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  • Karimi, Sameer
    et al.
    Blazevic, Josip
    Diversity management and innovation in Swedish tech companies: An exploratory study about the understanding of diversity management2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diversity as a topic is interesting as the world is becoming more globalized and

    the opportunities related to having a diverse workforce are compelling. Much research has been

    made on diversity management and its impact on companies, but in contrast there is limited

    research in the Swedish tech industry.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to study the understanding of diversity management

    within Swedish tech companies and if this could be related to innovation. We apply this

    research of diversity by looking at it from the context of ethnicity, gender, age and culture.

    Method: For this thesis we use a qualitative research strategy as we wish to gain in-depth

    knowledge from managers within Swedish tech companies. Using an exploratory research

    design, this study sheds light to the current state of diversity within tech companies in Sweden.

    Through semi structured interviews with seven managers from five tech companies in Sweden,

    we gain insights from the organizational level of how diversity management is understood and

    if there is a link to innovation. Using a grounded analysis to interpret the collected primary

    data, we have identified emerging themes that we use to draw conclusions.

    Findings: We have identified four emerging themes surrounding the empirical data collected.

    These are; (1) The understanding of diversity and innovation, (2) Managers point of view on

    the importance of diversity (3) Diversity’s impact on innovation, and (4) Diversity’s impact on

    company performance. In conjunction with many authors mentioned in this thesis, we also

    conclude that diversity can have a positive impact on companies. We find that there is a great

    understanding of diversity within tech companies as well as a positive attitude from managers

    towards diversity management. We cannot however identify nor confirm that there are any

    links between diversity management and innovation. We do instead find that a diverse

    workforce is an important contribution to company performance, and we identify links related

    to increased innovation capabilities and processes.

  • Hammarstedt, Andreas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Greedy men and seductive females: A qualitative gender analysis of the representation of villains in the James Bond franchise2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The over 50-year-old movie icon James Bond is as current as ever. Since being the most prominent representation of a male hero and one of the world’s most recognizable movie icons, James Bond has been under the academicals loupe for many decades. In 2019, the world is waiting patiently for the realize of the 25th James Bond movie as the same time as several discussions in the media deals with the subject weather or not James Bond could be portrayed as a female or not. However, the long running franchise is bigger than just its main star, and the aim of this thesis is to study the representation of the “bad guys”, the antagonist characters of the James Bond franchise.The aim was narrowed to two research questions that regarded both how the male versus female representation compare to each other and also how the representation of the characters has developed over time. With the background of gender and social constructionism a qualitative analysis with semantic elements was performed on a total of 12 antagonist characters from the James Bond franchise.The analysis rendered several interesting findings. The result displayed that the representation of the male and female characters differs in several regards. The male characters were represented as authoritarian, well-dressed elderly men. While the female characters were represented more as younger sexually liberated females with a distinctly seductive vein. The time perspective could demonstrate development especially regarding the female characters whom, as time progresses, has become more complexed characters whose motive and background story is displayed much clearer to the audience. The male characters have also become more complex over time, but their stereotypic traits are in many ways unaltered.

  • Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Uppföljning av hemsjukvården i kommunerna i Jönköpings län2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inför den kommande kommunaliseringen av hemsjukvården i Jönköpings län genomfördes en bred och fördjupad baslinjemätning. År 2014 genomfördes en fördjupad uppföljning med syfte att undersöka hur vård och omsorg till de personer som är inskrivna i hemsjukvård fungerar efter kommunaliseringen av hemsjukvården i kommunerna i Region Jönköpings län. Resultaten från uppföljningen visar att hemsjukvården utför ett omfattande arbete med vård och rehabilitering i hemmet och ett arbete som är svårt att fånga med enkla indikatorer. Det bör också noteras att, även om ambitionen med uppföljningen var att göra direkta jämförelser mellan år 2012 (före skatteväxlingen) och år 2014 (efter skatteväxlingen), så visade det sig vara mycket svårt inom flera områden. Detta på grund av att de olika systemen för inhämtning av data skiljer sig väsentligt åt sedan skatteväxlingen, men också på grund av svårigheter med tolkningar och definitioner av vissa begrepp, som till exempel vem som är hemsjukvårdspatient. Sammantaget går det emellertid att urskilja vissa tydliga förändringar, såsom förbättrad samverkan mellan hemsjukvård och hemtjänst, ökad rehabilitering och aktivitetshöjande insatser, försämrad informationsöverföring och samverkan mellan hemsjukvård, vårdcentraler och slutenvård. Resultaten antyder fyra större områden med förbättringspotential: 1) Rutiner för inskrivning av hemsjukvårdspatienter; 2) Samverkan och informationsöverföring mellan hemsjukvård, vårdcentraler och slutenvård, 3) Kompetensutveckling för personal i hemsjukvården, samt 4) Patienternas delaktighet i planering av insatser av hemsjukvården. Dessa områden är också identifierade nationellt som förbättringsområden och det pågår också, nationellt och regionalt, projekt och arbete för att hitta lösningar för en bättre fungerade hemsjukvård.

  • Lilja, Max
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Johansson, Samuel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Barn till förälder med substansproblematik: Personlighetsegenskaper och substansproblematik2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Mianji Johnsson, Sonia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    The building of the webpages: The comparison study of MERN and MEVN2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ecosystem of JavaScript is rapidly changing and regularly a new framework or library is introduced claiming to have better features than its predecessors. This makes the decision- making process in choosing one framework over the other very challenging for the developers. This study aims to give a guideline to the reader in the process of decision making by comparing the runtime performance of the MERN (MongoDB, Express, React.js and Node.js) and MEVN (V stands for Vue.js) stack as well as increasing their viability in the job market by giving them an insight into the Swedish-based companies preference of software stacks in building single page applications. To fulfill the purpose, an experiment is conducted to determine how fast the mentioned stacks perform in building a single page application. For the experiment two simple to-do applications are built with MERN and MEVN and loading time, adding time, updating and deleting time of the tasks are measured. According to the results gathered, both MERN and MEVN performed similarly when executing the CRUD operations in the experiment. It must be noted that the run-time performance comparison was based on DOM manipulation of text-only content and due to the limited time frame, no image rendering was included in the applications. Moreover, to be able to reveal the software stack trend among the Swedish-based companies, a survey study was conducted. Out of approximately 70 companies contacted, 12 responded. Due to the low number of respondents on the survey drawing conclusions from the survey and generalizing, the result was challenging. However, the results gathered show that all the respondents use either Vue.js or React.js or both as their client-side software though they are not always combined with Node.js and MongoDB. Other preferred server-side software that are used in combination with React.js or Vue.js are Java, Go and Django. Some of the main factors that the respondents pointed out that affects their choice of software was the ease of learning, the community behind the software, clients’ need and availability of that specific software developers.

  • Chennell, Jessica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Birna Karen, Björnsdottir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Functional and hedonic loading indicators: How functional and hedonic loading indicators affect users’ perception of time and enjoyment2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lu, Jihui
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    User churning behavior in social networks2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: With the rapid development of Internet and social network, some social networking sites as Renren.com have achieved breakthrough development, rapidly gathering and driving numerous users. However, with the advent of Web 3.0, the social networking has a new change. Many social websites as Renren.com was replaced by new social networking site and lost amounts of users. The popular social website Myspace losing more than 90% of users. These cases show that many social websites cannot avoid user churning problem.

    Purpose: The purpose is to understand user churning behavior in social networks while using Renren.com as a case.

    Method: The thesis is a descriptive-exploratory study with a mixed-methods. Base on my research purpose and research question, I decide to use mixed methods with both quantitative and qualitative data to provide a better understand of my research problem. By collecting data through questionnaires with closed ended questions and conduct an interview directly with 10 participants who has used Renren.com for 2-5 years and use social media networks very often.

    Conclusion: By analyzing empirical findings, a final summary was developed in regard to the research questions respectively, where some aspects are in accordance with the theoretical framework. To sum up, there are five reasons to answer the research questions, which are all identified from the participants’ perspective.

    Limitations: This thesis is only conducted by limited number of users who has used Renren.com and social networks for a long time, due to the time and access available. Thus, apart from the respondents, I cannot get the data from the all of users from Renren.com. Moreover, my research is from the perspective of user experience, and I cannot fully understand all the reasons of user churning. It might be operational issue or target issue from the website

    Keyword: social networks, user churning, Renren.com

  • Zhang, Chunying
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    “Design for all”—Accessibility design issues on 75 Swedish public sector websites2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Albayatti, Aje
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Teachers’ use of cultural diversity in Swedish schools and its effect on students’ identity2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning behandlar gymnasielärares arbete med att möta den kulturella mångfalden som finns i den svenska skolan idag, samt hur de arbetar med elevers identitetsbildning i historieundervisningen. Lärarnas sätt att arbeta med elevers historiemedvetande är avgörande för hur de formar undervisningen till att skapa möjligheter för elever att bilda och utveckla sin identitet. I studien framställs detta i form av kvalitativa intervjuer med tre verksamma lärare. Studien syftar till att undersöka hur lärare undervisar i historia utifrån elevers olika identiteter, samt hur lärare nyttjar elevers bakgrund och berättelser i undervisningen. Uppsatsen bygger på tidigare forskning kring historiemedvetande, identitet och mångkultur. I undersökningen visas de utmaningar som lärarna ställs inför vad det gäller att tolka begreppet historiemedvetande och kunna tillämpa ett arbetssätt utifrån styrdokumenten. Detta förblir problematiskt eftersom begreppet anses som otydligt definierat i styrdokumenten. Undersökningen visar även att lärare utmanas med att möta den kulturella mångfalden som finns i det svenska samhället. Utifrån de intervjuade lärarnas beskrivningar kring sitt sätt att undervisa i historia visas en del faktorer som spelar roll i att skapa ett interkulturellt lärande och att motverka de utmaningar som dem ställs inför. Dessa faktorer kan uppfattas bero på elevernas saknade färdigheter från grundskolan och lärarnas begränsade undervisningstid, men även deras saknade färdigheter i att undervisa i ett mångkulturellt klassrum och medvetenhet kring sitt urval av ämnesstoff vars syfte är tydligt anpassat för elevers identitetsbildning. Dessa faktorer har en avgörande roll för att ett interkulturellt lärande ska tillämpas. Utifrån dessa orsaker resulterar lärarna att utmanas med att möta den kulturella mångfalden och där historieundervisningen förhåller sig till ett eurocentriskt perspektiv.

  • Norrbrink, Pierre
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Huynh, Benjamin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ett metodiskt recept2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Truong, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Detection of motor skidding in autonomous lawn mowers: Detection of skidding in autonomous lawn mower using machine learning technique MLP with wheel motor currents and IMU.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the thesis is to evaluate the accuracy of two different approaches of how to detect skidding in autonomous lawn mowers. Using the motor currents and inertia sensors from the mower, a neural network is applied to predict if there was a skidding or not. The usefulness of knowing when a skid happens could be of value for future developments making better autonomous decision making.

    Method – The thesis will adopt the methodology process of Design Science Research (DSR). The study begins with bringing awareness of the problem by previous knowledge and related works to skidding in wheeled robots. Thereafter an experiment is set up to generate data when the autonomous lawn mower is in conditions of skidding and non-skidding. The data collected will be processed with machine learning algorithm, multilayer perceptron.

    Findings – The findings showed high accuracies in both techniques where adding an IMU sensor in addition to motor currents showed higher accuracy then only using motor currents. Both techniques showed low number of false detections and near zero missed detections which is a preferred feature, the behavior of the autonomous lawn mower benefits more from a false detection than not detecting any at all and get stuck.

    Implications – The autonomous lawn mowers of today have a tendency of failing in the yard due to skidding in uneven or slippery terrain. The robot either reacts by assuming a collision has happened or gets no traction and gets stuck. A first step to solve this problem is by detecting such a skid to then be able to take action.

    Limitations – The results will be limited to the autonomous lawn mower of Globe Group as the data collection is made with an autonomous lawn mower of Globe Group. The mower will run on a flat outdoor grass lawn to maintain the experiment on a reasonable level for a bachelor thesis.

    Keywords – robot, autonomous, lawn mower, machine learning, detection, skidding

  • Svensson, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Landsfader eller tyrann?: Användandet och framställningen av Gustav Vasa2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På vilket sätt historia brukas är ett viktigt fält att vetenskapligt forska om. Vi lever i en digitaliserad värld där vi exponeras regelbundet för sociala medier, matas kontinuerligt med ny information; således har ämnet källkritik numera övergått till att bli oerhört essentiellt. Detta grundar sig i utbredningen av bristfällig information och att skolans läroplaner understryker angelägenheten av att utbilda elever i att ha ett källkritiskt tänkande.

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka bruket av historia i korrelation till Gustav Vasa (1496–1560). Sedermera åskådliggöra hur det historiska minnet av Gustav Vasa har brukats, belysa hur användandet förändrats över tid och avslutningsvis granska vad minnet använts till. Arbetets undersökningsperiod sträcker sig från 1841–2020. Materialet till detta arbete innefattar bland annat läromedel, biografier, filmer, pjäser, tidningarartiklar och minnesmonument, totalt ingår det 17 artefakter i studien. Utifrån väl avgränsat material och den teoretiska utgångspunkten undersöks det hur Gustav Vasa har brukats förmedelst kategorierna utbildningskultur, populärkultur och minneskultur. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten utgår ifrån att det är Gustav Vasas karaktär och agerande som gör honom brukbar för konstruktion av eftervärlden, vilket anknyter till det existentiella historiebruket. Detta bruk kan utövas av alla med anledning av människors behov att minnas.

    Efter analys av materialet synliggörs utvecklingen av bruket kring Gustav Vasas minne och symbolgestalt, vilket är betingat av samhällets utveckling. De äldsta källorna framhåller en mer kungavänlig skildring, men när vi närmar oss nutid ändras framställningen markant, det är istället Gustav Vasas hänsynslöshet och tyranneri som betonas och återges. Vidare har Gustav Vasas minne brukats på flera sätt. I utbildningskulturen används kungens minne i ett undervisande syfte, inom populärkulturen används minnet för att väcka publikens fantasi och känslor när den tar del av artefakten och slutligen, inom minneskulturen, brukar artefakterna Gustav Vasas minne för att vi ska komma ihåg honom. Vad kungens minne har använts till inom utbildningskulturen är att skildra den vetenskapliga sanningen, den historiske Gustav Vasa, populärkulturen har använt kungens minne till att framställa symbolgestalter och minneskulturen har använt minnet till olika minnesarregemang till Gustav Vasas hågkomst.

  • Scavo, Gabriel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Steier, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Att sälja en värdering eller en smak?: En komparativ kritisk retorikanalys av Oatly- och Arlas reklamfilmer med tillhörande kommentarsfält på Youtube2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study focuses on food companies Oatly's and Arla's communication on the digital platform Youtube. The study analyzes two commercials from Arla and one commercial from Oatly. The purpose of the study is to contribute with new knowledge about Arla and Oatly's roles in the conflict “the milkwar” and to provide new perspectives on Youtube as a platform for public debate. The study's theoretical framework is inspired by Corporate Social Responsibility, as well as critical rhetoric as both theory and method.

    To enable a qualitative critical rhetoric analysis, the study uses concepts from the theoretical framework of rhetoric. Rhetoric aims to analyse verbal and visual language. To categorize the comments, they have been divided into five different themes. The theme positive comments are forms of appreciation from Youtube users. Negative comments indicate displeasure against the sender of the commercial. Product-focused comments implies that the focus is on product. Value-focused includes comments that indicate an opinion or value the user has. Other comments are thematized because of their irrelevance to the subject and is often in a context of abusive words or spiralling discussions. The study concludes that Oatly and Arla use a number of elements to speak against each other, which contributed to a wide variety of different interactions in the comment-sections.

  • Falk, Marielle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Wismén, Snezhana
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskors uppfattning och erfarenheter av att bedöma akuta tillstånd: En enkätundersökning2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Andelen sköra äldre med komplexa vårdbehov ökar inom kommunala verksamheter. Det ställer höga krav på kompetens hos sjuksköterskan. För att snabbt och säkert kunna identifiera akut tillstånd behöver sjuksköterskan bedömningsstöd som underlättar att rätt beslut tas för att ge säker vård.

    Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka vad sjuksköterskor stödjer sig på vid bedömning av patientens akuta tillstånd i ordinärt och särskilt boende.

    Metod: Studien utfördes som tvärsnittsstudie. Datainsamlingen genomfördes med hjälp en enkät som besvarades av 258 sjuksköterskor i en region. Kvantitativ data analyserades med hjälp av deskriptiv och analytisk statistik och kvalitativ data med innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: De vanligaste bedömningsstöden som sjuksköterskor använde var: vitala parametrar, kliniska blicken, omvårdnadspersonalens observation samt beslutsstödet-ViSam. Sjuksköterskornas kunskaper för sin bedömning inhämtades genom arbetslivserfarenhet, sjuksköterskeutbildning och via kollegor. Beslutsstödet-ViSam ansågs ge strukturerat arbetssätt med stöd till sjuksköterskans kompetens vilket var till hjälp dels då patienten skulle hänvisas till lämplig vårdnivå dels som hjälp vid rapportering. 

    Slutsats: Studiens resultat har tydliggjort betydelsen av sjuksköterskans kunskap och erfarenhet av bedömningsstöd vid akuta tillstånd.

  • Lindholm, Katja
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Piirainen-Olsson, Jolin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    "Det är bara massor med gråzoner...": En kvalitativ studie kring Migrationsverkets och socialtjänstens arbete med barn som uppges vara gifta2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Child marriage is a worldwide phenomenon. During 2015–2016 Sweden received a large amount of refugee children. Some of these children were married, which lead to a debate on how Sweden were going to handle child marriage. Eventually this led to Sweden establishing an amendment January 1th 2019 to no longer allow foreign child marriages. With this revision came a wide discussion whether it is the right way to counteract child marriage or not, and if the law would have the desired outcomes. 

    Qualitative interviews have been conducted with a total of nine administrative officers from the Swedish immigration agency and Social Workers at social service offices. Through their thoughts and stories on the subject about child marriage the thesis will highlight three topics that stand out in the process of identifying and working with children who declares to be married in Sweden. The result show that the administrative officers often follow their intuition concerning the identification of the children and their marital status. Furthermore, they find cultural difference as something challenging when they must decide in these matters. The workers have a great deal of worker’s discretion but are at the same time required to follow guidelines and Swedish law in their daily work. 

  • Svensson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vems ärenden går elden?: En historiografisk jämförelse av Sveriges och Finlands häxprocesser ur ett genusperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a comparative historiographic study of how the 17th century witch processes in Sweden and Finland has been described in dissertations, essays and articles over the last 50 years. These countries were chosen for comparison due to Sweden’s female majority of accused and condemned witches, while Finland had almost equal percentages of accused and condemned men and women. The time frame for this study co-relates to the establishment of gender theory in historical science. The four questions that this essay has answered is how the accused, the accusers and the reasons behind the accusations has been described differently over time, as well as which similarities and differences exist between Sweden and Finland. These questions have been analysed with three logics based on gender theories formulated by Yvonne Hirdman, Gro Hageman and Klas Åmark. The progression illustrated how research performed more conscious reasoning about gender over time, as well as how the initial judiciary historians paved the way for social and gender historians. The Finnish witch processes were influenced by the paradigm of female witches from the Swedish Empire, yet only in the western provinces. In eastern Finland, the idea of the male witch lived on. Springing from this conclusion, Finnish researchers claim that post-colonial perspectives as well as post-structural gender theory has a great explanatory value, even outside of their own context. Regardless of the nationality of the accusations a majority was described as rooted in socio-economic jealousy and rivalry within the accused’s own social class.

  • Palmaer, Maddelene
    Den vandrande djungeldoktorn: En mikrohistorisk textanalys om en missionsläkares människosyn i Belgiska Kongo2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie intresserar sig för den människosyn missionsläkaren Georg Palmær tillskriver såväl sig själv som de kongoleser han mötte under sina perioder i Belgiska Kongo. Genom en kvalitativ textanalys granskas böcker författade av Palmær, samt ett litet brevmaterial. För att förstå och synliggöra människosynen i studien tillämpas teorier om identitet och identitetsskapande i ett kolonialt sammanhang, skapade av Ania Loomba och Amartya Sen. Uppsatsstudien visar tydligt hur karaktärsdrag belyses och identiteter skapas utifrån en missionärs perspektiv kopplat till det teoretiska anslaget. Studien vänder sig mot tidigare forskning för att finna likheter och skillnader. Där finns forskning som visar att missionärer i Kongo var giriga och gärna glorifierade sina handlingar; forskning som menar att missionärernas människosyn förändras med tiden; såväl som forskning, som säger att generalisering av kongomissionärerna är orealistisk. Denna studie bidra till kunskaper om, samt nyansera bilden av människosynen i Kongo, utifrån ett vetenskapligt intresse att genom ett mikrohistoriskt anslag närma sig historien och ett etablerat forskningsområde utifrån en ny frågeställning och med den lilla vardagliga människan i fokus.

  • Befwe, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Fherm, Jonny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    LoRaWANuppkopplade smartcyklar: En studie som undersöker hur väl LoRaWAN fungerar för smartcyklar.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine if LoRaWAN is a possible alternative to older, more established, wireless networks in the smart bike context, and how much power a LoRaWAN node consumes in the same context. A hardware application was developed where a connection to the LoRa network can be achieved. Theoretical calculations for power consumption and for waiting time to send data were made to answer if it is possible to send data with LoRaWAN every 50 meters when a cyclist has an average speed of 25 km/h. In addition, the coverage of the network in the central parts of Jönköping municipality was also examined. To examine the coverage in Jönköping, an experiment was constructed where signal strength and packet loss could be tested in several places in the city. The result of the experiment were different RSSI and SNR values which could then be analyzed to produce a coverage map for the positions tested. In order to answer whether it is possible to send data often enough for a smart bike which, according to the demarcations, must be updated every 50 meters, calculations were made according to the chapter on restrictions and power calculation. 25 km/h is used for cyclists’ average speed and the time interval to be achieved is calculated to 7.2 seconds. This interval can be achieved if several sub-bands are used, which indicates that it is possible to use LoRaWAN for a smart cycle application. Calculations for power consumption were made using the collected theory about power calculation. Graphs were compiled for how the power depends on the amount of data when the time interval is constant (7.2 seconds) and how the power depends on the time interval when the data amount is constant (12 bytes). The coverage was perceived as good even though the network is not yet so widespread and given the low DR (data rate) used. The results of the study will be useful for deciding as to whether it is a good idea to use LoRaWAN as an alternative to more well-established networks for applications that needs to send data relatively often and be wireless and energy efficient. Another possible use of the results could be to strategically place more gateways for Jönköping Energy's LoRa network. Due to time shortage, the sample size for signal strength and packet loss is small. To get a more reliable result more extensive experimentation would have been needed. According to research, weather plays a role in radio communication and unfortunately the weather could not be considered for the same reasons. Calculations have also not been made for how the average power is affected when a GPS module is used, which is a requirement for sending the smart bikes coordinates.

  • Samuelsson, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Skolavslutning i kyrka – en moralfilosofisk analys2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the moral arguments put forward in the debate on end of term ceremonies held in church. The method used was a qualitative content analysis of the opinion pieces on the subject in Sweden’s two largest nation-wide daily newspapers. The material consists of six such opinion pieces - the total number of pieces written on the subject within the relevant time period.

    The moral arguments, once identified, have then been analysed using Maria Klasson Sundin’s models of children’s freedom of religion. This was done in order to identify how the arguments relate to the religious freedom of Swedish school pupils. The result shows that there is some disagreement with regards to end of term ceremonies being held in church, and that this disagreement can be seen as a consequence of how there appears to be no general consensus on the religiosity of the church as a space. The opinions on end of term ceremonies fall broadly within three groups: those who think that end of term ceremonies in church is unproblematic, those who think that end of term ceremonies in church is inappropriate, and those who think that end of term ceremonies in church is unproblematic as long as the ceremony contains no confessional elements.

  • Widestrand, Malte
    Upplevelser av att använda en applikation till smartmobil för att upprätthålla dygnsrytm: En intervjustudie med personer som har en eller flera psykiatriska diagnoser2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The literature on how smartphone applications affects occupational engagement, occupational balance and sleep experience is currently limited. Purpose: The purpose was to describe how people with one or several psychiatric diagnoses experience sleep, occupational balance and occupational engagement in everyday life after using an application set to maintain circadian rhythm. Method: Eight participants with one or more psychiatric diagnoses participated in an intervention in which they used an application with alarm and reminder functions. Specific features of the application used were that the participant needed to perform a procedure to turn off the alarm, e.g. to engage in body movement or solve a number of math tasks. Afterwards they participated in an individual interview about their experiences about how the application has affected their occupational engagement, occupational balance and insomnia. Results: The participants described that the application was useful as support in rising out of bed in the morning. This resulted in a circadian rhythm that had a positive impact on sleep, occupational balance and occupational engagement. Conclusion: There are indications that an application with these alarm functions can be a suitable alternative to improve sleep, occupational balance and occupational engagement. The importance of being able to start their morning routines in good time provided good conditions for being able to take advantage of everyday life. These indications should not be interpreted as scientifically proven facts, mainly because the data collection did not provide the basis for such findings.

  • Nylén, Linn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Kartläggning av hur rullstolsrelaterade faktorer påverkar äldre rullstolsanvändare: -A scoping reviw2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Trots att aktivitet är hälsofrämjande upplever många äldre rullstolsanvändare nedsatt funktion och förmåga till aktiviteter och lever ofta ett mer begränsat liv än de behöver. De spenderar många timmar rullstolen och drabbas i större utsträckning av trycksår och andra fysiska problem.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att kartlägga och beskriva hur rullstolsrelaterade faktorer påverkar äldre rullstolsanvändare.

    Metod: Studiens design är en scoping review utifrån metodbeskrivning från Joanna Briggs Institute. Datainsamling genom systematiska databassökningar och manuella sökningar via referenslistor och citations.

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i 12 artiklar. Resultatet visade att rullstolsrelaterade faktorer som mobilitet, individanpassning och trycksår påverkar äldre rullstolsanvändare och deras möjlighet till aktivitet och delaktighet.

    Slutsats och signifikans: Resultatet visar att äldre rullstolsanvändares möjlighet till delaktighet i aktiviteter påverkas av individuell anpassning av rullstolen, information och träning i att använda och hantera rullstolen, hur rörlig användaren är samt vilken miljö rullstolen skall användas i. Då äldre personer utgör den absolut största gruppen som använder och är beroende av rullstol och arbetsterapeuter är förskrivare finns det behov av vidare forskning på detta område.

  • Kasim, Leyla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    En litteraturöversikt över kvinnors upplevelse av cytostatikabehandling vid bröstcancer2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Ramsten, A.C.
    Vinnova.
    University-industry collaboration to support lifelong education2020In: INTED2020 Proceedings, IATED Academy , 2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration between the university and industry can contribute to generating a rich and relevant educational content. Furthermore, it can create a network of contacts with the surrounding community and future employers. Collaborating with an educational institute can also be a way of engaging in lifelong education and learning. This includes developing specific knowledge while training generic abilities, not least the ability of working collaboratively. There has come a movement in university-industry collaboration that involves a shift from (A) simple knowledge exchange to (B) the creation of shared frames of reference. This does not entail that problem-solving and knowledge dissemination should be set aside, but we observe that new dimensions have been added to the working methods that are already in play. Additionally, there is an increasing demand on higher education to provide lifelong learning, but how can this be done? The objective of this study is to explore innovative models of collaboration in continuous higher education. The paper is based on a qualitative case study method. Case study can be a way to explore unique cases, and in this particular paper, to explore new forms of collaboration as part of lifelong education. Considering the ongoing changes in university - industry collaboration, the question arose whether there are initiatives to collaborate in new ways in education to support lifelong education in working life. We started to search for new forms of education collaboration (in the national context of study). Since we looked for new forms, they were not to be found in data bases or previous literature. and we found that the most efficient method was to simply ask around in our networks. The criteria to include a case was: 1) that is was based on collaboration between university and working life, 2) the collaboration was aimed at higher education for professionals, 3) that the case exhibited a form of collaboration not identified elsewhere. When the cases were identified, we contacted the organizations for interviews with key informants. Based on the interviews, we constructed cases that described what they had done, what was unique and what we can learn from these cases. The interviewees got to approve the cases and make sure that the facts were correct. The main result from these cases is that it is industry and working life, not universities, that initiate collaboration to develop new models for lifelong education. Such collaborative efforts also hold a potential for the integration of research, education, and innovation. However, we need to:(i) develop robust models outlining how this can be achieved and(ii) clarify how the development of skills takes place. In our paper we draw the following conclusions:- Proximity facilitates collaboration and regional initiatives are the appropriate level to reach a critical mass while remaining geographically close to collaborating businesses.- Collaboration in higher education can be said to have undergone a cultural shift towards approaches that support active learning and a sense of responsibility in society.- The educational innovation that we have identified through the case descriptions has taken place on the initiative of external actors who contacted the university institutions based on specific needs.

  • Bengtsson, Angelica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stahl, Alva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Har inte du någon val att gå och rädda någonstans?": En semiotisk innehållsanalys av julkalendern Storm på lugna gatan ur ett hållbarhetsperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Världen står inför stora utmaningar gällande hållbar utveckling och problemen kommer inte att lösas över en natt. Det är en lång och tidskrävande process som kräver mycket kunskap av jordens nuvarande och framtida befolkning. För att vi i framtiden ska kunna upprätthålla och förbättra dagens hållbarhetsarbete är det av största vikt att de som är unga i dag får de förutsättningar och verktyg som krävs för att fortsätta arbetet. Forskning visar att barn lär sig av medier och att deras medieanvändande ökar. Därför studerar vi om, och i så fall hur, Sveriges televisions (SVT) julkalender från 2018 Storm på lugna gatan framställer hållbar utveckling till barn. Syftet med studien är att se om programmet kan användas som ett verktyg för att lära barn om ämnet. Detta studeras genom en semiotisk innehållsanalys ur ett hållbarhetsperspektiv. Det finns tre dimensioner av hållbar utveckling; ekologisk, social och ekonomisk. Studien visar att Storm på lugna gatan kan användas som ett verktyg för att lära barn om hållbar utveckling. Dock framställs den ekologiska dimensionen av hållbarhet till stor del på ett negativt sätt, vilket är problematiskt. Intressant är också att tecknen på hållbar utveckling framkommer genom underliggande budskap i materialet, vilket gör att vi ifrågasätter om barnen kan ta till sig budskapen och hur effektivt programmet kan fungera som ett verktyg.

  • Green, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ultege, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Mannen, myten, stereotypen: En semiotisk analys av maskulinitet i Axe reklamfilmer2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following work is a study of how media reproduce stereotypes and how masculinity is presented in advertising. Axe is a leading brand in the industry for grooming products and is a company that has received a great deal of criticism for reproducing toxic masculinity and sexism through its marketing campaigns. The company and, more specifically, some of their advertising campaigns is the object of the study. The purpose of the work is thus to investigate how Axe portrays masculinity in four selected commercials to see how media reproduce masculinity and normative gender stereotypes. We will also explain how these representations interconnect with the context of social changes, regarding the changing view of masculinity, to see how Axe marketing incorporates such changes. The analysis will be performed using semiotics as a method. Since the work is based on qualitative analysis, we have chosen to analyze the aspects of the material that can be interpreted as signs and codes for masculinity, and how the company reads these social codes and cultures to create a message that appeals to potential consumers. Furthermore, the results of the study are discussed, which shows that Axe has made changes thus breaking norms and notions of masculinity in their new commercials. Nevertheless, the company is ultimately operating within the capitalist system and seeks to attract a larger target group. The company is only norm-breaking enough to fit the capitalist agenda.

  • Lagergren, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jönsson, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    En Big Mac och Co med samhällsansvar, tack!: En kritisk visuell retorikanalys av två av McDonald’s Sveriges CSR-kampanjer med fokus på företagetshållbarhets- och samhällsansvarstagande.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the development of two of McDonald's Sweden's sustainability and corporate social responsibility (CSR) commercials. Specifically, visual influences, visual and linguistic elements and pistis are studied. The commercials are studied from the theoretical framework of rhetoric and CSR as a perspective. The purpose of the study is to use the selected methods and the theoretical framework to analyze how McDonald's Sweden has designed two of their CSR-themed commercials to reinforce the image of being sustainable and taking their alleged social responsibility. Furthermore, the authors intend to supplement and diversify the media and communication science research field by combining rhetoric as theory and method with CSR as a perspective. To achieve the purpose of the study, the authors use critical visual rhetorical analysis as a method with its three associated levels of analysis: the nature of the image, the function of the image and the evaluation of the image.The study's findings show that McDonald's Sweden has used various visual influencers to construct and reinforce the image of being sustainable and taking corporate social responsibility. The result also shows that the commercials are constructed with visual and linguistic elements adapted to the prevailing Swedish doxa.

  • Emami Sardareh, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hansson, Emelie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Sanningen om Celsius i USA: En multimodal kritisk diskursanalys av Celsius Instagramkonto2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the breakthrough of social media, the focus on body ideal has never had such a major impact on people, especially young people who are digitally born. In the past, the body ideal was to be skinny. Today it is more important to maintain and well-trained and healthy body, which is positive but can be at least as difficult to achieve. This can generate to body dissatisfaction and shame. Many young people today suffer from mental illness due to dissatisfaction with their bodies as social media contributes to reproduce and reinforce body ideals. Mental illness is a major problem in society today. A big contributor to this is the pressures and urges from social media who tells us what we should look and be like. Celsius Holdings, Inc. is a US company that offers beverage products with health benefits. Their focus is on exercise and health, therefore Celsius becomes part of today’s body ideal. Therefore, in this study, we analyze Celsius Instagram photos where they publish pictures of well-trained bodies daily. The study examines whether, and in that case, how Celsius uses discourses in health and exercise in its marketing of the products on Instagram. The purpose of the study is to contribute with knowledge to how different discourses on social media can affect us and how these relationships relate to societies idea of the body ideal. The study is based on a multimodal critical discourse analysis (MCDA) as theory and method. The study uses 9 analysis tools obtained from MCDA to analyze the material. The study revealed that Celsius uses health and exercise discourses that adversely could affect the recipient. This makes us question if Celsius advocates a positive and healthy body ideal.

  • Rikardsson, Tess
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Bylander, Carl
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kultur eller kön – eller både och?: En kritisk diskursanalys av den politiska debatten om hedersrelaterat våld2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several researchers agree that neither culture nor gender should be used as a single explanation for the honor-related violence. According to them, the perspectives should complement each other in an intersectional relation, along with other underlying causes. During the early 2000s, Swedish politicians took a stand for either a cultural or gender-based perspective when discussing honor-related violence, according to research from 2010. The aim of this study is to examine how the Swedish political debate about honor violence is conducted in 2019. In order to reach the aim, one political motion from each parliamentary party has been examined through critical discourse analysis.

    The results show that the two discourses from previous research still exist but have partially changed. Those who takes a stand for the gender-based discourse no longer deny the existence of honor violence, and they view honor-related violence as a sub-category within men's violence against women. Several motions have elements from both discourses, and some have cited other causes than gender or culture. This indicates that several parties have a partial intersectional view of the honor-related violence. However, all parties take more stand for one of the perspectives. When Maria Carbin did her study in 2010, it was the value-based discourse that dominated the Swedish parliament parties. In our study however, it is quite evenly distributed between the two discourses. Parties that politically is described as the left represent the gender-based discourse, while the traditional right-wing parties and Sverigedemokraterna (Swedish Democrats) represent the value-based discourse. Many of the parties who prefers for the value-based explanation also have nationalist elements in their texts, where some of them gives the expression of viewing Sweden and countries in the West as superior other countries and cultures. Only the motions from Miljöpartiet (Swedish Green Party) and Liberalerna (The Liberals) show elements of cosmopolitanism.

  • Nyberg, Evelin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Blomdell, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Gör hon någonting själv någon gång?: En kvalitativ textanalys av kvinnliga karaktärers agentskap i film2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of strong female characters, especially as protagonists, has been a hot topic in the movie industry the past few years, and the demand is greater than ever. There is, however, not an established definition of what a strong female character is, female strength has generally been defined by being assigned male characteristics. The purpose of this study is to question what a strong female character is as well as contribute with more knowledge of female representation in film, by examining if the female protagonists have agency. The study is based on feminist film theory, focusing on the theory of men as active and women as passive, and representation theory to critically analyze the portrayal of female protagonists.  

     

    The material is based on the movies Wonder Woman and Captain Marvel, both of which have been acknowledged because of their female protagonists and female directors in a male dominated genre. The results show that the woman on the one hand is pictured as passive and her female characteristics are portrayed as weaknesses. On the other hand, however, the woman is active, and her female characteristics are portrayed as strengths. For strong female characters to exist, feminine characteristics need to be able to be portrayed as strong. If femininity is nothing but a weakness, there cannot be such a thing as a strong female character. 

  • Aden, Ghedi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Vendelius, Patrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Effekter av olika träningsformer när hjärtat sviktar: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title:                      

    Effects of different types of exercise when the heart fails

    A literature review

    Background:      

    Heart failure is a public health disease that impairs the person’s physical ability that often leads to physical inactivity. In those affected, there is a fear of performing physical activity due to concerns about exa­cerbating or triggering the symptoms. The European Society of Cardiology recommends that people with heart failure should be offered physical activity.

    Aim:                       

    The aim was to describe different forms of training and its effects on the physical functioning of people with heart failure.

    Methods:              

    The paper was conducted as a literature review where the result is based on twelve scientific articles with quantitative design.

    Results:                

    The results of the literature review show that all forms of physical activity contribute more or less significantly to improved or preserved physical functioning. Walking is an appropriate fitness training for people with heart failure to improve, maintain or regain their physical ability.

    Conclusion:        

    Physical activity has a positive effect on the physical functioning of people with heart failure. The nurse has an important task to contribute to an individualized physical exercise program.

  • Hugo, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hedegaard, Joel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Unga vuxna med högfungerande autism: när utbildningen även behöver ge sociala förutsättningar2020Report (Other academic)