households’ transaction costs, may be better able to target rural farmers that operate under conditions such as land scarcity, high population pressure and high risk linked to rapidly changing climate conditions.

  • Nilsson, Pia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Maniriho, Aristide
    School of Economics, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda.
    One cow per poor family: effects on consumption and crop production in Rwanda2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A random sample of households in Rwanda are used to estimate the effects of the one cow policy on consumption and crop production during 2010-2014. A first-differenced model that takes into account the selection bias and placement effect associated with the policy and heterogeneity across householdsis estimated. Findings show a positive effect of receiving a cow on crop production, indicating that fertilizers provided by the cattle has enabled households to increase their agricultural production. Findings also point to the importance of knowledge and experience of rearing livestock for the outcome on consumption to realize.

  • Bartolo, Paul
    et al.
    European Agency of Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
    Björck-Åkesson, EvaJönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.Giné, ClimentUniversitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain.Kyriazopoulou, MaryEuropean Agency of Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
    Inclusive Early Childhood Education: An analysis of 32 European examples2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Kyriazopoulou, MaryEuropean Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.Giné, ClimentUniversitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain.Bartolo, PaulEuropean Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
    Inclusive Early Childhood Education Environment Self-Reflection Tool2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    From Introduction:

    This Self-Reflection Tool was developed as part of the Inclusive Early Childhood Education (IECE) project, conducted by the European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education from 2015 to 2017 (www.european-agency.org/agency-projects/inclusive-earlychildhood-education). The project’s overall goal was to identify, analyse and subsequently promote the main characteristics of quality IECE for all children. To that end, a need was detected for a tool that all professionals and staff could use to reflect on their setting’s inclusiveness, focusing on the social, learning and physical environment. This tool is intended to help improve settings’ inclusiveness.

  • Hjort, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Larsson, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Hello, 1950s? You left your oppressive gender roles in our century.: En studie om könsstereotyper inom marknadsföring på Instagram2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the differences in marketing of skincare products on Instagram against a female or male target audience. By studying the companies concepts on Instagram we examine which gender stereotypes is being used to inspire women and men.

    Method – To fulfill the purpose, the authors have studied six different Instagram accounts within skincare marketed against women and men. A small-N-studie was done through a semiotic picture analysis. By studying the denotation and connotation of the pictures we did an analysis where we used theories from the Theoretical Background. Thenceforth we did group interviews to strengthen our connotations with the support from other peoples opinions with different experiences and backgrounds. To regulate the analysis we used headlines as overview, product-pictures, inspiration/lifestyle pictures and quotes both in the own analysis and in the group interview.

    Findings – The result of the group interviews was that many of the groups mentioned common descriptions and associations to the pictures on the Instagram accounts. Their perceptions was generally in the line of what we discovered through our own denotations and connotations even though ours was more detailed. From the theories and the discovered findings from the semiotic picture analysis and the group interviews we could identify gender stereotypes in the different Instagram accounts. This was shown through the colour-palettes, the life style that was promoted, the hobbies and the props in the product pictures. These findings clearly showed the signs of old gender stereotypes regarding what it means to be a man or a woman.

    Implications – The implications of the study is that the gender stereotypes will continue to exist and develop even on New Media. This leads to more limitations for women and men and continued inequality. The fact that this phenomenon is also on New Media means that the gender stereotypes has an even bigger impact on people, as it reaches to a larger group of people.

    Limitations – What influenced the size of the study was, among other things, the time limitations of the study. This limited the amount of participants in the group interview, the number of methods and even the extent of the theoretical background. If the study had been done during a longer period of time the study could have been more extensive which would have strengthened the findings of the study. 

  • André, Samuel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Computer supported engineering design. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Computer supported engineering design. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Simulation and Optimization.
    Creating an ability to respond to changing requirements by systematic modelling of design assets and processes2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    System suppliers, e.g. original equipment suppliers, are important for the success of many products. They design a unique solution, often in close collaboration with other companies, based on different product concepts and/or core technologies. The solution can then be manufactured in different quantities depending on the client’s need. High level of customization is required as the interfaces are not standardized, the performance is not negotiable, requirements are not initially fixed and the specific system interacts with, is affected by, or affects other systems that are simultaneously developed. A system supplier commonly designs and manufactures solutions for different OEMs and must support many models and variants in their product portfolios. Efficiency, short lead-time, continuous technology development, and adaptability are essential for the competitive edge. A product platform approach has been a success for many companies to enable variety at low cost, however, it is not applicable for system suppliers. This work describes the result from a case study where a platform approach enabling a new way of structuring, publishing and managing design assets and processes was introduced at a company with the purpose to improve the ability to respond to changing requirements in the quotation process and the subsequent product development activities.

  • Lin, Chung-Ying
    et al.
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Nilsen, Per
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Griffiths, Mark D.
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDH), Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Bahonar Blvd, Qazvin, Iran.
    Psychometric validation of the Persian bergen social media addiction scale using classic test theory and Rasch models2017In: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 6, no 4, 620-629 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: The Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), a six-item self-report scale that is a brief and effective psychometric instrument for assessing at-risk social media addiction on the Internet. However, its psychometric properties in Persian have never been examined and no studies have applied Rasch analysis for the psychometric testing. This study aimed to verify the construct validity of the Persian BSMAS using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch models among 2,676 Iranian adolescents.

    Methods: In addition to construct validity, measurement invariance in CFA and differential item functioning (DIF) in Rasch analysis across gender were tested for in the Persian BSMAS.

    Results: Both CFA [comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.993; Tucker-Lewis index (TLI) = 0.989; root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.057; standardized root mean square residual (SRMR) = 0.039] and Rasch (infit MnSq = 0.88-1.28; outfit MnSq = 0.86-1.22) confirmed the unidimensionality of the BSMAS. Moreover, measurement invariance was supported in multigroup CFA including metric invariance (ΔCFI = .0.001; ΔSRMR = 0.003; ΔRMSEA = .0.005) and scalar invariance (ΔCFI = .0.002; ΔSRMR = 0.005; ΔRMSEA = 0.001) across gender. No item displayed DIF (DIF contrast = .0.48 to 0.24) in Rasch across gender.

    Conclusions: Given the Persian BSMAS was unidimensional, it is concluded that the instrument can be used to assess how an adolescent is addicted to social media on the Internet. Moreover, users of the instrument may comfortably compare the sum scores of the BSMAS across gender.

  • Wu, Jiawei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Chen, Fenghu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Knowing more about people ordering food online: based on Eleme platform2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Berglez, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Smileys Without Borders: A Critique of Transboundary Interaction Between Politicians, Journalists and PR practitioners on Social Media2018In: TripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 16, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to contribute a critical theoretical understanding of cross-professional relations on social media, focusing on politicians, journalists and PR practitioners. It is well known that these professional groups establish personal and close relations in offline contexts, but more attention needs to be paid to the role of social media. Here, it is argued that in the context of digital media use, semi-private chatting, humour, and mutual acknowledgment, including the use of likes, smileys, heart symbols, etc., are evidence of a ‘neoliberalisation’ of cross-professional relations. The underlying idea is that the common practice of self-branding undermines representations of professional belonging and exacerbates the blurring of professional boundaries. The critical conceptualisation of such ‘transboundary’ interaction between politicians, journalists and PR practitioners, which is guided by a culturalmaterialist approach, includes the presentation of examples deriving from the Swedish Twittersphere, and suggestions for empirical research.

  • Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Domeij, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Juridiska institutionen.
    Horn, Anna
    IPQ IP Specialists.
    Swedish Patent Litigation Survey of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises2017In: Nordic Intellectual Property Review, ISSN 0027-6723, no 3, 234-248 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the opinions of small and medium-sized enterprises with experience of Swedish patent litigation? We offer description and analysis from a 2016 inter-view survey of nine small and medium-sized enterprises that had been involved in Swedish patent litigation on infringement and/or invalidity. Our results show that the companies are of the opinion that the proceedings were too slow and costly. They financed the litigation mainly with their own resources. Insur-ance played only a minor role. We also find that the proceedings seem to have affected their position in the market in terms of customers, suppliers and banks. Half the small and medium sized companies after the litigation had a reduced propensity to patent and almost all are less inclined to engage in future Swedish patent litigation.

  • Tyrstrup, Mia
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, General Practice, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    van der Velden, Alike
    Department of Clinical Sciences, General Practice, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Engstrom, Sven
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Primary Care Research and Development Unit, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Goderis, Geert
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Academic Center for General Practice, Leuven, Belgium.
    Molstad, Sigvard
    Department of Clinical Sciences, General Practice, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Verheij, Theo
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Coenen, Samuel
    Department of Primary and Interdisciplinary Care (ELIZA), Center for General Practice, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Adriaenssens, Niels
    Department of Primary and Interdisciplinary Care (ELIZA), Center for General Practice, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Antibiotic prescribing in relation to diagnoses and consultation rates in Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden: use of European quality indicators2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 35, no 1, 10-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of antibiotic prescribing in primary care in Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden using European disease-specific antibiotic prescribing quality indicators (APQI) and taking into account the threshold to consult and national guidelines.

    DESIGN: A retrospective observational database study.

    SETTING: Routine primary health care registration networks in Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden.

    SUBJECTS: All consultations for one of seven acute infections [upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), sinusitis, tonsillitis, otitis media, bronchitis, pneumonia and cystitis] and the antibiotic prescriptions in 2012 corresponding to these diagnoses.

    MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Consultation incidences for these diagnoses and APQI values (a) the percentages of patients receiving an antibiotic per diagnosis, (b) the percentages prescribed first-choice antibiotics and (c) the percentages prescribed quinolones.

    RESULTS: The consultation incidence for respiratory tract infection was much higher in Belgium than in the Netherlands and Sweden. Most of the prescribing percentage indicators (a) were outside the recommended ranges, with Belgium deviating the most for URTI and bronchitis, Sweden for tonsillitis and the Netherlands for cystitis. The Netherlands and Sweden prescribed the recommended antibiotics (b) to a higher degree and the prescribing of quinolones exceeded the proposed range for most diagnoses (c) in Belgium. The interpretation of APQI was found to be dependent on the consultation incidences. High consultation incidences were associated with high antibiotic prescription rates. Taking into account the recommended treatments from national guidelines improved the results of the APQI values for sinusitis in the Netherlands and cystitis in Sweden.

    CONCLUSION: Quality assessment using European disease-specific APQI was feasible and their inter-country comparison can identify opportunities for quality improvement. Their interpretation, however, should take consultation incidences and national guidelines into account. Differences in registration quality might limit the comparison of diagnosis-linked data between countries, especially for conditions such as cystitis where patients do not always see a clinician before treatment. Key points The large variation in antibiotic use between European countries points towards quality differences in prescribing in primary care.  • The European disease-specific antibiotic prescribing quality indicators (APQI) provide insight into antibiotic prescribing, but need further development, taking into account consultation incidences and country-specific guidelines.  • The incidence of consultations for respiratory tract infections was almost twice as high in Belgium compared to the Netherlands and Sweden.  • Comparison between countries of diagnosis-linked data were complicated by differences in data collection, especially for urinary tract infections.

  • Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge tekniska högskola.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Näringslivsdynamik, städer och agglomerationsekonomier – forskningsöversikt och agenda2017Report (Other academic)
  • Larsson, Johan P.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH.
    Betydelsen av socialt kapital för entreprenörskap: Regional utveckling i en polariserad tid2017Report (Other academic)
  • Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds universitet.
    Närhet och nätverk: Urbaniseringens roll utanför storstäderna2017Report (Other academic)
  • Farr, William
    et al.
    Sussex Community NHS Trust.
    Male, Ian
    Sussex Community NHS Trust.
    Green, Dido
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Oxford Brookes University.
    Morris, Christopher
    University of Exeter Medical School.
    Gage, Heather
    University of Surrey.
    Bailey, Sarah
    University of Exeter Medical School.
    Speller, Sandra
    Sussex Community NHS Trust.
    Colville, Val
    Sussex Community NHS Trust.
    Jackson, Mandy
    Sussex Community NHS Trust.
    Bremner, Stephen
    Brighton and Sussex Medical School.
    Memon, Anjum
    Brighton and Sussex Medical School.
    Methodological issues of using placebos in interventions based on digital technology2017In: Journal of Mobile Technology in Medicine, ISSN 1839-7808, Vol. 6, no 2, 56-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Aims: Use of placebo is the ideal for comparison in clinical trials to reduce biases. With digital technology being used more frequently in healthcare interventions, how do we determine the placebo effect where interventions exploit technology? If placebo in medicine is traditionally defined by a lack of pharmacological agents, how might we begin to move towards controlling for effects of digital technology?

    Method: This paper explores the traditional placebo effect and discusses its impact in healthcare contexts with digital technology with reference to a particular trial. Different meanings of placebo in the context of evaluating technology suggest new challenges and positive consequences.

    Results: Methodological considerations are discussed, which enabled the development of a placebo-controlled evaluation of a digital technology in healthcare and rehabilitation.

    Conclusion: Digital placebo was controlled in our trial by employing technology across all groups in the absence of evidence-based practice and shows how to control for unknown and hidden effects of technology.

  • Lindell, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Income Growth and Income Inequality in Danish Municipalities2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Income growth and income inequality is an important theme in Economic research. It has been debated for decades whether income inequality hinders or enhances income growth. One of the classic models of this relationship was the Kuzenets curve which shows inequality against income per capita can be defined by an inverted U-shaped curve, over a period of time. The purpose of the paper is to see to see the relationship between income growth and inequality on a municipality level. To do this, four econometric panel data models were constructed with data gathered from Statbank Denmark. Log of income was used as the dependent variable and different measures of inequality were used as independent variables among other variables (public expenditure, education, population density, demographic composition, taxation). Results from these models show how income growth is positively related to income inequality, with vastly higher growth at the top end of the income distribution in Denmark. The implications of these findings can show that a trade-off between income inequality and income growth is not true, and it is possible that both variables work in tandem. Other factors such as education and demographic composition were also positively correlated with income growth, while other factors, such as taxation, were statistically insignificant. Comprehensive research on inequality and income growth at a municipality level is sparse, especially in the case of Denmark. Thus, this study contributes to research in regional economics. 

  • Leivik-Knowles, Britt-Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Inter-organizational crisis communication2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Heshmati, Almas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Sogang University.
    Abolhosseini, Shahrouz
    National Iranian Oil Company.
    European energy security: Challenges and green opportunities2017In: The political economy of clean energy transitions / [ed] D. Arent, C. Arndt, M. Miller, F. Tarp, & O. Zinaman, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, 292-310 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)